(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Advanced Microdevices Manuals | Linear Circuits Manuals | Supertex Manuals | Sundry Manuals | Echelon Manuals | RCA Manuals | National Semiconductor Manuals | Hewlett Packard Manuals | Signetics Manuals | Fluke Manuals | Datel Manuals | Intersil Manuals | Zilog Manuals | Maxim Manuals | Dallas Semiconductor Manuals | Temperature Manuals | SGS Manuals | Quantum Electronics Manuals | STDBus Manuals | Texas Instruments Manuals | IBM Microsoft Manuals | Grammar Analysis | Harris Manuals | Arrow Manuals | Monolithic Memories Manuals | Intel Manuals | Fault Tolerance Manuals | Johns Hopkins University Commencement | PHOIBLE Online | International Rectifier Manuals | Rectifiers scrs Triacs Manuals | Standard Microsystems Manuals | Additional Collections | Control PID Fuzzy Logic Manuals | Densitron Manuals | Philips Manuals | The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Debates | Linear Technologies Manuals | Cermetek Manuals | Miscellaneous Manuals | Hitachi Manuals | The Video Box | Communication Manuals | Scenix Manuals | Motorola Manuals | Agilent Manuals
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Report"

.'aryland 



i5S 
.377 



1944/45 




1 



INTH 



/J. iUi'PORTi 





BOARD OF EDUCATION 



" --la-:/!)*' ' 




'it 





LIBRARY— COLLEGE PARK 




Property of Library 
University of Maryland 



STATE OF MARYLAND 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



SEVENTY'NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 

Of The 

. State Board of Education 

SHOWING CONDITION 

Of The 

Public Schools of Maryland 

For The 

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1945 




BALTIMORE, MD. 



STATE OF MARYLAND 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



SEVENTY-NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 

Of The 

. ' , State Board of Education 

SHOWING CONDITION 

Of The 

Public Schools of Maryland 

For The 

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1945 




BALTIMORE, MD. 



./?/'/, 



II- 



STATE OF MARYLAND 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION— OCTOBER, 1945 



Name Address 

TASKER G. LOWNDES, Pres. Cumberland 

WENDELL D. ALLEN, Vice-Pres._...Baltimore 

HARRY Y. GEORGE Brunswick 

HORACE M. MORGAN Queen Anne 

THOMAS G. PULLEN, Jr., 



Address 

OREM Hyattsville 



Name 
NICHOLAS 

MRS. ALVIN THALHEIMER Baltimore 

HENRY C. WHITEFORD Whiteford 



Secretary-Treasurer, Catonsville 



OFFICE OF THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS 



1111 Lexington Building, Baltimore- 1, Md. 



State Superintendent of Schools 

Thomas G. Pullen, Jr. 
Ass't S<^ate Sup't for Vocational Education 

John J. Seidel 
State Supervisors of High Schools 

E. Clarke Fontaine (Chestertown) 

James E. Spitznas (Cumberland) 

Earle T. Hawkins 

Wilbur Dev-ilbiss (College Park) 
State Supervisor of Elementary Schools 

Grace L. Alder 
State Supervisor of Colored Schools 

Paul E. Hufiington 
Vocational Education 

Glen D. Brown, Ass't Dir., Adult Ed. 

Elisabeth Amery, Home Economics 
*H. F. Cotterman, Agr. (College Park) 

R. Floyd Cromwell, Ed. and Voc. Guid. 

Hershel M. James, Industrial Ed. 
Special Ed., Attendance, Transportation 

David W. Zimmerman, Supervisor 
Physical Education and Recreation 

Thomas C. Ferguson, Supervisor 

Ethel E. Sammis, Ass't Supervisor 
State Director of Public Libraries 

Adelene Pratt (400 Cathedral Street) 
Director, Teacher Certification; Editor 

Merle S. Bateman 
Director, Educational Measurements 

Bessie C. Stern 
Vocational Rehabilitation 

R. C. Thompson, Director 

Case Work Supervisors 
a Thomas D. Braun 
Lionel Burgess 

Medical Social Worker 
Emma E. Thomas 

Medical Consultant 

* Dean W. Roberts, M. D. 

Rehabilitation Counselors 
George W. Keller 
a William R. Blewett 
a Myrtle E. Chell 



Rehabilitation Counselors 

a Baltimore Branch 
a Irwin D. Medinger 
a Merl D. Myers 
a Ruth F. Ring 
a James E. Tear 

b Hagerstown Branch 
b Kenneth D. Stoner 

c Salisbury Branch 

c Raymond H. Simmons 

d So. Maryland Branch 
d W. Bird Terwilliger 
Principal Account Clerks 

Grace Steele Travers, I 

Blanche E. Keen, II 
Office Manager and Sten.-Sec'y 

Ruth E. Hobbs 
Clerk 

E. Sue Walter 
Stenographers-Secretaries 

Elizabeth McGinnity 

Elsie F. Forman 

Margaret Albaugh 
Senior Stenographers 

E. Dru^illa Chairs 

Carrye Hamburger 

Madeline Salbeck Raymond 

Dorothy F. Borleis 
Statisticians 

M. Eleanor Rice, II 

Marion Freyer, II 

Marian E. Whiteford, II 

James F. Bigwood, I 
Senior Typist 

Mary C. Wiskow 
Sten.-Sec'y, Rehabilitation 
a Emma T. Lueckert 
Senior Stenographers, Rehabilitation 

Louise O. Booze 

C. Elaine Shipley 

Charlotte A. Sylvester 
b Alfreda CofTman 
c Pauline P. Dawson 



PRESIDENTS OF STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES 



M. THERESA WIEDEFELD, Towson 
LILLIAN C. COMPTON, Frostburg 



J. D. BLACKWELL, Salisbury 
WILLIAM E. HENRY, Jr., Bowie 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
MARYLAND TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM 



911 Lexington Building, Baltimore-1, Md. 

HOOPER S. MILES State Treasurer and Chairman 

J. MILLARD TAWES - State Comptroller 

THOMAS G. PULLEN, Jr.. State Superintendent of Schools 

EDWIN W. BROOME Sup't of Montgomery County Schools, Vice-Chairman 

ALTHEA FULLER... Prirfcipal, Allegany County 

THOMAS 1. HAYS Secretary 

MINNIE M. HAMILTON _.Stenographer-Secretary 

HELEN KIRKMAN „ Senior Clerk 

* Part-time. c Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Salisbury. 

a 500 Liberty Bldg., Ba!timore-l. d 317 Stewart Bldg., 402 Sixth St., N. W., 

b 170 W. Washington St., Hagerstown Washington, D. C 



MARYLAND COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS AND SUPERVISORS 

1945-1946 



County Address 
ALLEGANY— Cumberland 
Charles L. Kopp, Supt. 
Richard T. Rizer, Asst. Supt. 
Ruby M. Adams, Dir. El. Ed. 
Jane Botsford 
Winifred Greene 
Midred Willison 

ANNE ARUNDEL— Annapolis 
Geo. Fox, Supt. 
Mrs. Ruth Parker Eason 
Evelyn Keller 
Ruth Dudderar 

Howard A. Kinhart (High School) 
Sarah V. Jones (Colored Schools) 

BALTIMORE— Towson 
C. G. Cooper, Supt. 
Edward G. Stapleton, Asst. Supt. 
M. Lucetta Sisk (Curriculum) ^ 
Myrtle Eckhardti 
Jennie E. Jessopi 
C. James Velie (Music) i 
Olive Jobes (Art)i 

James B. O'Toole, Jr. (Jr. High Schools) 
*Herbert R. Steiner (Physical Ed.) 

CALVERT— Prince Frederick 
Harry R. Hughes, Supt. 
Mattie V. Hardesty 
J. P. Layne (Colored Schools) 

CAROLINE— Denton 

W. Stewart Fitzgerald, Supt. 

A. May Thompson 

*Mrs. Lula D. Ward (Colored Schools) 

CARROLL— Westminster 
Raymond S. Hyson, Supt. 
Ruth DeVore 
Charles E. Reck 

Samuel M. Jenness (High School) 
*May E. Prince (Colored Schools) 

CECIL— Elkton 

H. E. McBride, Supt. 
Olive L. Reynolds 

Edwin H. Barnes (Colored Schools) 

CHARLES— La Plata 

F. Bernard Gwynn, Supt. 

B. Lucile Bowie 

Joseph C. Parks (Colored Schools) 

DORCHESTER— Cambridge 
W. Theodore Boston, Supt. 
Evelyn E. Johnson 

Mrs. Viola J. Comegys (Colored Schools) 

FREDERICK— Frederick 
E. W. Pruitt, Supt. 
Mrs. L. Louise Freeman Thompson 
A. Drucilla Worthington 
*Charles E. Henson (Colored Schools) 

GARRETT— Oakland 

Franklin E. Rathbun, Supt. 
Kate Bannatyne^ 
Mrs. Caroline Wilson 



* Part time 

1 200 W. Saratoga St., Balto. 1 

2 Grantsville 



County Address 
HARFORD— Bel Air 

Charles W. Willis, Supt. 
Benjamin S. Carroll, Asst. Supt. 
Hazel L. Fisher 
Mary L. Grau^ 

Dennis W. Noble (Colored Schools) 

HOWARD— Ellicott City 
H. C. Brown, Supt. 
Gail W. Chadwick 
Harry T. Murphy (Colored Schools) 

KENT— Chestertown 

Louis C. Robinson, Supt. 
Mildred Hoyle 

MONTGOMERY— Rockville 
E. W. Broome, Supt. 
Etheleen Daniel 
Mrs. Ruth S. Gue 
Elizabeth Meany 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Retzer (Phys. Ed.) 

Lucille Johnson (Music) 

Marjorie Billows (Art) 

Mrs. Fern D. Schneider (High Schools) 

Edward U. Taylor (Colored Schools) 

PRINCE GEORGE'S— Upper Marlboro 
G. Gardner Shugart, Supt. 
William M. Brish, Asst. Supt. 
Rowannetta S. Allen* 
Mrs. Mary Jane A. Carey (Music)* 
Mrs. Catherine T. Reed* 
Mrs. May Beth Wackwitz 
Doswell E. Brooks (Colored Schools) 

QUEEN ANNE'S— Centerville 
Franklin D. Day, Supt. 
Mrs. Margaret S. Stack 
Mrs. Lola P. Brown (Colored Schools) 

ST. MARY'S— Leonardtown 
Lettie M. Dent, Supt. 
E. Violette Young 
Ralph S. Waters (Colored Schools) 

SOMERSET— Princess Anne 
C. Allen Carlson. Supt. 
Alice Mae Coulbourn 
Clinton W. Corbin (Colored Schools) 

TALBOT— Easton 

J. Willard Davis, Supt. 
M. Lillian Cheezum 
W. H. Fauntleroy (Colored Schools) 

WASHINGTON— Hagerstown 
B. C. Willis. Supt. 
Pauline Blackford 
Katherine L. Healy 
Anne Richardson 
Mary Helen Chrissinger (Art) 
Miriam L. Hoffman (Music) 
William C. Diehl (High Schools) 

WICOMICO— Salisbury 

James M. Bennett, Supt. 

Mrs. Leah M. Phillips 

Marie A. Dashiell (Colored Schools) 

WORCESTER— Snow Hill 
William S. Sartorius, Supt. 
Margaret Laws 

Mrs. Lucy S. Pilchard (Colored Schools) 



3 Havre de Grace 
* Hyattsville 



121867 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Letter of Transmittal 5 

1945 Legislation Affecting Education 7 

The State Public School Budgets for 1945, 1946 and 1947 14 

The 1944 Maryland School Census 16 

Dates of Opening and Closing Schools and Length of Session 21 

Birth Rates, Enrollment in Public and Non-PubHc Schools, Ratio of High 

School to Total Enrollment 22 

Percent and Index of Attendance 27 

Grade Enrollment, Elementary Graduates and Non-Promotions..' 31 

Education for Handicapped Children in Counties and City 42 

High School Graduates: Number, Persistence and Occupations 45 

High School Enrollment by Year and Subject 54 

Participation of White High School Pupils in Music Activities 63 

High School Failures and Withdrawals 64 

Teachers by Subject, Clerks, Certification, Resignations, Turnover, Sex, 

Summer School Attendance 67 

Number Belonging and Average Salary per Teacher 80 

Number and Size of Schools 94 

Summer Schools, Evening Schools, Adult Education, Vocational Rehabili- 
tation, Vocational Training for War Production 100 

Costs of Maryland Schools: 

Total, Percent from State, Distribution of School Tax Dollar 106 

Cost per Pupil 112 

Financing the Vocational Education Program 125 

The Adult Education Program 128 

Transportation of Pupils 130 

Capital Outlay, Bonds Outstanding, Value of School Property 134 

1945-46 County Levies; Percent of Levies Used for Schools; Assessments; 

Tax Rates 138 

Parent-Teacher Associations; Other than Public Funds 147 

State and County School Administration and Supervision 148 

High School Equivalence Examinations 195 

The Maryland State Teachers Colleges — Towson, Frostburg, Salisbury, 

Bowie 196 

Contributions of Teachers to State Teachers' Retirement System 208 

The Maryland Public Library Commission Aid to School Libraries 209 

The State and County Health Program for School Children 212 

Financial Statements and Statistical Tables 221 

Index 264 



Baltimore, Md., 
January 1, 1946. 

Honorable Herbert R. O'Conor, 
Governor of Maryland, 
Annapolis, Maryland. 

Dear Governor O'Conor: 

In accordance .with Section 24 of Article 77 of the Laws of 
Maryland, the seventy-ninth annual report, covering all operations 
of the State Department of Education and the support, condition, 
progress, and needs of education throughout the State" for the 
school year ending in June, 1945, is herewith presented to you. 

Continuing the policy during the emergency created by war 
conditions of limiting State reports to the most important and 
essential data, an abbreviated report has been prepared similiar to the 
one issued for the last four years, omitting the verbal analysis of 
information included in tables or charts. 

The legislation of 1945 introduced with the support of your 
administration and implementing the recommendations of the 1941 
School Survey Commission will have far-reaching results in improv- 
ing the education for the boys and girls of Maryland. 

Smaller classes in the elementary schools, especially when it is 
possible to secure an adequate number of professionally trained 
teachers and sufficient classrooms, should help teachers to a better 
understanding of children, reduce failures, and guide children to 
adjust more satisfactorily to the world in which they must live. 

Greater maturity and more adequate preparation for further 
education, and also for work and living, especially for those boys and 
girls who complete their education with graduation from high school, 
should result from the inauguration of the twelve-year program. 
Because of lack of buildings and the necessity for a gradual replan- 
ning of the curriculum, in counties which have always had an eleven- 
grade system, those pupils completing grade 6 and in some cases 
grade 7, will be the first to benefit from the 1945 legislation. 

A salary scale for teachers which incorporates the temporary 
adjustments of the past two years should help to keep teachers in 
the profession and draw back some who have left for patriotic rea- 
sons and more remunerative fields. ^ Th £_ elimina tion of tuition fees 
at the State Teachers Colleges should attract to them more high 
school graduates. In four or five years we should reap the benefit in 
having a more adequate supply of teachers for the elementary 
schools. 

5 



Other aids to education which should result from the 1945 
legislation are: the development of county and school libraries 
from the new Division of Library Extension to be established in the 
State Department of Education; a legal basis for adult education; 
auditory aids to instruction; certification and regulation of private 
trade schools ; equalizing and increasing salaries of white and colored 
supervisors; and increasing salaries of county superintendents. 

Last but not least is the financial support necessary to carry 
out this program. The State Public School Budget has been in- 
creased $1,734,316 for 1945-46 over the amount available the pre- 
ceding year from the regular appropriation plus the State bonus, 
and for 1946-47 the increase is $507,315. 

It is encouraging to know that the number and percent of 
county white teachers leaving the service has-been progressively 
lower in 1943-44 and in 1944-45 than in 1942-43 which showed turn- 
over at its highest peak. Undoubtedly the State bonus in effect 
from July 1943 through June 1945 as a result of the enactment of 
Chapter 739 of the Laws of 1943 and Chapter 3 of the special session 
of 1944 brought some results. 

With continued interest and greater financial support of pa- 
trons, parent-teacher associations, county commissioners, members 
of the legislature and the administration in insuring a better program 
of education for the boys and girls of Maryland, the school officials 
and teachers, who have realized that education of boys' and girls for 
living effectively in a democracy is the most patriotic service they 
can render, carry on with renewed inspiration. 

The excellent law which governs the Maryland school program, 
its simple and efficient plan of organization for administration and 
financing, as well as the sincere cooperation received from all county 
teachers, clerks, attendance workers, supervisors, and superintend- 
ents, who have been given the generous moral and financial support 
of their patrons, county boards of education, county commissioners 
and members of the legislature and your administration have made 
possible the conditions shown in this report. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Thomas G. Pullen, Jr., 

Secretary-Treasurer. 

State Board of Education 
Tasker G. Lowndes, President 
Wendell D. Allen, Vice-President 
Harry Y. George 
Horace M. Morgan 
Nicholas Orem 
Fannie Thalheimer 
Henry C. Whiteford 



6 



MARYLAND 1945 LEGISLATION EFFECTING CHANGES IN ARTICLE 77 
Certification and Regulation of Private Trade Schools, Ch. 1043, H. B. 711 
14A. A new section requires private schools or educational institutions 
offering trade and technical education which charge tuition or fees to have an 
annual certificate of approval from the State Superintendent of Schools. Such 
certificates shall be issued whenever conditions of entrance, scholarship, educational 
qualifications, standards, and facilities are adequate and appropriate. Such a 
certificate may be revoked for cause by the State Superintendent of Schools. 
Any applicant denied a certificate shall be entitled to a hearing before the State 
Board of Education which may affirm, modify, or reverse the action of the State 
Superintendent of Schools. 

Visual and Auditory Aids to Instruction on the State Level, Ch. 595, H. B. 624 

33. The State Superintendent of Schools is given authority to furnish, in 
addition to visual aids to instruction, such as still or moving pictures, permissible 
under this law for many years, auditory aids, such as records and radio. 

The Adult Education Bill, Ch. 545, S. B. 487 
41A. A new section permits the establishment of day and evening schools 
for adults. This merely legalizes such instruction, which has been financed from 
Federal vocational funds for many years and from State funds since 1939, when 
$10,000 was first provided in the State Public School Budget. The counties 
have contributed to the cost of instruction in some cases and have made avail- 
able buildings, equipment, supplies, and janitorial service. 

Visual and Auditory Aids to Instruction on the County Level, Ch. 546, S. B. 488 

51A. A new section gives the county boards of education authority to 
furnish visual and auditory aids to instruction. 

Smaller Elementary School Classes, Ch. 542, S. B. 250 

79. Whenever a school numbers more than thirty-five children in average 
daily attendance an assistant shall be employed by the county board of education; 
and for every additional thirty-five children, one teacher shall be appointed. 

The Teachers' Salary Bill, Ch. 543, S. B. 251 

93. The State minimum salary for teachers with degrees, which formerly 
was fixed at $1,200 for inexperienced teachers, is increased to $1,500, and the 
maximum salary for teachers after 16 years' service has been increased from 
$1,800 to $2,250. Increments of $100 are provided every other year for teachers 
whose certificates are rated first class. Teachers without degrees receive $200 less 
than those with degrees. Salaries for high school principals range from $1,950 to 
$2,750 for small schools and from $2,350 to $3,150 for schools having ten or more 
assistants. Counties may have higher scales at their own expense. 

Increasing Minimum Salaries of County Superintendents of Schools, 
Ch. 1074, H. B. 867 

131. Minimum salaries of county superintendents, varying with number of 
teachers and years of experience, range from $3,500 to $5,140, an increase of 
$1,000 over the previous minimum salaries. The State pays two-thirds of these 
minimum salaries. 

Equalizing Salaries of Colored and White Supervisors, Ch. 541, S. B. 248 

142(1). Equal salaries are provided for white and colored supervising teach- 
ers of elementary schools. As the number of colored teachers employed is con- 
siderably smaller than the number of white, provision is made for part-time 
supervision in counties having more than 10 and fewer than 30 white or colored 
elementary school teachers. Minimum salaries of supervising teachers range 
from $2,400 to $3,000 after seven years of experience as a supervisor. 

Elimination of Tuition Fees at State Teachers Colleges, Ch. 6, H. B. 65 

153. Tuition fees of $100 charged at State teachers colleges for white stu- 
dents since September 1933, are eHminated beginning in 1945-46. 



8 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

County Library Service, Ch. 980, S. B. 543 
163-181. A division of Library Extension is created in the State Depart- 
ment of Education, interest in public library service is to be stimulated throughout 
the State, a Board of Library Trustees is to be appointed by the Governor in 
each county for the establishment of new libraries and assistance to existing 
libraries, county taxes are to be levied, and State aid is to be given to libraries 
which qualify for it. 

. The Twelve-Year Program, Ch. 558, H. B. 217 
186-188. County boards of education are required to organize junior high 
schools, junior-senior high schools, and senior high schools, or other combinations 
of grades for pupils who have completed the six elementary grades. Junior high 
schools and senior high schools are commonly three years in length. Since the 
building facilities available differ from county to county, each county shall sub- 
mit to the State Superintendent of Schools for approval a plan for reorganization 
of its program, so that the twelve-grade program may be initiated. 

The High School Aid Bill Provides for a Twelve-Grade System, Ch. 597, H. B. 628 

189. All reference to first and second group high schools is eliminated. State 
aia for the teachers employed in all high schools, which may include pupils in all 
years above the sixth grade, is fixed in accordance with the number of pupils 
enrolled. This permits the distribution of high school aid for the instruction of 
pupils in grades 7 and 8 on the same basis as formerly allowed for pupils receiving 
instruction in the last four years of high school. The State Board of Education 
is given authority to approve special subjects and services (such as guidance 
and library teachers) other than those specifically designated in the law. 

The Equalization Fund Bill, Ch. 593, H. B. 620 
196. The following changes are provided for: 

1. The county tax rate for participation in the Equalization Fund is 
increased from 51 to 56 cents. 

2. The per cent of funds which counties sharing in the Equalization 
Fund must spend for purposes other than teachers' salaries, ex- 
cluding transportation costs, debt service, and capital outlay, is 
decreased from 24 to 20. 

3. The normal schools are designated teachers colleges. Services 
which have been added since Section 196 was originally prepared, 
are listed by inclusion in the State Public School Budget in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of Article 77. 

The Basic Aid Bill, Ch. 544, S. B. 483 

199a. Basic aid of at least $150 is required for each classroom unit in opera- 
tion in all counties and Baltimore City for which a separate teacher is employed, 
provided that no such aid will be given for any classroom unit in excess of the 
number of teachers required by law and that no such aid will be given unless the 
State minimum salary schedule is maintained, and provided that such payments 
for the next two years shall be conditioned upon the maintenance by the counties 
and the City of Baltimore of not less than the amounts now being appropriated 
for school purposes, in order that teachers* salaries shall not be decreased during 
these two years. 

Repeal of the Colored Industrial Fund, Ch. 596, H. B. 625 

203-205. Since the high schools have absorbed the functions of colored 
industrial schools, and supervisors of colored schools are provided for on the same 
basis as supervisors of white schools, there is no further need for the colored in- 
dustrial schools or fund. This fund, formerly used to support these schools and 
colored supervisors, will be transferred to the fund for part-payment of salaries 
of school officials. 

The Vocational Rehabilitation Bill, Ch. 594, H. B. 623 

262, 263, 267. The State Vocational Rehabilitation Act, brought into con- 
formity with the Federal Act of July, 1943, makes vocational rehabilitation serv- 
ices available to all disabled individuals instead of, as formerly, only to physically 
handicapped persons. 



1945 Maryland Legislation Affecting Education 



9 



1945 LEGISLATION AFFECTING COUNTY BOARDS OF EDUCATION 
Allegany County 

Ch. 599, H. B. 630 
Salaries of teachers in Allegany County without degrees range from $1,300 
to $2,200 and for those with degrees from $1,500 to $2,400, the maximum being 
paid after fourteen years of service. 

Ch. 1011, H. B. 345 

Requires for the period until June 1, 1947, increases of at least 10 per cent 
in wages or salaries of persons engaged in custodial and janitorial care of school 
buildings and in stenographic or secretarial work for the Allegany County Board 
of Education, based on schedules in effect on June 1, 1945. 

Caroline and Frederick Counties 

Ch. 789, S. B. 387 
Pension of $300 to be paid by county to teacher meeting certain requirements. 

Garrett County 

Ch. 790, S. B. 426 

Authorizes levy for eight years of not less than $25,000 and not more than 
$30,000, totahng $221,000, for school buildings, including $150,000 for Oakland 
High School; not to exceed $20,000 for Friendsville; not to exceed $15,000 for 
Kitzmiller; not to exceed $15,000 for Grantsville; not to exceed $10,000 for Ac- 
cident; not to exceed $9,000 for Bloomington; not to exceed $2,000 for Swanton 
School. 

Ch. 868, H. B. 638 

Transfers $2,000 formerly levied for Hutton School to Oakland High School 
Building Fund. 

Ch. 411, S. B. 403 

Authorizes and directs county commissioners to borrow $9,180 to pay a 
county bonus of $10 per teacher for each month from January through June, 
1945. 

Howard County 

Ch. 195, H. B. 300 
Requires fire extinguishers in all schools. 

Montgomery County 

Ch. 977, S. B. 530 

Provides for transportation of children to non-State-aided schools on school 
buses and for levy therefor by county commissioners of Montgomery County. 

Ch. 1026, H. B. 546 

Amends Section 142, Article 77, sub-section (3), to provide for salary in- 
crease for supervisor of school property and appointnient of a second assistant 
supervisor of school property in Montgomery County. 

Washington County 

Ch. 1075, H. B. 868 

Directs county commissioners to levy $100,000 for each of five years for 
Washington County school buildings. Program includes plans for Winter Street, 
North Street, and Washington Street Schools in Hagerstown, as well as for other 
buildings. 

Ch. 860, H. B. 853 

Authorizes and empowers the County Commissioners to borrow for construc- 
ting, altering, reconditioning, or equipping capital improvements not to exceed 
$400,000 for a period of 3 years, provided that the aggregate indebtedness at 
one time shall not exceed $400,000. 



10 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



School Bond Issues Summarized 



County 


Chapter 


Amount 


Baltimore 


217 


$2,000,000 


Calvert 


431 


262,000 


Frederick 


744 


200,000 


♦Garrett 


790 


221,000 


Kent 


958 


245,000 


Montgomery- 


950 


Share of 5j 


Prince George's 


574 


1,300,000 


fWashington 


1075 


500,000 


Wicomico 


289 


390,000 



MARYLAND LEGISLATION WHICH HAS A BEARING ON EDUCATION 

Salary of Faculty and Members of Staffs at State Teachers Colleges 
Ch. 930, H. B. 108. 

By amendment of Section 16 of Article 64 A, dealing with the ' 'Merit System, " 
the teachers colleges in fixing salaries of faculty staff members shall not be sub- 
ject to the regulation of the State Employees' Standard Salary Board. 

Reemployment of Second World War Veterans, Ch. 800, S. B. 226 

Repeal of Sections 95 and 97 of Article 65, which are replaced by Sections 
8 to 18 of Article 963^, provides for reinstatement of a second world war veteran 
still qualified to perform the duties of his former position, who seeks reinstatement 
within 90 days of separation from service or hospitalization. He shall be called a 
re-employee and shall be considered as having been on furlough. The time between 
date of entry into the armed services and date of reemployment shall be added 
to his previous experience and he shall be entitled to all benefits and privileges, 
including pay, pension and retirement rights. Provision is made for the order of 
reinstatement or reemployment if two or more veterans have held the same posi- 
tion or if positions have been abolished. 

Employees of Municipal Corporations May Be Included in Employees 
Retirement System of the State of Maryland, Ch. 969, S. B. 432. 

Sections 17 to 24 are added to Article 73B, making it possible for employees 
of counties or county boards of education, except those now eligible to participate 
in a retirement system, to become members of the State Employees Retirement 
System if the legislative body of the Municipal Corporation approves. The em- 
ployees who participate would make individual contributions as teachers do at 
present and the Municipal Corporation would contribute the necessary matching 
amount. Should such a plan be adopted, provision could be made for janitors, 
bus drivers, and others employed by county boards of education who are not 
eligible to join the Maryland Teachers Retirement System. 

Post-War Construction at State Teachers Colleges, Ch. 994, S. B. 639. 

The program of construction projects for State Institutions and Agencies in 
connection with Post-War Reconstruction and Redevelopment includes as items 
10, 11 and 14 provision for additions, alterations and improvements to present 
buildings and equipment at the State Teachers Colleges at Bowie, Towson and 
Frostburg. 

Minor Corrections in Motor Vehicle Law, Article 66>^, Ch. 506, H. B. 430. 

The following apply to school buses: 

201. A vehicle upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which has stopped 
must come to a full stop at least 10 feet from the school bus, either in front or 
"rear" thereof. (Near is corrected to read rear.) 

208. "Semi-annual" inspections of school buses are required. The preceding 
law read "biannual" instead of "semi-annual." 

♦ Levy over 8 year peroid. 
t Levy for 5 years. 



1945 Maryland Legislation Having a Bearing on Education 13 

State and Local Units to Collect for Taxes Lost because of Property Acquired 
by Federal Government, Ch. 8, H. B. 33. 

The State and taxing units of the counties or municipalities are authorized 
and empowered to take necessary action to receive and collect from the United 
States any and all money made available to reimburse them for any and ail taxes 
or charges lost because the United States or any of its agencies acquired title to 
any real or personal property located in Maryland. (See new Section 42 of Article 
96.) 

State Departments and Political Subdivisions of the State Exempted from 
Payment of Recordation Tax, Ch. 253, S. B. 160. 

The exemption from payment of the recordation tax applies to deeds, mort- 
gages, chattel mortgages, bills of sale, leases, deeds of trust, contracts and agree- 
ments. (See Section 220 of Article 81.) 

Purchase of -?urDhis W^r. Materials ^WjthouLJ^<il»lMion of passengers in 
chartered contract ser\ice shall be granted by the Public Service Commission to 
any applicant actively engaged as a bona fide bus operator on May 31, 1942, and 
continuously so engaged up to and including March 1, 1945. The Public Service 
Commission may approve any such application upon investigation, but no ap- 
plication shall be denied except after a full hearing by the Commission, provided 
that any such application must be filed with the Commission not later than June 
1,11947. See new sections 360 A and 360B of Article 23. 

Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility, Ch. 456, H. B. 24. 

Immediate report of accident involving death or injury or property damage 
in excess of $50 is required. Failure to report shall be a misdemeanor and shall 
constitute ground for suspension or revocation of license or registration for motor 
vehicle. 

Within 60 days after receipt of the report of such a motor vehicle accident the 
license of the operator and the registration of the owner shall be suspended, unless 
security is deposited in a sum to satisfy any judgment of damages, or unless the 
operator or owner is covered by an automobile liability policy issued by a company 
authorized to do business in Maryland, or unless the owner or operator of more than 
25 motor vehicles was self-insured. 

Provision is made for exceptions to the requirement of security; custody, 
disposition, and return of security; and use of this information as evidence in 
civil suits. (See Sections llOA to llOH of Article 663^.) 

Exemption from Motor Vehicle Titling Tax, Ch. 47, H. B. 3. 

Motor vehicles owned by the State of Maryland or any political subdivision 
shall be exempt from the automobile titling tax. (See Section 25A of Article 66}^.) 

Methods of Paying Taxes on Motor Vehicles in 1946-47 and Thereafter, 

Ch. 753, H. B. 502. 

The Department of Motor Vehicles shall provide spaces on the application 
forms for registration plates or markers for insertion of the taxes due. These forms 
shall be sent to the tax collectors' on or before December 1, who shall return them 
to the Department on or before February 1. All taxes on motor vehicles shall be 
due and owing on January 1 without reference to fiscal year or date of finality in the 
political unit. No registration plate or marker shall be issued until the registration 
fee and taxes indicated are paid. In those counties in which the County Treasurers 
act as agent of the Department, they shall collect the taxes herein provided for. 
The Department of Motor, Vehicles shall remit once a month the taxe's collected 
and shall retain 114% oi the taxes collected to cover cost of collection. (See new 
Section 27B of Article 66 K.) 

* Declared unconsHtutional by Judge Michael J. Manley in Circuit Court No. 2, July 2, 1946. 



10 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



School Bond Issues Summarized 



County 


Chapter 


Amount 


Baltimore 


217 


$2,000,000 


Calvert 


431 


262,000 


Frederick 


744 


200,000 


♦Garrett 


790 


221,000 


Kent 


958 


245,000 


Montgomery 


950 


Share of 5, 


Prince George's 


574 


1,300,000 


fWashington 


1075 


500,000 


Wicomico 


289 


390,000 



MARYLAND LEGISLATION WHICH HAS A BEARING ON EDUCATION 

Salary of Faculty and Members of Staffs at State Teachers Colleges 
Ch. 930, H. B. 108. 

^ " ttl ri/jTit. 14. 

The Governor is requested to appoint a committee on Physical Fitness of 
eleven representatives of existing agencies in this field whose responsibility it 
shall be to recommend a program to improve the physical fitness and health of 
the people of Maryland. Full use may be made of any of the facilities and courses 
under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Education or of any other 
agencies of the State. 

Bonds of State Officers and Employees to be Made to State, 
Ch. 198, H. B. 55. 

The bonds of all officers and employees of the State or of any agency of the 
State shall be made to the State and filed with the State Comptroller after re- 
quired approval and recording. (See Section 20A of Article 19.) 

Bonus to State Employees, Ch. 1083, H. B. 886. 

State employees receiving a regular annual salary of less than $3,000 on July 
1, 1945, or July 1, 1946, shall receive in addition $180 less any salary increase 
received during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, and June 30, 1946, respec- 
tively. 

6. Employees of the State Teachers Colleges who receive maintenance shall 
be eligible to receive this additional compensation. 

7. Any State employee who entered the Armed Forces and has been dis- 
charged and reemployed by the State shall be entitled to full payments if he is 
employed at the time these payments are payable. 

8. These additional payments shall not be liable for any contribution to any 
retirement system. 

9. The Board of Public Works is authorized in the discretion of said Board 
upon the termination of World War II to order the suspension at any time of 
further payments of this additional compensation. 

Extends Time for Bond Issues to Take Advantage of Federal Aid, 
Ch. 645, H. B. 226. 
The time is extended to June 1, 1947, during which bonds may be issued for 
public works by the political subdivisions of the State to secure the benefits of 
any agency of the Federal government engaged in a works program, to encourage 
public works, to reduce unemployment, and to promote the public welfare, and 
they may accept assistance of any agency of the Federal government to include 
the construction or acquisition of public works made necessary by the war effort. 
(See Section 20 of Article 31.) 

Taxation of Property Owned or Leased by United States, Ch. 71, S. B. 76. 

Real and tangible personal property owned or leased by the United States 
or any agency thereof shall be taxed in the county or city in which they are located 
to the extent legally permitted by the constitution and laws of the United States. 
See Subsections (1) af^id (2) of Section 6 and Subsection (2) of Section 7 of Article 81. 



1945 Maryland Legislation Having a Bearing on Education 13 

State and Local Units to Collect for Taxes Lost because of Property Acquired 
by Federal Government, Ch. 8, H. B. 33. 

The State and taxing units of the counties or municipahties are authorized 
and empowered to take necessary action to receive and collect from the United 
States any and all money made available to reimburse them for any and all taxes 
or charges lost because the United States or any of its agencies acquired title to 
any real or personal property located in Maryland. (See new Section 42 of Article 
96.) 

State Departments and Political Subdivisions of the State Exempted from 
Payment of Recordation Tax, Ch. 253, S. B. 160. 

The exemption from payment of the recordation tax applies to deeds, mort- 
gages, chattel mortgages, bills of sale, leases, deeds of trust, contracts and agree- 
ments. (See Section 220 of Article 81.) 

Purchase of Surplus War Materials Without Competitive Bidding, 
Ch. 749, S. B. 636. 

Any department or agency of the State or of any political subdivision of the 
State may purchase, without prior advertising or competitive bidding, any surplus 
materials or supplies offered for sale by the United States or any agency thereof. 

Court Procedure in Dealing with Juvenile Cases, Minors without Proper 
Care, Article 26, Ch. 797, S. B. 27. 

New sections pro\ide that the Circuit Court for County 

sitting as a Juvenile Court shall have jurisdiction in juvenile causes. Children are 
defined as those under eighteen in the counties of Maryland. The Judge shall 
have original exclusive jurisdiction concerning any child who is dependent, de- 
linquent, neglected or feeble-minded. Among the definitions of a delinquent child 
is one who is a habitual truant, who is incorrigible, ungovernable, or habitually 
disobedient, or who is beyond the control of parents, guardian or other lawful 
authority. The judge shall also have original, exclusive jurisdiction concerning 
any parent, guardian or other adult contributing to the child's condition, subject 
to the right of trial by jury unless waived. (See Sections 48A-C.) 

A child brought before the Judge shall not be charged with the commission 
of any crime, but it shall be the function of the Judge to determine whether a 
child charged as dependent, delinquent, neglected, and/or feeble-minded is in 
need of care and treatment. If the child is charged \vith commission of a misde- 
meanor or felony, the Judge may waive jurisdiction and order the child held for 
action under the regular procedure that would follow the commission of such acts 
by adults. (See Section 48D.) 

Adults found guilty shall be punishable by a fine not exceeding $500, or im- 
prisonment not exceeding two years, or both. The Judge may sentence, or suspend 
sentence, place on probation and impose certain duties. (See Section 48E.) 

A probation officer who works in one or more counties may be appointed. He 
shall make investigations and present his findings and recommendations to the 
Judge, who may use the findings and recommendations of any other person or 
agency, either private or public, in the disposition of any child. (See Sections 48F 
and G.) 

Pending trial, a child may not be detained in a police station, prison, jail or 
lock up, unless separated from adults. The Judge may arrange for temporary 
custodial care by the County Welfare Board or other institution, agency, or per- 
son. (See Sections 48H and I.) 

All cases concerning children shall be heard separately from cases concerning 
adults and hearings shall be conducted in an informal manner. (See Section 48J.) 



14 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

The Judge may dismiss any case, place him on probation or in the custody of a 
public or private institution or agency, the latter with or without financial support 
of the parents. No adjudication by the Judge shall impose civil disabihties, nor 
make the child a criminal. The proceedings and evidence regarding a child shall 
not be admissible as evidence against the child in any other court. The Judge may 
have anyone under the jurisdiction of the Court examined by a physician, psy- 
chiatrist, or psychologist. (See Sections 48K through M.) 

The purpose of the act is the care, guidance and control of each child, 
preferably in his own home, as will be conducive to the child's welfare and the 
best interests of the State. (See Section 48P.) 

The County Commissioners shall levy and appropriate for the payment of 
salaries, fees, expenses and costs, including provision for the probation officer, 
and support of a child if necessary. (See Sections 48R and S.) 

The above provisions do not apply to Allegany, Montgomery and Wash- 
ington Counties and Baltimore City, which have special provisions of their own. 
(See Section 48U.) 

The amendment of Sections 50 and 58 of Article 27 provides for court pro- 
cedure regarding minors without proper care or guardianship throughout the 
State — in the counties, those eighteen years of age or older, and in Baltimore City 
those sixteen years or older. 

Resolutions re Vocational Education, Vocational Rehabilitation and Work 

for the Blind. 

Three resolutions were passed by the legislature urging the extension of voca- 
tional education in the small high schools, especially in the commercial field; re- 
questing the Legislative Council to study the needs of vocational education and 
rehabilitation of the physically handicapped in Maryland; and authorizing the 
Board of Public Works to furnish funds for the home service department of the 
Maryland Workshop for the Blind. 

THE STATE PUBLIC SCHOOL BUDGET, Ch. 893, Laws of 1945 

The State Public School Budget provides for State appropriations totalling 
$11,578,561 for 1946 and $12,085,876 for 1947, an increase of $1,734,316 over 1945 
and of $507,315 over 1946. The 1945 figures include $1,400,000 made available 
as a result of the special legislative session in 1944 to continue monthly payments 
of $20 to teachers earning less than $3,000. (See Table 1.) 

The major increases for the two-year period provide $1,350,000 for basic aid 
per classroom unit, $1,511,261 for the Equalization Fund, and $270,976 for high 
school aid, for the purpose of increasing teachers' salaries, inaugurating the twelve- 
grade system and reducing the size of elementary school classes. These increases 
are offset by the discontinuance of $1,400,000 for the bonus mentioned in the 
preceding paragraph. 

The retirement system increase for the two years is $294,815. Part-payment 
of salaries is larger by $46,407 to increase salaries of supervisors and to equalize 
those for supervisors of colored schools, but this increase is offset by a decrease of 
$24,750 due to the elimination of the colored industrial fund. Aid for libraries is 
inaugurated in 1947 by a fund of $20,000 and aid for handicapped children in- 
creases $10,000. The State Department and allied activities show increases of 
$21,751 for new positions, the testing program and increased salaries and expenses. 
The gain of $141,1^1 in funds available to the teachers colleges is due in part 
to the elimination of tuition fees charged white students for the past twelve years. 
(See last two columns in Table 1.) 



1945 Legislation; 1945, 1946 and 1947 State Public School 



Budgets 



O' «5 



05 00 P5 
OJ ^ lO 

(MOO r-^ 



O o 
Oo 

Oo 00 



t-rHO 



'^os 00 
loobeo 



W i-H iC 

t>co o 

(N lO (N 
00 t- 



O 



lO 0> CO 

■<i< ec i-H 

t>50 



t> lO o 

OS t- Tj< 



iTf O 

':<£<£ 
;o5 o 



;oooo 
;ooo;d 
;o_o_q_o_ 
; lo o~o x" 
: oo lo o t~ 

■ (M (M 00^00 



O O O O O 

ooooo 
o o o o o 



o ; o o o eo ;oooo 

o ;ooo-«j< ;oooo 

|Oo^o^(N :o_oo_o_ 

00 iooo'o't> iouooo 

«D leoioOlo {ineoNO 

00 '(NINOOiO '(M 00 

i— I eo 1-1 i-H 



•^oeoooasoooo 
Niooiooaioooo 
o c— o o^c~ o o o o 

i-HNOOiOO^DOiOCOtN 
^ »-i 00 00 (M 



OOO « 
OOO 



cgoeoeo 

0> lO N <N 
;Ot> I 00 



O00O«DOOOOOO 

C<iiceooiiou5ioicu305 

tH to* O (N m" «>" C<r <n" 



OiJOOOOOOOOO-^ 

usojacoooooow 
N'^oo^Dioioioiomai 

rH us" ctT 00 IN N <o" r-T (N 00 



oooooooooooeo'-i 

TH «> t- ^ U5 lO 00 t- Ifi "-^ 
^''eo'"oo"c<riN(N UO (N'* 

,-(i-H.-( eg » 



OS 00 eo t-H 

'I'OOOb- 
O «0 00 00 



00<£>O>O0 
03 lO 00 00 
•.3^00 00_^iO 
eg CO OS CO 

S ^3 ^ c5 



eg Oi oo«o eg 

l> rJ<5D00>-l 

eg 

\a i-H-eg^aTeg" 

»-H ^^r-ieg 



cgoo-^vc 
eg^coo 
i> ocg 
eg'eo eo^cg* 

OOO Ore 

»H eg 



«o o 
cg«5 
00 -"t 



1^ "J 



eg-* 
00 CO 
•* 00 



ocg 

O to 

O T-( 



2 

«... 

p>-ieg CO 



% 



o 



M.2 1: o c 3 S MOT 



7 c 



5 C e e cs 



eg ;d 



IS 

.So 



o 



, ?5 C3 C X S C3 

iw c OH rt c c c. 

l_-0--3__Crt«« 
ijS'^eSrtOii'SQ 

>>3.fl'« S fl 3 



be bfi 

0! o ai 

be o c 
*OU = 
"o ra go 

a, 2 M 

1 o= ^ 



o « 



< 

E- 

O 

Q 
Z 

<; CO 



0) 

§1 



3 " 

« u 



4 S.Si 

SI'S 

rt c « 

S.2S 
2-5 g 

5 2 c3 

a) oj 2 

2.H to 
c c S 

t-l»-l CS 



16 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 2— Census of Boys and Girls Under 21 Years of Age in 23 Maryland 
Counties By Age, Color, and Sex, November, 1944 





White 


Colored 


Age 
















Total 




Girls 


Total 


±5oys 


Girls 


Total Counties 














(5-18) 1938 


202 884 


103 595 


99 289 


41 642 


21 041 


20 601 


(5-18) 1940 


205 329 


1 04 603 


100 796 


41086 


20*557 


90 59Q 


(5-18) 1942 


210,075 


107 009 


103 066 


40 295 


20*253 


20 042 


(5-18) 1944 


216670 


110452 


106 218 


40 390 


20 180 


20 210 


Total Ages 20 or 


Under, 1944 


320,296 


163,775 


156,521 


58 613 


29 459 


29,154 


20.. 


11,866 


6,340 


5,526 


2 196 


1,114 


1,082 


19 


13337 


7,071 


6,266 


2*354 


1*253 


1,101 


18 


13788 


7071 


6*717 


2 590 


1 351 


1 239 


17 


14,778 


7^474 


7,304 


2^626 


1,315 


lisii 


* 16 


15^354 


7^756 


7,598 


2^873 


1*436 


1^437 


15 


14969 


7*503 


7*466 


2*902 


1 487 


1*415 


14 


15619 


7994 


7*625 


3 016 


1 502 


1 514 


13 


15',443 


7',729 


7JU 


2^826 


1^403 


IA2Z 


12 , 


15,671 


7,944 


7,727 


2,989 


1,442 


1,547 


11 


15 297 


7 762 


7 535 


2 926 


1 486 


1,440 


10 


15^004 


7,647 


7,357 


3!036 


1,509 


1,527 


9 


15,769 


8,105 


7,664 


2,911 


1,458 


1,453 


8 


15 829 


8 098 


7 731 


2 960 


1 479 


1 481 


7 


16^122 


8,385 


7,737 


2',846 


1,365 


1,481 


6 


16,849 


8,661 


8,188 


2,994 


1,507 


1,487 


5 


16,178 


8,323 


7,855 


k„895 


1,440 


1,456 


4 


15,465 


7,957 


7,508 


2,955 


1,494 


1,461 


3 


15,960 


8,127 


7,833 


2,735 


1,339 


1,396 


2 


16,235 


8,315 


7,923 


2,957 


1,474 


1,483 


1 


15,027 


7,611 


7,416 


2,354 


1,210 


1,144 


Under 1 


15,733 


7,902 


7,831 


2,672 


1,395 


1,277 


Balto. City (5-18) 














1944 


114,805 






33,660 






Entire State (5-18) 










1944 


331,475 






74,050 

















TABLE 3— Brief Summary of 1944 School Census of Maryland Children 



County 


Census 
Ages 7-15 Years 


Change 
1942 to 1944 


Census 
Ages 
6-14 

Years 


Change 
1942 
to 
1944 


Ages 7-15 Year 
Number 


s in 


No School 
Percent 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


Total Counties ... 


139,723 


26,412 


t3,124 


—143 


168,107 


t5,184 


4,447 


1,791 


3 


2 


6 


.8 


Allegany 


14,023 


171 


—22 


—47 


14,219 


+ 117 


380 


7 


2 


7 


4 


.1 


Anne Arundel 


9,039 


3,271 


-f469 


+ 132 


12,602 


+ 778 


234 


203 


2 


6 


6 


.2 


Baltimore 


25,706 


2,261 


-1-2,230 


+260 


28,709 


+ 3,094 


731 


126 


2 


8 


5 


.6 


Calvert 


928 


1,141 


+ 10 


+38 


2,072 


—15 


45 


70 


4 


8 


6 


.1 


Caroline 


1,945 


585 


—85 


—50 


2,519 


—47 


76 


30 


3 


9 


5 


.1 


Carroll 


5,131 


291 


—169 


—24 


5,368 


—130 


217 


20 


4 


2 


6 


.9 


Cecil 


4,373 


349 


-(-446 


—78 


4,748 


+ 429 


149 


34 


3 


4 


9 


.7 


Charles 


2,172 


1,781 


-1-73 


+ 52 


4,003 


+ 103 


62 


190 


2 


9 


10 


.7 


Dorchester 


2,552 


1,174 


—114 


—146 


3,685 


—173 


94 


74 


3 


7 


6 


.3 


Frederick 


7,734 


790 


— 24L 


—32 


8,498 


—185 


551 


83 


7 


1 


10 


.5 


Garrett 


3,926 




—265 




3,953 


—169 


148 




3 


8 






Harford 


5,327 


818 


—9 


+ 23 


6,221 


+ 61 


187 


51 


3 


5 


6 


.2 


Howard 


2,844 


742 


—63 


+ 30 


3,572 


—99 


100 


51 


3 


5 


6 


.9 


Kent 


1,202 


702 


—89 





1,890 


—70 


55 


60 


4 


6 


8 


.6 


Montgomery 


13,935 


1,853 


-f- 1,234 


—29 


16,209 


+ 1,396 


211 


115 




5 


6 


.2 


Prince George's ... 


15,820 


3,748 


+ 986 


+ 174 


20,312 


+ 1,572 


203 


206 


1 


3 


5 


.5 


Queen Anne's 


1,494 


624 


—82 


—128 


2,128 


—196 


27 


9 


1 


8 


1 


.4 


St. Mary's 


2,445 


1,135 


+ 130 


—32 


3,600 


+ 106 


127 


125 


5 


2 


11 


.0 


Somerset 


1,775 


1,276 


—154 


—68 


2,965 


—256 


116 


80 


6 


5 


6 


.3 


Talbot 


1,638 


864 


—79 


—12 


2,479 


—87 


48 


67 


2 


9 


7 


.8 


Washington 


10,476 


230 


—691 


—12 


10.662 


—557 


422 


10 


4 





4 


.3 




3,383 


1,290 


—229 


—34 


4,563 


—212 


186 


66 


5 


5 


5 


.1 




1,855 


1,316 


—161 


—160 


3,130 


—276 


78 


114 


4 


2 


8 


.7 


Baltimore City .... 
Entire State 


85,131 


25,353 


—1,461 


—830 


108,726 


—3,280 














224,854 


51,765 


+ 1,663 


—973 


276,833 


+ 1,904 





















1944 School Census in Maryland 



17 



TABLE 4 

Number and Percent of Maryland County Children Enumerated of Ages 7-15 
Years inclusive, in Public, Private and Parochial Schools, and 
No School, November, 1944 





Number 


Percent 






In Pri- 






In Pri- 




County 


In 


vate and 1 In 




In 


vate and 


In 




Public 


Parochial 1 No 


Total 


Public 


Parochial 


No 




School 


School School 




School 


School 


School 



White Children 



Total End AvGr3.g6t 






















1938 ... 


116,434 


12,128 


5,414 


133,976 


86 


9 


9 


1 


4 





1942 


119,499 


12,400 


4,700 


136,599 


87 


5 


9 


1 


3 


4 


1944 _ 


120,771 


14.505 


4,447 


139,723 


86 


4 


10 


4 


3 


2 


Prince George's 


14,506 


1,111 


203 


15,820 


91 


7 


7 


.0 


1 


3 




11,327 


?,397 


211 


13,935 


81 


3 


17 


2 


1 


5 


1,454 


13 


27 


1,494 


97 


3 




9 


1 


8 


\nne Arundel 


8,046 


759 


234 


9,039 


89 





8 


4 


2 


6 


\ilegany 


11,560 


2,083 


380 


14,023 


82 


4 


14 


9 


2 


7 


Baltimore 


20,735 


4,240 


731 


25,706 


80 




16 


5 


2 


8 
9 


Charles 


1,769 


341 


62 


2,172 


31 


4 


15 


7 


2 


falbot..... 


1,548 


42 


48 


1,638 


94 


5 


2 


6 


2 


9 


Cecil 


3,780 


444 


149 


4,373 


86 


4 


10 


2 


3 


4 


Harford. 


4,899 


241 


187 


5,327 


92 





4 


5 


3 


5 


Howard 


2,372 


372 


100 


2,844 


83 


4 


13 


1 


3 


5 


Dorchester 


2,447 


11 


94 


2,552 


95 


9 




4 


3 


7 


Garrett — 


3,685 


93 


148 


3,926 


93 


8 


2 


4 


3 


8 


Caroline 


1,854 


15 


76 


1,945 


95 


3 




8 


3 


9 


Washington 


9,717 


337 


422 


10,476 


92 


8 


3 


2 


4 





•Worcester 


1,767 


10 


78 


1,855 


95 


3 




5 


4 


2 


Carroll 


4,725 


189 


217 


5,131 


92 


1 


3 


7 


4 


2 
6 


Kent --. 


1,118 


29 


55 


1,202 


93 





2 


4 


4 


Calvert 


823 


60 


45 


928 


88 


7 


6 


5 


4 


8 


St. Mary's 


1,105 


1,213 


127 


2,445 


45 


2 


49 


6 


5 


2 


Wicomico 


3,188 


9 


186 


3,383 


94 


2 




3 


5 


5 


Somerset 


1,649 


10 


116 


1,775 


92 


9 




6 


6 


5 




6,697 


486 


551 


7,734 


86 


6 


6 


3 


7 


1 



Colored Children 



Total and Average: 

1938. 

1942.. - 

1944 

Queen Anne's 

Allegany 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Caroline 

Prince George's 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Anne Arundel 

Montgomery 

Harford. 

Somerset.. 

Dorchester 

Carroll 

Howard 

Talbot 

Kent *- - 

Worcester 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Charles — 

St. Mary's-- 



*24,505 


658 


23,821 


653 


23,934 


687 


615 




163 


1 


220 




1,222 


2 


555 




3,449 


93 


2,121 


14 


1,068 


3 


2,992 


76 


1,734 


4 


763 


4 


1,196 




1,096 


4 


271 




625 


66 


790 


7 


642 




1,200 


2 


314 


1 


696 


11 


1,461 


130 


741 


269 



*2,537 


**27,700 


*88 


2,081 


26,555 


89 


1,791 


26,412 


90 


9 


624 


98 


7 


171 


95 


10 


230 


95 


66 


1,290 


94 


30 


585 


94 


206 


3,748 


92 


126 


2.261 


93 


70 


1,141 


93 


203 


3,271 


91 


115 


1,853 


93 


51 


818 


93 


80 


1,276 


93 


74 


1,174 


93 


20 


291 


93 


51 


742 


84 


, 67 


864 


91 


60 


702 


91 


114 


1,316 


91 


34 


349 


90 


83 


790 


i 88 


190 


1,781 


82 


125 


1,135 


65 



5 


2 


.4 


*9.1 


7 


2 


5 


7.8 


6 


2 


6 


6.8 


6 






1.4 


3 




6 


4.1 


7 






4.3 


7 




.2 


5.1 


9 






5.1 





2 


5 


5.5 


8 




6 


5.6 


6 




3 


6.1 


5 


2 


3 


6.2 


6 




2 


6.2 


3 




5 


6.2 


7 






6.3 


4 




3 


6.3 


1 






6.9 


2 


8 


9 


6.9 


4 




8 


7.8 


5 






8.5 


2 




1 


8.7 







.3 


9.7 


1 


1 


4 


10.5 





7 


3 


10.7 




23 


7 


11.0 



* Represents one child in Garrett County. 



18 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 5 

Non-School Attendants of Ages 7-15 Years Enumerated in 23 Maryland Counties 
Distributed According to Employment, Handicap, and Age Group, 
November, 1944 



Children of Ages 7-15 Years Not In School 



County 


Employed 


Not Employed 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 




7 13 
Years 


14-15 
Years 


7-13 
Years 


14-15 
Years 


7-13 
Years 


14-15 
Years 


7-13 
Years 


14-15 
Years 



White Children 



Tntal IQ^fi 


180 


3 451 


291 


1 893 


368 


163 


203 


126 


1940 


82 


2^095 


168 


l!206 


266 


164 


196 


112 


1942 


124 


2,941 


164 


831 


256 


144 


149 


91 


1944 


117 


2,870 


159 


682 


t281 


115 


153 


70 


Allegany 


2 


206 


15 


110 


22 


13 


7 


5 


Anne Arundel 


5 


129 


16 


44 


15 


7 


13 


5 


Baltimore 


10 


452 


24 


136 


60 


18 


19 


12 


Calvert 


2 


36 


1 


3 


2 


1 






Caroline 




66 


1 


2 


4 


2 


1 


Carroll 


5 


187 




2 


10 


3 


5 


5 


Cecil 


3 


59 


27 


35 


no 


5 


7 


3 


Charles 


3 


28 


8 


16 


3 


it 


2 




Dorchester 


1 


63 


3 


17 


3 


1 


3 


3 


Frederick 


50 


386 


1 


74 


20 


6 


13 


1 


Garrett 




79 




37 


15 


7 


6 


4 


Harford 


4 


111 


9 


39 


8 


5 


9 


2 


Howard 


1 


41 


8 


25 


10 


8 


7 




Kent 


48 


4 


1 


2 




Montgomery... 


1 


127 


29 


16 


12 


8 


14 


4 


Prince George's 




140 




6 


34 


9 


12 


2 


Queen Anne's 




25 






1 




1 




St. Mary's „. 


10 


76 


~i" 


l'6"' 


11 


3 


5 


4 


Somerset 


13 


62 


9 


22 


5 




5 




Talbot 


3 


33 


5 


3 






4 


Washington 


4 


301 


6 


61 


20 


9 


12 


9 






158' 




10 


4 


6 


5 


3 






57 






5 


3 


4 


3 



















Colored Children 



Total 1938 


90 


1,153 
1,026 
1,301 
1,201 

6 


295 


781 


105 


39 


52 


22 


1940 


64 


202 


569 


72 


40 


54 


L3 


1942 


88 


190 


280 


93 


44 


53 


32 


1944 


81 


81 


204 


104 


48 


52 


20 


Allegany 


1 














Anne Anmdel... 


11 


109 


21 


35 


14 


3 


6 


4 


Baltimore 


2 


83 


4 


14 


8 


6 


7 


2 




54 




8 


5 


3 






Caroline 




22 




5 


1 


2 




Carroll 


1 


15 




2" 


2 








Cecil 


2 


16 
99 


"""""7" 


9 












25 


LO 


30 


9 


2 


4 


1 


Dorchester 


6 


44 




16 


4 


2 


2 






58 




12 


6 


5 


2 




Harford 


1 


• 35 


7 ' 


6 


1 


1 








1 


42 


3 


2 


1 


2 






Kent 


56 
63 










1 


1 




14 


7 


14 


8 


3 


4 


2 




1 


154 


3 


3 


22 


9 


11 


3 






8 












1 


St. Mary's 


6 


92 


4 


15 


6 


2 






Somerset 


2 


44 


4 


19 


4 


3 


2 


2 


Talbot 


8 


46 


1 


3 


3 




4 


2 






9 












1 






50 




6 


3 


2 


5 








96 




10 


3 


2 


2 


1 





















t Includes one 13-year old girl who is both physically and mentally handicapped. 



1944 School Census in Maryland Counties 



19 



TABLE 6 — Physically and Mentally Handicapped School Attendants of Ages 
7-15 Years Enumerated in 23 Maryland Counties 



County 



Total 1942.. 

1944 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel... 
Baltimore.... 

Calvert. 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot. ;;; 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



White Children 
of Ages 7-15 Years in School 



Physically 
Handicapped 



Mentally 
Handicapped 



773 


123 


668 


119 


81 


7 


49 


1^ 


117 


21 . 




1 


9 




46 
17 


8 
2 


8 


4 


19 


6 


36 


2 


34 


9 


38 


2 


12 


5 


18 




14 


4 


31 


7 


. 4 




29 


2 


6 
10 


3 
3 


71 


11 


11 


5 


6 


4 



Colored Children 
of Ages 7-15 Years in School 



Physically 
Handicapped 



168 
133 

1 
7 
12 
4 



TABLE 7— Status of Youth of Ages 14-20 Years, Inclusive, Enumerated in 23 
Maryland Counties, November, 1944 









Percent of Total Number of Ages 14-20 Years Inclusive 




Total 
Number 


Not Employed 










Ages 


Ages 14-20 
Years 


Not 
Handicapped 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 


Employed 


In School 




Boys 


Girls 


Boys 1 Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girh 



White 



Total and 




































Average 


51,209 


48,502 


1 


8 


9 


3 


aab .5 


c .5 


c .3 


.2 


58 


7 


39 


9 


40 


7 


50.1 


14 


7,994 


7,625 




9 


1 


9 


.4 


.3 


.3 


.1 


6 


6 


3 


6 


91 


8 


94.1 


15 


7,503 


7,466 


2 


1 


4 


1 


.4 


.4 


.3 


.2 


18 


4 


9 


1 


78 


8 


88. L 


16 


7,756 


7,598 


1 


9 


6 


8 


a. 5 


.4 


.3 


.3 


39 


9 


24 


4 


57 


4 


68.1 


17 


7,474 


7,304 


2 


6 


10 


3 


.5 


c.6 


2 


.3 


66 


2 


47 


8 


30 


5 


41 .0 


18 


7,071 


6,717 


1 


9 


12 


4 


b.7 


.4 


c!3 


.3 


90 


3 


66 


5 


6 


8 


20.4 


19 


7,071 


6,266 


1 


3 


16 





a. 6 


.4 


.2 


.2 


94 


1 


71 


7 


3 


8 


11 .7 


20 


6,340 


5,526 


1 


6 


17 


8 


.4 


.7 


.3 


.3 


95 


7 


73 


9 


2 





7.3 



Colored 



Total and 
































Average 


9,458 


9,099 


3.4 


11 


.2 


.7 


.7 


.4 


.3 


64 


.6 


47.3 


30 


9 


40.5 


14 


1,502 


1,514 


1.8 


3 





.8 


.7 


.3 


.3 


16 


5 


9.5 


80 


6 


86.5 


15 


1,487 


1,415 


2.7 


6 


4 


.9 


.9 


. 5 


.3 


35 





20.4 


60 


9 


72.0 


16 


1,436 


1,437 


4.2 


10 


4 


.8 


1 .0 


.4 


.1 


60 


8 


37.7 


33 


8 


50.8 


17 


1,315 


1,311 


3.1 


15 






.8 


.5 


.5 


79 


3 


56.2 


16 


1 


27.4 


18 


1,351 


1,239 


4.0 


14 


I 


:? 


.7 


.4 


.3 


89 


1 


73.4 


5 


8 


11.6 


19 


1,253 


1,101 


4.6 


14 


4 


.4 


.4 


.2 


.3 


93 


3 


77.7 


1 


5 


7.2 


20 


1,114 


1,082 


3.7 


18 


5 


.5 


.8 


.4 


.3 


94 


3 


76.8 


1 


1 


3.6 



a Includes two boys physically handicapped who are employed, 
b Includes three boys physically handicapped who are employed, 
c Includes one handicapped who is employed. 



20 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 8 

Distribution of Youth of Ages 16-20 Years Inclusive Enumerated in 23 Maryland 
Counties, November, 1944 



County 


Total 
Number 
Ages 16-20 
Years 


Percent of Total Number of Ages 16-20 Years Inclusive 


Not Employed 


Employed 


In School 


Not 
Handicapped 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girh 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 



White Youth 



Total and 












































Average .... 


35,712 


33,411 


1 


9 


12 


3 


ab 


.5 


b 


.5 


b 


.3 


.3 


76 


.0 


55 


.0 


21 


3 


31 


9 


Allegany 


4,239 


4,019 


2 


1 


11 


9 




.5 




.5 




.2 


.2 


76 


2 


53 


4 


21 





34 





Anne Arundel 


1,573 


1,410 


1 


4 




7 


1 


.1 




.4 




3 


.2 


71 


4 


52 


8 


25 


8 


33 


9 


Baltimore 


6,153 


5,885 


1 


9 


10 


5 


a 


.6 




.4 


b 


.3 


.2 


76 


2 


60 


3 


21 





28 


6 


Calvert... 


196 


195 


1 





23 


1 




.5 




5 








82 


7 


46 


7 


15 


8 


29 


7 


Caroline 


615 


570 


3 


8 


4 




.5 




.4 




2 




83 


6 


64 





15 


4 


27 


2 


Carroll 


1,589 


1,502 


1 




9 


5 


1 


.3 




.9 




3 


.5 


81 


9 


64 


3 


15 


4 


24 


8 


Cecil... 




1,275 


3 





13 


6 




.3 




2 




4 


.3 


79 


5 


62 


7 


16 


8 


23 


2 


Charles 


519 


539 


4 


2 


22 


1 




.2 




.9 




8 


.4 


78 


4 


46 


9 


16 


4 


29 


7 


Dorchester.... 


862 


818 


1 


3 


18 


7 


1 


.4 


1 






5 


.6 


83 


5 


56 


7 


13 


3 


22 


8 


Frederick 


2,224 


2,026 


2 


5 


14 


7 




.5 




.4 




2 


.1 


80 


5 


58 


4 


16 


3 


26 


4 


Garrett 


1,118 


1,002 


4 


3 


14 


1 




.4 




3 




3 


.6 


76 


9 


55 


5 


18 


1 


29 


5 


Harford 


1,355 


1,283 




7 


12 


9 




.4 




.8 




2 


.5 


82 


1 


58 


1 


16 


6 


27 


7 


Howard 


695 


645 


1 


3 


15 


4 


b 


.8 


b 


3 






.3 


82 


9 


61 


4 


15 





22 


6 


Kent. 


393 


367 




8 


30 


8 




.3 








2 


.5 


77 


6 


36 





21 


1 


32 


7 


Montgomery 
Pr. George's. 


3,008 


2,906 


2 


.4 


9 


5 




.4 




.4 




4 


.2 


56 


2 


30 


5 


40 


6 



59 


4 


3,325 


k,,865 




.5 


1 


1 




.1 




.3 




1 


.2 


73 


3 


64 


6 


26 


33 


8 


Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's ... 


452 


372 












.4 




.3 








83 





58 


9 


16 


6 


40 


8 


639 


551 


2 


.3 


16 


5 




.6 




.7 




5 


.5 


80 


8 


53 


4 


15 


8 


28 


9 


Somerset 


565 


470 


3 


.4 


23 


.2 




.2 




.6 


1 


1 


.4 


81 


9 


54 


7 


13 


4 


21 


1 


Talbot 


466 


501 






27 


9 












4 


.8 


80 


3 


43 


1 


19 


3 


28 


2 


Washington 
Wicomico 


2,761 


2,617 


3 


.2 


17 


.6 




.6 




.7 




1 


.2 


75 


7 


49 


4 


20 


4 


32 


1 


1,108 


1,021 




.9 


11 


.4 




.2 




.3 




.3 


.4 


81 


.7 


64 


9 


16 


9 


23 





Worcester 


636 


572 




.6 


17 


.5 




.3 




.7 




.5 




83 


8 


57 


5 


14 


8 


24 


3 



Coi,ORED Youth 



Total and 






































12 




21 




Average ... 


6,469 


6,170 


3 


9 


14 


3 




.7 




7 




.4 




3 


82 


5 


62 


8 


5 


9 


Allegany 


57 


63 










1 


.7 










1 


6 


82 


5 


69 


8 


15 


8 


28 


6 


Anne Arundel 


710 


713 


12 


5 


24 


8 


.3 




4 




6 






72 


9 


52 





13 


7 


22 


8 


Baltimore 


471 


435 


2 


5 


13 


8 




.2 




9 




4 




9 


80 


1 


57 


5 


16 


8 


26 


9 


Calvert.. 


232 


233 






23 


6 


1 


.3 




4 




4 




4 


90 


1 


5b 





8 


2 


20 


6 


Caroline 

Carroll 


172 


179 
96 




16 


2 






1 


1 




.6 






80 


8 


66 


5 


18 


6 


16 


2 


95 


3 


2 


19 


8 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 





81 





57 


3 


11 


6 


20 


8 


Cecil. 


94 


91 


13 
6 


9 


24 


2 






1 


1 










80 


9 


50 


5 


5 


3 


24 


2 


Charles 


395 


367 


1 


15 







5 




.2 




.5 


86 


1 


64 


6 


7 


1 


19 


9 


Dorchester.... 


412 


356 


1 


2 


12 


1 


1 





2 


5 




.7 




6 


82 





68 


8 


15 


1 


16 





Frederick 


231 


219 


4 


3 


21 


4 


2 


2 


2 


3 




.4 






83 


6 


63 


5 


9 


5 


12 


8 


Harford 


204 


202 


7 


3 


14 


woo 








5 










75 


5 


69 


9 


17 


2 


24 


8 


Howard 


188 


145 


2 


7 


10 




.5 


2 


1 






.7 


83 





65 


5 


13 


8 


21 


4 


Kent 


192 


168 


1 


6 


27 


4 


1 







6 


2 


.6 


1 


.8 


76 


6 


51 


8 


18 


2 


18 


4 


Montgomery 
Pr. George's. 


437 


401 


5 


5 


21 


9 




.5 




3 




.2 




.5 


80 


3 


48 


4 


13 


5 


28 


9 


826 


792 




8 


3 


1 


1 


.0 




5 




.2 




.1 


87 


3 


74 


6 


10 


7 


21 


7 


Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's ... 


170 


148 


























84 


7 


63 


5 


15 


3 


35 


8 


335 


321 


5 


6 


12 


5 


1 


.5 


1 


2 




.3 






87 


2 


71 


7 


5 


4 


14 


6 


Somerset 


266 


244 


6 





18 


9 




.4 




4 










72 


6 


50 


8 


21 





29 


9 


Talbot 


210 


235 




5 


15 


7 




.5 




4 










88 


1 


57 


9 


10 


9 


26 





Washington 
Wicomico .. 


6? 


60 


1 


6 


18 


3 


















91 


9 


63 


3 


6 


5 


18 


4 


348 


355 


6 


5 


.1 




.9 




3 






82 


7 


67 


3 


15 


8 


27 


3 


Worcester 


362 


347 


1 


4 


5 


.2 




.3 




.3 


.3 




93 


.3 


84 


1 


4 


7 


10 


4 



a Includes six handicapped who are employed, 
b Includes one handicapped who is employed. 



Census of County Youth; Length of School Session 21 
TABLE 9 — Opening and Closing Dates Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 



Allegany ^. . . 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's.... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



Baltimore City. 



Date of Closing Schools in 1945 



Date of OpGning 
Scliools in 


For 
Schools 


For 
xxigii ocnooLS 


7 


June 15 


«i une xo 


5 




June 8 


11 


June 22 


June 22 


7 






6 


May 31 


May 31 


11 


Tiinp 1 2 


June 12 


13 


June 8 




11 


June 8 


June 8 


13 


June 8 


June 8 


6 


June 8 


June 8 


5 


June 8 


June 8 


11 


Jun.6 15 


June 15 


6 


June 8 


June 8 


6 


June 1 


June 1 


11 


June 15 


June 15 


8 


June 6* 


June 6» 


6 


May 30 


May 30 


11 


June 8 


June 7 


6 


May 31 


May 31 


7 


June 1 


June 1 


6 


June 8 


June 8 


5 


May 29 


May 29 


5 


May 29 


May 29 


7 


June 20 


June 20 



* Date of graduation in elementary schools was June 8, in high schools, June 7. 



TABLE 10 — ^Number of County Schools in Session Fewer than 180 Days 
Year Ending June 30, 1945 





For All Counties By Year — 
Schools 




For 1945 By County- 
Schools 




Yeab 


Total 
No. 


Having 

One 
Teacher 


Having 
More 
Than One 
Teacher 


County 


Total 
No. 


Having 

One 
Teacher 


Larger 

Ele- 
mentary 
Schools 


High 
Schools 



Schools fob White Pupils 



1926.. 
1930.. 
1935.. 
1942.. 
1943.. 
1944.. 
1945.. 



124 


109 


15 


28 


22 


6 


33 


18 


15 


12 


6 


6 


12 


7 


5 


8 


4 


4 


24 


13 


11 









Anne Arundel 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Pr. George's... 



1 




al 


1 

2 




ci" 


1 


el 




fl5 


11 


4 


1 


gl 




1 




hi 


2 




cl 



cl 



Schools for Colored Pupils 



1941.. 
1942.. 
1943.. 
1944.. 
1945 



12 


11 


1 


6 


6 




4 




4 


5 


"5 




13 


9 


4 



Anne Arundel 

Calvert 

Charles 

Harford 

Pr. George's... 



i4 


2 


j3 


3 


k3 


2 


1 


cl 


m2 


1 



a — 178.6 days. b — 165.1 days because teachers could not be obtained early in the year, 
c — 179 days. d — 172 days. e — 177 days. 

f — One school 139 days, because of bad roads and poor living conditions for teacher, one .168 days, 
becaxise of impassable roads due to heavy snow, one 172 days, one 174 days, and eleven 
between 175 and 179 days. 

ff— 179.5 days. h— 179.8 days. 

I— One school 179.3 days, one 179 days, two 179.9 days. 

j — One school 167 days, opened late, one 178 days, one 179 days. 

k — One school 172 days, two 174 days. m — One school 174 days, one 177 days. 



22 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 11 

Recorded and Resident Birth Rates Per 1,000 White and Colored Population 

Reported hy Bureau of Vital Statistics, Maryland State Department of Health 







Recorded Birth 


Rates 




Resident Birth Rates* 


County 


1920 


1930 


1935 


1940 


1943 


1944 


1935 


1940 


1943 


1944 



White 



County Average 


23.5 


17 


4 


14 


.3 


13 


.4 


16 


.1 


16 





17.0 


18.7 


24 


5 


23.8 


Allegany 


27.1 


22 


2 


20 


.4 


22 


.7 


24 


9 


23 


8 


19.5 


20.0 


22 





20.8 


Anne Arundel 


20.2 


14 


4 


13 


.8 


11 


.3 


17 


7 


17 


5 


16.9 


16.9 


26 


9 


25.3 




21.5 


13 


9 


8 


1 


6 


4 


7 


4 


5 


5 


14.5 


18.8 


27 


9 


25.8 




26.6 


22 


2 


19 


8 


21 


2 


23 


7 


18 
9 


1 


20.6 


21.2 


24 


4 


20.6 


Caroline .. 


23.1 


16 


5 


16 


6 


15 


4 


19 


5 


9 


19.5 


17.4 


21 





20.6 


Carroll 


22.1 


15 


1 


13 





10 


6 


10 


7 


7 


5 


16.5 


17.4 


20 


6 


16.8 


Cecil 


22.4 


19 


9 


15 


7 


16 


1 


21 


2 


21 


5 


17.7 


18.4 


24 


8 


21.9 


Charles 


23.6 


20 


1 


17 


2 


17 


1 


24 


1 


23 


5 


23.2 


20.1 


29 


5 


29.2 


Dorch ester 


26.9 


19 


2 


15 


5 


14 


6 


17 


8 


18 


6 


15.3 


15.2 


18 





18.4 


Frederick 


25.0 


20 


2 


17 


6 


17 


3 


23 


5 


22 


9 


17.2 


16.9 


21 


4 


20.6 


Garrett 


28.4 


24 


2 


24 


3 


21 


1 


20 


7 


17 


3 


25.8 


24.1 


25 


7 


25.0 




18.6 


17 


8 


14 





13 


1 


24 


6 


27 


6 


16.7 


18.3 


27 


3 


27.9 


Howard 


22.8 


14 


9 


13 


9 


11 


5 


11 


3 


9 


4 


19.1 


21.2 


23 


5 


22.9 


Kent 


21.5 


12 


6 


11 


8 


16 


1 


18 


6 


27 


2 


12.6 


17.7 


16 


5 


23.0 


Montgomery „ 


20.9 


13 


6 


14 


9 


11 


5 


13 


2 


15 


9 


18.7 


20.7 


25 


5 


26.4 


Prince George's 


20.9 


11 


4 


7 


5 


4 


5 


9 


5 


10 


6 


19.2 


19.3 


28 


4 


26 3 


Queen Anne's 


21.1 


18 


1 


13 


1 


11 


3 


9 





9 


1 


14.6 


15.3 


19 


8 


19.9 




26.8 


26 


7 


25 


8 


24 


2 


25 





34 


6 


25.5 


24.6 


26 


6 


32.1 


Somerset 


24.7 


17 


9 


14 


6 


13 


9 


13 


2 


13 





14.2 


16.5 


17 


6 


18.3 


Talbot _ 


22.0 


19 


4 


16 


9 


20 


5 


27 


4 


32 


3 


13.4 


16.5 


18 


5 


18.7 


Washington 


26.9 


20 


4 


17 


5 


18 


3 


21 


6 


21 


9 


17.7 


18.4 


21 


5 


21.7 




22.3 


18 


4 


14 





21 


8 


28 


6 


32 


2 


12.3 


17.0 


18 


8 


19.4 




20.0 


15 


7 


9 


3 


10 


7 


10 


1 


8 


5 


11.9 


14.5 


16 


8 


18.7 


Baltimore City 


25.3 


17 


6 


15 


4 


18 


1 


26 


4 


24 


6 


13.7 


14.6 


20 


6 


18.5 


Entire State^ 


24.5 


17 


5 


14 


9 


15 


6 


20 


9 


19 


9 


15.5 


16.7 


22 


7 


21.4 



Colored 



County Average 




28 


6 


23 


5 


26 


7 


19 


8 


20 


5 


18 


5 


22 


9 


24 


9 


24 


.9 


22 


6 


Allegany 




29 


3 


18 


7 


15 





25 





28 


4 


22 


9 


15 





24 


3 


26 


1 


19 


7 


Anne Arimdel 




29 


1 


25 


6 


20 


2 


19 


4 


18 


1 


16 


5 


25 


3 


27 


3 


23 


1 


20 


6 






25 


2 


15 


1 


9 


3 


8 


9 


13 


2 


8 


3 


16 


8 


22 


1 


27 





18 


2 


Calvert 




31 


8 


32 


7 


29 





27 


6 


32 





33 


1 


29 





28 





32 


6 


33 


4 


Caroline 




26 


1 


24 


5 


20 


7 


25 


9 


26 


7 


21 


2 


21 


7 


26 


4 


30 


4 


26 


6 


Carroll 




30 


5 


22 


1 


17 


4 


17 


2 


19 


5 


15 


3 


19 


7 


21 


5 


21 


1 


19 


6 


Cecil 




26 


3 


20 


4 


25 


7 


19 


6 


22 


1 


14 


2 


25 


3 


20 


9 


22 


1 


15 


3 


Charles 




35 


5 


30 


8 


29 


4 


30 


1 


30 





30 


9 


31 





35 


2 


32 


4 


35 


4 


Dorchester 




31 





22 


2 


19 


7 


22 


9 


23 


7 


23 


5 


19 


5 


22 


7 


24 


3 


23 


4 






29 


6 


26 


1 


19 


8 


24 


2 


26 


4 


25 


4 


20 


2 


24 


4 


26 


4 


25 


4 


Harford 




19 


2 


29 


1 


20 


1 


19 


3 


16 


4 


20 


5 


22 





22 


1 


17 


7 


22 


9 


Howard. .„ 




30 


3 


20 


2 


21 


3 


18 


3 


21 


1 


18 


3 


24 


4 


26 


5 


29 


1 


21 


9 


Kent 




29 





23 


.4 


19 


4 


21 


9 


24 


2 


22 


5 


20 


1 


23 


1 


25 


2 


22 


8 


Montgomery 




28 


3 


22 


7 


19 


2 


17 


3 


17 


5 


14 


8 


21 


5 


22 


6 


21 





19 


5 


Prince George's.... 




27 





21 


7 


17 


9 


10 


3 


9 


9 


8 


5 


26 


2 


26 


7 


23 


1 


21 




Queen Anne's 




22 


3 


19 


4 


18 


7 


19 


3 


15 


6 


13 


9 


18 


9 


20 


2 


18 


5 


18 


8 


St. Mary«s 




33 


3 


27 


4 


24 


5 


30 


1 


31 


3 


30 


5 


25 





31 


5 


.33 


8 


31 


3 


Somerset 




31 


2 


22 


2 


22 


2 


21 


5 


25 


5 


25 


3 


23 


4 


23 


9 


28 


I 


28 


3 


Talbot 




28 


1 


19 


8 


22 


1 


23 


6 


25 


1 


30 


8 


21 


4 


22 





21 


2 


24 


3 






19 


7 


13 


4 


12 


6 


20 


7 


17 


5 


13 


7 


13 





23 


5 


17 


5 


13 


7 






30 


9 


25 


9 


23 


9 


22 


6 


25 


5 


28 





21 


5 


20 


1 


22 


2 


23 


8 


Worcester 




26 


8 


28 


3 


23 


4 


22 


2 


24 


5 


24 


4 


24 





24 


1 


26 


3 


25 


5 


Baltimore City 




26 


1 


22 


6 


19 


5 


23 


3 


27 


6 


28 


2 


18 


5 


21 


6 


25 


9 


26 


7 


Entire State 




27 


5 


23 


1 


20 





21 


7 


24 


5 


23 


8 


20 


5 


22 


8 


25 


5 


24 


8 



* Prior to 1935, birth rates were calculated on births occurring in the indicated areas and are 
shown uhder the heading "Recorded Birth Rates." For 1935, 1940, 1943, and 1944, birth ratee 
are shown by refidence of mother, as well as according to location of birth. 



Birth Rates; Enrollment in Public and Non Public Schools 



23 



TABLE 12 — Comparison of Enrollment in Counties and Baltimore City in Public 
and Non-Public Schools, 1930 to 1945 



Year 


Total 


Public Schools 


Catholic Schools 


Non-Catholic 
Non-Public Schools 




JCounties 


Baltimore 
City 


tCounties 


Baltimore 
City 


Counties 


Baltimore 
City 


Countie? 


Baltimore 
City 



JWhite Elementary School Enrollment 



118,717 


109,159 


108,737 


121,923 


108,720 


111,370 


122,559 


107,192 


111,696 


121,857 


107,230 


110,938 


122,247 


105,173 


110,955 


121,422 


103,094 


109,638 


121,137 


100,250 


109,579 


120,719 


96,947 


109,154 


121,933 


95,401 


110,021 


124,973 


94,438 


112,294 


128,436 


94,780 


115,253 


129,828 


94,497 


115.586 


131,549 


92,309 


*116,611 



78,133 
76,949 
74,818 
75,316 
73,452 
71,392 
63,863 
66,896 
65,732 
65,123 
65,904 
65,708 
*62,969 



8,722 
9,321 
9,622 
9,698 
9,785 
9,933 
9,823 
9,823 
10,082 
10,643 
11,059 
11,797 
tl2,162 



29,002 
29,954 
30,735 
30,171 
29,817 
29,384 
29,090 
27,947 
27,371 
26,703 
26,104 
26,010 
t26,322 



1,258 
1,232 
1,241 
1,221 
1,507 
1,853 
1,735 
1,737 
1,830 
2,036 
2,124 
2,445 
t2,776 



White High and Vocational School Enrollment 



27,893 


18,167 


24,760 


31,775 


21,560 


28,547 


34,823 


24,679 


31,786 


36,249 


25,438 


33,111 


37,313 


25,365 


33,959 


38,007 


25,111 


34,415 


40,496 


26,410 


36,637 


42,273 


27,093 


38,492 


44,125 


26,784 


39,948 


44,606 


25,213 


40,155 


43,881 


24,020 


39,448 


42,089 


22,917 


37,572 


42,564 


22,980 


*37,891 



14,139 
17,173 
19,897 
20,416 
20,012 
19,712 
20,997 
21,421 
21,559 
19,916 
18,485 
17,001 
*16,583 



1,480 
1,574 
1,592 
1,587 
1,707 
1,787 
2,022 
2,083 
2,496 
2,676 
2,711 
2,924 
t3,030 



3,150 

3,553 
4,023 
4,211 
4,435 
4,562 
4,610 
4,841 
4,382 
4,419 
4,705 
5,087 
15,461 



1,653 
1,654 
1,445 
1,551 
1,647 
1,805 
1,837 
1,698 
1,681 
1,775 
1,722 
1,593 
tl,643 



+C0LORED Elementary School Enrollment 



27,367 
27,169 
26,451 
25,828 
25,221 
24,693 
24,604 
24,328 
24,114 
23,853 
23,505 
23,337 
23,825 



22,068 


26,759 


23,560 


26,558 


26,702 


25,908 


27,860 


25,328 


28,519 


24,698 


28,131 


24,133 


29,830 


24,052 


29,877 


23,809 


30,515 


23,552 


30,546 


23,244 


30,553 


22,873 


31,254 


22,736 


31,753 


*23,195 



20,643 
22,289 
25,189 
26,328 
27,038 
26,686 
28,374 
28,408 
29,112 
29,247 
29,245 
29,857 
*30,503 



582 
583 
543 
497 
523 
537 
529 
519 
562 
609 
632 
601 
1630 



1,347 
1,211 
1,392 
1,424 
1,382 
1,360 
1,367 
1,393 
1,335 
1,249 
1,253 
1,334 
1.179 



Colored High and Vocational School Enrollment 



2,099 
2,589 
2,808 
3,053 
3,547 
4,030 
4,338 
4,567 
4,818 
5,168 
5,112 
5,264 
5,218 
5,236 



2,351 


1,953 


2,335 


51 


15 


95 


1 


2,812 


2,489 


2,794 


75 


18 


25 




3,134 


2,750 


3,114 


47 


14 


11 


6 


3,199 


3,019 


3,164 




11 


34 


24 


3,211 


3,544 


3,176 




14 


3 


21 


3,322 


4,030 


3,246 




58 




18 


3,480 


4,334 


3,378 


4 


84 




18 


3,838 


4,567 


3,714 




106 




18 


4,149 


4,818 


4,033 




97 




19 


4,188 


5,168 


4,057 




112 




19 


3,941 


5,112 


3,800 




128 




13 


3,765 


5,264 


3,595 




154 




16 


3,550 
3,994 


5,192 


3,332 


26 


205 




13 


*5,236 


*3,766 




t224 




t4 



t Includes for county public schools enrollment in elementary schools of State normal schools 
or teachers colleges, and in grades 7 or grades 7-8 in junior high schools of counties and City. 

* For public school enrollment in detail by counties and Baltimore City see Table II, pages 226-7. 

t For non-public school enrollment in detail by school, county and Baltimore City, see Tables 
III-V, pages 228 to 232. 



24 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 13— Total Enrollment in Maryland Elementary Schools, 
White and Colored for Years Ending in June 1923, 1944 and 1945 



County 



Total Counties ... 

Baltimore 

Prince George's... 

Montgomery 

Allegany 

Washington 

Anne Arundel 

Frederick 

Harford 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Garrett 

Wicomico 

Howard 

Dorchester 

Charles 

Caroline 

Worcester 

Somerset 

Talbot 

St. Mary's 

Queen Anne's .... 

Kent 

Calvert 

Baltimore City .. 

Entire State 



White Elementary Schools 



Number Enrolled 



County 



1923 



^n05,772 

}:13,154 
6,421 
4,524 

tlO,985 
10,859 
4,947 
8,505 
4,290 
5,902 
3,405 
5,373 
3,986 
2,241 
3,432 
1,803 
3,025 
2,298 
3,059 
2,105 
2,117 
2,101 
1,748 
1,060 



1944 



i=U15,093 

t20,495 
13,770 
12,298 
til, 180 
10,224 
7,811 
6,154 
4,778 
4,509 
3,572 
3,378 
12,811 
2,398 
2,153 
1,742 
1,650 
1,577 
1,480 
1,^ 
1,067 
1,223 
1,085 
821 



*t79,709 *t65,708 
*tl85,481| *tl80,801 



1945 



*U16,143 

t21,215 
13,929 
12,341 
tll,225 
9,995 
7,929 
6,102 
4,659 
4,480 
3,478 
3,437 
t2,792 
2,299 
2,123 
1,858 
1,624 
1,594 
1,464 
1,396 
1,312 
1,262 
1,090 
814 

*t62,969 

*tl79,112 



Total Counties 

Prince George's 
Anne Arundel . 

Baltimore 

Montgomery ... 

Charles 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Calvert 

Somerset 

Dorchester 

Harford 

Talbot 

St. Mary's 

Kent 

Howard 

Frederick 

Caroline 

Queen Anne's.. 

Cecil 

Carroll 

Washington .... 
Allegany 



Baltimore City 
Entire State .... 



Colored Elementary Schools 



Number Enrolled 



1923 



*31,070 

2,781 
2,853 
1,942 
1,898 
1,803 
1,675 
2,088 
1,343 
2,255 
1,947 
916 
1,373 
1,404 
1,188 
848 
1,150 
1,188 
1,093 
548 
440 
377 
267 



1=115,675 
•=146,745 



1944 



^^22,624 

t3,066 
J2,927 
t2,074 
tl,740 
1,420 
1,119 
1,103 
1,078 
1,148 
1,044 
761 
779 
701 
584 
578 
666 
559 
521 
338 
255 
215 
181 



''t29,857 
"152,481 



1945 



^t23,079 

t3,249 
t2,967 
t2,533 
tl,712 
1,471 
1,110 
1,098 
1,084 
1,069 
1,068 
821 
770 
736 
577 
671 
660 
645 
527 
351 
261 
226 
184 



*t30.503 
*t53,582 



t Includes estimate of enrollment in grades 7 and 8 of junior high schools, 
t Excludes enrollment in elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 

College 1923 1944 1945 College 1923 1944 1945 

Towson 179 249 207 Bowie 112 116 

Frostburg 122 165 165 Anne Arundel 22 20 

Salisbury 79 96 Prince George's 90 96 



Enrollment in Public Elementary and High Schools 25 



TABLE 14— Total Enrollment in Last Four Years of Maryland 
High Schools for Years Ending in June 1923, 1944 and 1945 



County 



White Enrollment 
in High Schools 



1923 



1944 



County 



1945 



Colored Enrollment 
in High Schools 



1923 



1944 



1945 



Total Coimties. 

Baltimore 

Prince George's 

Allegany 

Montgomery 

Anne Arundel... 

Washington 

Frederick 

Carroll 

Harford 

Cecil „ 

Wicomico 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Howard 

Caroline 

Worcester 

Charles 

Talbot 

Somerset 

Queen Anne's ... 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Baltimore City. 

Entire State 



*14,888 

1,512 
824 

1,665 
609 
454 

1,281 

1,421 
775 
651 
514 
901 
449 
558 
284 
597 
649 
99 
437 
462 
403 
282 
23 
143 

*tll,465 

'=t26,353 



*37,572 

6,410 
3,988 
3,564 
2,976 
2,650 
2,484 
2,374 
1,703 
1,582 
1,215 
1,186 
1,108 
926 
716 
773 
732 
597 
593 
551 
484 
475 
432 
267 

*tl7,001 

*t54,573 



*37,891 

6,436 
4,240 
3,589 
2,936 
2.746 
2,671 
2,361 
1,701 
1,642 
1,245 
1,148 
1,037 
919 
709 
703 
691 
587 
576 
542 
470 
450 
411 
283 

*tl6,583 

i=t54,474 



Total Counties 

Anne Arundel . 

Wicomico 

Prince George's 

Charles 

Montgomery ... 

Dorchester 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Baltimore 

Frederick 

Talbot 

Harford 

Caroline 

Calvert 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Queen Anne's... 

Howard 

Cecil 

Carroll 

Washington 

Allegany 

Baltimore City 
Entire State 



*=447 



58 
117 



36 

tl,331 
*tl,778 



=5,192 



405 
388 
368 
282 
357 
332 
305 
317 
201 
199 
183 
160 
156 
166 
170 
156 
113 
113 
99 
60 
60 



^t3,332 
i=t8,524 



*5,236 

651 
421 
385 
324 
321 
318 
316 
308 
305 
209 
207 
199 
186 
178 
175 
168 
150 
142 
105 
92 
55 
42 



•=13,766 
'=19,002 



* Excludes duplicates. 

t Includes estimated ninth grade enrollment in junior high schools and enrollment in vocational 
■chools. 

For enrollment by counties arranged alphabetically and by type of organization, see Table II 
pajea 226 to 227. 



26 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 15 

Ratio of "Number Belonging" in High Schools to "Number Belonging" in 
Elementary and High Schools Combined, for School Year Ending in 
June 1924, 1941, 1944 and 1945 



County 



County Average. 



Worcester 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Kent 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Queen Anne's .... 

Frederick 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Somerset 

Harford 

Anne Arundel. .. 

Calvert...... 

St. Mary's 

Howard 

Charles. 

Prince George's 

Allegany 

Baltimore 

Garrett 

Washington.. 

Montgomery 



Baltimore City bj. 
Total State 



Schools for White Pupils 



1924 


1941 


1944 


al945 


13 


3 


c26 


3 


c24 


3 


c24 


2 


18 


8 


32 


2 


31 


7 


30 


4 


18 


9 


30 


3 


31 


7 


30 


1 


16 


7 


29 


2 


30 





29 


91 


15 


2 


30 


6 


30 


6 


29 


4! 


18 


7 


30 


7 


29 


9 


29 


li 


19 


9 


c29 


1 


c29 





c28 


61 


18 


3 


27 


7 


28 


3 


27 


7 


14 


9 


27 


1 


27 


5 


27 


6 


13 


7 


29 





27 


7 


27 


5 


14 


3 


30 


4 


25 


8 


26 


7 


15 


2 


28 


2 


26 


8 


26 


7 


14 


8 


27 





25 





26 


6 


blO 


2 


29 


2 


25 


9 


26 


4 


15 


5 


21 





25 


5 


26 


2 


3 





35 


6 


30 


5 


25 


3 


12 


7 


26 


5 


24 





24 


11 


5 


5 


29 


21 25 


2 


23 


9* 


11 


6 


25 


4 


22 


6 


23 


3: 


13 


.5 


bc26 


7 


bc23 


4 


bc23 


3: 


11 


.0 


c26 


4 


c24 


5 


c23 


2i 


8 


4 


24 


5 


•24 


3 


22 


7j 


11 


1 


b20 





bl9 





b20 


3 


13 


.9 


b23 


5 


bl9 


5 


bl9 


4 


12 


.1 


25 


2 


21 


5 


21 


5 


13 


.2 


c26 





c23 


3 


c23 





County 



County Average .... 



Wicomico 

Carroll 

Caroline 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Dorchester 

Kent 

Worcester 

Somerset 

Queen Anne's 

Talbot 

Harford 

Howard 

Washington 

Allegany 

St. Mary's 

Anne Arundel ... 

Charles 

Montgomery 

Calvert 

Baltimore 

Prince George's. 



Schools for Colored Pupils 



1924 1941 1944 al945 



Baltimore City bt 
Total State 



2.0 

6.0 
4.0 
2.3 



6.7 
4.7 
3.0 



1.6 
2.0 
3.0 



7.8 
11.9 



2.5 
1.8 



1.5 

9.2 
4.8 



C17.4 

25.2 
25.1 
21.9 
23.8 
19.8 
22.6 
21 .6 
20.2 
16.9 
18.8 
19.5 
18.0 
8.6 

bl7.7 
32.6 
20.1 

C12.7 
20.6 
16.8 
12.4 

tl4.0 

C14.2 



*12.3 
C14.9 



cl8.0 

27.3 
27.8 
21.7 
25.4 
22.0 
25.2 
21.9 
21.6 
21.8 
22.9 
19.4 
19.2 
15.9 

b20.2 

b25.1 
19.6 

cl6.5 
19.7 

bl2.8 
12.3 
12.9 

clO.8 



11.0 
cl4.2 



a For number belonging by types of schools arranged alphabetically, see Table VI, page 233. 
b County has 6-3-3 or 8-4 plan of organization in all or part of schools as against 7-4 or 6-5 
plan. 

c Includes pupils enrolled in elementary school (s) of State Teachers College(s) 
* Excludes Baltimore County pupils who attended high schools in Baltimore City at the expense 
of Baltimore County. 

t Vocational and ninth year of junior high schools are included with senior high schools, 
t Includes Baltimore County pupils who attended school in Baltimore City at the expense of 
Baltimore County. 



Percent in Public High Schools; Percent of Attendance ^ 27 



ii 

Se2 



iliiHi 



i liiili 



^. ^. «=. ^. 9 ^. ^. ^. ^. ^. « ^. ^. ^. ^. 



i i ! ! i i i i i : : I : i I 



iiii 



1 

i 

!! 
I 

ii 
iJ 



I 

jit 

i 



28 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 17 

Percent of Attendance in White and Colored Elementary Schools for School 
Years Ending in 1923, 1941, 1944, and 1945 





White Elementary Schools 




Colored Elementary Schoob 


County 


1923 


1941 


1944 


1945 


County 


1923 


1942 


1944 


1945 


County Average 


tsi 2 
4.o« .it 


{91 .7 


89 .6 


90 


7 


County Average .... 


76 .2 


88 


8 


J86 .3 


{87 .6 


Queen Anne's 


85.4 


92.0 


91.7 


93 


A 


Allegany 


87.4 


♦93 


5 


♦92.7 


♦93.1 


Talbot 


85.8 


t90.9 
90.7 


t90.6 
92.2 


t92 
92 


8 


Queen Anne's 


73.1 


93 


5 


93.4 


92.9 


Dorchester 


81.2 


3 


Talbot 


84.3 


91 


4 


89.4 


92.2 


Calvert 


79.9 


91.6 


89.9 


92 


2 


Washington 


81.7 


♦92 


8 


♦90.5 


♦91.2 


Frederick 


83.6 


92.4 


91.9 


92 


2 


Wicomico 


84.4 


92 


6 


90.9 


90.7 


Allegany 


t88.9 


*t93.3 


n92.3 


*i92 


1 


Caroline 


76.4 


91 


2 


89.5 


89.9 


Prince George's - 
Carroll 


84.9 
79.4 


92.8 
t92.5 
92.5 


a90.1 
t90.4 
91.6 


a92 
t91 



6 


Dorchester 

Prince George's 


74.2 
76.4 


88 
191 
90 


5 
1 


90.3 
{87.6 


89.7 
{89.6 


Kent 


86.7 


91 


1 


Kent 


73.4 


2 


87.5 


89.4 


Wicomico 


86.5 


{91.0 
t90.4 
89.3 


J90.3 
t91.3 
88.3 


t90 
t90 
90 


7 


Frederick 


84.6 


90 


8 


89.4 


89.3 


Caroline 


86.5 


6 


Somerset 


80.5 


91 


3 


86.3 


88.6 


Charles 


79.5 


3 


Anne Arundel 


71.2 


{90 
86 


6 


{87.9 


{88.4 


Washington 


84.9 


♦92.8 


*90.7 


*90 


3 


Harford 


79.9 


4 


84.2 


87.7 


St. Mary's 


74.5 


91.6 


88.0 


t90 
90 


St. Mary's 


62.9 


85 


4 


78.9 


86.8 


Worcester 


83.5 


t89.8 
91 .4 


88.2 


\ 


Baltimore 


75.4 


t88 
88 


6 


t85.7 


t86.5 


Anne Arundel 


84.5 


89.2 


90 





Cecil 


74.4 


9 


85.9 


85.8 


Howard 


84.0 


89.9 


88.3 


90 





Montgomery 


80.8 


87 


9 


♦85.6 


*85.2 


Somerset 


83.3 


91.6 


90.7 


90 





Howard 


71.0 


86 


4 


84.5 


85.1 


Montgomery 


81.9 


*90.2 


♦86.9 


*89 


8 


Carroll 


72.0 


t84 


9 


t85.9 


t83.8 


Baltimore 


t84.0 
84.5 


n91.5 
t89.4 
91.1 


n88.4 
t87.2 
90.2 


tt89 
t89 
89 


7 


Calvert 


65.3 


82 


.3 


80.9 


83.2 


Harford 






80.1 


t84 


.5 


t80.5 


t82.7 


Garrett 


83.9 


\ 


Charles 


66.8 


82 


.6 


81.1 


82.4 


Cecil _ 


84.8 


89.9 


86.5 


88 
















Baltimore City 


89.6 


*90.3 


*86.7 


♦88 


.5 




87.0 


♦88 


.3 


♦86.7 


♦87.5 


Total State 


86.4 


91.2 


88.6 


89 


.9 




79.9 


88 


.5 


86.6 


87.5 





















t Excludes percent of attendance in elementary school (s) of State teachers college (s): 
State Teachers 1923 1941 1944 1945 State Teachers 1923 1942 1944 1945 

College College „ ^ 

Frostburg 92.2 94.8 95.0 91.7 Bowie 93.6 92.0 84.6 

To^3on 87.4 91.1 90.4 91.7 Anne Arundel 86.9 90.5 75.9 

Salisbury 93.0 90.6 91.2 Pr. George's 95.4 92.3 86.5 

♦ Includes junior high school (s), grades 7-8. 

{ Includes junior high school (s), grade 7, 

a Includes junior high grades 7 and 8 in one school only. 



Percent and Index of Attendance in County Elementary Schools 29 



TABLE 18 

An Index of School Attendance in County Elementary Schools,* White and 
Colored, for School Year Ending June 30, 1945 







Percent of 


Rank in Percent of 


County 


tAttend- 
ance 


JLate 
Entrants 


aWith- 
drawals 


tAttend- 
ance 


JLate 
Entrants 


aWith- 
drawals 



White Schools 



County Average 


90.7 


5.7 


1.4 








Dorchester.. .. 


92.3 


.6 


.7 


! 3 


11 


2 


Prince George's 


92.0 


.2 


1.0 


1 


4 


5 


Frederick 


92.2 


■5 


1.0 


1 5 


8 


6 


Queen Anne's 


93.5 


1 .4 


.1 


i 1 


20 


1 


Garrett 


89.2 


.1 


.7 


22 


2 


3 


J. aiDOL 


92.8 


1.2 


1.2 


2 


18 


8 


Allegany 


92.1 


.3 


2.3 


6 


5 


20 


Charles 


90.3 


.5 


1.2 


12 


9 


10 


Calvert 


92.2 


1.3 


1.2 


4 


19 


9 


Wicomico 


90.7 


.1 


2.3 


10 


1 


21 


Carroll- . 


91.6 


.7 


1.2 


8 


13 


11 


Anne Arundel 


90.0 


.8 


.9 


16 


14 


4 


Worcester ... . . 


90.1 


.2 


1.7 


15 


3 


18 


Baltimore . 


89.7 


.3 


1.3 


20 


6 


12 


St. Mary's ... 


90.2 


.6 


1.3 


14 


10 


14 


Cecil 


88.7 


.8 


1.0 


23 


15 


7 


Montgomery 


89.8 


.7 


1.5 


19 


12 


15 


Somerset. 


90.0 


.3 


2.8 


18 


7 


23 


Washington 


90.3 


1 .0 


1.9 


13 


17 


19 


Harford 


89.6 


1.0 


1.3 


21 


16 


13 


Caroline 


90.6 


1 .7 


1.6 


11 


23 


17 


Kent 


91.1 


- 1.4 


2.4 


9 


22 


22 


Howard 


90.0 


1 .4 


1.5 


17 


21 


16 




Colored Schools 










Coimty Average 


87.6 


2.7 


1 .9 








Queen Anne's.... 


92.9 


.9 




2 


5 


1 


Washington _ 


91.2 






4 


2 


2 


Frederick 


89.3 


1.1 


1.4 


10 


6 


7 


Somerset . 


88.6 


.7 


1.4 


11 


3 


9 


Allegany 


93.1 




7.6 


1 


1 


22 


Talbot 


92.2 


3.6 


1.1 


3 


17 


4 


Wicomico. 


90.7 


.8 


2.2 


5 


4 


15 


Prince George's . . 


89.6 


1.1 


1.6 


8 


7 


10 


Anne Arundel 


88.4 


2.8 


1.1 


12 


14 


3 


Kent..... 


89.. 4 


2.9 


1.2 


9 


15 


5 


Cecil 


85.8 


1 .8 


1.3 


16 


11 


6 


Dorchester 


89.7 


2.6 


2.1 


7 


13 


14 


Harford.... 


87.7 


1 .4 


1.9 


13 


9 


13 


Caroline. 


89.9 


4.9 


1.6 


6 


19 


11 


Howard 


85.1 


1.7 


1.4 


18 


10 


8 


Baltimore 


86.5 


1.4 


2.2 


15 


8 


16 


Carroll 


83.8 


2.5 


1.8 


19 


12 


12 


Montgomery. 


85.2 


3.1 


2.4 


17 


16 


18 


St. Mary's 


86.8 


5.4 


2.6 


14 


20 


19 


Calvert 


83.2 


5.8 


2.2 


20 


21 


17 


Worcester 


82.7 


4.8 


2.8 


21 


18 


20 


Charles 


82.4 


7.1 


3.2 


•22 


22 


21 



* Excludes elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 

t For percent of attendance by counties arranged alphabetically see Table IX, page 236. 

X Late entrance for employment, indifference, or neglect. The county having the smallest per- 
centage of late entrants is ranked first. 

a Withdrawals for causes other than removal, transfer, commitment to institutions, or death. 
The covmty having the smallest percentage of withdrawals is ranked first. 



30 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 19 

Percent of Attendance in Last Four Years of Maryland High Schools for Years 
Ending June 1923, 1938, 1944, and 1945 



County 


White High Schools 


County 


Colored High Schools 


1923 


1938 


1944 


1945 


1923 


1938 


1944 


1945 


County Average 


91.9 


94.7 


91 


8 


92 


2 


County Average .... 


89.3 


93.2 


90.2 


90 


6 


Queen Anne's 


91.9 


95.2 


94 


1 


95 





Allegany 


93.5 


96.1 


96.0 


95 


3 


Wicomico 


92.3 


96.0 


94 





94 


8 


Frederick 


90.5 


95.3 


92.9 


93 


7 


Frederick 


91.5 


96.2 


94 


4 


94 


1 


Kent 


86.3 


91.6 


90.9 


93 


6 


Carroll 


88.7 


95.1 


92 


7 


93 


3 


Wicomico 


90.5 


94.6 


94.0 


93 


2 


Allegany 


94.8 


95.4 


93 


7 


93 


2 


Harford 


92.1 


91.2 


93 


1 


Somerset 


91.4 


96.0 


92 


5 


93 


1 

8 


Washington 




92.4 


92.5 


92 


4 


Howard 


89.9 


93.8 


91 





92 


Baltimore 




* 


92.1 


92 


3 


Calvert 


93.5 


94.0 


92 


3 


92 


7 


Talbot 


87.3 


90.9 


89.2 


92 


3 


Dorchester 


92.4 


95.4 


91 


7 


92 


6 


Worcester... 




95.1 


89.0 


92 





Washington 


93.1 


95.8 


93 


3 


92 


6 


Carroll 




94.1 


92.2 


91 


9 


Baltimore 


91.3 


94.6 


91 


7 


92 


1 


Queen Anne's 




94.1 


93.6 


91 


9 


Prince George's 


91.8 


95.0 


91 


4 


92 





Dorchester 


87.4 


95.2 


91.1 


91 


.0 


Talbot. 


93.2 


93.0 


91 





92 





Somerset 




91.6 


90.2 


90 


.3 


Anne Arundel..... 


92.1 


95.1 


91 





91 


7 


Prince George's 




91 .9 


89.1 


90 


.1 


Montgomery.... 


88. 9i 93.1 


90 


7 


91 


7 


Charles 


88.'4 


91.6 


87.7 


89 


.3 


Caroline 


91 2l 92.5 


90 


1 
8 


91 


4 


Calvert... 




91 .9 


90.3 


89 


.1 


Worcester.. 


91.7 


93.8 


89 


91 


4 


Caroline 


85.6 


88.1 


88.3 


88 


.9 


Kent 


90.2 


95.2 


9'0 


2 


91 


4 


Howard 


87.2 


80.5 


88 


.8 


Charles 


88.7 


94.3 


91 


4 


91 


2 


St. Marv's.. 




95.8 


83.9 


88 


.7 


Harford . 


91 .2 
86.8 


93.2 


90 





91 


2 


Anne Arundel 


88.9 


95.4 


90.5 


88 


.6 


St, Mary's.... 


93.4 


87 
88 


3 


90 


1 


Montgomery 




93.9 


90.1 


87 


.4 


Cecil.... 


92.0 


93.9 


5 


89 


8 


Cecil 




89.6 


86.6 


86 


.9 


Garrett 


90.2 


93.5 


90 


1 


89 


4 












Baltimore City t —- 


91 .5 


94.7 


91 


.3 


91 


8 


Baltimore City 


88.8 


t92.7 


90.7 


90 


.4 


Total State..... 


91.6 


94.7 


91 


6 


92 


.1 


Total State.... 


88.9 


93.0 


90.4 


90 


.5 























For attendance in 1945, for counties arranged alphabetically, see Table IX, page 236. 
* Baltimore County high school pupils attended schools in Baltimore City, 
t Includes Baltimore County pupils who attended Baltimore City high school at the ex- 
pense of Baltimore County. 

t Includes pupils in vocational schools and ninth grades in junior high schools. 



Percent of Attendance in High Schools; Enrollment By Grade 



31 



CHART 1 



NOUBER OF BOYS AND GIHLS ENROLI.F.Dt BY GRACES 
IN MAEILAND COUinY SCHOOLS, YEAE ENDING JUNE 30, 1946 



Total 
1944 
1945 



Grade 



Total 
1944 
1945 



Boys 



Girls 



1009 
1145 



57i 

5T2. 



KUTK 



$17475^ 

>18049 N.^71 V////////////^^^^^ 



14352 1 



14185 

13740 1 ^'^^^ y/////////////^/^^^^^ 



13505 1 y//////////////^^^^^ 




t Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, death and commitment to an institution. In- 
cludes pupils enrolled in elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 
X Includes enrollment in junior first grade. 

* Includes 3 boys and 8 girls in 1944 and 2 boys and 12 girls in 1945 who were post-graduates. 
X Includes 1 boy who was a post-graduate. 



32 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



O J H 

S5 < f- 

•< S 

5 o « 



G 

d 

2 

o 

X 

u 



o 
o 
a 

o 



^rHOt-«0i-l»OU3e005'Ht-00'O0>OTj<O«0t— C<l>-Ht- 

0505eoei5iM'^oo<Nt-oo'rtoot-iooo5i«r-<voi-iTitooo> 
eot-oioc^Oiei3eoo>i-H(Mooc-T}<cj0550>oa>05eot~i-i 



ooo^cc»-io 

00 (N C30 lO 

01 (N (M t> lO 



»H eg 

* * > 



IrlN CO eg 



(Mt>t-(00 05CDO(NOOiOCOlM005mo-^tO«OlMOTOO 

eoirtoot-t>5oot-'-icga50ooTft-t-;oooeo«5cocgt- 



cgoo5irto-^to«Dcgoioo 




T-H 00 



0!W^cgoococgeoooa50io«>«505«tooeooo05coo 
ix>oot-ioo3eor-(0'x>T}<o>oji-iooi>05a>t~ocg'-i05-^ 
^cj^o iH eo eg th T-( Ti4 ,-1 eg 1-1 loco rn t)< i-i i-t 



to o 
o eg 



i<cgcgoooa5a>t-'*t-toix)T-ieo-^t-«ooaioi050i 
sooioioooeoeooi-Hcocoiooocooascgcg-^to-^ 
SCO »H CO eg r-( eg u5 eo .-I -H to 00 rH i-i i-t m eg i-h 



tr^00_ 



r-ieooO'-it>oorHU5oocgiocgiooO'^i-H;DoO'-ioo>-icg 
ico>!Ot>t-->4<eJtDeocg«>ooocgeooocga5eoioegooCTs 
05ix)«) rH Ti< CO th eg ?D eg -"J" --I t> o i-H .-(— it-eg—i 



oiC£>i>coiot>ooin«5iO'^icmeoTjiTtt-'-HC~i.o«)«ocD 
oooioooocg<£>C5eoo:>t-cgeo«r>eocoeg<X)>oeoooa> 
r-ioO'-Hf-icgio-<#i-Hegt>cgiocgrH05'<s<i-i»HTHi-ia>eot-i 
T-H eg" th 



1 TJl ui (.O uO ^ «J UJ O -T «iJ O T-l O (.M 05 

>eo'^iO'^t-ooiocD;oiocoo5'Heor-(oicgcgirarHirt^ 
! th v> c- lo eg'-Ht~oooegcgoocoa)>-ir-HTj<cot— ?Dio 



I eg lo eo eg - 



( eg --H T-i .-H • 



• eg T-H CO r-f cTi 



lo 00 



eg «o eo 40 



toy30505-<j<«5!Doocgooc-'^io;OTiit>0'-i->5(egoocgt- 
t-Kn«oooeo«0'-ioc>»HooiOTfiOT-Hoo'^eooooCTj<iooo 
egoieo cgio-<4<cgcgxcomeg'-i^>o^i-iT-(,-ioeoT-H 



eo lO 
;o o O) 
1-1 eg 



ICO U3 

> OOi 

tesi 



to «D oj oi eg OS o ^ t- CO 05 o eg <u5 to ^ 05 coo^ >o eo toto 

lo o CO o 05 o o to CO 00 "-H o lo to CO 03 eg >o o coco 

i-H 05 -^^i-i '-<iOTi<egegoo'*"5cg'-H cg_to__rH i-h eg r-( ^_^co eg "^."^^ 

r-T eg" — Tr-T io"ic 



00 'S' 

to lO 

05 eg 



f o o> 00 05 eg o o5 CO c- CO 05 r}i c- ^ o eg 1-H o to CTj o 1-1 oo 

? 1-1 1~ 1-1 o 00 to 1-1 t- lo 1-1 lO to eg 00 CO to iH 00 00 05 usio 

■J cgostoi-irHio-^egegoo'^ioegi-icgt-'H^cgi-i i-^^eo i-i '^^^^ 

" ~^ _r — I — I %m lr^ 



oto Tj<rHtocoo50oi>-^'-iocoiot-otcc-t^a5to^c^tO'-i oo 

eot> cgi*'*050oo-^-»i<t-co-^05t-i-iomt>-53<c~05Tj<too oooo 

CO eg eg 05 1> eg tj< eg eg oo eg i-i eg i> i-i i-i i-i ^ o eo eg '^^'^ 

tjTtjT rH* eg' ' i-T^" --r to'to" 



Tf o 
05 t- 
lO OS 



^eocgoooiooot-t-5ooi-ii-i'a<oot-ooi-it>ootoo 

t>lC-5fi-IOOOCOt-Oi-ltOi-l03i-HOtOt>lOrHOOt-lrti-l 

coo5ooi-icgiO'«*cgcoQO'^«ocgi-ieoooi-<i-(egi-ioeocg 



co^oo__ 
in in 



otoooegeoiCi-ii-i05C--eo>0'rj<ego5irtcgmcoi-i'^t-to 
a>tooi-(meotooootooiooomooirt05tooooocoTj<05 
CO o 1-1 rH eg to (N eo 00 irt to eg 1-1 CO 05 rH 1-1 ■ • — ■ 



in m 



t-co to eg o o eg 00O5 00 eg o CO CO to lo t> 1* CO oo t- o n^i^ 

to t- 00 eg to 00 ^ in lo eg rH t- m 05 05 005 1* lo t- 0505 
eocgi^i-icgto'«i'cgeooo'<ft--eoi-H to__eg__i-i th eg i-i i-h eo eg 

thi-hco" '-'"m* oo* 



05 m 
o 

O 1-1 



cacg 
lo m 
t- 1- 



004 05 



73 

c (1);=: o 



S-SSi £ 2 g-i i I g g.S l^. 6:2 S.H § 
-< <; pQ o o o o o Q I** o W W W S pu, cy cow H t> f> i> 



-esc. • 
<u O C 01 . 



O 5 
o 2 

si 

PQ 



O — — CO 

§•.2.2^ 
« c c " 

W 3 § O 



«JeorH"5 
t^cgeo-^ 




m i 



Enrollment Distributed by Grade or Year 



33 



I 

.S 

i 



! 



i 

I 
I 

I 



! 



Colored 


i siii^iipipiiipii ||5||i 


i 


i 
1 


If" 


5,083 

f 0,loo 

41 
643 
295 
177 
181 

88 
105 
317 
314 
206 
195 
1141 
171 
308 
376 
136 
161 
311 
203 

50 
416 
303 

3,050 

1,213 
1,837 
539 




is 


> 




B 


!r 


" s 












i 






1 




lit 


22,030 
*22,770 

178 
*2,893 
2,417 
1,066 
533 
239 
324 
1,422 
1,031 
639 
793 
547 
557 
1,679 
*3,131 
486 
721 
1,035 
755 
212 
1,062 
1,050 

26,367 
22,340 
734 
3,293 






il 






1 




Si » i M H M i M MS i : : , " 1 1 


1 


o 
5 

1 
i 






1 






i 


1 






i 


! 




II .|S|?^.gS5.gS;Jg2|82Sg^gS II M M 


i. 


! 






i 














3,805 
4,173 

25 
565 
534 
205 
91 
29 
47 
273 
160 
107 
156 
88 
87 
264 
577 
97 
165 
181 
138 
27 
167 
190 

5,038 
5,038 

9,211 






i" " 1 M r= i M M M M n M : : , ^ 






M ! M i H 1 M M M i : n M : M II , 


1 






Total Counties 

1944 

1945* 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel* 

Baltimore 

Calvert ...... 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

K nt 

Montgomery ... 
Prince George's* 
Ciuccn Anne's.... 
St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Balto. Cityt .. 
Elementary 
Occupational 
Junior High 
Senior High 
Vocational . 


1 
1 



I 



i i 



f 



.:-J 

n 

'r-t 

: i 

I 



i 



34 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 2 



PERCKNT OF GRADUATES IN 1945 
COUNTY WHITE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENTS 



County 



Total and 5 
Co. Average 


,878 


Kent 


75 


Frederick 


404 


Carolines 


104 


Anne Arundel 


459 


Dor cheater 


123 


Cecil 


206 


Talbot S 


77 


Carrollt 


256 


Wicomicot 


149 


Harfordt 


245 


Prince George's! 


790 


Worcester 


85 


Garrett 


184 


Calrert 


38 


Queen Anne*s 


70 


Charles 


102 


Bonerset 


86 


Waahingtont 


525 


St. Mary'sS 


58 


aoward 


114 


Hontgomeryt 


458 


MleganytS 


478 


Baltimorett 


788 



Number 
Boys Girls 



6,462 

78 
410 
106 
474 
143 
200 

91 
271 
181 
^62 
743 

94 
196 

50 

68 
100 

75 
570 

60 
104 
527 
573 
1,084 



Percent 
Boys 



Percent 
Girls 



»3.fc ! 



125 L 



»2.3 i 



il l mm yMxr/AY/ATAyy^^^^^ 



tO.T I 



^ssm^jyxx/xxx/xxx//AxxxxAy/x/xx/^^^ 



^smmx/xx///xxx/xxxxxxxxxAYX//^^^^ 



U.3 



y////////////A 



% Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment to institution, or death, and includes 
promotions from grade 7 in counties having 6-5 plan, and from grade 8 in coimties having 6-3-3 or 
8-4 plan of organization. , , , . , ^ • • .. 

t Enrollment in elementary schools of State teachers colleges, mcluded m obtainmg percentages. 

* Enrollment in Kindergarten (s) excluded in obtaining percentage. 



Percent of Graduates in Elementary School Enrollment 35 



CHART 3 



County 

Total and 
Co. Averaget 

Cecil 

Caroline 

Washingtont 

Queen Anne's 

Frederick 

Howard 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Sooerset 

Harford 

Alleganyt 

WiCOBdCO 

Carroll 

Worcester 

Kent 

Prince George 

Uontgoneiyt 

Anne Arundelt 

Charles 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Baltinore 



PiECKNT OF GRADUATES IN 1945 CODNTT COLORE) 
EL£2CEINTARY SCHOOL ENBOLIilENTt 



Nui^er 
Boys Girls 



I PejTcent 
I Boys 



1,065 

23 
31 
11 
34 
44 
36 
68 
38 
55 
41 
13 
62 
11 
57 
25 

St 

76 
126 
53 
27 
30 
53 



1,230 
27 
45 
18 
32 
41 
33 
60 
52 
65 
49 
7 
56 
15 
57 
33 
172 



m 



w//////////xy/////x//////x//^^^^ 







Y/////X////////////////^^^^^ 



w////////////////x//y/^^^^ 



mssmKr/////////////x/^^^^^ 



^m^//////////////y///jr///x^^^^ 



UP ^^^^^^^^^^^ ^ 

1 1 mmmmmmm ^ 




X Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment to institution, or death, and includes 
promotions from grade 7 in counties having 7-4 plan and from grrade 8 in counties having 6-6 plan, 
t Enrollment in elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College included. 



36 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 22 

County White and Colored Elementary School Graduates and Non-Promotions 





Number 


tPERCENT 


Year 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 



ab*CouNTY White Elementary School Graduates 



1923 


3,200 


4,136 


7,336 


6.1 


8 


5 


7.2 


1925. 


3,705 


4,549 


8,254 


7.0 


9 


4 


8.1 


1927 


4,290 


5,059 


9,349 


8.1 


10 


3 


9.1 


1929 


4,742 


5,186 


9,928 


8.9 


10 


4 


9.6 


1931. ;.. 


4,757 


5,156 


9,913 


8.7 


10 


2 


9.4 


1933 


5,121 


5,653 


10,774 


9.1 


10 


9 


10.0 


1935..... 


5,190 


5,719 


10,909 


9.3 


11 


1 


10.1 


1937... 


5,292 


5,703 


10,995 


9.6 


11 


2 


10.4 


1939 


5,845 


6,080 


11,925 


10.6 


12 





11.3 


1941 


5,845 


6,423 


12,268 


10.7 


12 


6 


11.6 


X1943 


5,765 


6,367 


12,132 


10.2 


12 


2 


11.2 


1944 


5,779 


6,363 


12,142 


10.2 


12 


2 


11.2 


1945 


5,878 


6,462 


12,340 


10.2 


12 


3 


11.2 



b County Colored Elementary School Graduates 



1923 


350 


637 


987 




3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


1925 


487 


705 


1,192 




4 


5 





4 


2 


1927 


542 


909 


1,451 







6 


8 


5 


4 


1929 


733 


1,077 


1,810 


5 


5 


8 


4 


6 


9 


1931 


884 


1,101 


1,985 


6 


7 


8 


6 


7 


6 


1933 


805 


1,105 


1,910 


6 


1 


8 


6 


7 


4 


1935 


874 


1,190 


2,064 


6 


9 


9 


7 


8 


2 


1937 


793 


1,130 


1,923 


6 


5 


9 


7 


8 


1 


1939 


909 


1,100 


2,009 


7 


6 


9 


6 


8 


6 


1941 


881 


1,134 


2,015 


7 


5 


10 


2 


8 


8 


1943 


• 920 


1,223 


2,143 


8 




11 


2 


9 


6 


1944 


844 


1,102 


1,946 


7 


6 


10 


2 


8 


9 


1945 


1,065 


1,230 


2,295 


9 


1 


11 





10 


1 



*tCouNTY White Elementary School Pupils Not Promoted 



1923 


13,435 


8,586 


22,021 


25 


6 


17 


5 


21 


7 


1925 


10,673 


6,336 


17,009 


20 


2 


13 





16 


8 


1927 


9,954 


6,134 


16,088 


18 


7 


12 


4 


15 


6 


1929 . 


9,147 


5,609 


14,756 


17 




11 


3 


14 


3 


1931 


9,231 


5,293 


14,524 


16 


8 


10 


4 


13 


7 


1933 


10,503 


6,244 


16,747 


18 


6 


12 





15 


4 


1935 


9,283 


5,447 


14,730 


16 


5 


10 


5 


13 


6 


1937 


•9,200 


5,390 


14,590 


16 


6 


10 


5 


13 


7 


1939 


7,571 


4,198 


11,769 


13 


7 


8 


2 


11 


1 


1941 


6,949 


3,736 


10,685 


12 


7 


7 


3 


10 


1 


1943 


7,404 


3,851 


11,255 


13 




7 


4 


10 


3 


1944 


6,854 


3,731 


10,585 


12 


1 


7 


1 


9 


7 


1945 


5,294 


2,783 


8,077 




2 


5 


3 


7 


3 



tCouNTY Colored Elementary School Pupils Not Promoted 



1923 


5,722 


4,616 


10,338 


38 


.3 


31 


.1 


34 


7 


1925 


4,800 


3,700 


8,500 


33 


.2 


26 


.3 


29 


8 


1927 


4,015 


3,091 


7,106 


29 


.5 


23 


.3 


26 


4 


1929 


3,230 


2,361 


5,591 


24 


2 


18 


.5 


21 


4 


1931 


2,929 


2,022 


4,951 


22 


4 


15 


8 


19 


1 


1933 


3,041 


2,230 


5,271 


23 


2 


17 


4 


20 


3 


1935 


2,848 


1,959 


4,807 


22 


4 


15 


9 


19 


2 


1937 


2,601 


1,753 


4,354 


21 


5 


15 





18 


3 


1939 


2,604 


1,705 


4,309 


21 


7 


14 


9 


18 


4 


1941 


2,196 


1,467 


3,663 


18 


9 


13 


2 


16 


1 


1943 


2,451 


1,440 


3,891 


21 


7 


13 


2 


17 


6 


1944 


2,316 


1,472 


3,788 


20 


7 


13 


6 


17 


2 


1945 


2,119 


1,345 


3,464 


18 


3 


12 





15 


2 



t Percent of total elementary enrollment, exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, com- 
mitment, and death, who graduated or were not promoted. 

* Includes seventh or eighth grade promotions in junior high schools as graduates and seventh or 
seventh and eighth grade non-promotions in junior high schools as non-promotions. 

a In obtaining percentages, kindergarten enrollment is excluded. 

b In obtaining percentages, enrollment in elementary school(s) of State teachers college(s) is in- 
cluded. 

X Enrollment in elementary school(s) of State teachers coilege(s) is excluded, but kindergarten 
is Included. 

X Excludes 6 boys and 3 girls from special classes who received certificates. 



County Elementary School Graduates and Non Promotions 37 

CHART 4 



NON-PPOMOTIONS* BY GRADES IN COUNTT ELESIENTAEY AND 
JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS THROUCK GRADE 8 FOR YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1946 



^BFercent Boys 
COLORED 



ercent Girls 



No. 

Boys 



No, 

Boys 



GirlB Grade GlrlB WHITE 
561 , 1230 



372 



334 




mmm^ 




230 

no| ^ ^ 



t Includes pupils in special classes and junior first grade considered not ready for advancement. 
* Excludes pupils in elementary school at State Teachers College. 



TABLE 23 — Number and Percent of Non-Promotions in First Grade* 
in Maryland County White and Colored Schools, 1945 



County 



Total Coimties: 

1943 

1944 

1945 

Frederick 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

Cecil J. 

Washington 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Montgomery.... 

Howard 

Prince George's. 

iCharles 

Worcester 

Queen Anne's... 
Anne Arundel... 

Kent... 

Caroline 

Baltimore 

Harford 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 



White 


Schools 


First Grade Non-Promotions 


Number 


Percent 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


1,739 


965 


19.7 


12.7 


1,592 


980 


17.5 


12.4 


1,230 


711 


12.8 


8.5 


15 


8 


3.4 


1.9 


3 


3 


2.4 


3.1 


5 


6 


2.3 


3.0 


8 


8 


2.6 


3.0 


27 


15 


4.6 


2.7 


31 


13 


7.5 


4.2 


61 


31 


7.1 


4.1 


8 


7 


7.9 


7.6 


40 


22 


11.8 


8.1 


19 


16 


11.4 


9.9 


107 


69 


11.9 


9.3 


36 


11 


14.8 


5.9 


173 


84 


14.3 


8.0 


23 


10 


13.9 


8.5 


21 


13 


13.4 


11.5 


17 


9 


15.5 


10.6 


112 


64 


16.4 


10.9 


16 


8 


15.8 


11.1 


26 


9 


19.1 


8.7 


362 


236 


19.7 


14.3 


72 


52 


19.3 


15.0 


24 


11 


22.6 


12.1 


24 


6 


27.6 


10.9 



County 



Total Counties: 

1943 

1944. 

1945 

Washington 

Allegany 

Cecil 

Wicomico 

Queen Anne's.... 

Worcester 

Caroline 

Kent 

Frederick 

Howard 

Somerset 

St. Mary's 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel .. 

Talbot 

Prince George's 

Charles 

Harford 

Carroll 

Montgomery .... 

Calvert 

Baltimore 



Colored Schools 
First Grade Non-Promotions 



Number 



Boys 



573 
568 
561 



109 



Girls 



380 
389 
372 



Percent 



Boys 



29.4 
28.5 
25.4 



6.5 
6.9 
14.0 
16.3 
15.2 
11.1 
19.3 
22.0 
25.0 
19.8 
24.4 
25.0 
27.8 
28.8 
28.6 
27.2 
14.3 
32.5 
34.2 
36.7 



Girls 



22.1 
21.4 
18.7 



7.7 
3.7 
6.3 
12.8 
12.0 
15.6 
21.4 
16.0 
13.2 
11.7 
19.0 
15.4 
17.5 
1.7 
18.7 
19.8 
26.7 
40.9 
25.0 
22.3 
26.2 



* Excludes pupils in first grade of elementary schools of State teachers colleges, but includes 
pupils in junior first grade. 



38 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 5 



NUMBER AND PERCENT OF COUNTY WHITE ELHtENTAEY 
AND JUNIOR HIGH PUPILS THROUGH G3iADE 8 NOT PROMOTED. t 1945 



County 

Total and 
Co. Average 

Freaerick 

Washington 

Cecil 

Worcester 

Prince George's 

Montgomery 

Charles 

Carroll 

Queen Anne's 

Talbot 

Kent 

Garrett 

Anne Arundel 

Allegany* 

Somerset 

Wicomico* 

Howard 

Dorchester 

Caroline 

Harford 

St. Mary's . 

Calvert 

Baltimore* 



Number 
Boys Girls 



Percent Boys 



Percent Girls 




62 
49 
48 
152 
335 
542 
74 
144 
127 
125 

102 
269 
78 
60 
1,668 



.69 1 s. mm\ 



80 
53 
54 
51 
151 
32 
29 
1,023 



Y//x/////jy////yM 



wism//////ry/////:^//A 



Y/:f///r/M'////////////A\ 



t Includes pupils in special classes and junior first grade considered not ready for advancement. 
♦ Excludes pupils in elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 



Elementary School Non Promotions by County 



39 



CHART 6 



NOMBEE ANT PERCENT OF CODMY COLORED ZLEHEHTART PDPII^ 
NOT PRGMOTEPt- 1945 



County 

Total and 
Co. Average 

Washington 
Cecil 

Queen Anne's 

Hoimxd 

Wleonloo 

Allegany 

Dorchester 

Worcester 

Frederick 

Kent 

Talbot 

Caroline 

St. Mary's 

Harford 

Somerset 

Anne Arundel* 

Carroll 

Uontgcmery 

Charles 

Prince George's* 

Calvert 

Baltimore 




ercent Boys 



ercent Girls 



15 
152 
146 

315 
160 
422 



m 



86 ^^^Rszzzzi 

212 
91 



19.- 




♦ Excludes pupils in kindergartens and special classes not considered ready for advancement. 
Also excludes pupils in elementary school classes at the four State teachers colleges. 



40 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 24 

Causes for Non-Promotions of County White Elementary Pupils Not Promoted 
by Year, 1931 to 1945, and by County for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Total 
Not 
Promoted 



Percent of Pupils Not Promoted by Cause 



late Home 
ons and 
Interest 


Incapacity 


Illness 


At- 
ie Not 
Sickness 


from 
r School 


or Over, | 
red 


Unfortui 
Conditi 
Lack of 


Mental ] 


Personal 


Irregulai 
tendanc 
Due to 


Transfer 
Anothe 


14 Years 
Emploj 



By Year 



1931 


14,505 


13 


.8 


4 


8 


2 


.7 


1 


6 


1 


.2 


.8 


t.8 


.3 


1 


.6 


1932- _ 


15,251 


14 


3 


5 


4 


2 


.7 


1 


8 


1 


.2 


.8 


.7 


.3 




.4 


1933 


16,727 


15 


5 


5 


8 


3 


.1 


1 


5 


1 


.3 


.8 


.7 


.2 


2 


.1 


1934 


17,818 


16 


6 


5 


8 


3 


3 


2 


4 


1 


.5 


.9 


.6 


.2 


1 


.9 


1935 


14,709 


13 


7 


4 


7 


2 


5 


1 


9 


1 


.3 


.7 


.8 


.1 


1 


.7 


1936 


14,751 


13 


8 


4 


9 


2 


3 


1 


7 


1 


.4 


.7 


.8 




1 


.9 


1937 


14,575 


13 


7 


5 





2 


1 


1 


8 


1 


3 


.8 


.9 


;i 


1 


.7 


1938. 


12,520 


11 


9 


4 


5 


1 


8 


1 


4 


1 





.7 


.7 


.3 


1 


.6 


1939 


11,759 


11 


1 


4 


6 


1 


6 


1 


2 




9 


.7 


.5 


.2 




.4 


1940 ..: .. 


11,057 


10 


5 


4 


2 


1 


6 


1 


1 




9 


.7 


.5 


.2 


1 


.3 


1941*.- 


10,685 


10 


1 


3 


8 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 





.6 


.6 


.2 


1 


.5 


1942* 


10,287 


9 


6 


3 


7 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 





.6 


.6 


.2 


1 


.3 


1943* 


11,255 


10 


3 


3 


9 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


3 


.6 


.€ 


.2 


1 


.5 


1944*.... . 


10,585 


9 


8 


4 





1 





1 


1 


1 





.5 


.5 


.2 


1 


.5 


1945* 


8,083 


7 


3 


2 


8 




7 




9 




9 


.3 


.4 


.1 


1 


.2 



By County, 1945 



Frederick.. 


52 




9 




3 




1 




3 






.1 






Washington 


289 


3 





1 







1 




3 


.5 


.1 


.8 


!l 


.1 


Cecil...... 


118 


3 


7 


1 


2 




6 




3 


.5 


.2 


.2 


.2 


.5 


Worcester 


71 


4 


7 


2 


3 




5 




6 


.1 


.1 


.5 




.5 


Montgomery 


575 


5 


1 


1 


6 




6 




5 


.6 


.3 


.3 




1.1 


Prince George's 


661 


5 


1 


1 


9 


1 


1 




8 


.3 


.3 




.2 


.4 


Charles.... 


103 


5 


9 


1 


5 




4 




7 


1.7 


.3 




.1 


1.1 


Carroll 


264 


6 


2 


1 


7 


1 


9 




7 


.7 


.2 






.2 


Queen Anne's 


81 


6 


8 


5 


3 








4 


.3 


.2 






.5 


Talbot 


92 


6 


8 


4 


1 




5 




8 


.8 


.4 






.1 


Kent.. . 


71 


7 





2 


9 




.3 




9 


.8 


.7 




.2 


1.1 


Garrett... 


228 


7 





2 


7 




5 


2 


.6 


.1 


.2 




.3 


.5 


Anne Arundel... 


515 


7 


2 


3 





1 


1 




9 


1.2 


.4 




.1 


.4 


Somerset 


106 


7 


5 


4 


2 




8 




6 


.9 


.2 






.1 


Allegany 


811 


7 


5 


1 


8 


1 


5 




6 


1.5 


.1 


^6 
.9 


.1 


1.3 


Wicomico 


224 


8 


4 


3 


6 


1 


5 


1 


1 




.6 




.7 


Howard 


180 


8 


6 


3 


6 


1 


5 




7 


.9 


.4 


.5 


.2 


.8 


Dorchester 


179 


8 


7 


3 


5 


1 


6 




6 


1.2 


.2 


.3 




1.3 


St. Mary's 


110 


9 


8 


3 


8 




3 




9 


1.1 


.6 


.3 


.3 


2.5 


Caroline 


153 


9 


9 


2 


7 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1.0 


.4 


.2 




3.2 


Harford 


420 


9 


9 


5 


2 




2 


1 





1.4 


.7 


.5 


.2 


.7 


Calvert 


89 


11 


7 


6 


6 




7 




8 


1.2 


.6 






1.8 


Baltimore 


2,691 


13 


7 


5 


6 




1 


1 


.6 


1.6 


.7 


.5 


.2 


3.4 



t 13 years, 1931. 

* Excludes pupils attending the elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 



Causes of Elementary School Non Promotions 



41 



TABLE 25 

Causes for Non-Promotion of County Colored Elementary Pupils by Year, 1931 
to 1945, and by County for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Year 
County 



*Total 
Not 
Promoted 



Percent of Pupils Not Promoted by Cause 



o 






0) 








late Home 
ons and La 
•est 


>. 




• Attendanc 
le to 

s 


or Over, 
red 


from 
r School 


trance 


Unfortui 
Conditi 
of Intel 


Mental 
Incapa< 


Personal 
Illness 


Irregulai 
Not Di 
Sicknes 


14 Years 
Emploj 


Transfer 
Anothe 


Late Enl 



By Ye\r 



1931 


4,932 


18.5 


5.8 


1.8 


2.4 


4.4 


tl.4 


.5 


1.0 


1.2 


1932 


4,952 


18.7 


6.6 


1.7 


2.4 


4.3 


1.2 


.3 


.8 


1.4 


1933 


5,266 


19.8 


7.8 


1.8 


1.8 


4.4 


1.1 


.4 


.8 


1.7 


1934 


5,310 


20.8 


7.3 


1.7 


2.2 


6.2 


1.2 


.5 


.5 


1.2 


1935 


4,797 


19.2 


6.4 


1.9 


2.1 


5.0 


1.3 


.5 


.5 


1.5 


1936 


4,660 


19.1 


6.7 


1.4 


2.0 


5.3 


1.3 


.6 


.5 


1.3 


1937 


4,350 


18.3 


6.6 


1.4 


2.4 


4.4 


1.3 


.5 


.4 


1.3 


1938 


4,484 


19.2 


7.9 


1.3 


1.7 


4.0 


1.2 


.7 


.7 


1.7 


1939 


4,303 


18.5 


8.5 


1.4 


1.6 


3.7 


.9 


.5 


.6 


1.3 


1940 


4,832 


16.6 


7.7 


.9 


1.5 


3.2 


1.0 


.8 


.6 


.9 


1941 


3,663 


16.1 


7.0 


.9 


1.8 


3.0 


1.0 


.7 


.5 


1.2 


1942 


3,645 


16.2 


7.5 


.9 


1.4 


3.1 


.9 


.6 


.4 


1.4 


1943 


3,891 


17.6 


7.5 


.9 


1.5 


4.4 


1.0 


.5 


.3 


1.5 


1944 


3,788 


17.2 


7.3 


.9 


1.7 


4.2 


.8 


.7 


.5 


1.1 


1945 -- 


3,464 


15.2 


6.8 


.8 


1.2 


3.8 


.7 


.6 


.4 


.9 



By County, 1945 



Washington 


6 


2 


8 


1 


4 










1 


4 












Cecil 


13 


4 





2 


2 




3 






1 


5 












Queen Anne's 


22 


4 


5 


1 


7 






l' 


6 














1.2 


Howard 


33 


6 





2 


2 




4 




5 


1 


8 




2 


.2 


'."5 


.2 


Wicomico 


79 


7 


4 


4 


1 




9 




8 








6 


.7 


.3 




Allegany 


17 


9 


6 


9 















6 












Dorchester 


109 


10 


6 


3 


8 




2 


l' 


'5 


1 


3 




9 


.3 


.6 


2.6 


Worcester 


113 


10 


8 


5 


4 




9 


1 







2 


1 


8 


.3 


.1 


1.1 


Frederick- 


70 


11 





6 


9 


1 


9 


1 


2 




8 






.2 






Kent 


62 


11 


1 


7 


9 




9 




2 


1 


4 




.5 






.2 


Talbot 


90 


11 


9 


7 







4 




5 


1 


4 




3 


1.2 


".i 


.4 


Caroline 


67 


12 


6 


4 


9 




.6 


1 


9 


3 


2 




2 


.2 


.9 


.7 


St. Mary's 


92 


12 


8 


5 









1 





2 


5 


1 


.0 


1.1 


.5 


1.7 


Harford 


104 


13 


1 


7 


7 






1 





3 


.0 




.3 


.2 


.9 




Somerset. 


147 


14 


2 


5 


2 


3 


'.i 




3 


3 


.6 




.6 


.5 


.2 


".7 


Anne Arundel 


426 


14 


.7 


7 


.8 




.4 


1 


2 


3 


.9 




.4 


.3 


.3 


.4 


Carroll 


36 


15 


.1 


7 


.1 


1 


.7 


2 


9 


2 


.1 




.9 




.4 




Montgomery 


257 


15 


3 


5 


1 




.8 


1 


.4 


4 


.9 


1 


.4 


"a 


.5 


.8 


Charles. 


234 


16 


.4 


5 





1 


.1 


1 


4 


6 


.9 




.6 


.4 


.7 


.3 


Prince George's 


527 


16 


.8 


8 


9 


1 


.4 


1 


.0 


2 


.8 




.4 


1.0 


.4 


.9 


Calvert 


251 


23 


.5 


8 


.6 




.9 


1 


.0 


10 


.8 




.9 


.9 


.2 


.2 


Baltimore 


709 


29 


.3 


11 


.5 




.7 


1 


.8 


8 


.4 




.9 


2.8 


.1 


3.1 



t Thirteen years or over, employed. 

* Excludes pupils at elementary school, Bowie State Teachers College. 



42 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 26 — Program for Education of Physically Handicapped Children in 
Maryland Financed with State Funds in 1944-45 











Transportation 


Special 


Instruction 








Home Teaching 


to Regular Classes 


Hospital Schools 


Total 






















County 
























Teach- 


State 




State 




State 




State 




Pupils 


ers 


Aid 


Pupils 


Aid 


Pupils 


Aid 


Pupils 


Aid 


Total Counties 


98 


69 


$5,981.61 


30 


$1,983.68 


106 


$841.87 


234 


$8 807.16 


Allegany 


7 


4 


521.20 


20 




ab8 




35 




Anne Arundel 


7 


7 


47l!80 


1 


15.60 


bl2 




20 


487.40 


Baltimore 


22 


5 


1,323.88 


2 


119.68 


bc22 


ac837.50 


46 


2,28l'.06 


Calvert 












bl 








Caroline 


1 


1 


87.47 








1 


87.47 


Carroll 


4 


4 


352.36 






b2 




6 


352.36 


Cecil 


3 


3 


132.68 






ab9 




12 


132.68 




2 


2 


152.90 






1 




3 


152.90 


Dorchester .. 


3 


4 


151.80 






bd4 


d4.37 


7 


156.17 


Frederick 


3 


3 


214.70 


2 


70.20 


b3 




8 


284.90 


Garrett 


3 


3 


102.62 


2 


175.50 


b5 




10 


278.12 


Harford 






b5 




5 


Howard 


"i 


"i 


46.20 






b2 




3 


46.20 


Kent 


2 


1 


264.30 






bl 




3 


264.30 


Montgomery.. 
Pr. George's .. 
St. Mary's 


17 


12 


718.04 






ab7 




24 


718.04 


13 


10 


715.36 


"i 


137.00 


b5 




19 


852.36 








1 


80.00 


b2 




3 


80.00 


Somerset 










bl 




1 


Talbot 


2 


"i 


158.72 






ab3 




5 


158.72 


Washington.... 


1 


1 


100.00 


"i 


83.70 


b5 




7 


183.70 


Wicomico 


5 


5 


410.42 






b6 




11 


410.42 


W orcester 


2 


2 


57.16 






b2 




4 


57.16 


txjalto. City .... 


147 


4.5 


3,508.84 


8 


800.00 


bll4 


b5,691.16 


269 


10,000.00 


Entire State .. 


245 


73.5 


$9,490.45 


38 


$2,783.68 


220 


$6,533.03 


503 


e$18,807.16 



a State aid of $800 opposite Baltimore County toward cost of instructing 5 county children at 
Rehabilitation Institute, Reisterstown, took care of two children from Allegany and one each from 
Cecil, Montgomery and Talbot. , 

b The two teachers for whom reimbursement of $5,691.16 was paid instructed 114 Baltimore City 
and 99 county children under treatment at the hospital schools who are shown opposite the individual 
county and Baltimore City. 

c Includes tuition of $37.50 in a Baltimore City school for handicapped children for one child. 

d Includes payment of $4.37 toward appliances for one pupil. 

e The remainder of the $20,471.33 State appropriation for handicapped children was used for 
printing and distribution of data cards and bulletins $74.06; expenses of otologists $90.11; reimburse- 
ment for hearing aids $1,000.00, and reimbursement to the State School for the Deaf for the teacher 
who gave audiometer tests $500.00. 



State Aid for the Physically Handicapped 

As a follow-up of the audiometer testing program carried on 
by the State Department of Education and the State School for the 
Deaf, with the help of the State Department of Health, an otologist 
has held a series of clinics to examine and recommend treatment 
for county children disclosed by the testing program as having a 
hearing loss needing attention. Thus far five Eastern Shore Counties, 
Allegany, Garrett, and Prince George's Counties have had the bene- 
fit of these clinics, which it is hoped will be extended throughout the 
State. 



State Program for Physically Handicapped Children; County 43 
Special Classes for Retarded Children 



In January 1945, a sixteen-page bulletin entitled ''Conservation 
of Vision Program for Maryland County Schools" was made avail- 
alDle as a result of cooperation of State and County Health and 
Education Departments, the Maryland Society for the Prevention 
of Blindness, and the State School for the Blind. The bulletin takes 
up care of the eyes of young children, causes of blindness and methods 
of prevention, signs of eye trouble in children, eye condition pre- 
valent at school age, resources and specific suggestions to meet the 
problems presented by children with impaired vision. It is planned 
to extend a testing and clinical follow-up program for children with 
impaired vision similar to that carried on for those with impaired 
hearing. Because of the lack of ophthalmologists, it has not been 
possible to hold the cHnics up to the present time. 



TABLE 27 



Special Classes for Retarded Children in Counties, 1944-1945 





White 


Colored 


County 


Number 

of 
Classes 


Enroll- 
ment 


Average 
Enroll- 
ment Per 
Class 


Number 

of 
Classes 


Enroll- 
ment 


Average 
Enroll- 
ment Per 
Class 


1940-1941 


61 


1,275 


20.9 


3 


75 


25.0 
23.7 
25.5 
17.0 
22.0 


1941-1942 


63 


1,345 
1,358 
1,457 
1,787 

429 


21.3 


3 


71 


1942-1943 


60 


22.6 


2 


51 
51 


1943-1944 


64 


22.7 


3 


1944-1945 


77 


23.2 


2 


44 


Allegany '. 


3 


23.8 




Anne Arundel 


60 


20.0 








Caroline 


1 


22 


22.0 








Carroll 


ts 

2 


65 


21.7 








Cecil 


42 


21.0 








Dorchester 


1 


16 


16.0 








Howard 


1 


24 


24.0 








Kent 


13 
1 


67 


22.3 








Montgomery 


31 


31.0 








Prince George's 


3 


65 


21.7 








Somerset 


1 


19 


19.0 








Talbot 


2 


32 


16.0 








Washington 


t31 
14 
3 


773 


24.9 








Wicomico 


81 


20.3 


12 


44 


22.0 


Worcester 


61 


20.3 











* Six of these are in one school. 
t One school had two classes. 

t Five elementary schools each had one class, three each had three classes, and one elementary 
school had two classes. One school had one special class in elementary grades and one in junior high 
school, two schools had two classes in elementary grades and one in junior high school, one school 
had one class in elementary grades and two in junior high school, two junior high schools each had 
one class, and one junior high school had two classes. 



44 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 28 



Baltimore City Special Classes and Highwood School for Semester Ending 

June 30, 1945 



Kind of Class 


Number 

of 
Classes 


Net Roll 


Average 
Net Roll 


Percent 
of Attend- 
ance 


Promc 
^Making S 
Impro^ 

Number 


)ted or 

atisfactory 

irement 

Percent! 


Physically Handicapped White Pupils 


Total and Average 

Orthopedic 

Sight Conservation 

Deaf 

Mixed* 


17 

6 
2 
3 
3 
3 


366 

196 
49 
45 
32 
44 


368 

193 
51 
45 
33 
46 


86 

89 
85 
89 
91 
89 


304 

155 
37 
42 
26 
44 


83.1 

79.1 
75.5 
93.3 
81.3 
10.0 


Socially Handicapped White Pupils 


Highwood School 


1 


61 


58 


80 






Physically Handicapped Colored Pupils 


Total and Average 

Orthopedic... 

Sight Conservation 

Deaf 


11 

4 
6 


207 

76 
112 
19 


197 

80 
117 


87 

88 
87 


96 

57 
27 
12 


46.4 

75.0 
24.1 
63.2 


Mentally Handicapped White Pupils 


Total and Average 

Opportunity 

Special Center 

Shop Center 


106 

72 
1 
33 


2,621 

1,788 
19 
814 


2,649 

1,804 
19 
826 


79.4 

80.3 
80.0 
78.0 


2,236 

1,518 
18 
700 


85.3 

84.9 
94.7 
86.0 


Mentally Handicapped Colored Pupils 


Total and Average 

Opportunity 

Special Center — 

Shop Center 


88 

54 
4 
30 


2,284 

1,394 

95 
795 


2,282 

1,343 
97 
842 


77.3 

79.3 
76.8 
75.9 


1,602 

1,021 
61 
520 


70.1 

73.2 
64.2 
65.4 



t Percent of net roll of classes involved. 

* Junior high class consisting of pupils with the following deficiencies: orthopedic, 21; sight, 9; 
hearing, 1; cardiac, 15. 

X Making satisfactory improvement applies to the opportunity group. 

NOTE: Training in lip reading was supplied during the year to 271 white and 23 colored pupils 
in the regular grades in addition to those who were members of the classes for the deaf and hard of 
hearing. There were 810 white and 475 colored pupils .n the regular grades who received training in 
speech correction and 403 white and 135 colored pupils in the regular grades who were members of 
nutrition classes. 



Baltimore City Program for Handicapped Children; Persistence 
TO High School Graduation 



45 



CHART 7 



PERCENT 1945 WHITE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ARE OF 1941 
ELEHfENTAEY SCHOOL GRADUATES 



County 



White 
H.S. 
Grads* 



Percent 



[Percent Boys 



Percent Girls 



iOoaX cLnQ 

Co. Average 


6,531 


53.3 


Talbot 


121 


63.7 


Montgomery* 


548 


60.4 


Harford 


281 


59.3 


Anne Arundel 


464 


57.7 


Carroll 


321 


57.5 


St. Mary* 8 


65 


57.0 


Charles 


99 


56.3 


Howard 


108 


56.3 


Baltimore 


1,064 


56.1 


Dorchester 


162 


55.1 


Allegany* 


633 . 


55.0 


Frederick 


•436 


53.5 


Calvert 


51 


53.1 


Queen Anne»s 


93 


52.8 


Caroline 


137 


51.9 


Kent 


83 


51.6 


Prince George's 


649 


51.3 


Wicomico 


190 


51.1 


Cecil 


198 


49.3 


Worcester 


129 


49.2 


Somerset 


102 


46.8 


Washington* 


405 


42. C 


Garrett 


192 


38.5 



^///////////////A 



V/////A 



* Pupils reported promoted from grade 8 of junior high or elementary schools in twelve grade 
systems were considered elementary school graduates. 

For number of graduates for individual high schools see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



46 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 8 



PERCENT 1945 COLORED HIGH SCHOOL GaiADDATES ARE OF 1941 
ELEMENTART SCHOOL GRADUATES 



County 

Total and 
Co. Average 

Wicomico 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel 

Harford 

Carroll 

Baltimore 

Talbot 

Pr. G«orge»8 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Queen Anne*s 

Cecil 

Washington 

Caroline 

Charles 

Howard 

Itederick 

fent 

Chlvert 

Ibntganeiy 

a. Mary's 

AUegany 



Colored 
H. S. Grade. 
Boys Girls 



279 
23 
29 
33 
13 
6 
18 
11 
10 
26 
21 
6 
4 
2 
12 
15 
5 
10 
9 
5 
15 
6 



25 
73 
24 
11 
26 
25 
41 
26 
21 
17 
13 
5 
12 
26 

12 
15 
10 

9 
24 
15 

3 



Percent 
Total 



37.6 



[Percent Boys Percent Girls 



44 50.0 rt%^ 



^/////y>/^////////^///////////////////A 



48.6 
47.5 
47.4 
47.2 
46.7 
45.6 
38.3 
38.2 
36.5 
35.9 
34.0 
33.3 
32.9 
26.8 
32.1 
32.1 
29.2 
26.4 
23.6 
21.6 
13.0 



Y//////////////////A 



y////////////////A 




^^^^ 



zr^ y////////777777A 



For number of graduates for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



Persistence to High School Graduation; Couxty Graduates 
Entering State Teachers Colleges 



47 



TABLE 29— Estimated Number and Percent of County Colored and White 
Elementary School Graduates Who Graduated from High School 
Four Years Later, by Year 











Percent 










Percent 












White High 








Colored High 






White 




School Graduates 


Colored 


School Graduates 


Year of 


High School 


Are of Elementary 


High School 


Are of Elementary 


High 


Graduates 


School Graduates 


Graduates 


School Graduates 


School 








Four 


Years Before 








Four 


Years Before 


Gradu- 


























ation 












Girls 
















Total 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 


Boys 


Total 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 


Boys 


Girls 


1927 .... 


2,887 


1,071 


1,816 


39.4 


33.5 


43.9 


97 


34 


63 


9.8 


9.7 


9.9 


1928 .... 


2,993 


1,142 


1,851 


39.5 


34.0 


44.0 


117 


42 


75 


10.3 


9.8 


10.6 


1929 


3,395 


1,339 


2,056 


41.2 


36.2 


45.2 


121 


50 


71 


10.2 


10.3 


10.1 


1930 


3,785 


1,534 


2,251 


43.8 


37.8 


49.0 


169 


63 


106 


13.0 


13.0 


12.9 


1931 


4,204 


1,713 


2,491 


45.0 


39.9 


49.3 


192 


77 


115 


13.2 


14.2 


12.7 


1932 .... 


4,397 


1,772 


2,625 


47.0 


40.9 


52.2 


288 


124 


164 


18.9 


22.9 


16.7 


1933 .... 


4,921 


2,114 


2,807 


49.6 


44.6 


54.1 


297 


117 


180 


16.4 


16.0 


16.7 


1934 .... 


5,122 


2,220 


2,902 


50.5 


45.7 


55.0 


318 


128 


190 


18.5 


17.6 


19.1 


1935 .... 


4,839 


2,052 


2,787 


48.8 


43.2 


54.1 


322 


142 


180 


16.2 


16.1 


16.4 


1936 .... 


5,322 


2,283 


3,039 


49.2 


44.0 


53.8 


t374 


tl64 


t210 


tl9.0 


tl9.7 


tl8.5 


1937 .... 


5,472 


2,361 


3,111 


50.8 


46.1 


55.0 


1392 


tl61 


t231 


t20.5 


t20.0 


t20.9 


1938 .... 


5,930 


2,566 


3,364 


54.7 


49.1 


59.9 


t510 


t202 


t308 


t25.5 


t23.5 


t27.1 


1939 .... 


6,306 


2,750 


3,556 


57.8 


53.0 


62.2 


t576 


t234 


t342 


t27.9 


126.8 


t28.7 


1940 .... 


6,813 


3,017 


3,796 


62.7 


58.5 


66.6 


t673 


t245 


t428 


t31.0 


t26.4 


t34.4 


1941 .... 


7,038 


3,168 


3,870 


64.0 


59.9 


67.8 


t708 


1249 


t459 


t36.8 


t31.4 


t40.6 


1942 .... 


7,176 


3,165 


4,011 


62*5 


57.3 


67.3 


t659 


t256 


t403 


t36.8 


t32.9 


t39.8 


1943 .... 


6,741 


2,886 


3,855 


56 . 5 


49.4 


63.4 


t689 


t269 


t420 


t34.3 


t29.6 


t38.2 


1944 .... 


6,550 


2,493 


4,057 


53.8 


42.2 


64.7 


718 


271 


447 


33.8 


28.7 


37.9 


1945 .... 


6,531 


2,545 


3,986 


53.3 


43.6 


62.1 


755 


279 


476 


37.6 


31.8 


42.2 



t Includes Baltimore County graduates who attended Baltimore City high schools at the expense 
of Baltimore County. 

TABLE 30 

Number and Percent of County High School Graduates Who Entered State 
Teachers Colleges September after Graduation 



Year 



1931.. 
1932.. 
1933.. 
1934.. 
1935.. 
1936.. 
1937. 
1938.. 
1939.. 
1940. 
1941. 
1942. 
1943. 
1944. 
1945 



White 
High 
School 
Graduates 



Boys 



1,713 
1,772 
2,114 
2,220 
2,052 
2,283 
2,361 
2,566 
2,750 
3,017 
3,168 
3,165 
2,887 
2,493 
2,545 



Girls 



2,491 
2,625 
2,807 
2,902 
2,787 
3,039 
3,111 
3,364 
3,556 
3,796 
3,870 
4,011 
3,854 
4,057 
3,986 



White Entrants to 
State Teachers Colleges 
Fall Following Graduation 



Number 



Boys 



Girls 



214 
174 
74 
88 
93 
131 
118 
151 
179 
141 
126 
74 
88 
72 
118 



Percent 



Boys 



1.3 
.5 
1.5 
2.8 
2.1 
2. -2 
3.2 
2.9 
2.0 
1.1 
1.2 
.8 
1.7 
.9 



Girls 



8.6 
6.6 
2.6 
3.0 
3.3 
4.3 
3.8 
4.5 
4.9 
3.7 
3.3 
1.8 
2.3 
1.8 
3.0 



Year 



1931. 
1932. 
1933 
1934. 
1935. 
1936. 
1937. 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942. 
1943 
1944 
1945 



Colored 
High 
School 
Graduates 



Boys Girls 



77 
124 
117 
128 
142 
tl64 
+161 
t202 
+234 
+245 
t249 
1256 
t270 
271 
279 



115 
164 
180 
190 
180 
+210 
t231 
+308 
T342 
t428 
+459 
+403 
+418 
447 
476 



Colored Entrants to 
State Teachers Colleges 
Fall Following Graduation 



Number 



Boys Girls 



20 
28 
17 
26 
15 
16 
30 
38 
21 

t40 
22 

t25 
20 
32 
37 



Percent 



Boys Girls 



18.2 
12.9 
2.6 
4.7 
1.4 
4.9 
3.7 
8.9 
3.0 
3.3 
2.1 

sVo 

4.5 
1.8 



17.4 
17.1 
9.4 
13.7 
8.3 
7.6 
13.0 
12.3 
6.1 
9.3 
6.0 
6.2 
4.8 
7.2 
7.8 



t Includes residents of Baltimore County who graduated from Baltimore City high schools after five years work 
above grade 7. 

For 1945 graduates and teachers college entrants for individual high schools see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



48 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 9 



County 



WHITE GIEL GRADUATES OF COUNTY EIGE SCHOOLS ENTERIMG 
MABYLAND TEACHERS COLLEGES THE FALL FOLLOWING GRADUATION 

Number Percent 
1939 1945 1946 



County Average 

Wicomico 

St. Mail's 

Queen Anne's 

Calvert 

Scalers et 

Harford 

Charles 

Carroll 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Cecil 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Worcester 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Garrett 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Talbot 

Howard 



179 118 



20 
1 
9 
2 
7 

10 

3 
7 
6 

U 
5 
9 

28 
4 

32 
6 
4 
8 

4 

3 




For graduates and entrants to teachers colleges for individual high schools, see Table XXIII 
pages 252 to 257. 



County 1945 Graduates Entering Teachers Colleges; Occupation 49 
IN 1944-45 of 1944 County Graduates 



CHART 10 



COLORED GIRL GRADUATES OF CODNTy HIC2I SCHOOLS 
ENTERING BOWIE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE THE FALL FOLLOWING GRADDATION 



County 

County Ayerag© 

St. Uax7*8 

Queen Anne's 

Prince George's 

Soaerset 

Wiooolco 

Worcester 

Caroline 

Harford 

Frederick 

Montgomery 

Anne Arundel 

Dorchester 

Charles 

Cecil 

Talbot 

Kent 

Baltlsore 



Number Percent 
1944 1945 1945 



37 




For entrants to Bowie State Teachers College for individual high schools see Table XXIII, pages, 
252 to 257. 

TABLE 31 — Comparison of Number and Percent of County White High School 
Graduates Continuing Education or Staying or Working at Home 
Year Following Graduation, 1926 to 1944 



Graduates 

OF 



Total Number 
of Graduates 



1926. 
1927- 
1928. 
1929. 
1930. 
1931. 
1932. 
1933. 
1934 
1935. 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944 



Boys Girls 



1,045 
1,071 
1,142 
1,339 
1,534 
1,713 
1,772 
2,114 
2,223 
2,052 
2,283 
2,361 
2,566 
2,750 
3,017 
13,170 
3,144 
2,885 
2.468 



1,574 
1,816 
1,851 
2,056 
2,251 
2,491 
2,625 
2,807 
2,904 
2,787 
3,039 
3,111 
3,364 
3,556 
3,796 
J3,871 
3,964 
3,846 
4,043 



Number 



Percent 



Continuing 
Education 



Boys 



507 
472 
480 
527 
542 
574 
471 
469 
522 
498 
613 
652 
745 
761 
*699 
621 
539 
313 
338 



Girls 



856 
913 
947 
1,051 
1,031 
953 
820 
701 
803 
800 
980 
1,078 
1,114 
1,118 
=^1,107 
1,006 
t832 
953 
1,177 



Staying or 
Working at 
Home, Married 



Boys 



88 

99 
118 
125 
223 
361 
495 
447 
473 
367 
244 
354 
347 
254 
147 
115 

24 
8 

12 



Girls 



323 
417 
432 
455 
694 
994 
1,321 
1,453 
1,348 
1,172 
1,036 
1,081 
1,249 
1,133 
916 
773 
540 
434 
448 



Continuing 
Education 



Boys 



48.8 
44.1 
41.8 
39.3 
35.3 
33.5 
26.6 
22.2 
23.5 
24.3 
26.9 
27.6 
29.0 
27.7 
23.1 
19.6 
17.1 
10.8 
13.7 



Girls 



54.3 
50.3 
51.2 
51.3 
45.8 
38.2 
31.2 
25.0 
27.7 
28.7 
32.3 
34.7 
33.1 
31.4 
29.1 
26.0 
21.0 
24.8 
29.1 



Staying or 
Working at 
Home, Married 



Boys 



8.5 
9.3 
10.3 
9.3 
21.5 
21.2 
27.9 
21.1 
21.2 
17.9 
10.7 
15.0 
13.5 
9.2 
4.9 
3.6 
.8 
.3 
.5 



Girls 



20.5 
22.9 
23.3 
22.1 
28.7 
39.8 
50.4 
51.8 
46.4 
42.0 
34.0 
34.7 
37.1 
31.9 
24.1 
20.0 
13.6 
11.3 
11.1 



* Includes 10 boys and 2 girls, duplicates who are simultaneously working and continuing their 
education. 

+ Includes 2 boys and 1 girl who received certificates, but did not graduate. 

t Includes two who are simultaneously working and continuing their education. 



50 1945 Report op Maryland State Department of Education 



UMOU>tUjf)i 



o 1- <M 



00 • • ■ ; • 



O «D t 



, OS o 05 o ec OS 
' ec eo w Tj< (N 



; -"a; oo i-h 



; "i" N 00 N 00 00 



0«l ! 



sjajoqBq pus sjo:^BJ8do 



SJBJOq'BT puB 



005 ecio 



O i-H 00 N 



t^OOCCCO^Oi-H-^CCCOt* 



TtO (NOOCO 



OOOWN 



I05 lOOifl 



sjaJiJOAi paipui;H i 
puB sa\BS 'iBOUaio ' 



■^■^ 'cjrHooo '«D,-ieo(N 



I i-H : «D ; lO 00 



'i-(CO 



)it !CR'«t05 _ O rH eO ■<1< i-H ; ;t- |lHT)<t> 



O i-H 1-H U5 



!T-(t-INC^)0«0>lt5t>OOOOW«Ot>0>NCvIC500CJ«D 



0<0«>«D 



■«J|00Tjir-ia>;DU3OiT-(C<l«'HU5 



lootDec^iH 

'0S(NU5Tft- 



SuuaqranT i ^ 
'3aiqstj[ 'aj'minouSv ^ 



sjo:>aud 



'g>eo '(M 



N ' 'i-l 



00 CI iH 



-ojj puB ]Buoissajojj I ^ 



aoiAjas 

IBAB^ JO XJB4111I^ 



I'- 



araoH ^« 3ui3iio^ 
puB araoH SuiXb^s 



OS 05 rH t- ; rH o 00 00 o CO o 00 o to o> iH o ■>* Ko eo CO 



:u5 iOi-H 



pauJBj^ 



OOOS «0 



rH ?o 00 i-H lo t> ; Oi eo t- 1> Tj< t- N N t- 1- 00 ec 
eo 00 05 00 05 oi ' r-i 00 00 eo uo eo U5 1- eo lo t- Ti< o> OS 00 



T}teo«o«o 



rji 00 «0 
OOUOlO 



; io»H(Na5t-oeo"3eot>t-t><5>u5ooooO'*eo 
'«c;oiot-ooo«0'OTj<oou5coi-ne'-<'^«i-icD 



S]ooqos oisnj^ jo i^jy 



-\\]M 'sasjno3 looqos I ' ' ^ 
q3iH a:^BnpBj3^so<j i „ i o o oo 
puB iCjo^BjBdajj a3anoO I | ^'c^j-i 



(N ojoooo ; :u50s :c.-i 



siocqog SuiuaAg puB 

^BIOjaUIUIOQ 'IBUOI^BOO^ j 



oc<irHTj<io«ot-0500N03io^»Hmc<it- ;r-<t-Nooeo 
iH «c » (N OS to 00 eo lo t- «o 00 .-I eo < 



3uiuiBjj^ jaqoBaj, jo \^ 
sa3an'oo sjaqoBax a^s^JS pq 



X:)isjaAtufi JO a38|]OQ 



sa:tBnpBjr) 
JO jaquinN F^oj, 



I O ^ ! N 

'i-iNoo 'eo 



oi ooN ;o5io t- 



: OS i-i t- N Tj< ( 

' rH eo 00 C^] T-H 1 



oosou; 
oos ON 
O 00 ooicT 
\ooot-o 



I eo to 

)01 T-l 

)T0«O 
It-C<l<Ot-O500C0(M 



■<S<(MOt>(NeOOOOO<M«OC-OgOO' 
00 o > 



OS « «0 lO CO 00 - 
(N t- tH t- OS t- ■ 

eo -<J«^ IM (N ^e<5 Tl< (M kij CO c<icq»-no«DTj<»ooos 



I ec 



«o »-H «o eo 

lOOOOOO 



CO OS Oi 00 - 



o t-ko 00 

kO,-t00«D 

t-ooo-^_^ 



00 N t» "5 '-H 00 OS ' 



ikfiiCOOS«)«0-^00(NtO 

>i-i«oio-^iooooocoos 
eo eo <N »H 



iooos-<j<'*ost-rHtO'-ieoNi-<ooooc4 
leoosososooTjicot-eoeaN'^eot-osrf 



9ios '-'< 
<os05os< 



B 

Eh 



c 



t: ^ c g c $ 



S c M 



1111 r^i|ii|||i 1511111 



Occur ATioNS IN 1944-45 of White County 1944 High School Graduates 



51 



TABLE 33— Distribution of White 1944 County Boy and Girl Graduates According to 
Specific Occupations Reported under Each General Classiftcation in Table 32 



Classification of Workers 



I Professional and Semi-Pro- 

FESSIONAL 

a Actors and Actresses 

c Dancers, Showmen, 

Athletes 

d Draftsmen 

e Laboratory Technicians, 

dental, medical 

g Musicians 

h Photographers 

j Radio announcers and 

broadcasters 

m Teachers 

Unclassified '-. 



Boys 



II Agriculture — Farming. 
a Managers or owners.. 

b' Foremen 

c Laborers (paid) 

d Laborers (impaid) 



Ill Proprietors, Managers 

AND Officials, Except Farm 

c (6) Retail trade 

Unclassified 



IV Clerical, Sales and 

Kindred Workers 

a Baggage men, express 

messengers, railway 

mail clerks 

b Bookkeepers and payroll 

clerks 

c Cashiers 

d File Clerks 

e Mail carriers 

f Messengers and errand boys 

and girls, except express 

g Meter readers 

h Office and Calculating 

Machines 

i Shipping, receiving and 

stock clerks 

j Stenographers, typists, ' 

secretaries 

k Telephone operators 

m Tellers (bank) 

n Ticket sellers 

o Timekeepers 

p Other clerical or kindred 

workers 

t Insurance agents and 

brokers 

w Other salesmen or sales- 
women 



V Craftsmen, Foremen and 
Kindred Skilled Workers . 

d Carpenters 

f Electricians 

g Machinists, millrights, 

tool makers 

h Mechanics, repairmen 

k Plumbers, gas and steam 
fitters 

1 Photo finishers 

m Printing craftsmen, except 
compositors and type- 
setters 

n Radio servicemen 

q Other craftsmen and 

kindred workers 



VI Operatives and Kindred 
Workers 

a Apprentices, helpers, 
learners 

b Assembly small parts 

c Attendants: Filling station 
parking lots, airports .... 

d Chauffeurs, bus, taxi and 
truck drivers, delivery 
boys 

g Laundry operators and 
laundresses (except 
private families) 

h Linemen and servicemen: 
telegraph, telephone, 
power 

i Mine operators and 

laborers 

m Riveters 

n Sailors and deck hands, 
except U. S. Navy 



281 
15 
11 

164 
91 



161 
2 



Girls 



109 

16 
3 

9 
18 



24 



1,798 



32 
7 

146 



16 

20 

666 
60 
7 
4 
2 

671 
1 

157 



Total 



291 
15 
11 
165 
100 



1,959 
2 



7 

151 
3 

10 
1 

16 

27 

695 
63 
7 
5 
3 

728 



199 



143 

18 
13 

12 
18 
3 



Classification of Workers 

o Welders 

p Woodworkers 

q Other operatives and kin- 
dred workers 

VII Domestic Service Workers 
I.N Private Families 

Cooks, laundresses, nurses, 
servants, etc 

Girls marked running 
their own homes, not 
otherwise occupied 

VIII Protective Service 
Workers 

a Guards and watchmen 

b Life guards 

c Soldiers, sailors, marines, 
coast guards 

IX Service Workers Except 
Domestic and Protective.... 

a Barbers, beauticians, 

manicurists, hairdressers 
c Cooks, except in private 

family _ 

e Housekeepers, stewards, 
hostesses, except private 

family 

g Practical nurses. 



Waiters, bartenders, 

waitresses, barmaids 

Other service workers, ex- 
cept domestic and pro- 
tective 



X Laborers, Except Farm and 

Mine... 

a Fishermen and oystermen 
c Lumbermen, craftsmen, 

woodchoppers 

d Other specified laborers 



VI and IX Operatives and Kin- 
dred Workers and Labor- 
ers Not Otherwise Speci- 
fied BY Industry 
6n-10e Manufacturing 

1 Food, drugs, and kindred 

products 

2 Cotton manufactures 

3 Rayon manufactures 

5 Apparel and other fabri- 

cated textile products... 

6 Woodworking, lumber, 

furniture and lumber 
products 

7 Paper, paper products, 

printing 

9 Chemicals, petroleum and 
coal products 

10 Leather and leather prod- 
ucts, except footwear 

11 Rubber products, except 
footwear 

12 Footwear industries..- 

14 Iron, steel, and not speci- 
fied metal industries...... 

15 Non-ferrous metals and 
their products.. 

16 Machinery 

17 Aircraft and aircraft 
equipment 

19 Ships - 

Defence 

Ordnance 

Unclassified 



6s-10f Non-m.anufacturing.... 
2 Railroads including rail- 
road repair shops 

4 Communication 

6 Wholesale, retail trade 

Unclassified 



Unclassified.... 

Odd jobs 

Staying home.. 

Death ... 

Other 



24 XII Unknown. 



Boys 



1,273 
1 
1 

1.271 



Girls 



1945 Report of Mar\*la.\d State Department of Education 



'\OQ s^uarao^ 




1 - 

1 




; :<H : : . : 










_ 










eg 








sauSy 
•iS -IK 













•as -IIV 1 - I 



JO AJISjaAlU — 



s.aqof -IS s: 



s.qdasof -jg 



Ajmiiuias I 



jaqonoQ o 



aamusux 



3 -X 'S 













pooH 














X 






■J -x -s 



















t- — M 3C 



supidoH suqof p 



; -O-X-S 



aSano3 
uoiSuiqsB^ 



pUBl-VIBJ^^ 

ujajsa^ 


C 


C -HTfO . — o M — TT X — l2 M ?j^qc^jc^N 
sr. (N : - 




— — . 12 — — IS — — nig _ cgso , 


pUB|.VJBI^ 

JO XiisjaAtu;;^ 










I^IOX 


a 






jg eo t- 1- T t3 c eo e; Oi ec ta la TP o r? — T- eo 



»?»"'- 

ffi O C OB 




Maryland Colleges Attended by 1944 County White High School 
Graduates; Occupations 1944-45 of 1944 County Colored High 
School Graduates 







N»-Ht-in 00 iNt- ; '.eowoj ; : :'-t(Mo5 :.-i«o ^ , .n 
t>eot-x 


m 




30IAJ3S J^M^O 


o 




pq 


in o ^ t- »-i .; i-H ;; ; in . eo 1-1 1 ;; "-^ 
•-i-^eoc-^ 


aoiAjag 


o 


t- Ti< o CO w in 00 N ""t i-t itoeoooeo ;«o ; t-i tj* m tj< ,«0'-i 
^ S N c3 


P3 




asuajaQ puB 


. 1 


5D00INC- o ;<o ;in ; : ;inc^c^ .txN 
i-H t> ;o 


PQ 1 


c^iino-^ CO ; ;;rHCO;;:o:N.;;:;(Ni-i.:';-* 

NOli-HOO 


saAi^BjadQ 


O 


; . o o oi ; in ; ; : ; 1 ; ; . CO ; : . i-H . ; ; ; ; 1 '; 

' ' (M 


PQ 


; CO t> eg , eg ;£);;;;;; ^ ^ ; ,_| , I ;; ^ ,;; I 
'i-Hin-^f 


uaois^jBjQ 


m 


; . in 00 in i-h :; ,:; ; 


pajpui;^ puB 
'saiBS 'iBouai3 


o 


NooNsD CO t-incoiN irH jTteo ■'^^ i'"' '•'^ 

»H CO 00 


PQ 


T}<inoTi< (N ; ;.-H : : . ; ; ; ; ; ,05 ; irH I : ; : 
•^inco'^ 


B SUIUIJBJ 

puB ajn:jinou3y 


O 


;inc~(N o ;;:.N;;;in:,;', ,;;:i-h:;;c<i 

'(NCOM 


m 


in;D(Nco i-H T)<05 iinoo .i-icg ;i-icoc^c^co :i-h<ci 
ooooinoa ■ .--i 

CO r-l -H M 


aoiAjag IBAB^ 

JO .(CjB^I{I]/\[ 


w 


:c<|;oi-< in ,eo ;<Ni-( ;t)<tj< ,t}<,-h jtooocai-iTtinco-^co 

' t> o 
CO eg 


axuojj 
;b Suij^jo^ 
puB amoH 
iB 3ulv^B:^s 




«dooioti< CO corH ;,-(eOrH :(D ;inc<i ;'«j<i-i :(M ;w :eo 


PQ 


coco ;tj< rH t-H ;;;; r ; 
in 1-H ■ 


paujB]/^ 


O 


CO i-H o CO 05 ; Tf ; tH ; cvI . . «D N : i-h . ; co 




ooqos 
oisnj^ JO 'HY 


1 


PQ 


: : : • : i : i i i i i i i : i i i i i i i i i i 


looqos 
|Buol:^B0OA 

JO 1BI0J9XUUIO3 


O 


CONOCO CO i-iomeo ;t-i :cv4eo .•<r icvaeo^-i -.i-ii-i :ia-rv 
eocot>o"* '"' 


m 


•tTfoit- o ;eo :»Hei ! ; ; ; ; ; .»h , :^ , ; 
eo^eo'"' 


aSanoo 
sjaqDBaj, aiB:js 


o 


rH o 00 :eo»-i ;«OT-teo .eo : i-h ri co c<i i-h o5 N .co(M 

••••■<*; ; ; ; : ; : 
in rH o> 


PQ 


i-Ht>.^(>q CO rHN ; : ; ; ; I : ,rHrH I irH : ; , ; ; ; ; 
1 eoTj*eo(N 


:S^isjaAiufi 
JO aSa^oo 


O 


1 OOrHt-O 05 »-H N t- rH i-H (M , C<I CO , 1 rH CO N (M 1 CO CO 1 Irt C- 

i • • • • T# ; ; ; ; ; 

1 CO CO 05 rH 


m 


rHOCOlM CO IrHTj" ;,-H . ;-<tTl<C<IrH '.CO 1 IrHOS ICO 

• • • • CO : ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; : ; 

(M rH 


saciBnpBJf) JO 
jaqmnjs[ ib:^oj, 


o 


co-<trHt- c- CO CO CO o o o> rH rH CO eg ; CO eo o (M (M o (N IN in 

eOTfO-'i' •'S' rHrfCOrHrH rHCOTfrHN •,,-(rH-«JI,-H,-HCOrH COIN 

CO ^ ^ ^ ^ 


PQ 


t-coeoco CO CO t- CO CO Tj< in eo OS o o rH Tji o o> T}" T}< f in -^t 

NeOCOt- t> (Mt-H y-> rHCOrHrH rH (N rH rH (M rH 

N M (M N IM 




'2rH » ^ 

CO^^S 

i 

rH'-' 

<N^CO-J^ 



.5 

.5 „- w -r- 

3 tn 03 tn 

St: 

CIS 2 



.2 Qj'O.t:'^ 
« a c bo c 

3 M - 

jf <M ^ -I 5 CO & 



CJ.2 w 3 3 

Is 1 1 



0) 



54 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



Art 


w 1 ooo ;dooo : ;eo i iMCJOic^t- iiooo : : ; ;eco»-i 
u osirt ^ ; i ; leo CO CO ICO ; ; : ii-toaio 


Boys 


OOt^ rH t*»-HOi ! ICO I IiOiHTH<MC0 I^C<] I i I^C^Gi 

ooi-i th rH ; ! : ;eo CO c<i itht-i ; ; ii-nn*-^ 
00 00 


Music 


Girls 


(MTjt lo oeooi c<i CO X CO 00 00 t-ai 005 N it- joooo— i 

tgrH TjfCO^D ,Tj<Q0t-(Ne0«O«5t>t>'^e0U5 ,t- ,iX>50«)<0 


Boys 


eo(M t> ot-a> ; o o »i5 Tjt lo kfi t- U5 Tji 00 c<i '.-^ imeoioo 

T^*-^ Tl* tJ* !03t— ^CCCOW5U3t— OOCOW^ 100 ICO^COO 
t- t- 


Physical 
Education 


Girls 


0?U5 ? ^Sst^^HSoOt^^So? ^00c2 ^ ?^ 05 S S S « 


Boys 


rH to CD t— ; CD O ^ t— rH lO I lO CO I t— ^ t— CO ^ ^ 

oo t- icxoi ; Oi t- (N CD 00 05 t-os 100 00 ; 05 Tj< t- 1- CO 


Business 
Subjects 


Girls 


rHC- CO o t> i-i t- 00 oj 00 CO CO o th c- 00 irt o> ^ 00 ■<i< 00 CD o 

vncD 00 U3 N iH --it 1-1 M (N CO CO IN M CO Tj< tH CO Tl< CO (N eo CO 


Boys 


CJ5CO 00 (N 00 Tjt IM ifS t- O (N 05 O lO C- (N O CO lO 05 IN 00 »-l CO 
t-T)< CO »-lr-t (N rH W CO iH i-H rH rH CO N CO (N N CO 
O 

CO* CO 


aan^jnouSy 


Boys 


■*rH OS c©c<ioo«5cDOJ ;-<*.HcoiH050 :tj< ico ;cooot- ; 

coi-i ; iH CO CO CO CO : i-* ;rH.Hr-t ; 

O "3 

co"--? 


JHome 
Economics 


|BUOI^BDO^ 


Girls 


ooth coM< icoiocokoco : ;rHt-a> ;coootj<ot ;u3io ;t- 
00-^ iH rHiH ;corjfco ; ;t-T»<oo ; rH coco : ih : 
00 00 

CO* CO* 


|BJ9U8{) 


Girls 


CO ^ ^ ^ ^ ' ^ CO iH 05 iH ^ 1 00 ^ CO t— ^ 00 1 00 CO CO CO CO 

t-00 Ti<u3co ; -H -"t lo CO CO ;coco"3coio ; lO tj< in lo 


JIndustrial 


uot^Bonpa 


1 

Boys 


coco t— ^ot^ ; 'C5^ 'ooooio ■ 'o ; ' 
00 1> r-i,H : ; : ; ; ; i ; ; i ieo : : 




Boys 


•^co ^ ■^o-H loo'^ko icoooiHCOcocot— 00 'Cico^ooco 
o-H la eot>t- iTft-t- ; Ti< ,H ifl ic CO CO CO ; eo co co 

O>_00__ 

«*oo" 
++ 


French 

and 
Spanisht 


Girls 


oct- CO o o CO CO i« coos oco CO vo 05 rH t- 00 OrH OS r-ieo CO 

ooo J-i rHCOrHr^ rH r-l rH rH iH CO CO iH rH iH rH rH 

CO 

CO* CO* 


Boys 


coos 00 CO lO 00 U5 CO 00 OS 00 « eO CO C- CO lO t- t- lO CD CO t- C- CO 

OCO rH iH iH 

,HCO_^ 


Latin 


Girls 


^ iO (M lO ^ ^ I ^ ^ ^ ^ 00 00 00 'H 
COOO rH r-l rHCOrH rH CO 1 rH CO CO rH rH ,H rH rH rH 

os__os 

CO*CO* 


Boys 


t-iO rH CO CO CO 00 Tj" IC rH -rj" Tjt O 1 iH CO CO CO Tf t- CO lO O tJ" O 
t-__00_^ rH rHrH rHrH.rH rHrHrH rH ^HrHrHrH 


Mathe- 
matics 


Girls 


ia-ni OS o CO CO CO '<^< "5 00 CD CO lo OS rH OS OS i« o 00 OS 00 "5 iH OS 

O lO kO CO U5 t- CD t- CO CD CO lO CD W5 CO lO 00 CO U5 lO CD 
COCO* 


Boys 


OSOS CO OS OS t- CO OS OS W5 t- CO rH CO CO CO 00 O 00 CO U5 CO CO rH t- 
gW t- CO t> t- 00 «0 CO 00 t- CD t- t- t- t- t- 00 00 lO CD t- t- t- 

co*co* 


Science 


Girls 


rHTji 00 CD lO 00 OS CD TJ< t> t> O CO CO t> ^ O t- 00 ^ CO 00 00 CO 
CO CO CO CD OS t- CO t- t> t- 00 t~ t- CD CO CO i« t- t- t- Tj< CD CO t- 

eo*co* 


Boys 


CO lO OS O t- CO O CO 00 to CO lO •r}< t- Tji O CO O "5l< U5 irt OS CO t- o o 
«g t- 00 C~ 00 O OS t> 00 00 CD 00 t- 00 OS CD t> t- C- 00 t- t- CD OS 00 

C0*C>1* 


Social 
Studies 


Girls 


OS lo lO OS ^ CO OS OS t- CO o CO o CD rH o ^ 00 OS 00 CO 00 CO CO CO 
OrH 00 t> X t- OS ooos OS o X OS t-os OS 05 1> OS CD xos 00 00 w 00 

CD lO iH 

t-*t> 


Boys 


t-OS lO ox lO CD CD t- OOS lO OCO OS OS lO ICOS iC O X lO CO t- 
COCO X t— t— XOSOSOSOOSOOXOSXOSXt^OSCDOSOSXt— XX 
l>OS 1-1 

eo*co* 


Total 
Enrollment* 


Girls 


20,514 
20,690 


■"^COOiO-^t^OOSOSOSCDXOiOrHCOiOC-Xr-iioCOrH 

cDt--<tcocococDeococoTj<osxioxcoiocoorHCDCOX 

O Tt<__-<# rH CO OS CD CO >0 C0__lO X CO CO lO CO__CO CO CO CO -^CD CO 
CO*rHCO* rH* rH*CO* iH* 


Boys 


16,227 
16,408 


OlrtrHCO-^OSOCOrHrHOSUSCOlOOCOlrtt-XCOCDC-CO 

COXrJfrH^COTfCOOiC-^OOXlCinOiOCOvCCOOOS 
Tj<rHXrH00t-lOC0C0 O^-^ t- CO rH CO^X_^CO rH CO CO rH lO CO 
r-TrHCO* rH* rHrH* rH 



3 OS OS 



s ; a; 2 (- -u 
O ' -rT^ ^ O 

b S', S S 



a^gt^.Sd iSj-ci^'S^ iS^l^s^, 
^c2>£fc^53^'gl:'5gc g.S^^g£■ 
<3 <; pq U O U O O Q O W W 14 S CM C cw w Eh I 



Ph Coo t/J Eh ^ ^ ^ 



6 



wi2 

I 

CJ 
0) 

Ph 



High School Enrollment Distributed by Subjects Taken 55 



IC ,-1 
00 «5 

CO 



^ooo ;t-<75'OOt-OTj<mt-ooo5e»5moN :oooo 
eoiMOi ; 00 CO Oi «D « i-H t- 00 «o OS 00 t- OS o itOrH 

CO rH iH .H.-I r-l tH .H N rH 



<£>O500 ;t>CT> :;o-^ocoi-it-c~o .'i-ioos'^oo 

oivxji ;oot}< : 00 «5 cc t- 1> 00 t-< o ;oo50eoi£i 

XOO'-l X X'-H'-H XX (M l-l,-<rH XW 

X XX XX 



oot-t- iTfos ;o5 o (N in OS to r^^rjitoos 
xoos ;os« ; Tj< U5 t- in «5 00 i-H 1-1 ;«onos'H»h 

(NX X X--! XX r-> X»H XrH 



!« O 

00 



OS O N O I 
(NOS 00< 
OS 00 



COOS o T)< 00 'Ji* 1-H OS 00 o OS ;o u5 to 00 eo N t> w 05 t- N 
<o«o eo CO OS ^ ic in OS eo i» 00 1- 1- 00 (N 00 « «o t> i-< th rH 

ton eOr-lr-( ,-l,H (N T-t Nr-I 



oio ^ t-oo r-i ;£> 00 00 o o in lo ooin CO o oos CO oc<i 
«o in CO in OS i-H 00 in OS r-i rH to o CO 00 o OS 00 CO >-• 00 

00 00 CO rH rH rH rH rH >-H rH rH rH CO rH 



rH-* O CO t> eg O 00 t~ t> «0 rH OS CO i-H rH CO rH rH rH Tjt 00 O 

rH eg -OS <£> OS 00 N o <£> 00 CO in «o in ix> eg 00 rH in eg 

00 00 eg rnrn rH rH rH rH 



t- eg in t- in CO in OS 00 «D OS o o in rH 1-1 00 in 00 o in T}< ;o eg 
ot- rH M< OS rH ^ in t~ eg CO rH t- 1- «£> eg ;d 00 OS «D CO eg 00 

Cg-HrH rHrHrHiH ,H N rH Cg rH 



CO-* eg eg «o eg CO OS t> eg CO CD rH in o 00 OS t- rH in «r> in rH 
inco CO OS ;d t- CO eg o t- 00 «> t- OS CO Tj< eg in rH eg eg 

t-OO eg rHrH rH rH rH rH 



2 g M 



rHTjiooint-ojooo-^o-^int-osineorHOos-^oocg 
coososrHoo-<*inos:oeorHi>ooooco«oosococDoo 

COrHrH rH rH rH rH rH Cg rH rH i-H Cg rH 



in 

OS OS 



o c m 

C ci a <A a> J3 o ^ m o 0) ^ • 

^HtjcQoooooopLnWffiuiSa^aoQi 



1^8 S 



56 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 38 

Enrollment* in Each Year of Last Four Years of Maryland County High 
Schools for White Pupils by Year, 1925-1945 



Year 



III 



IV 



Post- 
Graduates 



Total 



1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935. 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945 



6.772 
7,558 
7,871 
8,487 
8,587 
9,038 
9,777 
9,662 
10,548 
10,629 
11,072 
11,267 
11,267 
11,256 
12,064 
12,k,06 
12,554 
12,496 
12,543 
12,li,4 
12,314 



4,453 
4,777 
5,363 
5,636 
6,100 
6,292 
6,969 
7,636 
7,658 
8,016 
8,162 
8,749 
8,907 
8,883 
9,332 
10,073 
10,342 
10,440 
10,087 
9,764 
9.842 



3,281 
3,610 
3,856 
4,257 
4,694 
5,080 
5,490 
6,070 
6,720 
6,381 
6,731 
6,927 
7,456 
7,586 
8,062 
8,352 
8,848 
8,804 
8,579 
8,065 
8,201 



2,732 
2,748 
3,067 
3,178 
3,612 
3,981 
4,338 
4,646 
5,207 
5,404 
5,110 
5,526 
5,675 
6,080 
6,478 
7,041 
7,323 
7,515 
7,161 
6,814 
6.783 



26 
21 
153 
169 
91 
153 
127 
93 
113 
198 
186 
158 
61 
24 
11 
14 



17,238 
18,693 
20,157 
21,558 
22,993 
24,417 
26,595 
28,167 
30,302 
30,521 
31,i;28 
32,596 
33,398 
33,918 
36,134 
37,858 
39,225 
39,316 
38,394 
36,778 
37.154 



For enrollment of individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 258 to 263. 
* Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer and death. 



TABLE 39 

White Pupils Enrolled* in Various English Courses in Maryland 
County High Schools for the Year 1944-45 









English 








COXJNTY 












Journal- 


Public 














ism 


Speak- 




I 


III 


IV 


V 




ing 


Total 1943-44 


12,122 


10,003 


8,125 


7,064 


25 


311 


310 


1944- 45 


12,345 


10,088 


8,326 


6,846 


78 


400 


307 


Allegany 


1,133 


984 


802 


686 




93 


36 


Anne Arundel 


912 


733 


608 


508 






2,059 


1,724 


1,430 


1,136 




95 


37 


Calvert 


101 


80 


52 


53 




Caroline _ 


203 


191 


184 


131 


11 






Carroll 


509 


445 


381 


333 


16 


71 


72 


Cecil 


437 


317 


266 


193 




20 




Charles 


165 


168 


121 


103 






Dorchester 


311 


239 


210 


168 


29 






Frederick 


742 


619 


518 


448 








299 


265 


237 


205 




40 




Harford 


557 


426 


360 


285 






Howard 


242 


180 


157 


118 








Kent 


135 


122 


101 


85 




8 




Montgomery 


969 


733 


612 


518 




50 


162 


Prince George's 


1,461 


1,101 


885 


682 




23 


Queen Anne's 


135 


127 


107 


95 






St. Mary's 


121 


100 


96 


71 








Somerset. 


148 


157 


111 


124 








Talbot 


157 


155 


133 


130 








Washington 


945 


735 


548 


422 








Wicomico 


402 


296 


274 


193 


22 






Worcester 


202 


191 


133 


159 















* Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, or commitment to an institution. 



White County High School Enrollment in English and Mathematics 57 

Courses 



TABLE 40 

White Pupils Enrolled* in Various Branches of Mathematics in the Maryland 
County High Schools by Year 1935 to 1945, and by County, 1944-45 



Year 

AND 

County 



1934- 35 

1935- 36 
1936 37 

1937- 38 

1938- 39 

1939- 40 

1940- 41 

1941- 42 

1942- 43 

1943- 44 

1944- 45 



O 



3,881 
5,838 
6,174 
6,309 
15,861 
6,994 
7,550 
7,663 
7,780 
6,905 
7,335 



C3 § 



tl,182 
1,360 
1,512 
1,503 
1,639 
1,479 
1.453 



8,508 
7,384 
7,292 
7,172 
7,594 
6,404 
5,834 
5,638 
5,794 
6,369 
6,220 



3,865 
3,598 
3,482 
3,225 
3,255 
3,400 
3,057 
2,717 
2,757 
3,100 
£.973 



4,269 
4,183 
3,9S8 
4,033 
3,643 
3,897 
3,533 
3,366 
3,092 
3,288 
3,377 



713 
792 
757 
694 
676 
764 
727 
667 
714 
793 
763 



528 
533 
500 
558 
594 
610 
637 
536 
520 
364 
447 



260 
330 
241 
281 
136 
133 
184 
167 
391 
579 
547 



502 
418 
339 
161 
58 
88 
78 
81 
211 
162 
189 



193 
178 
43 
32 
208 
436 
475 
685 
599 
600 
548 



O CQ 



447 
284 
983 
1,?34 
1,033 
1,173 
1,065 
919 
885 
1,022 



80 
355 
818 
360 
317 
225 



By County, 1944-45 



57 
76 
155 
14 
33 
29 
10 


43 
59 
87 


54 
28 
45 




165 
125 
87 


69 
363 






























- 24 
10 


33 






25 
50 


27 


29 
101 














20 




129 




72 




99 
42 
41 


^8 








22 
17 




39 
27 
28 
18 
15 
118 
46 
30 
7 
32 




37 


26 










11 
71 
111 


11 
65 
73 




4^ 






23 


12 




36l 












9 




9 
















9 
48 
21 


9 
20 
20 








71 






159 


7 




26 





















1 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline. 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery .. . 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's ... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



506 




667 


259 


524 


46 


424 


172 


1,288 


263 


1,067 


656 


67 


55 


32 


31 


123 


122 


94 


58 


330 


40 


301 


129 


272 


121 


193 


107 


131 


9 


84 


22 


243 


31 


92 


72 


430 




283 


140 


255 


19 


167 


10 


403 


205 


192 


159 


161 


41 


99 


37 


90 


49 


61 


29 


440 


72 


620 


252 


728 


34 


794 


302 


121 


82 


9 


63 


86 


57 


59 


30 


99 


40 


73 


51 


106 




55 


38 


663 




277 


213 


62 




369 


123 


207 


167 


74 


20 



283 
209 
580 
15 
13 
141 
121 
70 
50 
214 
70 
109 
47 
50 
370 
458 
22 
15 
17 
41 
310 
139 



* Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, deaths, or commitment to an institution. 

% In 1938-39 general matehmatics was separated for the first time into I and II. 

t Enrollment showr includes all classes in business arithmetic and business training taught by 

teachers certificated for mathematics. The remaining classes in these subjects appear in Tables 

41 and 45, pages 58 and 61. 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



1 

Is 


i 1 ; i 

i ; ; ; 
: I ; ; 

■ ■ ] ■ 


i 




: \ iii 

i i 




It 


MM 


1,245 
1,452 
1,336 
1,416 
1 298 
l!l69 




574 
868 
953 
861 
1,057 
1,387 
1,761 
2,011 
1,732 
1,661 
1,614 




ins? 

1 ; i 




ll 


NT 






490 
445 
n,355 
689 
812 
610 
583 
687 
454 
415 
494 


ilh 
III a 


llllllillll 


ill 


IBIIIIi 


Far 
Eastern 
and Latin 
American 
Relations 




i 1 i 


II 


i 


3,923 
3,849 
4,327 

4,417 
3,791 
8,147 
2,747 
2,366 
1,820 
1,782 


1 


llllllillll 


1 


I 


Ililillll 


Civics 

and 
Social 
Studies I 


lllillill 


Year and 
County 


1934 35 

1935- 36 : 

1936- 37 

1937- 38 


1939 40 

1940- 41 

1941- 42 

1942 43 

1943- 44 

1944- 45 



«.:..: 

! ; i ; 


M M :S M M ! 
• ■ i i i i • i • 




M M?3 

i ■ • • 


i- M " 1 M 

■ i i • 1 i 

= : ' ■ : ^ ' 


• ■ i : • 


1,072 
18 


- i 1 M- M i"- 


^ ; : ; i 

: ; : I 






ss is 5 

i i 




ieceo : i-^ : ; 
. . . . •^1-^ . .t- ! : 


NMi 


04 : : : i 
M ; . . . 

HI! 


i i M i M M M 


2 • = i i 

^MM 

Mil 


S : : : ;S 

CJ i ; : ; 

MM 


s Ma js |»ss i is 

MM M 


i i i ! i 






ff\ 


! M M 11= is i 


: i : i i ! 

M M i 


N '?o o ; 
« .ot- . 


ot- i iio : :.-H00o> i 


js ;i 


• 


"2 siMsp 


\ i 

: i ! 

: i 


see ^ssi^asis§gi-"S2i2 


I 


Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 


Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 


Somerset :.. 

Talbot 

Washington 

Worcester. 



County White High School Enrollment in Social Studies and Science 

Courses 



59 



II >C3oioia 



t-(MOO 



■<1<05 00 



(M 



t- i-H O «0 t- Oi t- 
00 <D t- N 1-1 M Tl< 



05 N t-H (M <-< »-i 00 b- 
CO t> t- IC CD t- 



Oi00W>«De0U5«O(M»OO500 



II aDuaps pa^BPH 



I aouaps p9;BpH 



1 1 xaoioig; 



I jBjauao 



as >- 



•n«CT>000(MOi0005kOCT>0 



CO eo o t- «o 

«Nt>00 00 



eo«ooo«OiOO©-^j«e>5NTj< 

kOO^i-KCOSNOOIMO-^ 

^ ^ ''i, 

t*t*0000009^00 00 00 0COO 



os-^oot-coecTHeoosmo 
oo«ooecoseo«eooot- 

000000009)^0^00)0)G> 



U5«0t»000JO<-tNe0^»O 
Tf<U5«Ot-OOOSOi-lN«Tl' 



l005»H^«500'-IOeO«OeOTl<eO«D050NOc<IiHiJ5«DU5 

«DOt-ONO> --looec-Nuji-noeoirtO^OTHTtTr^ooo 



Tj»o> ; ;oo 




cj o "5 o t> 05 t- OS oo'r-i in ^ eo o N o 00 
t'e<ioooooo»co5«.-<t-aieoT}<Nt-w«s<oou50>iot-ai 

CJTJ««D eO N r-l CM '* i-( CO 1-1 1-H CO »H ^ lO N rH 



OjrHT(«iooieo05rj«,HoooeOTj<oomNOooa5eocoo 
os'^ooo)«'<j'c^oiecooiC5«oM«oioiocM<oa5eoioo 



= . : ■ ; I • • 

; : : i i ifcSS J I 

S"*^etis=; iSiCtJuC ;S)<u-rt2*'. 
> £ t=G S g-g t-E ^1 g| p |£i 



Ji 



>» 



2 es >> "S 



SO) w 
CO 
0) t. 



(-> C U 

o u - £ 
OS St.© 



bfi O 



15 e ill 



" en c 



60 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 43 



White Pupils Enrolled* in the Foreign Languages in the Maryland County High 
Schools for Years Ending June 30, 1925 to 1945 



Year Ending 
June 30 


Latin 


French 


Spanish 


German 


-r, 

oys 


Girls 




Girls 


ys 


Girls 


oys 


Girls 


1925 


2 076 


3,333 


1,411 


2,306 


38 


39 


g 


10 


1926 


2)154 


3,497 


1)400 


2)428 


31 


29 


6 


2 


1927 


2)335 


3,535 


1)379 


2)532 


24 


17 






1928 


2494 


3,510 


1)420 


2)690 


19 


10 






1929 


2)271 


3)475 


1,656 


2)751 


34 


26 






1930 


2,338 


3,446 


1,567 


2,713 


46 


57 






1931 


2,534 


3,684 


1,598 


2,786 


22 


13 






1932 


2,559 


3,683 


1,762 


2,967 


53 


26 






1933 


2,421 


3,713 


1,989 


3,237 


46 


26 






1934 


2,460 


3,746 


1,850 


3,149 


30 


28 






1935 


2,272 


3,409 


1,601 


2,966 


36 


52 






1936 ... 


2,106 


3,208 


1,604 


2,872 


36 


48 






1937 


2,141 


3,218 


1,589 


2,617 


36 


29 


id 


3 


1938 


2,115 


3,155 


1,545 


2,664 


34 


20 


27 


10 


1939 


2,249 


3,276 


1,547 


2,663 


25 


29 


17 


5 


1940 


2,115 


3,328 


1,468 


2,594 


33 


48 


5 


5 


1941 .: 


1,965 


3,325 


1,409 


2,457 


58 


59 






1942 


1,856 


3,032 


1,168 


2,197 


163 


194 






1943 


1,755 


2,845 


875 


1,852 


296 


460 






1944 


1,767 


2,927 


719 


1,652 


384 


736 






1945.. 


1,825 


] 2,986 


877 


1,645 


452 


762 







TABLE 44 

White Pupils Enrolled* in Industrial Work, Agriculture, and Home Economics 
in Maryland County High Schools for Years Ending June 30, 
1925 to 1945 



Year Ending 
June 30 


Industrial 


Agriculture 


Home Economics 


Arts 


Education 


Boys 


General 


Vocational 


1925 


4,338 




814 


6,266 


465 


1926 


4,256 




869 


6,595 


546 


1927 


4,905 


31 


922 


7,304 


618 


1928 


5,341 


39 


948 


7,797 


587 


1929 


5,528 


69 


929 


8,079 


516 


1930 


5,549 


201 


931 


7,690 


543 


1931 


6,107 


368 


1,100 


7,753 


566 


1932... 


6,041 


418 


1,264 


7,461 


770 


1933 


6,380 


520 


1,260 


7,823 


720 


1934 


6,536 


410 


1,278 


7,908 


.780 


1935 


6,873 


403 


1,389 


8,065 


1,040 


1936 


6,928 


772 


1,482 


7,259 


1,330 


1937 


7,489 


521 


1,644 


8,184 


1,324 


1938 


7,844 


578 


1,833 


8,105 


1,793 


1939 


8,318 


842 


2,049 


8,333 


2,613 


1940 


9,415 


892 


2,344 


8,903 


2,920 


1941... 


10,196 


992 


2,355 


9,389 


3,287 


1942 


10,522 


1,100 


2,291 


9,850 


3,603 


1943 


10,731 


1,244 


2,192 


9,674 


3,518 


1944 


8,904 


1,083 


2,014 


9,776 


2,888 


1945 


8,813 


1,072 


1,511 


9,689 


2,841 



* Excluding duplicates and withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, or commitment to an 
institution. 

For 1945 enrollment in individual high schools, see Table XXIV, pages 258 to 263. 



County White High School Enrollment in Foreign Languages 
Practical Arts and Business Subjects 



|w§ 


d 


1 !0;ct-ec 


Disti 
tive 
cati 


m 


:©eot-o 


to 

or 

« s 

.5 o 


d 


1 , loceoiftoooooomoi 




M 


, ; O <N «D C~ 00 00 N CM «D 

. ; rH rH O 




1 o 05 ^ "-I 00 ^ o CO CO 

ift 00 t- C rH OS t> CO 


Com 
cial ! 


pa 


i-HOcasooeotocDcOi-itr-o 

CO tH »— * 05 ^ O CD 


c 

SB 


o 


.^COiC-^CTit-iOiCOlt- 00 
Tf-^JirtOOOOOCOC^J-^t-irt 

T-l N C<l rH T-l 1-H 


Sales 
sh 


PQ 


COt-iC-O^D-^iOOOOOOO 

«5ajTi<Ti<t-r-ooeooo-«i<in 


Office and 

Social 
Practice 


6 


(MO0'-i-^00N00i-i«CCO'-i 

;oo>«D^oowTi<-^eo-^ 
r-itH<NcoeoeoeoiNK>eo 


m 


-^■^(NOlvO-^l'Tj'iOCOtD'-i 
(NMOiCDOOOOOtCINeO-^ 


Typmg 


6 


t-5£>t-OOOt-C3iOeO«DC<l 

t-oo«oo5coeo«oa5.-it-05 

T-( t-H ,-1 N ,-1 


« 


(Nt-eoMN-^-^iMajt-oo 

<0ii5O00T-iOi-<«D;DtDW 

T-( »-( »-l 1-1 »-H tH 1-1 


Commercial 
or Economic 
Geographyt 


o 


00(N«D-^C<Hft'««5t-00eO 

•^ooooi'iiooi'^ooo^c^oo 
'3'eoiftU5;o'^'^cococoeo 


PQ 


00 00Cr-iOt-'-i'-i^-<J<C^C<l 
COrHcO'^'^'^^COCOOJC^ 


m M 
0) C 


C 


^t_t>^^a>coio«r)t-^ 
(Ma>(.oeoooa>oc<ia;-^o 
NcJiflooo^ot-t- 00^00^00^ 


Busi 
Trail 


m 


^coaioo-^i-Hcc-^eocoo 
oc^asfNi-icocDOoeocT) 
'l'"!"*.'^ o o5 OS 


Business or 
Commercial 
Arithmetic! 


d 


Tl>O(MM00tC?005Tj<e0(N 

NcoooeocoTfc^ocoirttc 

"-^ T-4_»-H O N O '-^^05 '-^03 


PC 


(Neoeo(Meoift(Ncoio^05 

"500-^05 0-<^«(MOO;D05(N 

05C— oo«oo>t-ooio;c^<o 

• 


a §> 


d 


T-iift'^;D;CC-«0(MtCCO«D 

05-«i't-i^:oo>eoeooo»oo 

00__ 00 O (>3_ O i-J^^ (N CO 

rHrH,4■(^^(^^c^"c<^^f(^f(^^"(^^ 


1 Bookk 

Accou 

TTT 
iii- 


pd 


.-I0»-""OCOO«C'005'-I'^ 
<-i030'-iirtCCOlCOC-lM'-H 
(NC^C^i-ilNCOOOt-t-t- 




d 


■rfXooo.-ioooOi-ieoco 

•^OlN'-'OSOON'^i-iOCO 
t- O t-^OO tH <N CO 03 t-05_ 

(m'co eococo-^''rj<"-^''-*''-^"Tjr 




r-icDOOcDO<MOOCOeOO 

icovoooc-ooirtint-it- 
U5 CD t- t-__o>_o_Oi_03__iA eo CO 


>. 

Ml 


d 


iM^eot-oico^Oicoooui 

0000-<J<0500C-.-iOOCDOO 
cr 00 03_ 0C__ 00__ C-^ o o;_^ 
03 C<r N (N (N (M* N (nT Co" CO* 


CD 




— lOoccoooio^cDOt- 
eoc^in^t-eoosco^oic- 
oiOJOooot-c-irtin'TiieoiN 


Year 

AND 

County 


lO cd' C- oo' Oi' O t-l' N CO "5 

cocoeoeoco->4'-^'*-<f<*-^ 

■^lOcDt^ocoiOt-cgeOTjt 
eococoeOeoeo-^rt«T:)<Ti<-r!< 



050c-eo 

Tj" N 

T-l tH lO 



i-l'-H03CO'^lrtiftN00 03NCOOONOOO 
CO W CO 1-^ CO 



eoocD 
t-coo 
irtcoos 



030^ 
<M 0> CD 
CO U5 



e0O 0300(NCD00r)<t-t-t>c<lC000'rH00Tj<c- 
iO^00t-(N.-l(NC-C<l^'^Ot-CDC0OINTH 
CO r-l T-l tH tH tfOt- ^jv]^^ 



OfMiOTfOKM-^OOiCOOeOiOOCOfMC-t-CD 
lOC^lOOTrOOt-lOi-HOXNt-O-^r^OOiOOOt- 



05 CO U5 »-l t- N OS O CO CD . CD O t- -rj* Tj< 



■-co 



Qj O ai 

(3 *H p r/, y t_ 



<J<J( 



> 5 c; 

S S 2 

s . 

[S 1^ t- 

^ c S" 

S 3 s 

° C ^' 

HO-;:: 



3 Mo 



62 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 46 

White Pupils Enrolled* in Music, Art and Physical Education in Maryland County 
High Schools for Years Ending June 30, 1931 to 1945 





Music 


Art 


Physical 


Education 


Year Ending 














June 30 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


1931 


7,119 


8,645 


315 


378 


3,594 


3,614 


1932 


7,031 


8,477 


671 


714 


3,976 


4,168 


1933 


7,714 


9,128 


741 


737 


4,722 


4,387 


1934 


7,465 


8,865 


529 


541 


4,601 


4,572 


1935 


7,461 


8,840 


537 


538 


4,813 


4,699 


1936 


7,526 


9,134 


418 


571 


5,413 


5,182 


1937 


7,579 


9,422 


535 


594 


5,483 


5,276 


1938 


7,333 


9,519 


910 


1,159 


5,793 


5,917 


1939 


7,840 


9,967 


1,534 


1,984 


6,935 


6,934 


1940 


7,978 


10,585 


1,836 


2,254 


8,216 


8,168 


1941 


8,635 


11,524 


2,105 


2,472 


9,226 


9,322 


1942 


8,652 


12,064 


2,536 


3,072 


10,534 


11,016 


1943 


8,011 


11,335 


1,919 


2,407 


12,063 


13,277 


1944 


7,743 


11,362 


1,888 


2,298 


12,501 


14,695 


1945 


7,654 


11,217 


1,782 


2,199 


12,507 


14,457 



* Excludes duplicates and withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, or commitment to an insti- 
tution. 

For 1945 enrollment in individual high schools gee Table XXIV, pages 258 to 263. 



County White High School Enrollment in Music, Art, Physical 
Education; Orchestra, Band and Glee Club Participation 



63 



6 




o oo> oot- otciooirt "i«!ooooi . o o lo t!<c^«dc^j o Oiooo<e 

4- -i— i- -t- -t--t- -(-4- -t-H— <— 1- 


pa 


CC CC CO .CO 

^ (N ^ ; 00 
-)— .-1— 






c^Oiio »-(eo .eot- , oo 

-1— -i— -1— 


rfO xr. O C'-HOOt-H 


No. 







Orchestra 


d 


ooeooo c- 00 
■i- 


CO . 
eo ! 












-1— 
















O 








n 


n< «e irt N 


<£> . 












« 
-1— 
























No. 




i 






































w 2-C & C « 



64 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



o 3 
c 

fa ^ 

2; 



to (M "5 O 
1-1 IN t-Oi 



C3 n 5 



i-i O to (N 
lO O 

(NCC OS 



O 3 
fa o 



woo lOTjt 



t- CD 

<N 1-1 



O 05 N (N 

oc o 

i-H <N in cc 



01 be 

^;^fa 



C 3 



O] IN 

t- 00 '-i T}< 

(N (N 



eg o 

r-li- (N (N 



t- tr- 
ee 03 



'Zfa 



c-00 00-^ 
00 00 

OS 05 IN IN 
N (N 



o 3 

o 

fee 

bo t. 

fa =^ 



10 (N «5 10 
O r-l 

N <N eo 03 



IN O t-T}< 
03IN 

03D3 10 Ift 



111 



OOrf 

«D CO O 



CO t~ 
n< 03 



C5 C5 O 



I '-('-icq : ;c<i ;c<i«d 



«T-<oi ;ccooi«o3o?>oot>'HTHa>cn 



1- ; 10 , 



(CO ic^ithos ;c<i 



■^THin io3ict-'Hcgc>i'-tio ;cgt-o3 






Tfc^iin ;o3C<i^o3-'*u3 it-m ioioS'-i'-i'H 


03 CD 'd' 


CD'-l05CJCDt>O'Ht-00 03t--^>-iOC0TH 
'-I C<I CJ "H rH i-H 03 


03 00 O lO CO 


<COOin03t>00 03 00 U3iH>-ICC'*iOTj<C0t>0:l>a5t>r)< 
lOOC^l .-ItHtH ,-IC0^C<I'-I "^X THrHr-( 


Ort<ajt-krtT-lCDOO'-lOiOO>OiCCDCD'-l00 03 U3COC<JU3 
000c- C^a«T}< 00rl<'-iU3C^ CD03tH 1-1 .-1 03 03 C<I 


<D03N'-lTl<U3C00<I'^O03rH'-< W'-l 00 


;eoo5 03T« 


OrfCg ;o3U3CO(>Jt-Tj<Tjie0O5'-lt-'no3 

r-(,-no ; '-• <N 


03 CO 00 •«1< 
CO 


03P3t-rJ<Tj<U'3Tj«03OOT)<O00i-IWTH,H'- 

N03C- rHi-l »HrH 00 


03C0OO00 


eC03'-'03-<J'iCOOC<lTjiO>'-IOOOOa>in»-l03'-IO'*U3VO 
•^OOCO T-l C<I Cvl --H <N 03 r-l tS< »H COCO tH i-l C<I rH 


coo3c<iooioocot-o3oooincot>ioa. oj-^t^t-'-KN—i 

OOTf<03 C<]COLOi-c^iO03CT>03 '^J^ i-l'-l'«^t-o; 









^ «- o J 



_ <d::3 o^-^-f q; a> o cs 



C J7 a; . 

(D O S 03 

e V 



2 d 



c cj rt c« cpj: o S <« =2 o «i^-n 3^ o^t^t>fe 
<3'<pQOOUUOPfaCWWWSPHO'coajE-'t>t>l> 



County White High School Boys and Girls Failing 1 to 4 Subjects 6 

By Class 



1^ 

O 



IN ^ lO 



O 3 
^ C 

^1 



?C O 00 00 



I -^-^ • • 



00 00 «o k« 
00 o 

T^-.^ ooo 



O 3 



.5^ 



CO ec «D ^ 

.1 ,-( <N 



0) bo 



My 
C O 

O 3 

c 

o 



.5^ 



^CO t-CC 



as 00 in 
o o 

(XI CO 



t>co i-H o 



CO (N --I 'I' « ;cO'-i' 



n lO N N U5 ■<* O T)< lOseOCD 



coo ii-ic^icj iTj-r-i : iictj* 



coocco icont-hcv] 



coco ii-icot- ;m 



CO -t rH : N 



in Tjt CO ^ eo -"l* 'I* 1-1 (M :(N-* 



Tji CO o r-i c<i ■<i< icMicimn ; ;eo<o 



:coiC(N ; ic^Jini 















i"!) ; ; ; 
;t3 . : ; 








: \ 


c i i 


egany... 
ne Arun 
Itimore.. 

Ivnrt 

roline.... 
rroU ... 


'E 


arles. ... 

irchester 

Bderick.. 

rrett 

rford... 


-d 
^ c 


o g c 73 : 

M - £ -t 


•3 £ a; 
-C o ^ 


c rt c« s 


U 


ji; c ;:, jj o 0) 







66 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



^ 00 (X) 



NCJ-'^ .OM^-<a'0<M ooiaooow 



^ o 
^. X 
t> oc c- 



CC 05 
(N Oi « 
■^00 05 



;c CO 
OS L': lo 



I ^ <M CO ic ^ 00 oa 'S' (N 05 eo -t c- . ;c a> :o -t t- so 



o;C4S X t> ;d (N ^ eo (N «c ?D ;c 00 in eg !X> o ■ eo n o oo 



OOOO C- t- t> O eg Cl ^ (M C<i m O CO eg CO , CO Tj< «D «5 o c~ 



■ c-Tfo . -i-o o o (N eg CO o o (M (M :oooeoi> 



CO CO 1-1 cgi-i^o -i— o c- o o eg o o T-H eg 



.ooeocoo 



1 c-oj o o eg o 005 , coo •<3' m to o eg o ^ ^ lo t- 



S 

o « 

J 2 



^. 1 



cgcgcj egeoegoeooot-T?«o .ogocgT-icgousooegeqeg 



00 05 eg 

«D OS O 

eg eg CO 



m Tj" o o o o CO ;»-ioTj<cg-i— ciomeo-)— loo 



«3 ^ «D 

oeoeo 

»j5 «0 lO 



iTfTf eg CO CO eg CD eg ^ Ti< lo eg o CO lo lo -i— .-1 CD eg 13 eg 



Oi O CO 

eg OS 00 



occDCD c5cct-'»rkO'^"5t-c~kneoi-oo5eoio<D'<'t-t-icoo'^T)< 



coco cx) 
t- —1 00 
c --^ o 



t-«« CO OS OS -i— eg c: --1 00.-I CO eg ^ eorji CO c- t>-i— 00 CO u3 eg T}< 



CO iCi 

eocoic- 



iG eg eg eooeoegcoegO'-ioojt-oai^oecioeoTS'coieoit- 



a; CO m 

00 GO 

CO t- t- 



TftTj* CO t- CD t- rr m eg lo ev. -!— in eg eg CO CO ->4< 1-1 eg eg lo 



oocccc t-cot-Tf>^<Ti<mccoomcDcocoiiOTi<co'^t-coeooococo 



O 
O 
X 

CO 
X 

is 



^ ocg 
in t- 
o eg e-1 



t-C5 00 CO o o t- o oj CD eg lo r- CO in o OS CO t- in T-^ 1 



00 eg o 
in CO t- 
co c- c- 



t-eacg tc c eo os t- eo os i-* os co o o ^-t eo eo m eg m eg eg 



m eg t- 
CO t-co 



cDcoin cox«OTfincoincocgooxc^weocoooi-iocgeoTjico 



c-inin cococoinineo-'s'cot^rriacot-eoinin'^inxcox' 



O r- CO 

eg CO -o 



o o 1-1 t- -rf CO c- CO 1-1 in 05 eg ■^J' 1-1 CO in CO eg 05 CO o> c- in t- c- 



1-1 t- Oi 
CO CO 
X CO CO 



lo^^ coooos n'^t~oo>os'#ot-oos^inTj«coio»no>o 



in eg 03 

CO 1^ -( 

T}« in m 



cgcoeg cgcococoeoegcceomTHe-jeoi-ii-iegeococgegcoi-icgeg 



1— i X CD CD X c- CO CO in 05 CD in ^n m CO in CO 1* CO t- CO X CD in 



c-xx xo>ocgoiXcoc-oinc3eg-<i<eO'*oxcgo5inine>]i 



O CC X 

coco eg 
c; o o 



ccegcg in^coegt>cgo. i-i050;t>i-ix^oeoTi<eoego5inoo 



e 

Scot* in 
•7 -^r 

-r^ rt^ 



3 oTCZij:: 2 n S fe; £ <- 13 g C § C g— ™ cj ^ 



0) O C 03 . 



2pb 



County White Withdrawals and Non Promotions by High School 67 
Subjects; Distribution of County High School Teachers by Subjects 

TABLE 51 • 

Number of County White Teachers Distributed by Subjects Taught in Last Four 
Years of High School, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Subjects 



English 

Social Studies 

Science 

Mathematics 

Latin 

French „ 

Spanish 

Library 

Business and 

Distributive Ed. 

Home Economics 

Industrial Work 

Physical Education. 

Music 

Agriculture 

Art 

Administration and 

Supervision 

Guidance 





Number 


of 




Number 




Teachers on Full- 


Number 


of Cases Where 


Number 


time Basis Dis- 


of High 


Teachers 


Instruct 


of Diff- 


tributed by Time 


Schools 


In More Than 


ferent 


Devoted to Dif- 


Offering 


One High School 


Indi- 


ferent Subjects 


Each 


Each Week or Term 


viduals 








Subject 






Teaching 








or 






Each 








Service 




High 


Subject 


1942 


1944 


1945 


1945 


Teachers 


Schools 


1945 


254.4 


235.0 


238.2 


141 






410 


224 5 


207 9 


207.4 


141 






384 


187.2 


180^8 


179.9 


141 


1 


2 


344 


163.3 


160.4 


159.0 


141 






329 


36.9 


34.5 


34.5 


70 






81 


37.4 


26.4 


27.3 


75 






79 


2.7 


8.8 


9.7 


20 






22 


42.8 


42.4 


47.4 


97 






130 


137.7 


135.3 


133.8 


79 


1 


2 


172 


119 1 


116.4 


116.1 


121 


5 


10 


193 


102.2 


89.4 


92.3 


83 


6 


13 


135 


64.9 


81.2 


81.1 


96 


7 


18 


207 


58.0 


51.8 


53.0 


111 


16 


46 


114 


34.7 


27.2 


21.3 


45 


8 


19 


35 


28.3 


21.2 


18.1 


35 


4 


10 


29 


83.4 


80.6 


87.3 


124 






175 


18.7 


24.1 


25.9 


79 






102 


1,596.2 


1,523.4 


1,532.3 


141 

















Number of County 



TABLE 52 

Colored High School Teachers Distributed by Subjects 
Taught, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Academic 
Subjects 



English 

Social Studies.— 

Science 

Mathematics .... 

Latin 

French 

Library 

Guidance 

Administration 
& Supervision 



Number of 
Teachers on Full- 
time Basis Dis- 
iributed by Time 
Devoted to Dif- 
ferent Subjects 


Number 
of High 
Schools 
Offering 

Each 
Subject 

1945 


Special 
Subjects 


Number of 
Teachers on Full- 
time Basis Dis- 
tributed by Time 
Devoted to Dif- 
ferent Subjects 


Number 
of High 
Schools 
Offering 

Each 
Subject 

1945 


1944 


1945 


1944 


1945 


28.8 


29.2 


32 




27.1 


28.0 


30 


28.5 


27.7 


32 


Agriculture 


11.9 


10.2 


14 


28.6 


26.7 


32 


Industrial Work 


10.8 


13.0 


18 


24.0 


24.7 


32 


Physical Ed. 


11.1 


13.1 


23 


.6 


.6 


2 


Music 


8.6 


9.4 


25 


=»-.2 


.2 


1 


Art 


.2 


.1 


2 


3.6 


3.4 


17 


Other Special 




.8 


4 


2.9 


4.3 


17 














Total Academic 








7.3 


8.8 


25 


and Special 














Subjects 


194.2 


200.2 


32 



* Spanish. 



68 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 53 



Number of Clerks Employed in County Schools, 1944-45 





Number 


of Clerks 






County 






Total 


Average 








Salaries 


Annual 




1943-44 


1944-45 




Salary 


Total and Average 


37.1 


48.6 


$50,412.98 


$1,037.30 


Baltimore 


7.0 


12.0 


11,622.07 


968.51 


Montgomery , 


10.5 


11.9 


18,639.75 


1,566.37 


Allegany 


8.0 


8.0 


8,345.03 


1,043.13 


Prince George's 


3.5 


5.0 


3,621.87 


724.37 


Anne Arundel 


2.0 


3.0 


3,523.83 


1,174.61 


Frederick 


2.0 


2.0 


1,418.00 


709.00 


Harford 


1.0 


2.0 


306.00 


153.00 


Wicomico 


1.1 


1.7 


1,027.16 


604.21 


Carroll 


1.0 


1.0 


1,000.00 


1,000.00 


Dorchester 


1.0 


1.0 


540.00 


540.00 


Garrett 




1.0 


369.27 


369.27 








t 



TABLE 54 

Number of Certificates Issuedf in 1942-43, 1943-44, 1944-45 



Number of Certificates Issued 



Grade of Certificate 


1942-43 


1943-44 


1944-45 


Administration and Supervision: 

Administration and Supervision 




4 




Elementary Supervision 


4 


5 


5 


Supervision Special Subjects 


' 2 


3 


5 


Attendance Officer 


1 


3 


1 


Helpmg Teacher 






1 


High School: 

Principal 


5 


6 


7 




212 


156 


137 


Special '. 


103 


72 


64 




49 


37 


27 


Non-public 


51 


34 


41 


Elementary: 

Principal 


15 


12 


9 

234 
2 


Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education 
Bachelor of Science in Special Subjects 


442 
4 


395 
3 


Advanced First Grade 


144 


83 


10 




18 


1 


1 






1 








2 


15 


Non-public Advanced First Grade , 


17 


24 


Non-public First Grade 


7 


8 


3 


War Emergency Certificates: 
Degree: 

High School Teaching 


87 


144 


140 


Elementary School Teaching 


31 


62 


48 


Non-Degree: 

High School Teaching 


18 


20 


48 


Elementary School Teaching 


66 


114 


166 


Attendance Officer 




2 













t To white and colored teachers. 



Clerks Employed County Schools; Certification of County Teachers 



69 



o 

a 

09 
u 

Oi 

X 

H g 



0) 5 Qj ^ 1/1 03 



Ne<5Tli«OTj< »0 (M t- W O eCl 'H Ol ifl «D « «0 00 05 00 <N i^onio 



|H,H W 'cot- ' 'rHC^ 



13. S 



^2 



ooio«nHoo U5 lo 00 (N to (N i-ios OS ifl 05 o lo N ^ o eg o 



cqoo-^osus •«!j<ooeoeooTj<r-(;D;o05t>rj<Tj<«)eooo-<i<Tj<oeo eo«eo «o 



«Ot-O>00W CO t- CO CO U5 00 «0 OS t- <0 CO t- to 00 U5 OS O eO N t- 00 



Tj< io-'JIth ICO"-! : 



;ojco !^ : 



ooeoot-t> ,-1 eg 00 to OS 10 rH w r-( ?o OS U3 Tj< 00 "-I CO 05 1- Ti< to CO t~ : 

OJOOOtOi-H ,-(lf5Tl< r-t<M tH(N Tj<^rHtOlO(N r-l t1«tH; 

00t-tOU3W5 



oorjiinco'^ Tj< OS CO i-H (M OS OS eo CO •'J" i« rH to to OS u5 1> eg 
r-iooT-it-o t-T-Ho rMcocg eg'><<<Ncg c^'<j« T-(U5cgcg 
OS 00 00 to to 



t- O »-l OS 01 W'-l . 



i-ieot>u5i> eg t> ifl w CO OS u3 10 1> to CO 00 1- o OS i-H to t- to t> t- 1 
ifsooooooeo cg-^i-H ^ -"t i-n-i r-i m eo eo 1-1 oeo oscg^ 

U5tOt-00OS r-{ rHi-l 



;w : ; : :osio 



Is- 
s.s 



CO OS OS CO CO ' 



icgegos'-Hio ithi-ho- 



I CO CO to eg to 



eg T)< 00 to ioosc-cgo» 

osiou5oo-<i' Tj'ooocg'^' 

to to to_^to_^i> 1-1 , 
cg-cg-cg-cg-cg"" 



iooeOTi<cgTHOsic-<j<io^t>.-iot-ioiou5 
looTjttoiooeguseotoegeoeo-'tcoTHt--^ 
( th th rH eg CO eg 



> 



■ 3 2 



5^' 



0) 0) C od 



= t. ^ o 53 g-^ bt: §^ g£ 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



4. m". 



0) O 



2 & 



lO^DNW ; 00 00 O 00 rj< 00 (N Tj< 00 O l> •<J' U3 O t> rH O t- 

im>xa( w5(Noo 'c<i^«)ei5'-HTfcsju5ooinTjiu5c<iO'-i;cectc>Ti< 



1 ko t- c<i o «D 00 1-( o u3 CO th Tf t- 05 ;o eo o <-i 05 vo o ;o 



«D 00 «0 eO i-H 00 00 Tl< r-l O t> eo «£> N lO 00 O N O rj< O T}< o t- 



eO (N «D t- CO 



i-Ht-OOOO IN li-HTji 



OOTl<«5e<3 



; rH ; 00 05 



th U5 <o t- : N 



rH 00 eo 



(Nirt<c« 00 :o 
tcNOJO »-i :oo ;nco 

OJt>t-00 M 



leo ; IN ;ec leo 



o M 



Wo 



: ifj ; i-H 



O M 



; CO i-H rH tH 



■^t>oo5 : lO ec 00 05 o to o ;d lO eg t> T)< (N ;t>t-(;Deo05 ii-nm 
u5(MO«> :?D«D (M (N N T-Hia eo CO (M i-H icjsth th ieoi-i 

<D t> ;D * 



: .-H 00 N (N ^ iM i-H (M CO 



; 00 Tjt IN C0 1-1 : (M 1-H 



Oioeoto ;i-i.-(eo^oo«5Nco«5t>T}iT)< it-Tj<ocDeo lo-^ 
05000 I o iM 1-H 1-1 «5 u5 eg oi tc lo CO (N noMcgcgiH iioco 

00 1-1 O O —I 1-1 



1-1100505 00 ^ 1-1 CO 05 CO o«D eg CO ?D Tj< lo 00 Tt< o to o 00 o 
tocgoso 1-1 o o i-i CO 05 lo eg 05 T}< CO eg CO 5o eg eg eg CO «i ic eo 
oooot-ooeq^cg* cg^ i-i 



E;, fi 01 ' 



C H CO 
S £ * 



ISHll S 2i £•§ g SI'S |s III = I 



Certification of County White High and Colored School Teachers 



71 



Z H 

a « 
o H 



OJ w 

■I 



Q 



iM ^ (N t- ; 1-H CO ; : o 
lo 50 lo ' a: 50 o 



OOXOICO t- 00 t- O O O O O t- O O O M t> 05 O CC « 00 o X o 



o — 1 Oi o CO • 



co-^ioco o Tj< ;d lo o X t- o t> cq t> ■«3<a5 1> eg CO o o ;o eg 



xosust- o «o X o N CO o CO X eo«o CO X CO t- o o-^ X 







be 


1st 
Grade, 
Sub., 

No 
Degree 


; CO N 


icgio : ji-i ; I : ; : 1 : :n I ; ; ; 

++ 
++ 






School 
3 Holdin 


War 
Emer- 
gency 
Degree 


Oiit-X 


I ;:: ;cg : i-irH :eo'-i 




ichools 


High 
Assistant! 


Bach- 
elor's 
Degree 


140 
141 
tl45 
tl46 


rj<t>;DTt;DeoT}<Oi-im;OTtio,-iXT"'<tx«ccoc5X 


REES 


id High S 




Mas- 
ter's 
Degree 




-^cg-H ;; I ; ; ;eo ; 


O 

tn 

o; 
o 


Colore 


Principals 
Holding 


Bach- 
elor's 
Degree 


O X lO X 
IN --I 1-1 -I 


^i-H^i-ir-iTH^cg .^cg'-i .»H^ ^cg 


IFICATES 




Mas- 
ter's 
Degree 


O O CO 

* 


: ; ;' : : : ; ; : ""^ *' ^ 


E- 
Oi 

a 






"a 


•HX— (OS 


;oNiciot-oiocgeg«oxi^5?DMa5U5WNaiio«c^ 


o 
o 

2 






Tot 


05 0> .H O 
1-1 i-i N <M 


FoLLowi: 






2iidGr., 
War 
Em., 
Sub., 

No 
Degree 


iMt-XCO 

* 

* 
++ 


THcg«Dcg :^ : icg—i : i^rf ; :r-.,-( 


u 








«DXC0TJ< 

o 50 eg 

CO (N (N IM 


i-i-«i<t>irt;ccoeoo5XTj<-<jio;D;oL005Cgo;egcg'-ix 

CO rHCg ,-1 ,-1 ,-1 


OLDII 


03 


e.B 


So 


JMBER H 


iry Schoo 


m'o 

<i 


Ad- 
vanced 

First 
Grade, 


X eg o 


xcgrf ii-iTjioast-Tf ;eoeoxeoocg'-i ■^'^ 




enta 




a: 


t> ^ ;d X 


egcgasegioeoegcot:-ioiou5rj<o>5Deoco»cifl,-<;oo 




Colored Elem 






cS C3 






lipals 
ding 


No 
Degree 


O O Tf 

CO CO eg eg 


■Tf :r^eg :,HrH,-( Irt^^kC^ — CO ^ 






Bach- 
elor's 
Degree 


t-xx o 


;rHr-<cg i i i i ; i ; i I'O'-l 






Total 


CO eg CO 

O O Ol <73 
;0 lO lO 


T^T-uo^ocoxaieoiooi-^^c-^ioci^c— i^coti-^^ 
XT(<cg'-c CO eg ^ eg r- ^ Ti< X ^ eg eg eg coeg 



H eg CO "J* 

> OS OS 05 



^ M 73 



0) o C 



: Ma, g J2 £ 

- rt o Si . 



6 S 



72 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



9UIBS m |ooqos jo 



uMouj^uxi pus -1311^0 



AsMy paAO]^ 



pasBaoBQ 



suoi:jiso J paqsijcqv 



SuiqoBax 



Aouaiotgaui 



aSanoQ sjaqauax a:;B:;s 
-jadn's 'aAUBJ:)siuiaipv 



ssau]]i 



'looqog a:iBAUj j6 'a:^B:;s 



a:impsqns 



:iuaraaji:^a'^ 



X|UB;un]OA pauSisa'a 



aSBtiJBj^ 



aDuasqv Jo aABaq 



Xjb^i^ij^ UBq^ jaqiQ 
aDTAjag :^uarauJ^AOf) 



saijq.snpui asuajaQ 



aoiAjas Xjb:jiiij^ 



o « 
o < 

00 



lO t- 05 (N —I :(M»ot-ec 



I --I iffl ^ ---^^a 



t-eoi-i : — ( T}< CO eo T}< i-iin « 



«coo5Coooioa50t-(Noo:i 



CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ ^ ^ ^ 

I 1 1 I ! I i I I I I I 



; (M «D <x> 00 ift 



;o CO (M eo CO «D CO ;!N ;?o 



locoiM-^^'HO'S'coior^oo 



NcococococO'H-^c^io^to 



OOt-(NCOO^Ot-OOOTj<lO 



w<ccoco"5;dt)<(moocotj<cd 



•>*ooT»icot>eoi>-*o?Diceo 



•<3<OCOOt>'*t-COt-00'HOO 

ococoeo-^coioos-H-^oco 

THi-li-li-(.-lT-l»-(^T)<^0lOlO 



Tj'io^ot-ooosO'HiMeo'i'io 
CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 
eO'^LCcot-oooso^CvicO'* 
eocococococoeo-^Ti<-^T}<-«ji 



o tr. 



— (P— 

^ S'" a) 
o °^ § 

i I'M 

i S 2 c 2 S 
o 3 § S 3 



£3 O O O oX o 

_0 ^ ^ CO 10 

-4^ m n CO tn :n 09 

a) 4) a> tti 1) Q) 

o 73 ^3 

w "o "o "w ■« "o "w 
C fl C C C C 

H 1-1 hH l-H hH HH l-H 

H— * ++ CS J3 « 73 



Causes for Withdrawal of County Teachers 



73 



a 

6 
o 



QQ 



O 

o 



is 

v 



iamO J3JSUBJX 



UM.OU31UX1 puB Jaq;0 



3331100 sjaqoBax ^^^^S 
-j3dns 'aAX^^gJ^siuiPipv 



ssauni 



iCpnis pauSisaH 



pasBaoaQ 



a^^n^i^sqns 
SB Xiuo paAoiduia 



SuitioBaj, 



^uauiajpaH 



j3q:;ouv ui gniqoBex 



iCouap^aui 



suoi:>isoj paqsiioqv 



30uasqv Jo 3ab3t; 



30tAjas :ju3UiuaaA0{) 



S3u:^snpui asuajsQ 



3DiAjas ^JB^niP^ 



1b:>oj, 



o « 
o < 

CO 



,-1 CO CO CO iM Tj" CO rH ;cg 



rjf CO CO -H eg UO 



I u5 Tj< SO "-i 1-1 i-H no»at-eo 



loeo :oo ; eo -"S" N co c-in o 



eOTj<inix>t~ooc;OrH(Mco-^ 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

050>05050iCJ050iOS050505 



t-^c-aso5ooo«oeocg-^o 



; (M M »H il ; N ■ 



:-Heo-*iN'-ieCTi<eocDOcg 



: N 1-1 (N TT (N 



: i-ti-i 1-1 lO -rf 



ICOIONCO 



I CO CO 

1 CJ OJ 



t-oooiO'Hcgco-^ 
eococo-<3<Tj4-.s<Ti<-^ 



. >» 

1 I 



_ CUT? 



^ to C 
.^^^ 
C_ 

.2 a 

C O « fc- 

O OJ M U 

^ cs 0) a) 
S ^ *" ^ 

to ^ 

c o S o 

& ^ ? 

•T3 IB CO m 
c « a) o 

« 3 3 3 



74 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Edl cation 



TABLE 60 

Number and Percent of Teachers New to the Maryland County Schools 

1933 to 1»45 





New to Counties 




Number New to County Who Were 








Change 
in 

Number 




Experienced 


Year 


tNumber 


tPercent 


of 

Teaching 
Positions 
October 
to 

October 


In- 
experi- 
enced 


But 

New to 
State 


In 

Counties 
But Not 

Teaching 
Preced- 
ing Year 


From 
Another 
County 


From 
Other 
Type 
School 
in Same 
County 


Substi- 
tutes 


Other 
t 



White Elementary School Teachers 



1933-34 


169 


6.1 


—27 


115 


12 


30 


3 


5 


12 




1935-36 


163 


6.0 


—6 


115 


7 


33 


10 


3 


8 




1936-37 


201 


7.3 


+ 17 


141 


19 


35 


10 


3 


6 




1937-38 .... 


203 


7.4 


—18 


82 


40 


52 


40 


4 


29 




1938-39 


195 


7.2 


—20 


107 


22 


41 


18 


7 


25 




1939-40 


199 


7.4 


—17 


106 


18 


49 


18 


4 


26 




1940-41 


205 


7.6 


—5 


127 


29 


29 


19 


10 


20 




1941-42 


355 


13.4 


—38 


142 


63 


83 


31 


4 


67 




1942-43 


565 


21.2 


+ 8 


272 


169 


124 


54 


5 






1943-44 


521 


19.3 


+42 


165 


215 


131 


49 


5 


io 


47 


1944-45 


553 


19.8 


+ 67 


176 


190 


99 


46 


10 


88 


29 



White High School Teachers t 



1933-34 


107 


7 


9 


+ 11 


70 


14 


17 


9 


151 


6 




1935-36 


197 


13 


6 


+ 57 


149 


17 


20 


16 


8 


11 




1936-37 


191 


12 


8 


+48 


123 


36 


26 


13 


8 


6 




1937-38 


231 


14 


5 


+ 92 


129 


66 


21 


25 


10 


15 




1938-39 


220 


13 


2 


+82 


144 


37 


16 


25 


13 


23 




1939-40 


242 


13 


9 


+ 72 


156 


38 


17 


19 


13 


31 




1940-41... 


262 


14 


7 


+ 45 


173 


44 


33 


20 


7 


12 




1941-42 


421 


22 


6 


+ 73 


233 


111 


51 


25 


30 


26 




1942-43 


587 


31 


9 


—19 


270 


237 


80 


61 


21 






1943-44 


517 


28 


9 


—55 


196 


241 


74 


58 


27 


6 


lb 


1944-45 


525 


29 





+ 14 


178 


210 


66 


46 


24 


71 


15 



Colored Elementary School Teachers 



1933-34 


73 


10 


4 


—14 


48 


8 


12 


19 




5 




1935-36 


70 


9 


9 


—4 


57 


2 


9 


24 




2 




1936-37 


57 


8 


2 


—9 


39 


5 


12 


22 




1 




1937-38 


47 


6 


9 


—23 


35 


1 


7 


21 




4 




1938-39 


50 


7 


6 


—18 


40 


4 


5 


25 




1 




1939-40 


57 


8 


9 


—17 


42 


3 


11 


22 




1 




1940-41 


41 


6 


5 


—14 


30 


2 


7 


7 




2 




1941-42 


59 


9 


8 


—24 


37 


5 


9 


5 


i 


8 




1942-43 


87 


14 


6 


—9 


65 


9 


13 


9 








1943-44 


120 


20 


4 


—6 


81 


18 


15 


9 




6 


5 


1944-45 


132 


21 


8 


+ 14 


84 


16 


15 


21 




17 


3 



Colored High School Teachers 



1933-34 


15 


16.0 


+ 1 


11 


3 




7 




1 




1935-36 


25 


23.2 


+ 6 


15 


4 


i 


8 




5 




1936-37 


28 


23.9 


+9 


21 


6 




11 




1 




1937-38 


38 


28.4 


+ 17 


30 


8 




8 








1938-39 


35 


23.6 


+ 14 


27 


5 


2 


8 




i 




1939-40 


35 


20.8 


+20 


29 


3 


1 


10 


4 


2 




1940-41 


42 


23.3 


+ 12 


32 


7 


1 


6 




2 




1941-42 


38 


19.9 


+ 11 


27 


7 


4 


3 


4 






1942-43 


65 


33.2 


+ 5 


49 


10 


6 


11 


2 






1943-44 


79 


37.5 


+ 15 


52 


19 


3 


4 


1 


■5 


i 


1944-45 


90 


41.9 


+7 


49 


28 


4 


11 




9 





01 



t Excludes from total number and percent new to counties, teachers who transferred from county to count 
and from other type of school in the same county. 

t Withdrawals during year who returned before close of the year excluded from total number and percent. 



Source of Teachers Nifiw to Maryland Public Schools 



75 



TABLE 61 

Number and Percent of White Elementary School Teachers New to the Schools 
of Each Individual County During the School Year, 1944-45 



County 


New to County 


Change 
in 

Number 
of 

Teaching 
Positions 
October 

to 
October 


Number New to County Who Were 


Number 


P r nt 
ercen 


In- 

experi- 
enced 


Sub- 
stitutes 

X 


But 
New to 
State 


Experien 

In 

Counties 
or City 

"Rut '\Tr\ + 

X5UL IN ox 

Teaching 
Preced- 
ing 
X ear 


ced 

From 
Another 
County 


From 
Other 
Type 
ocnool 
in Same 
County 
or City* 


utner 
t 


Total and Average- 


a553 


al9 .8 


1 err 

+ 67 


176 


88 


190 


99 


a46 


*10 


t29 


Somerset - 


2 


5.0 





1 




1 










Frederick 


12 


7.8 


— 1 


1 




4 


6 


i 






Kent 


3 


8.6 


+ 1 




"i 




2 










4 


8.9 









i ' 


2 


1 






Allegany 


23 


9.3 


+ 3 


■ 4 




2 


10 


7 




t3 




7 


10.9 





2 




2 




2 






Washington 


25 


11.6 


+ 1 


8 


5 


5 


3 


4 


*2 


t2 




9 


11.8 


+ 1 


3 




2 


1 


3 






Talbot 


5 


13.2 









2 


3 






ti 




5 


13.5 


+1 








4 


"i 






Cecil 


13 


14.9 


—1 


"i 




3 


4 


2 


"*i 




Garrett 


16 


15.7 





5 


"i 


2 


4 


1 


*2 


ti 


Harford 


22 


17.2 





4 


2 


10 


4 


2 


*1 


ti 




7 


17.5 


+1 


1 




3 


1 


2 




t2 


Carroll - 


21 


18.8 





10 


1 


2 


5 


3 




t2 


Howard - 


14 


24.6 


—1 


4 


3 


4 


2 


1 


*i 




Montgomery 


78 


28.4 


+ 17 


6 


5 


55 


7 


5 


*i 


t5 


Prince George's 


93 


28.5 


+ 3' 


19 


11 


48 


12 


3 


*i 


t6 


Baltimore 


127 


30 .6 


+25 


59 


36 


16 


14 


2 




tl 


Anne Arundel 


65 


34.0 


+ 10 


41 


8 


9 


5 


2 




tl 




17 


37.8 


+ 1 






8 


6 


2 




t4 


Calvert 


10 


45.5 


+ 1 


i 




5 


3 


1 






St. Mary's 


21 


58.3 


+ 5 


3 


io 


6 


1 


1 






Baltimore City 






















Elementary and 






















Occupational .. . 


188 


14.3 


—31 


86 




58 


24 


17 


*tio 




Entire State 


a741 


17.9 


+36 


262 


88 


248 


123 


63 


*t20 


t29 



t Withdrawals during year who returned before close of the year excluded from all totals in columns one and two . 
* Transfers from one type of public school to another in the same unit are excluded from all totals in columns 
one and two. 

a Teachers who transferred from one county to another are excluded from total for counties as a group 
and total for State in columns one and two, but transfers from county to city are included in State totals. 
% Includes 3 who taught in private and parochial schools who are in totals in columns one and two. 
X Experience of substitutes not known. 



76 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 62 — Number and Percent of White Regular, Senior High, and Junior- 
Senior High School Teachers New to the Schools of Each Individual 
County During the School Year, 1944-45 





New to County 




Number New to County Who Were 






























in 








Experienced 


































of 
















County 






TG3.ching 








In- 




From 










Positions 


In- 






County 




Other 










October' 


experi- 


Sub- 




or City 


From 


Type 


Other 




Number 


Percent 


to 


enced 


stitutes 


But 


But Not 


Another 


School 


t 








October 




X 


New to 


Teaching 


County 


in 
















State 


Preced- 


t 


Same 


















ing Year 


Countyf 




Total and Average.. 


J525 


129 .0 


+ 14 


178 


71 


210 


66 


46 


t24 


tl5 


^VicoTxiico 


8 


16 .0 


— 4 


3 




4 




■ 1 






Queen Anne's... 


4 


16.7 


—1 


3 




1 






ti 




Allegany 


41 


18.9 





7 


12 


14 


1 


1 




tl 


Kent... 


5 


20.0 


+ 2 


1 


1 


1 










Harford.. 


17 


22.7 


+2 


7 


3 


7 






tl 


Ti 


Worcester 


8 


23.5 


—1 




1 


5 


1 


1 








51 


25.8 





24 


15 


5 


2 


5 




t2 


Howard. 


10 


28.6 


+ 1 


5 




2 


2 


1 






Talbot 


8 


28.6 


—2 


7 




1 








ti 


Washington 


49 


29.2 


+ 6 


16 


6 


15 


-j 


5 


t4 


tl 


Frederick 


28 


30.1 


+4 


11 


2 


8 


6 


1 






Cecil. 


16 


30.8 


+ 1 


7 


2 


5 


1 


1 






Montgomery 


77 


33.3 


+ 5 


9 


2 


44 


10 


12 


t3 


t3 


Carroll 


31 


34.1 


+3 


13 


4 


8 


3 


3 


tl 


t2 


Garrett 


16 


34.8 


—1 


6 


2 


5 


1 


2 


tl 




Anne Arundel 


37 


35.9 


+ 1 


12 


2 


18 


1 


4 


t3 


ti 


Caroline. 


16 


41.0 


—1 


7 




4 


3 


2 


tl 




Prince George's 


71 


41 .0 


+ 3 


19 


1 


38 


7 


6 


t3 


t2 


Dorchester 


19 


46.3 


—3 


7 


4 


1 


7 








Charles 


14 


48.3 





1 


4 


8 


1 








Somerset 


16 


59.3 


—2 


3 


3 


6 


3 


i" 






Calvert 


9 


69.2 


+2 


4 




5 






. ti 


ti 


St. Mary's. 


20 


100.0 


—1 


6 


"i 


5 


2 






Baltimore City: 








59 




16 






*10 




Junior High 


87 


14.8 


+ 5 




2 


9 

1 




Senior High 


27 


5.9 


+ 1 


15 




3 


8 


9 




Vocational. 


6 


6.3 


—3 


2 




1 


1 


2 


1 




Entire State 


645 


21.8 


+ 17 


254 


71 


230 


77 


58 


t*44 


tl5 



X Excludes from county and state totals in columns one and two teachers who transferred from one county 
to another, except that teachers who transferred from county to city are included in the State total. 

t Teachers who transferred from other types of public schools in the same unit and those who withdrew dur- 
ing the year and returned before the close of the year are not included in columns one and two. 

* Includes one from private school. 

X Experience of substitutes not known. 



Turnover White High Schools; Placement of College Education 77 
Students; Sex of County Teachers 



TABLE 63 

Maryland Students Who Completed in June 1944, at Colleges Indicated, the 
Education Courses Necessary for Certification Compared With the 
Number of Graduates Who Took Positions in the County 
High Schools in the Fall of 1944* 



College 



Westarn Maryland College 

Uiiverjity of Maryland 

Washington College 

Hood College 

Gaucher College 

St. Joseph's College , 

Johns Hop'cin? University. 
College of Notre Dame 



Number of Graduates 



Who Met Rgquirements for 
Certification from 



Maryland 
Counties 



Baltimore 
City 



Who Received 
Maryland County 
High School 
Positions* 



According to reports from colleges. 



TABLE 63A 



Number and Percent of Men Teachers in Maryland Counties 





White 


Colored 


Year 


Elementary 


Hi 




Elementary 


High 


Ending June 30 




















No. 


Percent 


No. 


Percent 


No. 


Percent 


No. 


Percent 


1941 


232 


8.6 


719 


40.5 


74 


11.9 


83 


47.8 


1942 


190 


7.1 


670 


36.2 


66 


10.9 


89 


46.4 


1943 


139 


5.2 


538 


29.7 


58 


9.7 


81 


42.0 


1944 


108 


4.0 


488 


27.3 


44 


7.5 


72 


34.8 


1945 


104 


3.7 


465 


25.8 


43 


7.1 


78 


36.8 



See Table X, pages 237 to 238. 



78 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 64 

Number and Percent of Colored Teachers New to the Schools of Each Individual 
County During the School Year, 1944-45 





New to County 




Number New to County or City Who Were 








Change 
in 

Number 






Experienced 


County 


Number 


Percent 


of 
Teach- 
ing 
Positions 


Inex- 
peri- 
enced 


. Sub- 
sti- 
tutes 


But 
New 

to 
State 


J"" 

County 
or City 
But Not 
Teaching 
Preced- 
ing Year 


From 
Another 
County 
a 


Other 
* 

t 



Colored Elementary School Teachers 



Total and 




















Average 


al32 


a21 .8 


+ 14 


84 

' 


17 


16 


15 


a21 


*3 


Cecil 





.0 

















Frederick 


1 


5 .3 









1 








Queen Anne's 


1 


6.3 







* 




"i 






^Ticomico 


3 


9 7 


n 
U 


2 






1 






Kent 


2 


14 '.S 


—1 


2 












Montgomery 


7 


15.6 


+ 1 


3 




2 


' i 


1 


"*i 


Harford 


4 


16.0 


+2 




2 


1 




1 




Howard 


3 


18.8 





3 












Caroline 


3 


21.4 





2 








1 




Anne Arundel 


21 


24.7 


+4 


10 


6 


1 


"i 


3 


*1 


Pr. George's 


22 


24.7 


+3 


8 


2 


3 


1 


8 




Allegany.. 


1 


25.0 











1 






CarroU..... 


2 


25.0 





i 




1 








St. Mary's .... 


I 


25.0 


—1 


1 






3 






Washington .. 




25.0 





1 












Talbot.... 


6 


27.3 


+ 2 


4 






2* 


2 




Calvert..... 


8 


30.8 





6 










Baltimore 


15 


31 .9 


+ 5 


9 


4 




1 


1 




Worcester 


8 


33.3 





4 




3 




1 




Dorchester .... 


10 


37.0 





6 


1 


1 


1 


1 




Charles... 


13 


38.2 


+ 1 


11 






1 


1 


'*i 


Somerset 


17 


63.0 


—2 


11 


1 


3 


1 


1 




Baltimore 




















City, Ele- 




















mentary & 














15 


al2 


t2 


Occupational 


97 


14.8 


+24 


53 




17 


Entire State 


a229 


al8.1 


+ 38 


137 


17 


33 


30 


a33 





Colored High School Teachers 



1 — 

Total and 




















Average .... 


a90 


a41.9 


+ 7 


49 


9 


28 


4 


all 




Harford 





0.0 

















St. Mary's .... 


1 


14.3 













i 




Worcester 


2 


18.2 





2 












Talbot 


2 


20.0 


+1 


1 




' i 








Washington .. 


1 


20.0 









1 




"1 




Caroline 


2 


28.6 





' 1 










Pr. George's 


6 


31.6 





3 




2 




1 




Carroll 


2 


40.0 









1 


1 






Cecil 


2 


40.0 









1 




1 




Queen Anne's 


2 


40.0 





1 




1 








Charles 


5 


41.7 


—1 


5 












Frederick 


3 


42.9 





1 








1 




Montgomery 


6 


42.9 


+1 


2 




"4 








Allegany 


3 


50.0 





1 




2 








Anne Arundel 


13 


52.0 


+ 3 


6 




3 


"2 


2 




Wicomico 


10 


62.5 





5 




5 








Dorchester ... 


8 


66.7 





4 


"2 


2 








Kent 


4 


66.7 


+1 


2 




1 




"i 




Somerset 


9 


75.0 





7 




1 








Baltimore 


11 


78.6 


+2 


2 


6 


1 




2 




Howard 


4 


80.0 





4 












Calvert 


5 


83.3 





2 




"2 




' i 




Baltimore 




















City: 
















5 


t9 


Jun. High 


23 


14.9 


-1 


13 




1 


4 


Sen. High 





0.0 


+ 6 












t6 


Vocational 


12 


40.0 


+ 10 


6 




3 


2 


"1 


t3 


Entire State 


al25 


25.4 


+22 


68 


9 


32 


10 




tl8 



a Excludes tranfers from one county to another from totals for the covmties and State, but in- 
cludes them and transfers from county to city in total number new to individual coimties, and city. 
Transfers from county to city are included in State Totals. 

* Withdrawals during year who returned before close of year are excluded from all totals, in 
columns one and two. 

t From another type of school in same county are excluded from all totals in columns one and 

two. 



Turnover of Colored Teachers; Summer School Attendance of 79 

County Teachers 



TABLE 65— County Teachers in Service October, 1944, Who Attended 
Summer School in the Summer of 1944 



County 


Teachers Employed Oct. 1944 
Who Attended Summer 
School in 1944 


Summer School Attended 


Number on 
County 
Staff 


Number 


Percent 


Elem. 


High 


Elem. 


High 


Elem. 


High 



White County Teachers 



U95 


131 


7.0 


7.2 


31 


20 


12.6 


9.2 


6 


10 


2.6 


9.7 


10 


5 


2.4 


2.5 


3 


i 


7.5 


2.6 


10 


11 


8.9 


12.1 


t4 


4 


4.6 


7.7 


1 




2 2 




2 


"i 


3.1 


274 


8 




5.2 




16 


3 


15.7 


6.5 


9 


6 


7.0 


8.0 


8 


1 


14.0 


2.9 


7 


4 


20.0 


16.0 




23 


6.2 


10.0 


12 


17 


3.7 


9.8 


3 


i 


8.3 


5"0 


t9 


1 


22.5 


3.7 


t5 


1 


13.2 


3.6 


27 


20 


12.6 


11.9 


8 


2 


10.5 


4.0 



Total White 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel ... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dotchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery .... 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's. .. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot _ 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



University of Maryland 

Columbia University 

Frostburg State Teachers College 

Johns Hopkins University 

Western Maryland College 

Salisbury State Teachers College.. 
Shepherd State Teachers College.. 

Peabody Conservatory 

Duke University 

George Washington University .... 

Washington College 

Towson State Teachers College .... 

Middlebury College 

Madison College 

University of Wisconsin 

42 Others ;.. 



200 


131 


t39 


23 


*30 


31 


25 


1 


18 


7 


7 


14 


20 




11 




7 


2 


4 


& 


1 


a 


8 
5 






5 


3 


1 


1 


2 


16 


32 



Colored County Teachers 



Total Colored ... 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel ... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent „. 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1 73 


30 


12.0 


13.8 


2 


"i 


2.4 


28.0 


12 


2 


25.5 


14.3 


4 




15.4 


16.7 


1 


1 


7.1 


14.3 




3 




60.0 


5 




18.5 




3 


i 


15.8 


14.3 


2 




8.0 




3 




18.8 




4 


i 


28.6 


16.7 


13 


3 


28.9 


21.4 


• 7 


3 


7.9 


16.8 


1 




6.3 




3 




15.0 




7 


2 


25.9 


16.7 




1 




10.0 


2 


2 


6.5 


12'.'5 


4 


3 


16.7 


27.3 



Total 

Morgan State College 

Hampton Institute 

Howard University 

Temple University 

University of Pennsylvania 

Columbia University 

New York University 

Catholic University 

15 Others 



t Excludes a supervisor. 
* Excludes 4 supervisors. 
I Excludes 5 supervisors. 



80 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 11 



AVERAGE NOMDER OF WHITE PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 
IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (GEADES 1 - 7 OR 8) 



County 
Co. Average 

St. Mary's 
Kent 

Montgomery 

Garrett 

Queen Anne's 

Dorchester 

Harford 

Worcester 

Allegany* 

Talbot 

Calvert 

Washington 

Wicomico* 

Somerset 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Howard 

Anne Arundel 

Frederi ck 

Charles 

Pr. George's 

Bait imore* 

Balto. Cityt 
State Average 




* Excludes elementary school at State teachers college. . ■> ■ 

t Data for elementary schools only. Excludes corresponding figures for jimior high schools: 
•24.2 in 1945, 25.2 in 1944, and 24.9 in 1943. 

For basic data by county, see Table XVIII, page 246. 



* 



Pupils Belonging Per White Elementary and High School Teacher 81 



CHART 12 



AVERAGE MQMBER 07 WHITE POPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 
IN LAST TOUR YEARS 0? HICH SCHOOL 



Coxaity 
Coxinty Avereige 
Kent 
Caroline 

Queen Anne's 

Somerset 

Carroll 

Howard 

St. Mary»8 

Worcester 

Montgcaery 

Talbot 

Charles 

Calvert 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Harford 

Wlcooico 

Cecil 

Prince George* s 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Anne Arundel 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Baltimore Cityt 
State Average 




22.8 



t Data for senior high schools onlv. Excludes corresponding figures for junior high schools: 
24.2 in 1945, 25.2 in 1944, and 24.9 in 1943, and for vocational schools: 14.0 in 1945, 14.9 in 1944, 
and 15.0 in 1943. 

For basic data by county, see Table XIX, page 247. 



82 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 13 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF COLORED PDPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 
IN ELEMENTARy SCHOOLS (GaiADES 1-7 OR 8) 



County 
Co. Arerage 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Queen Anne*8 

Harford 

St. Mary's 

Wl coral oo 

Frederick 

Montgcmery 

Anne Arundel* 

Talbot 

Howard 

Pr. George's* 

Washington 

Dorchester 

Sonera et 

Caroline 

Kent 

Cecil 

Calrert 

Worcester 

Charles 

Baltimore 

Balto. Cityt 
State ATerage 



1943 
36.3 



1944 1946 
36.1 




* Excludes elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 

t Data for elementary schools only. Excludes corresponding figures for junior high sehoob: 
.4 in 1945. 27.6 in 1944, and 27.4 in 1943. 

For basic data by coimty, see Table XXI, page 250. 



Pupils Belonging Per Colored Elementary and High School Teacher 83 



CHART 14 



AVERAGE NDMBER OF COLORED PDPILS PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 
IN LAST FOUR YEARS OF HIGH SCHOOL 



County 

County Arerage 

Allegany 

Washington 

Talbot 

Prince George's 

Cecil 

Carroll 

St. Maiy»a 

Somerset 

Caroline 

Charles 

Baltimore 

Hoimrd 

Dorchester 

Wicomico 

Anne Arundel 

Harford 

Kent 

Queen Anne*8 

Calvert 

Flrederlolc 

Worcester 

Montgomery 

Baltimore Cityt 

Bt%t9 Average 




osa'^- ^iQ*ifr f ^^TqI"!^^ ^J^^oS?l^°^^y-.„ Excludes corresponding figures for junior high 
^^-^ ^'^^ 27.4 m 1943; and vocational schools: 16.9 in 1945, 14.8 in 1 

14.4 m 194d. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXII, page 251, 



84 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



o 
H 

Oh 
s 



o 

•z 

O J 



O 4) 

E-i 



M : ; ;iot>-<# ; CO rj< rH in IN «c OS o t> 00 to 00 —( eo 



* a 



go 



-^^3 O 



iC00050t>OOr}<(Nt-eO 



00 eo i>(M N o 00 00 CO CO m-<i<T)< 



«>m;Dirt'-ioo(NiO(Mio :inot-Ncoco«5a5(Mmeco5 ec 



I CO OS O t> 00 CO CO 00 ?C t- 1-1 rH t- O 00 00 00 ,-l(M 05 irtCOIN 



eo«D050t-ooeo^tHTHrHeooorH05im>'*ooi 



OOSOt-in05(Mt-050THTHeOrHt>OSr-lrHOOO<0-^00 



«OOaSOOOOt-CO'-HrH.-HC<IWr-IOO 



I t- i-l(N 00 eO CO O «0 05 00 Tjt r-l ,H CO OS tH 



<u £ ^- « 2 bTi !3 5 



<y O S TO 



5 C C " 

— I <u o 



i2 0? 



o § 

c e 

0) 0) 



PQpQ 



M 0) 
0) (50 



0)1-1 



Is 



3 cS • 

Wrj CO 
0) " 



Pupils Belonging and Average Salary Per Teacher 8S 



TABLE 67 



Average Number of Pupils Belonging Per County Teacher and Principal 1923-1945 



Year 


Average Number Belonging Per 
County White Teacher and 
Principal in 


Average Number Belonging Per 
County Colored Teacher and 
Principal in 


Elementary 

Schools* 


High 
Schools 


Elementary 
Schools* 


rlign 
Schools 


1923 


31 


7 


20 





38 


3 


^ K o 
10 . ^ 


1924 


31 


5 


19 


8 


35 


9 


t A a 
14 . o 


1925 


32 




20 


1 


35 


7 


16 8 


1926 


32 





20 


3 


34 


6 


19 ^ 


1927 


32 


3 


20 


4 


34 





19.9 


1928 


32 


8 


21 





33 


7 


21.5 


1929 


32 


9 


21 


5 


33 


3 


23.1 


1930 


33 


6 


21 


6 


33 





25.0 


1931 


34 





21 


9 


33 


3 


25.2 


1932 


34 


9 


22 


3 


34 





25.0 


1933 


36 


2 


24 


4 


34 


9 


26.7 


1934 


36 


1 


24 


8 


35 





26.3 


1935 


36 


1 


24 


7 


34 





26.5 


1936 


35 


8 


25 


1 


33 


2 


29.8 


1937 


35 


4 


24 


9 


33 


3 


30.7 


1938 _ 


35 


2 


24 





33 


7 


29.6 


1939 


. 35 


6 


24 


2 


34 


9 


28.0 


1940 


• 35 


5 


24 


5 


35 


3 


27.5 


1941 


35 


8 


24 


1 


35 


8 


27.2 


1942 


36 





23 


3 


36 


3 


25.5 


1943 


36 


8 


23 





36 


3 


25.4 


1944 _.. 


36 


5 


22 


9 


36 


1 


24.7 


1945 


36 





23 


1 


36 


1 


24.3 



* Excludes pupils in elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 



TABLE 68— Average Annual Salary Per County Teacher and Principal 1923-1945 





Average Salary Per County 


Average Salary Per County 




White Teacher and 


Colored Teacher and 




Principal in 


Principal in 


Year 












Elementary 


High 


Elementary 


High 




Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


1923 


$990 


$1,436 


$513 


$906 


1924 


1,030 


1,477 


532 


835 


1925 


1,057 


1,485 


546 


808 


1926 


1,103 


1,517 


563 


891 


1927 


1,126 


1,534 


586 


908 


1928 


1,155 


1,544 


602 


897 


1929 


1,184 


1,557 


621 


879 


1930 


1,199 


1,550 


635 


874 


1931 


1,217 


1,559 


643 


882 


1932 


1,230 


1,571 


653 


856 


1933 


1,231 


1,532 


657 


837 


1934 


1,122 


1,394 


595 


784 


1935 


1,135 


1,398 


602 


790 


1936 


1,202 


1,469 


636 


817 


1937 


1,220 


1,488 


653 


821 


1938 


1,295 


1,587 


745 


905 


1939 


1,314 


1,595 


846 


997 


1940 


1,360 


1,605 


906 


1,018 


1941 


1,387 


1,618 


993 


1,103 


1942 


1,427 


1,639 


1,124 


1,290 


1943 


tl,539 


tl,735 


tl,291 


tl,450 


1944 


Jl,805 


n,997 


n,551 


U,705 


1945 


• *1,862 


*2,042 


*1,599 


n,719 













t Salaries for 1943 include coaaty bonus paid ia li coiitias. 

t Salaries for 1944 include county bonus in 22 Counties and State bonus in all Counties. 
* Salaries for 1945 include County and State bonus in all Counties. 



86 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 15 

Average Salary Per Count/ White and Colored Elementary and High 
School Teacher and Principal 1925-1945 

42;ioO| 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

2.000 \^~~ 

1,900 i 

1,800 




Ol I I I I I I I I I I < 
1925 1927 1929 1931 1933 1935 1937 1939 1941 1943 1945 1947 



Average Salary per Teacher 



87 



CHART 16 



AVERAGE SALABY PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 



County 



1943 1944 144? 



Co. Average |1566 

Montgaaery 1925 
Baltimore 1845 
Washington 1646 
Allegany 1544 
Pr. George's 1530 
Queen Anne's 1408 
rrederick 1514 



Carroll 
A. Arundel 
Cecil 
Kent 
Howard 
Harford 
Caroline 
Garrett 
Charles 
Talbot 
St. Mary's 
Sonera et 
Wiconloo 
Worcester 
Calrert 
Dorchester 
Baltro 



1511 
1515 
1505 
1351 
1417 
1432 
1380 
1373 
1386 
1395 
1253 
1359 
1474 
1343 
1312 
1377 



State 
Arerage 



City 2091 
1775 



$1828 

2105 
1906 
1938 
1894 
1803 
1750 
1829 
1832 
1818 
1795 
1683 
1791 
1760 
1666 
1642 
1622 
1673 
1522 
1523 
1684 
1644 
1607 
1665 
2403 
£056 



♦1878 

2145 
2100 
2034 
1922 
1868 
1811 

1799 
1798 
1782 
1774 
1772 
1758 
1752 

1741 
1739 
1708 
1706 
1700 
1684 
1672 
1620 
1617 
1609 
2539 
2063 



Basic I I County 
Salary I 1 Bonus 



State 
Bonus 








l.-b^5 




i,4ll 





88 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



8|ooqDS iiv 



05 S 
< O 

H 



13 C 

o 



IBdlDUUJ 



|BdlJUUJ 



jaqoBax 



siooqos IIV 



M<NOt>^00-^000i0>05(N00(Nirt00i-lOTf^Tj<WO 

(NooO'-iTi<a5t>ooOTeoioiot-Ti<«5rHooooeot-<N 
05t-T-i;DC>i>t-t~;ot-t-t~t-t-i-ioooot-tot-o«o<o 



siooqDS P9-I0100 nv 



C- lO rH 00 CO 00 C- O CO ■ rH eg CO r}< r-< O r)< O O <D ;d »-i 

i-( eg o CO 05 cj 1-1 00 IN : Tj( X r)< 05 rH o o 00 00 eg 



I rH rH i-H rH i-H eg 



c<it-t~t-05'-iosi>cot-050050oooO'-HTj<egecooegcf5 
cgo^iH^D^t-cgoscgcot-oiTjfi^Dcgoot-osocorfO 

OsOOi-Ht-C^OOC-OOtCOOt-t-t^OOr-iCTiOOt-t-OOOt-C- 



siooqDS 
XjB:Hiaui9ig pajojoQ 



t- 00 c- 1- o OS <D CO c- ; 00 lo o> lo 00 00 CO «5 1- ^ eg o 

00 <D 00 U5 lO CD CO rj< ; lO lO -rj* 05 ifS U5 t^i t1< C- CO 



I CO 
I CO 

, o CO 



I ^ tH 1-H ^ r-l tH rH r-l rH Cg Cg (M 



o 

T3 O 

o 

o 



icaiocg-^t-oooi'^ 
■*'-(cgeOT}<oooo«co 

O00OCDt>00t~CDTl<^D 



■*oooooocgoioo.-iT}<(j5 

COCOUSrHCgOrHt-lClfti-HCO 

OOCDC^OiCOC-MU^iOr-lO'rt 



;irtoeo 
; ■»t U5 lO 
;co<3s eg 




IBdiouuj 



jaqDBax 



i-i05'i''-ioeoio-<t'^o 
oocooieg'-io5t>ot-oo 
t^t-cDiflcoio;ocoeoio 



OlMOC-OOtXJl'-HOOCOt-CD 

OicgoooTHoocoeooscDcow 



;t-ooio 
:Oi-hth 
;eo05 eg 



/ijB^uaraaia jiy 



o eg a> o CO <o o o 1-H CO CO 00 CO t> o o 1-1 lo 00 CD <-i ■'t CO cdcO'H 

t- eg 05 1-1 1-1 ic CO o 00 1- CO t- 05 1-< t> CO CO 00 lo cocoo 

00 t> 05^t-^t> l> t> t> CO 00 CD CO t-^t> 05 t- t-^t> t> 0>^CO_^CD^ ^.""l,"! 

iHrH T-TrH 1-H rH r-Ti-T ^'^'tH ^tH cg'i^rH i-H i4rH r-TiH r-T eg'cg'cg" 



papBJO 



oioooi-iicioegt>oooor)<coi-(cgcDegcococgcgooo 
t-ego5eoomT}<coi-'i-(CDt>eooo>i-ii-it-ot-coas'»f 

00t>05C-t>t-t>t>t-00t-C0t-00OCT>Q0t>00l>a5CDCD 



jaqoBaj^-OMX 



coeOT-iif5a5COkflt-ooi-iTi<.-iTi<cocDioeocgooot-eocg 
coegi-Hr-icgmcgicooiftCDcocoicoicooooi-icoi-iooo 
oocoi-icot-t-t>ooTi<t-cDt-t-t>ot>t~t-t>ooast>co 



iaqoBajj-auQ 



;woo 
;t}< loeo 
; OOJ CD 



loocoiot-oegt^kocgcoooc^oo 
i*ocoeoooioo50«HTf<ooooi-<cg 
iotD"5iocowi-ia5t>t>co-<i<os'<* 



\Bdpuuj 
puB "jaqoBaj, 



Ti<cocoooiHt~egco»ot-coiocooTj<i-ioo»o-^t-oi-(co 

•^CD05Cgc000CDt>t-CDCDc0OC0t>C0i-lt-t>00-rJ<C000 

O05cot-oooooo(j5t-ooooo5050>eoa50t-oooocooot~ 



: 1-1 CD CO 
05 ; o CD t> t- 
00 : U5 05 lo eg 



|BdlOUIJJ 



jaqoBax 



O O 05 00 C- O T)< lO eg O CD O lO CO eg O lO CO CO CO CO "5 

t- CO 1-1 CO t- CO 00 o> o eg 00 05 1- o o CD lo CO CO CO 00 1- 

<D ^ *i "^^ "'^^ ^ ''S, 

CO CO CO eo" (n" eg" eg eg" eg eg* co eg" eg" eg" eg" ■^" co* eg" eg" cJ eg" co" eg" eg" 



-"t CO 
00 

o ; 00 i-^t-^ 
' CO CO 



0> Oi 



--i0505cgt>Tj<ooo5cgcoo5cgo>c^oego5ioego5i-iTr-^ 
u5ooi-ieo<35coaiooirtcD>fteg'00ocgoO'^Tj<cgcou5rHco 
05oocococDt-cot>cot-t~ooc-t-egoooocot-t~egc-cD 



eg egcgcg 



=3 fl rt 13 a3j3 o 2 =3 3^ § 03 



e <-i o 
• 2 g Q) 

-Co" 



.5 § c c « 



Average Salary a^d Bonus per Teacher 



89 



00 <D i-i t- O O 00 05 ^ ■ O t- t> O t- t- OC CO o o oo 

CD « t- in o 00 00 c-^ 00 , ^ o ^ oo o o as o eo oo fo 



O PQ 



; 00 CD -n" 
; CO O (M 
C<1 (N -M '-' 



lOoomcoooiMiooocoo lajoc^oaic-t^c^cDajOicD 
CD CO t> CD o 00 05 1- t> 00 ; ?o Tj< o c- o o o o t- c- CO 

T-l ^ ^ CO ^ rH rH ^ i-l (N i-l t-I (M CJ (M (M --H r-l 



05 03 X 05 oi — ( o o o o ;ooocot> 
(M U5 rH lo 00 (M CO o (M ; lo o a> CO 



02 PQ 



r-iw{?:ocoocoot--^cocoot-^'Xt~(M»oiraa>cDa> 

CDC0CDCDO000000t~t-OC0-^OC0C-OOCOt-C-C0 

rt,-l.-HT-llM^rH,-H^,-HC<Ii-(rH(N'-l'-l(M<N(MCg'-l'-l'-l 



; Tji in t- 

(N (M 



C-t-OCOCOOCDOOCC-OCT5t>int>t-t-C~COOCX 
CDOOt-CDOtX3t-t~OOOOOTi<COOCOt>OOOOOOOOCO 

rHr-ll-Hi-HC5TMi-lr-l,-(,-l<>arH,-lC^,-lr^(M(M(M<M'-^— "-1 



incDO-^cDOomooxcDooot-'^oot-CDCDinocr. 00 
cDcot-CDOoooot-c-t-oco-^oeot-oooooot-co 

.-Hr-lrHrHC<lr-lTHrH,H>H(N'-l'-IO^'HrH(M(N(MC<lT-lT-ir-l 



OCOOOOCDCOCOOOOOO 

00-^ococDOOOOinoocom 

t^^Tl^C^jcOC<iTI<o6ocOQ6'-^dcDt> 

oo^Oiin(MC-(Mo-^'-i'-iin(N05CD 
inrHCTioeocDTjfoasaKM'-fOooo 



o o in o o a> i-H 

O O O O t-; 

c^' CO 00" CO d t> ^ 
—1 — ( O O --I o c~ 
00 OS t> -^ T-H tH o 



73 T5 



Hot o 



o^oooomoooooooooooinoocoo 
ocooinoooiooooooTjjininoorfooacoo 
t>(^ilffldoi-^^»-Hc^cDT^t>do6^^^(^jo6o6coln•^'-^CT> 
•>*oa3ino50ocDi-icD'-ioocot>t>cDinoo-^oX'-i-^t:^ 
o -^^^ i-H 00 eg cD^ c^o^ .-H a3_ a>_ cd^ 00^ t> o_ co_ eo^ ■<a<_ <>j cd__ co_^ oo__ 
as" 10 10" r-T d" ctT c-" t-T co" m" o (m" m* cd' 00" oT t> t> eg d" m" 
t-ini-(r-t(Meoeg(NN-<*eoo3'-(i-(t>oi-ii-(iM<Nt-eo^ 



o o 
o o 
CO t>^ 
CO oj 
00 1> 

rH-Cg 



00 05 CO o 

CO-tr-IO 
(N CO 0> C» 



ooooooooooooinoocgo 
. -. -. -. R R ^ ^ "-5 *^ 

icgint^^in-^rH^cgcDTft-^dr-^i^cgdoit^in-q^i-HO; 

* >^ ni> rr^ fi^ — lCD^COC0t^O^CDinCgO^0000'-^T-^t> 

ji-(aioicDOOLnocoi-iO(Ma2CDTi<oo 



W ^ W W ' 'w^ 

o CO o in o o oi 
oscginc^in-^rHrt 
-<a<ooioocooocD^ 



00 o 01 00 CO 00 CD .-I CD ^ CO CO t> 05 CD in eg 05 00 00 T-i T-(i 
"'^ ^« ""1, ^ ""1 ' 

.-T co" in in oT 00" oi" t-" -T co" 00" co" eg m" t*** 00' oT m' in oT t> i-T r-T 1 
cDin^ r-t CO eg (N eg eg CO — < t- o i-ii-H T-H t> CO ' 

00 tH t-H 



;73 

J 



4) O 1 



.9 2 



M Oi ^ 'J t? +^ .S 

!> « C • 4J S S O ^ 



;t bo bct) 

0) I- «- • 

5 S c g 
S»^OT> 



90 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 17 



AVERAGE SAIAEY PEE IHITE EIJSiENTAEr SCHOOL PRINCIPAL ANT TEACHER 



Coiinty 


1943 


1944 


1945 


Co. Arerage 


^559 


#1805 


tl862 


IfontgonazT' 


1883 


2068 


2090 


Baltlnoro 


1757 


1818 


1999 


Washington 


1534 


1834 


1931 


Ft* Goorg6*B 


1537 


1817 


1910 


Allegauy 


1475 


1818 


1870 


nrederlok 


1450 


1823 


1803 


Qaeen Anne** 


1401 


1741 


1791 


Cent 


1347 


1697 


1777 


St. Mary»8 


1249 


1559 


1775 


Carroll 


1459 


1805 


1756 


Talbot 


1402 


1704 


1746 


Charles 


1391 


1624 


1740 


Sonerset 


1349 


1662 


1738 


Howard 


1406 


1758 


1736 


Cecil 


1433 


1775 


1730 


Anne Arundel 


1471 


1771 


1722 


Caroline 


1338 


1598 


1760 


Calvert 


1343 


1701 


1710 


Wicomico 


1489 


1715 


1684 


Garrett 


1315 


1579 


1683 


Harford 


1344 


1679 


1678 


Worcester 


1368 


1692 


1653 


Dorchester 


1369 


1679 


1641 


Balto. CitTt 


1929 


2173 


2166 


State Average 1664 


1924 


1959 



Basic I 1 County State 

Salary I I Bonus Bonus 




t Data for elementary schools only ir, Baltimore City. Excludes corresponding figures for junior 
high schools: $2,501 in 1945, $2,577 in 1944, and $2,137 in 1943. 
For basic data by county, see Table XVIII, page 246. 



Average Salary per White Teacher 



91 



CHART 18 



AVERAGE SALARY PER WHITE HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 



1945 
County Prin- 
cipal 

Co. Av.$3070 



Average 
Teach- 
er 



Mi' 

State 

Average 3158 



Salary Per 
Prln. and 

Teacher 



11943 $2042 



Bait. 


3838 


2319 


2393 


Mont . 


4006 


2220 


2374 


Wash. 


3236 


2251 


2340 


All. 


3230 


1951 


2044 


Q. A. 


2660 


1849 


2016 


Chas. 


2785 


1789 


1973 


A. A. 


3419 


1889 


1963 


P. G. 


3102 


1882 


1961 


Harf. 


2986 


1822 


1935 


Kent 


2675 


1782 


1930 


How. 


2990 


1759 


1903 


Talbot 


2833 


1769 


1887 


Carr. 


2944 


1764 


1887 


Som. 


2733 


1722 


1874 


Fred. 


3100 


1766 


1867 


Gerr. 


2724 


1759 


1866 


Cecil 


2744 


1698 


1862 


Caro. 


2660 


1697 


1831 


Wlc. 


2683 


1714 


1831 


Wor. 


2675 


1664 


1786 


Dor. 


2492 


1652 


1775 


St. M. 


2855 


1645 


1775 


Calv. 


2877 


1632 


1728 



t2933 »2966 
2183 2259 



Basic I 1 County State 

Salary I 1 Bonus }22i22a Bonus 




Data for senior high schools only in Baltimore City. Excludes following corresponding figures for 
junior high and vocational schools: 

* 1945 per princioal: junior high $3,851; vocational $3,783. 

t 1945 per teacher: junior high $2,457; vocational $2,489. 

t 1945 per principal and teacher: junior high $2,501; vocational $2,579. 

For basic data by county, see Table XIX, page 247. 



S2 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 19 



AVERAGE SALARy PER COLORED ELEWENTARy SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 



County 



1943 1944 1945 



♦1599 



Co. Average |1291 

Uontgoaery 
Baltimore 
Allegany 
Vashlagton 
Cecil 

Anne Arundel 
Ft. George's 
Queen Anne's 
Harford 
Caroline 
Howard 
Carroll 
Kent 
Calvert 
Frederick 
Talbot 
Somerset 
Charles 
St. Mary's 
Wlccffliloo 
Worcester 
Dorchester 

Balto. Cltyt 1876 2236 2033 
State Average 1595 1908 1835 




t Data for elementary schools only in Baltimore City. Excludes corresponding figures for junio 
high schools: $2,345 in 1945, $2,312 in 1944, and $1,939 in 1943. 
For basic data by coxmty, see Table XXI, page 250. 



Average Salary per Colored Teacher 



93 



CHART 20 



County 



AVERAGE SALARY PEE COLORED HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 



1944 Average Salaiy Per 
Prin- Teach- Prln. and 
clpai er 



Allegany 
Baltimore 
llontgcmery 
larford 

Arundel 
St. Mail's 
arroll 
Cecil 
Jent 
arollne 
,. Anne '3 
:harles 
rrederl clc 
ioward 

Calvert 
Pr. George 
/flconilco 

Bom er set 
Worcester 
Talbot 
Dorchester 



State 



$2380 $1602 


2490 


1963 


2940 


1781 






357 5 


1707 


2200 


1699 


2986 


17 69 


1980 


1739 


2450 


1593 


2200 


1675 


2650 


1580 


2550 


1610 


2180 


1587 


2000 


1604 


2650 


1580 


1790 


1628 


2177 


1521 


2163 


1518 


2750 


1*537 


2320 


1431 


1750 


1486 


2650 


1498 


27 50 


1374 


♦4467 


t2918 


2502 


2072 




Data for senior high schools only in Baltimore City. Excludes corresponding figures for junior 
liigh and vocational schools: 

* 1945 per principal: junior high $3,521; vocational $3,264. 

t 1945 per teacher: junior high $2,307; vocational $2,215. 

X 1945 per principal and teacher: junior high $2,345; vocational $2,253. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXII, page 251. 



94 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 71 



Number of County Schools Giving Instruction in Grades 1-7 (8) Having Following 
Number of Teachers and Principals, School Year, 1944-45 



Number 






"3 




























n 

bD 
















OF 

Teachers 

AND 

Principals 


Total 


Allegany 


Anne Arund 


Baltimore 


1 Calvert 


[Caroline 


Carroll 


[Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


[Frederick 


[Garrett 


Harford 


[Howard 


[Kent 


[Montgomery 


Prince Geori 


[Queen Anne 


St. Mary's 


Somerset 


[Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


1 Worcester 



Elementary Schools for White Pupils* 



Total Schools 


543142 


27 


42 


6 


9 


20 


21 


7 


27 


29 


50 


35 


10 


12 


39 


46 


15 


14 


13 


11 


43 


15 


10 


1.0- 1.4 


122117 








1 


X5 


a9 


al 


16 


1 


31 


10 


2 


t3 


t4 


t5 


6 


3 


6 


a4 


a6 


2 




1.5- 2.4 


91 


3 


2 


a3 


2 


2 


1 


4 




4 


7 


7 


11 


1 


5 


3 


4 


3 


*10 


1 


2 


10 


3 


3 


2.5- 3.4 


40 


2 


5 


3 


1 






1 




1 


4 


6 






2 


4 


1 


2 




1 


1 


2 


1 


3 


8.5- 4.4 


48 


2 


2 


4 


2 


i 


2 




1 


2 


4 


2 


1 


i 




*3 


3 


3 




2 


2 


8 


3 




4.5- 6.4 


29 


1 


3 


3 




2 


1 
3 


i' 


3 




2 




3 


1 






4 










2 


1 


i' 


5.5- 6.4 


37 
39 


6 


2 


4 




1 


1 


2 


1 




*3 


2 


i 


1 


5 






1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


6.5- 7.4 _ 


*4 


4 


5 


1 


1 


*2 


3 




3 




3 


2 




1 


7 






1 




1 






7.5- 8.4...„ 


19 


*1 


1 


1 






*2 






' i 


1 


2 


2 






*1 


4 






1 




1 




i' 


8.5- 9.4 „ 


22 


*6 


1 


3 






1 


1 




1 


2 










4 


2 








1 






9.5-10.4 


10 


2 


1 






1 






2 


1 






1 




1 












1 




10.5-11.4 


18 


1 


1 


3 




1 


1 












i 






*2 


2 










=i'*2 


3 


i 


11.5-12.4 


15 


3 




3 








1 
















*5 


3 












12.5-13.4 


4 




i 


1 


















1 










1 












13.5-14.4 „. . 


8 


*i 
















2 










2 


1 










**2 






14.5-15.4 _ 


8 




2 


























4 


1 








*1 








15.5-16.4 _ 


4 






























1 


1 








*2 






16.5-17.4 _ 


7 






1 




















1 




2 












**3 






17.5-18.4 


2 




i 




























1 














18.5-19.4 


7 


"*2 








*1 


1 


1 














1 


1 
















19.5-20.4 


3 


2 




i 










































20.5 or more 


10 


*1 




6 
























*1 












*2 





















































Elementary Schools for Colored Pupils* 



Total Schools 


285 


2 


38 


17 


16 


4 


6 


5 


19 


12 


9 




16 


8 


6 


20 


39 


13 


14 


9 


10 


1 


11 


10 


1.0- 1.4 


118 


1 


14 


4 


10 
3 




4 


2 


10 


a*8 


4 




b 
11 


2 


3 


3 


9 


11 


8 


1 


t7 




4 


c2 


1.6- 2.4 


101 


13 


8 




1 


3 


7 


1 


4 




4 


5 


1 


10 


22 


1 


5 


5 




3 


6 


2.5- 3.4 


26 




5 




2 


"2 


*1 






1 










1 


4 


5 


1 


1 








3 




8.5- 4.4 


15 




3 


'*i 


1 


2 
















"i 




*2 


1 






i 


2 






i 


4.5- 5.4 


11 


*i 


1 


1 








2 


"l 






i 






1 






1 








2 


5.5- 6.4 


6 


1 






















1 


1 












*i 






6.5- 7.4 


3 


















1 


















i" 


i 








7.5- 8.4 


1 






1 










































8.5- 9.4. 


1 
















1 






























9-5-10.4 


1 




1 










































11.5-12.4 


2 
































1 












1 








1 













































t Includes 2 schools having grades 1-4. 

* Includes grades 7 and 8 of junior high school, or grade 7 or grade 8 which is in high school. 

t Includes 4 schools having grades 1-4. 

a Includes 1 school having grades 1-4 or 1-3. 

b Includes one school which became a two-teacher school in March, 
c Includes one school having grades 6-7 only. 



Size of Teaching Staff in County Elementary Schools; County Schools 95 
Having A One-Teacher Organization 



TABLE 72 



Decrease in Teachers Employed in County One-Teacher Schools,* 1920-1945 



SchooIj Year 
Ending 
June 30 


County White Elementary Teachers 




Elementary 


Teachers 


T t 1 


In One-Teacher Schools 


Total 


In One-Teacher Schools 






XT K 

IN Umber 


Percent 




In urnuer 


p t 

ercen 


1920 


2 992 


1 171 


39 


.1 


683 


422 


61 8 


1921 


3 037 


1 149 


37 


8 


694 


408 


58 8 


1922 


3 054 


1 124 


36 


8 


708 


406 


57 3 


1923 


3 063 


1093 


35 


7 


712 


403 


56 6 


1924 


3 065 


1055 


34 


4 


728 


395 


54 4 


1925 


3 047 


1005 


33 





721 


397 


55' 1 


1926 


3 067 


956 


31 


2 


728 


394 


64.1 


1927.. 


3 088 


898 


29 


1 


725 


382 


52.7 


1928 


3 070 


823 


26 


8 


734 


378 


51.5 


1929 


3!078 


739 


24 





734 


372 


50.7 


1930 


3,050 


663 


21 


7 


733 


363 


49.5 


1931.. 


3,049 


586 


19 


2 


739 


353 


47.7 


1932 


3,022 


489 


16 


2 


727 


344 


47.3 


1933 


2,954 


407 


13 


8 


718 


334 


46.5 


1934 


2,947 


377 


12 


8 


708 


331 


46.7 


1935 


2,941 


365 


12 


4 


714 


318 


44.5 


1936 


2,949 


342 


11 


6 


709 


■ 309 


43.6 


1937 


2,972 


324 


10 


9 


697 


293 


42.0 


1938 


2,965 


289 


9 


7 


677 


271 


40.0 


1939 


2,946 


260 


8 


8 


658 


232 


35.3 


1940 


2,944 


209 


7 


1 


644 


198 


30.7 


1941 


2,921 


184 


6 


3 


627 


181 


28.9 


1942 


2,935 


160 


5 


5 


611 


146 


24.0 


1943 


2,929 


143 


4 


9 


601 


132 


22.0 


1944 


2,979 


118 


4 





602 


121 


20.2 


1945 


3,050 


106 


3 


5 


611 


112 


18.3 



TABLE 73 — Number and Percent of Teachers and Pupils in One-Teacher* 
Elementary Schools in Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 



Total and Average 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Charles 

Worcester 

Montgomery 

Frederick 

Carroll 

Prince George's .... 

Allegany 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Caroline 

Kent 

Howard 

Talbot 

Harford 

St. Mary's 

Cecil ; 

Somerset 

Queen Anne's 

Dorchester 

Garrett 



Schools For White Pupils 



Teachers in 
One-Teacher 
Schools 



Num- 
ber 



105.7 



2.0 
1.0 
1.0 
3.0 
5.0 
5.0 
2.0 
1.0 
1.0 
2.0 
3 
10.0 
3.0 
8.0 
6.0 
6.0 
16.0 
30.7 



Per- 
cent 



.5 
.7 
.8 
.9 
1.5 
1.8 
2.6 
2.7 
2.9 
3.6 
7.5 
7.7 
8.3 



Pupils in 
One-Teacher 
Schools 



Num- 
ber 



2,322 



43 
20 
12 
63 
103 
150 
54 
19 
14 
60 
32 
238 
66 
208 
139 
132 
330 
639 



Per- 
cent 



2.1 



.3 
.5 
1.0 
1 6 
2.1 
1.3 
1.3 
2.9 
2.4 
5.6 
6.2 
6.5 
10.0 
11.3 
16.2 
19.8 



County 



Total and Average 

Caroline 

Washington 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Montgomery 

Baltimore 

Prince George's 

Howard 

Wicomico 

Anne Arundel 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Kent 

Dorchester 

Talbot... 

Cecil 

Charles 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Harford 

Carroll 

Queen Anne's 



Schools For Colored Pupils 



Teachers in 
One-Teacher 
Schools 



Pupils in 
One-Teacher 
Schools 



Num- 


Per- 


Num- 


Per- 


ber 


cent 


ber 


cent 


111.8 


18.3 


3,424 


15.4 


1.0 


3.7 


19 


1.9 


1.0 


3.9 


38 


3.7 


3.0 


6.6 


129 


7.8 


4.0 


8.1 


162 


7.2 


9.0 


10.1 


259 


8.4 


2.0 


12.5 


69 


12.6 


4.0 


12.9 


103 


10.0 


13.6 


16.0 


439 


15.3 


1.0 


17.5 


29 


16.5 


4.0 


21.1 


104 


16.5 


3.0 


21.4 


93 


17.0 


6.0 


22.2 


192 


18.8 


5.0 


22.7 


118 


15.9 


2.3 


27.7 


87 


26.6 


10.0 


29.4 


346 


25.1 


7.9 


37.8 


214 


30.9 


10.0 


38.5 


392 


37.7 


10.0 


41.2 


268 


34.7 


4.0 


44.9 


75 


30.4 


11.0 


68.8 


288 


57.7 



* Schco's- heving 



a one-teacher organiz?:i 



:tion, i.p., grades one to f vo. 



■3n, cr eight. 



96 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 74 



Size of Teaching Staff in Last Four Years of Maryland County High Schools 
for White Pupils, Year Ending June 30, 1945 









0) 




























tc 


w 














Number 






-a 

c 




























c 


c 


m 






c 

o 






OF 

Teachers 


Total No. 
Schools 


c 

t£ 
< 


1 Anne Arui 


Baltimore 


> ','1 v(>rt 


U 


1 Carroll 


1 Cecil 


1 Charles 


a 

Q 


Frederick 


Oi 

c5 
C 


1 Harford 


1 Howard 


1 Kent 


s 

o 

c 

o 


Prince Ge 


1 Queen An 


1 St. Mary'; 


s 

c 


"5 

"r* 


_C 


Wicomico 


t Worcester 


Grand Total 


141 


10 


5 


9 


1 


5 


9 


8 


5 


6 


7 


5 


8 


4 


4 


12 


11 




2 


4 


3 


8 


6 


4 



Four Year High Schools 



Total 


127 


8 


4 


6 


1 


5 


8 


8 


5 


6 


7 


5 


8 


4 


4 


7 


11 


5 


2 


4 


3 


6 


6 


4 


2 


6 














1 


1 


1 




















1 






1 


— 


3 


g 


1 














2 














1 






1 


1 




2 




4 


18 








1 




3 


2 


1 






1 




1 


2 




4 










2 


T 


5 


11 


2 










1 




2 


3 


2 




1 




















6 












1 


1 












1 


1 
















3 






7 : 


9 




2 






1 


2 






1 


1 




1 


1 






















g 


6 












1 


1 


1 










2 




1 












2 


9 


13 






1 




1 


2 


1 


1 




1 


1 














1 




1 


1 




L 


10 


g 












1 












1 






1 




1 












11 


7 


i 


















1 




1 








2 






2 










12 


5 




















1 






1 






2 










1 






13 


4 


1 






1 
















i' 




"l 




















14 






























1 
















15 


4 






1 








1 
















1 










1 








18 


1 
































1 
















21 


2 






















1 


1 
























23 


1 
















































24 


2 


1 










1 




































27 


2 
































2 
















28 


1 






1 










































30 


1 
































1 
















33 


2 






1 




































1 




34 


1 




























1 


















35 


1 


1 














































36 


2 




1 
























1 


















37 


2 


1 


i 












































38 


1 










































1 






40 


1 




1 












































• 44 


2 






1 














1 













































































Eighth and Ninth Grades of Second Group and Junior High Schools 



Total 


14 


2 


1 


3 






1 


















5 












2 


































2 


2 
3 
2 
1 
1 

2 

2 
1 


1 
1 




1 










































3 






1 


















1 
1 
1 
1 


















4 „ 




1 








































5 








































6 




1 










































10 
































1 






12 






































13 
























1 










































1 

















For teaching staff in individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



Size of Teaching Staff and Enrollment in County White] 
High Schools 



97 



TABLE 75 

Size of Enrollment in Last Four Years of Maryland County High Schools for 
White Pupils, for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Average Number 
Belonging 


1 Total No. 
1 Schools 


AU-egany 1 


Anne Arundel 1 


Baltimore 1 


Calvert 1 


Caroline 1 


Carroll 


1 Cecil 


1 Charles 


1 Dorchester 


1 Frederick 


0) 

o 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince George's 


Queen Anne's 


St. Mary's 


Somerset 


o 
E- 


Washington 


Wicomico 


1 Worcester 1 


Total 


141 


10 


5 


9 


1 


5 


9 


8 


5 


6 


7 

I 


5 


8 


4 


4 


12 


11 


5 


2 


4 


3 


8 


6 


4 




Four Year High Schools 


26- 40 


6 
3 
18 
14 
12 
12 
6 
9 
7 
6 
3 
1 
3 
2 
1 
2 

1 
1 
2 

1 

1 

2 

1 

1 

2 

2 

1 
1 

1 
1 

1 

1 

1 














1 














I 






i 
I 
1 




1 


1 




I 


1 


41- 50 














1 

2 

1 












51- 75 


1 
2 








I 




4 
1 


4 

:::: 


1 

1 
J 


3 


2 

2 
1 


2 




2 
J 


i 






4 


76- 100 








101- 125 








1 
1 

1 


2 
4 

1 


1 






1 

2 






126- 150 










151- 175 




2 












176- 200 








1 


1 










1 


1 




2 

T 


201- 225 














1 
1 


1 






^ 

1 






226- 250 


i 




1 










1 


1 


1 


251- 275 


























276— 300 














1 






1 
















301- 325... . 




















1 




1 


















1 








1 
























1 










351- 375 




































1 








376- 400... 














1 


















1 














451- 475...... 






1 








































476- 500 
















1 


























601- 525... 


















1 




1 
























551- 575.... 












1 




























601- 625 


1 












































626- 650 




























1 


1 
1 
















676- 700 ... 












































751- 775 






























1 
















776- 800 






























1 












1 




876- 900. .. 


2 








































926- 950 


1 


1 










































951- 975 










































1,001-1,025 












































1,026-1,050 




1 






































1,101-1,125 
















1 




























1,176-1,201 






1 
1 

1 








































1,201-1,226 










































1,326-1,350 

























































































Eighth and Ninth Grades of Second Group and Junior High Schools 



1 














































1 




























1 














































3 






















1 












































1 




































1 


































1 


























































1 










1 

























































































41- 50 

51- 75. 

76- 100. 

126- 150. 

226- 250- 

251- 275. 



301- 
376- 



326 
400 



For enrollment in individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



98 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 76 

Number of Public High Schools, Year Ending July 31, 1945 



Public High Schools for 



Year and 
County 


White Pupils 


Colored Pupils 


Total 


Group 


Total 


Group 


il 


$2 or Jr. 






1920 


82 


*69 


tl3 


4 




14 


1925 


148 


*130 


tl8 


16 


ii 


5 


1930 


152 


142 


alO 


25 


17 


8 


1935 


150 


136 


bl4 


28 


25 


3 


1940 _ 


149 


133 


cl6 


33 


31 


a2 


1941 


149 


132 


dl7 


33 


31 


a2 


1942 


148 


131 


dl7 


33 


31 


a2 


1943 


144 


128 


dl6 


32 


30 


a2 


1944 


143 


127 


el6 


32 


30 


a2 


1945 


141 


127 


el4 


32 


30 


a2 


Allegany 


10 


8 


2 


1 


1 




Anne Arundel 


5 


4 


al 


1 


1 




Baltimore 


9 


6 


g3 


3 


3 




Calvert 


1 


1 


1 


1 




Caroline 


5 


5 




1 


1 




Carroll 


9 


8 


i 


1 


1 




Cecil 


8 


8 




1 


1 




Charles 


5 


5 




2 


2 




Dorchester 


6 


6 




1 


1 




Frederick 


7 


7 




1 


1 




Garrett 


5 


5 










Harford 


8 


8 




2 


2 




Howard 


4 


4 




1 


1 




Kent 


4 


4 




1 


1 




Montgomery 


12 


7 


5 


1 


1 




Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 


11 


11 




3 


3 




5 


5 




1 


1 




St. Mary's 


2 


2 




2 


2 




Somerset 


4 


4 




2 


2 




Talbot 


3 


3 




1 


1 




Washington 


8 


6 


f"2 


1 


1 




Wicomico 


6 


6 


fx2 




1 


a2 


Worcester 


4 


4 




3 


i 


Baltimore City.... 


21 


h7 


xl4 


4 


h2 


x2 


Entire State 


162 


134 


28 


36 


32 


4 



X First group schools have as a minimum an enrollment of 30, an attendance of 25, and two teach- 
ers. They give a four-year course. Second group schools have as a minimum an enrollment of 15, 
an attendance of 12. They give a two-year course. Junior high schools composed of the higher ele- 
mentary grades (7 in the 7 grade counties and 7-8 in the 8 grade counties) and the first, or first and 
second ytars of high school (8 or 8-9 in the 11 grade counties and 9 in the 12 grade counties). 

* Includes the group classified as group 1 and group 2, prior to 1928. 

t Classified as group 3 prior to 1928. 

a Second group schools only. 

b Includes 7 junior high schools. 

c Includes 10 junior high schools. 

d Includes 11 junior high schools. 

e Includes 12 junior high schools. 

f Excludes one junior high school with grades 7 and 8 only. * , • . . • v , i 

g Includes one second group school which g.ves a one-year course only, and 2 junior high schools 
with a two-year course. 

h Includes two junior-senior high schools with grades 7-12 inclusive. 
X Junior high schools having grades 7 to 9 inclusive. 

For individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



Number of Public High Schools; Size of Teaching Staff and 99 
Enrollment in County Colored High Schools 



TABLE 77 



Size of Teaching Staflf and Size of Enrollment in Last Four Years of Maryland 
County High Schools for Colored Pupils, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



No. of 

Teachers 

Average 

No. 
Belonging 


Total No. 
High Schools 


[ Allegany 


I Anne Arundel 


1 Baltimore 


1 Calvert 


1 Caroline 


[ Carroll 


Cecil 


[ Charles 


1 Dorchester 


1 Frederick 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


1 Montgomery 


Prince George's 


Queen Anne's 


St. Mary's 


Somerset | 


Talbot 1 


Washington 


Wicomico | 


1 Worcester [ 


All Schools 


**32 


1 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 


1 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 




Number of Schools 


Distributed by Size 


OP 


Teaching 


Staff 












2. 


**4 






1 




























1 










X 


3. 


3 






















i 








1 










1 




4 


5 


' i 




i 






1 










1 












1 










5„ 


5 






1 








1 










' i 








1 


1 












6 


6 








1 








2 




i 




"i 




"i 
















7 


2 










i 






























1 


8 




































i 










9 


1 




























' 1 
















10 


2 




























1 








1 








12 


1 


















1 


























16 


1 












































24 


1 




1 


























































































Number of Schools Distributed by Size of Enrollment 


26- 50 
51- 75 


*4 
*4 


1 




"i 
















1 








"i 




1 






1 




*1 
♦1 


76-100 


2 






1 






"i 


































101-125 


7 












i 


' i 






' i 








"i 




1 


1 










126-150... .... 

151-175 


2 






"i 






















1 












4 








' 1 


i 






"i 










i 




















176-200 


4 




















i 
















1 


1 






1 


201-225 


1 




























' 1 














276-300 


1 




























1 
















301-325 


1 


















1 




























401-425 


1 










































1 




601-625 


... 1 




1 











































* Each asterisk represents one second group school in Worcester County. 
For individual high schools in 1945, see Table XXIII, pages 252 to 257. 



121867 



100 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 
TABLE 78— Baltimore City Summer Schools, 1944 



Type of School 



White Schools 
Secondary 

Senior 

Jiinior „ 

Elementary 

Demonstration 

Accelerated 

Total White... 

Colored Schools 
Secondary 

Senior 

Junior 

Elementary 

Demonstration 

Total Colored 

All Schools 

1944 

1943....„ _ 

1942 _ 

1941 „„ 

1940 „, 

1939 

1938 

1937 _ 

1936 „ 

1935 

1934 

1932 

1931 





Total 


Net 


Roll at 


End 


Percent 






Enrollment 




of Term 


of Net Roll 
















Recommended 


xN 0. 














for Promotion 


of 


No. 








Taking 


Taking 


Princi- 


of 
















pals 


Schools 
















and 




Boys 


Girls 


Total 










Teach- 








Re- 


Ad- 


Re- 


Ad- 


ers 










view 


vance 


view 


vance 












Work 


Work 


Work 


Work 




2 


1,099 




811 


1,716 


1,639 


77 


100.0 


90.8 


31 




383 


0'7W 
^ 1 O 


584 


584 




94.6 




10 


4 


'III 


O 1 O 


614 


614 




94.6 




19 


1 


124 


155 


256 




256 





100.0 


13 


1 


161 


31 


179 




179 




100.0 


6 


9 


2,244 


1,651 


o,o4y 


2,837 


512 






TO 
10 


1 


94 


202 


277 


175 


102 


97.2 


100.0 


13 


1 


170 


240 


358 


358 




96 .0 




13 


3 


848 


1,138 


1,738 


1,738 




90.8 





27 


1 


102 


loo 


254 




254 




100.0 


12 


6 


1,214 


1, loo 


2,627 


2,271 


356 






DO 


15 


3,458 


3,416 


5,976 


5,108 


868 







143 


14 


3,156 


3,201 


o,ooy 


1,0'kO 








1 OA 


15 


3,597 


3,397 


6,154 


4,819 


1,335 






■% AT 

147 


14 


3,261 


3,233 


5,728 


4,987 


741 






120 


14 


3 641 


3 347 


6,135 


5,370 


765 






127 


14 


3^644 


3)359 


6,208 


5,505 


703 






121 


14 


3,299 


3,350 


5,822 


4.917 


905 






128 


14 


2,905 


2,948 


5,142 


4,290 


852 






121 




3,400 


3,028 




4,963 


581 








14 


4,150 


3,929 


7,015 


6,304 


711 






128 


15 


3.728 


3,472 


6,139 


5,324 


815 






120 


12 


3.644 


3,263 


6,081 


5,393 


688 






107 


16 


4.399 


4,088 


7.192 


6,354 


838 






154 



TABLE 79— Baltimore City Adult Education, 1944-45 





Enrollment 


Type of Work 


White 


Colored 


Nights 
in 
















Session 




1945 


1944 


1943 


1945 


1944 


1943 


1944-45 


Americanization 


569 


807 


1,039 








96 


Academic: 










Elementary. 


71 


41 


52 


861 


835 


945 


96 


Secondary** 


1,204 


1,158 


1,402 


474 


472 


434 


*■* 


Commercial _ 


848 


672 


846 


350 


217 


224 


96 


Vocational:* 
















Industrial 


245 


396 


737 


124 


90 


' 393 


65 


Home Economics 


432 


119 


231 


419 


346 


307 


65 


Parent Education 


1,545 


1,288 


1,218 


391 


405 


473 


49 


Industrial Trainingt 


70 


275 


587 










War Production Training^ 


10,999 
471 


11,947 
527 


17,270 
567 


3,303 


3,806 


5,464 




Informal Program 


49 











* Vocational courses are reimbursed from federal vocational Smith-Hughes or George-Deen funds. 
Persons taking them are employed at work related to the field in which the course is given. 

t Courses in industrial work not reimbursed from federal funds. The students may be unemployed 
or working in fields other than industrial work. 

t Courses in training for war production paid for from federal funds given five nights a week, or 
6 and 7 days a week over periods of six weeks, continuous throughout the year. 

** The junior high school academic classes met 96 nights while the senior high school academic 
classes met 129 nights. 



Baltimore City Summer Schools; Adult Education in City and Counties 101 



TABLE 80 — Adult Education Program in Maryland Counties, 1944-45, 
Excluding War Production Program 



County 


Enrollment by Subject 


Total 
Enroll- 
ment* 


No. of 
Teachers 


Salary 
Expendi- 
tures 


Agri- 
culture 


Home 
Econo- 
mics 


Indus- 
trial 
Work 


Business 
Educa- 
tion, 


General 


M 


W 


Grand Total 


377 


1,716 


313 


876 


1,478 


4,760 


54 


77 


$18,416.13 



White Adults 



Total Counties 


284 


1,364 


281 


809 


1,347 


4,085 


48 


60 


$14,917.13 


Allegany 


132 


510 


30 


92 


58 


822 


10 


10 


4,612.50 


Baltimore 






27 


74 




101 


4 




1,065.00 


Carroll 




47 


36 


74 




157 


1 


3 


454.50 


Cecil 








31 




31 




1 


216.00 


Dorchester 


ii 


25 


16 


14 




66 


3 


1 


195.63 


Frederick 


84 










84 


3 




280.00 


Garrett 








36 


44 


80 


1 


"1 


202.50 


Harford 




65 


13 


66 


27 


al71 


2 


6 


601.50 


Howard 


14 










14 


1 




48.00 


Kent 


24 


85 




12 


14 


135 


1 


5 


502.50 


Montgomery 




561 


89 


252 


787 


bl,689 


8 


22 


4,621.00 


Prince George's .... 

Queen Anne's 

T^lhot 




71 


54 


40 


358 


523 


8 


7 


1,413.00 








14 




14 




1 


108.00 










a 


11 




2 


108.00 


Washington 


19 






73 


48 


140 


"5 




273.00 


Wicomico 






16 


31 




47 


1 


1 


216.00 



Colored Adults 



Total Counties 


93 


352 


32 


67 


131 


675 


6 


17 


$3,499.00 


Allegany 




17 








17 






72.00 


Anne Arundel 




30 


17 




25 


72 


1 


3 


1,075.50 


Dorchester .. 


17 




21 




38 


2 




135.00 


Harford 




43 








43 




i' 


130.50 


Montgomery.. 




82 




46 




cl28 




4 


475.00 


Somerset 




16 








16 




1 


90.00 


Talbot 


55 


40 








95 






427.50 


Wicomico 


21 


124 


16 




106 


266 




6 


1,093.50 



♦ Not classified by sex. May include duplicates. 

a Total enrollment includes 9 men: 5 taking courses in Business Education and 4 taking Gen- 
eral courses. 

b Total enrollment includes 309 men taking the following types of courses: Home Economics 1; 

Industrial Work 57; Business Education 56; General 195. 
c Total enrollment includes 5 men taking the following types of courses: Agriculture 2; Home 

"Economics 1; Business Education 2. 



102 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 81 

Descriptive Titles of Courses Offered in Maryland County Adult Education Program under 
Classifications of Agriculture, Home Economics, Trades and Industries, Business Education, 
General, Excluding Federal Program for Training in War Production, 1944-45 



Agriculture 

*Home Gardening 1 

Farm Machinery 13 

Production, Conservation, and Processing of 

Food for Farm Families..... 4 

tPreservation of Food 3 

Food Production, Swine and Gardening 4 

*Increasing Field Cooperation and Vegetable 

Production 1 

Home Economics 

Clothing Construction 15 

tClothing Conservation.... . 14 

♦Clothing . 1 

tttSewing 5 

♦Textiles and Clothing . . ... 1 

tttNeedlecraft..... 11 

Clothing and Foods 1 

Nutrition 5 

ttttHome Nursing 9 

Slip Covers 2 

tfGeneral Home Economics 4 

♦Community Canning 5 

Trades and Industries 

Elementary Blueprint Reading — 1 

Advanced Bluepnnt Reading. 1 

fHome Mechanics 6 

Repair of Home Equipment 1 

Cabinet Making 7 

♦Woodwork.. :. 1 

Electric Arc Welding 1 

Business Education 

ttttTypewriting 21 

Typing and Stenography... j 

Typing and Bookkeeping.. — . 1 

Stenography. 4 

Business English 1 

Secretarial Course 2 



General 

English 1 

Mathematics , 1 

Mathematics for Machinists 2 

Spanish 5 

Spanish Conversation 10 

French 4 

Chemistry for Nurses 1 

Fine and Practical Arts 1 

Fine Arts _ 3 

Arts and Crafts 3 

Sketching and Art 2 

Current Problems 1 

Public Speaking 2 

Hearing Conservation 1 

Home and School 3 

Music Appreciation 2 

Ground School Pilot Training 1 

Photography 1 

Playground Organization 1 

Indoor Games — 1 

Outdoor Games. 1 

Health Training (Men) 1 

Health Training (Women) 1 

♦English and Reading 1 

♦Civics and Arithmetic 1 

♦Consumer Education 1 

♦Government.. — . 1 

♦Dramatics ^ 1 

♦Music - 1 

♦Physical Education , ■- 2 



* Offered for colored adults. 

t Each t indicates one class for colored adults. 



Vocational Rehabilitation 

Although vocational rehabilitation services are not limited to 
vocational training such training is a very important phase of the 
program. Other services rendered are: The provision of artificial 
limbs, braces, hearing aids, and other prosthetic devices needed by 
disabled persons in preparing for or engaging in a vocation; medical 
and surgical treatments required to make the handicapped person 
employable; living maintenance, transportation, and training sup- 
plies while learning a vocation; assistance in finding employment 
and supervision for a limited time while getting established in em- 
ployment. 

Any disabled person over sixteen years of age who is not satis- 
factorily employed or who is unemployed is eligible for any of the 
services Hsted. The number of disabled who can be reached by this 
service will be in direct proportion to the State funds provided for 
case service. 



Adult Education Courses Offered in Counties; Vocational 103 

Rehabilitation 



TABLE 82 



Service Rendered Cases Referred for Vocational Rehabilitation in Maryland 
During Year Ending June 30, 1945 













• 

hseing 








Total 


Re- 




X raining 


Prepared 


ourveyeo, 


Closed 




Number 




r oil wed 


Completed, 


for 










tateu 


on 


Awaiting 


Employ- 


A A 


utner 




Cases 




Jobs 


Jobs 


ment 


visement 


Services 


X OtBl l_/Olintl6S 


753 




iO 






lUo 


g 


Allegany 


112 


25 




6 


12 


67 


2 


Anne Arundel .... 


48 


5 




1 


13 


29 




Baltimore 


131 


30 


"i 


2 


40 


56 


"i 


Calvert 


5 








3 


2 






15 


Q 
O 




1 


D 







Carrnll 


23 


A 






g 


13 


— 


Cecil 


16 


o 

Lt 


o 
£• 


o 


1 
L 


g 




ChnrliKi 












Q 






25 


Q 
O 


o 


2 


1 
X 


Xd 


X 


Frederick 


36 


8 


1 


1 


11 


15 




Garrett 


24 


4 




1 


2 


17 




Harford 


11 


2 






1 


8 




Howard 


15 


2 




1 


2 


10 




Kent 


17 


2 




2 


6 


7 




Montgomery 
Pr. George's 


24 


6 






2 


15 


i 


63 


14 


1 


2 


9 


37 




Queen Anne's .... 


5 




1 






4 




St. Mary's 


12 


"2 


2 




i 


6 


T 


Somerset 


20 


3 


2 


2 




11 


1 


Talbot 


11 






1 


2 


8 


Washington 


71 


23 




1 


7 


40 




Wicomico 


43 


9 


2 


5 


11 


14 


i 


Worcester 


15 


2 






3 


10 




Baltimore City 


721 


266 


18 


36 


102 


277 


22 


Total State: 
















1945 


1,474 


415 


33 


66 


244 


685 


31 


1944 


1,267 


355 


33 


80 


136 


628 


35 


1943 


953 


358 


63 


47 


129 


327 


29 


1942 


538 


209 


35 


25 


102 


129 


38 


1941 


443 


111 


65 


17 


141 


75 


34 



In order that individuals disabled in industry may know prompt- 
ly of the opportunities for rehabilitation, a staff member of the 
Vocational Rehabilitation Service is assigned to the office of the 
State Industrial Accident Commission. 

During the first year of work with the blind, positions were ob- 
tained for 39 blind persons of whom 30 were trained and placed in 
remunerative work in industry with salaries ranging from $18 to 
$60 per week. 

Seepages 152 to 153 for summary of conference on January5 , 
1946, when the vocational rehabilitation program was presented 
by Mr. Thompson and members of his staff to the rest of the mem- 
bers of the staff of the State Department of Education. 



104 1945 Report of Mar^taxd State Department of Education 



VOCATIONAL TRAINING FOR WAR AND FOOD PRODUCTION 
Training for War Production 

In the program for Vocational Training for National Defense 
and for War Production Workers organized in July 1940, under the 
direction of the State Department of Education with Federal funds, 
a total county and City enrollment of 166,405 was given preemploy- 
ment and supplementary courses up to June 30, 1945, when the 
program was discontinued. In these five vears the enrollments were 
24,000, 48,500, 41,200, 30,400, and 19,500, respectively. The pre- 
emplojTnent classes were designed to train the inexperienced and 
the unskilled for industrial emplo\TQent, including women and 
negroes, while the supplementary classes had as their primary pur- 
pose the upgrading of skills, techniques and special knowledge of 
workers on the job. 

During the past three years many courses were organized to 
meet the requirements of employers for in-plant training, while 
other courses were given in public school vocational shops to trainees 
who were paid wages while taking the courses to prepare for specific 
emplo\Tnent in a particular plant or for a particular ser\ice. Special- 
ized courses were also given for Army and Nay\' personnel. 

PreemplojTnent training was organized in the past two years 
for high school seniors who spent half of their time in regular class- 
work and the other half in vocational shop centers of the war pro- 
duction program. Equipment valued at $539,000 was placed in 50 
shops. This becomes available for use in the regular vocational 
education program in the high and vocational schools of the counties 
and Baltimore City. 

Training for foremen, supervisors, safety and conference leaders 
formerly offered in the regular vocational trade extension and even- 
ing classes was expanded and carried on successfully as part of the 
emergence' program. Training for women industrial counselors was 
also offered. 

Food Production War Training 

In the five years there were 38,217 enrolled in the out-of-school 
youth program which included Food Production War Training 
program. This included farm machinery courses in which 160,000 
pieces of farm equipment were repaired; and food preservation and 
canning classes in which approximately 540,000 pint cans were pro- 
cessed. 

Training for the Handicapped 

Courses were planned to cover a period of from six months to 
two years to meet the needs of veterans with ser\ice connected dis- 
abilities who were assigned through the local office of the Veterans' 
Administration. These -trainees received pay while in training in 
addition to other special allotments. 

Classes were also organized to meet the needs of disabled veterans 
without ser\ice connected disabilities and for ci\iHans disabled 
through industrial accidents or other causes who were referred by the 



Vocational Training for War and Food Production 



105 



TABLE 83— Vocational Defense Training, Cumulative Enrollment and Expenditures for 
Salaries, Supplies, Operation, Maintenance and Equipment, July 1, 1941 to June 30, 1945 



County 


Cumulative 
Enrollment 

FOB 


Expenditures^ for 


Salaries, Supplies, Operation 
and Maintenance for 


Equipment 


Total 


Pre- 
Employ- 

ment 
Courses 


Sup- 
plement- 
ary 
Courses 


Food 
Produc- 
tion 
Courses 


Vocational 
Educational 
Defense 
Training 


Food 
Production 
Training 


Total Counties: 

1941t 

1942t 

1943 

1944 

1945 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 


2,813 
7,110 
5,513 
1,372 
2,164 

354 
324 
170 


7,254 
15,654 
8,130 
7,091 
4,483 

202 
237 
2,093 


2,587 
5,109 
5,605 
13,746 
11,158 

1,276 
670 
305 
136 
471 
491 


$133,501.73 
313,776.44 
347,501.23 
173,140.28 
90,372.56 

12,793.34 
16,552.85 
17,898.94 


$68,613.60 
96,617.40 
116,691.34 
102,053.01 
96,392.18 

10,278.83 
7,317.16 
3,793.54 
1,502.34 
3,513.38 
4,835.86 


$34,606.84 
129,187.73 
115,942.28 
4,375.45 
13,385.53 

1,230.76 
1,113.54 


*$255,355.99 
*544,067.65 
580,134.85 
279,568.74 
200,150.27 

24,302.93 
24,983.55 
21,692.48 
1,766.24 
3,975.67 
6,526.48 


Calvert „ 


263.90 
462.29 
1,016.04 


Caroline 








Carroll 

Cecil 


76 


12 


674.58 


Charles _ 

Dorchester 




21 


629 
311 
1,077 
1,520 
344 
169 
730 
1,321 
111 


96.00 


7,323.82 
2,547.64 
11,822.21 
6,328.77 
5,704.49 
3,149.25 
6,137.66 
5,041.22 
1,064.27 


1,060.68 
749.00 
1,322.05 
1,003.28 
105.93 
960.21 
560.00 
675.58 
446.09 


8,480.50 
3,296.64 

14,801.73 
8,345.61 

17,841.59 
4,109.46 
8,827.33 
9,651.08 

11,958.96 


Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard „ 


177 
255 


80 
601 


1,657.47 
1,013.56 
12,031.17 


Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 


38 
227 
203 


44 
41 
267 


2,129.67 
3,934.28 
10,448.60 


St. Mary's 
















Somerset 






424 
278 
790 
29 
76 




2,141.70 

10,059.00 
237.28 
1,021.21 


464.36 
465.93 
1,241.00 


2,606.06 
3,038.48 
22,442.10 
237.28 
1,266.10 

273,281.29 
19,252.10 

2,296.00 

494,979,66 
797,672.07 
1,371,177.59 
*1,008,287.48 
*512,151.23 

*$4,184,268.03 


Talbot.. . 








Washington 

Wicomico 


340 


885 


11,142.10 


Worcester „ 

Baltimore City 








244.89 


3,484 


17,037 

61 

21,581 
24,103 
20,235 
27,705 
15,669 

109,293 


273,281.29 
10,820.98 

2,296.00 

376,770.83 
638,621.68 
1,012,696.78 
714,494.97 
335,855.65 

$3,078,439.91 


State Office 

Training Within 
Indu.«»try Course? 

Total State: 

1945 

1944.._ 

1943 „ 

1942t - 

1941t 

Cumulative Totals 

1941-1945 


11,158 
13,746 
5,605 
5,109 
2,587 

38,205 


5,647.87 


2,783.25 


5,648 
6,248 
20,982 
20,772 
8,236 

61,886 


102,040.05 
111,569.28 
130,605.06 
103,151.20 
79,522.63 

$526,888.22 


16,168.78 
47,481.11 
227,875.75 
184,978.06 
75,143.14 

$551,646.84 



t Excludes enrollment in National Youth Administration program of 1,353 in 1941 and 517 in 1942, in the coun- 
ties, and 93 in 1941 and 181 in 1942 in Baltimore City. 

* Includes expenditure for National Youth Administration program of $18,633.82 in 1941 and $4,486.08 in 1942 
in the counties, and $2,995.99 in 1941 and $1,177.17 in 1942 in Baltimore City and State Office. 

J Includes payments made after July 1, for obligations incurred before July 1. 



Vocational Rehabilitation Service. The training of blind men and 
women in machine shops and small parts assembly resulted in a 
number of successful placements. 

Training for Returned Servicemen 

Servicemen referred by the Veterans' Administration who de- 
sired vocational training for a definite trade .were given a choice of a 
wide field depending upon their previous education, pre-war, and 
war experiences. 



\ 



106 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 21 

Total School Current Expenses and Total State Aid in 23 Counties and 
Baltimore City*, 1920 to 1945 



of Dollars 



























{" 
























1 


■ 
























/ 

/ 
/ 

. / 










7^ 


A 




\ 

\ 










V 




/ 
/ 
/ 

t 


























1 

1 
1 
1 

t 


/ 






























ftia - ^ 




























0»« CiT 


y 












t 

1 

J 

















1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 

* Includes expenditures from city funds for training teachers in City training schooUs), but 
excludes amounts appropriated by City and State for the Retirement Fu^ for t^chera. 

For 1945 data, see Tables 84 and 85, pages 107 and 108 and Tables XI and XIII, pagea 239 and 

241. 



Source of Funds for Current Expenses, Capital Outlay by Year 107 



TABLE 84 

School Current Expenses from State, Federal, and Local Funds and Capital 
Outlay by Boards of Education in the Counties and Baltimore City, 1920-1945 





Current Expense Disbursements 




Year 










Capital 


Ending 




From State 


From Federal 


From Local 


Outlay 


July 31 


Total 


Funds 


Funds 


Funds 





Total Counties 



1920 
1922 
1925 
1927 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1933 
1935 
1937 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945 



$3,703,153 
5,291,124 
6,743,015 
7,517,729 
8,164,657 
8,456,414 
8,852,073 
8,485,146 
8,189,909 
9,082,523 
10,216,150 
10,752,978 
Jll,108,701 
$11,687,272 
$12,185,970 
$14,164,717 
$15,038,389 



$1,181,156 
1,527,627 
2,130,518 
2,291,235 
xa2,279,589 

x2,299,380 
2,323,767 
2,531,668 
3,665,763 
3,583,329 
4,300,033 
4,415,744 
4,406,610 
4,828,593 
4,830,993 
6,376,332 
6,240,694 



$5,037 
t33,853 
t43,252 
t48,965 
t54,425 
t69,779 
t78,755 
t78,343 
t75,727 
t92,553 
tl66,016 
tl66,215 
$tl67,417 
$tl85,069 
$tl88,549 
$tl83,768 
$t214,274 



$2,516,960 
3,729,644 
4,569,245 
5,177,529 
5,830,643 
6,087,255 
6,449,551 
5,875,135 
4,448,419 
5,406,641 
5,750,101 
6,171,019 
6,534,674 
6,673,610 
7,166,428 
7,604,617 
8,583,421 



$485,601 
1,121,554 
2,527,823 
1,023,362 
1,773,070 
2,450,144 
2,172,088 
688,497 
1,590,879 
2,531,071 
2,845,537 
2,773,778 
1,116,817 
1,483,259 
816,813 
423,538 
708,839 



*=Baltimore City 



1920. 
1922. 
1925. 
1927. 
1929. 
1930. 
1931. 
1933. 
1935. 
1937. 
1939. 
1940. 
1941. 
1942. 
1943. 
1944. 
1945. 

1920. 
1922 
1925 
1927 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1933 
1935 
1937 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945 



$3,706,642 
6,594,168 
7,237,993 
7,878,719 
8,767,395 
9,193,068 
9,666,385 
8,388,125 
8,502,074 
9,031,032 
9,747,952 
9,845,208 
$10,238,979 
$10,301,657 
$9,741,713 
$11,012,413 
$11,398,134 



$706,758 
1,015,034 
1,024,179 
1,066,385 
.xl,017,153 
x976,083 
932,251 
1,072,738 
954,383 
943,073 
950,005 
953,033 
937,901 
930,151 
921,520 
1,662,672 
1,342.119 



$6,529 
11,939 
18,301 
20,112 
20,338 
18,980 
13,773 
10,663 
25,913 
22,536 
55,923 
56,690 
$57,256 
$55,978 
164,354 
$45,953 
$75,627 



$2,993,355 
5,567,195 
6,195,513 
6,792,222 
7,729,904 
8,198,005 
8,720,361 
7,304,724 
7,521,778 
8,065,423 
8,742,024 
8,835,485 
9,243,822 
9,315,528 
8,755,839 
9,303,788 
9,980,388 



$60,741 
1,417,569 
3,224,734 
4,200,038 
633,632 
1,508,678 
3,658,046 
1,268,159 
642,191 
1,156,748 
30,785 
13,032 
145,492 
238,119 
17,989 
8,721 
113,214 



*Entire State 



$7,409,795 
11,885,292 
13,981,008 
15,396,448 
16,932,052 
17,649,482 
18,518,458 
16,873,271 
16,691,983 
18,113,555 
19,964,102 
20,598,186 
$21,347,680 
$21,988,929 
$21,927,683 
$25,177,130 
$26,436,523 



$1,887,914 
2,542,661 
3,154,697 
3,357,620 
x3,296,742 
x3,275,463 
3,256,018 
3,604,406 
4,620,146 
4,526,402 
5,250,038 
5,368,777 
5,344,511 
5,758,744 
5,752,513 
8,039,004 
7,582,813 



$11,566 
45,792 
61,553 
69,077 
74,763 
88,759 
92,528 
89,006 
101,640 
115,089 
221,939 
222,905 
$224,673 
$241,047 
$252,903 
$229,721 
$289,901 



$5,510,315 
9,296,839 
10,764,758 
11,969,751 
13,560,547 
14,285,260 
15,169,912 
13,179,859 
11,970,197 
13,472,064 
14,492,125 
15,006,504 
15,778,496 
15,989,138 
15,922,267 
16,908,405 
18,563,809 



$546,342 
2,539,123 
5,752,557 
5,233,400 
2,406,^02 
3,958,822 
5,830,134 
1,956,656 
2,233,070 
3,687,819 
2,876,322 
2,786,810 
1,262,309 
1,721,378 
834,802 
432,259 
817,053 



* Includes expenditures from City funds for training of teachers in City training school (s), but 
excludes amounts appropriated by City and State for the Retirement Fund. 

t Includes amounts received from the Federal Government toward salaries and expenses at 
Indian Head, also, Frank Knox School in St. Mary's, beginning 1945. 

x Excludes receipts from liquidation of Free School Fund. 

a Excludes $6,500 to be used by Charles County for school building purposes. 
$ Excludes expenditures for Vocational Training for War Production Workers, see Table 83, 
page 105. 



108 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 85 



Percent of Current Expense Disbursements Received by County Boards of 
Education from State* and Federal* Funds for Year Ending June 30, 1945 







Amount Received for Current 
Expenses from 


Percent of Current Expense 
Disbursements Received from 




Total 








.5 c 


c 
_o 












-a 




X^isburse* 
























l^riTTVTV 








County 


^ ^ 




.2 




< 












for 




Fed- 


Levy and 


^ c 


3 










IS 








V./ Ill I trii L 


State 


eral 


Other 




3 




-i-> 








J o 




Expenses*!" 


Aid*t 


Aid*! 


County 




cr 




CS 




< 








/■ 






Sourcest 


tate I 
Equal 


tate I 
Fund 


Otal S 




edera 




3'5 










cc 




w 




Eh 








o 






$6,240,694 


$214,274 


$8,583,421 


27 


8 


13 


7 


41 


6 


1 


4 


57.1 


St. Mary's 


259,502 


158,160 


a47,514 


53,828 


29 


4 


31 


6 


61 





18 


3 


20.7 


Charles 


345,793 


218,064 


o46,951 


80,778 


28 


9 


34 


2 


63 


1 


13 


6 


23.3 


Somerset 


277,067 


199,725 


1,593 


75,749 


35 





37 


1 


72 


1 


6 


27.3 


Calvert 


189,315 


134,933 


2,555 


51,827 


28 


8 


42 


5 


71 


3 


1 


3 


27.4 


Garrett 


429,312 


302,346 


4,741 


122,225 


26 


9 


43 


5 


70 


4 


1 


1 


28.5 


Caroline 


266,319 


172,636 


3,720 


89,963 


33 


8 


31 





64 


8 


1 


4 


33.8 


Dorchester 


377,053 


225,308 


2,585 


149,160 


31 


7 


28 





59 


7 


7 


39.6 


Worcester 


295,773 


165,767 


1,622 


128,384 


31 


3 


24 


7 


56 







6 


43.4 


Carroll 


592,651 


326,576 


3,474 


262,601 


29 


5 


25 


6 


56 


1 




6 


44.3 


Howard _. 


302,868 


159,281 


3,513 


140,074 


29 


2 


23 


4 


52 


6 


1 


2 


46.2 


Queen Anne's .. 


237,462 


122,791 


3,354 


111,317 


31 


6 


20 


1 


51 


7 


1 


4 


46.9 


Wicomico 


455,826 


236,396 


1,355 


218,075 


31 





20 


9 


51 


9 




3 


47.8 


Anne Arundel 


1,064,054 


535,427 


6,026 


522,601 


25 


2 


25 


1 


50 


3 




6 


49.1 


Kent 


219,566 


109,920 


1,696 


107,950 


31 


6 


18 


4 


50 







8 


49.2 


Talbot 


257,441 


122,921 


3,197 


131,323 


32 


8 


15 





47 


8 


1 


2 


51.0 


Frederick.... 


734,358 


318,796 


5,611 


409,951 


30 


8 


12 


6 


43 


4 




8 


55.8 


Allegany 


1,353,715 


546,939 


8,609 


798,167 


25 


8 


14 


6 


40 


4 




6 


69.0 


Pr. George's .... 


1,630,175 


• 610,468 


6,650 


1,013,057 


26 


9 


10 


6 


37 


5 




4 


62.1 


Washington 


1,061,527 


338,875 


11,002 


711,650 


27 


2 


4 


7 


31 


9 


1 





67.1 


Cecil 


400,256 


129,657 


1,324 


269,275 


32 


4 






32 


4 




3 


67.3 


Harford 


569,166 


167,902 


15,449 


385,815 


29 


5 






29 


5 


2 


7 


67.8 


Baltimore 


1,956,468 


568,998 


7,934 


1,379,536 


29 


1 






29 


1 




4 


70.5 


Montgomery.... 


1,762,722 


368,808 


23,799 


1,370,115 


20 


9 






20 


9 


1 


4 


77.7 


Balto. City 


bll,367,013 


bl,342,119 


$75,627 


b9,949,267 


11 


8 






11 


8 




7 


87.5 


Total State ... 


$26,405,402 


$7,582,813 


289,901 


$18,532,688 


20 


9 


7 


8 


28 


7 


1 


1 


70.2 



* Includes State and Federal aid for 1944-45, received after June 30, 1945, but excludes Federal 
aid for Vocational Training for War Production Workers shown on page 105. 

t Excludes estimated State, Federal and County funds for public school health services expended 
by County and City health offices for which see Table 139, page 218 

o Includes $43,810.59 expended by Federal government toward salaries and expenses at Indian 
Head. 

a Includes $45,619.86 expended by Federal government toward salaries and expenses at Frank 
Knox. 

b Excludes $990,972.00 for teachers in Baltimore City Retirement System of which $639,615.00 
came from State Funds and $351,357.00 from local funds; and $31,121.19 for Coppin Teachers College, 
toward which there was no State aid. 



For detailed data see Tables XI-XIII, pages 239 to 241. 



Source of Funds for Current Expenses, 1944-45 



109 



CHART 22 



County 



PERCENT OF CURRENT EXPENDITUR ES FOR YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1945 

,1^1 State, Excluding Equalization Fund 
I I Equalization Fund 
W& Federal Aid 

County Levy and Other County Sourceei 



Received from 



Total 

St. Mary»s 

Charles 

Somerset 

Calvert 

Garrett 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Worcester 

Carroll 

Howard 

Queen Anne's 

Wicomico 

Anne Arundel 

Kent 

Talbot 

Frederick 

Allegany 

Prince George' i 

Washington 

Cecil 

Harford 

Baltimore 

Montgoraery 

Baltimore City 
Total State 





For basic data, see Table 85 and Tables XI-XIII, pages 239 to 241. 



110 1945 Report of Maryland State Department ef Education 



CHART 23 

How Tax Dollar for School Current Expenses was Used in 1944-45 in the 

Maryland Counties 



INCLDDING TRANSPOBTATION 




XXGLODING TBAN&POETATION 




* Fixed charges and payments to adjoining counties. 

X Auxiliary agencies exclude estimated expenditures by health offices in counties for services 
rendered to school children. The upper circle includes cost of transportation with auxiliary agencies 
(12.3cts.), while the lowercircleexcludescostof transportation from auxiliary agencies (.9cts.). Expend- 
itures from Federal funds for Vocational Training for War Production Workers are excluded. 

For basic data, see Tables XIII, XV and XVI, pages 241, 243 and 244. 



Percent Distribution of School Expenditures 



111 



TABLE 86— Percent Distribution of School Expenditures by County School 
Boards for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 



Percent of Total Current Expense Funds Used for 







u 

0) 


"o 




JS 






CS 


c 

o 


c 




O 


OlSI. 


"o 

<a 


t-i 
<D 


?• 


.Si 


C 


0) 

a 






3 


— 


O 







c 

§.2 

05 0) ^ 

P5 



fc- tn O 



T3 a) -3 ca 
0) X 3 

Oh 



Including Cost of Transportation* 



County Average... 

« 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's ... 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City 

State Average 



2 


6 


1 


6 


67 


6 


3 


2 


8 


4 


3 


5 


12 


3 




8 


4.5 


2 





1 


4 


67 


2 


4 





10 


3 


4 


6 


9 


6 




9 




3 


1 


1 


6 


67 


6 


3 


9 


7 


7 


3 





12 




1 





14.0 


2 





1 


2 


72 


3 


3 





8 


4 


2 


2 


10 


3 




6 


4.6 


4 


5 


2 


7 


57 


1 


2 


1 


7 


1 


3 


1 


22 


4 


1 





1.4 


4 


2 


1 


5 


64 


7 


2 





6 


4 


1 


6 


18 


7 




9 


.1 


2 


4 


1 


9 


65 


2 


2 


9 


6 


5 


3 





17 





1 


1 


1.5 


2 


9 


2 





67 


3 


3 


7 


8 


4 


1 


9 


13 


1 




7 


1.0 


2 


8 


1 


6 


58 


2 


3 


2 


10 


9 


2 


7 


19 


8 




8 


11.8 


3 


2 


1 


4 


61 


5 


2 


2 


8 


7 


3 


8 


18 


3 




9 


.6 


2 


3 


1 


1 


66 


6 


3 


2 


7 


3 


2 





16 


4 


1 


1 


1.4 


3 


6 




4 


59 


8 


2 


6 


4 


5 


2 


3 


20 


8. 


5 





.8 


2 


4 


1 


7 


72 





2 


5 


8 


2 


4 


7 


7 


6 




9 


2.9 


3 


2 


1 


4 


64 


8 


2 


7 


7 


4 


2 





17 


8 




7 


.8 


4 





1 


5 


63 


8 


2 


5 


6 


8 


5 





15 


9 




5 


1.2 


2 


5 


1 


8 


68 


8 


3 


7 


9 


6 


4 


4 


8 


6 




6 


12.9 


1 


7 


1 


6 


69 


6 


3 


5 


9 


4 


6 


4 


7 


3 




5 


2.6 


4 


2 


2 





62 


5 


1 


8 


7 


3 


2 


5 


18 


5 


1 


2 




4 





2 


1 


55 


6 


3 


2 


11 


3 


3 


4 


20 


1 




3 


"7i 


3 


5 


2 





64 


2 


3 





6 


9 


2 





17 


7 




7 


1.4 


3 


9 


1 


8 


65 


7 


2 


8 


7 





1 


7 


16 


3 




8 




2 


2 


2 





75 


1 


2 


7 


7 





3 


1 


7 


4 




5 


1.5 


3 


5 


1 


1 


63 


4 


2 


7 


8 


9 


4 


4 


15 


5 








2 


7 


1 


3 


62 





2 


3 


8 





3 


1 


19 


9 




? 




3 


1 


1 


7 


74 


8 


3 


5 


11 


4 


3 


1 


2 


2 


t 


2 


1.0 


2 


8 


1 


6 


70 


7 


3 


3 


9 


7 


3 


4 


7 


9 




6 


3.0 



Excluding Cost of Transportation* 



County Average 

Allegany 

Anne Arund^.... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City.. 

State Average.... 



2.9 



1.8 

1.5 
1.8 
1.3 
3.4 
1.8 
2.2 
2.3 
2.0 
1.8 
1.3 
1.8 
1.9 
1.7 
1.8 
2.0 
1.7 
2.4 
2.6 
2.4 
2.1 
2.2 
1.3 
1.7 

1.7 

1.7 



76.3 

73.1 
76.2 
80.1 
73.6 
79.4 
78.0 
77.0 
72.3 
75.0 
79.4 
74.5 
77.5 
78.4 
75.6 
74.2 
73.8 
76.6 
69.2 
77.7 
77.9 
81.0 
74.4 
77.1 

75.1 

75.8 



4.3 
4.4 
3.4 
2.7 
2.4 
3.5 
4.2 
4.0 
2.7 
3.8 
3.3 
2.7 
3.3 
2.9 
4.0 



2.9 
3.2 
2.9 

3.5 

3.6 



9.5 

11.2 
8.7 
9.3 
9.1 
7.9 
7.8 
9.6 

13.5 

10.7 
8.8 
5.6 
8.8 
9.0 
8.0 

10.4 

10.0 
8.9 

14.1 
8.3 
8.3 
7.5 

10.4 
9.9 

11.5 

10.4 



4.0 

5.0 
3.4 
2.5 
4.0 
2.0 
3.6 
2.2 
3.4 
4.6 
2.4 
2.8 
5.0 
2.4 
6.0 
4.7 
6.8 
3.0 
4.3 
2.4 
2.0 
3.3 
5.1 



3.1 

3.6 



.9 
1.8 



.1 
.3 
.7 
.5 
.4 
.2 
.2 
1.3 
.5 
.4 
.4 
1.3 
1.6 
.2 
.5 
.4 
.7 
.2 



1.3 



1.0 



1.1 
.6 
1.3 
1.1 
1.3 



1.1 
1.3 
6.2 
1.0 
.9 
.6 
.7 
.5 
1.5 
.3 
.9 
1.0 



t.2 



6.0 



15.5 
5.1 
1.8 
.1 
1.8 
1.1 

14.3 
.7 
1.7 
1.0 
3.1 
.9 
1.5 

13.8 
2.8 

".2 
1.6 

i'".6 
2.6 



1.0 
3.2 



* Au.xiliary agencies exclude estimated expenditures by health offices in counties and Balti- 
more City for services rendered to school children. For these costs see Table 139, page 218. The upper 
table includes cost of transportation in auxiliary agencies and the lower table excludes cost of trans- 
portation. Expenditures from Federal funds for Vocational Training for War Production are excluded. 

t Baltimore City expenditures for the Retirement System are excluded. 



112 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 87 

Cost Per Pupil Belonging for General Control 



County 



County Average 

St. Mary's 

Queen Anne's-- 

Kent 

Caroline 

Calvert 

Garrett 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Howard 

Dorchester 

Montgomery 



1942 



$1.90 

4.02 
3.51 
3.56 
3.10 
3.87 
3.03 
3.12 
2.36 
2.40 
2.28 
2.24 
1.66 



1944 



$2.21 

4.29 
4.19 
4.02 
3.49 
4.02 
3.37 
3.41 
2.74 
2.92 
2.78 
2.67 
2.44 



1945 



$2.27 



County 



Anne Arundel 

Cecil 

Charles 

Carroll 

Worcester 

Harford 

Frederick. 

Allegany 

Washington 

Prince George's 
Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Total State 



1942 


1944 


1945 


$1.98 


$2.77 


$2.53 


1.98 


2.22 


2.46 


1.99 


2.28 


2.45 


2.02 


2.30 


2.35 


2.31 


2.70 


2.31 


1.63 


2.02 


2.02 


1.81 


1.89 


1.94 


1.48 


1.81 


1.92 


1.30 


*1.79 


1.85 


1.47 


1.57 


1.41 


1.41 


1.33 


1.41 


3.14 


3.04 


3.32 


$2.38 


$2.53 


$2.67 



For basic data, see Table XIV, page 242. 



TABLE 88 



Average Current Expense Costf Per County White and Colored Elementary and 
High School Pupil Belonging, 1923-1945 





Elementary 








Elementary 






Year 


Schools 


High Schools 


Year 


Schools 


High Schools 


















White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


1923 


$39.84 


$17.08 


$91.12 


$77.38 


1935... 


$45.16 


$24.19 


$77.58 


$46.10 


1924 


43.06 


19.33 


96.44 


73.66 


1936... 


47.90 


25.64 


80.48 


51.62 


1925 


43.66 


19.98 


95.16 


58.71 


1937.... 


49.72 


26.86 


82.47 


51.57 


1926 


46.02 


21.29 


97.20 


59.67 


1938... 


53.41 


30.10 


90.87 


58.54 


1927 


47.26 


22.41 


98.43 


57.37 


1939... 


53.50 


32.91 


89.94 


65.68 


1928 


47.81 


22.97 


95.82 


52.13 


1940... 


56.07 


35.77 


91.45 


64.32 


1929 


49.49 


24.31 


96.00 


49.13 


1941.... 


56.95 


38.69 


93.49 


68.45 


1930 


49.78 


25.02 


97.60 


45.86 


1942.... 


58.75 


43.40 


97.86 


78.57 


1931 


50.17 


25.09 


98.54 


47.31 


1943.._ 


60.70 


48.34 


102.57 


84.23 


1932 


49.27 


24.97 


94.78 


48.58 


1944.... 


*71.16 


*58.43 


*118.20 


*100.45 


1933 


46.82 


24.12 


82.35 


44.34 


1945.... 


*74 . 83 


*60.23 


n23.04 


*105.18 


1934 


44.36 


22.58 


76.21 


44.80 













t Excluding genera^ control and fixed charges. 
* Includes State and County bonus. 

For basic data for 1945, see Tables XVIII, XIX, XXI and XXII, pages 246, 247, 250 and 251. 



Cost per Pupil Beloxging for General Control and for Current 
Expenses by Type of School 



113 



;2 i ; M 



5| 



i- 



if 



If 



i i i' 



1 



irwiifiiir^iifffiiifwr 



I 



tl 



Wi¥SII¥5I?Ilf?ll2S£lIlIi~i-II^ 



# 



1 



1^ g^SSg^SS^S^S^^g^gSj:^?:^^ 



41- 



WWffMfffflllllffffffW 




114 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 24 



COST PER KKITE ELEMENTAiW SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOE CDERENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 




* Excludes pupils attending elementary school at State teachers college. 

t Data for elementary schools only in Baltimore City. Excludes corresponding figures for junior 
high schools: $132 in 1945, $127 in 1944, and $107 in 1943. 

Coimty average for 1943 includes estimated expenditure of $1.72 per pupil by State and Coimty 
Departments of Health for nine months from October 1, 1942 to June 30, 1943. See Table 139, page 
218 for 1945 health expenditures which are not included in above data for 1944 or 1945. 

For basic data by county, see Table XVIII, page 246. 



Cost per White Elementary School Pupil Belonging 115 



TABLE 90 



Cost Per Pupil in White Elementary Schools, Grades 1-7 (8), for the Main Sub- 
dlTisions of Expenditures, Exclusive of General Control and Fixed 
Charges for the Year Ending June 30, 1945 



_ 

t/OUNTY 


Super- 
vision 


Salaries 


Text- 
books 
and 
Other 
Costs of 

In- 
struction 


Opera- 
tion 


Main- 
tenance 


Auxiliary 
Agen- 
cies* 


Total 
Current 

Ex- 
penses 


VI ■■■■■icn 

uapital 
Outlay 


County Average: 




























1944 


$1 


39 


$49.47 


$2 


03 


$6.32 


$2 


76 


$9 


19 


$71 


16 


$2.96 


1945 _„ 


1 


47 


51.67 


1 


98 


7.06 


2 


79 


9 


86 


74 


83 


3.74 


Allegany _ 


1 


.18 


56.54 


2 


69 


8.80 


3 


82 


8 


16 


81 

69 


19 




Anne Arundel 


1 


62 


46.20 


2 


60 


6.08 


2 


41 


10 


17 


08 


17.88 


Baltimore „ 




.70 


43.60 


1 


32 


5.66 


1 


50 


6 


.82 


59 


60 


2.90 


Calvert 


4 


00 


50.24 


1 


13 


10.69 


3 


04 


30 


26 


99 


36 


.82 


Caroline 


2 


24 


48.06 


1 


22 


5.22 




93 


16 


90 


74 


57 




Carroll 


' 1 


.45 


49.01 


1 


97 


5.29 


2 


21 


tl5 


23 


75 


16 


1.32 


Cecil 


2 


.12 


47.71 


2 


06 


5.26 


1 


75 


9 


50 


68 


40 


1.13 


Charles 


1 


76 


x45.46 


2 


51 


X12.44 


x2 


55 


18 


97 


x83 


69 


.55 


Dorchester ..„ _ 


tl 


.56 


51.53 


1 


41 


8.47 


2 


38 


14 


83 


80 


18 


.51 




1 


08 


47.34 


1 


40 


5.52 


1 


19 


12 


85 


69 


38 


.63 


Garrett- 


1 


.92 


53.35 


2 


00 


4.07 


2 


35 


17 


95 


81 


64 


.01 


Harford 


1 


54 


51.34 


1 


15 


6.02 


3 


30 


8 


78 


72 


13 


.79 


Howard 


1 


63 


46 82 


1 


68 


6 36 


1 


36 


15 


36 


73 


11 


11 


Kent 


2 


67 


61.12 


1 


59 


8.17 


4 


37 


15 


59 


93 


51 


.90 


Montgomery ,.. 


1 


87 


68.11 


3 


16 


10.45 


4 


37 


7 


56 


95 


52 


16.91 


Prince George's- 


1 


40 


48.97 


1 


80 


7.30 


4 


26 


o6 


01 


69 


74 


.61 


Queen Anne's 


2 


87 


56.36 


1 


43 


6.58 


2 


40 


19 


72 


89 


36 




St. Mary's 


3 


16 


X63.84 


4 


65 


X20.64 


x6 


06 


23 


15 


xl21 


50 


.34 


Somerset 


2 


66 


49.97 


2 


64 


5.72 


1 


45 


13 


58 


76 


02 




Talbot 


2 


29 


52.79 


1 


54 


7.52 


1 


31 


15 


85 


81 


30 
58 




Washington 


1 


55 


56.62 


' 1 


83 


5.21 


2 


60 


5 


77 


73 


.46 


Wicomico 


1 


09 


49.21 


1 


72 


8.63 


3 


63 


13 


54 


77 


82 


1.76 


Worcester 


1 


96 


50.29 


1 


66 


7.12 


3 


04 


18 


47 


82 


54 


.02 


BaJtimore City 




























Illementary 


1 


88 


65.20 


2. 


63 


11.23 


3 


17 


1 


04 


85 


15 


.22 


State Average 


$1 


59 


$55.74 


$2. 


18 


$8.31 


$2 


91 


$7 


21 


$77 


94 


$2.66 



* Excludes estimated expenditures by State and county health departments on services to school 
children for which see Table 139, page 218. 

X Includes 36 cents for payment by Federal County for per pupil cost of transporting 35 pupils 
to an elementary school in Carroll County. 

o Includes 19 cents for payment by Anne Arundel County for per pupil cost of transporting 91 
pupils to an elementary school in Prince George's County. 

X Includes expenditures by Federal government at Indian Head in Charles County and Frank 
Knox in St. Mary's County. 

For basic data, see Table XVIII, page 246. 



116 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 25 



County 
County Average 



COST PER WHITE HIGH SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 



1945 




Baltimore Cltyt 
State Average 



t Data for senior high schools only. Excludes corresponding figures for junior high schools: 
$132 in 1945, $127 in 1944, and $107 in 1943; and for vocational schools: $245 in 1945, $229 in 1944, 
and $191 in 1943. * 

For basic data by county, see Table XIX, page 247. 



Cost per White High School Pupil Belonging 



117 



TABLE 91 



Cost Per Pupil in Last Four Years of White High Schools for the Main Sub- 
divisions of Expenditures, Exclusive of General Control and Fixed Charges, 
for Year Ending June 30, 1945 















Textbooks 


































and Other 














Total 






County 


Supervision 


Salaries 


Costs of 


Operation 


Main- 


Auxil 


iary 


Current 


Capital 















Instruction 






tenance 


Agencies 


Expenses 


Outlay 


County Average: 





































1944 


$ 




86 


$86 


81 


$ 5 


61 


$ 9 


52 


$ 3 


91 


$11 


49 


$118 


20 


$ 1 


72 


1945 




1 


24 


88 


42 


5 


55 


10 


19 


4 


98 


12 


68 


123 


04 


3 


95 


Allegany 




1 


93 


84 


83 


7 


12 


12 


62 


4 


55 


8 


08 


119 


13 






Anne Arundel 




67 


79 


46 


6 


24 


8 


53 


4 


17 


14 


93 


114 


00 


17 


35 


Baltimore 




1 


35 


73 


46 


4 


33 


6 


58 


2 


02 


8 


77 


96 


51 


6 


15 


\yal V cl L 








84 


43 


5 


46 


9 


64 


9 


73 


33 


23 


142 


49 


7 


92 


Caroline 








101 
98 


06 
88 


3 


51 


9 


96 


2 


59 
68- 


17 


40 


134 


52 




35 


Carroll.... 




2 


88 


4 


91 


8 


80 


4 


*19 


80 


139 


95 


2 


16 


Cecil... 








82 


09 


6 


04 


12 


45 


1 


55 


11 


85 


113 


98 




37 


Charles.. 






55 


x97 


92 


4 


45 


xl9 


73 


x4 


46 


29 


52 


xl56 


63 


2 


85 


Dorchester.. 








83 


65 


4 


33 


12 


74 


7 


78 


19 


29 


127 


79 




03 


Frederick 






14 


77 


47 


5 


82 


7 


88 


2 


85 


tl4 


02 


108 


18 


2 


88 


Garrett... 








88 


88 


4 


95 


6 


66 


2 


57 


31 


73 
99 


134 


79 


3 


80 


Harford.. 




1 


37 


90 


90 


5 


15 


11 


36 


6 


87 


116 


64 


3 


68 


Howard.... . 








98 


43 


5 


66 


11 


95 


2 


80 


21 


54 


140 


38 


3 


09 


Kent.-.. 








110 


23 


5 


19 


9 


40 


14 


14 


19 
6 


10 


158 


06 






Montgomery 




3 


04 


121 


17 


9 


00 


14 


73 


8 


74 


44 


163 


12 


2 


98 


Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 




1 


42 


85 


71 


6 


61 


10 


47 


10 


48 


o6 


66 


121 


35 


4 


38 








107 


64 


3 


46 


15 


43 


3 


34 


20 


93 


150 


80 






St. Mary's 








91 
98 


42 


4 


89 


14 


32 


4 


89 


43 


61 


159 


13 




Somerset 








33 


3 


63 


12 


07 


3 


28 


32 


12 


149 


43 


4 


69 


Talbot. 








93 


82 


5 


45 


ooooi 


88 


2 


63 


17 


31 


128 


09 




10 


Washington. 




2 


76 


95 


22 


4 


31 


93 


2 


92 


7 


53 


121 


67 


1 


26 


Wicomico 








83 


78 


3 


91 


10 


98 


6 


37 


16 


06 


121 


10 


2 


31 


Worcester 








91 


92 


2 


64 


11 


68 


5 


42 


27 


26 


138 


92 






Baltimore City 




2 


.07 


121 


26 


6 


40 


17 


99 


4 


05 


2 


14 


153 


91 


2 


05 


Junior High 




2 


.46 


103 


54 


5 


38 


15 


23 


3 


40 


1 


51 


131 


52 


2 


89 


Senior High 

Vocational.r. 




1 


.18 


138 


.28 


7 


10 


20 


08 


4 


28 


2 


85 


173 


77 




19 




4 


.39 


184 


.33 


11 


95 


31 


87 


9 


16 


3 


61 


245 


31 


6 


51 


State Average a 


$ 


1 


.23 


$99 


.42 


$ 5 


89 


$12 


38 


$ 4 


82 


$10 


51 


$134 


.25 


$ 3 


00 



* Includes 12 cents for payment by Frederick County for per pupil cost of transporting 6 pupils to a 
Carroll County high school. 

X Includes expenditures by Federal government at Indian Head. 

t Includes 44 cents for payment by Washington County for transporting 28 pupils to a Frederick County 
high school. 

o Includes 8 cents for payment by Anne Arundel County for transporting 17 pupils to a Prince George's 
County high school. 

a State averages include only senior high schools of Baltimore City. 
For basic data, see Table XIX, page 247. 



118 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 26 



COOT PER COLORED ELEMENTAET SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLDDING GENERAL CONTROL 




Baltimore Cityt 
State Average 



* Excludes pupils attending elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 

t Data for elementary schools only. Excludes corresponding figures for junior high schools: 
$106 in 1945, $107 in 1944, and $90 in 1943. 

County average for 1943 includes estimated expenditures of $1.72 per pupil by State and County 
Departments of Health for nine months from October 1, 1942 to June 30, 1943. 

See Table 139, page 218 for 1945 health expenditures, which are not included in above data for 
1944 or 1945. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXI, page 250. 



Cost per Colored Elementary School Pupil Belonging 



119 



TABLE 92 



Cost Per Pupil in Colored Elementary Schools^ Grades 1-7 (8) 
for the Main Sub-divisions of Expenditures, Exclusive of General Control 
and Fixed Charges, for the Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Supervision 


Salaries 


Textbooks 
and Other 
Costs of 
Instruction 


Operation 


Main- 
tenance 


Auxiliary 
Agencies* 


Total 
Current 
Expenses 


$ 1.44 


$43 


00 


$ 1 


65 


$ 3 


79 


$ 1 


86 


$ 6 .69 


$58.43 


1 


43 


44 


23 


1 


56 


3 


91 


1 


70 


7.40 


60 .23 






61 


33 


2 


22 


11 


30 


20 


54 


1.08 


96.47 


1 


20 


49 


92 


1 


70 


4 


37 


1 


26 


1 02 


59 47 




60 


41 


36 


1 


16 


4 


81 




76 


4.66 


53.35 


2 


00 


36 


98 


1 


03 


1 


26 




67 


4.18 


46.12 


1 


13 


40 


67 




66 


3 


09 


1 


46 


16.62 


63.63 


1 


00 


54 


18 


2 


64 


5 


22 


2 


47 


12.97 


78.48 


4 


21 


43 


04 


1 


39 


4 


92 




47 


14.28 


68.31 


1 


61 


35 


51 


2 


13 


2 


20 


1 


24 


7.52 


50.21 


2 


16 


35 


40 




83 


3 


38 


1 


79 


12.04 


55.60 


2 


19 


44 


39 


1 


24 


4 


65 


1 


36 


11.90 


65.73 


1 


14 


49 


72 


1 


28 


3 


41 


2 


13 


4.76 


62.44 


1 


29 


45 


32 




81 


1 


60 


2 


18 


9.02 


60.22 




93 


37 


95 


1 


28 


2 


82 




77 


14.77 


58.52 


1 


56 


58 


61 


2 


14 


5 


53 


1 


71 


13.54 


83.09 




80 


45 


62 


1 


79 


4 


98 


2 


76 


2.49 


58.44 


2 


59 


50 


73 


1 


34 


3 


17 


2 


22 


15.40 


75.45 


3 


00 


44 


02 


1 


37 


2 


05 




66 


9.55 


60.65 


1 


73 


38 


51 


2 


12 


2 


74 


1 


33 


9.19 


55.62 


2 


06 


43 


62 


1 


43 


3 


19 


1 


22 


10.51 


62.03 






50 


71 




65 


5 


65 




48 


13.99 


72.48 


2 


13 


42 


73 


1 


89 


3 


71 


2 


87 


9.45 


62.78 


1 


09 


33 


91 


1 


33 


3 


68 




89 


9.12 


50.02 


1 


33 


60 


82 


2 


44 


7 


96 


3 


14 


.88 


76.57 


$ 1.38 


$52 


94 


$ 2 


02 


$ 6 


03 


$ 2 


45 


$ 3.98 


$68.80 



County 



Coiinty Average: 

1944 

1945 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent.... 

Montgomery 

Prince George's... 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City 
Elementary 

State Average 



* Excludes e5timated expenditures by State and county health departments on services to school children for 
which see Table 139, page 218. 

For basic data see Table XXI, page 250. 



120 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 27 



COST PER COLORED HIGH SCHOOL PDPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLODING GENERAL CONTROL 




* Tuition payment of $150 for 25 Baltimore County Pupils attending Baltimore City senior 
high schools in 1943 is included in Baltimore County, Baltimore City and State figures, but is not in- 
cluded in county average. 

t Data for senior high schools only. Excludes corresponding figures for junior high schools: 
$106 in 1945, $107 in 1944 and $90 in 1943; and for vocational schools: $182 in 1945, $233 in 1944, and 
$207 in 1943. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXII, page 251. 



Cost per Colored High School Pupil Belonging 



121 



TABLE 93 

Cost Per Pupil in Last Four Years of Colored High Schools, for the Main Sub- 
divisions of Expenditures, Exclusive of General Control and Fixed Charges, 
for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 



Supervision 







Textbooks 


















and Other 












Total 


Salaries 


Costs of 


Operation 


Main- 


Auxiliary 


Current 






Instruction 


tenance 


Agencies 


Expenses 


$69 


06 


$ 4 


55 


$ 6.77 


$ 2 


50 


$17 


35 


$100.45 


70 


65 


3 


83 


6.82 


2 


82 


20 


69 


105.18 


236 


75 


9 


94 


29.08 


75 


54 


5 


78 


357.09 


71 


48 


3 


47 


7.09 


1 


69 


19 


31 


103.04 


82 


25 


4 


53 


9.07 


1 


62 


7 


66 


105.74 


57 


33 


3 


46 


9.34 


2 


50 


39 


35 


111.98 


72 


25 


3 


15 


6.26 


4 


86 


24 


17 


110.69 


83 


09 


2 


38 


7.47 


2 


36 


28 


08 


123.38 


88 


12 


5 


05 


8.51 


1 


23 


35 


30 


138.21 


68 


15 


3 


56 


7.82 


3 


32 


30 


81 


113.66 


59 


15 


2 


45 


3.87 


2 


87 


20 


11 


88.45 


56 


34 


5 


75 


5.69 


1 


38 


32 


20 


101.36 


71 


83 


2 


09 


5.74 


2 


06 


1 


19 


84.49 


66 


41 


4 


17 


2.71 


2 


15 


20 


51 


98.41 


65 


94 


4 


30 


6.19 


1 


30 


18 


04 


96.68 


59 


37 


4 


65 


7.81 


2 


07 


25 


47 


100.33 


84 


12 


5 


10 


7.95 


4 


76 


22 


56 


126.18 


62 


49 


3 


47 


7.87 


3 


64 


26 


09 


103.56 


80 


28 


4 


70 


4.11 




94 


32 


84 


122.87 


66 


02 


2 


27 


7.54 


1 


71 


14 


77 


92.31 


81 


23 


4 


80 


4.08 


2 


78 


16 


57 


109.46 


122 


94 


4 


62 


6.14 




51 


6 


84 


141.05 


63 


66 


2 


99 


5.72 


1 


12 


16 


45 


89.94 


52 


47 


4 


19 


5.99 


1 


26 


15 


74 


79.65 


104 


51 


5 


98 


14.38 


3 


69 


2 


15 


132.63 


82 


54 


4 


55 


12.13 


3 


03 


1 


43 


105.66 


145 


69 


7 


85 


16.35 


3 


71 


3 


69 


178.88 


133 


33 


10 


48 


24.49 


8 


41 


2 


47 


181.75 


$92 


19 


$ 4 


98 


$ 9.56 


$ 3 


07 


$15 


81 


$126.33 



County Average 

1944 

1945 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel.... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester..... 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's.. 
Queen Anne's .... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City... 
Junior High... 
Senior High.... 
Vocational 

State Average*... 



.22 
.37 



.61 



1.58 
2.46 
.91 
.96 
1.69 



1.92 
1.98 
1.59 
2.57 

.72 



* State averages include only senior high schools of Baltimore City. 
For basic data see Table XXII, page 251. 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



g 
o 



i 

>* 

i 

ii 

e« 

1 

i-t 

I 
I 





i 


1 ■ 


II 








i 




i 


OS 




¥ 






















i-T 


1 






s 

1 




.-T 
























*38,492 

4,167 
2,484 
5,788 
217 
853 
1,835 
1,344 
636 
1,006 
2,507 
1,225 
1,571 
726 
518 
3,020 
3,584 
543 
417 
792 
695 
2,715 
1,273 
802 


j 




*31,786 

3,543 
2,074 
4,580 
250 
779 
1,586 
1,186 
53] 
896 
2,018 
989 
1,411 
582 
534 
1,855 
2,347 
533 
344 
706 
767 
2,394 
1,255 
790 






*24,760 

2,649 
1,142 
2,957 
175 
710 
1,240 
925 
404 
832 
1,932 
767 
1,103 
470 
504 
1,421 
1,680 
477 
212 
712 
691 
2,060 
1,093 
730 






*17,453 

1,892 
660 

1,842 
175 
601 

1,047 
614 
175 
659 

1,465 
527 
837 
335 
342 
848 
925 
418 
113 
581 


511 
1,397 
946 
647 




1 


*9,333 

1,093 
326 
954 

341 
571 
329 

342 
899 
298 
417 
155 
203 
305 
421 
264 

297 
287 
753 
577 
497 


County 


Total..! 

Aljegany 

Anne Arundel.. 

Baltimore......^ 

Caroline 

Carroll.. 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford.... 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's .... 

St. Mary's 
Somerset 


Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



I 

ii 
H 

u 

II 

li 



I 



It 
1 



Growth in 



Enrollment, Number and Salaries of Teachers in County 
High Schools 



-M- CO 



t-oa5'HoaiooocoCT:cO'r-m'#ocx5^CTiooT)<^o 
05 CO 1-H to (M N 05 0^(30 co_oq^in co_x_o 05 O5__^__o_«o_o_ 
00 CO O5*oit> oc'o'c~"'o'co''oo'o't- ^ cc^ oo to m m 
Tfcg ^ cj —I ^ ^ " CO i-H— n-H c^— I 



1940 


^ CO CO ;o lo CO o 05 in o o c~ 05 ^ M CO CO (M 00 
00 t- CO 00 irt to o o 05 lo 1-1 00 CO ^ ^ c- '-^ CO 05 CO 00 t- 
o t>c-mocoooorHcocjooo co_cj lo oo^t> o^oo^^co -^^t-^^ 

to" to"cO •^«0*^^■<t O Oo'oo'iO C<rift ^tO rfto't-^t- — Tt- 

tO— (C3 »-H rt'-H'-l 


1935 


$80,376 

4,983 
8,626 


O t~ CO to to 05 05 : t- U5 00 O 00 CO ^ 00 lO 00 
05 00 t- lO 00 05 : O CO O Tj" ^ CO "5 N o 
•^(NOt^OOOO : C^"^.R,0 'if IN '-i"^'-<_00__ 

<-HU5 c<rc<r-<a*"-^''oo"'co 'eo'"co''ooi'»-3"'^'*c<rt-'"c<r 


1930 


$60,391 

4,589 
8,429 


CO O 00 -"T O 05 00 
05 O t> to o o 

t- t-^o 05__U5 t> CO ; 
N -<"-<''c<fc<reo'" ■ 


2,870 
3,121 
a8,586 
990 


to t>C0O5 o 
050 

to__0!_co^'-<_t-__ 

0000"^ lo c<r 


1925 


$33,587' 

5,914 
4',570 


: o o lo CO rH o 

: CO t- rH Irt 

: rr o to to CO to_ ; 
■ rH ^-Tco* co" ' 


1,342 

a2,070 
870 


1,400 
1,893 

3^077 
1,995 



<05OOOOOTj<Tj.OON05Ot0Ot-00 05! 



t- eO 005 O CO 1-1 O O O O 05 O O O © O O O O tr- m o 
CJ eo N to Tj< N O t~ 10 N t- U5 00 05 00 CO eO 05 



o 00 o ;ooooook«r-i ;c<ioia<ooooo-<s<ooo 

CO e005 ' CO t- CO 00 to CO ' t co CC CO t- l« co o 



1-jco ;o->s<-«s<ootj<ti< ;ia<oeoco ;oooooi« 
eot> ■ 1-1 eo iH CO eo eo CO ' 'co-^d-i "lOiocotoeo 



I* 00 i icococokotoo-: ;co :-<j<i^ :oc- ;oo 
eo Tfio ■ ' C0 1-1 1-1 CO Tj< ' CO 'coi-i 'coco '-.co 



to CO 1-1 10 00 to CO 10 00 05 05 CO iffl ^ 10 O 00 to t- no tH 00 
CO U5 O t> 00 05 O CO 1-1 005 t> CO 00 IC to — I OU5 CO o 

CO tocoi-(-H 1-1 CO CO C0 1-1 1-1 »-i eo C0 1-1 1-1 CO CO Tfcc 



00O5ii<t>00i-iC0-H^00tOtO00Tl<rHt-i-iU5Tj<,-IC0t- 

05Ti<oioc^i-(Oeoo-Hir5toooi-it-co'ttootoooo 
Tj< rH i-( rH 1-1 th CO 00 C0 1-< 1-1 CO It 1-1 CO CO CO -"aico 



into ; 10 -H -.ji 10 1-1 05 ;m C005 in CO ^ CO 05 CO 1-1 
ooto ;o5 05 to t> o CO 'HOi ; —1 00 c~ 1-1 1-1 co co eo 00 
CO rH rHco-H —( 1-1 C0 1-1 1-1 CO 1-1 eoi-i 



t3 
C 



















\ 


■ 01 S 








c 


c 




X 





(V o c m 

S c S-^ p£ 5 § ^ 



m8 5 



124 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 96 

Cost Per Pupil Belonging in White One-Teacher, Two-Teacher and Graded 
Schools for Year Ending June 30, 1945, Exclusive of Expenditures for 
General Control, Supervision and Fixed Charges 



County 



County-Average ; 

1944 

1945 

Carroll „... 

Talbot 

Kent 

Caroline 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 

Dorchester 

St. Mary's 

Allegany 

Garrett 

Queen Anne's ... 

Frederick „ 

Somerset 

Washington 

Harford 

CecU 

Howard 

Wicomico 



One- 
Teacher 
Schools 



No. 



Cost 
Per 
Pupil 



118 


$84 


02 


106 


92 


44 


1 


173 


51 


3 


155 


70 


1 


145 


95 


1 


145 


46 


2 


120 


42 


3 


110 


69 


16 


105 


71 


3 


99 


83 


5 


99 


05 


31 


97 


51 


6 


91 


74 


1 


86 


48 


6 


77 


25 


5 


75 


70 


10 


73 


25 


8 


72 


95 


2 


72 


59 


2 


68 


23 



County 



County Average 

1944 

1945 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Carroll 

Queen Anne's 

Calvert 

Anne Arundel.. . 
St. Mary's... ...... 

Howard 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Charles 

Prince George's.. 

Wicomco 

Caroline 

Frederick 

Hariord 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Allegany 

Garrett 

Cecil 



Two- 
Teacher 
Schools 



No. 



Cost 
Per 
Pupil 



108 


$81 


58 


105 


86 


03 




124 


43 


3 


118 


93 


7 


116 


95 


5 


112 


06 


5 


103 


52 


3 


102 


49 


2 


102 


05 


2 


98 


90 


9 


97 


78 


1 


96 


78 


4 


93 


65 


3 


91 


77 


1 


89 


17 


6 


85 


65 


3 


81 


81 


2 


81 


76 


7 


80 


72 


11 


79 


87 


11 


77 


98 


2 


69 


89 


5 


68 


08 


7 


67 


86 


5 


59 


,16 



County 



County Average: 

1944 

1945 



St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Montgomery 

Queen Anne's 

Charles _. 

Allegany 

Kent 

Garrett 

Worcester 

Wicomico 

Talbot 

Carroll 

Washington 

Somerset 

Howard 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Harford 

Prince George's. 

Frederick 

Anne Arundel ... 

Cecil 

Baltimore 



Graded 
Schools 



No. 



319 
321 

1 

4 
27 

6 

6 
28 

4 
12 

7 
10 

5 
14 
26 



Cost 
Per 
Pupil 



$68.65 
72.10 

X119.06 
94.08 
93.20 
82.97 
X81.83 
80.02 
79.75 
77.04 
76.67 
76.47 
75.39 
72.11 
71.53 
71.15 
70.93 
70.48 
70.36 
68.91 
67.56 
67.31 
67.08 
66.63 
58.80 



Excludes estimated expenditures by State and county departments of health on services to school 
children for which see Table 139, page 218. ^ ^ r a- 

X Includes expenditures of Federal government for Frank Knox School in St. Mary s and Indian 
Head School in Charles County. 



Cost per County White Pupil in One-, Two-Teacher and Graded 125 
Elementary Schools; Federal Vocational Funds Allotted 
AND Expended 



TABLE 97 



Federal Vocational Funds Allotted to and Expended in Maryland, 1944-45 



PUBPOSE 


1945 
Allotment 


1945 
Expenditures 


Unexpended 
Balance 


Agriculture 

Trade and Industry 


$69,133.88 
104,538.88 
49,673.98 
26,613.46 
15,668.77 


♦$56,192.34 
♦84,775.25 
♦49,632.55 
t26,357.99 
♦13,527.19 


$12,941.54 
19,763.63 
41.43 
255.47 
2,141.58 


Home Economics 


Teacher Training and Supervision 

Distributive Occupations 


Total 


$265,628.97 


$230,485.32 


$35,143.65 



♦ The following amounts shown above opposite Agriculture $787.96, trade and industry $790.50, 
home economics $1,163.03, distributive occupations $1,868.12, are included in Table 103 
as charges for State Administration and Supervision opposite these same titles. 

t $4,940 reported above opposite teacher training and supervision is included in Table 99 
and in Table 103 for Baltimore City, for supervision of trade and industry. 



TABLE 98 

Federal Vocational Funds Expended by Subject and Type of School, 1944-45 



Type of School 



County Day 

White 

Colored 

County Evening 

White 

Colored 

University of Maryland 

Mining 

Volimteer Fireman 
Baltimore City 

Day 

Evening 

Cooperative and 
Continuation 

Supervision 

Total 



Agriculture 



$41,369.03 
12,458.22 



1,232.63 
344.50 



$55,404.38 



Subject 



Indiistrial 
Education 



$18,120.74 
275.00 

885.00 
319.50 

1,931.51 
1.814.00 

54,741.00 
2,812.00 

3,026.00 
5,000.00 



$88,924.75 



Home 
Economics 



$31,924.94 
11,105.08 

1,003.50 
486.00 



3,950.00 



$48,469.52 



Distributive 
Education 



$5,561.07 



2,760.00 
1,661.00 



1,677.00 



$11,659.07 



126 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



o 

W) 



o 

e8 



Eh QJ-'J 



2 0.2 



-^joooo 05 o -rj* (M lo o t-c<i t- W) oeo o t> 0(M 05 ;d 

C»C-;t-; <^5 05 OJ t- t-- 05 lO (N Tj< t> ,H O «5 rH 00 O lO 00 

1-10510 C<I O 05 ;0 rH CO 0? ?D O t> O O CO i-J O O O i-H 

O t> 00 05 05 t> IM T}< 1-1 lO 1-1 00 lO lO »0 Tji Til 00 o 

m OxS «£r05"t~''rH Os'r-TrH Tjr-^-TtCg OUJ^OS" r-Tr-TrH 



t> as t- 

«0 OS o 

;0 -5}< r-? 
05 OS CD 
to rH lO 
"5 Oo'"lo'" 



;o 
;o 






;ot- 
;qo 


id 
'eo 






' oec 




++ 








; CO 
;eo(M 



CO uo 

rH W(M 

«<9- 



; : ; ; i ; ; ; ; (M 




: ;(N 


; ;oo^ 


; OS «D ; 




05 (M 


it>d i 

' rH Til • 


i ;t> 

• '00 



1-1 05 ; o o 

' 'WOO 
P5 W y-iC^ 



1/5 O CD 
<N ■'t <N 

OO-lTf 



;o t> 
:oco 

i o' CO- 
'«0 CD 

la CO 



Oi w ; o o u5 o o 

t> CD ; O U5 N o o 

o> c- i 1/5 1> lo d d 

O lO ' (N 00 (N O iC 

Wio eooosiMr-i 



: o CD o 

; lo 05 lo . ■ _ 

i(N«5t-^ iinwcod ioioi 

■tOCDOO 'TfCDOirJt 'inoO 



*o os^ioiow 



t~-oo leoioocg"-! 
t- o ; o CO rH o5 w 

IM CJ ; .-( rH 05 



ItOOOOO INOSC-US 
lOOrHrl" :ooi>oot> 
; 05 T}< ,-( ; iH 



O U5 U5 
Ot1<t(< 



o o o 
CO o o 
ei5 o«o 



oo 
oo 
dd 

0<M 



e»5 05 o 
005 o 
e<5lN(M 



:oeooo 

'U50r-I 
-M->*«0 



Tjiooto 

TfOOtO 
(N IC O 



ooeo 

OW-I 



05 00 e<5 
o o o 



: 1X1 o t- oi o 

' rj< t>(M O >-( Tjt 
y-l 05INIM 



£5 



U5 rH CO 
00t>CD 


O O t- 'o o o 
o o to o o o 


;o(Moot>co 
lOtDio otooq 


; 


; o 
; o 


;ooo 
;ooN 


0>05 05 
00 CO 05 
00 05^ 


to d rH d d u5 

t- Ol to (N rH CD 
to 05 O rH as 


;do5i>dcod 

' U5 rH W rH t~ lO 
U5 t> to 05_^ T^rH 


;u5 

•lO 

eo 


lid 


iiodt> 

•UJrHrH 

rnai eo 


t-''o5'oo'' 
05 eo CO 


rH CO-rH rH 


rH TjTlM-tO*" rH 


oi" 




rH to" 


eOOOrH 
i-j_0 lO^ 


ocoogaiaico 

Oi(M 00 00 CD 


; t- o CO o as 

; lO rj< 05 rt< O lO 

; (MrH(M 


;tD 
! 




1 t~ Tjl 

!eoTj<oi 


(N W rH 













' OJ ^ o 



M ?^ C "* 



03 • 
o C rt 

2.1 § 



Q> 5 w 



_S 55 I, 



> o 



"3 i2"5 00_j 3 
> ^Sleo-y-fi CIS 

i3 21*^^ 2 S « 

— o cs. 

1 liilli 

u S S ^ " S c 

•1 sill 11 

liiii 

Sd 2 £ £t^-2^ 

3 3 3 3 3^ 

S oT) tjlS "TS 



Federal Vocational Funds Expended by County Day Schools 



127 



TABLE 100 

Federal Aid for Vocational Education in Maryland County Day High Schools for Colored 

Pupils, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



Year and 
County 



Total Counties: 

1942 

1943 

1944 

1945 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel ... 

Calvert..^ 

Caroline 

Charles 

Dorchester.... 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's ... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



Agriculture 



En- 
roll- 
ment 



870 
931 
911 
792 



Federal Aid for 



Salaries 



$12,373.30 
12,098.67 
13,270.44 
11,372.50 



1,050.00 
577.50 
910.00 
840.00 
840.00 



840.00 
875.00 
1,100.00 
600.00 



945.00 



870.00 
1,015.00 
910.00 



Travel 



$1,845.11 
1,693.74 
1,618.59 
1,085.72 



21.70 
16.55 

158.38 
94.50 

151.93 



44.90 
36.30 
84.05 
8.88 



76.75 



130.02 
115.31 
146.45 



Industrial 
Education 



En- 

roUr 
ment 



160 
147 
133 
116 

16 
100 



Federal 
Aid 
for 

Salaries 



$5,206.00 
5,250.00 
5,400.00 
t275.00 

t25.00 
t250.00 



Vocational Home Economics 



En- 
roll- 
ment 



1,091 
1,389 
1,511 
1,760 

26 
208 
113 
88 
190 
142 
82 
114 
75 
87 
122 
136 
83 
75 
69 
92 

58 



Federal Aid for 



Regvilar 
Salaries 



$5,256.71 
7,056.75 
9,775.50 
9,964.48 

343.75 
996.88 
350.00 
312.50 
600.00 
600.00 
375.38 

1,341.00 
300.00 
300.00 

2,008.31 
886.66 
312.50 
312.50 
312.50 
312.50 



Summer 



Salaries Travel 



$115.00 
873.00 
807.50 

1,000.00 



135.00 
187.50 



250.00 
187r5b 



300.00 240.00 



$10.00 
81.78 
92.85 

140.60 



20.00 



70.10 
24.40 
26.ib 



Total 
Federal 
Aid 



t Special aid to equalization fund counties for salaries of teachers of industrial education in 1944-45 was 
limited to 50 per cent of the difference between the minimum State salary sched\ile and the regular county salary 
schediile. 



128 1945 Report of Mar^-laxd State Department of Education 



TABLE 101— Expenditures for Adult Education in Maryland Counties, 1944-45 



County 


Salary Expenditiires 


Percent of Salary 
Expenditures 
1 from 


County 
Expendi- 
tures for 
Other than 
Salaries 


Receipts 
from Fees 


Total 


Federal 


State 


Federal 
Funds 


State 
Fiinds 


Grand Total 


*$18,416.13 


$4,631.13 


$13,767.00 


25.1 


74.8 


$819.26 


$2,280.75 



White Adults 



All Counties.... 

Allegany 

Baltimore 


*$14,917.13 

4,612.50 
1,065.00 
454.50 
216.00 
195.63 
280.00 
202.50 
601.50 
48.00 
502.50 
*4,621.00 
1,413.00 
108.00 
108.00 
273.00 
216.00 


$3,481.13 
t2,158.50 


$11,418.00 

2,454.00 
1,065.00 
454.50 
216.00 
117.00 


23.3 
46.8 


76.6 

53.2 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.8 


$723.26 

279.69 
12.83 
81.00 
48.00 


$2,162.75 

373.00 
110.00 
330.00 
102.00 


Carroll..... 






Cecil 






Dorchester 


78.63 
280.00 


40.2 
100.0 


Frederick 






Garrett 


202.50 
552.00 


100.0 
91.8 






Harford 


49.50 
48.00 
435.00 
328.00 
103.50 


8.2 
100.0 
86.6 
7.1 
7.3 


117.50 


117.50 


Howard 


Kent 


67.50 
4,275.00 
1,309.50 
108.00 
108.00 
273.00 
216.00 


13.4 
92.5 
92.7 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 






Montgomery 
Pr. George's .. 
Queen Anne's 
Talbot 


52.24 
12.00 


868.25 
216.00 








Washington.... 
Wicomico 














120.00 


46.00 








Colored Adults 


All Counties-. .- 
Allegany 


$3,499.00 

72.00 
1,075.50 
135.00 
130.50 
475.00 
90.00 
427.50 
1,093.50 


$1,150.00 


$2,349.00 

72.00 
648.00 
135.00 

90.00 
450.00 

90.00 
103.50 
760.50 


32.9 


67.1 

100.0 
60.3 

100.0 
69.0 
94.7 

100.0 
24.2 
69.5 


$96.00 


$118.00 


Anne Arundel 
Dorchester 


427.50 


39.7 








Harford 


40.50 
25.00 


31.0 
5.3 






Montgomery 
Somerset 










Talbot 

Wicomico 


324.00 
333.00 


75.8 
30.5 






96.00 


118.00 



* Includes $18.00 paid from Coimty funds, 
t Includes $360 for coordinator. 



County Adult Education Costs; Federal Aid in Baltimore City; 129 
Cost of Administration and Supervision of Vocational Education 



TABLE 102 

Federal Aid for Vocational Education in Baltimore City Schools for School Year 

Ending June 30, 1945 



Type of School 


Total 
Federal 
Funds 


Enrollment 


Amount of 
Federal 
Aid per 

Pupil 
Enrolled 


Male 


Female 


Trsdc 3,nd Industrial 


$54,741.00 






$20.99 




White 


1,677 
78 

25 
78 


828 
24 

111 
24 


Colored 






Cooperative and Continuation 


3,026.00 
2,812.00 
5,000.00 

3,950.00 


22.25 
27.56 


Evening 


Supervision , 


Home Economics — Evening 




6.85 


White 


22 


2J0 
367 

276 

" ' 40 
70 


Colored 




4.29 
21.23 


Distributive Occupational Classes 

Part-time 


1,280,00 
2,760.00 


Cooperative Part-time 


White 


Colored 




20 
52 




Evening 


381.00 
1,677.00 


7.38 


Supervision 




Total 








$75,627.00 


1,952 


1,950 


$19.38 





TABLE 103 

Expenditures for Administration, Supervision and Teacher Training in Vocational 
Education, Year Ending June 30, 1945 





Administration 
and Supervision 


Teacher 


Training 


Total 


Purpose 


State 
Funds 


Federal 
Funds 


University 
of 

Maryland 
Fimds 


Federal 
Funds 


State 
and 
University 
Funds 


Federal 
Funds 


Agriculture... 


$3,443.44 
11,083.87 
4,722.71 

3,290.10 


i$2,669.75 
;2,999.12 
:4,304.50 

tt3,820.55 


*$3,047.57 
*6,901.13 
*2,284.98 


*$3, 047.57 
*6,901.13 
*2,284.98 


$6,491.01 
17,985.00 
7,007.69 

3,290.10 


$5,717.32 
9,900.25 
6,589.48 

3,820.55 


Trade and Industry .. 

Home Economics 

Distributive Edu- 
cation, Occupa- 
tional Informa- 
tion and Guidance 


Total 


$22,540.12 


$13,793.92 


*$12,233.68 


$12,233.68 


$34,773.80 


$26,027.60 





* Includes for Princess Anne College $804.74 for Agriciilture, $999.67 for Trade and Industry, 
$545.35 for Home Economics, Total $2,349.76. 

X Federal funds for Administration and Supervision include the following amounts charged in 
Table 97 to Agriculture $787.96, Trade and Industry $790.50, Home Economics $788.03, 
Distributive Education S788.03, toward the salary and expenses of the State Director of 
Vocational Education. Likewise S3 75 toward the salary of the State Supervisor of Home 
Economics is reported opposite Home Economics in Table 97. 

t Federal funds for supervision of distributive education, occupational information and guidance 
are obtained from allotments for teacher training and supervision in agriculture $653.69, 
trade and industry $649.37, home economics $649.37 and distributive education $1,080.09. 



130 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 104 

Maryland County Expenditures for Transporting Pupils to School, 1923-1945 



Year 


Public 
Expenditures 
for 

Transportationjab 


Number 
of 

Counties 


Number of 

Pupils 
Transporteda 


Public Funds 

Spent per 
Pupil Trans- 
porteda 


1923 


$132,591 


20 


4,344 


$30 


59 


1924 


188,516 


21 


6,499 


29 


01 


1925 


242,041 


22 


8,618 


28 


09 


1926 


312,495 


22 


10,567 


29 


57 


1927.: 


373,168 


23 


13,385 


27 


88 


1928 


436,583 


23 


15,907 


27 


45 


1929 


*512,385 


23 


18,928 


27 


07 


1930 


*603,148 


23 


22,814 


26 


41 


1931 - 


*744,400 


23 


29,006 


27 


66 


1932 


*834,679 


23 


35,019 


23 


84 


1933 


858,274 


23 


40,308 


21 


29 


1934 _ ... 


863,549 


23 


42,^41 


20 


44 


1935 


892,422 


23 


44,576 


20 


02 


1936 - 


952,598 


23 


49,051 


19 


42 


1937 


1,019,872 


23 


52,248 


19 


52 


1938 - 


1,121,498 


23 


56,268 


19 


93 


1939 


1,202,784 


23 


61,753 


19 


48 


1940 


1,285,520 


23 


66,036 


19 


47 


1941 


1,326,389 


23 


70,162 


18 


90 


1942 


1,411,110 


23 


74,113 


19 


04 


1943 


1,491,244 


23 


74,711 


19 


96 


1944 


1,561,711 


23 


74,813 


20 


87 


1945 


1,728,510 


23 


77,349 


22 


35 



TABLE 105 

County Pupils Transported to Public Schools at Public Expense, 1923-1945 



Ykar 


Pupils Transported to School at Public Expense 


Public Funds 
Expended for 
Transportation 
of Pupils th 


Number Transported 


Percent Transported 


Elementary 


High 


Elementary 


High 




















White 


Colored 




White 


Col- 


White 


Col- 


White 


Col- 


White 


Col- 


Pupils 


Pupils 






ored 




ored 




ored 




ored 


1923 


3,485 


133 


843 





3 


1 


6 





$129,738 


$2,853 


1924 


4,682 


133 


1,701 





5 




11 





185,263 


3,253 


1925 


6,269 


144 


2,197 


1 


6 


1 


13 





238,094 


3,947 


1926 


7,613 


105 


2,835 


14 


8 





15 


2 


308,596 


3,899 


1927 


9,778 


tl40 


3,424 


15 


10 


1 


17 


1 


368,089 


5,079 


1928 


11,774 


t201 


3,870 


20 


11 


1 


18 


2 


431,065 


5,517 


1929 


14,028 


t247 


4,632 


23 


14 


1 


20 


2 


506.478 


=t-5,907 


1930 


16,670 


t310 


5,660 


174 


16 


1 


23 


9 


594,473 


+8,675 


1931 


20.593 


t493 


7,746 


215 


20 


2 


29 


10 


726,747 


*17,653 


1932 


24,787 


t724 


9,019 


477 


23 


3 


32 


19 


807,373 


=127,305 


1933 


28,741 


t847 


10,157 


502 


27 


3 


34" 


19 


828,067 


30,207 


1934 


29,969 


tl,051 


10,581 


740 


28 


4 


35 


27 


826,817 


36,732 


1935 


31,147 


tl,096 


11,517 


1,035 


29 


4 


37 


35 


8o0,481 


41,938 


1936 


32,676 


tl,389 


13,191 


al,795 


31 


6 


41 


51 


890,325 


a62,272 


1937 


34,076 


tl,807 


13,970 


a2,395 


32 


8 


'42 


59 


944,922 


a74,951 


1938 


35,980 


t2,749 


14,556 


a2,983 


34 


12 


43 


68 


1,013,356 


al08,142 


1939 


38,201 


t4,147 


16,147 


a3,258 


36 


18 


45 


70 


1,066,880 


al35,904 


1940 


40,633 


+4,834 


17,122 


a3,447 


38 


21 


45 


71 


1,134,161 


al51,359 


1941 


42,765 


t5,472 


18,326 


a3,599 


40 


24 


47 


70 


1,160,242 


al66,146 


1942 


45,055 


t6,650 


18,893 


a3,515 


42 


29 


48 


69 


1,223,726 


al87,384 


1943 


45,733 


t6,591 


18,804 


a3,583 


42 


29 


49 


69 


1,288,998 


a202,246 


1944 


46,025 


t6,904 


18,340 


3,544 


42 


31 


50 


70 


1,337.030 


224,681 


1945 


47,807 


t7,486 


18,444 


3,612 


43 


33 


50 


70 


1,466,708 


261,802 



t Includes county pupils transported to elementary school at Bowie Normal School or Teachers 
College from 1927 to date. 

=• Includes Rosen wald aid toward transportation of pupils. 

a Includes Baltimore County pupils toward whose transportation costs to Baltimore City High 
schools, Baltimore Counry contributed from 1936 to 1943 inclusive. 

b Excludes cost of State bus transporting pupils to Bowie Normal School or Teachers College from 
1927 to date. 

t Excludes payments by uarents toward cn.^t of high pchool transportation in several counties. 



Transportation of Pupils to School at Public Expense 



131 



TABLE 106 



Maryland Pupils Transported to School in 1944-45 at Public Expense 





Pupils Transported 


Public Expense for Transportation 


f^r^TTWTV 
U U 1 I 


















To Ele- 


To 




To Ele- 


To 




Total 


mentary 


High 


Total 


mentary 


High 






School 


School 




School 


School 


Total Counties 


77,349 


55,293 


22,056 


$1,728,509.50 


$1,198,304.28 


$530,205.22 


BaltimorG 


11,863 


8,673 


3,190 


bl88,811.37 


136,804.12 


b52,007.25 


Montgomery 


6,640 


5,449 


1,191 


bl29,367.99 


105,605.97 


b23,762.02 


Frederick 


t4,548 


3,209 


tl,339 


118,741.99 


81,743.68 


36,998.31 


Anne Arundel 


*6,527 


*4,099 


2,428 


118,056.36 


71,175.06 


46,881.30 


Allegany 


5,067 


3,819 


1,248 


108,050.49 


82,591.11 


25,459.38 


Carroll 


t4,298 


t3,145 


tl,153 


99,017.34 


65,866.63 


33,150.71 


Prince George's 


x*5 271 


x*3 545 


xl 726 






32 783.26 


Garrett 


2,339 


1^552 


'787 


84,856.09 


56,042.07 


28!814!02 


Washington 


4,180 


3,131 


1,049 


75,639.20 


57,864.70 


17,774.50 




2,617 


1,881 


736 


67,275.39 


42,879.94 


24,395.45 


Wicomico 


2,253 


1,436 


817 


66,955.36 


43,829.73 


23,125.63 


Dorchester 


1,959 


1,259 


700 


64,872.78 


42,146.73 


22,726.05 


Worcester 


2,051 


1,439 


612 


58,013.42 


36,254.74 


21,758.68 


Howard 


2,526 


1,791 


735 


52,749.82 


36,335.48 


16,414.34 


St. Mary's 


1,766 


1,224 


542 


51,230.88 


30,842.30 


20,388.58 


Cacil 


2,253 


1,532 


721 


50,666.82 


34,156.64 


16,510.18 


Caroline 


1,865 


1,291 


574 


49,151.58 


34,026.68 


15,124.90 


Somerset 


1,842 


1,286 


556 


48,020.42 


27,769.57 


20,250.85 


Queen Anne's.. 


1,430 


955 


475 


43,549.31 


30,652.25 


12,897.06 


Calvert 


1,349 


903 


446 


42,238.78 


26,940.50 


15,298.28 


Harford.. . 


1,845 


1,689 


156 


b40,579.75 


b39,528.21 


bl,051.54 


Talbot- 


1,540 


1,082 


458 


40,532.21 


28,651.70 


11,880.51 


Kent _ 


1,320 


903 


417 


34,278.77 


23,526.35 


10,752.42 


Baltimore City 


a375 


a375 




a37,620.00 


a37,620.00 




Entire State 


77,724 


55,668 


22,056 


1,766,129.50 


1,235,924.28 


530,205.22 



TABLE 107— Expenditures of Public Funds Per Maryland County Pupil 
Transported to School, for Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 



County Average 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Calvert 

Queen Anne's .... 

Wicomico. 

St. Mary's 

Worcester 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Frederick 

Somerset 



Average Expenditure of Public 
Funds per County Pupil Trans- 
ported to School for 



All 
Pupils 



$22.35 

36.28 
33.12 
31.31 
30.45 
29.72 
29.01 
28.29 
26.35 
26.32 
t26.11 
26.07 



White 
Pupils 



$22.14 

36.28 
35.96 
35.17 
29.64 
33.19 
31.96 
34.04 
26.36 
31.30 
t25.02 
32.44 



Colored 
Pupils 



$23.59 



27.57 
23.80 
33.09 
22.33 
21.92 
18.34 
26.35 
18.19 
39.64 
17.23 



County 



Kent..... 

Charles 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Harford 

Allegany 

Howard 

Montgomery 
Pr. George's.. 
Washington .. 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 



Average Expenditure of Public 
Funds per County Pupil Trans- 
ported to School for 



All 
Pupils 



$25.97 
25.71 

:23.04 
22.49 

b21.99 
21.32 
20.88 

bl9.48 
*=xl8.19 
18.10 

>^18.09 

bl5.92 



White 
Pupils 



$28.51 
28.91 

t22.69 
21.01 

b22.68 
21.35 
21.09 

bl7.89 

X17.47 
17.51 
17.59 

bl5.64 



Colored 
Pupils 



$21.78 
20.08 

J31.05 
35.83 

bl7.00 
14.86 
19.72 

b27.71 

*23.28 
65.82 

*22.69 

b21.09 



t Includes average cost of $34.82 for Washington County pupils attending a Frederick County 
high school at a total cost of $975.00 to Washington County. 

t Includes average cost of $33.29 for 35 elementary and 6 high school Frederick County pupils 
attending school in Carroll County at a total cost of $1,365.00 to Frederick County. 

X Includes average cost of $18.72 for 91 elementary and 17 high school Anne Arundel County 
pupils attending school in Prince George's County at a total cost of $2,021.50 to Anne Arundel County. 

* Number transported includes 97 pupils, 20 from Anne Arundel and 77 from Prince George's 
transported to the elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College, but they are excluded in aver- 
age expenditure per pupil transported. 

b Supplemented by payments of high-school pupils in Baltimore, Harford, and Montgomery 
Counties. 

a Exclusive of 805 pupih living in Armistead Gardens who were transported at the expense of U.S. 
Government to Schools No. 83 and No. 231. 



132 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 108 

Number and Percent of Maryland County Pupils Transported to School at 
Public Expense, Year En,ding, June 30, 1945 





White 


Colored 


County 


Elementary 


H 


gh 




Elementary 


B 


igh 






Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total and Avei'age 
























1943 


45,733 


42 





18,804 


49 





6,591 


29.3 


3,583 


69 


.0 


1944 


46,025 


42 


4 


18,340 


50 


1 


6,904 


31.2 


3,544 


69 


.8 


1945 


47,807 


43 


1 


18,444 


49 


6 


*7,486 


32.7 


3,612 


70 


3 


St. Mary's 


865 


76 


8 


382 


99 


5 


359 


49.8 


160 


99 


4 


Howard 


1,540 


73 


5 


612 


89 


7 


251 


45.9 


123 


87 


2 


Carroll 


3,029 


70 


9 


1,088 


65 


3 


116 


48.5 


65 


73 


9 


Charles 


1,233 


70 


.3 


435 


76 





648 


45.6 


301 


95 





Caroline 


967 


62 


.5 


419 


61 


7 


324 


60.8 


155 


85 


6 


Queen Anne's 


743 


62 


2 


351 


76 


3 


212 


43.6 


124 


91 


2 


Kent 


546 


53 


8 


276 


62 


7 


357 


64.1 


141 


82 


5 


Calvert 


618 


81 


4 


273 


98 


2 


285 


26.7 


173 


97 


7 


Worcester 


908 


59 


8 


391 


57 


7 


531 


50.6 


221 


72 


9 


Somerset 


745 


52 


5 


325 


60 


6 


541 


52.3 


231 


74 


3 


Garrett 


1,552 


47 


7 


787 


79 


1 












Talbot 


640 


47 


4 


315 


55 


7 


442 


58." 5 


143 


70" 


4 


Frederick 


2,988 


50 


9 


1,222 


52 


7 


221 


34.6 


117 


56 


8 


Anne Arundel 


3,825 


53 


6 


2,064 


77 


7 


*274 


9.4 


364 


56 


6 


Cecil 


1,385 


43 


5 


643 


53 


6 


. 147 


45.4 


78 


74 


3 


Dorchester 


801 


• 38 


8 


493 


54 


2 


458 


44.4 


207 


65 


9 


Wicomico 


1,010 


38 




522 


46 


2 


426 


40.1 


295 


70 


9 


Baltimore 


8,168 


41 


6 


3,103 


49 


4 


505 


20.9 


87 


29 





Montgomery 


4,645 


41 





920 


32 





804 


47.9 


271 


88 





Allegany 


3,807 


35 





1,239 


35 


1 


12 


6.7 


9 


22 





Washington 


3,087 


31 


8 


1,042 


39 


6 


44 


20.8 


7 


14 





Harford 


1,478 


34 


9 


145 


9 





211 


26.6 


11 


5 


6 


Prince George's 


3,227 


25. 





1,397 


34 


3 


*318 


9.9 


329 


87 


5 



* Includes in number and excludes in percentage 20 pupils from Anne Arundel and 77 pupils from 
Prince George's transported to elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 



I 



Percent of Pupils Transported and Number of Schools to Which 133 

Transported 



TABLE 109 



Number of County Schools to Which Transportation Was Provided at Public 
Expense, and Number of Buses Used, Year Ending June 30, 1945 





Schools for White Pupils 
* 






Number of BusesJ 
















Total 








With Elementary Grades 


With 




Schools 


Number 


Owned by 


County 




Only 




High 


With 


for 


of 












and 


High 


Colored 


Different 














Ele- 


School 


Pupils 


Schools 








One- 


Two- 




mentary 


Only 




County 


Con- 




Teacher 


Teacher 


Graded 


Grades 








tractors 


Total 




















Counties 


33 


66 


195 


90 


51 


164 


599 


107 


a993 


Allegany 




3 


18 


6 


4 


2 


33 




a77 


Anne Arun. 




1 


21 


4 


4 


*5 


35 




*52 


Baltimore.... 




1 


24 


6 


3 


10 


44 


2'6 


a79 


Calvert 




1 


4 




1 


5 


11 




29 


Caroline 




3 


1 


i 




4 


13 




37 


Carroll 




4 


6 


8 


"i 


6 


25 


i 


50 


Cecil 


"i 


3 


4 


4 


4 


4 


21 




31 


Charles 






2 


4 


1 


10 


17 


"i 


30 


Dorchester 


~6 


"i 


5 


5 


1 


12 


31 




48 


Frederick .... 




4 


16 


5 


2 


7 


34 


"i 


78 


Garrett 


14 


5 


7 


4 


1 




31 


4 


71 


Harford 


1 


2 


3 


t8 




io 


24 


6 


29 


Howard.... 


2 


1 


4 


3 


1 


5 


16 




25 


Kent 




6 


1 


3 


1 


6 


17 




24 


Montgom'y 




3 


20 


5 


3 


15 


46 


64 




Pr. George's 




2 


19 


4 


7 


*9 


41 




42 


Qu. Anne's 


4 


3 


6 




5 


11 


29 




48 


St. Mary's .. 


2 


9 


1 




2 


9 


23 




35 


Somerset 


1 


1 


4 


2 


2 


8 


18 




35 


Talbot 


1 


2 


4 


1 


2 


10 


20 


i 


30 


Washington 




6 


17 


4 


5 


1 


33 


1 


53 


Wicomico .... 




1 


5 


5 


1 


6 


18 




46 


Worcester.... 




3 


3 


4 




9 


19 




44 


Balto. City.. 






2 


1 




2 


5 




al2 


Entire State 


33 


66 


197 


91 


51 


166 


604 


107 


alOOS 



♦ Excludes elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College and bus carrying pupils there, 
t Five of these to elementary only. 

X Excludes total of 95 private cars and station wagons used: in Allegany, 6; Calvert, 8; Carroll, 3; 
Charles, 4; Dorchester, 2; Frederick, 2; Garrett, 26; Harford, 2; Queen Anne's, 23; St. Mary's, 10; 
Talbot, 3; . Washington, 3; Wicomico, 2; Worcester, 1; and one county owned station wagon in Garrett. 

a Includes common carrier lines : 62 in counties; 21 in Allegany; 41 in Baltimore County; 12 in 
Baltimore City; and 74 in State. 



134 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 110 



Capital Outlayf for the Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 


White Elementary 


White 
High 
Schools 


Colored 
• Schools 


Grand 
Total 


One- 
Teacher 
Schools 


Two- 
Teacher 
Schools 


Graded 
Schools 


All 

Elementary 
Schools 


Total Counties 

Allegany 


$22.00 


$5,590.90 


$402,548.70 


$408,161.60 


$134,778.09 


$114,030.69 


e$668,440.78 


Anne Arundel 






127,176.59 
51,026.15 


127,176.59 
51,026.15 
610.49 


44,335.75 
33,519.93 
2,106.57 

998 Qfl 

3,454.17 
426.12 
1,555.20 
25.00 
6,420.48 
3,608.75 
5,664.77 
2,048.02 


751.42 
1,105.45 


al72,656.21 
85,651.53 
2,717.06 

b9,106.48 
4,040.38 

40,947.70 
2,092.59 
cl0,551.62 
3,655.00 
9,172.22 
2,289.90 
1,825.00 
d260,541.23 

42,752.49 


Baltimore 






Calvert 




610.49 


Trtl in A 






24 90 
13.00 
22.26 
38,435.92 
1,030.00 
378.89 


Carroll 






5,595.81 
3,592.00 
956.58 
1,037.59 
3,564.45 


5,595.81 
3,592.00 
956.58 
1,037.59 
3,703.50 
46.25 
3,356.30 
228.22 
912.50 
192,635.58 
7,857.14 


Cecil 






Charles 






Dorchester 






Frederick 

Garrett 




139.05 
46.25 
32.55 


Harford 

Howard 




3,323.75 
228.22 


151.15 
13.66 

912.50 
50,339.39 
18,112.28 


Kent 




912.50 
3,151.04 
391.81 


Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 


22.00 


189,462.54 
7,465.33 


6,580.56 
16,783.07 


St. Mary's 




300.00 


63.00 


363.00 






363.00 
3,797.23 
52.50 
7,593.71 
8,358.53 
22.60 

111,761.61 
52,476.55 
42,588.67 
2,044.83 
14,651.56 

e$780,202.39 


Somerset 




2,377.09 
52.50 
3,087.92 
2,503.29 


1,420.14 


Talbot 










Washington 

Wicomico 




7.21 


4,453.58 
4,580.51 
22.60 

10,636.72 
10,636.72 


4,460.79 
4,580.51 
22.60 

10,636.72 
10,636.72 


45.00 
1,274.73 


Worcester 


»- 




Baltimore City 

Elementary 






53,475.58 


47,649.31 
41,839.83 
192.48 
167.31 
5,449.69 

$161,680.00 


Junior High 






42,396.19 
1,877.52 
9,201.87 

$188,253.67 


Senior High 










Vocational 










Total State 


$22.00 


$5,590.90 


$413,185.42 


$418,798.32 



t Excludes school buses purchased. 

a Includes $86,895.28 from Federal Works Agency; $392.45 for storage not shown in columns at the left. 
' b Includes $43.50 for administration building not shown in columns at the left, 
c Includes $48.75 for administration building not shown in columns at the left. 

d Includes $69,201.17 from Federal Works Agency; $48.50 for administration building and $10,937.20 for a nur- 
sery school not shown in columns at the left. 

e Totals for counties and state include $11,470.40 not shown in columns at the left. 



Capital Outlay; School Bonds Outstanding 



135 



TABLE 111 



School Bonds Outstanding as of June 30, 1945 







1945 Assessable 




Percent that 






Basis Ta.xable 


Assessable Basis 


Indebtedness 


County 


School Bonds 


at Full Rate 


Back of Each 


for School Bonds 




Outstanding 


for County 


Dollar of School 


is of TotaJ 




June 30, 1945 


Purposes 


Indebtedness 


County Basis 


Total Counties .. 


$16,923,771 


$1,438,961,040 


$85 


1.2 


Allegany 


2,955,000 


95,812,080 


32 


3.1 


Anne Ar\indel .... 


al, 100,000 


*71,513,112 


65 


1.5 


Baltimore 


2,254,667 


*354,995,625 


157 


.6 


Calvert 


b51,500 


7,475,470 


145 


.7 


Caroline 


99,000 


16,625,116 


168 


.6 


Carroll 




46,611,947 


t 


0.0 


Cecil 


~233,9'50 


*53,772,902 


230 


.4 


Charles 


89,000 


*13,260,109 


149 


.7 


Dorchester 


357,840 


27,540,466 


77 


1.3 


Frederick 


903,240 


73,606,590 


81 


1.2 


Garrett 




19,755,015 


t 


0.0 


Harford 


169,050 


*69,310,639 


410 


.2 


Howard 


286,990 


21,669,513 


76 


1.3 


Kent 




18,597,885 


t 


0.0 


Montgomery 


c4,"379,"534 


*180,693,190 


41 


2.4 


Prince George's.. 
Queen Anne's 


dl,967,000 


♦139,089,368 


71 


1.4 


156,000 


18,013,138 


115 


.9 


St. Mary's 




*10,948,505 


t 


0.0 


Somerset 


40,500 


13,190,172 


326 


.3 


Talbot 


126,000 


23,606,450 


187 


.5 


Washington 


924,500 


100,783,313 


109 


.9 


Wicomico 


694,000 


38,459,022 


55 


1.8 


Worcester 


136,000 


23,631,413 


174 


.6 


Baltimore City .. 


el5,098,715 


*1,379,008,454 


91 


1.1 


Total State 


$32,022,486 


$2,817,969,494 


$88 


1.1 



a $109,522 sinking fund balance has been excluded, 
b Excludes $15,000 for short term indebtedness, 
c Excludes $175,000 for short term indebtedness, 
d $231,549 sinking fund balance has been excluded, 
e $1,820,693 sinking fund balance has been excluded. 
* Exclui33 assessments on Federal housing projects, 
t Infinity. 



136 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 112 

School Debt* and Interest Paymentsf Per Pupil Belonging, 1945 



County 



County Average 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel.... 
Baltimore.. 

Calvert 

Caroline.... 
Carroll.... 

Ceci^. 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 



School 
Debt Per 

Pupil 
Belonging 



$97.89 

206.70 
83.59 
79.93 
23.17 
34.63 
0.00 
49.17 
22.51 
84.62 

101.40 
0.00 
25.08 



Interest 
Payments 
Per Pupil 
Belonging 



$3.51 

7.12 
2.08 
3.87 
1.32 
1.38 
0.00 
1.59 
1.02 
2.47 
4.03 
0.00 
.65 



County 



Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's.... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City 

State Average .. 



School 
Debt Per 

Pupil 
Belonging 



Interest 
Payments 
Per Pupil 

Belonging 



$83.79 


$2 


76 


0.00 





00 


274.44 


9 


06 


97.46 


3 


65 


69.00 


1 


49 


0.00 





00 


12.61 




48 


44.90 


1 


88 


74.72 


2 


75 


135.26 


4 


04 


39.60 


2 


02 


143.36 


5 


80 


$115.10 


$4 


38 



* See Table 111, page 135, for school bonds outstanding. 

t See Table XVII, page 245, for interest payments on bonded indebtedness. 



TABLE 113 
Value of School Property, 1922-1945 



year 


Value 


OF School Property 


Value Per Pupil Enrolled 


Marylandf 


Counties 


Baltimore 
Cityt 


Mary- 
landt 


Counties 


Baltimore 
Cityt 


1922 


$20,453,646 


$10,014,638 


$10,439,008 


$82 


$68 


$103 


1923 


22,236,638 


11,796,630 


10,440,008 


87 


77 


100 


1924 


28,264,507 


12,813,396 


15,451,111 


110 


85 


147 


1925 


33,622,503 


14,946,810 


18,675,693 


129 


97 


164 


1926 


38,865,024 


16,704,564 


22,160,460 


148 


108 


205 


1927 


48,654,045 


17,889,796 


30,764,249 


182 


114 


277 


1928 


51,765,517 


18,994,670 


32,770,847 


191 


120 


291 


1929 


52,801,013 


19,920,102 


32,880,911 


193 


124 


290 


1930 


55,741,316 


21,483,720 


34,257,596 


201 


132 


297 


1931 


61,141,759 


23,830,725 


37,311,034 


217 


144 


321 


1932 


64,116,448 


24,608,923 


39,507,525 


222 


146 


331 


1933 


66,030,676 


25,350,740 


40,679,936 


225 


147 


335 


1934 


72,241,647 


25,501,303 


46,740,344 


246 


149 


384 


1935 


74,116,872 


26,847,518 


47,269,354 


251 


156 


384 


1936_ 


74,429,453 


26,778,790 


47,650,663 


250 


155 


380 


1937 


*78,573,662 


*29,656,237 


48,917,425 


*264 


=^171 


395 


1938 


*81,336,202 


*31, 702,972 


49,633,230 


*277 


*184 


410 


1939 


*82,477,467 


*32,801,326 


49,676,141 


*278 


=••188 


408 


1940 


*86,373,506 


=^36,605,396 


49,768,110 


=*=291 


=*^208 


412 


1941 


*87,253,746 


*37,426,526 


49,827,220 


*292 


=^210 


414 


1942 


*88,171,154 


*38,442,796 


49,728,358 


*296 


*213 


421 


1943 


*89,953,989 


*39,490,295 


50,463,694 


=*=300 


*217 


430 


1944 


*89,951,808 


*39,824,086 


50,127,722 


=*=304 


=*=223 


427 


1945....: 


*89,660,481 


=^=39,934,051 


49,726,430 


*303 


=t-219 


437 



* Includes value of equipment in Maryland counties, but excludes value of administration 
buildings. 

t Excludes value of equipment, and also of administration buildings, warehouses, and stor- 
age buildings in Baltimore City. 



School Debt and Interest Payments per Pupil; 
Value of School Property 



137 



TABLE 114 

Value of School Property, Including Equipment, Per Pupil Belonging, 1945 





School Property Used 


School 


Property Used 




BY White Pupils 


BY Colored Pupils 


County 


















Average 


Value 




Average 


Value 




Valuef 


Number 


Per 


ValueT 


Number 


Per 




Belonging 


White 




Belonging 


Colored 






Pupil 






Pupil 


(1943 


$37,276,530 


143,807 


$259 


$2,113,765 


26,633 


$79 


1 otai LyOunuies < iy44 


37,719.487 


143,761 


262 


2,104,599 


26,502 


79 


/ 1945 


37,731,770 


145,701 


259 


2,202,281 


27,184 


81 


Allegany 


5,180,838 


14,084 


368 


85,218 


212 


402 


Anne Arundel 


2,120,300 


9,669 


219 


al61,225 


3,491 


46 


Baltimore 


4,829,100 


25,665 


188 


221,400 


2,542 


87 


Calvert 


163,350 


1,015 


161 


38,850 


1,208 


32 


Caroline 


645,075 


2,175 


297 


73,000 


684 


107 


Carroll 


1,280,316 


5,829 


220 


21,900 


334 


66 


Cecil 


1,144,990 


4,330 


264 


38,900 


428 


91 


Charles 


J340,400 


2,280 


149 


124,950 


1,674 


75 


Dorchester 


1,044,900 


2,908 


359 


al05,100 


1,321 


80 


Frederick 


1,888,540 


8,087 


234 


122,860 


821 


150 


Garrett 


a551,565 


4,180 


132 








Harford 


n. 107,250 


5,778 


192 


65,900 


962 


■■" 69 


Howard 


676,350 


2,750 


246 


23,750 


675 


35 


Kent 


179,510 


1,437 


125 


21,348 


711 


30 


Montgomery 


6,253.552 


14,015 


446 


191,300 


1,943 


98 


Prince George's 


3,272,787 


16,733 


196 


345,912 


3,449 


100 


Queen Anne's 


562,900 


1,626 


346 


a44,600 


635 


70 


St. Mary's 


281,275 


1,436 


196 


a28,700 


842 


34 


Somerset 


501,500 


1,898 


264 


88,800 


1,314 


68 


Talbot 


520,263 


1,880 


277 


50,926 


926 


55 


Washington 


2,880,500 


12,108 


238 


47,000 


265 


177 


Wicomico 


1,779,759 


3,694 


482 


218,692 


1,437 


152 


Worcester. 


526,750 


2,124 


248 


81,950 


1,310 


63 


Baltimore City 


*42,270,468 


73,613 


574 


=^7,455,962 


31,710 


235 


Total State 


*$80,002,238 


219,314 


$365 


*$9,658,243 


58,894 


$164 



t No valuations are included for administration buildings, warehouses, or storage buildings, 
a Excludes value of rented buildings. 

t Excludes value of property owned by Federal government. 
* Excludes value of equipment in Baltimore City. 



138 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 115 
County Tax Levy, 1945-46 







Levy for Public Schools 






Total 










Levy for 


County 


County 






Capital 




Purposes 




Levy 


Current 


^Debt 




Other than 




Expenses 




Onf 1 Q\7 


Total 


Schools 


All Counties.. 


$22,909,592 


$9,228,321 


$1,599,457 


$446,078 


$11,273,856 


$11,635,736 


Allegany 


al,774,486 


805,809 


*256,898 




1,062,707 


a711,779 




bl 929 015 


526,417 


107,070 


166,173 


799,660 


hi 129 ^'^^ 


Baltimoret 


5,'632!916 


1,732,611 


280,968 




2,013,579 


3,619,337 


Calvert 


122,767 


45,215 


=t-17,530 


2,000 


64,745 


58,022 


Caroline 


206,611 


96,850 


*10,430 




107,280 


99,331 


Carroll 


536,899 


267,930 




16,000 


283,930 


252,969 


Cecil 


539,190 


313,575 


^32,025 




345,600 


193,590 


Charles 


150,367 


82,989 


■^8,145 


11,000 


102,134 


48,233 


Dorchestert.-.. 


c465,415 


160,079 


*49,836 


5,000 


214,915 


c250,500 


Frederickt 


982,684 


455,100 


*101,744 


4,700 


561,544 


421,140 


Garrettt 


d421,057 


116,779 


9,180 


33,050 


159,009 


d262,048 


Harfordt 


8802,727 


f248,465 


=•25,355 


162,180 


436,000 


e366,727 


Howard! 


427,982 


167,875 


*28,410 


5,000 


201,285 


226,697 


Kentt 


261,201 


124,094 




3,900 


127,994 


133,207 


Montgomery 
Pr. George's.... 


g3,480,656 


1,445,537 


g*234,449 




1,679,986 


gl,800,67O 


2,067,791 


1,098,440 


=^190,331 


26,000 


1,314,771 


753,020 


Queen Anne's 


301,393 


114,000 


*14,800 


3.800 


132,600 


168,793 


St. Mary's . 


154,860 


57,814 






57,814 


97,046 


Somerset 


214,001 


78,107 


*7,906 




86,013 


127,988 


Talbot 


261,665 


134,972 


*17,780 




152,752 


108,913 


Washingtonf 
Wicomico 


1,248,062 


752,838 


*112,470 




865,308 


382,754 


573,472 


274,988 


=^68,670 


2,275 


345,933 


227,539 


Worcester 


354,375 


127,837 


*25,460 


5,000 


158,297 


196,07S 


Balto. Cityt- 


57,113,941 


hl'o,743,483 


1,904,895 


35,200 


12,683,578 


44,430,363 


Total State .... 


$80,023,533 


$19,971,804 


$3,504,352 


$481,278 


$23,957,434 


$56,066,099 



t For calendar year 1946. 

* Includes debt service paid directly by county commissioners. 

a Excludes state funds as follows: for care of insane, $16,000; redemption of road bonds, $23,000; 
lateral roads gasoline tax $58,300. 

b Excludes $70,419 from State Roads Commission for road debt service, 
c Excludes $5,083 from State funds for welfare, forest fires, forestry, 
d Excludes $6,000 State hospital fund. 

e Includes receipts from State income tax and profits from liquor control board, 
f For period from July 1st to December 31st, 1946. 

g Debt service excludes refunding bonds totalling $200,648 for schools and $266,352 for other 
purposes. School debt service includes payment of a temporary loan of $44,500. 

h Excludes retirement for teachers of which $724,500 will be received from the State. 



LevYj 



Total 



AND FOR Schools; Percent of Levy for Schools 



139 



^^^^ 

rt O o 



O g C 



> 2 



ii 

(i)0 



_ o m 
— o o 
<3x: p- 



a: 



o y 



; o 00 CO i-i 
'; CO LO t- o t> 



iO00r}<CCC^J05a5^l'-Ti<.-i5<j(MC0eCt-05(Nt>0i(MOt- 



moo 



ic t- 00 1-1 i-H 1-1 CO 1-1 lo o X cc CO — I ^ 



;<r> o o ic o 
o 00 t- ;£> 
05 -<i< a; T}< 



^v^-^iCOOiOa50500>i-OlOrJ<t-00'*t-CgOOOOC- 
O^i-ii-nncOt-OOt-OC^CDt-OsCOi^Oi-iOt-COOOCO 
" (M 00 Oi m £35 O 1-1 t— 00 O in Tl" O 00 ^ Oi 00 £3i QC 



O (N . , 

00 lO t- 



^ UNJ «J tJ3 UJ W3 W ^ ^AJ w w ^ WJ utj 

' N in" «o" t> CO ci o" in cc 00 t> tjT in oo"" -t" c-' oo tjT (n 
co'^a5!Oi-iw«5ini-in<;D(N'*a5'-iint>coin 

t- OJCO 1-1 -f T-( N 1-1 1-1 O 1-1 i-it- 



CO 



s s 



b 01 

c w 



OCT> 1-1 a> th as (M N o o ^ (N 1-1 00 05 00 ^ 00 CO t- 1-1 o ^-i 

00 CO 5£> OS OS c<i CD 03 ;d <M to 00 o o !£i in in 00 05 in CO t)< 

w o_ o i> eo^ i--_ in o i-<_ t> o_ so in oi^ o_ oo^ oc__ t-^ os^ o 05_ 

o'l-Teoin t-^ in ?c cTi-Tt^ -^"t^ cc c^Ti-Tt^ t--'"o'?c"o' eo 

00 T}< o CO N C5 in a: (N T}< i-H (M 00 t- c- 1-1 m ?D o CO 00 CO i-i 

o_t> ^ eg ?D in i-" inco T^os w -^^in eo -H c<i CO in«D 

rvi'^o'in" 1-1 tth <Ni i-T b-T 



«c eg CO m 



TtTjiincgoinasint-cccool 
Oiin-^eoooegc^co-^eoooo 
c- t> eg co__ i> t> o ® 00^ 

in eg o CO o CO* in CO* a? to i-T 
o ^ t> Ti Tf 00 m eo eo eg 
t> i-( 1-1 CO 1-1 



oegooini-it-ooino5in 
oint-500500-^cot-in 
o eg^ i-j^ Oi^ oo__ c_ i-<_ «d 
in eg \a x ^ <n \a 
egosoi-i -f Tji 00 ,H t> 
as in eg rH 



^ in CO t- 
00 CO 
•^o^ai^t- 
•rf oi'cg'eg* 
c- ej CO eg 



CO CO 
o CO 
eg in 



3 o t> 
3 ai CO 

3 CO 

as"© 
eo m 
m i-f 



in 

rH 00 

CD 

in eg* 

CD 00 

Tj- a3 



t>t>cgi-icDi-ieooi-i 
inegwoinoioscDO 
o t> oi eg CD t- co^oo o 
-H-eg't-^ -T o'c-'rH Tfrf 
c^3 0cgccoocDOini-i 
'rfXTjcg-crocoi-icg 
^ « co-eg* 



in eg 

CD CO 

co__o_ 
■-ioo"! 

CD Tj< I 

egcgi 



eg in 
eo 



to I* 



4) O C 03 



•2^ * o Sir 



S S 



140 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 28 



PERCENT OF TOTAL 1945-46 (1946) TAX LEVIED BY 

couury and incorporated towns devoted to school purposes 



County 
CoTinty Average 

Charles 
Cecil 

Washlngtont 
Talbot 
Kentt 
Carroll 

Prince George's 

Wlccmico 

Howardt 

Caroline 

St. Mary's 

Queen Arme'e 

Frederlclct 

Calvert 

Allegany 

Montgomery 

BeltimoreT 

Worcester 

Soaaerset 

Harfordt 

Dorcbestert 

Gerrettt 

Anne Arundelt 

Baltimore Cltyt 

State Average 



□ Debt Service and 



Capital Outlay 




65.4 
58.? 
56.6 
49.7 
44.7 
45.4 
51.1 
50.3 
47.0 
43.4 
36.2 
41.8 
42.5 
47.7 
42.8 
37.5 
35.3 
36.8 
32.7 
47.7 
35.9 
35.6 
39.2 



52.3 .:: V 


[13 






4V9 .V ■ . 


5 8 1 




3 A. 4 










□ 3 



ax. 2 


■■■ 








■H 3S 


25.8 


13 4 




t Calendar year 1946. 



Percent Levied for Schools; Assessable Wealth Back of Each Pupil 141 



ASSESSABLE WEALTH BACK OF EACH PUBLIC SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING - 1944-45 



County 

Total County 

Baltimore 
Cecil 

Montgomery 

Harford 

Kent 

Talbot 

Frederick 

Washington 

Queen Anne's 

Carroll 

Wiccmico 

Prince George* 6 

Worcester 

Allegany 

Dorchester 

Howard 

Caroline 

Anne Arundel 

St. Mary's 

Gajrrett 

Soraerset 

Charles 

Calyert 

Baltimore City 
Total State 



194&-44 
^ 8,501 

13,610 
11,521 
11,525 
10,391 
8,560 
8,294 
8,046 
8,174 
8,448 
7,035 
7,180 
7,300 
6,688 
6,717 
5,955 
6,183 
5,596 
5,481 
5,032 
4,571 
3,950 
3,339 
3,364 

12,824 
10.056 



1944-45 



U.480 



U.3&8 



11.0r4 



8. (,53 



8An 



8.US 



T.5t3 



T,A99 



G.880 



(,.512. 



5.8X5 



5.490 



4.7 



4.108 



10.3£4 



142 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 117 ' 

Assessable Basis Taxable at Full Rate for County Purposes in 
Thousands of Dollars 



(Data Furnished by State Tax Commission) 



County 


*1923 


*1928 


1938 


*1943 


*1944 


^•1945 


Total Counties - 


$661,725 


$883,508 


$1,025,573 


$1,406,963 


$1,431,211 


$1,463,781 


Allegany 


69,886 


80,715 


*83,160 


96,661 


95,483 


95,812 


Anne Arundel 


30,692 


47,544 


*55,750 


65,137 


69,567 


a72,244 


Baltimore 


104,232 


157,654 


199,908 


359,802 


359,748 


a362,204 


Calvert 


4,427 


5,305 


6,181 


7,436 


7,316 


7,476 


Caroline 


14,027 


15,283 


*14,813 


lo,986 


16,244 


16,625 


Carroll 


33,382 


39,875 


38,633 


43,687 


43,419 


46,612 


Cecil i 


23,189 


30,408 


40,402 


51,873 


53,694 


a54,621 


Charles. 


8,394 


9,938 


10,145 


12,806 


12,937 


al4,109 


Dorchester 


18,987 


21,918 


26,403 


25,374 


25,424 


27,541 


Frederick. 


51,248 


65,234 


66,548 


72,231 


72,154 


73,607 


Garrett 


16,303 


21,653 


*19,661 


19,322 


19,390 


19,755 


Harford 


28,580 


39,763 


53,192 


65,719 


66,056 


a74,637 


Howard 


15,670 


18,063 


18,386 


20,957 


21,299 


21,684 


Kent 


14,519 


16,162 


*17,062 


18,254 


18,559 


18,600 


Montgomery 


45,503 


77,889 


109,635 


178,548 


181,243 


al81,733 


Prince George's 


33.651 


59,312 


77,260 


tl27,777 


$141,652 


al47,564 


Queen Anne's 


14,793 


16,692 


16,778 


18,858 


18,831 


18,013 


St. Mary's 


7,163 


8,289 


=1=9,084 


10,123 


10,077 


all,253 


Somerset 


10,609 


12,392 


11,920 


12,708 


12,992 


13,194 


Talbot 


16,927 


20,478 


21,682 


23,380 


23,332 


23,607 


Washington 


62,570 


72,908 


76,348 


100,732 


101,577 


100,783 


Wicomico 


20,394 


25,092 


*31,538 


36,826 


37,169 


38,480 


W orcester 


16,579 


20,941 


21,084 


22,766 


23,048 


23,627 


Baltimore City 


902,208 


1,255,978 


1,231,046 


1,418,502 


1,341,061 


al,408,412 


Total State 


$1,563,933 


$2,139,486 


$2,256,619 


$2,825,465 


$2,772,272 


$2,872,193 



* Includes reassessment figures. 

t Includes $5,206,661 for Greenbelt. 

X Includes $6,784,761 for Greenbelt, Calvert, Carry Houses and Maryhurst. 
a Includes assessments on Federal housing projects for which lump sum payments are made in 
lieu of taxes. 



Assessable Basis by Year and County 



143 



09 
© 



S s 

eS o 
« CO 

S 2| 

^ <» 

OS £ 
03 ^ 



o c 

01 
d 03 



ft, 3 

■|| 

eS ^ 




o o o 
« o 
Oi-T Tf* 
ec 00 CO 

(N O t- 



oooooooooooooooooooo 
t- (N 05_ aj_ <» ?D oq_ Tf 05^ m oq_ o_ ic 

t-" uo cT ctT 00 T-T eo' «d o" eg oo' oT ic o-* co* eo oo" a> 

1— OasCOt:-C<I'-iC^JOO'^(NOO«DiOt>0'<#00 00 
« ;D_.-i t- 0_ OC^OO,'-^ t> M CO CO^(M lO CO^T)<_VO 

-tiT^" ^"(m" c<r oo'^" 



o oo o 

«3 in o ^ 

O^^ 00^iO_«D_ 

00 (DOiOi 



ooooooooooooooooooooo 
o:(Xiooookoa5t>t>cgcoiocgoooo<Ni;ooco 
CT!Ooooot>c<icO'T<o^(Mi:ot>t>ooa500 i»_co__x 
o* CD c i" TjT oo" x" o" CO «o t(<'' rt of oo' co" ■^" 

^ T)< 00 (M «5 t> I> Tf rH i-HTfCOOOCO 

CO ^ C<I i-H r« i>] irt 1-1 t> t> in 



OO o 
CO in 1-1 
oo^in i-<^ 

t-"ici-r 

(N 00 CO 

05 Tjl 



lO O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O lO o o 

(M i-(i-(Ojc>oot-(Mioi-ia5-^iffiot~i-iMiooo;ot- 

<M__ in CD (M_ o_ (N in o_ (M_ co_ i-h co in th cd as ;o cd_ 
o 



o eo"c<roo"'-H"w"t-"co"o"r-r oo"-^"in"i-ri-ro"o"o"oc -^"oo" 

00 cc^incoo: int-a>c3(Moo-^inix>0'^c<ii-(a505 

eo_ '-<^'-*^co m T-<_cD oo__i-<_rH cD__in in in n< mom c^^in t> 

^— s fv-l — ( -r^ ^1 _^ 



O O O O 

(N oo__x^m 
co" cd'oTcd" 
CO ^00 
m i-i 00 m 
oo" oc"o"CTr 



o o 
00 CO 

(N 00 
CO 

05 00 

t- m 



; o o o o o m o 
: m o Oi 1— 1 1— I T)< m 
; o oo__o>^i-<_o^_cr;_^m__ 
: m (M"t>-"o"o5"o."m" 
; t- m 00 00 t- CO 
' CO 1-1 CO m (N 



o o o 

1-1 05 CO 
O 05_i-<^ 

oTco'co" 
co^M 



; o o o o o 

; CO O rj< CD CO 

: o_^cD_m__oo m^ 
i m"(M"(N"c<rt>" 
; t-os (M CO 00 
■osco^oioo 



o o o 
t- o 

O 1-1 



CO (>J (N 1-1 



o oi m CO 



ooooomooooo 
■-iooTfm(Ma5CDooit> 
t- eo o CO m i-^^t^ t> m w m 
oo" CO o CO of (m" m" i-J" CO cd" oo" 
^oo^Ti<cOTti-i-<a'coo 

1-1 C- i-(i-( CO (M ^ ^Oi-i 



o o o o o 

CD O rH CD O 

i-<^m^t> CD o 
m oo"oo"rH"co" 
00 o 11 c; CO 

(Mi-iC^^^^C^I 

(n" 



o o o o 
o t- OS 

^ 0(Mt- 



N CO 

co"' 



(M CO m 



<D fc" S +^ tn 
<u c3 5 3 

01 1-1 

Oh « 



oooocDt-02»-ioococomcoooot-ooo(Mco 
"Oco'-<i^,-ic-it--rj<-.^coi-ioot>oa3THm(Moo 

CO CD cD__^__(Ni CO oo_^-^__m m o CD CD im cts m oi 
V C-" oo" t-" in" Tt" ^" o' <N o" o" th (m" t»<" oo" oo" CO m" co" co' 
oot>mco^Ttoa30cocj5t-ocMC<icDcgt-Tj<CM 

rf< 00 -^"^^oo CO o^co (N m c- m t> cd_^cd oo oo t- 
o n" cd" ■^" oo" im" (>j" oo" m" oo" co" t>" co" o" o" i-T oc" o" o 

t-CO i-ieOi-KMrni-irTi-ii-ilMrHrH^iMt-COC^J 



0(N0 

oo__m^i-j_ 
Oi CO X 

t> CO 

a>"c<rt> 

t> CO CD 

IN* 1-1 



2 ca o o 

O CO — c 

o 



o«ocDt-a>coom-^comcoooO(NOcoc^co 
oot-t-i-i-^c<]cDo;i-ii-tmi-(t>coo5mmi-imco 
o o Tf ^^05 CO Ti< m_o^oo__co t> t-h m co '^.^ ^ 
cm"-'* m"m i-<"aro"cD"m"cD"'^"o"co"co"(M''-^"cD"co"art-" 
i-c*t-iMrHOr}<omcoooocortmo>ooot-c<i 
oocgi*cDcoi-imcot-cocDcomoiMi-icrt-T}<cD 



O (M O 
CD CD O 

00 eg co__ 
co"i-reo" 
o eg CO 
cg^co_^t> 
cg"i*"-H" 
CO m 00 

CO —I 



! 3 

or. ^ 

"43 C 

C O o; 

O c3"43 

0.2 C 

is So 



WO) 



o <a 



O C w 
;0<i 



i'S tt: & C C 05-^ fl; 



.2 « 



.s5 



i b 

i V 

! S 
to 

111 



i ! 



144 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 119 

Calculated County School Tax Rates and Published County Tax Rates, 1945-46 



County 



Total Counties.-- 

Equalization Fund Counties 

Allegany. 

Anne Arundelt 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Charles 

Dorchestert 

Frederickt 

Garrettt 

Harfordt 

Howardf .-. 

Kentt-... 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washingtont - 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Non-Equalization Fund Counties 

Baltimore! 

Cecil 

Montgomery... 

Baltimore Cityf 

Total State 



1945-46 Calculated County 
Tax Rate for School a 



Current 
Expenses 



$.645 

.688 

.841 
.729 
.605 
.582 
.575 
.588 
.581 
.618 
.591 

0.333 
.775 
.667 
.752 
.633 

X.514 
.592 
.572 
.747 
.715 

b.541 

.583 

.478 
.574 
.796 

.763 

$.702 



Debt 
Service 



$.110 

.122 

*.268 
.148 
*.234 
*.063 



.058 
.181 
.138 
.047 
^034 
.131 



.130 
.082 



*.060 
*.075 
*.112 
*.178 
*.108 

.092 

.078 
*.059 
=< .129 

*.135 

$.122 



Capital 
Outlay 



$.030 
.052 



.230 
.027 



.034 
.078 
.018 
.007 
.167 
.217 
.023 
.021 
.018 
.021 



006 
021 



.002 
$.017 



Total 



$.785 

.862 

1.109 
1.107 
.866 
.645 
.609 
.724 
.780 
.763 
.805 
.584 
.929 
.688 
.900 
.736 
x.514 
.652 
.647 
.859 
.899 
.670 

.675 

.556 
.633 
.925 

.900 

$.841 



Total 
Published 

County 
Tax Rate 

1945-46 



2.99 



$1 


77 


$.45-$l 


25 


1 


63 


.72- 4 


83 


1 


65 


.60- 1 


10 


1 


12 


.25- 


80 


1 


10 


.30- 1 


00 


1 


20 


.50- 


65 


1 


30 


.65- 1 


33 


1 


14 


.10- 1 


30 


1 


50 


.15- 


85 


o 


93 


.70- 


80 


1 


50 


.08 






90 


.40- 1 


05 


1 


55 


.15- 1 


98 


1 


02 


.35- 


90 


1 


40 


.80 




1 


00 


.15- 1 


48 


1 


00 


.70- 1 


00 


1 


22 


.37- 1 


00 


1 


20 


.40- 


75 


1 


00 


.55- 1 


20 


1 


22 


.03 




1 


00 


.40- 1 


33 


1 


50 


.12- 2 


18 



a Obtained by dividing county levy for school purposes by assessable basis taxable at the full 
rate for county purposes. 

t For calendar year 1946. 

* Levied directly by county commissioners. 

X Funds received from Federal government not included above help to meet 56 cent requirement 
for receipt of Equalization Fund. 

o Cavers only half year from July 1 to Dec. 31, 1945, for school current expense. 

b Will have to levy additional amoimt to meet $.56 requirement for receipt of Equalization 
Fund. 



Calculated School Tax Rates 
CHART 30 



145 



CALCDLATID COTJHTY TAX RATE - 1945-46 - FOR SCHOOL PURPOSES 
Coxmty Total 



I Current i 1 Debt Service and 

I Expense 1 I Capital Outlay 



County Arerag* ♦ «785 

^IlOT^Fund^^untfes .862 

Allegany 1,109 

Howardt .929 

Prince George's .900 

Washingtont .859 

Anne Aximdelt 1.107 

WlocBlco .899 

Eentt .688 

Queen Anna's .736 

Ptederlckt .763 

Calrert ,866 

Sonereet ,65£ 

Gerrettt ,805 

Charles .724 

Caroline .645 

Dorohestert ,780 

Carroll .609 

Talbot .647 

Worcester ,670 

St. Maiy's .514 

Harfordt .584 



Arerage - Non-Eaual-, .675 
izatlon Fund Counties 




State Arerage 



.841 



.1Z2. 


■■■i^^^H J-48 


.T47 


I^HHIHil ±12 


.729 




.TIS 


■■■l^H .184 




■^^■B.ozi 








llontgonexy 


.925 


1 .T9<o 




■ 1 


Cecil 


.633 


1 .STA 






Baltimoret 


.556 


1 -ATS 












Baltimore Cityt 


.900 















t Calendar year 1946, 

* Will have to levy additional amount to meet $.56 requirement of Equalization Fund. 
X St. Mary's receives $12,000 for school purposes from Federal government which will brine it ud 
to the Equalization point. 

t Covers only half year from July 1, 1946 to Dec. 31, 1946. 



146 1945 Report op Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 31 



STATE INDIVIDDAL XNCXStE TAX PER CAPITA IN MARYLAND COUNTIES - 1944-45 
County 
County Average 

Montgomery 
Baltimore 
Queen Anne's 
Talbot 
Washington 
Anne Arundel 
Cecil 
Howard 
Harford 

Prince George's 
Wicanico 
Worcester 
Dorchester 
Frederick 
Allegany 
Kent 
Carroll 
CHroline 
Charles 
Somerset 
Calvert 
St. Mary's 
Garrett 

Baltimore City 
State Average 




Individual Income Tax per Capita; County P.-T.A.'S; School Funds 147 
Fii3-vi Other than Public Sources 



TABLE 120 

Parent-Teacher Associations in County White and Colored Schools 



County 



Total andCounty 
Average 



Anne Arundel.... 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Charles 

Calvert 

Prince George's 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Washington 

Somerset 

Queen Anne's.... 

Wicomico 

Frederick 

Worcester 

Harford 

Talbot 

Cecil 

Dorchester 

Garrett 

St. Mary's 



White Schools 



Number 



^944 1945 



421 

30 
10 
12 
42 
45 
8 
5 
6 
44 
19 
29 
19 
11 
20 
16 
21 
10 
23 
8 
12 
15 
15 
1 



416 

31 
11 
13 
45 
42 



Percent 



1944 1945 



70.6 

100.0 
90.9 
92.3 
97.7 

100.0 
88.9 
62.5 
85.7 
83.0 
86.4 
69.0 
40.4 
73.3 

100.0 

100.0 
70.0 

100.0 
59.0 
61.5 
46.2 
53.6 
28.8 
5.9 



70.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
93.3 
88.9 
87.5 
85.7 
83.0 
78.3 
71.4 
68.2 
66.7 
65.0 
62.5 
61.3 
60.0 
54.3 
53.8 
52.0 
42.9 
39.2 
13.3 



County 



Total and County 
Average _ 



Calvert _.. 

Cecil 

Ciiarles 

Kent 

Montgomery... 
Prince George'i 
Queen Anne's.. 

Talbot 

Washington 

Worcester 

Anne Arundel 

kWicomico 

Howard 

Baltimore 

Harford 

Carroll. 

Dorchester. 

Frederick. 
Somerset. 
St. Mary's. 

Caroline 

Allegany.... 



Colored Schools 



Number 


Percent 


1944 


1945 


1944 


1945 


266 


258 


89 


9 


88 


7 


12 


17 


66 


7 


100 





6 


5 


100 





100 





19 


19 


100 





100 





9 


6 


100 





100 





20 


20 


100 





100 





41 


40 


100 





100 





14 


14 


100 





100 





8 


10 


80 





100 








1 








100 





11 


10 


100 





100 





38 


37 


97 


4 


94 


9 


11 


10 


100 





90 


9 


5 


7 


62 


5 


87 


5 


15 


14 


93 


8 


82 


4 


14 


13 


87 


5 


72 


2 


5 


4 


83 


3 


66 


7 


12 


8 


100 





66 


7 


5 


6 


55 


6 


66 


7 


9 


6 


81 


8 


66 


7 


9 


9 


69 


2 


64 


3 


2 


2 


50 





50 





1 





50 


.0 









TABLE 121 — Net Receipts and Expenditures from Sources Other than 
County Public Funds for County White and Colored Schools, 1944-45 



County 



Gross 
Receipts 



Net 
Receipts 



Expenditures 
from Net 
Receipts 



Balance 
June 30, 1945 



Total 

Allegany* 

Anne Arundel*} 

Baltimore! 

Calvert... 

Caroline*}-. 
Carroll*t 

Cecil* 

Charles* 

Dorchester*} ..... 
Frederick* 
Garrett* . 

Harford*} 

Howard*.. 

Kent*. 

Montgomery*... 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's* 

St. Mary's* 

Somerset*! 

Talbo't*t 

Washington*}... 

Wicomico* 

Worcester*! 



$987,187.82 



425,665.24 



13,762.41 
156.620.75 



59,959.87 
39,'89b;99 



31,549.53 
35,916.94 
223,822.09 



$459,852.94 


$272,939.59 


6,495.91 


6,495.91 


20,656.29 


20,656.29 


159,835.61 


68,072.59 


8,416.19 


7,700.07 


56,633.25 


37,063.26 


424.48 


424.48 


1,050.00 


1,050.00 


20,090.64 


13,174.68 


9,496.67 


9,496.67 


1,332.75 


1,332.75 


32,907.29 


23,826.13 


4,681.17 


4,681.17 


625.98 


625.98 


623.53 


623.53 


5,323.90 


5,323.90 


87.89 


87.89 


22,589.34 


15,284.04 


13,957.40 


10,004.92 


75,009.84 


34,197.61 


2,648.75 


2,648.75 


16,966.06 


10,168.97 



$186,913.35 



91,763.02 



716.12 
19,569.99 



6,915.96 



7,305.30 
3,952.48 
40,812.23 

'6,797.'()9 



* Receipts and expenditures that were removed from the financial report, 
t Receipts and expenditures reported separately by the coxmty. 



148 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



COUNTY AND STATE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION 

The salary of a Maryland county superintendent as fixed in 
the State minimum salary schedule depends on size of teaching staff 
and years of experience. Counties, however, may and in most 
instances do pay salaries above those in the minimum salary schedule. 
Salaries for 1944-45 ranged from $3,500 in the county paying the 
lowest salary, to $7,000 and $9,500 in the three counties paying the 
highest salaries, the average salary being $5,030 and the median 
$4,600. In fourteen of the counties salaries were higher than in the 
year preceding. (See Table XIV, page 242). 

There were twelve counties with fewer than 150 teachers, two 
having from 150 to 199 teachers, and nine with 200 or more teach- 
ers. The average number of teachers per county was 235, while 
the median county had 148 teachers. The smallest county had 67 
teachers and the largest 674. In several counties the number of 
teachers was smaller than if should have been because there were 
not enough teachers available to fill vacancies. Several counties 
which would have had more than 200 teachers had they not carried 
forward a policy of school consolidation and transportation have 
replaced the additional problems of a large teaching staff with those 
of the transportation service. (See Table X, page 242). 



Conferences of the State Department StaflF 

Regular staff conferences were held September 7 and Novem- 
ber 3, 1944, and January 5, March 9, and May 4, 1945. At the first 
conference current developments and new fields of emphasis for the 
school year 1944-45 were presented by members of the staff who had 
changes to bring to the attention of the remaining members. 

Dr. Pullen started out with the proposition that we were con- 
cerned with "education" which is actually a continuous process 
which goes on throughout life and recognizes no artificial divisions 
between elementary and secondary, college or adult education. 

Dr. Pullen gave data showing Maryland's high rank among the 
states in financial ability measured by income payments per capita 
and per child of school age, but its low rank in relation between cur- 
rent expenditures for public schools and total estimated income pay- 
ments. The eleven-year program, large classes, the low upper age 
level for compulsory school attendance and attendance in non- 
public schools all tend to lower Maryland's rank in effort. Mary- 
land ranks low in per cent of children of ages 14-17 in public high 
schools explained in part by the eleven-year program, the low upper 
compulsory school attendance age, and the number of small high 
schools in which the program is not adapted to meet the needs of 
all children. 



Salaries of County Superintendents; Needs of Maryland's Schools; 149 
Child Care; Objectives for Elementary School Children 

We need to work out a broader program of- adult education, a 
program which will meet the needs of the large group of boys and 
girls who drop out of high school before graduation, perhaps a part- 
time work program, but some plan for equalizing the opportunities 
of all children. 

The parents are supporting a campaign for smaller classes, a 
twelve-year system, library facilities for all of the counties, a broad 
program for adult education including forums and more enlighten- 
ment for citizens, and closer coordination between parents, teachers, 
and school officials. 

What should a good adult education include? Not only educa- 
tional and recreational opportunities to meet the needs of the com- 
munity including preparation of adults who have missed a high 
school education and wish to obtain a high school equivalence certi- 
ficate, but also provision for education of horrie-bound adults. 

There will be 200,000 veterans in Maryland of whom 25,000 
will probably want to take advantage of further education. They are 
eligible to one month of education for every month in the service 
plus $50 for maintenance if single and $75 if married. 

Mrs. Jacobs reported on the situation in Maryland child-care 
centers which enrolled 934 children in 33 centers in 9 counties in 
August 1944, compared with between 700 and 800 in 20 centers the 
year before. The centers are housed in school buildings, private 
dwellings, a fire house and church basements, thus showing outstand- 
ing use of available facilities. Equipment for the centers was pur- 
chased in units with Federal Lanham Act funds. The child-care 
program will expand if it meets a need. In addition to caring for the 
physical needs of the children, an activity program has been pro- 
vided. 

Miss Alder classified her objectives for 1944-45 under four 
headings: 

1. Adjusting the teaching program to the needs of children 

2. Course of study reconstruction 

3. Pupil-teaching planning 

4. Adjustment of new staff members. 

Plans made for knowing the needs of children include use of 
reading readiness tests with first grade pupils so that the type of 
programi offered these children may be fitted to the stage of develop- 
ment indicated. A mimeographed bulletin full of suggestions for 
giving children not ready to read the kind of experiences which 
would fit their level, and assembling ideas for chart reading for those 
who were ready to read was prepared for the use of the supervisors. 
(See page 174). 

In course of study reconstruction the counties are varying their 
approach. Some have had a workshop. The supervisors of one 
county worked on program reconstruction at Columbia. In some of 
our social studies curricula some areas are too difficult and too far 



150 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

removed from the experience of children. There is much material 
which can be built around children's experiences in such areas, for 
example, as recreation, safety and conservation, if time is provided 
to make it possible. 

In pupil-teacher planning the child is helped to realize the whole 
progi-am toward which he is working and, therefore, knows about 
and takes a gi'eater interest in what he is doing. 

In adjustment of new staff members, new teachers, including 
high school gi-aduates and teachers college students used as cadets, 
must be given special attention. There are six new county ele- 
mentary school super\isors in 1944^5 added to the six new ones for 
the year preceding. 

Dr. Hawkins reported on the two-day conference held to discuss 
the new overall high school report, public relations, and what the 
high schools should offer. 

The high schools are expanding the offering of pre-induction 
courses to meet the needs for constant replacements in the armed 
ser\'ices. Of those who become 18 each month approximately 60 to 
70 percent will qualify for military ser\ice. Pupils desiring to drop 
out of school are being urged to remain. Those responsible for basic 
training report that soldiers \vith. at least a high school backgi'ound 
d"> better in 14 weeks of basic training than those \\ith less high 
school training. Here are some of the reasons: 

They can comprehend technical material in less time \nth less energy. 

The fundamentals of map reading have to be understood sufficiently so 
that a sketch drawing can be made of terrain, or a map can be made and an 
intelligent report of terrain can be brought back. In this instruction, teachers 
of art, science, social studies, Enghsh and mathematics can be helpful. 

In biology' soldiers need to study a technical manual regarding the use 
and treatment of foods which vdll keep them well and poisonous plants to 
guard against. 

In chemistry there is need for knowledge regarding chemical mines. 

From physics pre-induction courses pro\-ide instruction in the funda- 
mentals of electricity and machines. 

In physical conditioning students prior to induction should be given five 
hours a week including 25 minutes of straight setting up exercises without 
a break, rope climbing, obstacle courses, swimming, military drill and facings. 

In communication refresher courses in reading, writing, speaking, and 
reporting a mission, point up what the English teacher can contribute to the 
inductee. 

Pre-induction courses on orieyitation to the serrices are of great help in 
preparing inductees on what they must expect to go through. 

The social studies teacher contributes to the inductee an understanding 
of causes of this I'.'ar. 

The mathematics teacher gives refresher courses in simple computation, 
vieasuring distance, space dimensions, speed, etc. 

Tours to camps and \ arious bulletins have been pro\'ided as well as 
a reading and counseling room for use of teachers in planning the 
necessary training. 

^Iv. Thompson reported that disabled veterans with pension 
claims who have a vocational handicap are entitled to vocational 
rehabilitation under the Veteran's Administration. Since a veteran 



High Schools; Vocational Rehabilitation; Vocational Education; 151 
Training for War and Food Production; School Lunches 

may receive $92 if single, $103.50 if married, and $109 if married with 
one child during the period of rehabilitation, it is natural that he 
should use this service rather than that under the State Department 
of Education where the maximum maintenance allowance is $18 
a week with the actual allowance based on financial need. 

Mr. Seidel reported on various bills being considered by Con- 
gress which would liberalize aid now available for vocational educa- 
tion under the Smith-Hughes and George-Deen Acts by providing 
funds for equipment, supervision, and maintenance of equipment 
for existing and new services. 

Mr. James reviewed the fifth year of the Federal program for 
War Production Training and gave figures on the number of in- 
dividuals who had received training in preemployment and up- 
grading courses. (See Table 8"^, page 105). He also told of the out- 
of -school youth courses for adults and those organ^'zed for high school 
seniors in 12 counties. The equipment necessary to conduct these 
courses had been placed in many shops in the schools and would be 
available for the regular high school program. For expenditures for 
equipment, see Table 83, page 105. Courses in foreman training, 
training of instructors, safety, industrial relations, public relations 
are desired by a number of industries, notably the refrigeration 
industry, aircraft, etc. 

Mr. Ward told of the canning program in the schools in the 
rural areas in which pressure cookers and tin cans were used and the 
program for the repair of farm machinery which was part of the Food 
Production program financed from Federal funds. Dr. Cotterman 
and Miss Amery helped with these programs. 

Miss Amery discussed the Federally aided school lunch program 
which is designed to provide nutritious school lunches low in cost 
and also to use up farm surplus commodities. The emphasis should 
be placed on how to feed children properly. Provision of the school 
lunch per se will not solve malnutrition. 

There were three bills providing funds for school lunches be- 
fore Congress. The bill sponsored by the educational officials in- 
cluded aid for supervision of school lunches. The P. T. A.'s are in- 
terested in the improvement of school lunches and the installation 
of equipment so that the lunch can be prepared properly. The bill 
sponsored by the War Food Administration providing for $50,000,000 
without provision for supervision passed. The only home economist 
on their staff is no longer employed. 

Half of the $200,000 available for Maryland county public 
schools has been spent in Allegany County and the rest in the colored 
schools. The Health Department is interested in sanitation in con- 
nection with provision of school lunches. They employ two nutrition- 
ists who spend considerable time talking to parents and teachers. 
The Red Cross is also inferested. Miss Amery is a member of the 
State nutrition committee. She would like to interest the County 
Superintendents in the problem. Ten of the managers of school 
cafeterias in the counties met for a week to discuss their problems. 



152 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



At the Staff conference on January 5, 1945, Mr. Thompson 
described the current program of vocational rehabilitation. As a 
result of legislation by Congress in October 1943, Federal funds be- 
came available to take over 100 percent of all operating, administra- 
tive, and guidance costs. Prior to that time the Federal government 
had matched funds provided by the State government for these 
purposes. In addition. Federal funds are available to match 
State funds for case services to disabled civilians. This Federal 
legislation extended the rehabilitation program to the blind, tuber- 
culous, cardiac, those having glandular difficulties, and other groups 
of handicapped individuals previously considered ineligible to service. 
Federal funds total $52,000 and State funds $25,000. If State funds 
were as much as $42,000 the Federal government would match 
them for case services. 

In 1943-44 there were 1,300 cases of unemployed handicapped 
individuals 16 years or over who had a disability permanent in 
nature which was an employment handicap. Each person is given 
a medical examination. The diagnosis deals with medical, educational 
and employment needs, and is followed by vocational, social, and 
educational guidance. Vocational training is given in approved train- 
ing institutions and industrial establishments. If living maintenance 
and transportation are required beyond regular facilities, a maximum 
of $18 per week may be allowed. Part of the cost of medical and 
surgical treatments or of artificial limbs, braces, hearing aids and 
other prosthetic devices may be paid. Also equipment or tools to 
make it possible to start out on his own may be allowed but title 
to them remains with the service. Assistance in finding employment 
and supervision for a limited time are given while getting estab- 
lished in employment. 

The Vocational Rehabilitation Service has cooperative agree- 
ments with the following social agencies: 

The Crippled Children's Services of the State Department of 
Health takes care of the physical needs of individuals up to 
age 21. 

The Maryland League for Crippled Children and Adults pro- 
vides services supplementary to those furnished by the Voca- 
tional Rehabilitation Service, chiefly for Baltimore City cases. 

The U. S. Employment Service has a psychologist and test 
materials and makes special provisions for placement of the 
handicapped. 

The Industrial Accident Commission is in touch with individuals 

suffering from industrial accidents. 
The Departments of Public Welfare in City and counties help 

maintain cases. 

The various hospitals are reimbursed on the costs basis for 
hospital care. There is an Advisory Committee on hospital 
service. The allowance at Johns Hopkins Hospital is $7.44 a 
day. 

Mr. George Keller, rehabilitation assistant for work with the 
blind, who was appointed in June 1944, explained that Maryland 
is one of twelve states which offer such service as a part of the 



The Vocational Rehabilitation Program; "The Public and Its Schools" 153 

regular rehabilitation service for the handicapped. In the past blind 
individuals had been referred to the Maryland Workshop for the 
Blind, which handles the stand concessions. The Randolph Shepherd 
Act of 1937 provided that the blind should have exclusive right 
to the stand concessions in all government buildings. 

The Vocational Rehabilitation Service is sponsoring training 
in industrial work for the blind. It was first developed by the 
Canadian National Institute. Mr. Klunk is chief of the Federal 
service in Washington. Some of those who take the training in 
industry make remarkable adjustments and perform better than 
sighted individuals. They may earn very good salaries. Their con- 
fidence and outlook are very much improved. 

Mr. Fontaine started his presentation of school publicity by a 
quotation from Professor Briggs: ''Education is a long term in- 
vestment by the State. " He presented the following points included 
in "The Pubhc and Its Schools," a Maryland School Bulletin pub- 
lished in November, 1944. See pages 183-4. 

The public relations program must be continuous and not spasmodic. 

Everyone including school people and the lay public must be ready to 
function at every available opportunity. 

All agencies of sound publicity must be utilized: The press, the radio, 
conferences, speeches, exhibits, graduation exercises, the school paper. 

School people, including teachers, must be familiar with the needs, 
problems and purposes of the schools, and with what the pubhc should know 
about its schools. 

The State annual report contains much valuable material which should 
be interpreted and presented. 

The county newspaper, the county annual report, personal conferences 
with key people, a community forum, meetings of the parent teacher associa- 
tions, all are media for getting over the message of education's needs. 

Through it all the importance of the teacher in the school's program 
must be stressed. 

At the staff conferences on March 9 and May 4, 1945, questions 
regarding the summer conference to be held at Towson to initiate 
plans for the twelve-year program were presented and discussed. 
A summary of this discussion is included under High School Super- 
vision on pages 185 to 186. 

Conferences of the County Superintendents with the State Department Staff 

The conferences of the county superintendents with the staff 
of the State Department of Education were held September 15, 
in October, when the President of the State Board of Education, 
Mr. Tasker G. Lowndes, presented "A Proposed Progi^am of Educa- 
tion for Maryland" and later during the legislative session as oc- 
casion demanded. Fewer conferences of the usual sort were held 
because the county superintendents set up their own organization 
and arranged for a series of meetings to be held in various centers 
throughout the State with outside speakers financed from fees which 
were contributed by each county. 



154 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



At the superintendents' conference on September 15, the State 
program was discussed, representatives of the Parent-Teachers 
Association and the State Teachers Association being present and 
participating. 

Maryland is one of the wealthier states and is able to pay for 
good educational opportunities. It ranked fourteenth in income pay- 
ments per capita in 1943 and 1944, the amount being $1,200 in 1943 
and $1,210 in 1944. California, Washington, New York. Con- 
necticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Nevada, Illinois, Michigan, Oregon, 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Ohio were the states having 
higher per capita income payments than Maryland in 1944. In 
income pa^^nents per child of school age in 1943 Maryland with 
$5,851 ranked twelfth, Ohio and Michigan of the states listed above 
falling below Maryland. Maryland also ranked among the wealthier 
states in latest reports on payments of Federal income tax. 

In financial effort made to support public schools measured by 
the percent which total school current expenses were of total esti- 
mated income payments in 1943, Maryland with .93 ranked lowest 
among the states. In relative effort required to provide $105 per 
pupil in average daily attendance in 1942-43, Maryland ranked 41st 
among the states with the necessity of making only 68 per cent of 
the effort actually made in the United States as a whole. To provide 
$105 per child of school age Maryland would have had to make 16 
per cent more effort than it actually made in supporting pubhc 
schools in 1942-43 and in this it ranked 37 among the states. In 
average current expenditure per pupil for public schools in 1942-43, 
Maryland with $94 ranked 29th among the States. In per cent of 
school revenue receipts from State funds Maryland ranked 21 
in 1929-30 with 17.3 percent. Despite an increase to 21.9 percent 
in 1939-40, its rank was 26 in 1939-10, and in 1941-42 with 23.8 
percent it had dropped in rank to 28, because other states had in- 
creased relatively more in per cent of State aid for schools. 

Maryland does not rank high among the states in the per cent 
of total state expenditures given to education. 

Educational deficiencies in Maryland 

Prior to 1941 — there were low salary scales for colored 
teachers. Despite bonuses paid, salary scales are not sufficiently 
high to hold teachers or attract them to teachers colleges since 
the emergency. 

Number of children per teacher in elementary schools is 
much too high and higher than all except one or two states — 
Mississippi and North Carolina. 

Length of course only 11 years in 20 counties. Most states 
have 12 years and some have 14 and 15. 

A high percentage of children not in school due to eleven- 
year course, the low upper limit for compulsory school attend- 
ance, lack of vocational courses to interest the non-academic 
minded pupil. 



Conference of Superintendents on Needs of Maryland's Schools 155 

The cost of correcting the deficiencies 

The equalizing principle must not be violated. Baltimore 
County, Baltimore City, and Montgomery County have much 
more money back of each pupil than the remaining counties 
in the State. The financially poor counties must be given aid in 
relation to need and financial ability to meet need. 

The State collects income taxes and returns one-fourth col- 
lected from each county to the county and incorporated towns. 
The part kept by the State and other funds are collected by the 
State and in the school program distributed in accordance with 
need and ability to meet need. The State needs to share more 
in any expansion of the school program. 

The cost of teachers' salaries depends on the salary schedule 
set up. There are approximately 9,000 teachers in the State. 
If $200 additional is provided per teacher the cost will be 
$1,800 000. 

The twelve-year system will cost eventually $700,000 for 
the additional group who will stay in school. 

A reduction in the size of elementary school classes to 35 
in average daily attendance per teacher will cost $350,000. 
Because of lack of building facilities and lack of graduates from 
the teachers colleges, reduction in class size cannot be accom- 
plished everywhere immediately. 

We must build up public understanding of the unmet needs 
of children. One way proposed for getting more teachers is to 
provide scholarships to the teachers colleges or to eliminate the 
tuition fee charged white students. A permanent salary in- 
crease with advancement for satisfactory experience should help 
entrants into the teachers colleges to feel that it is worth their 
time and effort to train for the teaching profession. 

Improvement in public and school Hbrary facilities is an 
immediate necessity. The State Planning Commission has been 
studying the needs and has prepared a report which will be 
issued soon. 

For the future there must be expansion of adult education, 
vocational education, physical education, recreation and the health 
program. The need was presented for county high school super- 
visors, an adequate staff of attendance workers for the larger coun- 
ties paid in accordance with a regular salary schedule, and more 
adequate county staffs in the way of trained psychologists. 

Mrs. Stanley G. Cook, president of the P. T. A., told of the 
State meeting in July 1944, at which the parent-teacher association 
pledged support for legislation for the twelve-year system and plans 
for putting it into effect in each county; reduction of elementary 
school teacher load from 40 to 35; teacher time for extra-curricular 
activities, study-halls, and supervised play; a revision of the salary 
schedules, increased enrollment at the teachers colleges with a 
waiver of tuition. They are planning to appear before the legislative 



156 1945 Report of Mar^xand State Department of Education 



council. They have scheduled a meeting in Hagerstown November 
1-2, to highlight the educational needs with an address by a rep- 
resentative of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. They are planning a 
panel discussion in collaboration with the American Association of 
University Women at Goucher College during Education Week. 
A series of weekly broadcasts over WBAL on Saturday afternoons 
or Sunday mornings will be entitled ''Backing up the Guns." They 
are planning to use some sound projectors and to form a Speakers' 
Bureau. 

Mr. Thomas W. Pyle spoke of the plans of the State Teachers 
Association in raising the level of educational opportunities in Mary- 
land. The teachers look to the superintendents for leadership. But 
the teachers have close contact with the parents. There are 8,000 
in the organization. He thought that when the scope, extent, and 
procedure for the educational program was determined the advisory 
council made up of representatives of the teaching staff in each county 
should be called together to get their approval and give them the 
necessary information. The teachers and parents are interested in 
education as never before. 

A Proposed Program of Education in Maryland 

Early in the school year the President of the State Board of 
Education presented to the county superintendents "A Proposed 
Program of Education for Maryland" adopted by the State Board 
of Education and presented to the Governor, the General Assembly 
and the People of Maryland, which was published as a State Depart- 
ment bulletin in December 1944. The program grew out of the 1941 
School Survey and study made by the State Superintendent and the 
staff of the State Department of Education of ways of improving 
the educational opportunities in Maryland. In addition to a general 
discussion of the need for education in a democracy and ways of 
financing it the following problems were taken up: 

1. Reduction in Class Size of Elementary School, (see page 
154). 

2. An Extended School Program of 12 Years for 20 Counties. 

3. Attracting High School Graduates to the Teacher Training 
Institutions — Elimination of Tuition Fees. 

4. Teachers' Salary Schedule. 

5. School and Public Libraries — Division of Library Extension 
in State Department of Education. 

6. Program of the Schools. 

A. Physical Education and Health — Closer cooperation 
with health department. 

B. Vocational Education. 

C. Broad Curriculum Offerings. 

D. Guidance. 

E. Work Experience and Part-time Education. 

F. Visual Education. 

G. School Lunch Program. 



Proposed Program for Maryland's Schools; Changes in Certification 157 

Requirements 

7. Radio Education. 

8. Adult Education in Evening Schools and in Short Courses. 

9. Junior Colleges. 

10. High School Equivalence Examinations. 

11. Vocational Rehabilitation. 

12. Special Classes. 

13. Education for Returning Veterans. 

14. Retraining War Workers for Civilian Education. 

15. Kindergartens and Pre-school Education. 

16. Use of School Buildings. 

17. Planning, Construction, and Financing "of School Buildings. 

18. Local Administration and Supervision: 
Administrative Assistance For Large Schools 

High School and Special Non-teaching Principals 

Supervision Clerical Assistance 

Attendance Officers Training and Protection of 

Salary of Colored Supervisors School Employees 
Teachers Retirement System Reciprocity 
Transportation Standards and Safety 

19. Licensing of Schools. 

20. State Department of Education. 

21. State Teachers Colleges. 

22. Financial Policy. 

23. Parent-Teacher Associations — Public Relations. 



Changes in Certification Requirements 

As a result of recommendations of the certification committee of 
the county superintendents, discussion and action by the superin- 
tendents, the State Board of Education authorized the adjustments 
shown below in italics for war emergency certificates: 

By-law 38 

1' War Emergency High School Teacher's Non-Degree Certificate in Academic 
Subjects, for which two years of college work with approximately ten semester 
hours in the subject to be taught shall be required. (Approved by the State 
Board of Education, December 21, 1944.) 

1" \Var Emergency Non-Degree Vocational-Industrial Shop Teacher's Certi- 
tificate, for which at least three years of trade or industrial experience beyond 
apprenticeship in the trade which the applicant is to teach shall be required. 
(Approved by the State Board of Education, February 15, 1945.) 

The State Board passed the following regulation with regard to 
emergency renewals of certificates in 1945: 

EMERGENCY RENEWALS IN 1945 

In 1945 a certificate which is held by a teacher in service in the Mary- 
land schools and for which the full requirement has been met, may, upon the 
recommendation of the Superintendent, be renewed for two years without 
summer school credits. If summer school credits are presented, renewal 
will be for the regular four-year or six-year 'period. (Approved by the State 
Board of Education, February 15, 1945.) 



158 1945 R:^PORT of Maryland State Dzpartmen of Educattion 



Changes in Allowances for Teachers' Absence from School 
The State Board of Education on October 20, 1944, repealed 
paragraph 6 of By-law 44, as requested by the county superintendents. 

As a result of study by the Teacher Welfare Committee of the 
County Superintendents, discussion and action by the county super- 
intendents, the State Board of Education adopted the following 
provisions regarding allowances for teachers absent from school 
to take effect September 1, 1945: 

By-law 44 

6. Every regularly employed teacher who shall submit to the county board 
of education satisfactory proof of illness requiring absence from school shall be 
paid the full salary up to ten days for the days absent from school. At the discre- 
tion of the county board of education, full or partial salary for a longer period of 
absence on account of illness may be paid. Deductions for each day lost because of 
personal illness beyond the number for which the full salary is paid shall be de- 
termined by dividing the yearly salary by three hundred. 

For each day's absence without good and sufficient reason accepted by the 
county board of education, the board shall deduct at least one three-hundredths 
of the salary. 

No time lost by the teacher, whether for illness or for any other cause, shall 
be made up on Saturdays or on legal holidays or in extra hours. The days of absence 
and the cause therefor shall be noted in the monthly report and the secretary of 
the county board of education shall keep the correct record of the same in appro- 
priate form. 

On the death of a child, parent, brother, sister, husband, wife, or of any one 
who has lived regularly in the household of a teacher, such teacher shall be al- 
lowed four calendar days of absence from school without loss of salary. 

The effective date of this by-law shall be September 1, 1945. (Approved by 
the State Board of Education December 21, 1944.) 

Changes in Allowance of State Aid for Special Teachers in High School 

The State Board of Education added the following new section 
to By-law 61, to provide for State aid for teachers employed for 
library and guidance services for schools varying in size and for the 
portion of the time spent in coordinating and supervisory service 
outside the school by teachers of distributive education or diversified 
occupations in accordance with the provisions of Section 189 of 
Article 77: 



Schools having 
enrollment of 



Library 
Service 



Guidance Distributive Ed- 



Service 



100 or less 
101—200 
201—300 
301—400 
401 or more 
500 or more 

(Approved by the State Board of Education, December 21, 1944. 



.2 


.2 


.4 


.4 


.6 


.6 


.8 
1.0 


.8 
1.0 



ucation or 
Diversified 
Occupations 



CertiPcation, Experience, and Training for Teachers in Junior High Schools 

The State Board of Education passed a resolution affecting the 
teaching staff to be recruited for junior high schools provided for by 
1945 legislation amending Sections 186 and 187 of Article 77: 



Teachers' Absence from School; State Aid for Library and Guidance; 159 
Junior High School Teachers; Rules for School Buses 

RESOLVED THAT for the time being while junior high schools 
are being inaugurated in Maryland counties which had previously not 
had this type of institution, experienced elementary school teachers or 
teachers holding high school teachers' certificates may be employed 
for junior high school work. It is urged that as far as practicable all 
teachers chosen for junior high schools shall have had approximately 
four years of college work. It is perhaps preferable also that teachers 
whose preparation has been in the elementary field be assigned chiefly 
to work in the first two years of the junior high school. Provided further 
that until the program is developed, both the elementary school teacher's 
certificate and the high school teacher's certificate shall (institute valid 
certificates for the junior high school work. (Approved by the State 
Board of Education, May 29, 1945.) 

Rules and Regulations for School Bus Transportation 

The State Board of Education passed tentatively on February 
15 and in final form on May 29, 1945, the following rules and reg- 
ulations regarding school bus transportation: 

By-law 65 — Standard Rules and Regulations Governing Public 
School Transportation for the State of Maryland* 
I. Specifications Governing New School Bus Equipment 
A. Chassis 

1. Axle — The axle specifications shall be as follows: 

a. Front axle: Shall have a gross weight rating at the ground accord- 
ing to the chassis manufacturer's rating, equal to or exceeding that 
portion of the total load which is supported by the front axle. The 
chassis manufacturer's rating shall be furnished by the chassis 
manufacturer to all state departments of education. 

b. Rear axle: Shall be of full-floating type and have a gross weight 
rating at the ground according to the chassis manufacturer's rating 
equal to or exceeding that portion of the total load which is sup- 
ported by rear axle. The chassis manufacturer's rating shall be 
furnished by the chassis manufacturer to the State Department of 
Education. 

2. Battery — Storage battery, as established by the manufacturer's 
rating, shall be of sufficient capacity to care for starting, lighting, 
signal devices, heater and other electrical equipment. No bus shall 
be equipped with a battery of less than 120 ampere-hours measured at 
a twenty-hour rate. Battery shall be mounted outside body shell. 

3. Brakes — Four-wheel brakes, adequate at all times to control the bus 
when fully loaded, shall be provided. 

a. Foot or service brake: Shall be capable of stopping the complete 
unit (i.e., wet chassis weight plus body weight plus driver's weight, 
without pupils) from the initial brake application within 22 feet 
when driven at a speed of 20 miles per hour over a dry level road 
having approximately .6 coefficient of friction and whose surface is 
free from loose materials. This stopping ability to be determined by 
test with an approved decelerometer or other instrument which 
indicates brake effectiveness in units that are convertible into rate 
of deceleration. 

b. Hand or emergency brake: Shall be of the hand lever type and shall 
be manually operated. It shall be provided in addition to the service 
brake, or shall be an entirely separate mechanical operating mechan- 
ism to be connected at least to the rear service brake shoes. It shall 
be capable of stopping the complete unit (i.e., wet chassis weight 
plus body weight plus driver's weight, without pupils), from the 
initial brake application within 50 feet when driven at a speed of 

* By-law 65 will probably be revised in some particvlars in the near future. 



160 1945 Report of Mar\t.axd State Department of Education 



20 miles per hour over a dry, level road and having approximately .6 
coefficient of friction and whose surface is free from loose materials. 
This stopping ability to be determined by test with an approved 
decelerometer or other instrument which indicates brake effective- 
ness in units that are convertible into rate of deceleration. 

c. In the event that a school bus shall be equipped with air or vacuum 
actuated power or assistor type brakes or an hydraulic booster: 

(1 ) ' Any such installation must be made by an authorized representa- 

tive of chassis or brake manufacturer and must be in conform- 
ance with the recommendation of that manufacturer. 

(2) Hydraulic line pressure may not exceed recommendation of 
chassis manufacturer. 

(3) Every vacuum booster or air system must be equipped with 
reserve tank of not less than 1,000 cubic inches capacity. 

4. Bumpers — Bumpers shall be installed on the front and on the rear 
of the bus and shall be directly attached to the chassis frame. They 
must be of sufficient strength to permit the pushing of a vehicle of 
equal gross loaded weight or of being pushed by a vehicle, without 
permanent distortion to bumper, chassis frame, or body. The rear 
bumper shall be so designed as to make the "hitching of rides" or 
obtaining of a toe hold impossible. 

5. Exhaust pipe — Exhaust pipe shall extend beyond the external rear 
of the body of the bus at the point of projection, but not beyond the 
bumper. Exhaust pipe shall be entirely outside body and mounted on 
the left side of the chassis. It shall be of sufficient size and length and 
shall be installed by the body manufacturer. 

6. Frame — The frame specifications shall be as follows: 

Each frame side member should be of one piece construction. If 
the frame side members are extended such extension shall be 
designed by the chassis manufacturer and the installation shall be 
made by either the chassis or the body manufacturer and guaranteed 
by the company making the installation. Extensions of frame 
lengths shall not exceed two feet and are permissible only when such 
alterations are behind the rear hanger of the rear spring. The wheel 
base shall not he altered after the chassis leaves the chassis factory. 

7. Gasohne tank — Gasoline tank shall be of not less than 18 gallons capa- 
city and shall be mounted on the body crossbars which are braced from 
chassis frame. The tank shall be mounted on the outside of the 
chassis frame and to the right side. The tank shall not extend in 
height above the side member of the chassis, or in width beyond the 
outer edge of the body, or in depth below the regular running board 
location. The tank shall be constructed of not less than 18 gage terne 
plate or equivalent. Filler, vent, and drain openings shall be outside 
the bus body. The filler shall not project beyond body panels. There 
shall be flexible gasoline and oil-proof connection at both ends of the 
gasoline feed line. 

8. Generator — The generator shall have not less than 25 amperes' 
maximum output, shall be voltage and current controlled, and shall 
be capable of delivering 25 amperes from a speed of 25 miles per hour 
or more. 

9. Guards 

a. Emergency brake drum, if located on the drive shaft, shall be pro- 
tected by an adequate metal shield mounted above such brake drum. 

b. The drive shaft shall be equipped with a protective guard to prevent 
whipping through floor or dropping to ground, if broken. 

c. All closures between the bus body and the engine compartment 
shall be fitted with gaskets as nearly gas-tight as mechanically 
possible, and pedal openings shall be closed by bellows type boots 
as nearly gas-tight as mechanically possible. 



Rules for School Buses 



161 



10. Passenger load — The gross weight of the vehicle when fully loaded 
(i.e., wet load plus driver's weight plus weight of maximum pupil 
load) shall not exceed the maximum carrying capacity of the vehicle 
as established by the manufacturer's rating. These ratings shall be 
furnished by the manufacturer to the State Department of Education. 

11. Power or grade ability — Bus must be so geared and powered as to 
be capable of surmounting a 3 per cent grade at 20 miles per hour 
with full load on continuous pull. 

12. Speedometer — A speedometer shall be located at a convenient place 
on the instrument board of each bus and shall be in good working 
order. 

13. Steering gear — Steering gear shall be approved by the manufacturer 
and designed to assure safe and accurate performance when the 
vehicle is carrying the maximum gross load at 35 miles per hour. 
No changes shall be made in the steering apparatus which are not ap- 
proved by the chassis manufacturer. 

14. Tires — The tire specifications shall be as follows: 

a. The following tire sizes, based upon the recommendation of the Tire 
and Rim Association, shall be required. In order to allow for a reason- 
able tolerance, the total weight imposed on any tire shall not be greater 
than 10 per cent more than the following ratings. 

Load Capacity Gross Load Limits 

Tire Sizes Per Tire for Six Tires 

6.00 — 20 1400 8400 

6.50 — 20 1700 10200 

7.00 — 20 1950 11700 

7.50 — 20 2200 13200 

8.25 — 20 2650 15900 

9.00 — 20 3250 19500 

b. Dual rear tires shall be provided if the wheelbase is 154 inches 
or more, or if the chassis has a manufacturer's rating of either 12,000 
p5unds gross vehicle weight or one and one-half tons or more. Spare 
tire, if required, shall be mounted to the rear end of the chassis frame 
on a suitable support, or by suitable attachment to the inside of the 
body to the left of the driver with the tire resting in a depression in the 
floor. 

15. Weight distribution — As uniform tires are required, perfect weight 
distribution is one-third gross vehicle weight on front axle and two- 
thirds gross vehicle weight on rear axle measured at the ground. 
Therefore, no school bus shall have more than 75 per cent gross 
vehicle weight on the rear axle measured at the ground. 

B. Bodies 

1. Aisles — The minimum clearance of all aisles, including the aisle lead- 
ing to the emergency door shall be 12 inches. 

2. Body sizes — The following standards shall govern the sizes of school 
bus bodies: 

a. The purchase of bus bodies shall be limited to the following lengths: 
Rated Dash to Maximum Approximate 

Seating Capacity Rear Axle Body Length Wheelbase 
30-36 . 138" to 148" 207" 155" 

42-48 174" to 184" 261" 191" 

54-60 210" to 220" 315" 227" 

66-72 234" to 244" 336" 251" 

These sizes are based upon 27-inch spacing between rows of for- 
ward-facing seats, an outside width of 96 inches, a center aisle width 
of 12 inches, and an average rump width of 13 inches. These body 
lengths are measured from the front of the chassis dash to the in- 
side rear of the body at the floor line. 

b. A forward-facing seat arrangement is recommended. The center row 
of forward-facing seats with two rows of lengthwise inward-facing 
seats arrangement is also approved. The arrangement consistingjpf 
four rows of lengthwise seats is prohibited. 



162 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

3. Ceiling — Ceiling shall be free of all projections likely to cause injury 
to pupils. This standard is not intended in any way to require the use 
of an inner Hning beneath the roof bows. 

4. Construction — Construction shall be all-steel construction or con- 
struction of other metal with at least a strength equivalent to all-steel 
construction, as certified by the bus body manufacturer. This standard 
is not intended to limit in any way the proper use of insulating and 
sound-deadening materials (which is recommended for roofs of steel 
bodies). 

5. Doors — The following specifications shall apply to doors: 

a. Service door: 

(1) Shall be manually operated and of the hand lever type, under 
the control of the driver and so designed as to prevent acci- 
dental opening when leaned against. 

(2) Shall be located on right side near the front of the bus. At 
least two-thirds of its opening width shall be ahead of a point 
opposite the back of driver's seat. 

(3) Shall have a minimum horizontal clearance opening of 24 inches. 

(4) Shall be of folding type. If one leaf opens in and the other out, 
the front leaf shall open outward. 

(5) Lower panels as well as upper panels shall be of safety glass, 
to permit driver to see children who are waiting to enter bus 
and the ground where children step off. 

(6) Vertical closing edges of door shall be equipped with rubber or 
rubberized materials to protect children's fingers. 

(7) Stanchions from the floor to the roof shall be required at the 
rear of the entrance step well and at the rear of the driver's 
seat. Placement shall not restrict passageway to less than 24 
inches. 

(8) Safety bars shall be installed from the stanchions to the sides of 
the bus at a height of approximately 30 inches, to prevent 
children in the front seats from being thrown into the step 
well or against the driver's seat in case of a sudden stop. 

b. Emergency door: 

(1) Shall be located in center of rear of bus. 

(2) Shall be hinged on the right side of the body, shall open out- 
ward and shall be designed to be opened from both inside and 
outside of the bus. The holding device on the emergency door 
shall be so arranged that the door will open more than 90°. 

(3) Shall have a minimum horizontal clearance of 24 inches and a 
minimum vertical height of 48 inches, and shall be marked 
"Emergency Door" on both the inside and outside. 

(4) Shall be equipped with a fastening device which is easily ac- 
cessible and may be quickly released, but is designed to offer 
protection against accidental release. Control from driver's 
seat shall not be permitted. Provision for opening from the 
outside shall consist of either a square hole in which a screw 
driver or other object may be inserted, or a device of such de- 
sign as to prevent "hitching" but that will permit opening 
when necessary. 

(5) There shall be no steps leading to the emergency door. 

(6) Glass used in the emergency door shall be safety glass. 

(7) Where an arrangement of seats is used involving a center row 

of forward-facing seats, with two rows of lengthwise, inward- 
facing seats, there shall be a clearance of at* least 18 inches 
between the back of the last forward-facing seat and the emer- 
gency door. 

6. Fire Extinguishers — Each bus shall be equipped with a fire extin- 
guisher of a type and size approved by the laboratories of the Na- 
tional Board of Fire Underwriters, and which shall be kept properly 
filled and in satisfactory operating condition at all times. The extin- 



Rules for School Buses 



163 



guisher shall be placed in the school bus in a location readily accessible 
to the driver. (Art. 66-3^, Sec. 204, Public School Laws of Maryland, 
1944, p. 194; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 121.) 

7. First Aid Kit — Every school bus shall also be equipped with a complete 
^ first aid kit which shall first have been approved by the Department 
' of Motor Vehicles, and the driver shall be instructed in its use. The 

kit shall be kept fully equipped and in good condition. (Art. 66-3^, 
Sec. 204, Public School Laws of Maryland, 1944, p. 194; General Motor 
Vehicle Laws, 1943, pp. 244-45.) 

8. Floor — Floor shall be of metal and so constructed that exhaust gases 
cannot enter the bus. A fire-resistant, non-slipping surface may be ap- 
plied to the metal floor. 

9. Identification — For purposes of identification of school bus bodies: 

a. Such school bus shall also be equipped with stop signals visible both 
to the front and to the rear, and the body of such school bus shall be 
painted orange and black, with the orange color predominating. 
It is suggested that the fenders and trim be black and the remainder 
of the bus body orange. (Approved color charts for Maryland can 
be secured from State Department of Education.) 

"In the rear of the bus at least one red stop light shall be visible, 
mounted so the signal is not under the chassis or obscured by the 
rear bumper. 

"In the front of the bus at least one amber stop light shall be 
visible, mounted so the signal can be seen by approaching traffic 
but so it does not interfere with the vision of the bus operator. 
"Stop lights are to be so arranged that they will operate when the 
service brakes are applied, these stop signals may be of the blinker 
type but no lens shall be less than 4 inches in diameter. 
"All school buses purchased new after September 1, 1939, shall be 
equipped with at least two red stop lights visible from the rear and 
two amber stop lights visible from the front. 

"Semaphores may be used but only as an auxiliary to the stop 
lights." (General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 245.) 

b. Every vehicle when used as a school bus shall have both on the 
front and rear a sign plainly \isible containing the words "school 
bus" in black letters not less than four inches in height, with each 
stroke of not less than half an inch in width. (Art. 66-3^, Sec. 199, 
Public School Laws of Maryland, 1944, p. 193; General Motor Vehicle 
Laws, 1943, p. 120.) 

10. Inside height — The minimum inside body height shall be 66 inches 

measured at the longitudinal center line. 

11. Lights — Each bus shall be equipped with headHghts, tail light, stop 
light or fights, step well light, clearance lights, interior lights and extra 
light bulbs and fuses; also such other marker lights, reflectors, or 
directional signal lights as may be required by state law. 

12. Mounting — The mounting of body shall be as follows: 

a. Body manufacturers, when installing body on frame, shall insert 
between the body and the frame a spacer at every point of contact 
between the body and frame, of such form that shearing stresses 
shall not be put upon rivet heads. 

b. The rear end of the chassis frame shall be flush with the rear end of 
the bus body. 

13. Overhang — Body shall be mounted so that not more than 75 per- 
cent of the gross vehicle weight shall be on the rear axle, measured at 
the ground. 

14. Posts— The front corner posts shall be so designed and placed as to 
afford minimum obstruction to the driver's vision of the road. The 
strength of all posts and the roof shall be such as to support the en- 
tire weight of the loaded vehicle if overturned. 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

15. Rear vision — 

a. A non-glare interior rear- view mirror large enough (at least 4" x 
15") to afford a good view of the road to the rear, as well as of the 
pupils, shall be required. 

b. An exterior non-glare rear-view mirror shall be provided and located 
to the left of the driver. The exterior rear-view mirror shall not ex- 
tend beyond the maximum width of 96 inches, and shall not be less 
than 6 inches in diameter or 4" x 6" if rectangular. 

16. Rub-rail — The body shall be protected by an applied or pressed-in rub- 
rail, located at the seat line or between the floor and seat lines. 

17. Seats — The seating arrangements shall be as follows: 

a. A minimum lineal seating space of not less than 13' per high school 
pupil and 11" per elementary pupil is required. In computing seat- 
ing capacity, no allowance will be made for fractional amounts. 
All measurements will be taken along the central axis of the seat 
cushion. 

b. All seats must be fastened rigidly to the bus and recessing of frame 
of seat back at seat level on the aisle side is prohibited. 

c. No seat on the right side of the bus shall be placed ahead of the 
forwardmost pupil seat on the left side of the bus. 

d. Seat back centers on forward-facing seats shall be within the range 
of from 24 to 27 inches, both inclusive. 

e. All seats in school buses should be at least 12" in depth. 

f. Every seat cushion must be equipped with springs and every seat 
. back must be well padded. 

g. The minimum distances between the steering wheel and the back 
rest of the driver's seat shall be 12 inches. The driver's seat shall 
have a fore and aft adjustment of not less than 3 inches, and shall 
be strongly attached. 

18. Steps — The following regulations shall apply to the construction and 
design of bus steps at the service door: 

a. The riser of the upper step shall be not less than 13 inches and not 
more than 15 inches. When more than two steps are used, the upper 
two steps may have a riser of less than 13 inches, but these risers 
must be of equal height. 

b. The steps shall be enclosed to prevent the accumulation of ice and 
snow. 

c. Steps shall not protrude beyond the side body line. 

d. A grab handle or stanchion of not less than 10 inches in length shall 
be provided inside doorway and to the right upon entering, to assist 
pupils in getting on and off the bus. 

1 9. f Tools — Bus shall have a tool compartment and carry such tools as 

may be necessary to make minor emergency repairs while the bus is 
en route. 

20. Ventilators — Body shall be equipped with a suitable, controlled ven- 
tilating system of sufficient capacity to maintain the proper quantity 
of air under operating conditions. 

The outside air shall be taken from a point not lower than the top of 
the engine hood line and within the front one-third of the bus. 
An accepted roof regulative exhaust ventilator or exhaust ventilation 
system shall be located to the front of the center of the body. 

21. Wheel clearance — The body shall clear the wheels sufficiently to allow 
for load and chains. 

22. Width — Ninety-six inches shall be the standard outside width of school 
bus bodies. However, where existing conditions make necessary the 
use of narrower bodies, widths less than ninety-six inches are accept- 
able. 

23. Windshield and windows — All glass in windshield windows, and doors 
shall be of safety glass approved by the laboratories of National 
Board of Fire Underwriters; such glass to be of sufficient quality to 
prevent distortion of view in any direction. The windshield shall be 



Rules for School Buses 



165 



slanted to prevent glare and large enough to permit the driver to see 
the road clearly. All full side windows must open and lower vertically 
and must provide an unobstructed opening of at least 12 inches. A 
guard of thickness of safety glass must be provided which will prevent 
pupils from extending heads or arms out of windows. 

24. Windshield wipers — Every school bus shall be equipped with an 
automatic or power driven windshield wiper. All school buses pur- 
chased new after September 1, 1943, shall be equipped with at least 
two windshield wipers, one mounted on the right side of the windshield 
and the other on the left side of the windshield. These wipers shall be 
kept in good running condition at all times. These wipers are to be 
the type that in the event of mechanical failure they temporarily may 
be manually operated. (General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 245.) 

25. Wiring— 

a. The wiring shall be arranged in at least five regular circuits as fol- 
lows: (1) dome lights, (2) step, clearance, and marker lights, (3) 
starting, (4) ignition, (5) head, tail stop, and dash lights. 

b. Where desired, there shall be two auxiliary circuits as follows: 
(1) direction lights, (2) heater, defroster, etc. 

c. Each circuit, except starter and ignition, shall be separately fused. 

d. All wires shall be insulated and protected by a covering. of fibrous 
loom (or equivalent) which will protect them from external damage 
and which will eliminate dangers from short circuits. 

e. Wires shall be fastened securely to body and /or chassis. All joints 
shall be soldered or of an approved claw type. 

26. Hand axe — Each school bus shall be equipped wit pick head axe 
of a type that can be conveniently used to break safety glass. It 
should be mounted at some accessible point inside the bus near the 
driver. 

27. Skid chains — Each school bus shall at all times carry a set of chains 
which fit the rear wheels and which can be used in slippery, icy 
weather. Each school bus should carry also one inflated, serviceable 
spare tire. 

28. Defrosters — Buses shall be equipped with a defrosting device in good 
working order. 

29. Heaters — Each school bus shall be equipped with a bus heater of the 
hot water or other type heater approved by the laboratories of the 
National Board of Fire Underwriters, which shall be capable of heat- 
ing the bus under normal winter temperatures. No heater may be 
used which depends upon heat supplied by contact of incoming air 
with exhaust manifold, muffler, or exhaust pipe. 

Nothing contained in these standards and regulations shall be construed as pro- 
hibiting any school bus from having additional safety equipment not incon- 
sistent with these provisions. 
These specifications shall take effect April 1, 1945. 
II Inspection of Buses 

Every school bus shall be inspected at least three times each year. 
Every vehicle which is to be used for the transportation of public school 
children shall be inspected by the Superintendent of Schools, or by a duly 
authorized agent, assisted by a person to be designated by the Department 
of Motor Vehicles, some time during every August, or prior to operating such 
vehicle for the transportation of school children during the school year; and 
provided further that all such vehicles shall be submitted for a second in- 
spection during November 15 — December 15, and a third inspection during 
every March. 

Every school bus shall be given a thorough conditioning during the summer 
months in order to be ready for the August inspection. 
In addition to the three regular, scheduled inspections, the County Super- 
intendent of Schools may require at any time such other inspections of in- 
dividual buses as may be necessary for the safe transportation of public 
school pupils. 



166 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Any school bus found through any official inspection to be mechanically 
unsafe shall be immediately discontinued for use and not placed in service 
again until made safe by a competent mechanic and inspected and approved 
by the County Superintendent of Schools, or his duly authorized agent. 
Copies of the inspection reports, showing defects have been corrected, shall 
be sent promptly to the County Superintendent of Schools and forwarded 
to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. 

III Qualifications for School-bus Drivers 

1. The maximum age limit should not affect drivers employed prior to 
July 1, 1945, and for the duration of the war and six months there- 
after the new State minimum age of eighteen years shall be in effect 
at the discretion of the County Superintendents of Schools. 

2. Shall pass a physical examination at the beginning of each new school 
year. 

3. These annual physical examinations shall be made by a physician or 
physicians designated and approved by the county board of education. 

4. Must have fulfilled the requirements of the Maryland Motor Vehicle 
Code for school bus operators. 

5. Shall be an individual of good character and capable of maintaining 
discipline and commanding the respect of the pupils. 

6. Substitute drivers shall hold a chauffeur's license as required by the 
Motor Vehicle Code. 

IV Driving Regulations 

1. The driver shall be in full charge of the school bus and the pupils, 
except in the presence of the teacher. 

2. No school bus shall be permitted to carry standing pupils in excess of 
one pupil per row of forward-facing seats. No pupils shall be per- 
mitted to stand in school buses with all lengthwise seats or a combina- 
tion of lengthwise and forward-facing seats. 

3. No school bus shall be operated with the clutch disengaged except when 
coming to a stop. (General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, Sec. 196, p. 119.) 

4. No school bus shall be operated at a speed in excess of 35 miles per 
hour. (Art. 66-14, Sec' 203, Public School Laws of Maryland, 1944, 
p. 194; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 120.) 

. 5. Every school bus shall be required to come to a full stop within at 
least 10 feet and not more than 50 feet before crossing at grade any 
track or tracks of a railroad. (Art. 66-}^, Sec. 206, Public School Laws 
of Maryland, 1944, p. 195; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 121.) 

6. The driver must be sure there is no danger from approaching trains or 
cars before attempting to drive the bus across the track. The door 
shall be open while the vehicle has stopped, so that the driver may 
hear any possible noise of the locomotive or whistle. 

7. Similar precautions should be followed before the bus enters a boule- 
vard, street, road, or what is more familiarly known as a main road. 

8. The driver of a vehicle upon a highway outside the corporate limits 
of incorporated cities and towns of more than five thousand popula- 
tion, upon meeting or overtaking any school bus which has stopped 
•on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school 
child or children, school teacher or school teachers, shall come to a full 
stop at least ten (10) feet from such school bus, either in front or rear 
thereof as the case may be, and such vehicle shall remain standing 
until the children are received or discharged and the school bus has 
again started. (Art. 66- 1^, Sec. 201, Public School Laws of Maryland, 
1944, p. 194; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 120.) 

9. The foregoing shall be applicable only in the event the school bus 
shall be equipped with the school bus signs and stop signals and painted 
in the color scheme as prescribed in this Article, and shall not apply 
to vehicles approaching such school bus from the front on dual high- 
ways. (Art. 66-1-^, Sec. 202, Public School Laws of Maryland, 1944, 
p. 194; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 120.) 



Rules for School Buses; Hagerstown Meeting of Superintexden'ts 167 



10. Any person operating a motor vehicle which fails to stop as required, 
when a school bus, \\ith the stop signal set, stops to take on or dis- 
charge children, or who otherwise \iolates the pro\'isions of this Article 
when such bus actually halts for the purpose of taking on or dis- 
charging children, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon 
con\'iction be fined not less than Five Dollars 'So. 00' nor more than 
Fiftv Dollars ( $50.00 1. (Art. 66-I9, Sec. 209, Public School Laws of 
Maryland, 1944, p. 195; General Motor Vehicle Laws, 1943, p. 122.) 

At the close of the school year on June 21, 1945, each county 
superintendent was sent a supply of blanks to be used in connection 
with the physical examination of bus drivers dui'ing 1945-46. Ac- 
cording to By-law 65 of the State Board of Education, these examina- 
tions are '* to be made by a physician or physicians designated and 
approved by the County Board of Education." 

In reply to inquiries from a number of the superintendents as to 
whether or not school buses can be used to transport school athletic 
teams to other schools they were advised that General Order 10 of 
the OfRce of Defense Transportation limits the use of school buses to 
the following school use: 

"Transportation of students, teachers, and other school employees from 
their homes to their schools for the purpose of permitting such persons to 
attend a regular daily session of school, or from such schools to their homes 
after such attendance: 

Pro\'ided, That no such person shall be so transported in excess of one 
round-trip on any one calendar day." 

Regional Conferences of County Superintendents 

The following is a summary of the subjects presented at regional 
meetings of county superintendents held under the chairmanship 
of Mr. B. C. Willis who planned them with Mr. Hyson and Mr. 
Shugart. Outside speakers were financed by contributions from 
each county. 

At the first meeting in Hagerstown on November 17 and 18, 
1944, two topics were discussed: 

1. A program of education suitable for all children, ages 6 to 18, and ar- 
ranged to meet the interests, needs, and capacities of all children. 

2. A public relations program that would aid in making possible the achieve- 
ment of such an ideal. 

Dr. Paul R. Mort of Teachers College, Columbia University, 
addressed the group both days on the theme " The Power of Educa- 
tion in a Democracy." 

Mr. B. C. Willis presented the problem of pro\'iding a program 
to meet the educational needs of all children and adults in the com- 
munity by considering the following: 

1. Xurnber of years to be pro\ided in the basic State minimum program. 
Possible extensions of State minimum program. Such topics as size of 
school, size of class, attendance areas were covered. 

2. Meeting unmet needs of children, including: 

a. Health 

(1) Program of examinations — phvsical and mental 

(2) Clinics 

(3 ) Health ser\ice in the schools 

("41 Physical education and health instruction in the schools 

b. Guidance 

c. Library 

d. Vocational education 



168 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



3. Summer program — work and education 

a. Recreation, including arts aad crafts * 

b. Job placement of children — fourteen and up 

4. Adult Education 

Mr. Kopp presented the following thoughtful discussion of Lay 
Relations: 

ASSUMPTIONS 

I. The general public is prepared now perhaps more than ever to be led 

into strong support of the schools. 
II. If the public develops a strong confidence in the schools, in their lead- 
ership, in the curriculum, in their purposes and achievements, support 
and cooperation will be offered, and readily given. 

III. Many antagonisms to and criticisms of the schools are justified, but 
many also would vanish if the public were better informed about the 
purposes, aims, objectives, and methods of the schools; as also about the 
costs. 

IV. The public will be willing to pay for the present costs of education and 
for future greater costs if it feels assured that, as a part of democratic 
society, it is getting its money's worth and that the schools are making 
their full contribution to society's aims. 

V. The schools can not serve democracy in the highest degree without 
active public support. 

principles 

I. Public schools in our democracy are maintained for the perpetuation 
of our democracy at an increasingly higher level of living. This includes 
the economic, social, cultural, ethical, and spiritual levels. 
II. A clear concept of the meaning, purpose, and function of public educa- 
tion in a democracy must be held by school administrators, teachers, and 
the lay public. 

III. Since our social, industrial, economic, and political life changes over the 
years, and since the impact of these changes reaches into every aspect 
of community life, including the schools, the concept of education must 
change from time to time. 

IV. The educational leadership must be aware of these changes, and must 
assume the responsibility for initiating changes in the schools commen- 
surate with the demands of society for its perpetuation at the newer 
levels. 

V. The educational leadership must carry with it cooperatively the active 
support of the lay citizenry of the community. Education thus becornes 
a project in which all-out effort is made to achieve the ends for which 
the schools exist and for which the cooperators support them. 

facts requiring consideration of educators 
I. Many criticisms of the schools come from well-intentioned citizens. 
II. The schools alone can not engage successfully in the educational under- 
taking. They require the cooperation of all constructive agencies in 
the community. The newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, 
so-called character building organizations: Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, 
Y. M. C. A., churches, the home, the farm organizations, the city govern- 
ment, the police force, etc. If the community made an all-out effort 
in behalf of the highest welfare of their children and themselves, educa- 
tion would be revolutionized as also would the whole of American society. 
The mobilization of all community forces for education is urgently 
needed. Our country has never seriously undertaken a program of educa- 
tion with a view to achieving the maximum in education broadly con- 
ceived. 

III. Parents and the public learn more about schools, good or bad, through 
their children than through any other source. Good teaching, bad 
teaching, fair or unfair treatment, a high degree of learning, or a low 
degree on the part of children, color the attitude of parents toward the 
school. A satisfied parent will tend to be favorable to school support. 



Problems of Lay Relations 



169 



NEEDS 

I. Need for correct and adequate information properly interpreted to the 
public concerning the nature, work, and problems of the schools. 

It is well-known that too small a number of the general public 
have a good understanding of the objectives, program, curriculum, 
policies, and newer methods of the schools; too little understanding of 
the enlarging function of the schools, the longer school day, the real 
place of athletics educationally, the value of consolidation, the prob- 
lems of transportation and the bases for increasing costs. Many citizens 
regard the schools as a closed corporation because information in some 
instances is withheld, or only partially revealed. Administrators have 
been known to create the impression that questions relating to school 
management are resented. The first step in creating a confident attitude 
on the part of the public toward its schools is to develop a program 
of information on the schools' objectives, activities, problems, and costs, 
and to present it truthfully to the public. 
II. The need for developing and clarifying right attitudes toward the schools. 

The information referred to above will not necessarily result in 
right attitudes toward the schools. It takes more than mere facts in 
some instances to create right attitudes. It requires an acceptance of 
the facts and a comprehension of them to a degree where their justi- 
fication is established. 

III. The need for establishing the proper bases for cooperation. 

Having given information, having developed good attitudes, we 
yet may not secure the active cooperation of the public in the prosecu- 
tion of a school program. 

The public must envisage the broad purposes-of education, and gain 
a concept of the larger implications of education as influenced by the 
home, church, radio, newspapers, etc. 

When these agencies are recognized as component parts of the 
educational dynamics in a community, the public will then realize that 
it has a share in the educational responsibility — a part ownership in 
the educational venture. 

They will then busy themselves in offering assistance to those who 
are directing the educational activities. Meddling will give way to 
cooperation and criticism to sympathetic understanding. 

IV. The need for making available in our school systems adequate school 
opportunities and facilities for all children of the school community, 
and for the proper financial support to develop the facilities. 

In this area school administration must adopt a philosophy of 
education which is sound in a democracy. Such a philosophy has to do 
with the curriculum, methods of teaching, adequate teaching materials 
— textbooks, laboratory equipment, visual materials, good teachers, 
good buildings, proper janitorial service, proper teaching load, pro- 
vision for transportation, provision for education of the physically and 
mentally handicapped, length of school course; in short, the operation 
of an educational program which provides the maximum of education 
for all of the community's children. 
V. The need for a program of wider use of the school buildings. 

The public feels that schools should be put to wider community 
use when not in use for so-called regular school purposes. This means 
the use of gymnasiums, auditoriums, athletic fields, and classrooms 
for non-school groups and evening classes for adults. 
VI. The need for a long-term educational program, known to the public 
and accepted by it. 
VII. The need for techniques, devices, and a sagacity to transmit what a 
small well-intentioned group knows to be desirable, to the larger group 
for its understanding and support. 

People are vitally interested only in those things in which they take 
pride. We need to consult with the people whose interests are at stake, 
or involved, so that they do not uproot the good that has been planted. 



170 1945 Report of Mar^tand State Department of Education 

VIII. The need for school administrators — to accept criticism without setting 
up a defensive and belligerent attitude. 
IX. The need to create citizens' committees who may be led to feel that they 
have a part in the planning of affairs relating to the schools. 

OTHER MORE SPECIFIC QUESTIONS 

I. How do parents get an impression of the schools? 

a. Through their children chiefly 

Rules and regulations, standards, control 

b. Through personal contacts with teachers, principal, and attendance 

worker 

c. Through P. T. A. meetings 

d. Through school public programs 

e. Through athletic events 

f. Through principal's letters or bulletins to parents 

g. Through school newspapers 

h. Through success of students who attend the school 

i. Through school exhibits of achievement 

j. Through the principal's running a well-managed school 
II. How does the general public get an impression of schools and the school 
system? 

Same as above, to which must be added, special publicity programs. 
The public is given information on the purposes of education, the cur- 
riculum, achievements and costs at public or community group meet- 
ings, in the newspapers, over the radio, by motion pictures, in special 
bulletins and annual reports. 

III. How can the schools win active cooperation from those who are in- 
different or antagonistic to school support? 

There are three reasons for criticism — poor results, lack of knowl- 
edge of function of schools, costs. If schools can be shown to be a good 
community investment, local, state or national support will be forth- 
coming. All people are more or less selfish. They want to profit from 
an investment. 

IV. Do we as educators have the conviction that there lie within us and the 
community together the potentialities to solve our problems? 

V. How may we overcome the inertia growing out of complacency with 

the traditional which affects some of the public? 
VI. Does the community feel confident when it delegates to us the respon- 
sibility for the community's educational program? 

We ordinarily think of the delegation of responsibility downward. 
Democracy at its best is built on delegating authority up from the people 
rather than down from an administrator. 
VII. How can we capitalize on all the available resources of the community 
to assist the schools in the solution of the broad over-all problems of 
education, dealing with the lame, blind, deaf, delinquent, and with 
those qualities which are referred to as "character"? 
VIII. Are needs recognized by us as educational leaders and regarded as so 
pressing that we will inspire or irritate the community to insist that 
"something be done about them"? 

conclusion 

When a people shall regard its destiny as being achieved through 
its educational program, it will then view education as its major 
concern. This people will then bestir itself to such extent that its 
full energy and all its potentially utilizable resources will be employed 
in the prosecution of a program of education which has as its objec- 
tive the highest welfare of all the people — the only worthy destiny. 

School administrators have a responsibility in working toward 
the attainment of that ideal. 



Lay Relations; Visual Education; School Buildings; FM Radio 171 
Facilities for Education 

VISUAL education AND SCHOOL BUILDINGS 

The second of the three regional meetings of county superin- 
tendents was held in Salisbury in April 1945, Mr. James Bennett 
and the Wicomico County Board of Education acting as hosts. 
The first half day was spent in visiting schools to see teachers and 
pupils using various types of visual aids. Following lunch a dis- 
cussion of all types of visual aids took place under the guidance 
and leadership of Mr. Bennett. The following morning Dr. Clyde 
Arnspiger, President of Erpi Films, -spoke to the group. 

The third meeting in May 1945, was held in Montgomery 
County and centered around school buildings. The county schools 
were visited and a meeting was held on the second day at which 
time Dr. N. L. Engelhardt, Associate Superintendent of Schools 
in New York City, discussed ''School Buildings." 

radio communication for education QUESTIONNAIRE 

On September 12, 1944, Dr. Pullen, Secretary of the National 
Council of Chief State School Officers, addressed the following letter 
of explanation to the State Superintendents: 

Wartime developments in various types of radio communications and 
industrial processes based on the use of radio-frequency energy have vastly 
increased the demand for operating space in the radio-frequency spectrum. 
Not only must operating space be found within the usable portion of the 
electro-magnetic (radio-frequency) spectrum for new services, but some of the 
existing services have shown a need for additional frequencies. Consequently, 
the F. C. C. (Federal Communications Commission) has announced a series 
of hearings, to begin September 28, at which all requests for additional fre- 
quencies will be examined in the Kght of the total number of usable fre- 
quencies available, and in the light of the importance of each of the services. 

These forthcoming hearings will be of crucial importance to public educa- 
tion, since one of the services which will necessarily have to make a case for 
its needs is educational FM (frequency modulation) broadcasting. On 
January 1, 1944, Commissioner Studebaker of the U. S. Office of Education 
made a formal request of F.C.C. Chairman, James Lawrence Fly, that 
(1) 15 consecutive FM channels be allocated exclusively for noncommercial 
educational broadcasting, (2) that each of these channels be 200 kilocycles 
in width (the width required for the use of the Armstrong Wide-Swing System 
of Frequency Modulation currently used), and (3) that this band of 15 con- 
secutive channels be assigned adjacent to and continuous with the commercial 
FM band, so that schools and homes equipped with standard commercial AM- 
FM receiving-sets will be able to receive the school-station broadcasts. 
Present indications are that we are Hkely to be challenged, at the hearings, 
on all three of these points. 

A questionnaire asked for the following information that could 
be compiled for a hearing before the Federal Communications Com- 
mission September 28, 1944: 

Is your state planning a state- wide network for non-commercial FM radio 

for education? 

How many city, county and township school systems and how many 
educational institutions in your state have indicated that they plan to estab- 
lish or cooperate in the establishment of FM radio broadcast facilities? 

The following summary of the replies from the question- 
naire was presented to the Federal Communications Commission on 
October 12, 1944, by Dr. Pullen, Secretary of the National Council 
of Chief State School Officers. 



172 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Speaking in behalf of the National Council of Chief State School Officers, 
I want to emphasize the fact that a substantial number of school systems, 
colleges and universities, and state departments of education actually intend 
to establish educational FM broadcast stations as soon after the war as pos- 
sible. According to information which I have received from the different 
states and the U. S. Office of Education, four city school systems and two 
universities had established FM broadcast facilities before the war; approxi- 
mately thirty-six applications have been submitted to the F. C. C. to estab- 
lish non-commercial educational FM broadcast stations after the war; and 
many additional applications will be filed as soon as the preliminary surveys 
have been made and plans for financing completed. In Massachusetts, for 
instance, thirty-seven cities and twenty-one towns have indicated that they 
plan to cooperate in the establishment of educational FM broadcast facilities. 

A recent survey indicates that twenty-eight states plan to establish 
state-wide networks for educational FM radio, and I have reason to believe 
other states will follow this desirable practice. 

The important factor to be considered in any type of radio service is 
adequate coverage. This is just as important for educational as for commercial 
radio. I am happy to report that the educators are not thinking in terms of 
establishing individual educational FM broadcast stations for each school 
system, college, or university, but rather in bringing education by FM radio 
to all children and adults within a given geographical area by means of state- 
wide networks. This means that there will be a considerable number of school 
systems, colleges, and universities which will not be able to have FM stations 
of their own, but nevertheless will plan to install complete program produc- 
tion facilities to be used in feeding locally produced programs to centrally 
located school-owned FM stations for broadcast on the air. 

In Maryland we plan to establish a state-wide network of associated 
stations. The State Board of Education passed a resolution at the meeting 
in February, 1944, authorizing the State Superintendent of Schools to take 
immediate steps toward the establishment of a non-commercial, educational, 
frequency-modulation radio-broadcast service throughout the State of Mary- 
land, said service to be inaugurated at the earliest practicable date. Copies 
of this resolution have been provided for the Commission. 

Dr. R. R. Lowdermilk of the U. S. Office of Education spent several days 
in the State and prepared for us a map showing the locations and transmitter 
requirements for adequate coverage in the State. Photostat copies of the map 
have been provided for the Commission. 

Maryland will require a minimum of five educational FM stations in 
order to provide service throughout the state. According to the technical 
advice which has been given us, only one channel assignment can be repeated 
to serve two stations within the state. Since only alternate channels can be 
assigned, Maryland's needs will require a total band width equivalent to 
seven consecutive channels. Also, the U. S. Office of Education advises us 
that within the normal interference range of Maryland's five stations, a total 
of ten other educational FM stations is already being planned, — two in West 
Virginia, four in Pennsylvania, two m New Jersey, one in Delaware and one 
in District of Columbia. Thus Maryland will have to be considered in rela- 
tion to a regional frequency assignment pattern which will require more than 
the present allocation of one megacycle. 

In conclusion, permit me to emphasize the need for 

1 — Planning educational FM radio service on a state-wide basis 

2 — Providing sufficient channels to make such service possible 

MEETING OF NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHIEF STATE SCHOOL OFFICERS IN BALTIMORE 

DECEMBER, 1944 

At the meeting of the Chief State School Officers held at the Lord Baltimore 
Hotel in December, 1944, Dr. Pullen, State Superintendent of Schools in Mary- 
land, was secretary-treasurer of the conference. The superintendents heard ad- 
dresses on and discussed the following questions: Problenis Facing Education, 
Disposal of Surplus Properties to Education, Education's Part in the Program of 



FM Radio for Education; Meeting of State School Superintendents; 173 
County Supervisors of White Elementary Schools 

Services for Veterans, Education's Opportunities in Radio, Mental Health and 
Physical Fitness and the Public's Interest in Them, The Status of the School 
Lunch Program, Planning and Developing an Adequate State Program of Educa- 
tion, State Educational Organization, Educational Services which States Should 
Expect from the Federal Government, Financing an Adequate Educational Prog- 
ram, Period of Compulsory School Attendance, Redirection of Secondary Education, 
State-Wide Planning for Educational Programs and Buildings, Schools and 
Community Recreation, Operating Federal-State Programs, Lengthening the 
Period of Compulsory School Attendance, Redirection of Secondary Education, 
Continuance of Emergency Funds in Areas Affected by the War for Maintenance 
and Operation of Schools and Child Care Centers, and Military Training. 

The State Superintendents were the guests of the State Board of Education 
at dinner on December 1. Following the dinner at which Mr. Tasker G. Lowndes, 
President of the State Board of Education, presided. Dr. Isaiah Bowman, Presi- 
dent of the Johns Hopkins University, addressed the members of the conference 
on the importance to the future of the world of a successful world organization, 
of preparations for the San Francisco conference, and the need for cooperation with 
and understanding of the program by the educational leaders of the country. 

At the end of the conference Dr. Thomas G. Pullen, Jr., State Superintendent 
of Schools in Maryland, was elected President of the Conference for the year 1945» 



State Supervision of White Elementary Schools 
TABLE 122 



Number of Supervisors in Maryland Counties for Varying Numbers of 
White Elementary School Teachers, 1944-45 



Number of 


Number of 






White 


Supervisors 


Number of 




Elementary 


Allowed 


of 


Names of Counties 


Teachers 


by Law 


Counties 




Less than 80 


1 


12 


Calvert, Caroline, Charles, Dorchester, Howard, Kent, 
Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, 
Worcester. 


80 to 119 


2 


3 


Carroll, Cecil, Garrett. 


120 to 185 


3 


2 


Frederick (,2), Harford (2). 


186 to 235 


4 


1 


Anne Arundel (3). 


236 to 285 


5 


1 


*tWashington. 


286 to 335 


6 


2 


Allegany (4), *Prince George's (4.9). 


336 to 385 


7 


2 


*ttxBaltimore (5.2), *tMontgomery (5.9). 



( ) The number of supervisors actually employed in October, 1944 is shown in parentheses for 
counties which employed fewer than the minimum number required by law. 
* Includes a supervisor of music. 
Includes a supervisor of art. 

Includes an assistant superintendent in charge of curriculum and instruction. 
X Includes a supervisor of physical education and health, part-time. 

In September 1944, the American Reading Readiness Tests 
financed by the State Department of Education were given to all 
coimty first grade pupils. From a study of the results and plans sent 
in by the county supervisors certain suggestions were formulated by 
the State Supervisor of Elementary Schools to help teachers plan 
programs for pupils not yet ready to read and for those in various 
stages of readiness for reading. 



174 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Suggestions for Pre-Reading Activities 

Language Activities: 

1. Participating in free and spontaneous conversations. 

2. Sharing and relating experiences. 

3. Telling short stories, and parts of stories, individually and in relay — 

from pictures, with objects, with puppets. 

4. Composing short class stories and letters. 

5. Dramatizing stories, poems, songs, directions. 

6. Playing games having spoken parts. 

7 Saying poems and rhymes indi\i dually and in groups. 

8. Singing songs. 

9. Explaining plans, work, objects made, pictures painted, etc. 

10. Discussing trips, news, games, etc. 

11. Playing radio broadcasting. 

12. Making talking parts for movies of stories, trips, and information. 

13. Making riddles about story characters, things seen, pets, objects in 

the room, etc. 

14. Making rules, standards, and plans about things to be done. 

15. Evaluating work, trips, and routine in terms of standards. 

16. Relating a series of steps in an experience, in a story. 

Reading Opportunities in the Room: 

1. Labels of pictures, objects, and work materials where needed. 

2. Signs telling news, directions, and rules. 

3. Poems, songs, and rhymes written on charts. 

4. Chart Stories, rules, standards, directions, etc. 

5. Lists of stories, songs, and poems liked. 

6. Materials for independent work periods, as: word cards, alphabet 

blocks, a printing press, picture books, alphabet books, etc. 

7. Lists of committees, plans. Words We Know, etc. 

8. Books — picture books, pre-primers, story books. 

9. Game materials — flash cards, charts and cards, alphabet cards, pictures 

and words, etc. 
10. Lists of words with pictures, picture dictionaries, etc. 

Materials: 

1. Picture books with and without printed material. 

2. Large, clear pictures of children's activities, of objects, of story char- 

acters, etc. , 

3. Illustrated reading charts made by children. 

4. Illustrated charts — nursery rhymes, songs, poems, stories, etc. 

5. Word cards for matching — numbers, words, pictures, etc. 

6. Story books, poetry books, pre-primers. 

7. Materials for research — pictures, stereopticon views, reading glasses, 

magnets, etc. 

8. Materials for independent activities, as: clay, paints, puzzles, crayons, 

blocks, dolls, puppets of story characters, looms, scissors, paste, 
old magazines, cardboard boxes, sewing materials, tinker toys, 
housekeeping toys, paper, games, etc. 

Suggestions for Beginning Reading 

Making and Using Chart Stories: 

1. Examples of stories that could be used. 

2. Standards for making chart stories. 

3. Worthwhileness of material. 

4. Content of stories. 

5. Word mastery. 



Meeting Reading Readiness Needs of First Grade Pupils; Conference 175 
ON Child Growth and Development 

The Conference on Child Growth and Development 

The elementary school supervisors were invited by Dr. Wiede- 
feld, President of the State Teachers College at Towson, to join the 
faculties of the three State Teachers Colleges for a three-day work 
conference at Towson, from December 19 to 21, 1944, on the theme 
" Immediate Needs in Teacher Education." The program included 
three general sessions, two study group sessions and a general session 
at which each study group gave a short report of its findings. 

The general sessions were addressed by Dr. Charles E. Prall of 
the Commission on Teacher Education, Miss Roxana A. Steele of 
Western Michigan College of Education, Dr. Daniel A. Prescott of 
the Commission on Teacher Education, Dr. Robert H. Morrison, 
State Department of Education of New Jersey, and Dr. Thomas G. 
Pullen, Jr., State Superintendent of Schools, who spoke on the 
''Proposed Program of Education for Maryland." 

Dr. Prescott, in charge of the Institute for Child Growth and 
Development at the University of Chicago, talked to the group on 
''Understanding of Human Development and Behavior as Prin- 
ciples or Emphases to be Followed in all Teacher Education Pro- 
cedures and Practices. " He stated that biological, social, and physi- 
cal conditions as well as the psychological background must be 
considered at any given time in studying behavior and development 
of a child. 

He pointed out that in teaching psychology to teachers in the 
past too much emphasis had been placed on presenting scientific 
generahzations with illustrations with the idea that teachers could 
apply them in caring for the needs of individual children. He 
had found that a teacher learns more by selecting a child in her class 
for study, observing and building up anecdotal records of factual 
information regarding the child's reactions to his teacher and his 
peers. After a period of time recurring patterns of behavior emerge. 
The teacher then realizes the need of scientific generalizations in 
helping her understand what makes the particular child "tick." 

As a result of this work-conference Miss Grace Alder, State 
Supervisor of Elementary Schools, in March 1945, wrote the county 
elementary school supervisors as follows: 

I know that some of the supervisors are very much interested in following up 
with their teachers the ideas regarding child growth and development expressed 
at the Towson meeting in December. Since in several instances I have been asked 
to suggest problems and procedures, perhaps it is worth while to discuss with all 
of you some of the possibilities. 

We have in this state a real challenge in elementary education. Looking for- 
ward to smaller classes, improved buildings, and new types of materials, we should 
try now to evaluate our present procedures and to set up some plans for future 
revisions. Where begin? In making courses-of-study? That will come, but if 
changes are to be significant, do we need other action first— to attempt to under- 
stand better the children themselves and their needs for optimum growth and 
development and to find out how to encourage such growth as far as possible? 
Such a study doesn't come from professional books, much as they may help, but 
from a real study of the situations we are promoting and accepting in our own 
school systems. 



176 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Will you consider the following? 

/. Learning to know our children 

A. What help do your teachers need in understanding their children, in 
keeping records for future reference, in getting parent cooperation, in 
interpreting behavior in terms of why rather than labeling the child 
as possessing some particular trait, and in arranging natural, informal 
class situations where children can be themselves — happy and at ease? 

//. Evaluating some of our present conditions and practices 

A. Are our physical conditions conducive to good physical growth — seating; 
lighting; temperature; cafeteria service; attractive arrangements; clean- 
liness? Can and should. we change conditions? Are we making the best 
use of the conditions we have? 

B. Are physical conditions conducive to desirable social growth — movable 
furniture that is moved; clean private toilets; time to eat lunch; safe 
playground apparatus? 

C. Do we make use of a variety of materials and use them leisurely enough 
for children to get the information desired — pictures; objects; the out- 
of-doors; as well as texts? 

D. What are our policies concerning homework? Do they promote desirable 
attitudes and practices? We need to give this matter our attention! 

E. Do our marking procedures help the pupil analyze his weaknesses? Are 
these procedures satisfactory? Should all subjects be marked? What 
part have children in evaluating their own progress? 

F. Are grades overly emphasized? In some rooms half the desks are empty 
part of each day, because the third grade sits in with the fourth grade, 
for instance, and thus evens the teacher-load for a short period. In other 
groups where two or more grades are in the same room, separate social 
studies and science classes are provided, giving the teacher several con- 
tent subjects each day. In other groups, children at about the same 
reading level, regardless of the grade, are working together. Are there 
practical ways of grouping other than by grades? What do you feel 
about Lane's idea in The Modern Elementary Schools'! 

G. Have we helped the teachers study their promotion policies? We have 
a large number of nonpromotions. Can we justify the number? Are 
children helped to see why nonpromotion is necessary? Have your teach- 
ers done any experimenting by promoting instead of retaining pupils 
and by noting results? Some systems in other states are organizing 
primary schools where children may stay three or four years, as need 
determines. No emphasis is placed on grade. Teachers may stay with 
their pupils more than one year. 

When first grade teachers in some of our own county systems "move 
up" with their pupils for the second year, there are no non promotions 
in grade one, and rarely any at the end of grade two. One year is "little 
room" in which to learn to know thirty-five or forty little children and 
to help all meet some predetermined standard of growth in a specific 
skill. Teachers should be encouraged to teach children, not grades. 

Ill/ Examining our teaching-learning program 

A. Does our program require certain learnings before children are ready, 
such as reading, cursive writing, arithmetic? How can we provide ex- 
periences best suited to the readiness of learners on different maturity 
levels? We have more boys than girls on our nonpromotion lists. Is there a 
question of readiness here? 

B. Is the content of subject-matter courses — social studies, science, health, 
and safety — needed in carrying experiences forward? Is it put to use in 
some concrete way that children feel is important"! Are we "covering" 
subject matter or using it to build understandings and to change prac- 
tices in living? Are class periods recitation periods where questions are 
asked by the teacher about material the children have "studied" and 
where short indefinite answers are given, many times in an uncertain, 
questioning tone? 



Emphases for County Elementary School Supervisors 177 

The greatest growth in reading takes place in the elementary school. 
Do the children have maximum opportunity to learn to read? Is attention 
given to interests on different levels? Are there rich, meaningful ex- 
periences which are related to the reading and which require reading? 

D. Are we using the opportunity for making the language art skills a needed 
part of each learning experience? Is the content of writing, English, 
and spelling such that it is put to use in the living of the children? Can 
they (the children) see the reason for practice and drill? Do the pupils 
help set up plans for improvement? 

E. Planning work with children creates an entirely different atmosphere for 
growth from that resulting from telling children what they are to do. 
Are we taking time to plan with the children the work that is to be done? 
Can each child see his responsibility within the group? Are means used 
to help immature pupils recall plans made? Do teaching methods include 
setting up standards with children, pupil-teacher evaluation, and re- 
planning? Our methods become our subject matter. Children learn what 
they do. 

F. Does our program include means for self-development and self-expression? 
We too often think of creative expression only in terms of art and music. 
Are we making use of language? of dramatics? of physical education 
activities? Does our art program use varied types of materials? Are we 
using music? Are the products desired commensurate with the children's 
maturity and individual interests? 

G. In children we can expect a variety of individual and group behavior. 
Can children participate in setting up some of their own standards of 
behavior? Should they understand school rules and regulations? Are 
opportunities given pupils to make decisions on their own level and to 
take consequences? (This does not imply that a child should make de- 
cisions which will have consequences he is too immature to appreciate.) 
Is opportunity given pupils to learn fair play, justice, tolerance, and re- 
spect for rights of others? Does the pupil have opportunity to practice 
self-control? 

These problems do not make up a comprehensive study. Others 
will need to be added to the list. There is a danger in attempting too 
much in too little time, in that changes may not be understood by 
teachers, parents, and children. Learning to know how children 
grow and develop and arranging better conditions for them is a 
long-term program. It is a process of continuous growth on our part. 
It is certainly a tremendous and demanding challenge. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Child Growth and Development Emphasis in Teacher Education, American Asso- 
ciate of Teachers Colleges, obtainable from Charles W. Hunt, State Teachers 
College, Oneonta, N. Y. 

Association for Childhood Education, 1201 Sixteenth St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
Childhood Education Magazine 

Films Interpreting Children and Youth, 15 cents. Describes films and recordings 
useful in teachers' and parent-teacher meetings, and in study groups where an 
attempt is being made to "build a better growing environment for children 
and youth." 

At the suggestion of Dr. Pullen, Miss Alder on April 19, wrote 
the superintendents regarding their interest in and support of a 
possible three-year State-wide study program on Child Growth and 
Development. The plan involved having Dr. Prescott, Professor of 
Education and Head of the Collaboration Center in Child Develop- 
ment at the University of Chicago or a member of his staff organize 
and train leaders of child-study groups in the three State Teachers 
Colleges at Towson, Frostburg and Salisbury and also at Bowie. 



178 1945 Report of Mar^-laxd State Department of Educatiox 



In the first year, 1945-46, there would be three three-day study con- 
ferences in October, January or February, and in April or IMay for 
each ^Maryland participant. This would mean that the University of 
Chicago staff members would spend two weeks in the state to cover 
the four meetings in each of the three months chosen. 

The following attendance of white teachers at the conferences 
was suggested: 

Participants Salisbury Towson Frostburg Total 

Teachers College Faculty or 

training staff 16 20 16 52 

County super\isors or teachers* 10 18 11 39 

Baltimore City supe^^isors 2 .... 2 

Attendance workers or teachers* 9 7 7 23 

Total 35 47 34 116 

* Some superintendents might prefer to send elementarj,' or high school teachers rather than super- 
visors or attendance workers. This would give the group the benefit of persons working directly with 
the children and would also be valuable for the teachers selected. Xo one should attend who is not 
wholeheartedly interested in such study. 

The cost of the program the first year was estimated as $2,025 
on the basis of S50 per day per leader from the University of Chicago 
and $75 for traveling expenses from Chicago and return. Suggestions 
regarding financing the costs were solicited, with the proposal that 
the teachers college pay half of the expense and the counties con- 
tribute the remainder either as a fixed sum per county or as a fixed 
amount per person participating. 

IMiss Alder listed the following values of the proposed meetings: 

These meetings will deal with the latest information about and 
the scientific principles of gro\^i:h and development. Although much 
has been done in this field in the last twenty years, it has received too 
little emphasis in our teacher-training institutions and in our in- 
ser\ice training programs. The newer curriculums are putting first 
attention on the child — on his needs, his interests, and his ways of 
learning. Procedures in teaching should do the same. Such emphasis 
will eventually — it is a slow process — bring changes in the way 
we evaluate learning in our teaching methods, and should help us 
eliminate some of our present problems in teaching — at least it will 
help us to understand them. 

Our Teachers College faculties should understand better what 
psychology and biology the future teacher really needs. The College 
teachers themselves, too, must deal with the varied personality 
problems of their students. The study with the faculty members thus 
has a dual pui'pose. 

Under the direction of Dr. Prescott, some of the supervisors 
will be able to organize study groups among their own teachers. Such 
groups should, in time, bring about changes in school policies and 
procedures which we recognize as unsatisfactory — policies with 
regard to promotion, grouping, home work, and behavior problems, 
and teaching procedures. 

The attendance supervisors have had less training in child 
growth and development than the other two groups have had. 



Development of Maryland Child-Study Program; Supervisors Study 179 

Conservation 

Since the attendance supervisors v^ork closely w^ith children v^ho 
are ''problems" in attendance or behavior, they especially need the 
opportunity to work in a child study group. 

As already stated, the understanding of child grov^th and de- 
velopment is becoming niore and more the basis for curriculum con- 
struction, teaching methods, and supervisory procedures. In pro- 
viding such study groups as outlined here, v^e not only make a real 
effort to give our ''key" persons needed stimulation, but also en- 
courage the pre-service and in-service teacher training staffs to use 
a common emphasis in their v^ork v^ith teachers. This is an out- 
standing purpose of the program. 

It is hoped that in time Maryland v^ill develop its own leaders 
to work with teachers and parent groups. 

Attendance at the University of Chicago Workshop on Human 
Development and Education from June 25 to August 4, or July 
16 to August 25, 1945, was suggested for any county people in- 
terested, which would prepare them to assume leadership of a study 
group next year. 

The response was immediate and wholehearted from 22 of the 
23 counties, which made it possible to ask Dr. Prescott to reserve 
time for Maryland in his schedule for the coming year. 

The Supervisors Study Conservation 

From May 14-17, 1945, the elementary supervisors convened 
at the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons Island, Mary- 
land, for a program on the "Conservation of Natural Resources in 
Maryland." They were addressed at the opening session by Dr. 
R. V. Truitt, Director of Research and Education for Maryland on 
the topic of "Conservation Today." Other topics were "Problems 
of Soil Conservation" — by Mr. Edward Davis, "Problems of Forests 
and Parks" — by Mr. J. W. Kaylor, "Hydrography and Related 
Subjects"— by Dr. Carroll B. Hash, "The Oyster"— by Mr. G. F. 
Beaven, ^ 'Mines and Water Resources" — by Dr. J. T. Singewald, and 
a final discussion by the entire group on "Teaching Conservation 
in the Elementary School. " 

Opportunities for actual observation of research and con- 
servation measures in practice were given. 

There were several motion pictures illustrating conservation 
measures and an explanation of sampling methods which gave prac- 
tical emphases to the lectures. 

Western Union Messengers not Subject to Fair Labor Standards Act 

The county superintendents and attendance workers were ad- 
vised on February 28, 1945. of the ruling of the U. S. Supreme Court 
by a 5 to 4 decision on January 8, 1945, that the child-labor pro- 
visions of the Fair Labor Standards Act do not apply to messengers 
employed by the Western Union Telegraph Company. 

This means that so far as minimum age for employment is con- 
cerned, telegraph messengers are now subject only to the minimum 
age standards set by State laws. 



180 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



,5 



o So"" s 



11 



S * c 



2l 



o a> 
O c! 



-73 a 



O Q> 



1-1 (M r-l M t-H W tH rH 



t-oooieoaj(N(Mi-ioeo 



00 «D t- 05 O 00 00 lO 

(M eo w "5 «o •>j< o iM «D eo ;o 

»-l 1-1 00 t> W IN ■<J< ^ r-l O 



lo eo<3i«> o 

<0 00 N to 



ooo 

O 00 
r-lOO 



CI U3 Oi O t> CO CO to iH «>(M 

<0 0?0 Tf t> M«D_t>O>_eO00 

oT 00 o (NO r-Too'ui" ■'t r-T 

1-t (M C<J t> t> r-<rH 



<M eo eo eo kfl "5 w t- CO o 
o eo 00 «o Tj< ca oj T-i N t> 
w eo i-H i-i 03 



OS U5 lO 
1-1 (N <D 00 1 



>>?><1 



eo<o S2 



(M 00 00 

t- a> 00 



N 00 IQ 

1-1 eo O- 
<o eo 



OS CD t- 
eo-<t 

CO ci" 00 

0> U3 CO 
iH CO 
«9- 



i-tCO ^ 
05 eo U5 

1* CO 



1-1 <M 

eo eo 

(N IN 



goo 



The Child-Care Program 



181 



The Child-Care Program 

The Child-Care program for services to pre-school children 
(ages 2 to 6) of working mothers, recognized by the State Board 
of Education in jNIarch, 1943, by the appointment of a State Child 
Care Consultant, was sponsored, in most cases by the local boards 
of education most of which appointed county Child Care super- 
visors. An activity program is given the children in addition to 
care of their physical needs. The program was financed by Federal 
Aid from Lanham Act Funds for cost of equipment and for the major 
part of the cost of operation. The remaining operation costs, from 
$3 to $5 per week, were paid by the parent or local contributions. 
The child care centers were housed in school buildings, private 
dwellings, a fire house, or church basements which set a good ex- 
ample of use of available facilities. 

Children were taught to take care of their possessions, to explore 
the world around them, to share materials, to be friendly and help- 
ful; they were told stories and listened to music; they were given a 
daily health inspection, taught health habits, given indoor and out- 
door play activities, rest and sleep, necessary meals at midday, 
breakfast in some cases, and mid-morning and mid-afternoon snacks. 

Under this program school age children of working mothers were 
also cared for before and after school, on Saturdays and during vaca- 
tions. This program provided meals, physical education, training in 
arts and crafts, and opportunity to participate in individual activi- 
ties of interest to the children. In Baltimore City, this after school 
program was the responsibility of the Department of Recreation. 

The State Child Care Consultant held two conferences during 
the year at the Enoch Pratt Free Library for supervisors and teach- 
ers of Child Care Centers, for the white on November 6, 1944, and 
for the colored on January 25, 1945, with the following program: 

I. Contributions from county supervisors of child care centers on: 

A. Providing special services and transportation at Child Care Centers. 

B. Opening a new center. 

C. Teacher-training. 

D. Providing for needs of pre-school children at various age levels. 

E. A good program for the school-age child. 

II. Education at Child Care Centers. 

III. Ask the Experts 

A board of experts consisting of representatives from the Federal Works Agency, Federal 
Public Housing Authority, State Health Department, Bureau of Child Hygiene and Nutri- 
tion, Nursery School teachers and U. S. Office of Education were present to answer questions 
sent previously to the State Department of Education, 

IV. Movies of phases of child growth and development and nursery educa- 
tion. 



182 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Supervision of County High Schools 

The supervision of county high schools was cared for by four 
State high school supervisors, each of whom was assigned counties for 
which he was responsible as well as the accrediting of private schools. 
In addition, there were State Supervisors of the following special 
subjects: Industrial arts and education (part-time), home economics, 
educational and vocational guidance, agriculture (part-time), phys- 
ical education and recreation,* and special education classes for 
retarded youth.* Allegany, Baltimore, Carroll, and Montgomery 
Counties each employed a full-time high school supervisor, while 
Anne Arundel, Harford, and Prince George's had part-time super- 
visors, with whom the State supervisors cooperated when they 
visited these counties. 

The Fall Report of the High School Principal 

In connection with the Fall Report of High School Principal, 
described on pages 167-168 of the 1944 report it was agreed by the 
high school supervisors that Parts I, II, and III should be called for 
in October and Parts IV to IX should be expected by the first of 
May. Reactions and suggestions regarding the report were desired 
from principals before reprinting. 

Credit for Work in the Armed Services 

The State Board of Education on October 20, 1944, approved 
the following recommendation of the high school supervisors: 

One unit of credit toward high school graduation shall be allowed 
on the basis of the induction courses given in the various branches of 
the armed services. The credit will be counted as in physical educa- 
tion and hygiene. 

Previously the giving of high school credit had been approved 
by the State high school supervisors for courses taken through the 
Armed Forces Institute and for work of a technical nature taken in 
various service schools: Radio, aviation, electricity, etc. 

Military Induction and High School Graduation 

The State Board of Education on October 20, 1944, agreed that 
the few young men who had volunteered for military service or who 
had been selected for such service between the opening of school in 
1942 and December 1, 1942, and therefore had been unable to grad- 
uate, might be awarded State diplomas, upon recommendation of 
the principals concerned. This action merely extended to these 
young men the same privilege granted others between December 1, 
1942 and June, 1943. Since the latter date, no diplomas have been 
awarded on this basis. 

The program of war-time adaptations of the high school program 
for older boys who are likely still to be inducted into the armed 
services will be continued. 

Points of Emphasis in 1944-45 

The continuation of bettering community relations, the ''Na- 
tional Go-to-School Drive," and study of the State school program 
were set up by the high school supervisors as points of emphasis 
during the school year 1944-45. 

* These were full time members of the staff who divided their time between elementary and high 
schools. 



Emphases in Supervision of County High Schools 



183 



THE NATIONAL GO-TO- SCHOOL DRIVE 

Earlv in the school vear 1944-45 each high school principal v^as 
sent a cojpy of the NATIONAL GO-TO-SCHOOL DRIVE bulletin, 
issued jointly by the U. S. Office of Education and the Children's 
Bureau with the hope that it v^ould prove helpful in planning a 
program to keep children in school. 

Principals were informed that there had bean a loss of approxi- 
mately 3,000 in county high school enrollment, during the school 
year 1943-44. While the decreased birth rate during the twenties and 
early thirties, which had just begun to affect the high school enroll- 
ment, is partially responsible for this marked decrease, research 
studies show that a large percentage of the decrease is due to employ- 
ment of high-school-age youth. Unless a concerted drive is under- 
taken to enroll all pupils of high school age and adjust the high school 
programs to their needs, principals were told it is possible that 
additional large numbers will withdraw from school and seek em- 
ployment during the school year 1944-45. 

BETTERING COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS 

The publication in November 1944 of a summary of the com- 
mittee reports developed at the Towson State-wide conference of 
high school principals on ''School Community Relationships" made 
available the thinking of the group. An outline of the subjects studied 
by the various committees was published in the 1944 annual report 
of the State Department of Education on pages 168 and 169. 

The publication in November 1944 of the bulletin planned by 
Mr. Fontaine entitled ''The Public and Its Schools" emphasized 
still further the need of bettering community relations. The place of 
superintendent, principal, teachers, pupils, members of the county 
board of education and of the regional schoolmen's club in organizing 
the public relations program is set forth with specific suggestions 
for each. A presentation of what the public should know about its 
schools deals with the organization of the State and county school 
systems; the equalization principle in providing opportunities for all 
the children in Maryland, whether they live in financially. rich or poor 
counties; the aims and problems of Maryland high schools; the 
adaptations of the high school program brought on by the war; 
the cost of public education; the tremendous turnover of teachers; 
the relation of small high schools to lack of adaptation of program to 
needs of children and to efficiency; post-war problems and the guid- 
ance program. The opportunity offered by an effective active 
parent-teacher association in bringing about better understanding 
of their common purpose in promoting the welfare of children is 
shown through illustration of actual accomplishments. Methods of 
using the State annual report in interpreting the schools are outlined. 
Recommendations are given of ways of bringing out the significance 
of good attendance, persistence to high school graduation, richness or 
meagerness of subject offerings, failures, withdrawals and non- 
promotions, teacher resignations and salaries, total and per pupil 
costs and their relation to improving conditions not contributing 
to the best interests of the community's children. 



184 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

Other methods and devices for interpreting the schools to the 
pubHc through press, radio, school exhibits, graduation exercises, 
work-experience programs, forums for public discussion, the cur- 
riculum, cooperation with community organizations, the alumni 
association, etc. are described. Anyone interested in improving his 
school situation will find a wealth of suggestions in this bulletin. 

THE TWELVE-YEAR PROGRAM 

When it became evident that the 1945 legislature would act 
favorably on the administration recommendations for the twelve- 
year program by amending Sections 186 to 189 of Article 77 which 
deal with ''High Schools,'' early in 1945 the high school supervisors 
called in ''The Planning Committee for the Third Annual State Wide 
Principals' Conference" to discuss the problem of building a more 
functional program of adequate secondary education for the post- 
war period. Because of the 0. D. T.* ban on gatherings of more than 
fifty people, it was decided to hold in each county or combination 
of counties a planned series of at least two meetings during March 
and April, 1945, at which the attention of principals, the county 
superintendents, an elementary school supervisor, and a seventh 
grade teacher would be directed to discussion of ways and means 
of proceeding toward the development of a twelve-year system for 
''all American youth." 

It was in the fall of 1941 that the high school supervisors had 
launched the curriculum study program and had issued the "Cur- 
riculum Study Guide." Shortly thereafter came Pearl Harbor and 
all activity regarding the curriculum was directed toward adapting 
the program to wartime conditions. Some material in the "Cur- 
riculum Study Guide" applies directly to the adaptation of the 
program to the twelve-year system and to meeting the needs of all 
youth. Principals and their faculties were asked to review the fol- 
lowing materials: 

A Curriculum Study Guide, pp. 22-29; 95-103; 165-181. 

Administrative Practices in the Junior High School, Bulletin of the National 
Association of Secondary-School Principals, Washington, D. C, March 
1944. 

The Future of the Junior High School, The School Executive, February 1945. 
Planning for American Youth, Bulletin of the National Association of Second- 
ary School Principals. 

The following questions were used at some of the principals' 
conferences: 

Two basic questions 

1. What can we do as a first step toward a twelve-year system? 

2. What questions do we need to raise (and answer as far as possible) in 
directing our thinking along this line? 

Additional questions 
A. Organization 

1. When do we plan to start putting into effect the twelve-grade system? 

2. With what grade do we expect to begin? 

3. Do we contemplate a 6-6 organization, a 6-3-3, or other type? 

4. Do we plan to begin with the oncoming seventh grade or the on- 
coming eighth grade? 

* Office of Defense Transportation. 



Planning for the Twelve- Year Program 



185 



B. The New Junior High School 

1. At what level should departmentalization be begun? 

2. Should it be introduced gradually or all at once? 

3. Can we plan a reasonably satisfactory junior high school program 
for a school of 100 pupils or fewer? 

4. Would it be possible to have, particularly in smaller schools, a pro- 
gram which would not be organized completely by grades? 

5. Is it necessary to use the A-B-C-D marking system in the junior high 
school? 

6. From what sources shall we get our teachers — from the State teach- 
ers colleges or from the liberal arts colleges? Should they all have 
degrees? 

7. Should we plan something in the way of terminal courses on the 
assumption that many pupils will not go into the senior high school? 

8. To what extent can a small junior high school be added to a six- 
year elementary school? 

9. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a six-year high school 
housed as one unit? 

10. What is the minimum size for a real junior high school? 

C. Organizing the Curriculum 

1. How shall we attack the development of curriculum through (a) 
specific subjects and units: e.g., biology, psychology, South American 
relations, problems of democracy, etc; (b) areas of subject matter: 
e.g., English, social studies, health and physical education, fine arts, 
etc.; and (c) areas of interest: e.g., vocational competency, develop- 
ment of citizenship, home and family life, etc.? Are there other 
possibilities? 

2. How can we utilize existing materials and facilities to advantage 
without blocking further progress? 

3. To what extent are some schools ready to come in much further 
"up the ladder" than other schools? 

4. What are some of the new areas which should be considered for the 
junior and senior high school program? 

5. How far can we safely depart (considering the existing teacher supply 
situation) from traditional subject-matter type of organization? 

D. General Considerations and Policies 

1. What can we learn from twelve-grade systems in our own State? 
From those in other states? From states which have recently swung 
from eleven- to twelve-grade systems? 

2. What do we hope to get out of an added year of school? 

3. What can be done in the way of utilizing public interest and advice 
in developing the program? 

4. Can anything be done to educate the public regarding the inadequacy 
of the small high school and the desirability of consolidation? 

5. Shall we look forward to the policy of giving "credits" only for the 
senior high school and leave the junior high school free to plan its 
program as a three-year sequence? 

PLANS CONCERNING THE 1945 SUMMER CONFERENCE AT TOWSON 

At the State Department of Education staff conference on March 
9, the following miscellaneous questions regarding the summer con- 
ference at Towson were discussed : 

1. Should the exploratory committee confine its thoughts largely to the 
content of the conference and leave the administrative details to be 
worked out by the superintendents' committee and the State Depart- 
ment staff? 

2. To what extent can the committee of fifteen principals who are serving 
as the "Committee on Postwar Secondary Education" be used? 



186 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

3. What responsibilities should be assigned to the various members of the 
State Department at the conference? 

4. What working committees are needed in organizing the conference? 

Conference program committee? Editorial? 
Texts and reference materials? Policies? 
Arrangements? Social? 

5. What shall be done in the way of planning for the colored teachers at 
Bowie? 

6. To what extent should representatives from Baltimore City be asked to 
work with the group? 

7. How much is needed in the way of professional books, sample courses of 
study, etc.? 

8. Should there be exhibits of outstanding textbooks, particularly in the 
junior high school field, to be supplied by the various publishers? In- 
dications are that such exhibits will be sent on request. 

9. How can the members of the education departments of the various col- 
leges be best utilized in planning for the conference and in carrying it out? 

10. What shall be the policy regarding visitors? 

11. Are there any further suggestions about consultants who should be in- 
vited (e.g., Caswell, Spears, Aiken, Meek, Thayer, Harold Clark, etc.)? 

12. Is it sound to think about two different types of outside people — (1) back- 
ground speakers, (2) curriculum consultants? 

At the Department staff conference on May 4th the chief topic 
of discussion was the summary of further conclusions regarding the 
summer conference. 

1. It was the general consensus that the conference should begin on July 2, 
and run for three weeks. 

2. The maximum number in attendance was set tentatively at 125, includ- 
ing State Department members. This would average about four people 
per county, with fewer in the smaller counties and more in the larger ones. 

3. There was general agreement that teachers' expenses should be taken care 
of and that probably a flat sum should be paid all people attending the 
conference who are not employed on a twelve-month basis. The details 
of this will be decided by the planning committee. 

4. A question was raised as to whether it would be wise to decide at this 
time that small committees would be formed in the various areas specified. 
It was thought that out of the deliberations of the guiding committee 
might well come a tentative statement of the various problems upon 
which small working groups would concentrate during the conference 
sessions. 

5. A superintendents' committee is to be appointed to work with the mem- 
bers of the State Department, the high school principals, etc., in setting 
up plans for the conference. 

6. A guiding committee of about fifteen members from all over the State 
will be selected and will meet from time to time during the spring, for a 
week or ten days prior to the opening of the conference itself, and pos- 
sibly after the close of the conference. This committee will be charged 
not so much with planning the machinery of the conference as with doing 
some concentrated thinking on the ends to be attained and the broad 
outline of what the conference group should consider. 

The following letter to superintendents and participants was 
sent on June 14, 1945, to indicate the plans for the summer con- 
ference as they finally matured: 

1. The conference will begin at ten o'clock on July 2, 1945, at the State Teach- 
ers College at Towson, and will close on Saturday, July 14, meetings being 
held on July 4 and on Saturdays, July 7 and 14. 

2. The Committee recommended that the conference last for two rather than 
three weeks, but strongly recommended also that the counties conduct a 
definite study and planning program of their own during the last two weeks 
of July. The Committee made the point that it would be difficult for the 
counties to keep the teachers during the month of August, and that only 



Planning for the 1945 Summer Conference at Towson 187 



one week in July would be too short for them to accomplish much with 
their specific problems. Members of the State Department staff will be 
available for specific work for short periods of time during these two weeks. 
If State budgetary arrangements can be made,* it is hoped that it will 
be possible to provide for various brief conferences during the next year 
or two. 

3. The Committee recommends that instead of paying the regular salaries 
of the principals and teachers attending the conference, each county pay 
each of its participating principals and teachers the sum of $40 per week' 
plus expenses. The cost of room and board will be $10 a week; traveling 
expenses will vary with the distance from Towson. 

4. It was generally agreed that the superintendents would attend the first 
week, and for the following week also, if possible. All the speakers can- 
not come during the first week, but those speakers whose topics will be 
of major concern to the superintendents will, if possible, be scheduled for 
the first week. 

The speakers engaged so far include Governor O' Conor; Mr. Tasker 
G. Lowndes, President of the State Board of Education; Dr. Paul H. 
Good, Executive Secretary of the Committee on Education, United States 
Chamber of Commerce; Dr. Ivan E. McDougle, Professor of Economics 
and Sociology, Goucher College; and Dr. Lloyd M. Bertholf, Professor of 
Biology, Western Maryland College. 

5. A conference for the colored schools, not to exceed two weeks, will be held 
at the State Teachers College at Bowie to be attended by from 25 to 35 
colored supervisors and specially selected teachers and principals. 

On June 19, the 100 to 125 persons planning to attend the Tow- 
son summer conference were asked to indicate their first, second, and 
third choices regarding membership on the following committees. 
They were told that while it might not be possible to assign everyone 
to the committee of his choice, an effort would be made to do so. 

Language Arts Resources (to work in the area of 

Social Studies identifying and fisting materials 

Science available, such as textbooks, visual 

Mathematics aids, curriculum outHnes, etc.) 

Health and Physical Education Implementation (to help prepare 

Fine Arts (art, music, drama) suggestions for following up on 

Practical Arts and Vocational the local level the work begun at 

Education (home economics, Towson) 

industrial arts, agriculture, Junior High School (to consider the 

business education) content and organization of various 

Guidance types of junior high school programs) 

Experimental Practices (to work 

specifically on types of organization 
less frequently used, such as the core 
program, correlation of two or more 
subject fields, etc.) 

THE SCOPE OF THE SUMMER CONFERENCE AT TOWSON 

Since the Towson Conference will be in session for only two 
weeks, it is necessary to limit the scope of the work to the following: 

1. The adoption of a master plan for the state educational program for the 
entire 12 years of schooling. 

2. The consideration of the junior high school, particularly the development 
of the general scope and sequence of the 7th and 8th years. 

3. The development of general suggestions for the content, resources, and 
procedures for the various curriculum areas of the 7th and 8th years. 

4. The development of various organizational plans for inaugurating the 
program in individual schools. 

* The Governor by budget amendment made available $5,000 in 1945-46. 



188 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

5. Planning the types of units to be included in the various subjects or area 
levels of the 7th and 8th years, with the construction of sample units as 
far as possible. 

6. The examination of programs, courses of study, units, textbooks, and 
instructional materials used in the 7th and 8th years in other sections of 
the country. 

7. The development of techniques for: 

a. Continuing on a local level the work begun at Towson. 

b. Building in-service training programs for teachers as they use and 
develop the program. 

c. Acquainting the public with the program and securing help in its 
development. 

In order to accomplish these purposes, it has been felt necessary 
to have: 

1. An exploratory committee consider many of the aspects of the program 
and present recommendations to the entire group. 

2. Much of the work of the conference carried on by committees who work 
on specific aspects of the program. 

It will be helpful for those who attend to keep in mind that the 
Towson Conference is in no sense a culmination step in Maryland's 
new educational program. Its business, solely, is to supply a back- 
ground and to lay the general foundation. The real work is to follow 
when the classroom teachers in the various counties, under the 
guidance of the superintendent, supervisors and members of the State 
Department, and the representatives from the counties who attend 
the conference, begin work on the construction and the revision of 
the county course of study. 

The conference will not attempt the following: 

1. The outHning of a program complete in all its details, for schools to follow* 

2. The organization of programs for specific schools. 

3. The building of specific courses of study for every field. 

4. The building of specific units for a full year's work in any field. 

MARYLAND LOOKS AHEAD IN EDUCATJON 

As a result of the work of the exploratory committee selected to 
do preliminary thinking and planning regarding the Summer Con- 
ference, mimeographed material entitled "Maryland Looks Ahead 
in Education'* was prepared and sent out June 23, 1945, for the use 
of every person invited to attend the conference. Included in the 
material were four charts. Chart I is reproduced here. In Chart II 
the five areas of the curriculum on Chart I were listed at the left as 
stub items with each of the seven threads running through the areas 
at the top center of Chart I shown as successive headings of columns 
extending to the right. Opposite each stub item and under each head- 
ing were listed the understandings which must take place in each 
individual (see left of Chart I) in order that he might achieve the 
ends for which we educate (see right of Chart I). 

Each person attending the conference was asked to examine 
critically Chart II both as to the arrangement and the content of the 
various squares. It was suggested that notations of additional items 
be inserted in the appropriate squares on the chart. 

In Chart III a typical subject matter curriculum organization 
for primary and intermediate grades and junior high and senior high 



THE INDIVIDUAL AND HIS EDUCATIONAL PROG-RAM 



THE INDIVIDUAL 



In order to live auooessfuHy 
ana happily In a democratic- 
Industrial civiliiation euch 
a» OUTB must develop certain 
values and ways of living. 



GROWS DP AS A PERSON 



LIVES IN A WORLD OF THINGS 



LIVES IN A WORLD OF WORK 



THE ABOVE FACTORS 
DETERIUNE THE AREAS 
OP THE CURRICULUM 



THREADS RDNNINS THROUGH THE AREAS 



AREAS OF THE CURRICULtM 



I I I 



PERSONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT 



THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT 



THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT 

Performing the responsibilities of citizens, toking a home. 
Cooperating in social and civic action. Group living. 
Social studies, governaent, the social heritage, 
consumer education. 



THE EXPRESSIONAL ARTS 



V 



WHAT GOES ON IN THE ABOVE AREAS DEPENDS ON: 

The nature of the learner 
How he learns 

Our way of life in America 



Chart 1, 



THE ENDS FOR 
WHICH WE EDUCATE 



I 



y' Knowledge and habits of 



Physical and Mental health . 



A healthy attitude toward and use of good worit habits. 
Reverence for and practice of sound ethical and moral principles 



Ability to purchase and use goods and services intelligently. 

A respect for the worth of the individual and an awareness of tjie 
Importance of the physical environment, resulting In a sound 
attitude toward the conservation of human and natural 
resources. 



and training for the bases of wholesoae family life 
In experiencing 



Growing appreciation of living through literature , art , and bus 
Knowledge of vocations and some training in vocational fitness . 



Contents of "Maryland Looks Ahead in Education" 



189 



school years was shown for the areas of the curriculum included on 
Chart i. In Chart IV a type of Core Curriculum Organization was 
set up in which related actual life activities involving the natural 
and social environment and the arts of expression and intercommun- 
ication would be fused and become the life of the school. 

The mimeographed material entitled "Maryland Looks Ahead 
in Education'' also included "Some Developmental Characteristics 
of the Elementary CMW listed under headings of physical growth, 
mental growth, social growth, and emotional growth for children from 
five to eight and for those from nine to twelve years. However, this 
breakdown was preceded by the caution that each individual is a 
unique being and grows as a whole organism. Individuals differ in 
rate, degree, and kind of growth. Although the elements of growth 
have been considered as separate factors for purposes of studying 
children, educators must recognize the fact that physical, mental, 
social, and emotional growth cannot be separated. 

In order that there be a clear-cut idea of the integral function of 
the junior high school, a series of statements, made up of quotations 
from J. Paul Leonard, Arthur J. Jones, R. D. Lindquist, and others 
was prepared on What the Junior High School Should Accomplish — 

Some ^'iewpoints on Organization and Program. 

Ideas of continuity and continuous development of children into 
adolescents and later into adults must be cooperatively determined. 
Advice is given against complete departmentalization of the 
junior high school program, i. e. sudden shifting from the guidance 
of one teacher in the elementary school grades to assignments from 
five different teachers, and from a unified to a specialized interest. 
Also, early specialization and determination of vocational choices is 
to be avoided in favor of continued development of powers of per- 
sonal and social adjustment during the junior high school period. 

During the three years of development in the junior high school 
an extended study of problems growing out of the following is sug- 
gested by excerpts from J. Paul Leonard in Frontiers in Junior 
High School Education: ^ 

*'The first major area is personal and social adjustment involving 
study of the following problems: 

(a) the character of the physical and emotional changes in his own organism; 

(b) the social traditions surrounding his attempt to become a conscious mem- 
ber of a larger social group and his relationships with the opposite sex; 

(c) the cultural resources of the community in which he lives; 

(d) the organic and inorganic world with which he is surrounded; 

(e) the principles and practices of organizing and governing in the school and 
the larger community; 

(f) colitact with agencies and people who are serving him; 

(g) experiences in becoming a participating part of the community. 

"This program would require the majority of the time of the junior 
youth during the first year of this period and it should be carried on under the 
guidance of one or not to exceed two teachers. During the next two years 
of development, this socializing program would occupy about half of the 
youth's time, and should still be carried by one teacher or possibly a team 
of two. 



190 1945 Report of Ma^ylaxd State Dupartmznt of Educa':ion 

"The organizing center of such a program of sociaHzation should be 
problems which emerge from the youth's experience in new situations. For 
this work, there need be no administrative di\'isions into fifty-minute periods, 
or instructional di\isions into subjects. 

''The second major area of. the program we may call on? of in- 
terest developing. This is a division planned to give the youth an 
opportunity to discover and partially develop interests or areas of 
study which he might like to pursue now or later. It would be a time 
in which youth would feel free to follow or establish some interests 
without having each program carefully planned by the teacher. 

"We have been guilty of crowding excessively the life of the child during 
these years of emerging adolescence. What time the school doesn't fill, the 
home does with music and dancing lessons, scouting, church activities, movie 
going, homework, parties, or work for profit. The result of all this is that the 
day is entirely planned for the youth, leaving him frustrated in doing the 
things he plans himself and nervous in trying to satisfy all the demands placed 
upon him. There is very great need for slowing down the tempo and for cur- 
tailing the number of activities planned by adults for junior high school 
youth." 

The mimeographed bulletin Maryland Looks Ahead in Education 
also included "Some Developmental Characteristics of Junior High 
School Pupils" from the aspects of Physical, Mental, Social and 
Overall Personal Development with the implications each aspect of 
development has for the School Program. 

There is included from the bulletin the following: 

SUMMARY OF CERTAIN SIGNIFICANT PURPOSES OF THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

The junior high school is the organization of the seventh, eighth, 
and ninth grades into an administrative unit for the purpose of pro- 
viding instruction and training suitable to the varied and changing 
physical, mental, and social natures and needs of immature, matur- 
ing, and mature pupils. Its basic purpose is not primarily to prepare 
students for the senior high but rather to provide rich experiences 
for youth in grades seven to nine. The junior high school is to be re- 
garded as one level of a continuous unified system of education. We 
are, therefore, justified in assuming that a statement of purposes 
that is adequate for education in general is, on an appropriate level, 
applicable to the junior high school. We suggest the following as 
being particularly pertinent: 

1. Development of actual living practices which promote personal and 
community health and safety and an understanding of the scientific 
basis of such practices. 

2. Development of the ability to live normally, courteously, and happily 
with others, with special emphasis on wholesome family and school rela- 
tionships, and on true sportsmanship in all competitive relationships, 

3. Development of a widening concept of group life to include community, 
state, and nation. This concept should be based on the principle of respect 
for all men and of mutual cooperation for the welfare of all. 

4. Development of sound ideas, ideals, and habits of work. 

5. Introduction to the modern world of applied science and its value for 
adaptation to and control of the natural environment. 

6. Development of increased and increasing skill in using the tools of learn- 
ing: oral and written language, reading, and arithmetic. 

7. Recognition of and opportunity for development of the child's awakening 
rehgious and aesthetic sensibilities. 



Contents of "Maryland Looks Ahead in Education" 191 

8. Development of sound ethical and moral sensibilities and habits. 

9. Exploration of individual talents and tastes with time and opportunity 
for their expression. Attention is particularly called to the broad fields 
of music, poetry, and art. 

10. Development of manipulative and hand skills with the special purpose 
of helping the pupil develop wholesome hobbies. 

11. Development of a realization that no person is truly educated unless he 
has become a regular reader of newspapers, digests, standard magazines, 
and books. The beginning of discriminatory selection of reading material 
should be developed under wise and broad-minded guidance. 

12. Recognition of the part played in general and out-of-school education 
by the movies and the radio. There should be study and comparison 
of many programs with sound, critical evaluation to the end that these 
agencies may become more helpful than harmful. 



SOME IMPORTANT BEHAVIOR CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENTS 

Early adolescent behavior stems from adolescent needs and 
the attempts made to meet those needs. These needs develop from 
the physical, mental, social, and personal changes which are taking 
place. 

1. The early adolescent likes to engage in strenuous exercise and group games 
with the same sex. 

2. Early adolescence is the "gang" age period giving little attention to age, 
intelligence, or social status of the members just so long as they are loyal 
and live up to the gang code. 

3. The adolescent wants freedom from parental control but at the same time 
wants to retain the love of his parents and the security of the home. 

4. They like to have advice but at the same time they want freedom and the 
opportunity to assume responsibility. 

5. Early adolescent interests are mainly centered on manipulative, con- 
structive, and experimental activities. 

6. The interest span on any one subject is relatively brief. 

7. The adolescent enjoys doing many different kinds of work for little or no 
financial reward — helping teacher in caring for the classroom, running 
errands for the neighbors, etc. 

• 8. Occupational and vocational interests begin to develop often from associa- 
tion with members of the family, friends, and relatives, but are subject 
to change. 

9. Antagonism is often developed toward parents, teachers, other adults, 
and also toward such things as attending parties, taking part in plays, 
doing little things around the home and school. 

10. There is often little concern about making social adjustments, conform- 
ing to group standards of conduct, personal appearance, and approved 
manners. 

11. The early adolescent whether boy or girl is a hero worshipper. 

12. The adolescent is particularly conscious of his physical being and the 
rapid changes in this direction often cause him to retire within himself 
or to engage in behavior designed to make him overconspicuous. 

The bulletin ended with material on the ''Nature of the Senior 
High School Learner" with data on physical, mental, emotional and 
social characteristics and ''Suggested Points of Emphases for the 
Senior High School." These involved: 

1. Need of meeting the needs, interests and capacities of all youth enrolled. 
The small school with only one curriculum should surely not offer the 
academic course needed by only a small minority but should offer one 
adapted to the needs and capacities of the majority of pupils. If this is 
done the withdrawal of pupils before graduation should be much reduced. 

2. Need of vocational education opportunties. 



192 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

3. Need of caring for individual differences with special attention to the 
bright and gifted. 

4. Increased attention to the importance of good international relationships. 

5. Preparation for wholesome family life. 

6. Instruction in conservation including health, safety and security of people 
as well as natural resources. 

7. Consumer education. 

8. Development of discriminating taste for and habits of reading adapted 
to various levels and tastes. 

9. Instruction in the language arts — speaking and writing — to be functional 
and not on the basis of grammatical principles. 

10. Social and economic tensions growing out of differences in race and religion 
should be considered on the basis of the dignity and worth of each in- 
dividual. 

11. The effect of the airplane on new concepts of space, direction and distance, 
and new employment opportunities should be part of the high school pro- 
gram, 

12. New concepts of the function of subject matter, its relationship to learn- 
ing, and reorganization of traditional subject matter materials must be 
made to meet the needs of all youth. 

The bulletin ends with this statement: 

The experiences which the school provides, the subjects assigned for 
study, the pupil activities selected, the emphasis given to each of the various 
larger ends and purposes will necessarily vary with the age and maturity of the 
learner and the peculiar and distinctive physical, mental and emotional 
characteristics of the child at the various stages of his development. 

In addition to the references included on pages 184 and 189, 
the bulletin ended with the following Selected References: 
Bobbitt, Franklin. The Postwar Curriculum: Functional vs. Academic and The 
Superiority of the Functional Plan, The School Review, February and March, 
1945: or The Education Digest, March and April, 1945. 
Counts, George S. Education and the Promise of America. The Macmillan Com- 
pany;, 1945. 

Dix, Lester. A Charter for Progressive Education. Teachers College, Columbia 
University, 1929. 

Educational Policies Commission, National Education Association, Washington 6, 
D. C. 

The Purposes of Education in American Democracy. 

The Unique Functions of Education in American Democracy, 1937. 

The Education of Free Men in American Democracy, 1941. 

Education of All American Youth, 1944. 
Giles, H. H. Teacher-Pupil Planning. Harper and Brothers, 1941. 
The Modern Junior High School. National Association of Secondary School 

Principals Bulletin, Vol. 29, No. 130, April, 1945. 
Pringle, Ralph W. The Junior High School. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 

1937. 

The Subject Fields in General Education. Progressive Education Association, 
D. Appleton-Century Company. 

Santa Barbara County Curriculum Guide for Teachers of Secondary Schools. Santa 
Barbara, California: The Schauer Printing Studio, 1941. 

Smith, Maurice M., Standley, L. L., Hughes, Cecil L. Junior High School Ed- 
ucation. 

Spears, Harold. The Emerging High School Curriculum. American Book Com- 
pany, 1940. 

Mental Health in the Classroom. Thirteenth Yearbook, Department of Supervisors 
and Directors of Instruction. National Education Association. Washing- 
ton 6, D. C. 

Wartime Facts and Postwar Problems. The Twentieth Century Fund, 330 West 
42nd Street, New York, N. Y., 1943. 



"Maryland Looks Ahead in Education;" Supervision of Colored 193 

Schools 



Supervision of Colored Schools 

The State Supervisor of Colored Schools spends the greater part 
of his time in the field working with the colored high school prin- 
cipals and teachers and the remainder in assisting the county super- 
visors of colored schools and in finding qualified teachers to nominate 
to the county superintendents, this requiring more time than was 
formerly required because of the abnormal turnover of teachers due 
to the draft, enlistment and work for the government or war indus- 
tries. The State supervisor visited various colleges in the winter 
and spring to interview applicants for positions. 

In each of eight counties a full-time colored supervisor was em- 
ployed toward whose salary the State gave $750. In Frederick and 
Talbot the part-time colored supervisor also acted as principal of 
the high school, in Caroline as principal of an elementary school, and 
in Harford and Carroll as part-time high school teacher. In Cecil, 
Howard, Queen Anne's, Somerset and Worcester, the attendance 
worker also acted as supervisor of colored schools, in Baltimore 
County supervision of colored schools was assigned to the assistant 
superintendent of schools, and in Kent it was done by the county 
superintendent. 

At the conference of county supervisors of colored schools held 
August 24-25, 1944, at the Booker T. Washington Junior High School 
in Baltimore City the problems of the supervisors were used as dis- 
cussion topics. 

A. Reading as a factor in the educative process 
Teaching oral and silent reading by considering: 

a. Experiences and interests of pupils 

b. Development of word perception 

c. Knowledge of the form and sound of letter symbols 

d. Phonics 

e. Selection of varied and stimulating reading materials 

f. Types of questions 

g. Differences among pupils — kind and extent 

h. Respect for punctuation marks 

i. Emphasis on specific words for the effect on the listener 
j. Correct pronunciation and incisive enunciation 

k. Context of a reading passage 

1. Table of contents and index of a book 

m. Glossary of the text 

n. Use of the dictionary 

o. Library selections 

p. Test materials 

B. Helping teachers make extra-textbook materials, such as maps, charts, 
graphs, bulletins, selections from the library, workbooks 

C. Ways of helping the beginning teacher 

D. Insuring that teachers check and follow-up pupils attending school 
irregularly 

E. Bringing the school to the public and securing the co-operation of parents 

F. Developing in teachers an appreciation of both vocational and so-called 
cultural education in the training of colored youth 

G. Raising the professional level of teachers which has suffered from high 
turnover during the war 

H. Use of current events in the classroom 

I. Helping teachers to prepare their pupils for adaptation to the world 
of tomorrow 



194 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

J. Assisting teachers to give special consideration to pupils who are under- 
privileged, because they live excessive distances from the school, home 
conditions are unfortunate, the parents are indifferent to the educational 
welfare of the children, pupils are undernourished, have some physical 
defect, or are timid. 

K. Factors involved in teaching citizenship: 

a. Helping the other fellow 

b. Appreciating the rights of others 

c. Courtesy 

d. Respect for authority 

e. Industry 

f. Conservation of financial resources and of health 

g. Intelligent exercise of political privileges 

h. Good beha\ior in the community 

i. Openness in speech and behavior 

j. A recognition of the fact that opportunities and privileges carry with 
them obligations and desirable social responses 
L. County-wide course-of-study construction for the elementary schools 
M. Making physical-fitness and a recreational program dynamic forces in the 

lives of colored youth 

A summary of the supervisors' responses to these questions was 
sent by the State Supervisor in January 1945, to be used as a guide 
in their work. 

A meeting of the colored high school principals and physical 
education teachers was held September 29 and 30, 1944, at Bowie 
State Teachers College. The first evening the group was addressed 
by Dr. Carroll Reed, Assistant Superintendent of Schools, Washing- 
tion, D. C, on the topic ''What Direction Must Education Take 
to Develop the Potentialities in American Youth." This was fol- 
lowed by a demonstration of physical education activities by Dr. 
Ferguson. The following day Miss Bess Exton, consultant in Health 
Education, talked to the group on ''A Living Experience in and out 
of School. " While the physical education teachers met with Dr. Fer- 
guson, the principals discussed the following problems: 

A. Course of study construction 

B. Summary of the Bowie conference of May 1943 

C. Means of meeting the needs of pupils varying in ability, preparation and 
out-of-school opportunities 

D. The back to school drive — Mr. David Zimmerman 

E. Teaching citizenship 

F. The principal's duties as a supervisor of his school 

G. The principal's duties as an administrator of his school 

H. Use of the "Evaluative Criteria" to improve work in the various areas 
of the school's activities 

I. PubHc relations — bringing the school to the public 
J. Giving pupils work experiences 

K. The principal's obhgation to the Board of Education and county super- 
intendent 

L. Requirements basic to the success of a principal — Dr. George Grant, 
Dean of Morgan State College 

A summary of the discussion and recommendations of the prin-. 
cipals was sent out by the State Supervisor of Colored Schools for 
the'use of the principals in January 1945. 



Supervision of Colored Schools; High School Equivalence 
Examinations 



195 



TABLE 123 — High School Equivalence Examinations in Maryland 



Date 



October 1941 
April 1942 ... 
October 1942 
April 1943 ... 
October 1943 
April 1944 .... 
October 1944 
April 1945 .... 



Candidates Examined, 1941-1945 



Total 



27 
37 
39 
31 
29 
26 
36 



E.xaminations 



Taken Passed 



82 
115 
114 
86 
71 
76 
86 
72 



57 
94 
96 
76 
59 
59 
68 
56 



Cer- 
tificates 
Issued 



1944-45 



County 



Allegany 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Somerset-. 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Baltimore City 
In Service 



Candidates 



Oct. 
1944 



April 
1945 



No. of 



Number Who Passed Following Number of Subjects 



Examinations 


Candi- 














Taken 


dates 





1 


2 


3 


4 


Comp. 



October, 1944 



4 


8 






1 


3 


4 




3... 


9 




2 




6 






2 


10 


3 


3 


4 








1..... 


9 


1 


8 











April 1945 



5 


1 


1 












4 


6 






"i 


5 




3 


3 




"1 


"2 








2 


8 




8 










10 
8 


■4 


"6 






















6 

















Subjects in Which 
Examinations 
Were Taken 



English I 

English II 

English III 

English IV 

Gen. Math 

Algebra I 

Trigonometry 

Ancient History.. 
Modern History. 

U. S. History 

Problems of 

Democracy.... 
General Science . 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Physics 

French I 

Spanish I 

German I 

German II 



Oct. 


1944 


=<P. 


*F. 


2 




2 




5 


1 


8 


1 


1 




1 


3 


4 




3 


i 


8 


2 


8 


2 


5 




1 




1 


"i 




2 


1 




1 





April 1945 



Subjects in Wh ;h 
Examinations 
Were Taken 



Stenography II .... 
Typfcwriting II .... 

Bookkeeping I 

Bookkeeping II.... 
Business Arith. .... 

Business Law... 

Business Training 
Economic Geo- 
graphy 

Salesmanship 

Home Economicsl 
Auto Mechanics .. 

Woodworking 

Music II 

Art I. 

Art II 

Comprehensive .... 

Total 



Oct. 


1944 


P. 


F. 




1 




1 


1 


2 


'5 




1 




4 


1 


3 




1 




"1 




"i 




68 


18 



April 1945 



56 



16 



* P.— Passed. * F.— Failed. 



196 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

equivalence examinaticks 

During 1944-45 the comprehensive tests of general educational 
development in English, social studies, science, literature, and mathe- 
matics were made available for the first time to adults seeking to 
obtain a high school equivalence certificate. These comprehensive 
examinations could take the place of the tests in individual subjects 
in the high school curriculum and were particularly desirable for 
mature individuals who had had many varied experiences and had 
done wide reading along many lines. The certificate is given after 
satisfactory performance on all of the tests. Individuals succeeding 
in some of the tests have the opportunity of trying again those in 
which their performance did not reach the expected standard. 

TEACHERS COLLEGES 

By ruHng of the State Board of Education as of June 10, 1945, 
any student seeking admission to a Teachers College who is found 
upon examination by the college physician to have a physical dis- 
ability which in his estimation will prevent the student from pur- 
suing the course of instruction in physical education and from passing 
the physical examination of the Medical Board, upon graduation 
from high school shall be referred to the Medical Board of the Teach- 
ers' Retirement System. Upon verification of the findings of the 
college physician by that Board, the student shall be refused admis- 
sion. 

The Curriculum 

' The teachers college curriculum adopted and approved by the 
State Board of Education and printed in the annual report for 1943-44 
on pages 181-2 earns for the teachers colleges full recognition 
from other colleges and universities which accept teachers college 
students for further study. The separate courses are evaluated as 
credited in the teachers college catalogues. Baltimore City also 
proposes to credit subject matter courses at the teachers colleges 
toward the major required of high school teachers. 

For the post-war period the President of the State Teachers 
College at Towson summarizes curriculum needs as follows: 

1. Students will need to participate more in planning and evaluating their 
education than they have in the past. The person who has never done 
more than take orders, follow prescriptions, and write answers, is not 
prepared to help pupils in programs requiring planning and evaluating. 

2. There will be needed a strengthening of the emphasis on considering 
every school as an integral part of the community it serves to the extent 
that homes and the school, families-and-teachers-and-children, all become 
one coordinated and integrated unit working toward the same purpose. 
Adults as well as children will need to be included in the educational pro- 
gram. 

3. A new emphasis will be needed on understanding the nature of human 
growth and development, and of biological and social processes. 

4. The general education of the teacher will have to be so organized that 
colleges are concerned with the teacher as a person, an informed citizen, 
and a professional teacher. 



The Teachers Colleges — Curriculum and Graduates 



197 



03 



JBaj^-jno'^ 



sa^BnpBjr) 



sa:}BnpBjr) 



sa^BnpBjQ 



Oa>(N00O(MiOt>?DCD(N05t-U5 
'-l(MCOO?COC0O300'-HC^(M 



sa:;BnpBjr) 



sa^^BnpBjj^ 
jB9A-aaaqx 



sa:;BnpBjr) 
JBa^-OAVx 



sa^jBnpBjf) 
JBa^-jno^ 



sa^BnpBjf) 
jBa^-89jqX 



s^:^BnpBJr) 
jBa^-oMx 



JBa^-jno^ I 



sa:iBnpBjJ3 
JBax-99JMX 



sa:^BnpBjr) 
JBa^-OMj, I 



COlOrHTfCOOlTHi-IOOlOC^COOrH 



sa:jBnpBjf) 
jBa^-jno^ 



sa:jBnpBjQ 
JBax-99Jqj, I 



sac^BnpBjf) I 
JBa^-oMj, i 



leo-Hcooi'-icoi-HO 

IM <N rH rH rH ,-1 rH 



sa^BnpBjQ 
JBaj^-jnoj 



sa:^BnpBJf) 



s^:^BnpBJf) 

JBa^-OMJ, 



t^Or)<OCT>t-OOCO^OO<MOOLOOO 



O 



198 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 125 



Distribution of 1945 Graduates of State Teachers Colleges by Home and Teaching County 



County 


Home County and Teaching County 1945-46 of 1945 Graduates 


All 1945 White 
Graduates 


Towson 
Graduates 


Frostburg 
Graduates 


Salisbury 
Graduates 


Bowie 
Graduates 


Home 
County 


Teach- 
ing 
County 


Home 
County 


Teach- 
ing 
County 


Home 
County 


Teach- 
ing 
County 


Home 
County 


Teach- 
ing 
County 


Home* 

County 


Teach- 
ing 
County 


Counties: 






















Teaching 


78 


81 


39 


42 


20 


20 


19 


19 


17 


18 


Not Teaching.... 


5 


5 


2 


2 


3 


3 






2 


2 




16 


7 






16 


7 






1 


.... 


Anne Arundel 


3 


11 


3 


4 








"i 


1 




Baltimore 


18 


18 


18 


18 












1 


Calvert 




















1 


Caroline 


2 












2 








Carroll.... 


1 


3 


"i 






2 






2 


1 


Cecil 


3 


1 


1 








2 








Charles 






















Dorchester 


i 




















Frederick 


6 


4 


5 


3 


i 


1 






1 


3 


Garrett 


4 


3 






3 


3 










Harford 


1 


4 


i 


S 














Howard 


4 


4 


4 


4 














Kent 






















Montgomery 


' i 


lb 


i 


2 




5 




3 


1 


2 


Prince George's .... 
Queen Anne's 


2 


6 


1 


2 




1 




3 - 


6 


6 




















1 


St, Mary's. 






















Somerset 


4 


2 










4 


2 


1 


1 


Talbot 


3 












3 




1 




Washington 


7 


6 


5 


"5 


2 












Wicomico 


5 


1 


1 








4 


i 


3 


i 


Worcester 


2 


1 










2 








Out of State 


3 


3 






1 


1 


2 


2 






Baltimore City: 






















Teaching 


34 


31 


34 


31 










1 




Not Teaching.... 


5 


5 


5 


5 














Entire State: 


















18 


18 


Teaching 


115 


115 


73 


73 


21 


21 


21 


21 


Not Teaching.... 


10 


10 


7 


7 


3 


3 






2 


2 



Graduates and Enrollment, State Teachers Colleges 199 



TABLE 126 — Enrollment at Maryland State and Coppin Teachers Colleges 













Total 








Towson 






White Students 






Fall of 






Frost- 


Salis- 






Bowie 


Coppin 




City 


County 


burg 


bury 


County 


State 












Regular 


Day Enrollment 








1920 




184 


57 




241 


241 




124 


1921 




397 


101 




498 


498 




185 


1922 




506 


134 




640 


640 




225 


1923... 




569 


125 




694 


694 


11 


225 


1924 


■ - ■- 
518 


602 


149 




751 


1,269 


23 


211 


1925 


411 


513 


197 


107 


817 


1,228 


36 


161 


1926 


275 


475 


201 


158 


834 


1,109 


81 


117 


1927 


268 


402 


192 


170 


764 


1,032 


104 


121 


1928 


315 


359 


178 


186 


723 


1,038 


128 


99 


1929 


346 


368 


173 


174 


715 


1,061 


120 


125 


1930 


298 


348 


161 


165 


674 


972 


109 


171 


1^31 


348 


306 


111 


127 


544 


892 


106 


145 


1932 


289 


257 


136 


101 


494 


783 


122 


127 


1933 


230 


230 


116 


114 


460 


690 


99 


282 


1934 


178 


193 


124 


108 


425 


603 


100 


111 


1935 


193 


147 


137 


185 


469 


662 


96 


112 


1936 


284 


175 


131 


201 


507 


791 


116 


141 


1937 


290 


186 


170 


210 


566 


856 


138 


163 


1938 


340 


222 


212 


239 


673 


1,013 


177 


168 


1939 


322 


249 


223 


273 


745 


1,067 


131 


164 


1940 


277 


234 


221 


221 


676 


953 


150 


156 


1941 


210 


209 


195 


209 


613 


823 


155 


161 


1942 


172 


162 


145 


159 


466 


638 


120 


154 


1943 


141 


146 


96 


*154 


*396 


*537 


109 


130 


1944 


103 


134 


*83 


*120 


*337 


*440 


110 


134 


1945 


101 


166 


*150 


*163 


*479 


*580 


121 


122 


Summer Enrollment 


1942 


136 


137 


$217 


173 


J527 


J663 






1943 


119 


115 


154 


142 


411 


530 






1944 


77 




tl38 


76 


91 


t305 


t382 















* Includes evening and extension students. t Includes 22 taking Spanish, 

t Includes 60 high school students having six weeks instruction before teaching with special 
supervision. 

TABLE 127 — Distribution of Enrollment in Maryland State Teachers Colleges 
and Coppin Teachers College by Class, Fall of 1945 





Towson 






Total 
White Students 












Frost- 


Salis- 






Bowie 


Coppin 




City 


County 


burg 


bury 


County 


State 




Freshman 


44 


81 


36 


91 


208 


252 


43 


29 


Sophomore 


27, 


44 






44 


•71 


32 


35 








24 


20 


44 


44 






Junior 


19 


25 






25 


44 


17 


24 










t39 


39 


39 






Senior 


11 


16 


*17 




33 


44 


29 


34 


Total 


101 


n66 


77 


150 


393 


494 


121 


122 


Extension or Evening 






73 


13 


86 


86 






Resident Students • 


16 


1151 


*36 


*70 


257 


273 


121 




Day Students 


85 


. 15 


41 


93 


149 


234 




122 


Elementary School 


31 


209 


161 


95 


465 


496 


125 


701 



X Includes 8 students from out of state. t Includes 6 special students and one cadet. 

* Includes one cadet. 



200 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



sjoiuas j 1^ 



sjoiunf 



sajoraoqdos " ■■^* 



leo ;io-H ; (M th 03 i-H ;eoc<i 



(M ICO 



:nts jj 
















CO 


c 

E- 

vn 

K 
E- 

s 


sjoiuag 


« 


icooO"— 1 :eo : 


I : : : j ; l-t 








05 


•uas-"unf 


(M 

CO 


:i-hth ; ;eo I I : ; 


: CO r-l 05 tH 


05 1-1 






CO 

eo 




sjoiunp 


CO 
CO 


;coio ; :io ; ; ;co ;co ; 


;co— 1 ; ; : :o3 




05 


a> 




o 
fa 

73 


•unf--T:[dos 






;co ;cocoo3 










ILLEG 


sajouioqdog 




:coeo -T^ :eo ;iOr-i 

: CO : . ; . : 






05 


t~ 

CO 


t> 


o 
U 




00 


eoooococO'-i'ncoco^'ri'a;'-! 

CO CO -H .-H 


1 05 o5 oo 00 00 


O3 00 
05 


O 
CO 




CO 
CO 




















3BURY 


•uag-'unf 


CO 
05 
++ 


i : i ; ; ; i 


: CO rH 05 rH 

; ; : * 








CO 
03 

++ 


SALI! 


•unf--qdos 


o 

CO 


; ; : ;C0 :rH : ; ; ; ; : 
; ; ; ; ; i 


; :co ;coco 








o 

CO 

■se- 








:r-n-iec :icieo«0 ;eo 

: : •* : : I 


;co loo'-i 


05 00 
05-i- 


U5 
++ 




es 
-5 



G 
O 

Xi 



QD 
hi 



•unf--ndos 



uaxuqsajj^ 





sjoiuag 




,03 00r-l : 


: 






* 


CO 

* 


/son 


sjoiunf 


CO 
CO 


; CO »n> ; : u3 ; 


i ;^ 


ICO ; icoi-H ; iw i 


03 


O 




Tov 


sajouioqdog 


■<t 


.'CO 05 ; ■.ri : 


:o5 


llOrH lOSl-t H-(T-I 


03 


t- 

co 
-(— 


•1- 




uauiqsaj^ 


00 
t- 

++ 


;o5 1- i-H ; »-i 

i CO I 
++ 


; ;® 


; <D T-H 1 05 05 »-H 05 1 05 


03 


* 


la 

CO 



§2 



:= c 1515 rt c5 a!^ o Si cs cs o a; o.- 3 § rtt^t^-^ 



, 0) DQ 



^111 if 11^ nil i 



o H 
c 



Enrollment at State Teachers Colleges 



201 



The Accelerated Program for Teachers College Students* 

The accelerated program for white students at the teachers colleges started 
in the summer of 1942 with a ten-week summer session, was continued in the sum- 
mers of 1943 and 1944, thus enabling students to complete the work for the B.-S. 
degree in three years instead of the usual four. The plan of placing in teaching 
positions senior students who had completed one year of experience in student 
teaching, allowing credit for the 18 weeks' teaching under less intensive supervision 
of college instructors in lieu of 9 weeks of closely supervised teaching, was started 
in February, 1943. These student teachers were called internes or cadets, received 
advanced first-grade certificates, and were paid salaries sufficient for their living 
expenses and college tuition. A similar program was continued in 1943-44 with 
the addition of placement in teaching positions in Baltimore County of twenty 
junior students from Towson who had had a half program in education courses. 
These twenty junior students attended college classes which were planned to fit in 
with their teaching schedules two evenings a week and Saturday mornings and 
lived in the dormitory. Two teachers from the Lida Lee Tall School were released 
from their regular duties to give on the spot help to these students in their class- 
room teaching. The students earned 24 semester hours of credit instead of 32 and 
postponed their graduation one half semester. These 20 junior students were paid 
$70 a month plus the $20 monthly State bonus. 

These plans of acceleration turned out of the colleges the largest class groups 
at a time when very small freshman classes were enrolling. The plan, therefore, 
could not be continued in 1944-45 because there were too few upper classmen. 
However, a group of ten county senior students at Towson consented to teach for 
nine weeks in Baltimore County and hold the classes until the next group should 
graduate in November 1944. 

Also in June, 1944, the superintendents of schools in Baltimore and Anne 
Arundel Counties selected high school graduates willing to take a six-weeks' 
summer course at Towson and then undertake to teach classes in their respective 
counties. Those in Baltimore County enrolled as special freshmen at Towson and 
followed a program of study two nights a week and Saturday mornings coordinated 
with their teaching programs. They also received special help from the two in- 
structors released from their teaching schedules in the Lida Lee Tall Elementary 
School at Towson State Teachers College. This plan was admittedly an exped- 
iency, but it was the only way to provide teachers for a large number of pupils. 

Freshman Enrollment 





Towson 


Frost- 


Salis- 


Total 


Total 




Fall of 


City 


County 


burg 


bury 


White 


White 


Bowie 










County 


State 




1938 


132 


90 


90 


108 


288 


420 


84 


1939 


96 


96 


86 


135 


317 


413 


39 


1940 


65 


72 


85 


83 


240 


305 


54 


1941 


38 


48 


48 


98 


194 


232 


37 


1942 


51 


27 


32 


61 


120 


171 


24 


1943 


36 


45 


19 


59 


123 


159 


31 


1944 


31 


45 


28 ' 


46 


119 


150 


41 


1945 


44 


81 


36 


91 


208 


252 


43 



Despite the enrollment campaigns the number of white freshman 
enrollees continued to decrease through the fall of 1944 as shown by a 
comparison for the last eight years. 

At Towson, members of the faculty constructed a film in tech- 
nicolor of college scenes and activities. It has been shown and ex- 
plained in the county and City high schools by an instructor. A mem- 
ber of the faculty at Towson visited high schools to talk to students 
recommended by the faculty and to visit their parents in their homes. 
Picture and informational materials were sent these recommended . 

* Excerpts from a report by Dr. M. Theresa Wiedefeld, President of the State Teachers College at 
Towson. 



202 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

students from time to time. Posters were made and sent to high 
schools. Groups of students and their teachers have been invited to 
visit Towson on May Day. A day of visitation for selected Baltimore 
City high school seniors was arranged. County seniors selected by 
the faculties of two or three high schools were invited to spend suc- 
cessive weekends at Towson. All this is done to acquaint high 
school seniors with the opportunities at the teachers colleges. 

The elimination of the tuition fee by the enactment of the ad- 
ministration sponsored bill which became Chapter 6 of the Laws of 
1945 should encourage financially poor students. The enactment of 
the bills increasing teachers' salaries and decreasing the size of ele- 
mentary school classes, Chapters 543 and 542, respectively, of the 
Laws of 1945, should help encourage enrollment at the teachers' 
colleges. The decrease in size of classes will allow teachers to do 
more work with individual pupils instead of regimenting them as 
must be done in larger classes. If clerical assistants could be provided 
in the schools the teachers could be relieved of much worl^ which 
consumes their time and strength. 

The Presidency at Frostburg 

On October 20, 1944, the following resolution was passed by the 
State Board of Education: 

"The State Board of Education accepts with regret the resignation of Mr 
John L. Dunkle from the presidency of the State Teachers College at Frostburg 
to grant him retirement requested as of February 1, 1945. 

"The Board wishes to express its appreciation of Mr. Dunkle's long and valu- 
able services to the cause of teacher preparation for the Maryland public ele- 
mentary schools. After an admirable record as elementary school teacher and super- 
visor, and as graduate "student at Columbia University, in 1918, Mr. Dunkle be- 
came head of the Department of Pedagogy at the State Teachers College at Tow- 
son, then the State Normal School. In 1923, he was promoted to the principal- 
ship of the State Normal School at Frostburg and continued in this capacity until 
the institution became the State Teachers College by act of the Legislature in 1935, 

"Immediately upon accession to the principalship of the Normal School at 
Frostburg, Mr, Dunkle thoroughly familiarized himself with the needs of the ele- 
mentary schools located in the area in which most of his graduates would be ap- 
pointed and, throughout his experience as head of the institution, he has kept in 
close touch with local needs, as well as with national trends. 

"Mr. Dunkle also immediately undertook and encouraged evaluation and 
improvement of the Frostburg curriculum, welcoming sound experimentation on 
the part of the members of the faculty. Under his administration the course was 
lengthened to include a third year in 1931 and a fourth year with a degree in 1935. 
Mr. Dunkle has left a lasting impression on the preparation of elementary school 
teachers in Maryland. 

"Under the presidency of Mr. Dunkle the State Teachers College at Frost- 
burg has been known for its friendly atmosphere and for Mr. Dunkle's interest 
in the individual student and teacher. All have felt free to seek his help. 

"The Board of Education wishes Mr. Dunkle happiness in the years of con- 
structive leisure upon which he will enter after severing his connection with the 
Teachers College." 

At the same meeting the State Board of Education appointed Miss 
Lillian C. Compton, Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Allegany 
County, as Acting President of the College as of February 1, 1945. 



Attracting Enrollment to Teachers Colleges; Faculty and Changes 203 
TABLE 129—1945 White Entrants to Teachers Colleges 



State 
Teachers 
College 


Total 
Number 


Percent Having Had Various 
High School Courses 


Percent from High, Middle, and 
Lower Third of Class 


Academic 


General 


Com., Voc, 
Unclassfd. 


High 


Middle 


Low, Un- 
classified 


Towson 


125 


76.0 


10.4 


tl3.6 


44.0 


40.0 


cl6.0 


City 


47 


89.4 


2.1 


*8.5 


46.8 


38.3 


dl4.9 


County 


78 


67.9 


15.4 


X16.7 


42.3 


41.0 


el6.7 


Frostburg 


36 


63.9 


8.4 


J27.7 


30.6 


22.2 


f47.2 


Salisbury 


b91 


53.0 


34.0 


al3.0 


46.2 


37.4 


gl6.4 



t All commercial except . 8 vocational. 
*■ Commercial only. 

X All commercial except 1.3 vocational. 
X Includes 11.1 commercial, 8 . 3 vocational, 
and 8 . 3 unclassified. 

a Inclui33 11 commsrcial, 1 vocational, and 1 unclassified. 



b Includes 19 cadet nurses, 
c Includes 2 . 4 unclassified, 
d Includes 4 . 3 unclassified, 
e Includes 1 . 3 unclassified, 
f Includes 36 . 1 unclassified, 
g Includes 2 . unclassified. 



TABLE 130 

White Freshmen Who Entered Maryland Teachers Colleges in September, 1944, 
Who Withdrew at the Request of the School, or Voluntarily, before Sept., 1945 



Freshman Enrollment, September, 1944 

Withdrawals for Removal, Transfer, Death, or Mill 

tary Service _ 

Withdrawals at Request of School 

Voluntary Withdrawals.. _ 

Percent* Withdrawn at Request of School 

Percent=>- of Volvmtary Withdrawals 

Percent of Total Withdrawals 



Towson 



City 



41 

2 
1 

5 

2.6 
12.8 

15.4 



County 



49 

5 
1 
7 

2.3 
15.9 

18.2 



Frostburg 



28 
1 

~5 

is'.'H 

18.5 



Salisbury 



46 

t|22 
"6 

25.0 
25.0 



* Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment, military service, or death, 
t Incudes 10 who were cadet nurses or enrolled in one-year pre-nursing transfer course. 
X Includes 6 who entered military service. 



TABLE 131 

Faculty and Staff at Maryland State Teachers Colleges, 1944-45 



Towson 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 


Bowie 


Coppin 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


25 


9 


10 


9 


6 


3 


2 


2 


1 




10 


6 


4 • 


3 


17 






a2 


12 




b'll 










10 


2 


2 


3 


1.5 


2 


1 


1 


1 





President 

Instructors — . 

Library..... 

Campus Elementary School 

Training Centers: 

County 

City 

Office Staff 

Dormitory : 



a Two rooms in one school in Wicomico County, 
b In seven schools in Baltimore City. 



204 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 132 

Total and Per Regular Student Costs at State Teachers Colleges, 1930 to 1945 





Total 


Fees 
Paid 


Cost 


College 
Enrollment 


Percent 
Elemen- 


Average Annual Cost per 
College Student 


Year 


Current 
Expenses 


by 
Students 


to 
State 


Average 


Percent 
Resident 


tary is of 
College 
Enroll- 
ment 


Total 
k . 


in 
Fees 


to 
State 
k 



TOWSON 



1930 


$314,699 


$64,660 


$250,039 


604 


49 


43 


$521 


a$107 


$414 


1932 


277,642 


57,201 


220,441 


582 


43 


46 


477 


a98 


379 


1934 


210,135 


79,108 


131,027 


450 


36 


54 


487 


bl96 


291 


1935 


192,873 


58,317 


134,556 


354 


31 


71 


545 


bl65 


380 


1936. 


179,751 


50,286 


129,465 


330 


25 


75 


545 


bl53 


392 


1937 


184,263 


65,395 


118,868 


438 


23 


54 


420 


bl48 


272 


1938 


217,359 


70,312 


147,047 


455 


26 


54 


478 


bl55 


323 


1939 


218,699 


81,737 


136,962 


531 


25 


47 


412 


bl54 


258 


1940 


224,929 


88,414 


136,515 


535 


31 


46 


420 


bl65 


255 


1941 


219,112 


82,597 


136,515 


482 


34 


49 


455 


bl71 


284 


1942 


222,487 


h74,468 


148,019 


403 


37 


58 


553 


hbl85 


368 


1943 


1187,934 


53,264 


134,670 


*292 


38 


79 


644 


bl83 


461 


1944 


1208,906 


43,145 


1165,761 


*234 


39 


103 


892 


bl84 


708 


1945 


J211,981 


46,227 


$165,754 


*222 


50 


91 


955 


hb208 


747 



Frostburg 



1930 


$76,581 


$13,221 


$63,360 


161 


43 


65 


$476 


a$82 


$394 


1932 


75,575 


9,809 


65,766 


113 


50 


166 


669 


a87 


582 


1934 


61,359 


21,545 


39,814 


115 


49 


171 


533 


bl87 


346 


1935 


56,780 


23,230 


33,550 


117 


49 


171 


485 


bl99 


286 


1936 


59,558 


22,415 


37,143 


130 


42 


161 


459 


bl73 


286 


1937 


64,087 


23,444 


40,643 


131 


45 


153 


489 


bl791 


310 


1938 


77,755 


29,625 


48,130 


167 


44 


123 


466 


bl78 


288 


1939 


82,025 


33,895 


48,130 


204 


39 


93 


402 


bl66 


236 


1940 


80,919 


37,869 


43,050 


214 


46 


86 


378 


bl77 


201 


1941 


82,220 


36,535 


45,685 


210 


41 


85 


392 


bl74 


218 


1942 


83,889 


h33,398 


50,491 


186 


41 


95 


451 


hbl79 


272 


1943 


169,071 


20,757 


48,314 


*116 


41 


167 


595 


bl79 


416 


1944 


$85,257 


13,536 


$71,721 


*75 


40 


216 


1,136 


bl80 


956 


1945 


$85,601 


14,573 


$71,028 


*73 


41 


221 


1,173 


b200 


973 



Salisbury 



1930 


$98,930 


$27,456 


$71,474 


168 


88 


53 


$589 


a$163 


$426 


1932 


88,197 


20,475 


67,722 


124 


85 


79 


711 


al65 


546 


1934 


66,144 


24,267 


41,877 


114 


71 


102 


580 


b213 


367 


1935 


59,435 


20,706 


38,729 


109 


40 


121 


545 


b252 


293 


1936 


67,672 


32,289 


35,383 


184 


41 


69 


384 


bl92 


192 


1937 


70,185 


34,801 


35,384 


200 


40 


61 


351 


bl74 


177 


1938 


87,595 


36,608 


50,987 


210 


39 


58 


417 


bl74 


243 


1939 


89,119 


- 41,787 


47,332 


228 


49 


52 


391 


bl83 


208 


1940 


93,633 


48,746 


44,887 


268 


51 


49 


350 


bl82 


168 


1941 


84,281 


40,444 


43,837 


211 


55 


57 


400 


bl92 


208 


1942 


92,625 


h37,588 


55,037 


194 


47 


59 


478 


hbl94 


284 


1943 


t68,922 


23,185 


45,737 


*143 


36 


59 


482 


bl62 


320 


1944 


$87,428 


,22,572 


$64,856 


*114 


50 


67 


767 


bl98 


569 


1945 


$93,031 


21,157 


$71,874 


*103 


53 


92 


903 


b205 


698 



Bowie 



1930 


$57,004 


$14,799 


♦ 

$42,205 


108 


97 


61 


$528 


d$137 


$391 


1932 


47,790 


13,600 


34,190 


97 


97 


71 


492 


dl40 


352 


1934 


39,082 


13,385 


25,697 


89 


97 


65 


439 


el50 


289 


1935 


46,817 


14,723 


32,094 


87 


98 


68 


538 


el69 


369 


1936 


42,965 


13,571 


29,394 


86 


97 


79 


500 


el58 


342 


1937 


47,601 


17,673 


29,928 


111 


92 


59 


429 


el59 


270 


1938 


59,589 


19,275 


40,314 


128 


92 


75 


466 


el51 


315 


1939 


62,910 


19,069 


43,841 


158 


97 


65 


399 


fl21 


278 


1940 


57,695 


17,098 


40,597 


121 


98 


93 


477 


gl41 


336 


1941 


60,295 


19,270 


41,025 


140 


99 


86 


431 


gl38 


293 


1942 


63,134 


19,359 


43,775 


144 


98 


85 


439 


gl35 


304 


1943 


t56,693 


15,960 


40,733 


104 


99 


106 


545 


gl53 


392 


1944 


$72,307 


14,939 


$57,368 


103 


100 


108 


702 


gl45 


557 


1945 


$76,536 


15,099 


$61,437 


103 


98 


103. 


743 


gl45 


598 



a Day students paid $20, women residents $200, and men boarders $72. 
b Day students paid $100, women residents $316, and men boarders $128. 
d Resident students paid $120, day students $9. Service rendered by students, 
e Resident students paid $164, day students $19. 

f Resident students paid $110, day students $15. Service rendered by students, 
g Resident students paid $140, day students $20. 

h Includes excess of receipts over expenditures of summer school students transferred to offset 
deficit in actual under estimated student fees. 

* Each cadet teacher is included as one-half a student. 

t Expenditures for ten month period from Sept. 1, 1942, to June 30, 1943. 

k Entire cost of educating el3mentary pupils is charged against college students. 

$ Includes bonus payments by State. 



Total and Student Costs and Fees at State Teachers Colleges; 205 
General Education Board Aid to Bowie 



Payments Made By Students for Services Rendered by the Teachers Colleges 
In accordance with Chapter 6 of the Laws of 1945, the legisla- 
ture abolished tuition fees charged from September 1933 to June 
1945 at the State Teacliers Colleges for white students in the teach- 
er-education curriculum. 

The following fees and tuition charges were approved by the 
State Board of Education as of June 10, 1945: 

Board and room at colleges for white students 

Regularly enrolled full-time students $6.00 per week 

Teachers with advanced standing working for degrees $6.00 per week 

Tuition at colleges for white students 

t*Ten-week summer term $35.00 

*Six-week summer term $21.00 

* Summer work covering periods other than 6 or 10 weeks to be proportionate in cost. 
*t These tuition fees do not apply to regularly enrolled full-time students in the Teacher-Educa- 
tion Curriculum. 

Junior college students, regular session, not in teacher education 

curriculum $100 a year 

Junior college students, summer session, not in teacher educa- 
tion curriculum $35 a year 

Cadet teachers $50 a year 

Out-of-State students enrolled for the regular curriculum $200 a year 

Out-of-State students in the summer session $65 a year 

Individual instruction in music, art or other special subject 

one hour a week $45 a year 

Extension students $5 a semester hour 

Student nurses taking 12 or more semester hours $50 a semester 

Other fees at colleges for white students 

Late registration fee $2.00 

Breakage fee (refundable) $5.00 

Transcript fee $1.00 

Towson Frostburg Salisbury 

Activities Fee 

Regular session $6.00 $10.00 $10.00 

Summer session 2.00 5.00 " 2.00 

Miscellaneous Fees 

Key deposit .50 .50 ' 

Post Office Box .50 

Fees at Bowie shall include for board and room $135 a year; 
health, $5.00; textbooks, $5.00; activities, $5.00; contingent, $5.00. 



General Education Board to Aid Bowie 

The State Teachers College at Bowie was promised the follow- 
ing grants from the General Education Board of the Rockefeller 
Foundation: $5,000 for the construction of a cottage to be used as a 
demonstration to students of ways of living a good life, and $5,000 
for books for the library so that the college could meet the require- 
ments for accreditation as a Grade A institution. The money must 
be expended by January 1, 1948. The State Architect has been 
authorized to draw up plans for the cottage. 



206 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 133 — Receipts and Expenditures at State Teachers Colleges from 
Sept. 1, 1944 to June 30, 1945 



Receipts 



College 


Average 
Enrollment in 


Receipts for 
Instruction from 


Average 
Resident 
Enroll- 
ment 


Receipts for 
Dormitory from 


College 


Ele- 
mentary 
School 


Students 


State 


Students 


State 


Regular Session 


TowKon 

Frostburg 

Salisbury... 

* Total White 
Bowie 


ab222 
ce73 
d^lOS 


201 
161 
95 


$22,259 
8,257 
10,250 


$142,470 
60,251 
53,539 


bllO 
e30 
e55. 


$23,968 
gfi,316 
gl0,907 


f$23,284 
10,777 
18,335 


398 
103 


457 
106 


$40,766 
1,099 


$256,260 
44,017 


195 
101 


$41,191 
14,000 


$52,396 
17,420 



Expenditures 







Expenditures for Instruction 


Expenditures for Dormitory 


College 


Total Expenditures 


Administration 


Salaries of 
Instructors 


Other than 
Salaries 


Operation, 
Maintenance, 
Transportation 


Administration 


Operation, 
Maintenance, 
Transportation, 
Health 


Food 



Regular Session 





fhk 
















Towson 


$211,981 


$21,313 


$94,806 


$6,186 


$42,424 


$4,576 


$31,570 


$11,106 




ghm 














2,131 


Frostburg 


85,601 


11,599 


46,056 


2,192 


8,661 


2,203 


12,759 


Salisbury 


gh93,031 


6,025 


46,003 


2,241 


9,520 


5,624 


17,927 


5,691 


Total White 


$390,613 


$38,937 


$186,865 


$10,619 


$60,605 


$12,403 


$62,256 


$18,928 


Bowie 


h76,536 


4,259 


25,099 


5,464 


10,294 


4,160 


15,455 


11,80S 



1944 Summer Session 



College 


Total 
Enrollment 


Receipts of Students Fees 


Expenditures 


Reverted 
to State 
Treasury 


Carried 
Forward 


1943 


1944 


Towson 


216 
76 
91 


$3,150.65 
1,752.37 
526.88 


n$14,899.08 
4,666.40 
5,711.55 


o$12, 159.49 
6,417.26 
6,020.88 


$137.55 
1.51 


$ .58 

217.55 


Frostburg 

Salisbury 


Total.. 




383 


$5,429.90 


n$25,277.03 


o$24, 597.63 


$139.06 


$218.13 



a Thirty part-time students are included as eleven full-time students, 
b Includes 13 cadets. 

c Fifty enrolled for evening classes are included as 8 full-time regular students. Seventeen stu- 
dents who paid $676.25 for voice and piano instruction, an average of $39.80 per student taught, 
account^ for the excess over $100 in tuition payments in obtaining the average for all students. 

d Nineteen enrolled as special and evening school students and four cadets are included as six 
full-time regular students. 

e Includes mer students who had their meals in the dormicory but their rooms in town. 

f Includes $1,694.11 transferred from summer school students fees offsetting fuel, light, power, 
water and other items not charged against the summer session. 

g Excludes payments to individuals who rented rooms to men students. 

h Excludes receipts to budget items: Towson $5,105.33; Frostburg $236.07; Salisbury $2,187.8Z; 
Bowie $1,409.43. ^ , 

k Excludes $10,077.55 for faculty board, cottage rent, fees from Goucher College students, and 
$4,058.00 transferred from summer school fees. 

m Excludes $2,866.36 from dormitory income for food and miscellaneous items. 

n Includes $5,752.11 transferred to budget for regular session to offset in part items not charged 
against summer session. . 

o Excludes $1,694.11 transferred to budget for regular session to offset items not charged against 
summer session, but includes $972.38 spent for 1945 summer session. 



Receipts, Expenditures and Costs per Student at State Teachers 20' 
Colleges; Inventories 



CHART 32 



1944-45 COST PER TEACHERS COLLEGE STUDENT - REGULAR SESSION 
TOTAL COST OF INSTRUCTION PER STUDENT 



State 
Teachers 
College 
at 



Average 
Number of 
College Elem. Total 
Students Pupilst Cost 



Total Cost 



Pai d by 
State Student 



Frostburg 


ja 73 


161 


$938 


Towson 


a222 


201 


742 


Salisbury 


t^ios 


95 


619 


Bowie 


103 


106 


438 




TOTAL COST PER RESIDENT STUDENT** 



State 
Teachers 


Resident 
Students 






Paid by 




wm 


1 Total Cost jjjlfl State Student 


College 
at 


Average 
Number 


Per 
Cent* 


Total 
Cost 




Trostbxirg 


30 


41 


$1508 






Tovson 


110 


50 


1262 


854 




Salisbury 


55 


53 


1151 


852. 










Bowie 


101 


98 


749 


599 





a. Each cadet teacher is counted as one-half or one-fourth of a student. 

X Each extension or evening school student is counted as .3 of a student. 

t Not considered in calculating cost per college student. Elementary pupils were following per- 
cent of college enrollment in 1945; Towson 91, Frostburg 221, Salisbury 92, Bowie 103. 
* Percent that resident students were of total enrollment. 

b. Includes instruction and dormitory cost. 



TABLE 134— Inventories at State Teachers Colleges and State 
Department of Education as of June 30, 1945 



School or Department 


Land and 
Improve- 
ments 


Buildings 


Equipment 


Total 


Towson State Teachers College 

Frostburg State Teachers College 

Salisbury State Teachers College 

Bowie State Teachers College 

*State Department of Education 


$127,970 
80,591 
19,723 
30,396 


$1,302,348 
354.718 
700,046 
454,285 


$223,798 
49,127 
104,061 
71,195 
21,941 
6,239 
2,270 


$1,654,116 
484,436 
823,830 
555,876 
21,941 
6,239 
2,270 


Teachers Retirement System ._ 

Vocational Rehabilitation 






Total... 






$258,680 


$2,811,397 


$478,631 


$3,548,708 



* Includes Vocational Education, Physical Education and Bureau of Educational Measurements 



208 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 135 

Contributions by Teachers to the Annuity Savings Fund 
of the Teachers' Retirement System of the State of Maryland for the Year Ended 
July 31, 1945, Number and Per Cent of October, 1945 County Teaching Staff 
Who are Members in Active Service 



County or Institution 



Amount Contri- 
buted Year 
Ending July 31, 
1945 



Members in 
Active Service 
October, 1945 



Number 



County: 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel.... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's.. .. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



Total Counties. 



Teachers Colleges: 

Towson 

Frostburg 

Salisbury 

Bowie 



Department: 

Education 

Library 

Retirement — 

National Defense Training Program. 



Other Schools: 

Md. Training School for Boys 

Montrose Schools for Girls 

Md. Training School for Colored Girls. 

Rosewood State Training School-..- 

Md. School for the Deaf — - 



Total Schools and Departments. 
Grand Total 



$32,397.46 
24,100.59 
49,113.90 
3,638.07 
6,218.25 
14,034.44 
9,175.07 
5,967.48 
7,594.17 
18,457.45 
8,103.34 
14,824.66 
6,810.23 
5,257.12 
42,321.71 
38,022.29 
5,890.52 
3,368.18 
6,188.18 
5,703.61 
33,142.66 
10,758.80 
6,937.40 



$358,045.58 



$5,839.76 
2,522.20 
2,525.06 
1,390.73 



$6,138.66 
525.20 
218.40 
462.20 



$2,132.66 
948.87 
792.10 
1,410.87 
2,399.60 



$27,306.31 
$385,351.89 



423 
308 
511 
56 
91 
200 
120 
77 
106 
240 
112 
199 
92 
74 
429 
475 
79 
56 
102 
75 
354 
161 
109 



4.449 




Teacher Contributions to the Retirement System; Library 209 
Commission Services to Schools 



TABLE 136 — Services of Maryland Public Library Commission to 
Maryland County Schools for White Pupils by Year 





Total Number 
Supplied 


Traveling Libraries 
(30-35 Books in Each) 


Package Libraries 
(1-12 Books in Each) 


Year 
Ending June 30 








Supplied to 




Supplied to 




Volumes 


Pictures 


No. 


Schools 


Teachers 


No. 


Schools 


Teachers 



White Elementary Schools 



1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944, 
1945. 

1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945. 



12,022 
9,799 

16,606 
8,609 
8,675 
7,029 
8,255 
5,577 
4,258 
4,249 
3,751 
2,894 
1,934 
3,299 
3,088 



569 
1,814 
574 
288 
14 
268 



299 
275 
419 
225 
219 
184 
207 
133 
92 
86 
69 
62 
46 
91 
76 



157 
165 
182 
96 
81 
66 
44 
39 
26 
22 
17 
10 
10 
10 
13 



196 
206 
275 
128 
144 
80 
52 
43 
31 
25 
21 
12 
11 
16 
13 



393 
266 
334 
210 
247 
150 
237 
199 
279 
375 
353 
207 
112 
31 
97 



89 
79 
87 
91 
77 
46 
56 
47 
66 
64 
56 
44 
37 
17 
36 



124 
84 
112 
107 
88 
56 
73 
52 
82 
75 
75 
56 
40 
21 
42 



White High Schools 



3,236 




77 


31 


47 


125 


27 


32 


4,562 




105 


31 


48 


189 


49 


54 


6,266 




148 


35 


45 


331 


47 


57 


4,148 




91 


35 


39 


324 


37 


63 


6,172 




148 


42 


79 


338 


48 


67 


3,723 




95 


31 


46 


134 


24 


29 


3,082 




61 


18 


21 


281 


37 


48 


3,937 




54 


16 


17 


405 


35 


37 


3,208 




51 


11 


11 


284 


26 


28 


5,076 


323 


37 


13 


13 


809 


37 


46 


5,432 


125 


35 


13 


13 


828 


43 


48 


3,791 


180 


32 


12 


12 


679 


35 


35 


2,508 


27 


25 


11 


11 


326 


29 


30 


2,273 


105 


30 


8 


9 


280 


34 


34 


3,443 


329 


27 


9 


9 


338 


45 


52 



School libraries throughout the State show a marked improvement in book 
collections, and an encouraging increase in the number of trained librarians in 
service. Forty-nine librarians now in school libraries have completed courses in 
library science at Western Maryland College. Many others have studied elsewhere. 

Taking advantage of better discounts and assistance in selecting, fourteen 
white elementary and twelve white high schools during 1944-45 purchased library 
books through the Library Commission. As an aid to book selection, the Com- 
mission now maintains an exhibit of graded books for school libraries, so that 
teachers may have an opportunity to examine current books before purchasing. 

Reading certificates were issued to pupils reading eight or more books ap- 
proved by the Library Commission. The purpose of this activity is to encourage 
the reading of better books by young people. The awarding of certificates is 
optional with the teacher. In 1944-45 reading certificates were issued to 165 ele- 
mentary school children. The number of books read for certification by ele- 
mentary school pupils totalled 1,839. 

A bookmobile covers Talbot County in four different routes: 1. — Claiborne, 
Tilghman, Sherwood, Wittman, Neavitt, and Bozman; 2. — Trappe, Trappe Sta- 
tion, and Oxford; 3.— Unionville, Tunis Mills, Royal Oak, and St. Michaels; 
4. — Longwoods, Newton, Wye Mills, Jarrelltown, Cordova, and Matthewstown. 
On these routes 26 schools and 17 deposit stations for adults are visited. The 
branch in the Cordova School is a very active one, serving both school and com- 
munity. 

The new library law, effective January 1, 1946, providing for the estab- 
lishment of county-wide library service, promises well for school libraries. Through 
close cooperation, interlibrary loans, and professional assistants, more and better 
library service will be accessible to all within the area served. 



210 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 









be 


C<1 


r-leOr-( 


;(Mt-(N 


1 r-l rH tH Tjl j eO -"t 








lach] 




;hera 


Hi 
















c 


to 


Teac 


iem. 


(N 


I :t- 


: jrneo 


: O iH I IM (M iH T-t i-H 








oks 


ed 




W 
















to 12 Bo 


Suppli 


ools 


High 




r-ieooo 




; 1-1 th .-1 in eo ; eo eo 












« 




so 


: 


; ii-ieo 


: O T-H : 05 »H r-l i-H .H 








m 






.em 








iriei 






H 
















ige Libri 




o 


High 


00 

CO 
eo 


005 eo 


:0i05 (N 


lOiONcorH ;t-t> 
;.-( (MiH ; i-t 


lO 

;cg 


;ooi-( 
;c<j 


;05 


1 . Pack! 




No. 


Elem. 


t- 

05 




1 :eo'<* 


:ON : U5 ;o 1-1 N Tt< 
;ec !N 






; 



i(M ;n : ;eo 



eoixi-^ ;o5iovc :coio-<t^(N ;t}<^ ;o5 ;t>i 
loeooo ;i-i<Mi> ;oo(Neot>(N i-^i-i ;a> 

1-100 00 t> ^ r-t 



:Oi-i ; iotj* ; oi in o o t)< i-i ;d tJ( ;?d 
i ;t-(M ; 05 th CO ic 1-1 ouj ;o 
(M iH 1-1 1-1 eo 00 



01 



3 

MO) .5 «^ 



03 W 



§81 



Jlillllllt 



g tn pa o ? 



> fi- 



3 OJ 
JO 



5 S ^ g "2 

m K S H a) Q> 



4-. 5 



3 

5.0 0) 



<D S cn a> C S 

O <D (S 5* ti >- 



go 



wo 



o C 



)4m 



g O* Q* * 



ii|l|1ggpp^^| 



o* w* * 



o 



3 



-g o 

0^ J S 



0^2 as. 



o * o* * ■ 



; 2 



O 

O 03 9 

O Z m QJ j3 »- 



01 0) 



PS c 



^ o 



►JOCQ^ 



<; * * pQ* * * * 



Services of Maryland Library Commission to County Schools 211 



TABLE 138 



Package Libraries Sent by Maryland Public Library Advisory Commission to 
Maryland County Colored Schools, 1944-45 









Supplied to 


County 


Number 


Volumes 


Schools 


Teachers 


Colored Elementaby Schools 


TotaL. „ 


15 


41 


3 


3 




2 


11 


1 


1 


Calvert 


12 


29 


1 


1 


Howard 


1 


1 


1 


1 








Colored High 


Schools 






Total 


8 


27 
8 


3 


3 


Anne Arundel 


2 


1 


1 




5 


9 


1 






1 


10 


1 


1 









In addition to school libraries, books are available to colored children and adults through the 
following public libraries or branches: 



Howard — Coimty library lends on request 
Montgomery — River Road School (Branoh 
of Bethesda) 

Silver Spring lends to schools 
Rockville lends to schools 

Talbot — County library has branches 
in colored schools 

Washington— Covmty library lends collec- 
tions of books on request 



Allegany — Cumberland Public Library 
Anne Arundel — Clay Street School, Annapolis 

Covmty library lends to colored schools 
Baltimore — 

Catonsville Colored School (Branch) 

Sparrows Point Public Library 

Towson Public Library 

Turner School — Branch of Dundalk 
Dorchester — Cambridge Public Library 
Frederick — C. Burr Artz Library, Frederick 

lends books to colored schools 

Taking advantage of better discounts and assistance in selecting, three colored elementary and 
three colored high schools purchased library books through the Library Commission. 

Skidmore and Parole Schools in Anne Arundel each received $24 
from the Rosenwald Fund toward the purchase of a $36 elementary 
school library. Bush School in Harford received $20 from the Fund 
toward a $30 elementary school library. 



212 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



REPORT OF MARYLAND JOINT SCHOOL HEALTH COMMITTEE 

At the end of the school year in June 1945, the report of the 
Maryland Joint Health Committee was made to the State and 
County Superintendents of Schools. The committee included rep- 
resentatives of the State Department of Education staff, of county 
superintendents and members of their staffs, of the faculty of the 
State Teachers Colleges, of the National Education Association, 
of the State Department of Health and County Health Officers, and 
of the School of Hygiene and Public Health of the Johns Hopkins 
University. 

Health Instruction 

Recommendations regarding health instruction as a subject on a 
parity with other subjects and not as an incidental activity provide 
for the goals and attitudes to be promoted in the primary and inter- 
mediate grades and at the junior and senior high school levels in 
furthering the well-being of the individual, the community, and the 
nation. 

Instruction in the rules of good nutrition, of the necessity for a 
good diet and the development of the cafeteria or lunchroom pro- 
gram as a vital and important part of the program become funda- 
mental in promoting well-being. 

Safety education in training pupils to protect themselves and 
others against accident, to obey safety laws and regulations, to 
understand what to do in first aid in case of accident or illness, and 
in driver and pedestrian education is outlined for younger and older 
pupils at various levels. 

The physical education program should include participation of 
all pupils in games fitted for various age levels, rhythmic activities 
and modified activity or rest for those unable to participate in 
vigorous effort. Special gymnasium clothing and bathing should be 
required. Intramural activity should be possible for intermediate 
and secondary school pupils. Carefully selected interschool athletics 
should be accompanied, by medical examination, time for training, 
protective equipment and supplies and adequate leadership and 
supervision. The physical education activities should contribute to 
the attainment and maintenance of human fitness. 

The school should cooperate with other interested agencies in 
developing voluntary participation in such recreational activities 
as dancing, sports, games, individual athletics, social activities, and 
stunts. Recreation for small groups at home in creative and aesthetic 
activities should be stressed. 

Health Protection 

The school health protective program should provide for health- 
ful school living, for prevention and care of accidents and sickness, 
for prevention and control of communicable diseases, for periodic 
health examinations, for special attention to pupils in need of med- 
ical and dental care, for special education program for handicapped 
pupils, and for supervision and in-service training of personnel per- 
forming such services. 



Recommendations on Health Instruction and Protection 213 

The teacher should aim to promote healthful living in the plan- 
ning of the schedule and in developing a healthy happy relationship 
with each individual pupil. Each pupil's program should conform 
with his needs as disclosed by the medical examination. The emo- 
tional status of each pupil as well as his mental and intellectual 
readiness should be of interest to the teacher. When a teacher un- 
derstands the strengths, weaknesses and emotional nature of a 
pupil, he acts in the best interests of the pupil to guide him in the 
solution of his problems. 

Public health authorities have primary responsibilities in 
protecting from communicable diseases by control through quarantine 
and other measures, by inspection and other means. Although 
immunization is not a school responsibility, the teacher must co- 
operate with the health authorities in providing a followup, in 
checking the pupils not immunized against diphtheria and small- 
pox, in verifying a pupil's immunity by means of skin tests, and in 
testing for tuberculosis. 

A teacher should inspect and observe each pupil daily in order 
to detect incipient communicable diseases and other deviations such 
as nearsightedness, hardness of hearing, over- and under-weight, 
certain conditions of the eyes and eyelids, deviations of the teeth and 
oral cavity, discharge from the ears, nose, and throat, nutritional 
and other deviations, as well as behavior difficulties. 

Important as perfect attendance is, absence may be more im- 
portant to protect an ill child and to prevent the spread of epidemics. 
In readmitting a child after absence, the teacher should know the 
cause of absence, if he has had a communicable disease, if it is safe 
for him to return to school, if his schedule should be full or restricted. 

It should be made possible to plan a pupil's school program so 
that it carries out recommendations of the family physician who 
should cooperate with the school in furnishing the necessary records 
and reports to the teacher. The teacher and nurse must help select 
those pupils in need of immediate medical examination. All athletes 
should be examined before participation in intramural and inter- 
school athletics in order to be sure they are physically and emotion- 
ally fit for such responsibilities. The parents of pupils who show 
deviations should be given guidance and advice and recommenda- 
tions regarding health practices, procedures and resources. The 
parent, teacher, and nurse should be present at examinations so 
that all may play their part in a remediation program. 

A remediation program by the private physician or dentist or 
by a clinic should be worked out by the parent, school and health 
authorities. 

Facilities 

In planning new construction, adequate facilities for learning 
are more important than architectural style. Functional planning 
means not only provision of the right number of rooms arranged 
economically, including gymnasiums, locker rooms, and bathing 
facilities, but also proper lighting, heating, ventilation for safety. 



214 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

sanitation and easy operation and maintenance. Facilities for 
better hand washing, drinking, and toilets are needed for the school 
as a whole and close to eating facilities. For the hot lunch program 
adequate sanitary storage and refrigeration are needed, heating and 
cooking utensils, adequate hot water for dishwashing with provision 
for sterilization of dishes. Play areas with all weather features 
checked for safety must be provided for the various age groups and 
activities. Outside drinking facilities and easy access to lavatory 
and shower facilities should be provided for. The grounds should be 
properly drained and landscaped. Children may participate in land- 
scaping gradually according to a master plan. In new buildings a 
health suite including a room for examinations, one for first aid, and 
one for clinical service should be provided on the first floor adjoining 
the gymnasium. Laundry facilities to care for gymnasium suits and 
towels should be provided. 

Adequate equipment and supplies for the health instruction 
rooms, gymnasiums, playfields and locker rooms are needed and 
should be provided for from public funds just as is the case for the 
so-called regular academic subjects. 

Personnel 

Competent professional leadership as well as sympathetic and 
understanding lay personnel are needed from official and private 
organizations and agencies including departments of education, 
health and welfare, medical, dental and nursing associations and lay 
groups. The school administration must integrate the health pro- 
gram with the rest of the school program so that progressive learning 
takes place without too much overlapping of instruction. Teachers 
do not know enough about the methods used by the Health Depart- 
ment to protect the health of the community, and likewise physicians 
and nurses know little of the teaching of health in the classroom. 
Working together there will develop effective health service and pro- 
tection to the children. 

The teacher, the only key worker in the program able to make 
constant observation of children, must accept her responsibility for 
aid in the program. She must learn more about the meaning of 
behavior as it relates to health and well-being of children. She must 
differentiate between the health guidance she can give and the expert 
health service others can give in the medical, dental, and visual 
program. The health personnel must have a sympathetic under- 
standing of the teacher's relationship with the child, and must use 
her data and observations and her opportunity to follow-up their 
recommendations. A "thoughtful exchange of views will be helpful. 

The nurse must apply the principles of public health to the 
school child in his total environment of home, school, and com- 
munity. She takes care of referrals for minor accidents and ailments, 
she examines, she helps children to accept medical and dental care 
if needed. 



Recommendations of Joint Health Committee on Facilities and 215 

Personnel 

The nurse is responsible for the selection of children to be ex- 
amined by the physician, for making preliminary arrangements for 
the examination, for keeping records of examinations, and for carry- 
ing out recommendations made by the physician. A school nurse 
can render satisfactory service to from 1,500 to 2,500 pupils. She 
must be allowed time to consult with parents and teachers of pupils. 

The nutritionist is a food scientist, a teacher and adviser, and a 
cooperative agent whose purpose is to bring children to understand 
their bodily requirements for healthful living and to carry over into 
practice their knowledge of essential food needs. Since the work 
concerns parents and community groups the nutritionist should also 
have experience in the social service area. 

The psychiatrist or the psychologist does much more than measure 
intelligence and achievement, for he is concerned with human rela- 
tionships and emotions, and must discover the mental, emotional 
and social causes of maladjustments. The preventive program of the 
psychiatrist is carried on in child guidance clinics and in bringing 
about family adjustments. Teachers must learn to know when 
psychiatric treatment is needed for their pupils. 

The dentist must not merely find dental defects and notify 
parents of deficiencies, but he must see that necessary dental care 
and correction are provided either by private dentists or by the dental 
clinic. Full-time dentists are needed for work with school children 
to give periodic examinations and to develop in children a realization 
of the value and need of dental care. 

The Medical Adviser or School Physician should be utilized as a 
consultant rather than as a practitioner. He should establish contacts 
with private physicians and with clinics and bring all of the com- 
munity medical resources into closer relationship with the schools. 
In examining pupils brought to his attention by the school nurse, he 
should concentrate on discovering poor health habits, lack of par- 
ental knowledge of health matters, defects which hamper learning, 
and medically neglected children. He will cooperate with the 
county health authorities in the control of contagious diseases 
through medical inspection, sanitation and other procedures. He 
will not usurp the function of the family physician or other medical 
agencies in the community. 

The school physician should be a graduate M. D. with service as 
an interne and license to practice on a permanent basis. In addition 
he should have training in public health and experience in dealing 
with children. Training and experience in education would also be 
valuable. 

The schools of every county should have the services of a med- 
ical adviser. In counties having an enrollment of less than 7,000 
pupils, the service of the medical adviser should be available at least 
half-time. He should be a member of the staff of the county health 
officer. 

A health coordinator is needed in the larger counties to supervise 
and administer the promotion and operation of the school health 
program. 



216 1945 Report of Mar^-land State Department of Education 

Teachers, physicians, nurses and others cooperating in the health 
program need to meet in staff conferences in order to become better 
informed about their indi\idual responsibihties and -the interrela- 
tionships of their work in improving and promoting healthful living 
in school and community. 

Local, County, and State Health Committees or Councils 

Local, county, and State planning committees in the field of health are needed 
to coordinate the work done by health, welfare, lay, and school departments. 
Each must understand and cooperate in promoting the work of the other depart- 
ments and agencies. The committee or council acts to coordinate effort in the 
field and as an educational agency in supporting any program promoting health 
in school and community. 

Summary and Conclusions of the Maryland Joint School- Health Committee 

Good education is particularly interested in the well-being of all of the mem- 
bers of the community which means becoming physically, socially, intellectually, 
and emotionally efficient. 

No system of education is fulfilling its obligation when it fails to use every 
means at its disposal to further the education of the people toward greater ap- 
preciation of and opportunities for li\ing. 

The fundamental needs of children constitute the basis of the school program 
in health, physical education, and recreation. 

The deficiency in health instruction in our schools is particularly apparent. 
Instruction must be so organized that pupils A^ill want to be well and happy, and 
that habits of living will be cultivated which will promote their present and future 
health. 

A program of safety education should function in the daily living of pupils. 

The outcomes of physical education which should be realized are the improve- 
ment of health, development of organic fitness, increase in strength, bodily control, 
development of desirable social attitudes and standards of conduct, and the ac- 
quisition of skills, habits, and attitudes which will contribute to wholesome living. 

School and public health authorities have primary responsibilities in the pro- 
tection of school children and others by instruction, inspection, quarantine, and 
similar measures. Adequate medical examinations of all pupils who need them 
should form an essential part of the school-health protective program. 

There must be a recognition on the part of educators and others of the im- 
portance of the adequacy of the school plant to the health and development of 
pupils. 

In all phases of the health program, equipment and materials of instruction 
must be furnished from public funds upon the same basis as for other school sub- 
jects if proper educational ser\'ices are to be performed. The day is long past when 
a basic educational program should be or needs to be supported out of school 
acti\dty funds, by charges to pupils, or by school sales or subscriptions. 

Schools should give careful planning and direction to assure the proper selec- 
tion and use of li\ing memorials in communities. 

The effectiveness of an educationally-significant health program depends 
upon the quality of administration in the school, the home, and the community. 
Neither the schools nor the Health Departments can delegate their authority, 
yet each department must be concerned with the quality of health education 
ser\aces and the educational outcomes which are realized in the schools. 

There is a natural relationship between health education in the school and 
in the community at large. 

The school should share leadership in any program which helps the community 
to discover the health needs of its families and to mobilize the community re- 
sources to meet them. 

Health workers, administrators, and others recognize that the success of 
every part of the school-health program depends upon the active and intelligent 
participation of the teacher, the nurse, the nutritionist, the psychologist, the 
psychiatrist, the dentist, and the school medical ad\isor. 



Recommendations of Maryland Joint School-Health Committee 217 

A health co-ordinator, with broad experience and professional training in 
school and community health and with supervisory and administrative capacities, 
should be able to co-ordinate all activities of the school and other agencies con- 
cerned with the health of the school child. 

Any plan of co-operation requires the definition of boundaries and functions. 
Each agency should retain administrative control of its own activities but, when 
working in the schools, should be subject to school administrative organization. 

The county superintendent of schools, in conjunction with the County Health 
Officer, should take the initiative in organizing the County Health Council. He 
should serve as co-ordinator or have the Council designate one. 

As educational leader, the principal of a school can interest lay groups and 
agencies to form a health committee for the purpose of studying and improving 
local health needs. 

The State Superintendent of Schools, in conjunction with the Director of the 
State Department of Health and acting through the State Joint School-Health 
Committee, should recommend policies, procedures, organizational practices, and 
provide for the coordination of the school-health program on the State level. 

This committee should function through an executive secretary, known as the 
State School Health Co-ordinator, who should be designated by the State Super- 
intendent of Schools and the State Director of Health. 

Immediate Next Steps Recommended by the Maryland Joint School-Health 

Committee 

1. The formation of county school health councils, community 
health committees, and a State Joint School-Health Committee 
which should undertake the promotion and study of 

a. Examination and remediation programs for the following groups: 

(1) Pre-school children in conjunction with the program of the Mary- 
land Congress of Parents and Teachers 

(2) Seventh grade or first year junior high school pupils who need the 
service 

(3) All new entering pupils 

(4) All pupils participating in the intramural and interschool athletic 
program. 

b. The formulation and use of an adequate health record card with provision 
for teacher observation, records of nurse and doctor, and a dental card. 

c. A program of screening by teachers and others working in the school 
health program. 

d. An extension of the physical education program, including athletics and 
recreation. 

The Maryland Joint School-Health Committee recommends 
the following long-time surveys and studies: 

1. Local health conditions and needs 

2. Local health resources, including facilities, equipment, personnel, and 
services 

3. The health instruction program 

4. The feasibility of athletic associations for county and State 

5. A plan for living memorials 

6. Appropriate publicity and publications 

7. Necessary materials of instruction and ways of providing them 

8. The athletic protective plan, including a plan for protecting all pupils 

9. A revision of existing State standards for buildings, faciHties, grounds, 
equipment, and supplies 

10. Needed legislation 

11. Services and resources available from national and other agencies 

12. Health research, including relationships of fatigue to class assignments, 
to schedules, to grading and marking, and other areas. 



218 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



.2 « 



^1 



S ^ 

si 



5^ o Q. 



Q O 
D O 



O hJ 

O 



t-O(MC0C-0C.-l00MOTfC-O00t-- 



^ (M N lO O (M 00 lO (N 



kCiOOO(Mt~iOOt>iOCO 



t> o^-<t t> o? c^_«>^oo CO 



»HcgN'-io«D'-ic-t>t>t-to 

«0 05 CO W 05_0^0 l>J (N «C 05^ OJ 



iooc^"^t>cvjc<icoO'^0'-Heo«>'-HU5.-Ha5-HO^;£)oo 

;d CD (n »h <j> tr> CO t^t-^o> c<i_tD c^Tj<;ot>oooa>o 
oT -rjT eo eg lo' c-^ oi" t-^ oT oi" <c oS ^o* m tjT lo oo* oT to 



mt-ooiMoooeoCTJ-^co^o<£>io,-«i>Tj<a3Ti<a>;DOi-( 
i-H JO CO CO OS CO oo^io 50 i-<_a> oi^uo lo os i-h-^cooocdosco 



I CO Tj< (x> lo 



Wo 



•4-5 



3£ 



I <M — I 1-1 tH ^ (M 



I Oi Tf ^ ,H ^ • 



IU510 ii-ieo ;eoi-(i 



3 ;|<ii i ; : ; ifej I i j iSSg-jj iSdji 
5 lslll2=„ll|t-g^SgiiS|||i| 



a> o 



o 

o 
6 



c 

m 3 o o 03 5 
3 3*J«S:3>. 



Services of State and County Health Offices to County Pupils 



219 



1 OOOOIM 



U5000t-lrtlXiOO-HlCC-CO'-ll/it^«100 00t-0(MOOC- 

„ t> CO 



CO 00 

O <£> 
U5 ^ 



^^5£)C0OiOCi5Da!OTj<Oa5O«C-^C0(MC00Xt:~iM 
^eO<005t--^C-^CT:0;CO'-ii-Ot>t>(MC)«0-^t:~t^'*«D 
t-^t> o Tf «D C- O; i£> t> ^ C0__?O Or-iOOXOOiOCOtCtC-"* 



"I 



t-eo 
N eg 



ego loio icqcgcgoJeo : e^ ifl eg eg e<j eo e>5 eo eo m eo « 



3 M 
o bc 
0<3 



T3 

a 0) 



^ eo 



< O t> ^ -ilf O "5 

eo o .1 u3 
oj eo 



wo -H 00 1- iri o o> t- eo M t-eo ■ 
00 o cs t> 00 "5 rH t- 00 eo'^os^i 
oweo^'-i '-"eo i-Heoeo»H> 



ieot-oeoasifl-Ht»i-i 
j-^cgiocgoit-ioegio 



<4-l >-• 

S3 is 
s 



t-eo i-H o o-^ OS oj Tf w egoo o eooo "3 «o «o 005 CO 
u5 w eg «D « irt m 00 o o o Oi Tf 05 lo (M o 00 eo eo 
OijD^ o^i-i rH eo t-_^o_^i-H 1-1 t> ^__cg Tf «c eg eg -.f -h qo o> 



eooeoa50eoioo500t-t-«OTj'ot-oot-ooeo«o«o 
eot>t~cgoeoooo«0'-ieO'-i'^^rfCJ5'-it>eoasooo5T}< 
«>_o t> <»__«D oo__eg__-«t eo lo o eo^^a" lo o eo_oo__a5 '-I'M.os^-^^^w 
CO eo o—T cg^eo'io -T T^fo^^ t-^rH,^" 

CgrHCO 



cgcg w eg o> 00 X w eg ' 
T}< Tj< ts< irt CO !c CO i-i lo 
1-H o T-< t- CO t~ eg 



CCOt)< 



-f- CJ OJ O C3 



5 o c ai 



^81 



220 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 141 

Number of Cases of Certain Infectious Diseases Reported by Age Groups for 
Year Ending June 30, 1945 

Data furnished hy State Department of Health 



Disease 



Total Cases 

Scarlet Fever 

Tuberculosis 

Chickenpox 

Measles 

Mumps 

Whooping Cough 

Poliomyelitis 

German Measles- 
Rheumatic Fever 

Diphtheria 

Typhoid Fever.... 



Age Group 



0-4 



1,958 

709 
48 
314 
295 
108 
340 
61 
52 
9 
16 



5-9 



3,242 

1,386 
42 
599 
427 
352 
226 
96 
61 
28 
15 
10 



1,119 

558 
51 
82 
87 

176 
29 
53 
28 
27 
18 
10 



15-19 



520 

162 
128 
21 
30 
78 
3 
38 
39 
11 



20 + 



1,639 

282 
1,008 
27 
48 

145 
4 
40 
41 
16 
11 
17 



Not 
Given 



TABLE 142 — School Dental Clinics Conducted Under the Auspices of 
Maryland State Department of Health, August 1, 1944-July 31, 1945 

Data furnished by State Department of Health 





m 


Time 


Number of 
Children 


Number of 


County 




Given 




















to 


Ex- 
















-O c 


Serv- 


amined 




Fillings 


Teeth 


Clean- 


Treat- 


Total 




|5 


ice* 


by 


Treated 


Inserted 


Ex- 


ings 


ments 


Opera- 








Dentist 






tracted 






tions 


Total 


8 




17,524 


3,037 


4,553 


5,984 


950 


2,768 


14,255 


Allegany 


1 


Full 


4,639 


1,693 


547 


4,362 


406 


1,397 


6,712 


Anne Arundel .... 


1 


Part 


383 


233 


138 


303 


72 





513 




3 


Part 


2,873 


382 


1,477 


730 


373 


622 


3,202 


Calvert 


1 


Part 


89 


75 


128 


84 





3 


215 


Montgomery 


1 


Full 


9,113 


654 


1,999 


467 





728 


3,194 


Prince George's.. 


1 


Part 


427 




264 


38 


99 


18 


419 



* The scope of service varies from full-time and half-time service to part-time, meaning one or more 
one day clinics per month. 



Infectious Diseases; Dental Clinics; List of Financial and 221 
Statistical Tables 



LIST OF FINANCIAL AND STATISTICAL TABLES 1944-45 
Subject of Tables 



Financial Statements .222-224 

I Number of Schools 225 

II Total Public School Enrollment 226-227 

III. Catholic Private Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff 228-229 

IV Non-Catholic Private Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff.. 230-231 

V Non-PubHc Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff 232 

VI Average Number of Public School Pupils Belonging 233 

VII Average Daily Attendance 234 

VIII Aggregate Days of Attendance 235 

IX Average Days in Session; Percent of Attendance 236 

X Number of Teaching Positions, Public Schools 237-238 

XI Receipts from State and Federal Government 239 

XII Receipts from All Sources 240 

XIII Total Disbursements 241 

XIV Disbursements for General Control 242 

XV Disbursement for Instruction and Operation 243 

XVI Disbursements for Maintenance, Auxiliary Agencies, and Fixed 

Charges 244 

XVII Disbursements for Debt Service and Capital Outlay 245 

XVIII Disbursements for White Elementary Schools 246 

XIX Disbursements for the Last Four Years of White High Schools. .. 247 

XX Disbursements for Junior, Junior-Senior, and Senior High 

Schools 248-249 

XXI Disbursements for Colored Elementary Schools 2o0 

XXII Disbursements for Colored High Schools 251 

XXIII Cost, Enrollment, Attendance, Graduates, Courses in Individual 

County High Schools 252-257 

XXIV Enrollment by Subject in Individual County High Schools 258-263 



222 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



Q 



»0 05 IM 
^ CO ^ 



O^tC (N 

oc t-'ec i-To- 
oi ^ (M 00 lo 

CO ?C i-H N 



O lO o 
o t- o 

O lo"©" 
O lO 
00 O (N 



•oc<]oo-^05a5on<a>rj<oioc<i 
ioco^eoeo>-io5iOi-((M050oco(N 

^O_-^__0J U5 1-1 t>t>05l0L0t>L0t- 
'(> 00*05 (NWC^-^" (NO'-^'.-H t> Cd" 

i-H (M i-H "-H 00 c- 1- 05 a> CO 



O u 



o o 
o oi 

00 CO 

CO 00^ 



< o 



00 O i-l 

rH O (N 

(N in CO 



O lO c- o 
O C^] CD O 

Oi-HOO 

(MOO 



OOO O O O 05 O O O O Og O O CO 00 (N o 

ooo o o o OS o o ^ o o o o o in 00 



3 cS 

H 5 > 



i-iin o 
O o 
o>_«o in 

^ CO ^ 



?C (N O 

^ T-^ in 
o ^.t^ 



CO o 
05 o 

in o 

wo" 

00 in 

■-I (N 



Oi o 

001 o 

o_t> o__ 
o'cd'o" 
o o in 
00 ec N 



OOO-^OOOTjlOO^OT-HTjIXTjIrHCD 

omoOrHincoocomc^j-^oioooooo 
o^eo^^o «D t> in in «>t-050ino5o-^ 
in ^ o" oo' oo" eo" in o" n ^ tjT r^oi oo 

CJ C^J (M 1-1 "-I <J> t~ t> 05 a> 



00 00O5 00 in 
OS N o 00 T-i in 
eo t- 'J" 05 (N 



<3 



«S5 
S » g S 



o o 
o o 
eo o 



;eooo 
:ino 



»-n>ooo 
ooooo 

--I 00 00 IN 



a 



(N o 

rH in 
03 t- 



in 05 CO 
■"t CO .-I 



eo o o 05 o 

05 o o OS o 

^ino ot>o 

"oo'o" o'crTo* 

1 « in o «o in 

»H N 00 CO (N 



000?OOOOOOOOOOOOt>OS03< 

oooinrHinoooinoosoooot-- 
0'-iO'-it~'-iininoot-oc<io«0'^( 



in^oiN00(NMNin 
5q N r; Tl --I N 



( i-M 00 t> 00 I 

;o in to ;o < 



?00 



0) C-r- <u 
o o cs X 

Eh 



TO oO 05 2 

be CO Q m 
^5 So o ; 
+j +j +j a> J- 



c 








.2 


t3 








C 
ea 








>> § 


tior 




> 








ount 
hysii 
Chi 








"o 





.5? 6 



bo C <u_£3 K 



2 a 

-tJ O ^ o 

g 3 +J +J 4J -tJ 

O cs c3 

0) 0) o) 0) 

-5 g aSc-g g £ £ £ £ 



CCD, 



0000 

c,oo.2Soc„oo;;;;;Hrta35722gS 

■c33ortaj;rtrt'MS2^., - 



0} Qi H ^ ^. 'V. p. 
OJ3 3 3 



Financial Statements — Public School Budget 



223 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 



For Fiscal Ye ar Ended June 30, 1945 



Source or Purpose 


Towson 
State Teachers 
College 


Frostburg 
State Teachers 
College 


Salisbury 
State Teachers 
College 


Bowie 
State Teachers 
College 


Receipts 


State Appropriation 


a$167,940.00 
47,216.40 
14,996.58 
10,077.55 
5,105.33 
3,150.65 


b$67,689.00 
14,709.32 
4,731.40 
2,866.36 
236.07 
1,752.37 


C$68,479.00 
22,176.55 
5,711.55 


d$58,087.00 
15,101.65 


Students' Fees, Regular Session 

Students' Fees, Summer Session 


Other Receipts 




Receipts to Budget Items 

1943 Summer School Balance Brought Forward 


2,187.82 
526.88 


1,409.43 


Total Receipts.. 




a$248,486.51 


b$91, 984.52 


C$99,081.80 


d$74,598.08 


Disbursements 


Salaries, Wages, and Special Payments 

General Repairs 


a$155,342.01 
8,807.30 
412.20 
6,328.22 
124.96 
35.83 
1,741.85 
825.17 
218.40 
21,895.66 
124.00 
10,388.02 
680.51 
196.41 
997.22 
56.44 
2,371.85 
58.42 
547.44 
146.19 
156.91 
1,278.34 
53.79 
750.22 


b$73,437.50 
387.72 
44.15 
1,253.32 
155.19 
7.73 
295.18 
38.50 
700.'98 
4,984.13 

1,434.24 
57.87 
76.94 
9.50 


C$68,608.39 
899.86 
299.54 

2,233.37 
373.80 
5.47 
609.08 
130.25 
805.20 

7,605.07 

2,"800"00 
245.82 
342.18 
400.00 
45.69 
1,691.58 
10.23 
258.84 
25.00 


d$42,641.57 
2,055.17 
1,433.38 
4,643.05 
118.14 
94.07 
568.60 
261.05 
138.75 
12,313.72 
1,084.60 
4,537.61 
112.41 
74.23 
679.00 
9.35 
1,005.21 
42.48 
1,016.90 
7.62 


Motor Vehicle Repairs ... 

Light, Heat, Power, and Water 

Travel . 


Transportation.. 


Communication ... 


Printing Other than Office Supplies 

All Other Contractual Services 

Food. 


Forage and Veterinary Supplies 

Fuel 


Office Supplies 


Medical aiid Laboratory Supplies 

Laundry, Cleaning and Disinfecting 


Refrigeration Supplies.... 


Educational, Vocational, and Recreation Supplies 

Agricultural and Botanical Supplies 

Motor Vehicle Supplies 


518.35 
33.07 

187.85 
22.19 


Power Plant Supplies .. 


Wearing Apparel. 


Household Supplies 

All Other Supplies . .. . 

Building Materials 

Motor Vehicle Equipment Material 


120.01 
22.39 
39.00 


503.75 
106.87 
677.12 


368.21 
21.49 

117.16 
2.08 
36.73 


Matsrials for Equipment 


1,514.83 




2.10 
100.00 


Highway Materials 




All Other Materials 






26.39 


Office Equipment 


489.70 
1,825.20 
39.35 






Household Equipment 


.95 
76.62 


93.93 
588.60 


78.69 


Medical and Laboratory Equipment 


Live Stock 


250.00 
252.24 


Agricultural and Botanical Equipment 








Educational, Vocational, and Recreational 
Equipment.. 


4,252.17 
108.50 
34.00 
895.85 
73.75 
13,951.10 

a$236,721.81 

1,087.00 
10,677.12 
.58 


1,152.16 


1,643.58 
42.68 
13.60 
352.77 


Tools and Machinery 


1.30 
18.83 
584.96 


All Other Equipment ... 




Insurance.. 


307.59 


All Other Fixed Charges 


Summer Session 


6,417.26 

b$91,780.39 

202.25 
1.88 


6,020.88 

C$97,535.25 

1,019.67 
309.33 
217.55 




Total Disbursements... 

Refunds of Students' Fees 

Unexpended Balance Returned to State Treasury 
Summer School Fees Not Credited to Budget 


d$74,594.99 

3.00 
.09 


Grand Total.... 






a$248,486.51 


b$91,984.52 


C$99,081.80 


d$74,598.08 



Excludes bonus payments as follows: a $8,843; b $3,340.35; c $3,705; d $3,350. 



224 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



Financial Statement For Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1945 



Source oh Puri-ose 


State 
Department of 
Education 


Vocational 
Education 


Physical 
Education and 
Recreation 


Bureau of 
Educational 
Measurements 


Vocational 
Rehabilitation 


Recfipts 


state Appropriation 

Federal Appropriations and 
General Education Board.... 

Transfer by Budget Amend- 
ment and Receipts 

Total Receipts 


af;61,298.00 
f728.63 
h9,018.00 


b$12, 156.00 
g] 3,793.92 
k2,655.07 


c.$18,710.00 


d$12, 158.00 
hSOO.OO 


e$25.808 Oa 
g64,831.02 


a$71,044.63 


b$28,604.99 


C$18, 710.00 


d$12,4o8.00 


e$90,639.02 


Disbursements 


Salaries, Wages and Special 

Payments 

General Repairs. 


a$55.251.38 
774.fi9 
831.43 
5,227.99 
44.71 
3,067.54 
149.66 
994.46 

889.71 
1,487.80 
14.18 
1,147.57 

252.85 
183.75 
211.58 


bS22.756.21 
36.00 
196.98 
3,346.17 


C$9,452.00 
28.53 
94.85 
1,441.59 
9.96 
694.38 

216.88 

41.97 
385.53 
614.7.=^ 
133.47 

69.86 


d$9,436.81 


e$35,698.96 
m6,867.85 


Motor Vehicle Repairs 




Travel 




Transportation 




Communication 


476.83 

39.50 

958.62 
'418.60 




1,557.05 
m28.842.64 
938.40 

ml,292.39 
197.58 


Other Contractual Services 

Office Supplies 

Educational, Vocational, and 

Recreational Supplies 

Motor Vehicle Supplies 


41.23 
11.08 

2,936.63 


All Other Supplies 




Office Equioment 


44.32 

4.00 
125.00 
30.03 




779.63 

m8.568.04 
13.33 


Educational, Vocational, a-.d 
Recreational Equipment .... 
Rent _ 


1.84 


Insurance 


16.70 
10.00 




All Ovher Fixed Charges 






Total Disbursements 

Returned to State 

Treasury 

Tran-^ferred by Budget 
Amendment 








a$70,529.30 
515.33 


b$28,432.26 
172.73 


C$13,210.47 

1,420.53 
4,079.00 


d$12,430.59 
27.41 


e$84,799.82 
5,839.20 


Grand Total 










a$71,044.63 


b$28,604.99 


C$18,710.00 


d$12,458.00 


e$90,639.02 



Excludes toUowing bonus payments: a$l,200; b$360; c$180; d$342.14; e$360. 
f Traveling expenses ($728.63) for Supervisor of Colored Schools from General Education Board, 
g Federal Appropriations; h Budget amendment; k Includes $2,547 by budget amendment, 
m Includes expenditures for trainees. 



CONSTRUCriON ACCOUNTS AT STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES 



Fm Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1945 



Sources and 
Purposes 


Frostburg 
State Teachers 
College 


Salisbury 
State Teachers 
Colleges 


Bowie 
State Teachers 
College 


Receipts 


Bonds authorized in 1939 

Bonds authorized in 1941 

Total Receipts 


$100,000.00 


$7,000.00 


$30,000.00 


$100,000.00 


$7,000.00 


$30,000.00 


Disbursements 


Architects' fees _ 

Con=!truction 


$2,264.15 


$332.49 


$1,135.15 
15.394.75 
8,463.50 
4,891.00 

6"6d 


Well „ 






Equipment 




General Repairs 

Miacellaaeoua 


5,541.50 


Total Disbursements 

Balance to 1946 

Grand Total 






$2,264.15 
97,735.85 


$5,873.99 
1,126.01 


$29,891.00 
109.00 


$100,000.00 


$,7000.00 


$30,000.00 



Financial Statements, Number of Schools 



225 



o a OS g H 

o a, o S 

a o o ^ 

o a H 



pajoloo 



Ti< o N 'S" eo oj o c~ o o 1-1 CO OS oi CO -"f ai r}< CO lo t> o «d lousoss 

C- <0 N ^ IM CO IM Tji lO rH i-H ?0 05 CO N IM (N ■>* <N CO lO CI 



•-I «i IM (N ;D O 05 t- 00 in O ifl lO 00 r)< ;0 ;D O t~ t> -rj" 



COrHr-l »-lr-l ; ,-1 CO ,-1 ,-H ,-1 tJI , ,«« 



iri rH lo ec ;co- 



jaqoBax-oMj, 



jaqosax-ano 



i-H-^Tfo ; CO o 5£> -"I" : o CO eo CO OS i-H 00 1-1 ;T)«r-( 



'aoiuag 'JBinSa'a; 


t- 


:Tjieo>-<co«Dooio<ct>ioc-'!j«-<j.cooiOrH-^cO'H;Di< co 


; : lO c- Oi 
; o 


joiuas-JOianf 


o 

CO 


00 ;eo ;eoco i—i :u5i-i ;i-iio co 


: CO CO ; co 
; o o ■, CO 



dnojf) 
puoDag JO jotunf 





i-t 00 lO O '<l' 


«D Tji W t- i-H CO Tji t- t- t- i-H «D lO ;0 O C- 




uox:;BzraB3jo 


CO CO CO 

CO 


th corH,-H COCO co^ ; ; 


; ; ; ; CO 
CO 











uoi:;bziub3jo 
jaqDBax-OAVx 



ic vfl CO CO CO CO »nio «-! T)< t- 1> rH c- lo ;o CO OS rH CO ^ CO CO 



jaqoBsx-auQ 



5 S'^P'-.S: 



« o C m 
g 9 C 



^81 



o =r > £ fcw S £■§ ^ c S £ £^ S5 :£ 5 ^ ^H'-H 



issil.2.2i ^ 



GJ W W 



226 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



o 



11 



•*ic<-it-t-rHcoio(MeoT)<^cr)ot^ai(MeocDc<icDom 

-^t-iOai(MOOC^jT}<Ti<;Dt-00-<#t-i:DCC(MOt-i^-<i<00 

00 cD_«> o CO i-Ht>-^o cc o lo eg th t- ooi ooi <n 
o t> .-H (N «d' ec oo" rjT co' rH 00 tH .-T im" i-T im" ec 

^ rH (M 1-1 rH ,-H— 



COM 0«5 
Tfcqooo 
(NIC (MIC 



;Ti<o50oa>-^-^oo>-i;o(Mi-ioio ii-itxTs-^o '.-^oi 
; t- a5_(N (M(Ji (N lo OS wo^co t-ri< ; T-H ,-1 1ft (>3 ;rH<x> 



t- T-l 00 1-1 T-Hi-H (M CO 00 05 00 t- 00 I'-HOOlftOO 

rHoo^ovftoooo-^-^oo^ofMOius ;iftiftTHiHO 

Ift T-H i-H i-H lO CO CO lO (M IC b- CO (N ; (M (M rH CO rH 



a> ift U5 (N CO ->a< ift CO CO 00 (m (m ;oO(Ni-i'Mco 
(M ^ ^ Ti< ^ t~ CO 00 rH05 :co--Hoocoo 

eg 00 i-H rH -^a" Ift IM 00 O "tj" Ift CO rH ; 00 (M (MrH 



fl ho 
o o g 



JO 



:co 1-H :io 
;co(M ;rH 
;CD rH ■ 



CO CD 
(M ift O 
ift Ift ift 



CO t- 

iM : rH 00 

rH :(Nt)< 



rHCOOJ rH 

t>oo 00 (N 

05 rH rH CO 



rHOO 
lO :rHrH 



; o ; : rH o : rH 
; (M CO 

o 



o CO 

CO ; ; lo (N 



CO O) 
00 00 
^co 



(^3 <75 U5 00 o 00 00 CO (M t> oi o : (M 00 <j> 00 eg Tt< 

00 (M t> rH ,-( rH t> U5 (M O CO O Ol OS : 00 CO CO CO rH (N OS (35 

loaioiooiftOTjtoorHrH-^aicgo ; co eg co oo ift 

t-'co" CO CO rH Cg^CD CO'co'cg^rH 'COrH rH rH(M'"rH 



eg CO CO CO rH 00 rH 00 rH eg t- CO lo CO : lo co ct> co tj* o5 oo 

t- 00 00 O) Ift lO rH Ift rH t- eg 05 ; 05 05 t- 1ft 00 rH t- 00 

t- rH CO eg « CD 00 o O5_co^oo o^-* ; cg__ift c<i co eo t- co t- 

CO-QO" rHr-T rHCvTrHrHrH ' CD*" rH 



o CO eg 00 1- eg t- o eg o o rH Tj< Til ; 05 co ift eo eo co 

rH ■"S' o> CO t~ rH eg o rH ift eg CO t- 05 ; 00 co co oco rH ^ o 

00 rH t> T}< eg C0__00^0 rH rH 00 <DCg Ift j (D CO CO'OO t- Tj<_Q0 

TfCO rHrHrH rHeo"rHC^rH ' t> rH 



iix . . . 

pC oj 01 o ca 

-5 fc"t: & 



0) o ^. 



§iilisl1l 



2gKt^.2.2 



■SIS S S Sis o £ S o § 5-2 §^ o -J5I 



Public School Enrollment 



227 



OH 



2 22? S ^5 °2 ^ °o N rH cvj OCOC5 1> -<o5 b- ^ »-i ,-1 



CO ooo o o 
o?ooio t- 

oToio'cg'" «o 




"T!? ^ o >— 1 1~ o 1— < 1— I in t> lo o 05 00 CO CD oi £35 

23 ?22^;2^2°S=^"''^"'^"'*"''m^=^iS^S5onSo5 

- ^.'=^.'>'*ooi>cco5Nino_oo_ooix>N?D<cinoo?-t- 



005 o 
CO eo in 
o 00 -"t 
N iTci" 



oscoooooaii-iaia; -HtMt-oot-coooaiooeoysr-ccgfN 
oas-^ascDTjtoao^ajineooot-cDint^ooTiieocDOJOCJ) 
'^,oo^t>-.oo_>-j_t> oo^cc T-<_t> T)<_Ti<_oo_<o o_.-i t> o in ,-1 (M a> CD 
^oo3,-ic<in<eoeoeocDco ui" c<f i-T t-Tr-TcQ n woec n* 



eo . _ 
o :cD 



Total 
Colored 


in CD 00 00 (N i-H CO CD m CD 05 
(N ^ CO CD CO 10 in 05 00 in 

CO M CD__00__(N t- CO s^.oo 
00 CO rH i-T 
(N -)- 
•i— 


eo eg CO in t- i-H CD oi ot-oo'^ t}< 
eg in CO CO t> 00 t~ 00 CO CD cDcocg-* oo 
1- 1- cD__cD 05 00 05 cginrt< (M oint-05 m 
-T cgeo" tjT t> -rfr-i 

+- CO eg CO 
++ ++ 


Colored 
Regular High 


Total 


4,425 


in 

CD 


00 CD 
C-OO 


in -"t 00 05 
0(M 
i-HCOCON 


05 eg in 

Oi T)< t> 


in 00 CD t- 
00 in CO rH 
CO rH rH eo eg 


.-1 00 
ego 

'"S'CO 




4,425 


Girls 


2,627 


CD 

05 
CO 


CDIN 

T-t05 


00 in (N 
in o> CD CO 


t- in 

1-I0 05 


eg eg CO CO ^ 

tJ* 05 05 I— ' 


eg CO 
t- 00 
eg 1-1 






2,627 


Boys^ 


1,798 


in 
in 

IM 


IN T}< 
CD05 


C-OC0t> 

Tjt CO in t> 


egoin 
00 CO 00 


CO 00 eg CO CD 
Ti< in CO eg 05 


05 eg 
■<i< eg 






1,798 


ior, 

High 
Dr 12) 


1 Total 


th (m ,in ; ;(n ; : . . 
T-H ;o ; ;o5 ; : ; ; 
00 :eo : . : . , , 


: : ii-i ; : ; , .in ; : co 
:;:w:;;;;in:' co 
; ; ;eo ; ; , . ; ; ; t- 
• • ' : : ; ; : ; ; ^j- 


537 
1,285 
1,944 

4,577 



0.2 



O u 



eg eo ;o 



eg otj< 
th in t- 

OOtJ CD 



o o O 
O'at- 



05 in in <-i 1-1 00 o ; 1-1 ^ t- i> C5 1> CD o o 
CD 00 Tj< t- in t> CD in ; eg CO eg CO CD t- 
o> CD o in 1-1 eo •'S' o CD ; oo m in m eg in o o 



: o 00 

;rHOS 

..-10 



CD in .-I CO CO in t- ; >-i eg o m in i-i co eo --i 
o th eo in 05 «o in eg o ;i-(co o--* oco m rH o 
!-^QOincg i-it>ineo ; eg co t- co eg eo m ■<j< 



1-1 00 05 eg 00 1- eo CO :oo5t-eg-^coeocDo> 
cDco-^osoooO'-iTi*-* lOC-osTfcDoomco 
in 00 in N »-it-ineo ; •<t eo eg t~ co eg eo m co 



t> eg 

TfCD 

in in 



0) o C 



5 to 



>>-) 



228 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE III 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools of Maryland 

Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County and School 



Allegany 
*S.S. Peter's and Paul's, 

Cumberland. 

*St. Patrick's Catholic Girls 
Central High, Cumberland 

*St. Mary's, Cumberland 

St. Michael's, Frostburg 

*La Salle Institute, Cumberland 

St. Patrick's, Mt. Savage 

*St. Peter's, Westernport 

St. Joseph's, Midland 



Total (8). 



Anne Arundel 

St. Mary's, Annapolis... 

St. Mary's (Colored) Annapolis 

Baltimore 
^School of the Immaculate and 

Catholic High, Tow^on 

*Loyola High, Towson.. 

St. Rita's, Dundalk 

Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, 
Middle River.... 

St. Ursula's, Parkville 

St. Mark's, Catonsville 

St. Michael's, Overlea 

St. Clement's, Rosedala 

Ascension, Halethorpe 

St. Charles', Pikesville 

*St. Stephen's, Bradshaw 

*St. Charles' College, Catonsville 

St. Joseph's, Fullerton 

St. Agnes', Woodlawn 

St. Clement's, Lansdowne 

St. Joseph's, "Texas 

Mt. de Sales, Catonsville 

St. Vincent's Orphanage, 

Towson 

St. Vincent's, Reisterstown 



Enrollment 



Total (19). 



462 

320 
320 
299 

169 
137 
109 



1,816 



376 
73 



416 

514 

502 
438 
381 
325 
313 
266 
265 
178 

232 
160 
157 
89 



4,326 



21 



128 



56 



229 
581 



70 
243 



77 



1,200 



24 



83 



10 



152 



County and School 



Calvert 

Our Lady, Star of the Sea, 
Solomons 



Caroline 

St. Gertrude's Academy, 
Ridgely 



Carroll 
*St. John's, Westminster.. 
St. Joseph's, Taneytown. 

Total (2) ... 



Cecil 

Immaculate Conception, Elkton 

Charles 

*Sacred Heart, La Plata 

*St. Mary's Notre Dame High, 
Bryantown 



Total (2) 

St. Mary's (Colored), 
Bryantown 



Frederick 

*St. John's, Frederick 

St. Euphemia, Emmitsburg 
St. Anthony's, Emmitsburg 
*St. Joseph's College High, 

Emmitsburg 

Visitation, Frederick 

St. Peter's, Libertytown 



Total (6) 

St. Euphemia's (Colored), 
Emmitsburg 



Garrett 

St. Peter's, Oakland. 



Harford 

St. Margaret' 



Bel Air 



Enrollment 


tary 


-cial 


>> 


lemeni 


)mmpi 


jcondi) 




(J 




51 


9 


15 


25 




12 


155 
38 




18 


. 193 




18 


127 






200 




57 


132 




33 


332 




90 


149 






183 
179 
128 




39 


32 
36 


18 
26 


67 
43 


558 


44 


149 


6 






72 
98 







* Secondary school accredited by the Maryland State Board of Education, 



Enrollment and Staff in Catholic Schools 



229 



/ 



TABLE III— (continued) 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools in Maryland 
Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County and School 



Howard 
♦Trinity, Ilchester 

St. Paul's, Ellicott City... 

St, Augiistine's, Elkridge.. 
*St. Louis', Clarksville 



Total (4) 

St. Augustine's (Colored), 
Ellicott City 



Montgomery 

St. Michael's, Silver Spring 

Our Lady of Lourdes, Bethesda 
Academy of the Holy Name, 

Silver Spring 

♦Georgetown Preparatory, 

Garrett Park... 

St, Martin's, Gaithersburg 



Total (5). 



Prince George's 

St. James, Mt. Rainier 

Holy Redeemer, Berwyn 

*St. Mildred's, Laurel 

St. Mary's, Upper Marlboro. 
=^La Salle Hall, Ammendale ... 



Total (5) 

St. Mary's (Colored), 
Upper Marlboro 



St. Mary's 
=^St. Mary's Academy, 

Leonardtown 

St. Joseph's, Morganza 

*St. Michael's, Ridge 

St. John's, Hollywood 

Little Flower, Great Mills.... 

Leonard Hall, Leonardtown 

Sacred Heart, Bushwood 

Our Lady, Medley's Neck.... 



Total (8) 1,230 



Enrollment 



77 
121 
102 

79 



379 
55 



595 
493 



48 
132 



1,268 



433 
290 
159 
88 



970 
74 



164 
242 
160 
177 
176 
109 
101 
101 



57 



57 



12 



12 



226 
165 



391 



167 
69 



236 



71 



52 



County and School 



St. Peter Claver's (Colored), 
Ridge 

St. Joseph's (Colored), 

Morganza 

TotaJ (Colored) (2) 

Washington 
*St. Mary s, Hagerstown 

All Maryland Counties 

White Catholic Schools (66) 

Colored Catholic Schools (7) ... 

Baltimore City 

*Seton 

*Mt. St. Joseph's 

♦Catholic High 

♦Institute of Notre Dame 

♦Calvert Hall 

♦Notre Dame of Maryland 

♦Mt. St. Agnes... 

Mt. Washington Country 

Calvert Hall Country 

Visitation .: 

Total (10) 

♦Sc. Martin's 

50 Other White Parish Schools 
4 Institutions for White 

Children 

Total White (65) 

♦St. Francis' Academy 

3 Colored Parish Schools... 

4 Institutions for Colored 
Children 

Total Colored (8)... 

Entire State 

White (131) 

Colored (15).. 



Enrollment 



173 
100 
273 

341 



12,162 
630 



23 

295 

202 
246 
169 
60 
45 



1,040 



908 
24,134 



240 



26,322 

71 
961 

147 

1,179 



38,484 
1,809 



155 



544 
15 



559 



714 



2,875 



1,167 
1,026 
873 
524 
649 
279 
214 



4,732 
170 



4,902 
205 

19 

224 



7,777 

224 



♦ Secondary school accredited by the Maryland State Board of Education, 



I 

230 1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education | 

•I 
' I 

: I 

: 1 

TABLE IV I 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Non-Public Other than Catholic Elementary and Secondarji 
Schools in Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1945 





Enroll- 
ment 


No. OF 
Teachers 


• 


ENROLI/- 

ment 


No. OF 

Teachers 


County and School 


Ele- 
men- 
tary 


Sec- 
ond- 
ary 


Full- 
time 


Part- 
time 


County and School 


Ele- 
men- 
tary 


Sec- 
ond- 
ary 


Full- 
time 


Part 
time 


Allegany 
JWaddell, Cumberland 






1 




MoNTGOMEitY — Continued. 
*Bullis (Boys), Silver Spring .... 
aCountryside, Silver Spring 
aChevy Chase Country.... 




ni8 


10 




Anne Arundel 








all2 
a92 


5 
7 




♦Severn School (Boys), 
Severna Park 










aGreen .A.cres, Bethesda.. . 


a60 




5 






*131 


12 




bLady Isabel, Edgemoor 


b48 




3 




HoUaday School, Annapolis.... 
Annapolis Nursery and 


65 




4 




Slade (Boys), Olney 


43 




4 












fHite Nursery, Rockville 


t35 
J33 




3 




Kindergarten 


a52 




3 




JWalton School, Bethesda 




4 




The Thomas School, Annapolis 


16 




1 




Chevy Chase Junior College 
(Girls) 


21 




1; 


Total (4) 


133 


131 


20 














Total (13) 


1 081 


440 


99 


3( 


Baltimore 
*McDonogh (Boys) 


412 


274 


44 


4 


Prince George's 






Hannah More Academy 
(Girls) Reisterstown 


22 


77 


14 


1 


Briarley Military Academy 
(Boys), Ammendale 


58 


7 


8 




Garrison Forest, Garrison . 
St. Timothy's (Girls), 

Catonsville „ 


58 


35 
92 


23 
18 


4 


aJack and Jill, Hyattsville 
Avondale Country (Boys), 
Laurel 


a50 
42 




4 

5 




JCrosby, Catonsville 


J89 


2 


3 


Hillside Seventh Day 
Adventist, Hillside 








Greenwood (Girls) Ruxton 


9 


57 


18 


1 


23 




1 




aBlue Bird, Ruxton 


a64 




4 




bMrs. Ballinger's Niu-sery, 
Riverdale 








Oldfields (Girls), Glencoe 




61 


16 


3 


bll 




1 




bHappy Day Nursery School, 
Anneslie 














b49 




3 




Total (5).... 


184 


7 


19 


: 


I v><* uv^iia V iiic \_/U(Jj^t;l d LI V c 

Kindergarten, Catonsville.... 
tPlayground School, Pinehurst 
Road 


+49 








Queen Anne's 

Gunston, Centreville 


17 


11 


6 




t25 




3 




Seventh Day Adventist (Girls) 
Grasonville... 






^Matthews School, Rodger's 








4 




1 




X24 
tl5 




3 














fLutherville Kindergarten 




1 


12 


Total (2) ... 


21 


11 


7 


















Total (13) 


809 


596 


150 


29 


St. Mary's 
















^Charlotte Hall (Boys) 


16 


*131 


10 




Cecil 

♦Jacob Tome Institute, Port 
Deposit 










*St. Mary's Female Seminary, 
St. Mary's City 


*61 


7 




250 


*86 


11 


9 










♦West Nottingham Academy 
(Boys), Colora 


Total (2) 


16 


192 


17 




56 


♦107 


12 


2 








Seventh Day Adventist, 

Perryville 


21 


4 


2 




Talbot 

aCoimtry, Easton 


a63 




9 




















Total (3) 


327 


197 


25 


11 


Washington 










Kent 


St. James (Boys), 

Hagerstown 


25 


68 


11 




Rigs O'Marlow, Chestertown 


12 


1 


3 




tMiss Hoffmeier's, Hagerstown 


t50 


3 




Montgomery 










Total (2) _ 


75 


68 


14 




Columbia Junior College, 
Takoma Park 


196 


223 


16 




Wicomico 




Landon (Boys;, Bethesda 
bWhitehall Country, Bethesda.. 
Longfellow (Boys), Bethesda 


173 
bl56 
133 


73 

"5 


18 
14 
10 


"3 
6 


JMrs. Herold's, Salisbury 

Total County White (48) 


125 
2,776 


1,643 


1 

365 


7J 



♦ Secondary school accredited by Maryland State Board of Education. 

t Kindergarten only. a Includes nursery school and kindergarten. 

X Includes kindergarten. b Nursery school only. 



Enrollment and Staff in Non-Catholic Non-Public Schools 231 



\ 



TABLE IV— (Continued) 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Non-Public Other than Catholic Elementary 
and Secondary Schools in Baltimore City, Year Ending June 30, 1945 









Number of 




Enrollment 


Teachers 


School 












Elemen- 




Full- 


Part- 




tary 


Secondary 


time 


time 


Schools for White Pupils 












t319 


142 


39 


1 


Calvert School, 105 Tuscany Road 


t351 




25 




Roland Park Country, 817 W. University Parkway .. 


$239 


103 


23 


i 




J205 


127 


25 


21 


Park School, 3025 Liberty Heights Ave. 


1215 


104 


33 


3 




J205 


114 


25 


10 


Talmudical Academy (Boys), 3701 Cottage Ave 


c239 


31 


23 




St. Paul's School (Boys), 2101 W. Rogers Ave 


111 


106 


13 


1 


Boys' Latin, 1008 Brevard St 


94 


79 


13 






1:125 




12 


"2 


Salvation Army Day Nursery 


ni4 




10 




Girls' Latin 10 Club Road 


14 


86 


5 


7 




92 




3 




Whitmore Nursery, Liberty Heights and Wabash Av 


b73 




4 


i 


Nursery and Child Study Home, 721 Woodbourne Av 


60 




4 


1 


*Samuel Ready (Girls), 5100 Old Frederick Road 


27 


*31 


4 




Edgecombe Academy, 2907 Edgecombe Circle 

Miss Crater's Country, 3524 Meadowside Road 


38 


13 


3 


i 


t50 




4 


1 


Cathedral Kindergarten, University Parkway and 










a45 




3 






b43 




2 


2 


Jewish Educational Alliance, 1216 E. Baltimore St... 


b40 




2 


1 


Kornerstone Kindergarten, Lafayette and Bolton St 


40 




1 


2 




b38 




6 






t35 




1 




Southwest Center Nursery, 1920 Wilkens Ave 


b35 




2 


2 


Knox Nursery, 6901 Reisterstown Road 


b35 




5 


3 


Walbrook Memorial, Gwynns Falls Parkway and 












b30 






4 




b30 




3 






d22 




3 






20 




2 




Clifton Day Nursery, 2628 Harford Ave 


b20 




2 




Garden School, 1525 Bolton St 


14 




2 






3,018 


936 


302 


65 


School for Colored Pupils 










Seventh Day Adventist, Harlem Ave. and Dolphin St. 


71 


4 


4 





* Secondary school accredited by Maryland State Board of Education, 

t Includes kindergarten. 

X Includes nursery schoo' and kindergarten. 

a Nursery sQhool and kindergarten only. ' 

b Nursery school only. 

c Kindergarten only. 

d Includes nursery. 



232 1945 Report of Mar\t.and State Department of Education 

TABLE V 



Number of Pupils Reported Enrolled in Maryland Non-Public Elementary and Secondary 
Schools for the Year Ending June 30, 1945 



County 


White 


Colored 


Number 
of 

Schools 


Enrollment 


Number 
of 

Teachers 


Number 
of 

Schools 


Enrollment 


Numbe 
of 

Teachers 


Elemen- 
tary 


Com- 
mer- 
cial 


Second- 
ary 


Elemen- 
tary 


Second- 
ary 


ICatholic Parish and Private Schools 


Allegany 


8 


1,816 


21 


521 


83 










Anne Arundel 


1 


376 






8 


" "l 


73 




2 


Baltimore 


19 


4,326 


11 


1,200 


152 








Calvert 


1 


51 


9 


15 


7 










Caroline 


1 


25 




12 


5 










Carroll 


2 


193 




18 


9 










Cecil 


1 


127 






3 










Charles 


2 


332 




90 


14 


"i 


149 




3 


Frederick 


6 


558 


44 


149 


50 


1 


6 




1 


Garrett 


1 


72 






4 










Harford 


1 


98 






3 










Howard 


4 


379 




69 


29 


i 


55 




"2 


Montgomery 


5 


1,268 


57 


391 


71 










Prince George's 

St. Mary's 


5 


970 


12 


88 


33 


"i 


74 




2 


8 


1,230 


1 


236 


52 


2 


273 




7 


Washington • . 


1 


341 




86 


17 










Total Counties 


66 


12,162 


• 155 


2,875 


540 


7 


630 




17 


Baltimore City 


65 


26,322 


559 


4,902 


927 


8 


1,179 


224 


77 


Total State 


131 


38,484 


714 


7,777 


1,467 


15 


1,809 


224 


94 


♦Other Non-Public Private Schools 




1 


30 






.1 










Anne Arundel 


4 


133 




131 




;;;; 








Baltimore 


13 


809 




596 


179 










Cecil 


3 


327 




197 


36 










Kent. 


1 


12 




1 


3 










Montgomery 


13 


1,081 




440 


129 










Prince George's 


5 


184 




7 


20 










2 


21 




11 


7 










St. Mary's .._ 


2 


16 




192 


17 










Talbot 


1 


63 






9 










Washington 


2 


75 




68 


15 










Wicomico 


1 


25 






1 










Total Coimties 


48 


2,776 




1,643 


437 










Baltimore City 


32 


3,018 




936 


367 


"i 


71 


4 


"i 


Total State 


80 


5,794 




2,579 


804 


1 


71 


4 


4 



*Schools and Institutions for Atypical Children 



Children's Rehabilitation, Institute, 


















Inc., Cockeysville 


50 




10 


8 










Maryland School for the Deaf, 


















Frederick 


150 




16 


15 










Maryland School for the Blind 


64 




17 


13 




25 




'5 


Dept. for Colored Deaf, Overlea 












53 




8 


Reinhardt School for Deaf Children, 




















21 






3 










Maryland Training School for Boys, 


















Loch Raven 


166 




4 


10 










Montrose School for Girls, 




















69 




52 


9 








5 


Cheltenham School for Colored Boys 










I'fs 






Marj-land Training School for 


















Colored Girls, Glen Bumie 










123 






5 


Rosewood State Training School, 




















129 






4 











t Figures furnished by Rev. John I. Barrett, Superintendent of Catholic Schools. 
* Figures furnished by principals of schools. 



Non-Public Schools; Pupils Belonging in Public Schools 



oot-coai«oO'*a5oooou5oooo(N^oo(N^ccO'-H'»t 

CTs?DO(M>0«DlOvOC<1000't(MTfirtoO!£>C-»-iOt-eCCO 
C<I_ y-l^ Oi » t>-. OJ, '"i t-;. ""i "-^ C<1_ N IN « CO T^,^ 

1-1 ^ iM eo * 



(N 03 00 ^ CO 

CO o ^ o o 



vf5t-t-C0(N00irtTj«t-(M-r}<N00 00t-iO00.-l0>«O0005 

eo^(N-<i<ootO(N«T-i-<i<a5t-t-mo(MU5mt>t-iOTi<oi 



'85 



5 i5 § 

c2w g-S 



•<J<OOeOQ005t-0'-HiOOOP3'-H05;DrJ<c<It~«0'-Ht>;DT)iO 

o rH .-T eg rjT ec CO eo" ;o" eo ui" c4" rH c^* lo i-T rH^ 



t- 05 00 
«D O lO 



(M'-HC<100'i"*00-^'-i.-( 
rHOJ-^OOOeclNb-INCJ 

(M-<}imcg<©eO'*<o«ioo 



tH IM 05 «0 (M 
t- ;0 Ol «0 



i-i-^iNOi loiirto . -<i< ;o a> t- «5 ;eoc- 
005000 ;ooiM';o ;<ooo-<i<oooo ;ooo 



C C C C bfl^ 

3 4) - 0) .Jr . 



.CO o 

; C<l <D (N 



OTj<OU3(Nt>005CO 

t> ec -^r -H «o (M 00 ^ CO 

Q0-<tOif5'-(e0«CO«) 



eo o oj in OS 00 1- o ■.•^n 
t- U5 U5 t- 00 o> 05 IM ;P3C^ 



O) 10 "5 u3 oj o o 00 1- o 00 o t- 10 eo ;d ;d 00 o 00 r}< Tji «»S"^c<ieo 

00 «o ixi 1-1 1> N 03 00 o 00 00 1- « <-i eo (N eo o> 00 o OS eg i-hdooiOi-h 

O « O ^ 00 « eg OS^ O 1M t- t> 0_ t> Tf 00__ 00__ rH rH «0 0_ 

■^os"»o .-Teg "5 rjTN eg 00 rHrf cD*>H rH eot-^-«to"i-r 

,-1 eg r-l^ r-l t--<tr-l,H 



; 10 eo 5£> OS t- «o o eg OS o CO eg :ooost>^ 
; 10 o «£> t- 1> irt Tj< t> eo CO «o eg ;ooiot-oos 
: 10 eg eg 00 10 00 eg OS eg «o -"t ;t-TfrHio»H ;o«o 



1-1 :eo T)i 



■.«>egeo 



Tf eg 
oeg 
OS eg 



oon ;o 
coos ;o 

l-HCO 



TO ^ 

a> 00 



egrt-^osioocoTjiooioi-Host-ic 
t-— i-^rfoo'^t-eocoiocoegoo-H 
m '-<__t> t> °° '^."'.^R, 
t>u3 eg eO'-reg*"io"eo'"co'"eg'"'-r 



; ic CO 00 ^ 10 00 OS 
; eg t- OS OS c- o o t- 
; co^rH 10 CO rH CO 
■ cg-i-T i-T .-rcg''T-r 




1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 




as o (N t> 00 
i-H vo o t- 



CO c<f lo y-^T^ i-T cSm c<f 1-1 



00 «5 lO i-l 
i-H t> 00 00 



t-t-(Nt-^i-lt-i-ie0iOO00«D0it-i-lCC05(N00;C(M00 
t-COi-(irtTjtX05005COOOt--^i-<-»J<C-<D<D5Cii-(THOt~ 

o 05_«D_U5 00 o o^t- t~O500T)<ccTfkou5 ifs in_i-H a5^05_o3 



4J O) 

Eh 



o>t>T)<ioeooo50>ooc<i 
o>oo^i-(i-(ootDa>ooT)< 
i-iO(NO«0(Meoeo.-ii> 



VOt-T)<(X>a500CO«DU5Tj<^,H 

00kO;D«DOU5C~i-t00C<IC0T-( 



Oi Ol C~ C<I '-H 
00 Tj< O 00 



lo 1050 looeoiot- ;«£)i-io ;oo«DC<iCT}r 
no ; nni-i ;^H.-tr^ ;co»HrHM»H icon 



o o o o 



:oeoo 
Tj< :i-ioou5 



00 ;oo 



CD 

o 



; c- o CO eo CO th to eo lo : oo oo eo n eo th o c<i ;t-cD 
: eo CO CO CD CO 00 CO T-i CD ; co os co cD co o ih oo ;cO-^ 

;>O(N00-^.H(NrH05iO :CD-^-«i'(Nt-r(tCOO>CD '.0500 



O IC C<I N C- CD 00 lO CO CO rH 00 ■>* CO N (N (N 00 lO T}< OS 1-1 U5 (M 

CD O t- CO t- CO lO CD 00 O (M O 05 i-H CO a> (N OS (M CO Oi 0> (N 

CO 0^t> i-H Oi Ol^<^00 O CO U5 t> N r)*^CO^CD CO U5 C^t> l> 

c<f eoodeo r^uScooSc^t:^co^ciT^oS^T^r^r-!^c>(nT-^ 



0OQO(N^"* 
CO lO lO Tl< 00 
CD CD -!j< (M 



(N 05 CD 05 OS 00 CO r-l 00 1-1 lO CD I t- 00 (N CO 
00 T)< N CO 05 O O (N tH 00 ; t- N CD t- t- 

eoeO(M(Nooo-<i<Mi-iooi-i«oeo :T)<Tj<,-iTj<tH 



o o 

CO OS 
Ou3 



OS o 
eoco 



CO ; ;osoo no .0(n 
00 ; 00 o :co ;co t- 
(M I ;th .coco 



1-9 K- 



T3CO 



»oos 
00 1-1 



00 00 
ID in 

CD CD 



looo—i-i^iMCDinoooiNooco ', osot-ca-^oiON 
CO o 00 OS o ^ CO 00 o 00 CO t- iM ; co o co >o r-i .-i co eo 
lo o CD CD 00 lo 00 00 T-i 00 OS ; CO rH lo eg t- o CO CO 



(M CO <-! <-! m <N CO ' 



I r-l 1-1 rH eg 1 



3£ 

o 



0) c 



k: £, 
a> o C 



8 a3 



S c c « 



Average Attendance; Aggregate Days op Attendance 



235 



z ^ 

< H 
« O 

OH 



OOO'OOvOOkOiftlOo'^'OOvOOOOiOiOOOiO 

o 05^05 to os^o^^eo irt i-c in ;o eo^m o co tj< t-_^ i/o c<i^ai_ t-^ 
(£> CO CO t- ^ o o eo trTio"'^ o eo oTo t-^oo"(N lo 
Ti<^i-^ w CO •«a< o t- ;o t- Tj< to 1-H lo CO to ec eo eo lo o oo to 



Ot-(MO» 
CO O CO 



ooinioooioooo 

OS^rH «D (N TfWcO 0Q_O OJ 

«5 eo'-'t CO o eo" in TjT 
eo«Dcgoo^io^iOr-(co 



;u50iflooooooooo 

l«>N(N-^OOC0'-<(N'-5rH^ 



inO'-HOinocO'-iiO'^eooj 
^ ^ CO in .-I .-I (M T-( c^ith 



oi^-* co;o 
CO oeo TjT 



3 M 
35 



in 



; in o 



: in o o o 



t- U5 (N 05 

CO o to 
<N 'OO 't^wooq^ 
'H i>t^ ic c-'arc^* 

O NCvJ '-HTfTfCO 



OOO lOOOOO 

1-^ 00 «d ioi^como 

ooootj< ;«Doo«cic<jeo 

00 00_^Oi ■ i-H_iO (N 00^ 

(N0 50 oTc^T'^'t^o 

copaN inNM-^eo 



o o 
coco 



'5 '5 'c Bzn'^ o 

hJoj^I^M^oo;^ 



iqoq 
iNajeo 
:t-.-HO 
■inco__tD 

O-tOJ 

N e»3 



at- 



qinqqqqqqq 
c5t-^eoa5o6c-^'«fc<iai 
0'^c^t>04t-eot-05 

'^l ^ ^ "-i 
«-rt> toeoeoo «o in oi" 
(oeoioooNioooo 



iinokrtinooooo 
;inTf;ot>o6o50«Dc<i 
■c-«D«oeot-»nTj<Moo 

; -"r OS_!C ■^^^O CO «5_«C <N 

i tfTio 00*05" c-^eo'o'vflco" 

:C^J0O0O(N<350O-H<X>(N 
1-1 IN-<J< ,-(.-(,-1 



00 00 

to (N 



ooiooqioioioini/joousioiftoooioinqokO 

oo^t-o5ln'a<OJ^-^-eoc>^c<^t-tDlftoo«Dl005'-l^-•T^'«o 
q oo_^ !N eo_^ lo^ o__ <J5_ q^ <n q_ o_^ o^ ift .-4_ t- «£>^ lo co^ -.t 
ctT r-T ctT o t> o co" N oo' (N in ^o" i<" ^n-^fSmm 
^oect-inc-05t'ooirtt-«OkOcO'-ioot-co»-i'-i^,HTj< 
;d ■<* ^ eo oj <c eo ■^f eo » o» n eo t- n n eo eo q«o «o 



COMt-N 
OOlOt-^N 



in in lo o in in in o o o o lo lo iinmomo 

■ -■ -• • -• cOC^^OTji 

^NOOC-Oi 
93 O CO 00 O 
t> t-^oTin rH 

Nt-Nooeo 



ooooioeoioiot-O'^MC-N 
o>«>i-(MOt-0'-ieo<DmNeo 
00 q 00 00 q CO N N in Tf 

.-H V Tf lO* 00 t> oT «o" O Tf Ol" Oi" 
e0-«*rJ<TfTj<00 00rf00iOOrH«) 



oio 
ieooJ 



u u i 

.2.2.2 2o>^ 
"S'S'S'S u. o 
3 0) 3 a; o 



in in 



'in'oT 



100 ieo»H 
\fO ;ot- 
; o ; -^f m 



qqq 
o6eo«> 



t-t-eq 
in-"*-* 



to 
3KO 



CO 


;in q 
; 00 t-i 


:io 
ieo 

:o 


L4,4b6!6 
U,828.0 


•<* 


"ctToo 
in i-i 






CO 




eo 



;in q 
idoi 



s 



;ooeo I-* 
;oj in iTf 
ioj in ;<o 



;qin 
ieo-H 
:eote 
;q_eo^ 

t> t- 
o 



in in in q in q q q q in in q in q q 

in ^inint-^^N-^oc3i^coddo6d 

CO to c- in t- tf> «o o in i-i Tji CO 

^ in 05 CO in vn t» o>_fO q^o CO t» <D q^ : i- . 

CO oToTco in aTaTto'eo r-Tcvr^-Tin ,-r irn t-^oot-^oo-^oooi 

N a> <o o M t- «o o X -"f t- 00 ;o in o> os m n oo eo 

05 r-(t-rH Tl« in (N CO 0> m m CO -"H c-" N-Hi-H^OJ 



ininqqqinqq 
.-3inot-eoco^in 

CO ;0 (N 00 '-H o t- 

'"' t-, "\ q, t-^ 

■■t> QOI> 00 00 oT 



CO 



0) *(D C 03 



... o rt a 

Bo's a)fiy_'"HHo 

C-Zu, 2 so C.2 2 ^ 



236 



1945 Report 



OF Maryland State Department of Education 



•00 oc? 



3 M 



• * • 00 O (M 



OX! 

■g M OqO 



cfl ' 
1-1 

o 



3:5 



.00 ON 



2-* fc^ 
c.S?°oo 



:cD . ^ OS ,05(MXC~ ; i-H 00 CD irHost-eoec 

ioo iosoo icDoioco ieoooeo ;o^ooo(M 
:oo 100 00 ; 00 00 05 loiooas icsoixoios 



; CO o 
;eo(M 



CO CD Ol 00 CD N 



i-( ;t- U5 C- O t- 00 CO CD ' 



0>t>T-(< 



t-eo 

C5 I5J 



CD 1-H 
O CO 



coo-^cokflcDt-eoeocococDOi-H 



OWOOOCOkOt-1 



i« o o o o 



oo 

05 OS 
00 00 



01 00 



o ; t> CT> lo o CD o c^ o o icDooooooooooco ;oo oo 

CO ;v-( ^ o o o o i-H r-i 1-H icDfoOi-io>o-^coo ii-io oicn 
00 iooo50ooooooooo«oo looooooooc-oooooooo ;oooo oooo 

_* * * 



T}<ooocDOcot>oa5CDOo 



O CO --I O O 05 1-1 rH <-( CO CO O lOOi-HCOO 

00 oi 00 00 00 00 1> 00 00 00 00 00 00 loooooooooo 



O O O O 



oo 
.-io 



r . 00 o 



73 CD 

o 





o 


:o 


; 005 : ; 


: : :o ^ 


;oo 


:o 


: oeo ; 


OO 1 


05 


00 


CD 

00 


ico 
;o5 


i'-io ; i 
100 00 


': r icD ' 
; ; ;oo , 


ieo ^ 
; 00 00 


;oo 


i O05 i 

;oooo 


i .05 o* ; 
; 00 00 ; 


i CD 

00 



00 
cfl t- 



O 00 O 00 O lO O 03 O O O C005 O :0500050t-00 



. a) 

=:cc3cflcflc3o5jco£cflcfloa)0-C3^5eflt^jr^ 



05 

53 S C 



t q; >- *n 

J S c c g 
m 



Days in Session; % of Attendance; White Teachers, Administrative 
AND Supervisory Officials 



237 



5« 



> O 

a c 

K X 



00 iCiOt>rH(MC^,-i,H(M(MM(N'-H^r}<00' 



SUOIJISOJ i 

dns ao -pYJamO | 



-uoi;unjsi 'asjnjsi; | 



--I O O O O O OO O O O O C t> O O O 5£> O lO O O O CD o 

eO ^^^^^ i-HrHN <-! rHWr-l Oi 



:OeOO(N»-iP500iO ; lO CO I O O rji O U? »« : O N N «D 00 «0 iM 

^ 'tH»-I ^ ' ' ',-1 Tj< CSM CO 



-uamaig 



0000000000000000500000000 «c eco ; 



s:iuepua:;uuadns | 



s^^uapua^uijadng 



5^ 



o o o 
ooeo (M 



lOQOO 
'rHNrHIM 



.Oi o 



OOOO 



05 (N (N Oi O t> 0> lO O CO CO O CD O t- •>* O CO to irt O 05 '-i CD 00 t- O 

Oi 00 ■<i' N lO 00 00 <>J lO CD l>(N O Oi CO Oi 1-1 CO t> CO lO X CO OOOOO'-l 

00 cooi'Hsot>oeot>o-<i>-^oo5iniooiCDiocDCDoo(Nt> o wocoo 

lO TtNCO (Ni-H tHC^JtHIM "3-^ OOt-H CD Tt<CD'<r'-H 



CO -"S- OS O i-H Oi O i-" O CO (N CO CO 1-1 lO Tf O t- CO (N Oi t> C<] :oot-o 

t> CO CO 05 CD CO .-H t> rH (M IC 00 O T}< 00 CO t> O) Oi eO t> 't-OCr-( 

eO O 00 1-1 CO 00 lO (M OS t> CO C^J CO t- (M 1-1 (M N Oi T*" CO t- OCTO 

i-l 1-1 1-1 1-1 i-i 1-1 CD-^i-l 



PhM 



Si 



(M CD X O O CO O lO CO O C~ rj< t> CO Oi (N O O CO O CO r-l <N o 

CO >c o OS <M 00 1- in CO c<i OS CO 00 OS t- in o o CO CO irt 

IC (N OS (M IM — 1 00 CD O IN U5 CO CO (N 00 CO Tji Tj< 00 O 1* 

O CO rH 1-1 1-1 rH rH COCO M 



lOCDtNCOCOr-OO-^OC^CONOSC-W 



C-OC0OOlN0SC0Ot-C-U5e0'-l-^C-O00-<J'C000CD(N 



00 ^ 

<U O l-H 



OS o 1-1 c 



I LO C Oi lO 00 O O T)< C- O OS OS 1-1 1-1 O 00 



(MOO 



lO o ;05 

CO O 00 ' ' (M 



OS o Oi ; lo 



CO CO O "3 



:ooio 
' t> CO 



: 1-1 00 
■(N 00 



OOOCOOCDCO ncool 



! 00 OS in t> o ! 



cooin(MC<i^t>inT}<coc<it>CD-ri<ini*t~ino 
■■~ lOj-*— 'X'^coinocgineotxNeoco-^ 

y-l^r-< (MCO 



i-<Oi W < 

00 in CO > 



C~ (N i-< 



oooct-iocooocoi 



(coeooiJOt~ocooTHi-i(Mo 



osoot-(M(MeocoT(<i-iooc— coin'rfO'^b-inoi 
cooooo(M-«*ooo-'^<cocooo(Minoot-c<icococo 
(Mi-(eo iH. i-(i-( Mco 



CD CO ■ 
coo t>- 



(MO(M icocoinoooocooo ;o 
CD c<i 00 00 1-1 CO in i-t 1-1 'in 



' O 00 

iiNi-i 



73 



<D ^ O 

> o t-, : 



MO', 

l^£l 

I c £ 5 - 



be ai 



C « 05 



tc C c g 



11 

7:> 



o 
> 

o« 
^ O 
C > 



> w 

^ 2 S-c) 



o "if -r"S 

Xi V ^ o 

o 2 S 2 

eo'^Sco 

t« C ^ g 
S o S & 

y d C > 



238 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



5C 

5 



o o : o o 

T-(rH ;(Mi-l 



cc o 



NEERS, 


tn 




OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOO 




All 
Schoc 




eOi-(OOOOt~OOC<I05THOOU5;000>«Dt-OC<)C<ia>OOt~lO 
«0 ;D 00 iH 1-1 CO eO i-H iH U5 CO iH tH ■^t-lr-l 


786 
1,402 






lO 


OOOOOOOOOO lOOOOOO iinoooo 


O ; ; ; : U5 


«J 
SI 


Col- 
ored 
Schoo 


lO 

«o 


IM O 1X1 rH rH 1-1 C<l CO eO rH i rH rH rH CO Oi rH i CO rH rH CO k^l 
CO 


00 • ; i : eo 

00 ^ 

rH CO 


§1 




o 


OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO10U3OOOO 


; : i • 


< 


Whit 
Schoo 


U5 
lO 


THrHCOt-COt-Ot-QOt^iOUiOSOO-^OOOlCOOlOOCOiOO 
X>rl<00 rH rH i-| CO rH CO lO UJ rH rH 


598 
1,149 



eCiX>«D05O000005OC>t0t-?DO-<4<rHO00;DrHO05Ca 

COeOOOCDOi-^rHt-T}<rHt-eOrH05lftt-COrHlOa5COCOeO 
t>Ot-IX10>rHmrHTl<t>Tj<C0rHt-?DO0000O050it^rH 
■^■'I'CD CO rH rH rH CO rl CO rH iCi t£> rH CO rH rH 



lO CO lO t- 
CD CO 00 
rH t- rH 



AI-II JO AI-I 

saB9^ 'spoqDg 

put? jBinSa'a 



II-I 

sjBa^ JO I jBa^ 
'6-8 sdpBjQ JO 8 
apBjQ qgiH Joiunf 



"2 00O5 05 ' 



ioorHoocot~eorHocooeocD05t>cooo 



IC O Tjt 

CO o 00 



8-L sapBjQ JO 
'L ap^JD 'siooqag 
qSiH Joiuag 
JOiunf puB joiunf 



8-1 'A-T '9-T 
!9pBjx) AjB:juauiaia 



05 CO 

Oi rH 

00 rH 



oeo 



rHoocooo5coooMOt>T)<cooDa5t-iooioooo5oo' 



oi^cooou505irtoorHCOcorHcooooeococot-oa>t~o 

lCt-COT}llOrH05t>05t~0"3t~Tj<COrHU5lOCO«OrHOt> 
COCO-* - rH rHrHrH CO"* CO rH 



o 



■«*c-05eoascou50Tj< 



t>OOt-t-OiOOCDOOO 



y t-oot-co 
cckcojeo 

■V t-rH 



Tl<T)<T)<0500000rJt 
Tj<Tj<i-tvot-Tj<U5C0C0CO 



-toocoojocooc-ooasco 
t>irtcDa>ookococooicoirto> 



J3> 



M O "o 
<!)•- O 
^ §1 



o 



is 
^ s 



0) 

SO! 
0) 

S 2 
O 



rH t-ocooeoo>eoiooo 



eoooifloooojoojcorH-^it 



T)<T)<-<1<(3500000-<J< 
■^Tj<rHlOt-Tj<U3C0C0CO 



;Troo(Mi3>ocooc-ooo>cD 

't>»OCOO500lOCDC0ai(MiOO5 



OCOC-OOOrHOOOO 
COCOCOeO'<J»COD3t>tr--<}< 



;ooooO(?>ocoococoooeo 

'lOTl<»4<lOC003eO«COrHOlO 



■<i<00t-rHO0>OOO-«J< 

cot>-<i<coeorHCoiou5co 



;T}<oo-<#oooow3corH( 
'corHNeococoeoTj<eo-HiO' 



rH 005 o eo oeo o o ;eo o o cooo oos o o> o i 



oeooeooco»ooo 



:eooocoicoo500500t- 



I o CO 
' t~ eo 



oo 

rHCO 



;oo 
'eoeo 



; o eo o o o o 

' CO eo CO rH rH rH 



CO 



.5 g S 



£ C S bi) .2 



Teaching Positions in Schools for Colored and All Pupils; Janitors, 
Firemen and Engineers; Receipts from State and Federal Funds 



a 



puB 95b:js ^oJJ I^^oX 



co,-iOi^oooooO'-iO'-(-«i<'Ht--co<D'--iecc^'-<t-Neo 

5Cii-nx>a5(M-^-^ot-c~^cooo5io-^-^(MQOt~oocoeo 

t-' ^ oi" t-" OO" O ^ O" rn" o" CO i-T CO >« c^' to o c~- 

iococ>ect-eoeoooc<ic<i^05<c^coc^c<ij50£ajocoto 

lO^OkOrHi-HCO'-HMCJeOCO'-ti-HrH-'tCO'HIMCJ'-ieOlM^ 



o 

^ CO 
co_ co^ 



piy i^japaj jaqc^o puB 
XouaSv sajjoyv^^ jBjapa 



spun iBuoi^BooA i^jepa^j 



piV a^B:>S l^^ox 



uoi:jBonpa :nnpv 
joj piy s^^lS 



iomioc^-<a<c^iOTi<;c^o«ooo-«i'Cvit>coc<it-cO'^^ 
o«DiOT}<Ttt-c--uO(ji;D'-Ht>oii;0'--;'^coa!OOioc<j'^_ 

Ai 1 ro ^ po in rr\ ^ h>- ^ h— O i-H l-H 



Mi-Hcoooc5cotD?ocoO'-Hcoioa5i— lOTtt^O'-^co 
(Noou5eooot-cO'-iooit-t-ioooc»oioiMcot-oo.._ 
T)<a5-^T}<O'^^c<iu5e0'^ rH ;d_io "-h oj oo t^.''^.'^,''^.^. 

* * * -je- * * 



o CJ 
t> CO 



eoooT)i05Tj<«oirtt-ioo5'-ioO'HC~(M-^-*'^o 
eoco'^u5iccviioot-«o-*(M05 0'*a5t>ooo 
t>coou5in«o(N'^'ocDo6^'-Hc<i(X)a5 0c<it- 

■^CO'-HCDOOC^'Ht-t-OO-^uOiOOCOCOCTsOOLO 
eOU0rHt>O5U0U0i-HO5;D O CT> o "'.^.'^100 
CO 05" -"jT tfT oT 00" TjT t> t-" 05" oT 0> C^" CO oT 

"<j<eo^eoi>c^c<j'-'c<i»HO;ci"tioc£>oc<jt-CT> 
u5ioiOi-H^eO'-ic^MeoeOi-ii-irHco«D'-i'-Hr-t 



irt o < 
O 10 ( 



0000 

10 O O O 
U5 O 10 



OOo 



spun^ a:^nS -taq^O P«« 
uajpjiqQ paddBoipuBH 



saxBj^ JO uoi^onpaH 



e 

es 

s 
.2 
">> 

13 

o 

S 

OS 

00 

X 

g 
© 



punj[ uoi^^BziiBnba 



pan^ IBu^^Btipuj P9J0103 



SIBptgQ JO S9UBIBS 



uoi:ioni::^suj jo 
B|Bija:jB]/^ puB S3tooq:;x8X 



90UBpu3:;:;V puB 
uoi:jBpidoj[ looqDS 



:C0CDtDtDOOiX>OO«£>t>(M 

;tDxa>oocO'-;cOkr5c-;io-<a<oo 
;t>Tjiooif5NCOcoc<ia>'-HOc5o6 
;«o«£>ooooot-c-c<i(Moo— (cg 

; eg i-H ,-H tH IM ,-1 *C<IiO«5 
•* ***** *** 



O O ^ T}< o 

o o ;o ^ eo o 
o 00 ic 05 CO 

00 CO t- ^ (M CO 

-H * 10 * 



Tj<cgiOr-i05Woo.-imoit-a5eocot-T)<t>cgt--^coi-n-i 

OiCO-^i'(M05COOOOXiOvfl-^,-iOi'-(«300cOOeO«DO 

o>ooTi<5Dt-t-eoooco-^iou3eo-^ooaooocg'^'^oo«o 



o(Niococr>-^c<i,-icot>-^coocot-(Nooo>coio-^.-(«o 
•^oo5oo«£)oot>a5^'^c-(Nt--'-iOr-ioocoO'-(i-no^ 

M-5l<.-ICg«0(N-*0'-lOmTl<<£i«0<N'-l(M(NC<lT}<;00000 



00 : Ci Ci t~ 
Tj< 10 00 

;ocg iCOOiO 

t-'t-* : OCvT'-T 

(35 «0 100 00 U5 

,-((N ■ * ^ 



O eg (N t- 

oi^w «5_cg 
t-'io eg c- 
f-i o OS 00 



t-cgt-OT-ioooi^o 
kOt>-«j<cgT)<Ta<eooo 
ifl«5cgo>Tt<;oo5^ 



0000000000 ; o o o o o o o o o o o o 

U5 O 10 O 10 U5 lO O O 10 ; O 10 U3 O O 10 O 10 10 10 O U5 

t- in t- m t- "5 "5 t- : krt t- us 10 t- U5 t- t~ 10 t- 



eg o o eg o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 

1-1 eg -^f CO eg eg « 00 eg eg 00 00 00 eg eg «5 ?o eg eg eg eg «> eg eg to 

10 <»t>a>^eo_w 10 '-<^eg__o__co__a>_u5^05_ai_io a5_t> 10 eo t-^ 

i-H •-(,-( 1-H eg 



^ <o 00 u5 r-( ;o Tf 1-H 1-i o CO 10 05 eg o "-H OS t- ;o 10 01 00 00 o 
oot-eo"5U5cgooa5<£>cou5oqiou5»-jcg'--iooooo<D5oo ~ 
t-^coino>t>'-HtD^t>i-Hegai-^eo'-^;oajTi<eo'ujajT^«D 
iorHrHU5oo«o50t--^oocgoooioio?DOr-(;Dcooieoo 
05 ^^"5 CT> ;D_m cjt)' 00 o oo_^o> oi cg^io o 00 o lo i-( t- rn 

ej T-^" tt rH eg" vc CO CO 00 CO ic CO r-T -"^ eg" 

i-H ^ CM '-< .-I ^ 



lOOOOOOOoOOoOOOOOOOOOO 
t-;lOlOOOOOOOiOoWOU50U5lOiOvnOO 

o6uoo6t>'-^«oa5cg'ni-Hin»-H;Deot>05 0o6eocot> 



coeg^«DmO'*T-^^cgm-^05t>int~coO'-ieg'-icoeo 
oooioeg«oc-'^;c>t-t-ot-u3iococococ^ooioeg»-ioo 
1-1 00 00 «D t- oi o__(x> eg t> Ti<_o «d t- eo o i-i 

CO t> y^co'Su^oo -^laiatv CD mcSoo-^-^ a^<^(o(Di-^ 
osot-i-i— (eoegegegiocg-*cg'-(05egi-Hi-Hcg'-it-eocg 



:t3 



(U S >- 



0) a> C m 



R d ^' 

.eg s 

^ o w 



I 1 

eS O 
PQ H 



239 



«Z7 

BltJ 

3-53 



SO 



o o*** 

eo-« C 

•« > M 

93 o v 



> 2 ft «• 

rt-S S o 

« « VJ 

3 3.2 2 

« M 



240 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



UO CO 05 
^ C Oi 

CO iC (N 

05 i-T^c^T 



(MCOOOOO.-HCOOO'*CX3(Mt-'*t-(NeOt-iO £0 

oo5T}<c<ic~oooo'^cot-^'-;i--t-oo^c-;-^o>o CO 
lo CO «r CO c" co" c^' c-" ^ i> Tf" c<r ctT CO n j-' 

(N O ^ 03 ^ CO (N ^^^'-'^(N CO eO(N (N LO eo "5 



paMojjog 
JO spuog JO ai^s 



saojnog J9i{io 



insuj 



Trcxseocxjcoo^cnuo-rro-^c-occviO-^oCvi 

(M 00 Oi ;C t> C m lO 00 t- CO <N CO t-; CO Tj< 

oc^Tro6o6>^coot-^o6'--<0'*^^o^t>;Dt>t>ooa5'<*>iO 

05T-<«Dt£)if5COiOOOO(NCOOOcOt-03t-"^03Gf>^C^^'lJ 

«5 ^ CO i-H in C<1 C- rH 05 C- l-H 00 Tt" CO O Ca i-H r-l o 



A^jadojj JO aiBg 



puB sai;uno3 SuiuioCpy 
lB;idB3 puB saa^ uoi;mj^ 



sjisodaQ 
uo :^s^J^:^uI P^b 



sjauoissiuiuioQ XtjunoQ 
sasodjn^j lOoqDg JOj'^Aaq 



; o cn 

i N CO 

;tj< o 
00* 



o o t> o o 
o o CO o o 
id o w «o oi in 

00 (N CO 00 t- 
o (M ' " ■ 



I CO r-i 



: o o 00 in o 
t- 00 CO i-H oi 
05 in 00 ;c Tf 



o in o 
; o o o in 

■ o t> id (N 
, m o 05 CO 

■ CO lO CO 

co" 



in iM o 

.-H CO t> 



lo t- o 00 to 
Ocoeo^ri 
'"1 in a> 



o o eg 

TjJ 00 id <-H 



ooooc--<a<ooc<iinot-mo 
inoino^D'^Ttoit-ioint-m 

C^JOOOOi-HOOOOONOicON 

ot-.-H?ot~osinoiT}<cviirti«'-' 
i-nD 00 o 00 t-^C3_eo 

co" (N* i-T^" 



O : <N O O 

o ; oi o o 
o : ffj id o 



03 CO <o 

Tf t> 03 O 
in ■«J< rH 



;o CO 

CO '-H 00 

»-i CO lo 





O : 


:oo 


;0000 


; o o 


;(N o o 


; O O O O O 


CO 


O 


: o o 


: o q o o 


: q q 


:eoqq 


; q q q q q 




00 : 


:id id 


; d id id c4 


;t>N 


: t> d d 


: id d id id in 




CO 




: 00 ca t- 


; (M i« 


; (M 03 to 


i-^ooc^-^oo 




t> ; 






; "^'^ 


; t-,«o__eo__ 




in 


cvT 


' •^id' 






oo"id"in 


'oo'"t>03'"d"id' 


in 






CO o 


(M (M 


t- t> rH 






<N 











siooqog joj XBj^ 

puB jC^uno^ 



0'-io0'-iococoinoin-«*0'-icoeoc<iinin«oc<iooo 
oo-«toeooo5oo-^-Hcocoeoinino'-icocoi-ii>ooco 
in 03^q_t> in CO —I ■^__rj< oo t- t- co in eo_qt> os^^n q^q_o 
T)<"t>oo"co'"o3'"^''deo d'c^TcvTd^d'd'i-reo oTco co" oo 03 to" 
oinininoo«o«ot>'«!)<^(MooinoNcoo«ooooocg'-Hcq 

00 «D «0 N M ^ Tj< ^ CO "-H in O ^ I-H t> N rH 




ff6l '08 aunf 

aauBiBg 



o ' 1 1.-J c\j um c- c~ c- to CO in 

qooqooooooa3qin.-HC<iinqinoi-<fcoT-H 
dddc^idd^c^ooTj^-^dinTfot^Tfcd^das'inN 
(MT}<otoinoceo»c--int-t--Hino>-^t-(Noct--^'-i«o 
cg^(N t> 03__03__T}<_-^_in co^^q^Tf eg q_q_cg_^0'-i eg co_in eg oo_oq 
" fr-To-in co■■cg*t^■■'^■■^"oc'■^"a:'oo'■ 
^ ^ CO Tjf 
73 0) 



in eg t> eg"'-rt--'"in CO cg't-^ ~ 

to e^ '-I rH o3 eg aco eg 



to" to" to" 00" in" d 



0) 



S C <Q cH CIS 



^ o 2J ca o 



05' 

<D C C M 
C C V ^ 



c . 



c 5' 



OS 



° o 



5 -2 

m Eh 



tJl) c 



6°- 

£0 

«« o 



^1 

c P 



C3 u 
""So 

c S 
2 g In 

c; o C 
•| « o 

lli 



c3 



- oj o 



? ^ CO C Q,-'^.j3 3 



CO O "O 03 c~ 

■ d 03 



.5 S 

m O 



s-i eg I CO '-^^ 
3 3 S 3 3 3 ^33 



C 

.C m 



> c 

O 4) 

[iH O 



X2 
3 



Si 
£ a 
oQ 

la 



..Ji 

P-H— " 



I -a- 



c c w 
j: 3 3 « 

M O O r; 

s 



w 2 c S - 
Sao , o g 
CO c '-^ «t3 j< - 

If "sin 

^.2 " c-J " " o 

Z^li f O S ^ & t 

llllliil 

-cod 



■ir o 
SO 



3 eg 



w o c- eg 

oioegO'-Hin 



;.£.s^ 

I o --H in 
; o eg 00 



*3 O y C ' ^ ^- . . . 

GJ+J tC r; MOCOtOOrHCg 

C C3 J3 fe'OOtOiOOCgO 

■^m '^c £o"oo"t- '=i^.^. 

.-.^'-''rtJPtctoajtnww 

^-jri: ^ T3 -C Xl T3 
3 3 3 3 3 D 3 



Receipts and Disbursements for School Purposes 



241 



5^61 '08 yu^r 



-asanqsiQ 



^aaiAJas 



Sui'uiotpv 
6% uoi^jmx 



-it:-a>Tj<(MC0OC3O^C0OOTf<C0<MC~-^l>iMC0C-i'~ 
]_05^0 t-^u^_^CO_C-J_CO ■^^'t "OtI^^^D 00 rH lO X fO 00 lO^CO (N Oi 



(M in CO OJ ' _ 

in 1-H 00 «5 (M 
CO CO eg (N in CO 



c-«oeoinoOT-(oooai^'-ie~t-.-iot> 
ooc^c30-^(N-^^(NWooco-<j;inineo 
(Niocoo6-^a5dcoi>a5050t-^rj5.-H-<d< 
(Noocoinoo«5inT^Oii»iftOicot>t-oo 
oo(Noa(NOinTi<ot>co'nooo'^co'^ 



t- c- o 
oi ^ CO 

i-H C<1 rj« 



CO . 



IO5(MrH(NO5CvlTj<e0t>Tj< 
< (M rH t- eg eO T-( i-H 
) <D CO 



IC U5 .H T}< CO eg 
OJ 05 i-H ;0 "^'CO 

CO 00 rH d 50 
00 eg 05 o ;o 
1-H O5_oo eg r-j^eg 
oT doc''in •^m 
CO ^ w3 eg 
6 



) 00 -H 

) in t- 

"(> oo" 
* 1-1 eg 
) CO eo__ 
"i-TeJ 



i-ic~t-inQ005.-(t-Tj<a5i-iOi-H'-nno5cooTfo 

•rl<Oinc-CT5COOOt-CT)OT)<t-OOCg050t-<£>COCO 

^ R ""1 ''I R ""1 

CO eg-Hto 00 --Tcg'eg'cg'eg^t^ dcg'to 00 •^"c-^t--''.-r 
cgoooeooegineo>-icoegcokninTj<oot-a5eoeg 
cgcg«5-*'*-^QO->*;Deoc^j-<i'ooegeocgcg»Hinco 



»-«3<t-eo«oooegi-iinrH05in'-KCi 
ineO'-iu50'>*?oo>in>noQOt>Ti<in 
cooit-cJi-io-^oiocooocgt-inrH 



; CO t> eg 00 CO eg 
;«D as in o «5 eg 
: CO t- o in 



o eg CO o o ;oocoo-^oo 

Oi-Hcooo loocooegoo 

oooooddin idin-^cgot-^cg 

coTfcDi-Hco ; 00 OS t> rH eg in 

t> 05^ CO vno5_ i'*®"^'"! 

cgo't-'r-Tin 'cg^aTaT^o" wTc-^ 

t£> 00 eg CO eo o eg eg 



icgooaiooooo 
icooo-^ooooo 
;t>c5ddindininin 
loim^corjtooegTfco 
; in t> CO CO o eg__in t> oi_ 
•^in in ?o 00 t-'oTo m 

l-Ht-i-HOO r-i^ocg 



■<tooocoo5-^05t-cnoooot>cocooooot>oo5'-i«o!oco 

oa5-^<Dt^;eginooT(;a5i>t>o>egegcot--^airHi--(eO'-; 

ineoo6Tfo6i-Hincgegt><-Hint>;oegini-Hcgdi-H 

»-(in50i-(THknina>inini-(5D«>!£)egt-^oco'^cgegt- 

t> o -<t CO CO «5 eg^ t> co_^ eo_^ oo__ in t> i-<_ in o 

CO tfToTtDcg o in t> of os'eg'"areg"d't> ort> t-^i-T in in 

inix>inootDaiO'^t-coeg«oO'-(cococoint-in«Dino5 

eoooii-HcginTj'eocot-Tjtineoegt-cocgcgegcgO'^eg 



in ^ rH 1-1 



;oo : o o CO «o eg o o 00 o 

;oeo lOinooTtooocsoin 

iinoo i d t> t> Tj! in Tf in d 1-5 eg 

ieg^n ; eg 00 in th t> CO 00 

iTjt^ eoinooeg^o egojt- 



in t> 1-1 
ot-cg 
00 eg ic 




3aipnpui) 
saSjBqo P9Xi^ 



4.S3pu33v 



uoi^Bjado 



uoi^Dnj^jsuj 



incgot-eoeginTi<i-i05cgi«fO 
oosrjjosrHTjjocgi-^inoscioi 
>05-<j5cgoi-HinoiinTj;oo6t-^ 

Kr\ #A /— \ *4i rr\ r^i k/^ 



egoo«p<xioo'-Hooknot> 

C5 05 O 1-1 




to oooooc^eoinTjtrHcoeot-coeoooonDincgoiO'^coin oo ^ 

«D t--«a<cgifl«oi-H05oeoc^_05 05TH«50«ooegcD-^«ot-;T^ in eg 

in d oi CO 1-H in t> 00 00 ^ eg d 00 d eg 00 o> <o o in d d OS od 

00 eg i-i eg eg 00 1* oi a> o t- to t- Tj* t- 1- o> t- ;d o o in y-t m 

05 in <o t- 00 CO 1X1 in eg «o Tjt o> o in <D 00 00 in eo 00 1-1 oo c- 



, ^"eo in Ti<'t^t>os 

SCO "f iH 



eg r-( o C0 1-1 



in in 
in o 
«D o 



ococooooi-iegi-ioooot-cgooegegt-coot-rH 
_-<*oeo<OTj<OiHoqeo'*05coegcgi-Hcoi-Ht>oqin 
eg-^o6a5deoTfeot>do6riHi-HcodTj5dt>oddd 
(Mi^oooinooinint-oooi-iooeot>tD05cgt>«o 
i-i'^^iHcoin«oo50>_-^t>Tj<ooinc-cocooo>t-inin 

CO t> oo'co t-'eg^coaT^o'eg o>"eg t-^oTofc-* co deo 
«n'-irHcoeooocoini-c<i<cgi-(toinr-(egiHi-ic-Tj<eg 



a5-^-^cDin?Ci-i'^'^tD«DTi<,-c.!j<cgi-i;D05inT}<inego 
a5COt:-Oi-c^oo«ooinciT}<ooincoeg«ocot>a5i>i-(05 
CD ^»05 eg "5 ^ ^ in in o to t> os m eg 

cg't^ ^''t-r^''-^cg't-''in of'* ctf oo'co'dt-^t-'oo'i-T d't> co'i^t'" 
oot-aii-iooi-iCT)^'*'-'t~cooi*^i-iininoioo-^oa> 
05t-^^^ri<egegegincg"*cgi-ieoegi-ii-ii-i»-<oocoi-( 



loj'tuo3 



in oi 

CO CD 

<o d 

(M eg 



1-1 eg in < 
eg ^ as I 
00 'in o ■ 



1 in CD ' 
• o o 
1 1> t> < 



: m eg in o 

> O 00 00 o 
i CO CD C-i CO 

I o CO CO 

I CD__00 t- 

"in CO ctToo" 



(Mt--^oot>moi— icD 
coasaii-icoi-i'-'^cg 
''^^ ^ ''I 
■^"oo" oTd aTdeg'in t> 
eg 1-1 1-1 eg 1-1 



^ 3 
o o 
HO 



Qi o a _^ 

c3 O 0) 



M O C cfl i» - 



+j O Jr! a) 



O C 

16 



I <^ ll 

^< <D .g +? (H 

^z; M'tj 

3 w tn -tJ hP 

3 ni O W 3 



— »^ 00 o ""^ 3 "m 
i-'t^^ O'-S^-OCO o 

T'otOi-s'o'o'u ^13 



geo «io-S 
« ft - 

> +^ 2S 2 

"is ii s 

OX "^l 

0) •• >> 

e a> ^ 
§ M c3 



.20 ^ 



C3X 

o y ^ 0) 

>.|^ 
X art 

3 C —O -u> 

S "S s 

'Stj £ o =^ 
C :^ .^"^^ 
^ ^ 



3=2 3 
=5 

0^3 o 

o 3 u 
3*" 3 



m £2 M 
O 



9S» 



s. 



US 

S 

3 ^^se- 
300 S-^ 

•2 a3 rt 3£ a;? 



c — c 

o 

o in o 
0^0 
degd 
o in o 
Raf^. 
000 
00 — I 

€«- se- 
al GQ M 
QJ 0) a> 

3 3 3 



242 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



10J:^uo^ 



loj^uo3 
IBjauao JO 



loasasc^^NNi-HaoooinNioo-^c^icviovoifsosoco 

eC«5M«>0504DOt^?DOOOOOOOOOeCTj«(NTMO 
(N<N(M'-HC5t-000->*OeCICO-^C005C5'-iCO'-i'-iT-'^ 

t- CO a^oO'T^-^ r-^a^cStr^\f:ma^aD-^ooo'. o oi o n t- 



t-^O^DiOt-CDOOlOC- 
O^O -^ N 00 C<I^iO "-I <N 

g c a 



iCt-i(MC0CC0CDOOIMC0 

oiO'^ooeoco-^oO'-i'-it- 

eg TJ< ?D CO t- >-HO5e<5C0 



JO sasuedxa 



aouBpuaiiy 
JO Xjbibs 



JO iCjBIBS 



JO sasuadxg 



JO Ajbibs 



:^u^pu^^UlJ^dns 
JO sasuadxg 



:tuapu3:}uu3dns 

JO Xjbibs 



3ui:}ipnv puB 
seoiAjag jBSaq 



<NOOOO00OU^O(MOO5CO«>i0rHOOOt-O-* 

u5o,-ioopoocooTfc<i«c>oo»-ioioooeoocx) 
c<iou^ooTj<c>»-Ht^oiciO'^o»-HajtD>ooo^-^o^ 

t-OeO«DOXO(N(N'-tt-00'<tOt>00(NOOOOO'-iO 

ectciMeo-^ CO i-i .-H (N (N eo -"tio eg t- ^ eo «c ec ^ ■* '-' 



0050t>OOOi0050050>OOOOOT}<(NOOOO 

T}<o50cgoomTj<coin>t>»oooooooocgoooo 
a5cg50t>L«covoa5eoooco;DU5>ooot-cgxeot-u5ioeo 



eg CO (N .-I '-KM • 



H-H r-l tH (M rH 



IOOOOCOOOOOIOIOOOC005COOOOO(»00 

rH-^ooi^ioo^Doc-t'-oooait-ot'Ooaso*^ 
■~ "■' — — ^ — u5 o eg o o ^ ' 




ooo 

"5 CO 



:oo 
:ioo 

:cg' d 



:ot- 
• oos 
cg_o> 

CO 



:oo 
:qo 

id U5 
■ lO t> 

in 3 



cgoooooooooooeocoooo—iooooot-oo 
(NOt-oooioooo-^toooooiooooot-^cg 

eooT-^ioomooooT}<u5iooococgcgooict-i-i 
;D«5iM'r(<ic-<a<iomioeocgcg-<tiOTi<Tj<'a<T}i«>Ttcgcg 



CO o 

OS 



oooasooocgooooioooooTj<oooo;D 

OOOOlOOOOOOOTHOOTjHOOOr^OOOO^D 
OU5L0Tj<«D?DiOt-cgcgOU5t>05OO0CiOO00Ot>;D 



CO oo^oooooooTj<eooooo 

«o O05a>»cooknoooeoc-;00oo 

oi d 05 rH ic d d Tj< eg d lo CO d d lo d 

Tj< o5 eg i-H o o o <» ooi coco irt o ic CO o 

eg Tj< rH t- r-i t-( CO CO CO cO'-i'-i oo^ 



oooooo 
o t> o o o o 
dd »o d lo 
lo t> CO w w 
.-H eg 1-H CO CO 



sasuadxg 
.sjaqtuaj^ 

pjBog 



Suisi^jaApv 
puB 3ut:iuud 



ooooooooocooooooooootooo 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCDOO 

ci<6<6<6<6<6<6<6<6Scid>d:<6'6<6<6S<6d>(D<6S 

OOOOOOiOOOOOOOOiOOOOOO^OO 

eoio50coco50t-co;D«Dcoco«ocoi-ocgcoco«£>cou5coco 



irtoo«ot>«>iocgo^coifl-*.-iot>eg?oo«a5 
oj o CO lo oi Tji 00 lo o eg 1^ «D o o in T}< lot-t^ 
■^t>eg CO eg eg CO CO eg eg eg w eg rncg 



sasuadxg 



«5 eg 
d ^ 
00 00 
00 in 



-d"cot-o;^"OOio-rj<cgcoi>'-iioeo?D;oooO'-ico 
50-^iocococo;coqr-icgi-HTi<t~TtTj<cgo-^t-rj<cg 
rHdddiodrHdcgdegt^kno6'*cgegeo'HTj<eo 
coioot-oioocgt-i-H^-HTjtiocoosotot-rHooixico 
<ocg;Di-iT(<t>-0'-i»-ioo«OTj<cgTft>t-Tj<Tji,-ir-im 



l\0 »-l T-lfHrH 



eg eg 



o _j "t; <D CD .o 



2 12 
2 



§^1 



.2-1 § c-2 g<g 
2-5.2la S.2 

S o g m 

ooeo**^«iico S H 

^S^cg^^S.' 
T}< ^ -n< 00 e rr 

eoJS^'^eg "xJ 

M m w CD CO e 
a; 0) I* a> 01 K 
73 -O "-^S >, 



a o 

^ O 



:3 3 



Cos 
- 

C « >. 

lis 

2-5 5E 



9i B' 



o 
o 



,2 rt <i, 

nil II 

+^3 > & 



rttDt-eg'-it>oocgeg'^-*«r>co,-<oo«ocg 
-i-'oo<0'-Ht>^oo'-ioocgin'<j<a550t-oo 
o ^ ?D t- i-i o o 00 'l^'~l'^.cg o> o> O5_oo__ 

r^Tf todco - 

««-cO'-Heo c 



i"co eg eg 00 t- oTo^ o 



<oeo05int~egiJ>oinoooajTft-^o 
tDomcg^Dospoast-^inin^o^ooo 
fcooegindt-^dddTjit^oonSjooidcg 
c3ooin<Dega5Ti<opt-t-^ t-" ^ co -"J* o o 
is ooo 00 in eg Mt-eg-^ mo^^osoo 



60- c« C3 



. 'oTo 

MCO'H 



z 



rHt-T3<ooocgeoc^ineg2oeg 
oot-;i>-OTj;coooineg<»coco 
ajo6-^dt>do6incoo69;dd 
c-cgt>-t-05ai,-(t-inco'5in«£> 
00 in ^"^^P'-^^eo in 00 eg "'^to 
d"o''.-rcg''t~''in cg'io'eg'"^ ^ ^'(m" 

rH eg T3 13 rH t3 t3 t3 t3 



00 m 
eg in CO 

€«-in y-l 



: ooj ;o in CO 


;^cgo> : i 


: rH lO 1-H i-J 


; <o T}< ; ; 


'; 00 1> eg d 


;>«cgd ; i 


CO 00 t> CO 


; " eg CO 


o w o »-i eg 


• egoo • 


^« « w 




w « 





; 00 t> O '<l< ■ 



loeg^cgcg' 



05 O CO O 
"2 00 00 t- 



c 

i!s 

O ; 3 

O 3 O 

-C C 03 C 

S S S 
!fl o: n O 

^ o gii. 

lis 



; 52 in 
;o02o 

in 00 00! 
eg ."eg. 



oco 
o eg 
<£> to 



05 CO 

00 CO 
CD i> 

"rfd' 



000 
in CO 
in 



373 



Co 

■O 
5 C w 



C 3 c3 



•5 1*^-2 -2 
c 0^ 

3 03 ■ O 

M<3<!Q> 



<5S 



C 
B 

c — 



.2 2^ 
w 5 S 

•S-S o 
<30P3 



.2 c^!^ 

■^^ ««^«- 
y C ^ 
3 0) ^ 

«^.26 
.2 o cs »- 

0.0 



Disbursements for General Control, Instruction and Oieration 



243 



JO lEJOJ, 



JO e^so3 Jaqio 



J9M0J 



.SiOatUEf 




! ii ii iilil i ^ « i I i 



i llpllllllllPiPill! 



i iiiiiiiii i 



i 



aoi^oru^sui 
JO isoo iB^ox 



luoisiAiadng 

puB UOIlOTUaSUJ 

JO 8^soj jaq;o 



JO SIBUa^BJ^ 



sjiooqixax 



JO sauB^Bs 



} }iii!!i!}ii!!fflpi!}ii } } 

' iiiiiiliii J i 



iiiiiiiiiii i I 



j iiiiiiiiii'i j 



iiiiiiiii 



IWTWWWt 




Bjosuvjadng 
JO sasnadxg 
3ni]aABJX 



sjosiAjadng 
JO sauBiBg 



pliilpliTl 

pliiiiliiij 



|J iiiilil 



m 

lit 



' i if 
i ! il 



1 ' 
il! 

1 lii 

j4JljiJ 



244 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



tJ9pua3ui:;uo3 
'suoi;nqij:^uo3 



sapuaBy 
puB sa^iApov 



saeuadxa 



sauBiBg 



JO UOpBlJOdSUBJJ^ 



luoiaBonpa 
JO spjBog^ 
A^uno^ Xq t^uadg 
spun^ ^^v^B. 



05 CD t- --^ t-; Oi O 1-^ O 00 (30 00 ■ 

tDo'od-^eor-'cci-HtDt-^dN-^i 
eo 00 •>* 00 o <Ji^^ o !£>_io_o_Tj< • 
i-T 00* o" T-T oj" lo N eo" -<t t-T us" i-T ■ 



• aiic-^ooio-^t--^t- 

|OO00C>t-;«irtCCC<| 

iscccoocoeoi^cDcit-^ 

I «D (M O t- 05^ t- (N •^^■^ 



lO O 



OOMOOO 

oooooo 
uidooT-Hod 
;d o 1-H eo o 



^ o o 

rHOO 

d d ui 

<;£> (MOl 



O 00 o 
ocoo 
dooift 

lO r-t 00 



o o 
o o 
dio 



;ct£>oocn«coo;D«5t-(N(MO>i-<rHa:r)<eoooiD'-i-^t- 
^oot-eocoo—iwSTHoqo^Tjfosoeot-ooiinicoeooi 

;D0500i;Dt~000>-^05iOC5a5(N'-IOOO>0«0(NU5!M-<4<eO 



Ot>OT-nHTj<M(M(NeO 



oSob4000dr^iHt>r^OO(NU5t-eO^;OOOC005tDt>-^ 

'"I "'^ ""1, "'^ "'I ''I "I 

d" 00 d oT d N oo' oo' d" oT eo" CO* d 00 ec N oo' r-T 00 d « 
eoiNO-<i"<i'om«>;ciMOOTi<uoeoi.Oi-HTi<u5Ti<Ttt-t-io 



(M «D T}< 
?D VO «D 
00 <N t> 



'coos o 
eo eo CO 



'ooo 



: Ti< 00 00 
■ cc 00 CO o 
w in i-H 



;o «5 eocn 
' o> eo t- o 
in (N eo 



t~OOOOT)<C<10S«00505iCC>)t-<3500'-HOO(M»-lO«DN 

ji.xioco6'-Hc4dint>i-Hdddo6t>'-^aiddoj'*i-oeo 
5iniocoiOiftcDt-ioeoict-Trt~i£'co-^eo<Mco<-iini-i 
>^(>]^x_c<i^'-H^«o^«c c<j_c^^T-^^oo__^^t> w eo_^oo__in_(N o ic «o os^o 
5"dos"N oTt^ d" t> ooo>"-«*'"dcg oT cocO'-<" oo'd'eo «d"oo*" 
oorj<Ti<ojin<e;oi-Hoo'4'ioeo<MOJ'>i<«OTf-s't-tcio 



O (N 

lo in 

O (M 



Of-i ; o o 00 

«5 : o 00 

in d ; eo X 

OJ (N ■ (N t> in 



00 X 



CO OS 

o>in 
eo 



CD O C- 
t> t-; 
d N t> 
CD 0Ot1< 



sauBjqT-^ 
looqos 



aouBua:iuiBi^ 
JO ;so^']B:^oJL 



eocDiCi-HasoocDOCTJOO-iccooTtot-moieoaicoc^io 
c<iininco-^ot-Tj<ineoa:o(Naiina>o(Moa5ri'eo 
co^cD__oo (M in o_eo__'-H_c<i o t- t>i-icDeot-(Ninooeocoint> 



oo5-<a<cO'-Hint--oooO"iMOxo(Mooa3cooincoa> 
cg^iM(Moo-^o>050t-cDC>t--^t^t>a5t~T«?cooin 
insDt>ooeocDin-^!M-^co-^(XOincDooooioco-^oo^ 
oS^co in c> o a;"-^ ■^a^^in-r^^-rfiSxia-rto^OiOi 
«DeO"<t y-1 CJrt^ c<i i-it>o ^ eo^ 



sasuadxg[ J9mO I 
puB ^uauidmbg 
puB sSuipirag; 

JO sjiud 
-an 'spunojf) 
JO daajfdn 



(N ooooot-coin-^^coeoc-eoajooCTiCDmcviaso-rfeoin 

■ Tji CD N in CD CTS O CO C<1 Ol 01 CD CD in 00 O 0-1 CD i-H t-: 

CD -^c^i-^eor-^cD'^^oo'oo^cgdccdocoodcD'dinoddoi 

(M oooe^c^occDOio; occcDooccT!<oct-a3t-Tf?o— loin 

T)<_ 00 00 m CO 00 00 >-< 

as ot>i— nnT}<int>a>(MC0O50jrj<"T-i d^in oo''in cca^a^ 



O T-l 

to ««• 




O "5 0' 

SdS^ 

3 



*^3c- g 



., 

o ^ g o 

in 



S o 2 
2 £2 00 'iS 



>» a) 



0. a a> g 
c c 



of cc 
:3 Q) 



X o 
HO 



01 o 

.Si 



^ o 

C5 



3^ 



feu 



0) 

a cj 

O O 



WW 



S 2 0: 0) d" 5 

(D Q) C rt'"' c 

> > 2 "r: § 

o o c_. m +j 

2 2 5 0) 

•'O'C o oi2 
ti >^ >» «r X 13 

ti -o c > "1 
^•1 a. 



cj-ca 

13 



S.2 



o, c. a o> ^ 
"ooooo u § 

-a in (N CD C tp .^ 
HdrjJeo-^.^-S 

2 * Sii3 -0-013^13 g 
"4t3O.c^owc"cj0, 

-i— p3 ^ CJ 



Maintenance; Auxiliary Agencies; Fixed Charges; Debt Service; 

Capital Outlay 



245 



sasng 



suoi:>ippv 



sSuipnna pio 



8:^1 puB puBT; 



ss9up8:}qapui 
papuog 
uo :;s3J8:iuj 



CO o °o <N o;d o o CO t- loeoocooco co 

Nt>ox-^W(Nioi;coiNOiOc<ico ;ocvjioeoo«D as 

lOf^^mo-^tDosicifioocc-'^m ■ a> o <c c-i ^ 

«c a; t> c<i "-^o •^^^o irt ?£5_c)0 c<! t- lo eo c- o lo n 

in!^"<m" aT-^'sc no" co'tcoicvTo" eo" tco co" 



o 
oo" n" 



: O lO 00 O X X N 

•o t> 05 03 eo !^ 
OS 00 d d 1^3 
;c in (N eo C5 ^ 

l> Tt O 05 «> 

o"r^"-r o" ^' 



■ eo lO a: t> 

I LO (N <N O 05 

«c c- 00_N oo__ 
rt" ^"oc"(n" 



eo eg eo C5 

to ?C in Tj" 00 
eo tH r-l c- 



: eo eo 
' t- to 
t- 00 



00 eg 
o 00 



— I t-cgoo 
o c~ o eg 

eO__(M T3< (M 

o" 



:eoin 
: t> 00 
• ^ o 
lo 00 



CDOi 

o_^eo 



in o 
o 



o__o_^ 
eg" eo" 



10 05 eg 
o X eg 
eo eo 



X X X o o 
CO ;r> — eo 
t- 03 eo lo 
eg"o"t--"'-<"u5" 
o X t- eo '-^ 
eg cseg 



o in ■<* eg o t- eg 
X rj" 05 c- i-H eg lo 
o — ■<* to 



t-ooomoinifiin 
oi-0 5oeoTfxc^i-<*>eo 
lO t> eo_ eo^ o eg_^ lo i> 05__ 

Tt" irt" ic" to" x" t-^ oT o" lO 

-^t>i-iX rHrHt-CQ 
— I 1-1 



X t> i-o m in 
eoeoeoeoeo 
t> eo__o__05^a3__ 
^"t>o>"cg eo" 
oeg o* •* 



o in lo eg 
in eg c- 
in o X 



o o 
o o 

t- 

eo^'* 
dm" ^jToi" 
— leo * * 



eg o o 
00 o o 
t> d d 

05 to 

in to__eo__ 
T!<"eo"eo" 



o o o o o 
o o q q o 
in o in in in 
X eg CO 
in eg_^o__c-^05__ 
-H"in"Tj<"o"to" 
* * eoc^i* 



ssaupaiiqapux 
papuog 
uo ;uauij?Btj 



SUB01 uiiax 
ijoqs uo ^^sajaqui 



o o eo o o 
o o CO q q 


oooo 


; o o 
; o o 


;ooo looooo 
jinqq iqqqqq 



q 


O O CO o o 
o o__co__in o 


eo o o o 
O5__o__oco^ 


:dd 

■in rH 

o__eg_^ 


iddd iSSdx^d 
'inoo 'ooooo 
O5^o_o inoinq^o 


eg 
t- 
eo 


^egx"'H"cg" 
to in to »H ^ 


n<"in"o5"d" 
eg * CO t- 

* * * 


cg"x" 
eg -H 

* * 


05" eg" eg", to" eg" in" ©"oT 
to »H * tH X in ^ 

eg * * * * 

* 


1,599, 


; : ;o ; 
: ; :q ; 


: : eo ; 
: ;co ; 


eg ; ; 


; ; ; ;o5 : : ; ; ; 

; ! : iTf ; I I ; ; 




i : iin i 
■ • 't, • 
in 


; ioi i 
• 'to ■ 


d i ; 


; ; i id ; i ; ; : 

• ■ • 'eo 

■5i< 





sJBax 
snoiAajj uiojj | 
suBoq; uijax iJoqg | 



sa:(.B;s 
sai^unoQ Sumiot 
-PY o% uot'iThx 



' S 05 
X X 



o o 
q eo 

, in 00 
' eg 



o in q q -3- X q o o in 
dt>t>-^in-^ind-^cg 



q in q ! q 
uo t> ; in 



cgx'^m^oeoxto^ 'ct-cg 
CO in oc^eg to eg oi t- x eg m 
eo"a5* 



■^•g OS C O C3 



O O C K 



<J < ca U O U O O D O ffi S hSh S O" w Oi E- ^ ^ ^ 



^ c c ''^ 



2^ 
■5^ 



•H .-52 

Cr= O 3 
5 3 m g-^ 

: c g-^ .2 
; S £ S =^-1 



C u < 



0)0)0) 

3 3 3 



• ^^in 00 ^ 

) o"o6.H'"^»w> 
» ^ ■rj< j:: ^ to 

03 02 ^ to M 

aj ojpu, 0) (u 
3 3 S S 3 



o e 



00 
>>od 
Si o 



S oix 3 
1-1 fcin « 

1^1 ii 

cu.S c 

2 CO 

Nog§ 
eg Cinio^"^ 

3 «g^§ 



,1 P3 §2 5^ 

ivS »5 ^ ^ 



246 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



*2 



o 



CO ► 

s s 

51 

o 





o ;o)if505 ■ -H o X o> o lo o (N o w -"a" ;o 
to m.^-^ iXOiouomcqeocgmio.^ ;c 

^ toted 'LOojtct>eotctDodojint^ co 
to t~ ~ oi 05 m CO o Ti< uo (M ^ so ic to 
-^^oto u'i i-o o; o t- eo__(M 05 to_^x co 
x" t-^-T inn i-Tco eo' Nt-* 

O N 1.0 Ol 


4,460.79 
4,580.51 
22.60 

10,636.72 
$418,798.32 


"1 csTT — ocJOL-^codddcori — corrx'rod-^ — — c^io eo t-^ 

, iOC0X-H~X'?>(M — — t-C-X'-Cl^X^-S't-Xr-X 02 CO 

sasuadxg | <^."^ '^.."^..'^ '^..R."i"*..'^'^'^^'v^."^..'1.x.^.'^.."^ <^ 
!)UBjjn'^ TBiO T I c<r c<r-<* CO t> t> in CO «c CO in'(N -^r^oTio'u? d'lc eo* 
I + lLi 1 t-05 1> t- -H ^ ^ rjt to o ;o o vo oi t-o> o eo o o — c (N -"S" a; 

(N 00-^^ — I CO N ^ "-H N CO »-< o X "H -H .-1 .-( t- N O 

1 00 ^" ^' 




$1,087,788.89 

87.918.67 
72,339.95 

134,274.05 
22,662.82 
25,710.48 

x64,384.64 
30,131.90 
32,895.02 
30,223.98 
75,225.35 
57,985.05 
37,244.36 
32,054.14 
15,821.75 
85,428.87 

177,152.73 
23,194.26 
24,838.29 
18,887.61 
21,128.52 
55,678.05 
35,295.59 
27,312.81 

c49,511.47 
$1,137,300.36 


JO aouBU9:juiBj^ 


^ U5 uo 05 X o la to t- Tf in ;o c- to eg t- CO eo CO CO X x os 
eg eoo2-^toeoo;int>incgin--^iNOo;oocoo5coo2eoocx o eg 
00 dincgt-^to'dt>ego5-^rfcgddcoo2intot>t-^eocooa to* 
-H intot>c- — -*incgTj<0iX05Ti«T3--H03cgo^T}'cgt-02 ^ eo 
x_ o>^o_a5_x_-^__-^__to__x_in o_t> i-H to__ 

t- »-< t^oi eg i^oTin Ti<^Tf to t^eo^e^f'^oT'Tf e^Tto c^'-<^ o x 
o Tf »-i eg r-t Tt in eg mm 
eo 


JO uoi^BjadQ 


1 1-1 eoxoiegmxoeoo5Tj<oimeocoxoim^L^ocgt-»H i-i eg 
eg t-xtotoxin^o;t>c-^mmeomxt-t-Tj<eoO'^m m t- 
O5dmtc*dtct>mtodin^tc'ineoto-^cg-^eo!omo6 ■'i' oo 
to cotot-o-^mxt-meomoitcoi — o^Tfincgxoeo o 

to__ '^.'^.•^^^..'^.^.'^.^.^'I'^.'^.^.'t'^'^'l^..^'^.'^.'^. * ^ 

X •^cO'-HXt~cgto^t-cgcoincoxxeot>e-jt~oocgo eg t-i 
t> (j)-^^ eg ^ ^ CO ^ eg '-<05 eg i-imegi-* eo ^ 

- - ^ 


uoijonjisui 
puB uotsiAjadng 
jo';so3 ib;ox 


to eg eg CO to m e<5 ^ ec eo m to oi i-H Tj" eg -"S. X X ^ CO 05 to eg 
o a> to 05 m t~ 05 to r.^ ^ eo 1-1 m -"t X CO eo CO to eo Oi Oi 05 o 
eo d-H'o6^mtotot-^dtodTr-^tot>05ojo6-<t-^'<^t>o6 d -"s! 

m to m t- 05 to eg X to n< Tj" -H m eo X eg t- X t- 02 to eo eg as 
X ^.^.^.'H'-^.^.R.'-L'^.'^^.^'l" '^.'^."^^ "'l 
kJ" o X t>-Hx'-<" to' -^'—rn'oi* to to OS »-< to'to'maT moT x to 
t- m in OS -"S" t> eg to X 1-1 OS X eg o to eg to t- t> t> c~ t- CO t> o x 
o toeox eg 1-1 — icgi-tegi-i xto mi-i eo co 

eo OS 


puB uoisiAjadng 
JO sjso^ jaq:^o 


X oineojgoto-'S'egxtoeoomostooKS'cocgoTj'oos x to 
o to t-- c OS o -H ^a o OS Ti< ^ CO t> CO c- cj to o o o CD t-; oo 
d m--Hcgt>dtDeg->*cgcgdtoosrj<eoa5i>o6o>i-Ii-It>t> m m 
1-1 eo ^ CO ^ o to O! to o X to -H OS X o X o o m o X to t- 
to xost- i-(^ege<i-^egt>ocjCMomcot>-^cgt>Ti<co i-i t> 
'tf t-'to'd' i^* x* 

m H — i— *H H— (3 eg 

es c< c« ««• 


uoiiDnj:}sui 
JO s]Bua:;Bj^ 


to t- eg m eg eo X m X eg m to OS m eo to m eg o to m c- 
o oosegeOi-Hooc-^otoootoi-;ooc-;t>Tteooeo^o-«a;cg 

OS d Ti< eg to OS -"t isos OS ^^os 00 d eg t> m eg m »M eo i-^ 
t- t- i> t~ o m m o OS X rH t- m eg eg m to X eg Tj< ^ eg ^ m eo 
m coeo_eo__cgcgm_^'«^ mc-x_t-^os«eoooeomTj<^Tf t-©as__to t> ec 
eo oi-^io i-Hej'.-H eic^ i-Tm* ^ eo t-^ 
to ,-( eo OS 
««■ ««• 


s3iooq;xaj, 


o eg o ^ t- Tj< o c- Tf t- ^ m eg to OS eg 1-1 eo to t- t- 
''f i-< OS eo eg t^c^ -"t CO ^ OS o eg i-j eg t> ti; eo o eo m i-< to oq eg 
m t>mTj!to'totocgt^t>tomdmaso6tOTilTi<b^t>Ttcgoi as m 
OS ^ X CO Tj<o5 m t- eg t- 1- ■■s' X eoos to OS o o o eg to « 
x_^ x^^'^^eo^^to m m 00 to os__eo eoos_-«t o ^-__as__t- c-'^^to^i-j^os^^eg to_^ 't 
t-" i-Tos*^ TjrT)reo^''Tf eo'eg cg'i-I'os'Ti''' t-T cg'^-Tos-cg"^'' eg" d" 
o 1-1 .H 1-1 eo "J" 

5- ^ 


JO sauB^Bg 


X OS m eg to eg to to eo -"S" eg eg OS o t> OS o t- X m Tf os 

eo i-HcgtDtoeoooeoqi-^tooom'-<eg^'<tmxt>ototOTj« ,-< m 

OS egoot^t^eg^^ioosmegoctDdT^tDtotcm'cg-Heoinos' to* m 
t- Kt eo OS eg OS Tj< OS to X CO — eo to CO c> OS o c 13' t> m eo 
x__to__to_to__o eg_eo x^o_-<_eo__to^t- o^to__in cg__it m__eo_^tc__eo eo as 
t-T x'"x'"t>t-'"eo ^^^x^m't-'ej ^-''t> ^3'o5""ooto""x'"o2'"d'to'"x'"Tjr 
os o eg m eo t- o m t- o t- 1- ^ OS to to eg to to to Tj" eg t- as as 
to toeox e<ii-i i-ic<ii-(cg oto m.-i o t- 

lo n CO 
««■ ««■ 


sjosiAjadng 
JO sasuadxa 


Tj" o t- o o to o o OS OS rH eg eo as to m o o 
o OS m o o o CO o o OS eg m in m i-< o X eg o o 
OS tocgcsddt-^ddosos'a<ego6o2deodt>dd 
eg cgtDegtooosinccox->#cgtocotomeomTj<m 
t-^ i3<__Tr o eo i3< X CO eg eo CO to -H CO eo m eo 

i-Ti-Ti-T eg-eg 


251.62 
166.23 

1,668.71 
$16,297.75 


sjosiAJadng 
JO sauB]BS 


o o o m eg o o o o o o o o o o o o o o c c: o o eo o o 
'1 oeotcosoootccooooooeoooooooeo o ^ 
eg o eg — 1 to o o c: t- o o o o o o — eo o CO o o c c eo to x 
to t-tOT)«^OT}<Tj<cg'j'mi3<o~rj<r-iOTtx — ocg-*t> o to 
to^ o x__eg__to__o o x^to^os__to^-ri<_x__o CO i> --^os__os^to__t> os_m__to^ eg__ x__ 
os" i-T t-" i-T eg" CO to m* eg eg* m" m" m" eo ci x' eg*" eg" eg" eg' eg* ej x* t-" 

eg 


3ui3uo|aa 
jaqiun Ni aSBjaAy 


110,275 

10,768 
7,114 

19,674 
749 
521 
4,228 
3,173 
1,734 
2,038 
5,855 
3,231 
4,239 
2,087 
1,015 

11,301 

12,835 
1,176 
1,073 
1,391 
1,333 
9,653 
2,608 
1,479 

47,464 
157,739 


uo saeqoBax 
JO jaquinfvi 


eg toxootoomeooc-Ttt>eoo5cgootooco^cgo to x 
OS mdosegcgo6t>mTj!eoegostOTjooo5t>o6ddeoto"m od t> 
m eg OS evi eg i-c X to m o eg m CO to eg eo eo -Tf X t- eg x 
oeo^it 1-1 i-ii-ii-i COCO eg ti<_tj< 
eo i-T ■>*" 



0) 



e8 C 



0) 



K ^ " _ T "f"- ^ ^ ^ ^ 



< < CQ O O O O U Q C K K fccJ S Cu O! w h ^ ^ ^ 



g o 0) ? q5 ■ 

^93 C CU J 4J 



in 

C "e <n 



pa 



o 

"StJi 

TJ eo 
3 



c m o 
- Sm 

OS 

■£ -to 



J2 S c c 

C3 P 3 « 
O 0; 

— ^to c 
g*=iocg b 

g eg to 2 
•« eo to €«-o — * 

=3 X 0) " 



<< a; 

c a> 

as oj 
m ej 

ci.S 

OS u 

^m" 

?-eo 



01 

x: 
o 



^ mt}< 

.^g^"^^oc§ . 
°cg°9^t-'''=^.2'-".2 
cc r.^""* CO X +J eS ^ 



2 c-a 

O o » 

S5 ^ c o « 
"5 2 c " o 

It Pi" 

« Ei: £^ c " 

s-ss^lf i 

a> Cm c CO g 



.5 ^2.^ 0; 



b C JS to C ,3 o 

MtJ 3^3 o 3 
y 3 O 3 0) o 



Disbursements in White Elementary and High Schools 



247 



sasuadxg 



ui a-; «c X -9^ d u'i u-: d oc 00 

Cv) t-l (M C<J O O 



com' 



C ?q L.-; eg I 



_ _ ;c O "it". 



X <M t- 

lO I-; la 00 to 

ic «: t> « 
t- ci t- o 

•^f « X <M 



X 



— otc — x^3c~X';o■^«o■ cr-. o — c^jccrc--^^"-; 

0_^J — O X lt; — -r c. lt; w t> t-- c:__X_t> t-_^ 

u-' — ' x" t-' t-* — — — rT r:" r^" t-' t> d" x' — 
(7:C:t~ccxcgctX~-<rcgc-C:->C-r't-^i--c-t>C:ccX 
coiMia cvj-H -q. eg — 



o eg eg 
eg t-_^ w eg 



:>ua^ Sutpnpuj 

JO 8DUBU9;aiBpg 



" eg o o TT o — -.^ 
^ccl^x;cc — egoir: 



C'^CViC-'^Ci'^C-X'^ 

-eccg5£t-c;c~ 



o Lr;t>ct-r:c;Tri-':xe^jx-<rxc:L--r?xcr:c-r-. x 

M cf^egjcx?-. — — t-c oe^t-L-ciic — jcx:ct-'rx x 

°c — la 00 ^__t> — t> cg_— u-^ eg_c 'T c-^-^^^x eg_^-^^ ^■ 

^ d'x'cg'x"— cc'd'd"— c"— -<r x"^-"l--e rTu't o c;*x"c-*t-* is 

* CO tffl — « — — — CO C-5 — — — — 



cgc5— , 
IS M e^ ' 



W.2 



JO uoiiBjsdo 



uoiiotuisuj 
puB uoisiAjadng 
JO ;so3 iBjox 



— josxr: Trc:l--:i^^Jegx•,iC^Xl--l--r^rer:t-reeex 

X X X X c; c; r-. r: t> r: u- -.c rt w o r: c ~. 

« IS ls C-- TT t- ce -^^ lo x_^ t> x_^ ls^ t> -"r — c-.^ 

Ls o"eg eg"— t> eg d'd^C'fo"— la cc o"— — t- tc 
t- „ — I eg 



c JO X oc 

iS t- «o 
d CO d oc 

eg -s eg o 

x_x__o^!r. N 
lacTfoc^i 

o^^- x 



« X o eg c; ev. 1 



' — OXXXC^-^iSiS 



' — t>ej->croegrte>3oegc;ojoeo— — xo-T-^ 

'c; — — c:t>xc:^J^. eg-wC — c^eg^-e^e^jo 

o T- Ls u'; o t> o ^ CO c: X c; — — X sr. cr. -s 



X CO t- 



C CO — 1 

t- eg c • 
-<? (N eg 



o o — X -.r; ^! CO X ^ — --c lo X I 
c-co — x-vC-,:;^-. ■^O'reg — w — x; 

ir: ro_^t> — ^o^m ^ t> '-'v".' 
i" co' x* d" — d" d" d" d" d" X* — * d" ; 
iegt-eg;£t-c:i-oc>xxrr->iTr;£:r- 
iNrr — — coco 



o — o t> 

O M CO X 



c- CO o 01 

X eg 
eg N IS 
eg'd'ro'co" 
c; CO c- X 
eo eg 



uoiionnsux 
JO sisoo JaqiO 



— — XX — egr;egxegLOr-t-xoxrrTrxcoc-. CO — ■ 
ic eotoyrx-^c-xc-oxc:- xco — xuotxcoct. t> 

— ^ ^.'^.'^.^ ^ X cg_x 1 
d" eg"— fj" — eg'—— cg'eo" c^" 



S J910 



Ti< CO X 
in oc la 

00 N eg ■<a< 

X uj t> — 

o_ cg__x_Tr 

eo Tj<''cg'"x' 



o X c; to o !C c 
■ T« — c —ox 
U5 Tr CO CO <r. eg 



C; to C. CO 

O t- X C75 

IS X UO O IS 



uol:^D^LIasIIJ 
JO siBua;Bi^ 



X -^tooeo - Cixc — CO — >sco 
eg eoocuoegegxoco — cioiotorr 

d eg d d d d h-^ d d — -r- d d — 



CMiTiuiL-iirr-^c-uri^-^^^w. w^wi— 1-^ — ^ 

tocoLOxcot- — egcoxis — xe^x;r;-<rt> 
tc_^Ci^to_^ia — — o_t> ^^v'^.'^.^v''-.'^ H"^.^ '~ 
d'd"t> -co" CO* — e<r— eg*— c-'c" 



— eoot-eg — — — is c- — c- eo 

ciiscot- — c-iseo xcgffito — 

d d — d t> t> d d t> t-^ o 

tctcto cist-t- ci 



b — CO o '"i' — ■ 

d'd'to'x" 



sJiooqixax 



o CO t- to eg CO o CO t- to t- CO IS IS oi o -<3< CO X IS to cgc--^ — 

■<feoiOT!<iauoego^_ — oc-^-^ — IS — Trc--cgegoc oco — to 

x'cg'dddocojdd— ddt>cg — — dt>'<rcoeodd dt>^^ — 

Tfot- — to-^cococ:-<r-<s"-^-^tot- — C0XXC5 — xco tc — c^.is 
>s_-<!<_^;o^t> IS "^.0^.1^.^ " x.^^v^ ^-^..'^ ^- R.^^ to_^is__t- 

d"d"t> cg'cc — d"— eo— d"d" — ec— d'x'd'— 

"I" — eg 



JO S8UB\BS I 



eoxostoioxoeocixeoooxsioeoecogtoic) 
ococtoX'^oatNOegc^-^isciccootcocCTJC: — ■ 
d — d — oc d — d d X X X t> d — d X x' 
: 04 — CO X cr: — t> t> I 



o eg IS X oa i 



_ : X X t> 

. . -.Ni — ■, . v«. — ^ t> eg eg IS X X 

z-.^ u; LO__ t- t> Lo x_^ e^^ t> c^.^ eg_^ x_^ t> c:^ — oc^ x ls 
r d' d" eg" — co" d" t> — c" X* eo* d" o' d" 1 



csisuoocg — cocit> — cxeoisocsist-xcg-^-^i 
T}<xo — loeot-eoioiot- — loeowoseocgeo-^ot-' 
eg — ^ ,-1 ,-1 eg eg eg 



c to c- 1- 

t> d'x'co 
— -^f CO CO 

O CO 



o c; o — ^. o 



s^Bdpuuj 
JO sauBiBS 



55^t>S55egisooio5o^^SS — cooSoS 

COOiSXCOiSOlC-.Clt-tOC". C;t>C: — COt>C-. IS — — o 



-OX 
oc — eg 
t- c; o X 

eo"d"— d" 
uo t- IS eg 



uoisiAjadng 
JO sasnadxjj 

pUB SaUB|BS 



IS CO CO ! 
X O Ci 

CO t> o 



a: oc 
d — 



eg IS X X 
IS tr c- o 
— w^x_^eg_ 
to* — d" 



suisuopa 



tois — cctt — t-yroeg^. o- 

— iSCiOiSOLOT-c-COrrc^ 

co_^is ci^^oj to to_^— L.O X eg_^J-. ^ 
co'eg'd" — — eg' - 



-. CO OJ TT X O CO I 

eg'co' 



T X LS — 

to'-«3"'c'^ 
CJ — — I 



uo sjaqoBax I 
JO jaqranx | 



;c-^OiO — Oio- otoegcoco — iSTrot-;tocgo2t^;cg 
t-leceoeodeo — t>-HcgdN'<^'r-'o6d'<^ocdt>ddeo 
coox — coxiscg-^ci-^c^cocgcoc^cg- cgcgai'j'co 



IS X t> o 
c-^ t>^ oc — 



. 0/ 



1^! 



< < a 6 6 u o o Q £ 6 ffi ffi S £ d" ^ ^ ^ ^ 



o 



t o 
Ed" 
E^ 



EC - 



— t 



CO C 

oc ":: 



3 ?: c. to 



V. eg ^ 



ii 



S§ El 



> 1= 



iirii 



00 £d'oc Z 



O M 
ST. iS 



— eg" 



?_3-^ sax 

Eli; "A 



T' ? 



.E c I c-^ oc eg 



C >> _ C -2 ^ 

c C o ^- c 
.2 3 r^. -x 3 



a: 0, 

fc. 



5 c 5 c C i — cic: 
■^■S "Tx c = H 

a-^^-^.2|£:i"dd 

- SrttJHctoe^ 

j:; X ci c — " 
.2 -5 a: 5 =5 



rmm M 

^■g ^.^ = i ; 

o c-s : ■ 



« 1^ 



c c 



248 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education ' 





$48,375.59 






; 00 ; t~ 
; °° 
i d ; eg 
eo 'th 


243.15 

30.00 
70.00 


100.00 


156.00 
32 82 
1,894'.84 


2,083.66 
13.00 


13.00 

13.55 
78.30 


91.85 


sasuadxg 


$2,545,106.46 

206,097.18 
14,299.18 
374 337.14 


t601, 119.07 

5,022.68 
13,569.34 


18,592.02 

40,128.77 
51,236.99 
192 734 00 


1287,871.32 

6,214.23 
40,105.35 


146,490.04 

11,340.21 
51,104.23 


62,444.44 

17,161.79 
8,430.90 
83,253.21 


tll0,859.54 

1,851.01 
10,733.68 


12,584.69 

6,038.71 
32,995.69 


ctT 
^ 


saiouaSy 


$221,670.10 

17,501.76 
892.40 
25,913.03 


44,307.19 

127.45 
219.71 


347.16 

5,369.57 
1,731.14 
21,112.73 


28,213.44 

609.40 
12,414.09 


13,023.49 

2,091.05 
6,043.61 


8,134.66 

2,313.01 
1,863.56 
12,647.17 


16,823.74 

123.40 
2,442.88 


2,566.28 

368.81 
93.25 


462.06 


lOO^DS 

JO aouBu 


$97,320.35 

8,805.82 
177 31 
14,906.42 


23,889.55 

1,172.69 
2,870.39 


4,043.08 

804.89 
1,103 78 
3402'.76 


5,011.43 

67.60 
414.26 


481.86 

138.17 
1,174.06 


1,312.23 

646.38 
251 64 
3,468!67 


4,366.69 

33.59 
204.94 


238.53 

653.34 
2,907.60 


3,560.94 


looqog JO 
uoi:;Baacio 


$218,993.15 
22,684.79 

1 AOr 71 
I, too. 1 1 

40,408.92 


64,529.42 

532.49 
1,105.12 


1,637.61 

2,930.86 
3 220.03 
12',903'.50 


19,054.39 

624.08 
2,527.60 


3,151.68 

796.14 
3,651.99 


4,448.13 

1>45.14 
5,888.59 


7,479.33 

87.40 
649.79 


737.19 

558.07 
3,768.93 


4,327.00 


uoi; 
-onj:}SUj 

^ UOISIA 

-J9dns jo 


$2,007,122.86 

157,104.81 
11,793.76 
293,108.77 


t468,392.91 

3,190.05 
9,374.12 


12,564.17 

31,023.45 
45,182.04 
155,615.01 


t235,592.06 

4,913.15 
24,749.40 


t29,833.01 

8,314.85 
40,234.57 


48,549.42 

13,157.26 
5,770.10 
61,248.78 


t82,189.78 

1,606.62 
7,436.07 


9,042.69 

4,458.49 
26,225.91 


t31, 126.78 


uoi:jonj;sui 

JO S^SOQ 


$40,579.86 

3,682.26 
144 87 
6,239!38 


10,066.51 


31.43| 


31.43 

335.39 
921 18 
3,57i;07 


4,827.64 

5.93 
63.24 


69.17 
137.73 


137.73 

• 86.13 
in CO 

252.82 


349.53 

1.08 
49.95 


• 51.03 

17.26 
205.44 


222. 70| 


uoi40tu:;suj 

JO 


$45,983.96 

3,179.88 
1 <)7 47 
10,464.87 


13,842.22 

46.20 
334.21 


380.41 

247.19 
1 224.93 
21567.12 


4,039.24 

328.23 
909.43 


1,237.66 

109.69 
771.02 


880.71 
109.86 

o.DU 

1,482.63 


1,601.09 

14.04 
120.12 


134.16 

32.16 
638.51 


670.67 


sJlooq^xaj, 


$33,763.91 

3,290.64 
180 03 
6,368.37 


9,839.04 

103.15 
11.93 


115.08 

415.74 
838 23 
2,011.01 


3,264.98 

53.90 
296.19 


350.09 

65.15 
358.37 


423.52 

275.23 
90.85 
778'.05 


1,114.13 

16.08 
36.75 


52.83 

70.42 
492.06 


562.48 


JO sauB|BS 


$1,858,364.23 

146,952.03 
11,271.39 
270,036.15 


428,259.57 

3,040.70 
8,996.55 


12,037.25 

30.025.13 
42,197.70 
147,465.81 


219,688.64 

4,525.09 
23,480.54 


28,005.63 

8,140.01 
38,967.45 


47,107.46 

12,686.04 
5,660.07 
58,735.28 


77,081.39 

1,575.42 
7,229.25 


8,804.67 

4,338.65 
24,889.90 


29,228.55 



SJOStA 

-jadns jo 
sasuadxg; 



3ui3uoi9a 
lidnj aad %soq 



jaqoBaj, jad 



JO jaquinjs[ 



5£> rH 10 

05 10 eg 



o 

CO 00 d 



SuiSuojaa 
jaquin^si aSBJOAy 1 rn 
eg 



e^ t- 05 

CO OS rH 

rH eg 



CD so 00 
10 rH »H 
UO CD OS 



rH C<I O 

CO 2 CO 



siooqas 
JO jaquin^j 



a> 00 ^ 
xOoooo 



;Ooo 



Ooo 



■t^ dJ -'^ 

►J +J £ct> rH 

g^cOoooo 



[Ooo 



Disbursements in Junior and Junior-Senior High Schools 



249 



OS 00 CM 

eg CO 
cc d 
(M CO ■«j< 

IM 



lO 1 



(M CO rH 
CO (M t> 
^ CO 



0«5 O 

CO 00 — I 



cs CO 
^coco 
q_cq o 
00 

T-H-.00 

<M (M 



o o 



-< CO 

CO lO 



CO x> 



eo o 

TJ< —I 

N eo^ 



00 oc 



05 — I 



CO 35 



05 Ol 



CO CO 
CO t- 



q 00 
00 00 

05* CO* 



00 O 
(M TJ< 

00 o 



O m 



05 C 

o 00 Oi ^ 

CO CO CO CO 



CO «; t> 
00 o Lo o 

t> Oi OS o 



00 c; CO in 

00 Cv] O lO 

co^c co__^_^ 



CO t- 1— 
05 ;0 05 -H 

<0 «0 (M (M 



O t- 
00 



in < 



in CO 



in OS 
;d 00 
05 oi 
in oi 



C5 o 00 

O OS ^ 

!X> in in (N 



'-I 
00 -H 



(N O 
— O 

CO CO 



in o 
o m 
o eg 



OS t- 

co 00 



in m 
in eg 
eg t- 



00 eo 

<£> 00 



— 00 
05 OS 

CO d 
00 eg 
•<j< eg 



5C 00 

CO 



c:co I 
00 d 

.-H 00 

!r> eg_ 
co't> 



^d I 
eooo 
in «o 

a 

Tf CO 



CO o -I' 

o ocg 
in CO «o 



qi> 
in 00 
eg o 
eg 



00 05 
C 05 



Tt in 



00 ooi 

<X>Ot-( 

<0 rH rH 



eg 00 
eg in 



eo <£i 
eg'* 
eo «> 



«i 05 eg in 
00 t- o 
eo 00 5C rH 



t>4 O 
05 O-l 
OS Ci 

Tt CO 



t> o 
eoin 



in o> 



t- eg 
00 q 
00 1> 
in o 
eg m 



cgt-«£>05 
«o in 00 
in 00 in i-H 

eg" ^"'-i 



in 5D 



CD eg 
«o in 
deo 



OO 00 

eo«> 00 
eg^^oo^^Oi^ 

eg eg 



in <c 
in eg 
eo q^ 

eo 00 



o o ^ in 
eg CO q 1-H 

^ CO 2 



in eg 
oo__q_ 



cc eg 
in c- 

CO 05 

d'oi* 
eg 00 
in CO 



eo y-i ' 



;D X I 05 



in o 
Ti" in 
coo; 



eg o t- ^ 

05 CO O CO 

^ eg 



CO eg 

Tl^ 05 



eg CO 
eg" in 



eg 00 
eg eg 



cc in 

« C5 

—1 eg 



^ ^ CO eg 

C~ o 

o in o 05 



O o rJ 
H^COo^ 



2 2^ Eh 



T3_r 
SOoi 



5^ 



eg . 



6 



b c c 

o 3 <u 



9) m O 



2 50 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



as 

© c 



sasuadxg 



^uay^ Suipnpui 

JO 93UBXI3:^UIB]p\[ 



JO uoi^^Bjado 



i-H ^ t- ^ (M O CO Ol «5 O ^ ^ t- 05 ec-<t —I --I 00 t- O — I i-H 

Tj< CD «D o lo CO (N c- irt 00 ec to lo (N t~ eo «o OS 'S; t-; o 
kfl o eg oi CO 00 t> CO i-H ic ^ CO T-H c<i «o eo 

00 00 t~ CO t> 00 CO 00 «D C<I t> m CO IM O lO i-H ;0 CO 

t-COCOa5t>COCO(MCO ^(M 1-H (M 00 (M CO O '"i^^'^^'S^.'-i 00 

co" o o t-" e^f ctT (nT oi" cd" oo* eo (nT co" o t-^ c^T i> in -rt*" in 

>-H t- eg CO i-i (M cn in -"S* CO 00 CO 00 00 ■>* in T)< ^ CD in oo 



^ in o 00 00 in OS o t- Tf CO 00 05 ■«f t- Tjt oi 00 05 Tt< 00 00 

CD T)<NCDCDCO00CDCOt>;t^;COt>COO5T)<^O5Tl<00 0Ci-;i-H 

t-- t>CDodO'Hco05oc3M^N^in->*ocoo6TfojrHCD'co 

05 00 CO 00 in CO o CO t- CD (M 00 CD CO o> t~ 00 eo t> M t- CO 

o>__ rH 05 in CO in (M co co_^(N in cd__05__i-h c<i_cd__cd co^'^^^t-^^o t> co 
e^o"-<*"oo co'^^'o (^^t-^co"Tf oo'^(Nrt-'"t> cd'"o5 c- eo os at 

«5 XtH .-I ^ (N 



I O O CD C 

I in CO CD 

eoino^rH05'i-H(NooocDc<iinc<i^050inc-^coco^t> o 

t>.-iOO'^>-(in^(Ninr}<05(M'-<05i-iincOOOCDO 05 

inCOt-t-C^CDi-Ht- 00__00 CD i-H Tl< OC^'^^'-J,'^ rH 05 05 N 

eoeoi-H r-Ti-T .-Ti-T (n'w'i-T ^-T ci" t-" 



CO -^O CD<N050T}<COOO:'-iCO'^00'-li-iOM-~rHinoO 

co-^0500500'-ico-^'*eoooini-icDooiM'HinNcoco 
05inoocoin(N«oO'^05CDooinT-icOLnTi<oococgoot- 




puB uoisiAjadns 
jo':iso3 \v%oj^ 



puB uoi'siAjadns 
JO s^so^ Jaq^O 



uoi:^3nj:iSui 
jd siBua:tBj^ 



sjiooq^xaj. 



, . - ^ ^ ^. ^^T^ a^io a <ooSoS CO t^m CO •^i-^oo\ 
<ino5Ti<(Ni-i.-(ineoeO'^NWOT}<ojcoT)<cO'-HTjii 



I Tj< tH -I . 



T}< CO 05 tH O 05 00 O O CO 00 05 t- CO O CO (N 00 t> rH 

CD eO'*rj<cgocDc^oooeocO'-H05cg^_cgin-^CT5ineoTH (n os 

CD o6t>t^^ln^^t-^coo5lnTl^oo5'cD■^t>05 05^j1-^o6^-5t- 05 in 

00 c-ocooo5inTf oiMincDC-rHcgcooooeot-ojooeoM cd in 

O t-^OO (MCOrHWH .-I rH Tj<_T)<_.H CO CO i-l CD t-H CO 

O) i-H i-TrH 05 00 

^ (SI 



05(NooT)'05-<s<t-05in»H(NcgcorHoo'*cotoinineO'-i 
t-oot-inoo-^(McDOininoo5i-HcorHC<i'-icoinin 
<N'-<_cD_05 cgcoinint-t-cg'<j<int>coino5__cD'-Hcg_'-j^ 
co-r-T c<r ,-Heo" 



tH .-I 05 



sjaqoBaj^ 

JO S3UBIBS 


05 o 05 1- CO CO in CO CO Ti< o o CD CO t- CD -"t CD o CO CO in rji 
00 .t--c^jt-;OC50cDi-Hcooc<iinc<iTj<incD050eooo-^c- 05 oo 
CO o^olncdr^-^T^cDo6^^t>(N(^ioo'cD'lnod(^^l^jlnln o t~- 
w t-cDcoco-^oot-ot-incoc<j'-Heoeoi-io-^ooinoooo ^ 

to c^o -<a^05_^co__o o o_o_-5j<_05 05_^in t-co in in c<i o5 --I CO ® . 
CO o CO CO oo*o*co"Tf 05"co"x"oc*Tf o"co*o in oo5"(N o't^ •rti' ''O SI 

00 rH Tj< 05 00 (N 1-1 i-H oo (M eo <M CO 05 T}< eg oo CO CO r-( rj< 05 22 
05 1— 1 ,H Tj* 


sjosiAJadns 
JO easuadxg 
SuijaABJX 


$4,015.55 


OCOOTjiosOOOOOCD 

o t> o CO t> o o o Tij in Ti< 
oosooinooo'<^i-Ico 
OiHcoco ot>inrj<oin 
eo— 1 coeoco y-ir-i 


05 00 in o o o 
in 00 i-H o o o 
r}< in CO d d d 
CO eo CO in X o 
CO in CO CO 1-1 CO 


163.25 
91.47 

522.81 

$4,538.36 


sjosiAjadns 

JO SaUBIBg 


$27,492.84 


CO o o o o o o o o ^ o o o o o cq CO o ;oo CO o 
05 o CO o o o o o in o o o o 005 1> o !oo co — i 
05 CO o c:> d ci eo o in CD o in o o o t> in ;dc5 co in 
05 eo t-H lo o in in CO t> in th CD CO 05 CO 'oo t- co 
i>oo^t-_-^co^__oo_05^oo__t>ininoo__ooot>inoo oo ih o 

'^IZl'"' rHr-(rHrH CO-TrH rHT-TrH Co'-T 00* CD* 

^ ^ •*-■)— -f— (M m 

60- 


3ui3uo|3g 
jaqtun^j aSBjaAy 


o t> t> CO —1 (M 00 —1 CO o in in r)< 00 05 05 (M Tjt th CO CO CO oo 
DO ^wcooinco-ooooocot>inincoo-^cDo?cooo S o? 

CO-N-h' ^eo rn" ^ CD* 
<^ CO rj< 


siSB^ atuij^ 
JO jaquin]^ 


1-1 t- oco o C005 OO in o oco o o in 00 005 005 CO rH T}< o ^-i 
t- Lnino5CDoooooooot-05'«j'CD-^05oocDOt>i-icD^in t- Tt< 

rH OOT}<(NrH 00 CO ^ (M -1 ,-( t1< X r-l CO CO CO OOCO oo lO 

^ , CO 



0) 

C a ci d a ojJS O 



- « 

° C m 



o 



w ^ ^ y c ^-g-t: g c g c fi^-S 8 g2s 

=: C c3 rt C3 cS 5.C O 2 c« O 0) O-j: :3 • Slfl =?:r.P'«^ 



-few ..S y 

t-H««-.2t- 5P 

■tJ ±? n-i S 



liiji 



'—I -CD 
.T-iCO,-! 



CO 0) 
CO > 

05 O 



+^(MT3in a 
to > o o +3 — 



ajoi a> ="00 c 
. ,^ in (D 



Disbursements in Colored Elementary and High Schools 



251 



sasuadxa 



© 

o c 

CZJ W) 



0) GO 

o 

© w 
n4 © 

-r © 



0.2 



:>ua^ Suipripuj 

JO 8DUBUa:}UlBJ^ 



JO uoi:;Bjado 



uoi:;onj:^sui 
pu8 uoisiAjadng 
jo':^so3 iB^oj, 



uoponj-^snx 
JO siso3 jaq^o 



aoponj:>sux 
JO 6|Bua:j«i^ 



s3iooq:>xaj, 



sjaqoBaj^ 
JO sauB^BS 



3|BdlOUUJ 

JO eauB^Bg 



uoisiAjadng 
JO sasuadxg 
puB sauB^Bg 



;oo ; o o tf> : t- 1> o t- ifs 

i-^d :'<a'eo(N : o -"t CO (N t> «> 
eoL- (N^iN ■ tooO'-i<-imt£> 



00 CO 
00 ^ 



^ ^ m 



a5«ot-eo;c?ooo«50?cooooo«cc-^t~.-ioci-itr>ai 
^ooo.-iocoiCrHi-iir5coo;ca5cowoo;i-o---^ira 
»«a5«Doot~t>o5T}it->-iaio5-^«>a50coTj<co<j>(Moo 



o to 00 lo 
in ^ X 

g5 ^ ^ ^ 



i-i;ot-t-u5oocoioi-it-as<.--)'voo}cvji-ioorrooa>ec 
t>cowknc<ja5cgecoooiooqoJc^05t>tDC£>o^ 
a3T-Hu^^T^cJi«t^co-^inMtca5i--<cx5c^o6'-HU5tdc> 



T-(in^Ti<MU5t~co-^LOir3tco5i-iooc<ioO'-iu5toc- 
ai'^'-HOO-^tDioc-ooiNtoxeo.HTtaioooocooO'-f 
OS— itDO-^ioooo(Nkoooio(Ninoo(NOeo«>m 



(Ma3_— <^tD^ ...... ......... 

»-H c<r TjT c^" 03 as" o w N t-* oo" co" -"t •>* ec 



^ CO 

rH 73 <t 



aiOnoio-H-^iooooooeco-«t<j5'^ooo-^a5o;ooec 

(?30000t>0>Oi«>-^i-Ha;c0 05C<JNOOO!DO^^ 

d^'^05^-^eou^ddo^'o^o6^r4-^di-HtDin(N'-< 
t-mu5>-i(NCc<it-«oecoo;oO'-ieoc5T*io5'-HC<iio«D 

00 O Tjt -^t 00 N ^ Ol 00 CO (M «D t- --( lO tJ< CC 



oooseoTf 
t-^ CO d ec 

O tH 00 

«D"eO t-^iO* 



MrHoeooai«Diot-^co->i<-«)'t-i-i050oot-(r. lyjeo 

1-* eO_ to t> »n t> t> t> CO 03 T-H W W 00 OJ C^I Oi 1^; ^ 

iftcoooooooaidoo'odiniftoo'ddicdeoTfoo'dirtoj 
oocotoiOTfioostot-ooeooi^ost-^comoO'-i 
.-(■^mu505Ciooc<i'-iooeo05eoooo«2i-it-eoeoc~ 



o CO CO eo 
lO lO ^ 00 
00 in ^ ^ 



•<i<oa3CocgtDa5Ti<c<iioc-a>c<3?D'-iO'-i«ci-Ho<-ic^ 
t--^tOi-<T}<cooooocot£>woceoa>t^«oo~. oincctD 
eou3-<4<cjt>T)<T}<o«Dt-c^'-ieoc<ioo5toino(Mooc^ 



00 a; CO ;d 

(N CO -"t 
CT> d 

i» CO 00 in 
05_in tc t> 
in d'-^'d" 

05 01 
t> CO 



cooo-tcooinO'-Hininootoooooocgoo'i'inc-coeo 
■^■^c^inino5>noecc<i-^«5coco«o«)>-j«ooq«ot-«> 
T-H to CO 05 oi 00 05 00 in 00 00 'H CO d Tj< 05 d *t^in 
eo t- to in Tj< in >-H o m eg tj< t- eo eo t> os ti«t}< 
in eo weo — icg.-( t}< eo «dtJ" 



in to '<i< 
eg in c<i 
t- to tn in 



i-itoeot-i-icgcoTj'toocooai'HcO'-iosooototo 

CgtOTl<(Nr-J'-Ht>(NtOint-;'-HrJ<tDCgeO'>3|Cg'^^ 

•^tDO>Tj<indT^cot>cocot>Tjic6duooscgT^o6eoo6 
eomooio>cgo5Tjii-i,-Mcgo>05'«i'Ocgo5-*oo»-i-«i<oo 

COOOOi rH eg l-H n< -H l-HinOii-lrH ,-ieo 



o5 o> in 
Oj o> eg to 
eg to o in 



cot-oitomm-rfoosTj'ooo'^egincoeg'-Htoc-ooin 
05coi--<cot>t>cotocgo>ooTtTtTtrHooocou5oo« 
i-^t^trjoo^^totOTiSeot^i-HinegduirHtotot^tDTiIoo 
i-ii-(05Cot>eoinoO'-ieg»-i'-it-o;wi-nDeg'-iOi-ito 
c-eg-^ i-H to CO to eg CO in t> CO m^jf^cgto 



o> o CO m 

Tj< i— CO o 

eo i-i 00 



inoTi'cooinoosoin-^t-o-'^t-int-t-T-iooego 

inosiocgoegocJ>iJO^-c-;00ooo>orj<in-^T--<ooo 

toc6dTj5do>dt>eocoin.-<do6o5o6'-5x'eo-ri<ind 

inocointot>oeoi-Hegt-'-ioa5cg'*ooooeoO'-i 

"-L ^ "-l ''I ''1 1 

to* »-H Tf t> oT to' to" in oT oT to t> eo T)<" to"" oo* rj*" eo* co eg* oi* 

ri<,-l r-ieg l-lrHCg 



r-i CO eo 
egosoeg 
cg_^in eg_^Tj<^ 
05*co*t>*w* 

O "5 t- 

t- CO eg 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

•^ooot~ininooin(MO>oiint-05intOT)<cgo>inin 
oi^os^oo^^--^ in -"S^^cg^o^^t-^^co^^eo^^t- to in "^.'-'.('^^^^eo -^^^t- eg_^ 
" --H* eg eo'^to* eg eo Tf* i-T »o* 



eo* eg*egooegegcg cg-^*i 



^ -t CO CO 
00 oco-^ 
c-too3Cg 



oi t> in Tji in 

OJ O T}< 00 '-' 

eg eo r-i eg to 



3ui3uojag 
jaqtun^ aSBJOAy 



siSBg auitJL-iin j[ 
uo siaqoBax 
JO J3uuin^v[ 



oO'-HOooo^t-.-HT}'cgo>o>inoto-n<tco>t>tooicot- 
coegoototoooooiooooocgtoojtocO'^oooo-'toM 
tocg-Hi-i eg eo rH 1— rH ^ eg eo "-H eg 1-1 Ti«eg 



T-l t- -"J" O 1-1 

00 o> to eg to 

O 0> to 05 



T}i-«ji-«i<oi00oo<^TjiTj<ooego30toot>ooo:to 
T}iTj<-Hint--<j'incgcgtot>»otoaiooiotocgo5egino5 



eg 00 1- to eg 
OS in o> eo 05 



3 £ 



<D O C 
!3 C "L 



c * 



PQ 



g.2.2"S^ w 
Sec" — 
3 £ o 



c 

O 



S?2 b 



to- ^ 



etc O lO 

•SS CO 



3 in 



eg 

It 



CC . O 

•geo^co 
-^^^^ 

3 O^. 



eg 

3W9- 

^ ^.2 ^.2 



^ - <M ^ 

roo — cin 



-3 .^l"'**- 

2 a; tn p ai . 



- j:;eceoeg 

F *J 05 i-H 

Si 



■3 — o ifl "5 
o ^ ^ ^ oi 



2 ^ .S 5 "5 « 

.5 O ^ eg 00 eg 
cscgoito 

oW3eo*^* 



03 M CO "fl — < 

iilll?^.2 

PL, wX!a;h;cC> 

* -I- ce >j (S J2 o 



252 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



w too 



23 



7^ 

Oi © 
Oh ^ 

Jew 



ISC 

S 

I 



11 



I oi m M 
I CO 00 O 1>(M 

I CO ^ .-H 



>i-i o;doo 

I (N 1-1 



si 



0000?DC0C<I«5TH(Mt-O 



i-to-^oooooooo-^u;,-! 
00 05 o ^ lO as c- ?D lo Tj< i-ico 

00 00 «0 CO 05 



O lO 00 00 U5 
(N (M tH (M 

CO CO rH 



00 c- ira 00 

O lO ?D i-H 



lO ;0 CO IXI r-( 

OS 00 CO IX> t> 
lO CO lO lO rJH 

05 0,-lrH(N 



CO T-i OS <X) 00 
C^3 O (N CT5 ^ 

CO CO (M ^ r-l 



00 i-H 



O lO tH lO 00 CO i-H <M CO i-( ■ 

oo-^iouot-oooioco ' ' ' 

T-H <M 1-1 (M rH 



rH O lO as t- 05 00 00 1-1 O 00 (N 

eocoT»<-<*(MC-o^jTj<rH iC(McO' 

CO (M CO ^ i-< 



(^^ococol^]a5Tt^Or^ 
t>t-^oc-LOincoT-< 

C<I rH CO 



00C-T)<LQ(Nt--OC-«) 
i-ICD00CTs'X>COCDi-ICO 
rH (M 



rH O lO Ol N CD 

rH liO to t- tXN 
eg tH rH rH 



lOCOt-CDTjtcOrHtXM 
OOrHOLOt-T)<(MTjlr}< 
rH IM (M rH rH 



lOrHa5C-rH00rH(M(M 

ai-^cDinaseooieoio 

rH IN rH rH 



aseooairHicinoi-* 



in o 
in (N 
in to 



(Mt-005inCOrHOO 

coasrHc^jcD-^ascoos 

COrH(Mai-^C^eOrH 



•™ 5-:= fi i; o 



-2 yt^Kp-^ rt^ 
C« W Q 



ooc-in-^rHu-ooocD->*< 



OrHC000C0C0t-05(MCD 

rHcocciMri<05cciinineo 
00 00 in CO 



ioo-<t(Noor}ia5ooeo 



( 05 rH CO CO o (M ■ 



c~oooooT)<inoo 

CDOOLOOOOt>C<JOO 

inoioicoiN'^dc-^dd 
ojooincot-ococomin 
ai_rj<_cD__a)_oj_05_a5_in CO co 
in co" in -"ir c<r CO* of 



00CDO5(>]00inrHC]rHl 
OrHrHa5a5T)<OTj<Tjll 
rH rH rH rH (N rH rH i 



CO t- oi CD in 

00 T}< CO (M 

00 05 rH rH (M 



00 CD in in 00 

t- in rH (M CO 



asooinTfasrHinoirH 



IN O 

in 
CO in 



COCOrHOrHUOOiOOin 

(NoicOTtcocviinrHoo 

(NOrH00-^C<IC0rH 



OOCOCOrHOlrHCOOOCD 
in O rH rH in CO CO 



00 1~ in CD 



O rH rH 



05 in ec in CO 



CO T}< CO CD o 

OS in IN o in 

C<! CO (NOi CD 



T)<oiNa5-^t>ot-t- 



CD t- CO c 

rH COIN- 



CO CO 

co CO 



ooooincDOOo 
oooocoooininin 

O O O (N 0_l>^CO CD CO 

in in in OS CD in 



00 CO CO rH 



rHOl in rH 

in ai CO 00 
CO ai t> Tj< 

05 t- rH 05 



Eh--' 



<i m pq o m Pi, o 



^ >Cs ^ QJ o 



i 2 O 03 « C3 

; 1 1 1: c^-S-S^ 



oO 



,5 3 



<l 2 



ferH 



High School Cost per Pupil, State and Federal Aid, Teaching Staff, 253 

Enrollment 



!I> CO »-l t- 00 CD 00 CO rH 

tXM <M .-I (N i-H O .-( 



00 lO i-H CD CO CO (N 



TJ< t> lO rH 00 I lO CO 
(N'-lrHr-l I t-— I 



ic-g'ooot-'ooo^ 



00 c<i CO ;d CO CO < 



O y-l 



CD c:i ooo; 00 



(N lO : 00 ■ 



O^-tMOOC-CDOOlM 



O 00 



C<I 00 t~ O i-H O CD (N 



irj O CO CO 



ICt- 
CD CD 



T-i Ol <M O CO 



loooi-^oaaii-HoscD 



00 O (N --I ■ 



00 O .-t Tj< OS 



eoo5 
ic CO 

COt-H 



(Mt>CO00Tj< 
rH CD CO in Tl< 



COCO 
CO a> 



CO O O CO rl I O CO 

O O O t- 00 o 
^ O lO ^ ' 



O CO O (N ■ 



irt CT> CO I 05 05 



cot^T»<iocDmc-eo 



■^oooo— it-om 

C000t>O500t>t>C<I 
CO --H rH 



CO —I Tj" 00 CO 



OS [- 

CO 00 
o 



OCT505COt-OiO(N00 
1-HCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 



CO o 

in rH 



(N eg 05 in 00 r-l o 
-St (M (N tH rH rH rH 



COOS 50 CO ' 
CO rH rH 





eg OS t~ CD in 


OS OS 


COCOrHCgCDt-OOOOrH 


eg o 


coint>t-Tj<os-^o 


eg 00 


00 rH O 


t- CO 


OS T}l 


CO Tj< CO eg 


rH CO 

eg 


egcoininTjtTtoorHcg 


coco 


oinincocgcgcocg 


CO eg 
CO 


in CO CO eg eg 


OS CO 


O O 

o in 


o o o o o 
in lo o o in 


o o 
in in 


oooooooino 
ininoioooinego 


in o 
eg o 


oooooooo 
ooooinooo 


o o 
in in 


o o o o o 
o o o o o 


o o o 
CD o o 


doi 
CO-* 

OJ^rH 


CO eg i> d in 
t- eg <-( CO 
eg_^e<]^t> co_^in 


00 eg" 
rH eg 

oo_ 


[-^inrHino6egt>cod 
■^ooooegTt<ino5coc~ 
eg eg rH cg_cD__oo co eg o 


.140, 
,636. 


in oo' eg" in d rH d 
ooc^incooscocgo 
t-__co 00 CO c~ in 


in CO 
eg CO 
oo_oo_^ 


<6 <6 <6 <6 
o m rH o 
o^ t> eg in rH 


in os" 00 
CO eg m 

in t- 


inTjT 


■^"rfco eg 


os"'^'' 


inTiT ■«i<'Tj<"coco''co"'^''rH 


in e^ 

CO 


co" co"" eg" eg' eg" rH . 


incg"" 
eg 


co'co CO co'eg"" 




o> 00 

05 


CD rH o oi eg 

!0 O 05 


eg OS 
in CO 


ooo^rHoooojin-* 
egcooo-^t-t-oocgo: 


in 00 

05 CO 


00 o eg CO rH rH e^: 
CO 00 CD eg CD eg 00 


00 rH 

OS eg 


T)< T}< in eg 
CD eg rH 00 00 


CO 00 in 
CD in CO 


(N rH 


rH 00 t-^ CO 00 

CO eg eg in 


d 

COrH 


cocfSoscD'-Hcot-ocoj 
rHeo-*-*coTj<cot>cD 


os' CO 

CO eg 


Oegdos'ososcDOs 
oocMegocgeooo 


CO 00 

rH CO 


r-i in r^ rH 

eg CD OS o t- 


Cd" rH d 

m o CO 


as- 


€«9- 




rHrHrnrHrH^rHrH^ 




6^r 









s 

J 3—; 

< o o 



z 
o 

cs I- a> tt. ■ 



o 

H s 



o 

OS 

« 

<: r- - 



^1 c ^ & £ fl !5 



; 3 ^ ca 



P2 HPiZPnOOOtsi 



o 
O 



^1 



J 5^ £ 
2 MC 



o ^ c 

O 0) 



254 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



So 

61 



00 Ol 

coco 



lO i-H tH 

o> 05 



CO r-l 



OlCDi-H 
t-t-rf 

IN 



+2 -2 2 » 
C 1^ 2 



<J> O ^ CJ -"t 00O5 



O TJ4 U3 00 05 t- Tl< 



05 T)< t> CO lo ;o 



M <M «3 Tji ;o eo 



2>s 

-a 



M C - g O M 



ed CO CO ix> O T-( 



■<t IM 05 O C<J CO 



t> t- t- if3 05 CO 



OS O 05 U5 I 
OiCO 

coocoooo 

M-^(M cocoes 
O i-H O O O 

O W 00 o o o 
d CO th o o o 
eoicooooo 

tHOS^CO rH 1-H lO 



(N O 

CO o 
00 d 
cooj 



1 05 lo CO 00 00 

I r}< CO C- 

I T-i CO ^ CO i-H oi 

I eO(M (M rH 



CO lO lO t- CO t- 
o CO 05 o t> 1-1 

CO 05 r-i o (N O Oi 



N 00 O 05 05 00 
00 Tj< (M ,-1 CO rH 



1-1 00 CD C- lO IN 

t- 1> CO in CO CO 



O IN IN tH .-I (N UO 
lO CO 05 Tj< CO t- t- 
O CO t> rHCO 
CO*"-"* rfinTjTTf CO 



--105 
CO 00 
(N.-I 



OtH 

coco 

CO 

coco 
b-eo 



Tf tr- 
io iH 

CO t- 



OJ lO O CO 05 

CO Tj< X 05 o 
t- O 05 00 00 



CO — I m O 



eO'j'OscOl 

t-(Nr-l I 



T)<oooTfioo 1 nt 

Tt<COCOTl<(N 



t-mc<i C (N 
1-1 CO Tfi o -<j< 
00 o t-co c- 



C^OIN'^OOOSIOIN 



CO 00 o o -"f CO CO CO 

O 00 O T)< 1-1 CO T}< ifl 

c<iooeoiNi-(t-co 
loeoMi-iiH^ 



CO o N lo m 00 CO 05 

CD CO O —I 1-1 CO 00 00 
t-OOOOiNrHOCDiO 

Tjl IN tH l-( 1-1 r-( 



X05INi-il005(NiC 
t-Tj<eOlNi-liH(Ni-( 



CO (N 05 (N CO 1-1 00 

eooob-coiocococj 



coco Tj< 

05C<li-( 
(N 

(NOOTf 

ooi-i»-t 

(N 



t- mcoi-iot-cooeo 

CO CO CO CO 1-1 o -* t- 

co_^ 05__t>oo__o^rHiNeoco_ 

i-T t> lo Tj<"co''Tj<"io in CO 



CO in 00 

C0.-ICO 

CD '>d<__in 
iNco'ef 



C 0) ^ — 



coo 005 1-1' 
OCOINtXN. 
1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1 C<1 1 



CO ^ OCD C- 

CO CO 05 o> Ti< 
in 1-5 Til IN 

(N C<1 ■"!< CO CO 



1-1 00 CO 00 CD CO (N 1-1 

CO IN in CO in t> Oi 00 
05o6doo'<No6ind 
05ocoiNC<iooiin 



CDrHCO 

CO 00 in 
i-< t-o> 



m 
few 

O o 



5 3 c3 g.aj o 



o . 

^5 



o > ^ 

C I* S3 5^ 



3 S § N- 



J OOfeW<J 



t- ^ 01 
^ > (1) 



High School Cost per Pupil, State and Federal Aid, Teaching Staff, 

Enrollment 



255 



! I 



:oj ;c<i(MO 
;m : «N 

! CO 1 0> \0> 
<0OCO«D(N 



1^ 



eo 00 -<i< CO o 05 ?o > 
«occeoo^c-c^jcoi 



00 »0 O CTJ o «c ^ • 

01 CO (N O CO t- Tj< t 



(NOOOOO 00 



in to • 

(M ' 



CT) N (M t3< t- C- 1 

'-HOCONrH.-l 



ooco t-<r> 



00 CO t- 00 «r> to 

OOOOrHrH^ 

y-o OJ"*- 



c- --I CO 



IM CO 
CO 



I M lO lO U5 CO 



00 ^ -H 00 
eoSc32 



I 00 CO 
I com 

I CO(N 



1-1 M t- 05 



t- 00 005 



ooat-o 

N i-H OS 00 

eo-*C5 1- 



o> OJ 
CO c-i 



oooj o 

lO T-i 



oo 

C<1 o 



o lo t- lo «o CO o in imo 



oiooiN'-HOOinooint-oOi 



1-1 o> CO oj CO 00 1- o> CO o CO ^ 
t- (N m CO CO 00 c- CO 05 05 00 in I 

C-CO<N— iTi (N I 



CO CO 
tH 05 



05t>inoocooo5eoCT>c-05 
t>t-eooicgoo(Mi-iOT-ic<i 

t-COCOC0C0(MN<MC0r-l 



1-1 00 in 00 
OS 1-1 1-1 
CO 



oomcMco 



00 ^ CO 00 
05 o o m 

<»OJ l-H 

co" 



00 1~ 
ino4 



■<l<00 00(N-*COCOt-' 



i-iooa>inoo5i-ioo-^cDt> 



ininoo5Mo^(Mooin05oo 
ot-co'^iMoot-inxoot-Tj' 
t>in(Ni-i^ CO 



0- Hcoco-^CJcot-oot-co 

1- icot>t-oini-i05050C4 
i>cDineocO(NC0i-<iHi-i 



O CO 
00 <N 



i-icot-inoococooow-*i-ioo 
(MTj<coeow^i-iTj<rHi-ico 



00 CO 

CO CO 



t^oo^cocoincocooino 

COC0 01iOt>-r}<Tj<ia<Tj<cO'-l 



Ti 00 o o 

CO CO CON 



in 00 
in o 



OOOO 

in o o o 
c> o o 
in o in in 
ic o in in 

■^OONrH 



05 O t- CO 

CO in o 1-1 

1-1 1-1 N (N 



05 O 

'^co 



-«rcoo5cot-05coooooco-^ 
coo5t-T}<Tj<coc<it-eoeocoN 



incooooeooooooo 
Ncoinooocoinooooo 
i-Hi-3(N*cD'o5coi-<ddooo 
ooiMCOiMiOrHOSininininin 
T)"__oo__o I* cO'^.co^co CO CO CO CO 

o"o CD CO CO 



00(N05(MCO(NeOCOOCOO 
OOeO"^. WOt-t-CDCOCON 



05C0 

in 00 
coco 



ooinin05oooot-o 

t>Ot--C0Tl<oOOO00O 

Ti5dTj<cococoinddincD 
T}<inc-inT)<a5t-oino5-^ 
cD_ CO in CO oc_^ co_ co_^ CO o oo__ n<_ 
in in in in rjT Tjl" tjT 05" 



inot-t>ini-(coinocoooco 
^ooco^05coocoin-^t-co 



coco CO CO ^ CO eg in 1-1 CO 00 CO 

— Hco incoo5 05i-<t>i-j^incoco 

cod ddcoincodcodcocooo 

coo CO 1-1 O O O ^ ^ ^ CO 



00 —1 1-1 10 



in cot- CO 

CO TP CO 



t- in CO CO 



Tf CO in o 

1-1 1-1 O i-( 

00 CO in o 



o 



; c -SO Z fcisi 3 ; ^ , 



3 = 



o g 

C8 o OJ 



MX. 



=n C ^ IS — HI i:^ C . 



O co'O'O 

E-i w c c 



B 
o 
c 

" g 



0) ^ 



b1 



o 
tn CO 
gco 



II 



4 



'-co ca 
' " 2 >» 

ca ca CO 2 bfi 

t< it O Ci fl 



256 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



o 

CS 

(U 
>H 

>, 
J> 

C 

is 

v. 

ea'co 

'S. a» 

O) o 

1 « 
2 

1 2 

a; 



Voca- 
tional, 
Tech. 


6 










; : ; : ■ 1 : : i'^ 


OS ; ; a; • : : 1 OS ; ; ; ; ; 
; : <M • . ; j (M ; ; ■ ; ; 




Com- 
mercial 


d 




; OCP5C5 ; 


OOT 




« 


; ; : ; ; 1 ; ; ; : 


; ; ; c^ujos 


lo ; ; i ; : 




Gen- 
eral 


d 


ait>cri'--L-iM(N o;o 


to OS t- <N (30 o 00 
■«s<t-(M NiCT-iec 


oc -"^os 

IMCOCC • 




1 iouot-Oi-i|ocoo ecoi 

1 1 ^ 


(N CO OS lO icin 
^ (M CO i-i i-l 


CO moo ; ; ; 





cj c 



Entrants 
to State 
Teachers 
Colleges 






in IN (N : : : 1 ; ; 

: ■ : 1 




■:;':|:; ::|;:- (M-i::|eo:: '. yi : 

' ' \ ' ' \ ^ ^ ^ 1 




Four- 
Year 
Gradu- 
ates 


d 


t~osoo(Mco |(NC- OS-* icoc^aco ooosco-^ 


t-COO INX^ 

in—i rH in 

; 


Tji in 

l>(N 




CO o to ^ 


^CO 0<N 1 C<1-^(N OsOSTfCO 

- "h " 


in o CD m t- in 

Tf".-lrH (Nr-I 


t- 1-1 


Enrollment by Year and Sex 


> 


d 


I> OS 00 to 


c- OS t- 

lO tH l-H (N 


to CO CO X O CD 

■^1— MM 


X CO ^ oa o 
in i-( ^ in N 
-1— 


CO o 
t-co 




CO O CO ^ r-H 


^ CO "CO 


^ M os OS CO 
eg 1-1 


inox ot-inicg— 1 
■rr .-1 CO i-i in 1-1 


III 


d 


OS lO ■<1< OS 
(N ^ 


00 X (N 00 

lO r-. eo<N 


OCOCO COr-i-^lN lO—iCO CJ^(M 1 iCt- 
COrH INtT -hIxcOIN iO(M IC-i-( 

i I 




(Ninoscot- 1 OS ^ intj< 


CO in CO OS CO 

COi-i i-IN 


X CO in X 1-1 irt 

■ti-^ (N(M 


■*05 

in 1-1 




d 


<M C<I (N 


CO OS CO 

t-(N MM 


in-HX eortoos 
in (M CO M <-! 


coi-ti? eoosin 
t- Tj" iH in 1-1 


t-c- 

t-IN 




tXNOOO^ 


oot- ooeo 


-Hos X t- X CO 

■>t (N IN 


M ^ -H oco 

CO IN 1-1 in (N 


^IN 
t> (N 




d 


CO C- O CO 


O ■«1< C- 00 
C-N COM 


inX-H XrrOSCO 
CO M ^ CO CO i-l 


-^eo^ incom 

OSCOIN iO(N 


CO in 
xeo 


m 


(M Tj< CO 00 t- 


t~ OS 00 X 

CO ^ <M 


CO in ■«s< (N in o CO 
in .-( CO -N 1-1 


CO o CO T)< CO in 

C- CO -H rr M 


(NIN 

t-Tf 


Average 
Number 


Belong- 
ing 


C<I O O 00 CO 

og rj< 00 
Ti'oosco-"^ 


450.6 
136.5 

184.1 

179.0 


363.1 
109.6 
39.2 

208.5 
199.1 
52.5 
46.5 


506.6 
179.3 
108.1 

356.6 
158.8 

32.0 


547.4 
185.6 


Attend- 
ing 


OS ■<S< N t- 00 

ift CO t- CO 
eoo5 0oco-<i< 


428.0 
125.5 

164 6 
162.3 


326.9 
97.2 
34 8 

196.4 
184.0 
48.6 
42.8 


471.8 
160.1 
99.4 

330.0 
143.2 
29.6 


602.8 
171.3 


No. of 
Teachers 


Spe- 
cial 


(N c- ;a) 00 


CON loeo 
eo(N 


w CO ca m IN CO <N 

U5(N 


in " 1-1 OS OS CO 
oseoiH ineOrH 


11 .1 
4.1 


Aca- 
demic 


ooeooi-iN 

lO CO CO CO 


19.4 
2.8 

6.4 
6.5 


OS o X in CO n X 

INMi-l CCCOPJi-l 


17.0 
4.9 
2.9 

9.4 
5.1 
1.7 


16.2 
4.7 


State High 
School and 

Federal 
Vocational 

Aid for 
Day School 

Salaries 


$4,999.87 
3,271.25 
2,550.00 
3,271.25 
2,550.00 


$16,642*37 
3,312.50 

$4,380.00 
3,790.50 


$8,170.50 
4,077.50 
1,458.00 

$5,305.50 
4,144.50 
2,158.50 
1,500.00 


$13,108.50 
3,750.00 
2,550.00 

$5,372.06 
3,900.00 
2,331.56 


$11,603.62 
5,105.00 


Current 

XT'., 

pense 
Cost 
per 

Pupil 


$161.76 
136.00 
116.99 
160.90 
196.9!) 


$150.80 
103.56 

$157.74 
160.05 


$159.13 
111.27 
155.91 

$153.47 
120.44 
251.55 
140.68 


$149.43 
93.48 
89.54 

$106.13 
151.80 
237.27 


$128.09 
109.46 



U c 

(U 



c 



Ins >. 
:53 c 



w i i 




V i i 




T. Mai 
ills 

t Brent 


otal 
r (Col. 
/ille (C 








^ o 


OS 





•-9 



.2 

So 



o 



WcftO 



O 



J ® 

Bo 

(V 

o 



High School Cost per Pupil, State and Federal Aid, Teaching Staff, 

Enrollment 



257 



t- tr- I <?> « 

CO 00 I 00 in ^ 
Ti< M I t> 00 



OC»3t-CvJ0C!M t-^D 

a5-<^<a5>-tc<iN eooo 

CO 



; CO o ; 

: CO : rH- 



c~ 00 



;eo^ 
to o 



«D ic 00 I ?c ;d o 



1^: 



«5 i-( (M --I 



ioeo!cc^o>oo 



: o o 



to (N C- Ol ^ 

CO <X) t- Tt< 

as ^ 



0<X>as "X! CD m 



C- Tl< ;c (N O 00 



m «c ^ to t- C- 



lO lO lO — 00 X 
IN 



t- (M CO CO lO CO O OS 



N N —I eg •<* «o 
^T-io4-<a<eocg-Hcg 
o CO .-I T-( ^ th CO eg 



O5 00 
CO 



?D OS CO <N 



CD O O O 00 o 



»0(M 
00 O 



TfcocgTf 

IMWt>«D 



U5 CD -H UO CD 
UO (N C- -"t -H CD 
CO 1-1 



00 (M i«D 

00 (N :oo 
CO ^ CO 



t-cD eg 
■^Oico cococD 

^ r-< CD CO 



in CD 00 coos 
Ttcg-H oscoi-H 



;cg 

CO CO ;t- 

O tH uo 



in m m lO 

•<1<00iOtJi 

CD rH 



cgoo»HegcDC5CDO 



inoot-cDOosrH-^ 
-tot-cgi-HOoO'H 

OSNrHi-HrHi-HCgiN 



1-t CD CO O Tl" CD CO CO 

CD CO eg eg i-( CO 



Tj< eg 
eg in 



CO o> in CD CO 05 



—(OS o« 
o CO CD in 
eg rH -1 



00 CO 

coco 



T}<o> 00 eg 
ocqegrH 



CO eg 
c- eg 



w 00 CD eg w Ti< 00 CO 



ocgooeg-Hoo 
inoiodinoo-Hioo 
egxo-^eg^egi-i 
■H<^o t> co__o_co CO 
t> co" TjT TjT its' t^" 



X05C0OOO I oc- 

C0 05 



CO eg 
cc in 
OS 00 



O CO CO o c o 
o eg — I a; o; o 
o_co t- ^ in 
in eg' eg" eg eg"'-!' 



e- in 

;0 O 

eg Tjt 



CO 



.H in CO X 
CD CO CO eg 



oo 
o q 
CO in 
eg CO 
cg^o5_ 
co'in 



oooo 
^ CO CO in 
1-1 05 02 in 



O Tjl X C- 05 05 

1-; o CD 00 X CO 

1-^ a; eg eg co' eg 

eg X CO CO m 



o X CO CO 
eg^^^ 



oooo o o o 

oooo o o o 

o_o__o_o__ ^^.'^^ 

co'co'co'co" co'co'co 



o o o 
o o o 
o__o__o^ 
eg^co'co" 



M 5 

5 



O MM 



O J3 



o 

O C3 

3 O 
PQPh 



730 



C C3 



O tO^ 

P C 
O 3 

PQ 



S m S _ 
0) O-- C 

73 aco"" 
«_,X.-( 

fe'-'iOt- 

S 3? S 

Qi u; aj Q) 



t 



258 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 





Girls 


ts< ^ ;;;;;; ; 








(M ; 


CD :eg rH : :eg ; ; i 
CD ; -<i" : eg ; ; 
-i- -i— f- eg 


in ; ; ; 
CO 


< 


1 

pa 


'-■co-^ ::::::: 
;;{;;; ; 


00 
o 


:co 
: eo 




eo 
CO 


OS : m eg ; co : 
eg :^cg • ' ' 


OS ; ; ; 
eg 


sic* 


03 

o 


(Noscooi-i iooooaeo 
oooeo^ ; w CO eg 


CD rH 
i-H CO 

00 


eg 00 
eg t- 


:005 
: in CO 


OS o 
00 eg 
CO 


t-coegrncg — --Hoseg 
cDCDt-csoegegt-Tf 
^ Tj< eg eg rH eg 


X in o CO 
m o in 

CO^rH 

eg* 




& 
w 


;0 X C- : ^ C<1 eg N 


CD O 

00 rH 


00 eg 
t- 00 


imco 
; eg 


CO lO 

eg 00 

CO rH 


xt-coi-n-^oacNiosoj 
■^osoot^cDQCinin 
eg eo CO eg rH rn 


X ^ CD O 

X CO eg 

CD_ 


sical 
ation. 




rH lo T}< oi 00 : c~ ; CO 
i-i eg ?<] ;c t- ; : CO eg 
cgcg—i X X x x 


Oi CD 

o eg 
00 X 


oco 
00 

1.0 IC 


:OS 
, CO 


OS 
CD CD 

eg CO 


egoscocoooc-Qoi>o 

•^CDrHCOr}<C0r-lt--^ 

o CD o in eg rH eg 


00 'n o CO 
X o in Tf 
eorH X X 
CO >^ 


Phyi 
Educ 


o 
PQ 


?o U5 C- lO : ;o : CC CO 

CO eg ^ :,co i eg eg 
cgcg^xx X x x 


eg 00 
00 


rH 00 
t- rH 

•<1< 


;co 
:cg 


1,012 

207, 


CO-^OrHCMinCNJOSrH ] 

o in CO in eg rH oo ^n in 
cDinin-*egrHr-xx 
XXX 1 


C- rH CO O 

CD CO eg 

!>; X X X 

eg" 


in ess 
ijects 


o 


05 C- CC >0 rH Tj< 

CO eo C5 cc t> eg 
eg (M eo 


eg : 
o_ 


egrHcoeg : 
eg rH 


in ; 

OS ; 
CO 


t- 00 m CO CD 
CD eg t- o eg 
CO CO eg CO rH 


OS : ; ; 
OS : : : 
oo_^ 






eg —1 rH «5 o> 

C5 ^ eg 


CO ; 


OOSO-<i< : 1 
cocorH,-( : 


PO 
OS 


CO in 00 CD CD 


OS ; : • 

CO 


Agri- 
cul- 
ture 


1 




o : 


; :co : : 
: :eg ; : 


CO 00 
eg 


: : : ; 00 ; : 
: : : ; CO ; ; ; 




me 
omics 


Voca- 
tional 


CO 00 «> eg • t> 00 : 
CD Tf CO eo ; 


t- CD 

t- eg 
eg 


O t- rH 

; 00 


00 in 
eg <-i 




o 


Gen- 
eral 


03 oocDegcDCD ' : eg ; 

O CO O O 03 1 CO 

eg c-j eg 

T3 


OS 


CD 05 

o in 
T)< eg 


: 00 
; -"S" 


CO c- 

rH CO 
OC rH 


incoosegin'-<egt-eg 
■^cDcocoincge^"^"^ 
Ti* Tj< eg rH .-1 eg 


2,166 
105 
50 
43 


3trial 


Edu- 
cation 


ca 


O !D 

eg 


O ; 
eg 

ca 




O O 

eg o 


:cD :co :tj< 


CO ; ; : 
eg ' ' ' 


Iridui 


m 
< 


lOt-cDCDegooi ;«o ; 
eg o rH t— CO rH ; eg 

y 


rHCg 


no CO 
CO eg 
CO CO 

0) 


:ooco 
:cDeg 


eg c 

in 00 

X 


oot>rHooQoinco eg 
r-'oc'^osint^oo in 

un CO r- rH rH 


e'j — CD o 
CO eg 

o_ 

e^f 


«^ 


o 


rH lO ITS O 

CO o> rH eg 
cr o- 




ca "0 lo CD eg 
00 eg CO eg eg 


o : 

OS 

eg 


CD OS t> rH O 

OS in CO CO eo 


o 

O ; ; : 


Fre 
Span 


m 
>» 
o 
CP 


eocD !D eg 

eg CO rH : : ; ; : 
cr cr 




05 (>• eg o 

T)< OS t-H rH rH 

cr 


CO 

00 ; 


O -H Tl< OS CO 

Tt< TJ< OS CO rH rH ; •; 


T}< : : ; 
eg 


c 


cn 

o 


00 O — 1 r}< Tj< 


co 


CD eg 

rH CO 




00 CO 
OS in 


O CO C- t- . 00 O 
CD OS CD rO , CO CO 


eg : : 
t> : : : 
m 


Lai 


02 
>. 

o 
PQ 


OS eg ic OS t- 
t- eg r-i eg 


eg 

OS 


00 LO 

CD 




CO eg 

t- rH 


O O O t- 00 . CD 

rHrHOT}<eg . CO r- . 


o 


a; 

V 

c 


03 

o 


■q<t>a3«>coTj<cgoocgco 
rH(rocD'<*OT)<T}<Tj<oocg 
eo CO eg rH 


1,358 
30 


CO eg •'S' t- 

1-IVC01C--H 

coco rH 


in CO 
OS eo 


ininegocDomoocg 
cocDOsosTj«egooinT}< 

Tf Tj* CO rH T—l rH 


coinoco 
CO o in 

CO^rH 

eg" 


Scie 


m 


oc-«J'ioosTj<crcD<jj«Deo 
rHCi-^egcoegcorHcgcg 
eoegcg'-i 


O CO 

00 


t-ooceoeo 
us eg CD rH 

coco rH 


rH-^ 
rHX 
OS rH 


cgcDTTooc-osoeg 
rHt-moit-os'^inin 
in CO 1-1 — c 


O O CD c 

in^roocg 

CO 

eg" 


•ial 
dies 


o 


lOT-Hosoot-cct-ooegco 
egoicDt-'^cc'^'^eoog 
-^coegrHrH 


1,626 

31 


cgoiot-eg 
t-Tf osioco 

Tj- Tjl rH 


1,196 
357 


ooosQOrH!3>rHegoeg 
cgoc — icococgc--^ 
CD eg in in eg rH eg 


o in o CO 
eo o m Tj< 

COrH 

eg 




0! 
>. 

m 


CDOUOrr-^iOt-OCDCO 

Tfocoegoococoegogcg 

CgCOrHrH 


1,030 
10 


TH -rq 03 eg 
oooiacocg 

eOCO rH 


eg eg 
OS eg 


Tj<oocDGSQCcocoeg<N 
coeoegcDOsooomin 
m in CO '-^ rH 


O rH CO O 

eg CO eg 
evf 




m 

o 


Tjit-c-vooM'coosegec 
rHoeorHO-^eocgeocg 

egOqrHrHrH 


1,027 
15 


OS eg 
CO eo 


^egos 
ootj" CO 


CD t- 

CD 

OS eg 


cDeg^-coegoc<Moseg 
cDoocgrHcgoegt--* 
eo eg Tj« eg rH rH eg 


r-i o CO 

CO o in 

X_rH 




1 

CG 


eoi035-rtoct>oo;Dco 
cDLOoir-cDegcgegcgcg 
eg eg rH rH 


1 >«eg 
o 


CO 00 rH C- CO 

lo lo CD eg 

CO CO r^ 


eg eg 
1 ^ eo 

OS M 

1 


mrH^xooscoffseg 
CD m CD t- m X 00 in m 

■<i"* eg rH rH 


1 rHOCDO 

OS ^ CO eg 
1 eg" 




c 


rH.oo rH Tj. ;d t> 00 eg CO 
to irt CO eg rH 


2,064 
31 


— 02 

OS o 00 CO 

in in rH rH 


1,472 
394 


oxo-^t-xegoseg 
cDX'-<-*in?oegt--^ 
t- CD t- m eg rH eg 


o in o CO 
rj" o in T}< 

rH 


To 
Enrol 
andEn 


>. 
o 
CC 


i.ocococooiLoc-c«>eo 
coooco-^oicocoegegeg 

CO eg rH 


L- O 

CO rH 


CD OS r-" CD CO 

^ M CD t- ej 


24!) 


ocgcoegrHCDcooseg 
egoscoincorHXinm 
CD in in eg rH rH 


rH rH CD O 

'O'-^coeg 
eg 



X 



5UP3 



C 0) 

-i^ ^ c. ca 
;2 o ca w 

.S^S " -J 



5 E: - 



S 



> o 



III 



t- c >- c 

5 5 5 § 



~ c 

'O o) 



o S-2U 

M > £ 
2 !5 S 

u ra cs 



High School Enrollment by Subject 



259 




ITS m m ec 00 c- 
oowt-iooo eooo 

X X X X X 00 



loxc- ;oc~t>x : US'* 
M XXX I «o X 



00 QC LO lO O 05 

X X w X X m 



I occo 

I lO X 



IS 



t>OC0O-H(ji0O'^i-'5 :|o 
C !M ^ '-H -< ; I O 



(Nco ; 



00 U5 : eo 05 lO 00 



eg X 



Oi ai : lO c- 



M <N 



ISi 



;d c 00 



o; «o 
CO o 00 
CO --I 



o-^ CO 
eg 



to CO 



occMa>ccaic~'-^oo 
N — ^ 



' CO eg CO 



I CO CO 



6o 



X ai > 



S >>S.S * 



a; 



3g 
^1 



S " 

■5 5" 0- _ C 



Eh K 



.11 



° o 

log 

1) 5 

is 



&5 

21 



260 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



II 



ll 



11 



ii 



li 



I 



I 



f 



I 



Itl 



M MS 



i 



i] m u i| pi m ' 



Iff— 



i 



; i ; 



; i i i : 



i 



pfwrrif 



I— Iil 



inpirir 




i 



li 

ii 

tlH 

i 



1 



I! 



High School Enrollment by Subject 



261 




: ! ! i ! i 


1 <M : ; 

r ^ ^ 


: '. 

00 vo : ; 


|2 


; ssg ! is issss i 


1 S : 




^ i 




S ; 




— — — : M CO CO 








I^J C£ LO lO 




1 : : i 


«^ 

o 00 




g« 






X lO ;o Tj< 




S i i : 








s 2S ^ ■ ^ ■ ^ 

X X 


gE2 : 
S'S • 


eo o o 












g'S • 


c c- ;c •<5' 


11 ^ ^ ^ ^ 


iS 




r 


SSS : ; : : : 


2 ■ ^ 




g : 


i : : 




g2SSS M i i i 


s • 


; i ; ; : 


: i 




^ ; i i ; 


^ : : : M i i i 

1 


S i 


£ i ;S iSS i 














g§ ' 










































S§S ;S5 i i i 


1 i i : i i 










g ■ 


io5 i i i i i i 


i i M i i 


i i 2 : i i 


^ i 


||S : i i 1 i i : i i 


g i 
















00 ec 










. . 


S i 


: i i i i 










2 i 




S : 


i i i i i 








« :0 ; 




«22 : 


g 1 




^ ■ 

« ■ 














K i i 


- : 


- i 




S3 : 




















gg ' 




























1» 






















» N o « ;d ^ N « 


gg^ 
























2° 




l« 




p. 












p 




|ggi 




|g 




2" 





11 
1! 

I 



i 



1 1 

HI 

ji; ■ 

ill 

li1 



262 



1945 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



3 OS 



S-2 

ir H 

-I 



§5 

GO 

— cS 

cH 
B 







; «c «c : 


N ; : : : : : : : | 


; i ; il 

i 






< 


§" 

m 


■ « 2 ; 


; : ; : : : ; : 
eg ■ ■ ' 


: ; i M 








IT 


— sn t- eg cc ^ ir- t- 


t- c : : ; ; : : 
■*co<;o : : : : ; : 


:eo 
:« 


OS 10 


Tjtio ; ; : ; ; 1 
t-c- ; ; ; : 


: — OS 
:cgco 




X- 

1' 


^ TJ< " 5C t- <C (N 


— eg — 

X t- -"t . 




:eo 
: 10 




egeg 
CO ■* ; 


tr- 
ie- ■<3' 


c 

"5.2 





^ t- -J ;D 05 t- N OJ 

(N t- CO t~ u5 eg CO — (N ;c 

lM(MeO'-l X — — r-i 

X. 


;c : 
cgcot- : 


uo 
t- 


0: in CO 
t-t-eg 


c- : : : 

: ; ; 

X 


t- — 0; 

oegco 


Phyi 
Educ 




!;c CO irt CO ;d X 

X X 


eg uo — 

c- . 




eg eg C5 

10 -r? — 
— X X 


CO : : 

a : : '■ 


CO-<l<t- 

ost-"^ 


re m 
0) CJ 

C 5^ 


c 


TfOO^DOCguO-rtXeO — 
(M eg !N .-1 




; : : 
q_ 


: 


Oi : 
eg 


ic eg 
^ Ta< 


X ; 


c uo eg : 


t- 

eo ; ; 


Subj 


05 


i-Ot-t>COO(M^05->3«000 


: : : 
t- : ; ; 
CO 


: ; : C- . 




to-* 
eo 





rrcg^ . 
egin— ; 


5i ; ; 


Agri- 
cul- 
ture 


cr, 
>> 

« 


: i : 1 : 


:cO . : 
: t- ; : 


if5 X ! — 

eoeo :cg ; 


OS : 


:cga5 
■■^^ 


t~ : : : 
CO ; ; ; 


t- : 
eo ; 




Si 

>° 


eo i <35 05 Tj< ; : (M : 
t- ;^NCg : : : :io 


t- — iO 

a; c; 


eg •«i< : — 
-"^CO iTTH : 


t- eo 

XX 


\a 
CO 


ift : : ; : ; 
cot- 


■OS 

ICO 


52 
Kg 

H 




C5 «5 OS CO O! 

eg c ^ X ;o 
eg ig eg "H 


10 lO 

cgTfegco 
cg^ 


°° : , : 


X : ■ 


. :CO 

; eg 


<?> X ; : 
xio ; ; 


c- — ; 
Tfcg ; 


is 


13 


'-HO-*:.:::::: 
—I ::::::: ; 
CS 73 


10 : : : 
OS : : : 










c 


< 


ocoeO'<rs;egi-ococ-o 
eg CO eg ^ -< CO us X t> 10 
eg eg — 1 .-I '-H 
u 


«5 : — : 
rj< : Tj< 

cg^ 


X : , X 
: : CO 


«C CO 

X 10 


;io : ■ 
;co : ; 


uo ■>g< : 
cot- ; 


French 
Spanish f 


c 


(DO : -1 eg '-c w : 

ipr-i :^cgCg-Hr-i ; 


M . : : 
10 : : : 


— cg'-i 


? : 


M ; 
eg ; 

-!— 


eg : 
eg : 


;io ; 
eo ; 


la 1 1 
eo 1 




m 


00 : eg t- 
Lo — eg 


eg ^ : : 


t- 10 CO 


CO : 


-}— : 




X :io ; 


— - — : 

2 i i 


c 


C 


eg — X c — : 
eo «; eg t> T« — 


^ : . . 


eg : ; : 


eg : 


cg —1 


:5 i ■ 


;co 

:cg ; ; 


CO 

eg 1 1 




1 

ca 


1^5 eg ;c t> T}. m 
X eg LO CO . — : 


iO 

eg 






C OS 






— 


c 




t-'-iT«cxeg~';£xic 
rHcgcg-^ — ^ 


CO S S 


C- 1— ' t- l!1 
TT LO TI- Tj< — 


CO 
c; X 

M 


0^ 
\a — 


ci c eg 
CO — eg 


— a; •* 

C.t-y-'CO 


eo — CO 
eg eg 


.5 
'5 
cr 


m 
>> 

CQ 


-Hr)<5cx'*^C'-OLoegt- 
egoocg-^egot-t>u5 
eg eg c<i ^ — 


— LO 

<c t- rf eg 
eo_ 


c; CO c CI eg 
eo 10 eo — r- 


eo eo 


CO X 


Tj< eo t- 
eo — 


— xeg 

X t- 1-1 — 


— eg 

Xt--«1< 


3; 


_^ 

5 


'^xocow:-'}' — t-LOxcc 
'^xco-^cc-vcocgo^S'- 
'i' eo CO eg — 1 -1 — — 


;C — T!< 

CO t> CO 

eg* 


— Tj< CO 
locg u3 CO i-H 


t~ CO 
t- X 


— X 

Oi 


OS-* CO 

cjc-eg 


eg eg OS-* 
— eg 10 


t- — Ol 

cs cgco 
eg — 


11 




— 'cg^CTfxxoiT-'rt-^ft- 
Ti<xcr. x-^Ttcoxm^ 
cocgcg'-i^'H-<TH 


UO — LO 

cot-'-teg 


U3 — — X C- 

-* CO ■«i< — 


1 cgeo 

r 


egt- 
t- 1- 




— 05t-X 

«t-cg»-t 


m c- 
eg 






oegcg^ra:-^coxo^Jeo 
a>a5«£>egcgo;£t>ioco 


■'J" 

eg eg t- CO 


Lo ic CO 
t- ^ ^ ^ 


IC LO 

CO 
eg 


xto 

X CO 


cgco 

10 CON 


eot-coco 
CO""}" — eg 


eg — OS 
irtcgco 




>. 

a 


CO — •^cl-<^'y5s^:^aco^D'3' 
ooc-Tfeg — «cc~ioco 
coeg — — -H — 


C; ^ N 
CO 


CO — — 50 

u3 Tj" CO eg eg 


— eg 


eg !J5 


— X05 

eocg — 


X X rj" 10 

koeo—" — 


cgt-Tf 


0) TO 


c 


cgco — Xsoo^co^ccoxeo 
ir5a:«o — x-^cocgcg«c — 
-*eoeoeg'-i — -H — — 


eg — 
eg eo t> eo 
eg 

c^r 


eg Lo •>?> — CO 
X »s eg 


10 CO 

uox 


t- 


t- Ift CO 

eg t- 
eg 


eg oio; X 
eg — cieo 


ocgcc 
eo- 


To 
Enrol 


i ^ 


xeo-^oeoxoTj-egTift- 
co — o> 10 — 05 »rt ^ 
coeoco — — -H — — 


CO — Lo 
irt t> •<j' eg 

X 


— a; CO 
to 10 eo eg eg 


1 k«eo 

1 OU5 

1 eg 


OS X 

c- c- 


t-cgo> 

10 — 


— X »n 
oioicg'-t 


x-"!" Cl- 
eg t--^ 
eg 



ox 



• cs cs ^ h 



o 

ll 

o 

=1^ 



o 



■Si: s ^^o 

£U 3 ^ X U 

O CO w O E-i 



i2 O 
T3 



-2 S 



CSdB 



-s 



=00 



11 



High School Enrollment by Subject 



! ^ ' '1 


1 






i i 


- 1 - M IN 


^ ; ; ; 


! 






m 














i 




p iir . 


ii i 

X 




P ' 




IS ? 


g : 






i i 


























■.va 




g i i i i i ; i 


i i i : iS 


SS : i 


IS : 




Pi 






i 1 - 


i 










%- 1 












"9-"' 






. 1 ^- ^ 


i : 1 = - 










:r.- X I--: X 

_ L= — — 






2:: 


c- — 

— : t- , 




s ■ 




































































ii iiP 














A 



INDEX 



A- (Continued) 



Absence of teachers, allowance for, 158 
Academic course, each high school, 252-257 
Acceleration and adjustment of school program, 
182, 201 

Adapting school program to wartime conditions, 

182, 201 
Administration, 157 
General Control 

Cost per pupil, 112, 113 
Expenditures, 242 
Percent for, 109-110 
Superintendents, 148, 153-173, 237, 242 
Adolescents, behavior characteristics of, 191 
Adult education, 6, 7, 15, 100-102, 103-105, 125, 

128, 129, 149, 157, 244 
Ages of boys and girls, school census, 16 
Agriculture 
Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 60 
Evening schools, 101-102 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 66 
Federal aid, 105, 125-127, 129 
Schools offering, 54, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 
Aid from State and /or Federal funds to 
Counties and Baltimore 

Distributed by type of fund, 1944-45, 222, 
239 

1920-1945, 106-107 

1944-1945, 108-109, 222, 239 
State teachers colleges, 204, 206, 222-223 
Vocational education, 125-127, 222, 224 

Training for war production, 104-105 
Vocational rehabilitation, 103, 222, 224 
Allowances for teachers' absence, 158 
Appropriations 

County, 1944-45, 138-139, 240 
County and State 

1920-1945 106-107 

1944- 1945, 108-109, 239, 240 
State, 1944-45, 108-109, 222-224, 239 

1945- 1947, 14-15 
Architect, consultant, 15, 222 
Armed services, entrants into 

Pupils, 49-51, 53, 182 

Teachers, 72-73 
Art, white high schools 

Enrollment, 54, 62, 258-263 

Teachers of, 67 
Assessable basis, 142-143 
Attendance 

Aggregate days of, 235 

Average daily, 234 

Effect of war on, 183 

Index of elementary, 29 

Percent of, 27-30, 236 

Summer school pupils, 100 

Teachers at summer school, 79 

Workers, 155, 157, 237, 242 



Audiometer tests, 42 

Auditory aids to instruction, 6, 7 

Auxiliary agencies 

Cost per pupil for, 115, 117, 119, 121 
Expenditures for 
Colored, 250, 251 
Total by purpose, 244 
White, 246, 247 
Percent of current expense budget, 109 110 

B 

Bands, orchestras, glee clubs, 63 
Basic aid per classroom unit, 8, 14, 15 
Belonging, average number, 233 

Each high school, 252-257 

Per teacher, 80-85 

Proportion in high school, 26 
Birth rates, 22 

Board of Education, State, 2, 222, 224 
Bonds for schools, 9, 10, 12 

Bonus for teachers and employees, 6, 9, 12, 14-15, 
89 

Books and instructional materials 
Cost per pupil 

Elementary, 115, 119 

High, 117, 121 
Expenditures 

All schools, 243 

Colored, 250-251 

White, 246, 247 
Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 
State aid for, 15, 239 
Boys and Girls 
Enrollment 

By grade, 31 

Total, 226-227 
Census by age, 16 
Graduates 

Elementary school, 34-35, 36 

High school, 47-49, 49-53 
Non-promotions 

Elementary, 36, 37-41 

First grade, 37 

High school subjects, white pupils 
Each subject, 66 
One or more subjects, 64-65 
Budget (s) 

Local, county and Baltimore City 
1920 1945, 106-107 

1944- 45, 108-109, 240 

1945- 1946, 138-139 

State public school, 14-15, 222, 224 
State teachers colleges, 15, 222-223 
Buildings, grounds and equipment, 157, 171 
Cost, (see capital outlay) 
Number of, 225 
Use of, 157 

Value of school, per pupil, 136-137 
Buses and tires, 159-167 
By-laws re certification, 157-159 



264 



Index 



265 



C 

Capital outlay, school 

By year, 1920-1945, 107 

By sites, buildings, equipment, 245 

By types of schools, 134 

Colored, 119, 121, 250-251 

White, 115, 117, 246, 247 
Census, 1944 school, 16-20 
Census and attendance fund, 15, 222, 239 
Certificates held by county teachers, 68-71 

Changes in requirements for, 157-159 
Child care program, 149, 180-181 
Child labor law, "Western Union messengers, 179 
Child study program, 175-179 
Classes 

Evening school, 100-102, 105, 128, 244 
Size of, 84-85, 96-97, 99 
Special for handicapped, 43-44 
Summer school, Baltimore City, 100, 244, 246- 
251 

Clerks, coimty schools, 68, 237 

Clinics, 215-220 

Colleges 

High school graduates 
of 1944 entering, 49-53 

of 1945 entering teachers colleges, 47-48, 
252-257 
State teachers, 14-15, 196-207 
Training teachers appointed in Maryland coun- 
ties, 1944-1945, 77 
White high school graduates of 1944 entering 
Maryland, 52 
Colored industrial fund, 8, 14-15, 217 
Commercial subjects, white high schools 
Enrollment 

Each high school, 258-263 
Total and by coimty, 54, 61 
Failures and withdrawals, 66 
Schools having, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 
Conference programs of 

High school principals, 184-185, 194 

National Coimcil of Chief Statt School Officials, 

172-173 
Superintendents, 153-171 
Supervisors 
Child care, 181 
Colored, 193-194 
White elementary, 175-179 
White high, 182-192 
State department staflF, 148-153, 185-186 
Conservation, 179 
Consolidation 

Decrease in one-teacher schools, 95 
Schools closed by, 225 
Transportation of pupils, 130-133 
Coordinating health agencies, 216-217 
Cost per pupil 

Analyzed for elementary and high school pupils, 

115, 117, 119, 121 
By types of schools, 113 

Colored elementary and high schools, 118, 120 



C- (Continued) 

Cost per pupil (Cont.) 
General control, 112, 113 
Individual high schools, 252-257 
One-teacher schools, white, 113, 124 
State Teachers colleges, 204, 205, 207 
Transported, 130-131 

White elementary and high schools, 112-121 
Costs (see expenditures) 
Council of health agencies, 216-217 
Course of study reconstruction, 149-150 
Courses in individual high schools, 258-263 
Court procedure in juvenile cases, 13-14 
Credit for work in armed services, 182 
Crippled children, services for, 42, 219 
Current expenses 
Cost per pupil 

Col(jred, 118, 120 

Individual high schools, 252-257 

White schools, 112-121 
Expenditures 

Colored, 250-251 

Total, 241 

White, 246-247 
Curriculum, study, 150, 184 -192, 196 

D 

Dates, opening and closing of schools, days ia 

session, 21, 236 
Debt service 

1944- 1945, 245 

1945- 1946, 138, 139 
Tax rate for, 140 

Dental clinics, 220 
Disbursements (see expenditures) 
Distributive education, 61, 125-126, 129, 158 
Diversified occupations, 158 

E 

Employment of high school graduates, 47-53 
English, high school 

Adjustment to war conditions, 150 

Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 
White, 54, 56 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 66 
Schools offering, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 
Enrollment 

Adult, 100-101, 105 
Elemen+^ary, 23-24, 31-33, 226-227 
Grade or year, 31-33 
High School 

Course, each school, S58-263 
Growth in, 23, 25, 122-123 
Subjects 
Colored, 55 
Each school, 258-263 
White, 54, 56-62 



266 



Index 



E- (Continued) 

Enrollment, High School (Cont.) 
Year, 31-33 

Each school, 252-257 
White, 56 

Non-public, private and parochial schools, 23, 
228-232 

Public schools, 23-25, 31-33, 226-227 
State teachers colleges, 199-202, 203 
Subject 

Colored high, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White high, 54, 56-62 
Summary, elementary and secondary, public 

and non-public, city and county, 23 
Summer schools, pupils, 100 
Total public schools, 226-227 
Equalization fund, 8, 14-15, 108-109, 239 
Equivalence examinations, 15, 157, 196-196 
Evening schools and courses 
Enrollment, 100, 101, 105 
Expenditures, 105, 125, 128-129, 244 
Expenditures, 241-251 

(See also general control, instruction, operation, 

maintenance, auxiliary agencies, fixed charges, 

tuition to adjoining counties, current expenses, 

debt service, capital outlay). 
Colored schools, 250-251 
Elementary schools, 246, 250 
Evening schools, 105, 128, 244 
Health, 218, 244 
High schools, 247, 251 

Junior and junior-senior high schools, 248-249 

Libraries, 244 

Salaries 

All schools, 243 

Elementary, 246, 250 

High, 122, 123, 247, 251 

Vocational teachers, 125-127, 129 
State teachers colleges, 204, 206, 222-223 
Summer schools, 244 
Total, by major classifications, 241 
Transportation, 130-131, 244 
Vocational work, Federal, 105, 125-129, 222, 224 

F 

Failures (see non-promotions) 

Farm machinery, repair of, 104, 105, 151 

Federal Aid 

Federal Works Agency, 134, 239 
Vocational education, 222, 224 

Administration and supervision, 129 
Salaries of teachers 

Baltimore City, 125, 129 
County day, 125, 126, 127 
County evening, 125, 128 
Training for war production, 105 
Fees in teachers colleges, 5, 14-15, 202, 204-206 
Financial statements 

County schools, 239-251 
State public schools, 222-224 
State teachers colleges, 222, 223 



F- (Continued) 

Fire extinguishers, 9 

First grade non-promotions, 37 

Fixed charges, 244 

French 

Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 60 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 66 
Schools offering, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 

G 

General control 

Cost per pupil, 112, 113 
Expenditures, 242 
Percent for, 109-110 
Glee clubs, bands, orchestras, 68 
Grade enrollment, 31-33, 37 
Graduates 

Elementary school, 34-36 
High school, 45-53 

Entering teachers colleges, 47-60, 62, 68 
From each school, 252-257 
Inductees, 150 
Occupations of, 49-53 
Teachers colleges, 197-198 
Growth in high school enrollment, teachen, Mlaries, 
122-123 

Guidance, 67, 127, 156, 158, 167 



H 

Handicapped children 
Census, 19 

Expenditures, 42, 219, 222, 224 

Home instruction, 42, 226-227 

Hospital schools, 42, 226-227 

Institutions for, 42, 226-227 

Opportunities for education of, 42-44 

Receipts from State, 14-15, 42, 239 

Services for crippled, 219 

Transportation, 42 
Hard-of-hearing children, 42, 44 
Health 

Activities of State Department of, 218-220 

Cost per pupil, 114-115, 218 

Expenditures 
All schools, 244 
By county health offices, 218 

Program for children, 167, 212-217 
High school equivalence examinations, 15, 157, 

195-196 
Higher education, study of, 12 
High schools 

Aid for, 14-15, 239 

Disbursements, 247, 248-249, 251 

Individual, 252-263 



Index 



267 



H- (Continued) 

Home economics 
Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 60 
Evening schools, 100, 101, 102 
Federal aid. 125-129 
Schools having 54, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 
Home instruction of pupils, 42, 43 

I 

Immunizations, 213, 219 

Income payments, per capita, 148 

Income tax, state, per capita, 146 

Incorporated towns, levy for, 139 

Index of school attendance, 29 

Inductees, training for, 150 

Industrial arts (see also trades and industries) 

Adjustments, 151 

Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 
White, 54, 60 

Schools having 67, 258-263 

Teachers, 67 
Instruction 

Cost per pupil, 115-121 

Exp nditures 

Colored elementary and high, 250-251 
Junior and junior-senior high, 248-249 
Salaries, supervision, books, etc., 243 
State teachers colleges, 204-207 
White elementary and high, 246-247 

Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 

J 

Junior and jvmior-senior high schools, 158-159' 

184-192, 248, 249 
Jimior colleges, 157 
Juvenile court, 13-14 

K 

Kindergartens, 31, 32, 33, 157 

L 

Languages (see English, French, Latin) 

Late entrants, elementary school, 29 

Latin, (see French) 

Legislation, 1945, 5-6, 7-15 

Length of session, 21, 236 

Levies, county, 138, 139 

Libraries 

Colored schools, 211 

Expenditures all schools, 244 

Service from Library Advisory Commission, 
209-211 



L- (Continued) 

Library service, 6, 8, M-15, 149, 155, 156, 158' 

167, 209-211 
Licensing of schools, 157 
Lip reading classes, 43, 44 
* Lunch program, 151, 156 

M 

Maintenance 

Cost per pupil for, 115, 117, 119, 121 
Expenditures 

By type of repair, 244 
Colored, 250-251 
White, 246, 247 
Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 
Maryland's rank among states, 148 
Materials of instruction and books 
Cost per pupil for, 115, 117, 119, 121 
Expenditures 

Colored, 250, 251 
Total, 243 
White, 246, 247 
Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 
State aid for, 239 
Mathematics, high school 
Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 
White, 54, 57 

Failures and withdrawals, white, 66 

In wartime, 150 

Schools having, 54, 67, 258-263 

Teachers, 67 
Medical examinations 

Pupils, 219 

Teachers, 222 
Men teachers, 77, 237, 238 
Mental hygiene, 215 
Mentally handicapped children, 43, 44 
Military induction and high school graduation, 182 
Motor vehicle law changed, 10-11 
Music, high school 

Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 62, 63 
Orchestras, bands, etc., 65 
Schools having, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 

N 

National-go-to-school drive, 182-183, 194 

Night schools (see evening schools, adult eduction) 

Non-promotions, 36 

Elememtary schools, 36-41 
First grade, 37 
Subject, white high schools 
Each subject, 66 
One or more subjects, 64-65 



268 



Index 



N- (Continued) 

Number belonging, 233 

Each high school, 252-257 

Per teacher, 84 

Proportion in high school, 26 
Number of schools 

Having one teacher, 94, 95 

Non-public, 228-232 

Public, 225 

Elememtary, 94 
High, 96-98 
Nutrition, 212 



o 

Occupations of high school graduates, 49-53 
One-teacher schools 
Decrease in, 95 
Number of, 94, 95, 225 
White 

Capital outlay for, 134 
Cost per pupil, 113, 124 
Decrease in, 95 
Number belonging in, 95 

Per teacher, 84 
Percent of attendance, 27 
Salary per teacher in, 88 
Operation 

Cost per pupil, 115-121 
Expenditures 
By fuel, janitors* wages, supplies, 248 
Colored, 250, 251 
White, 246, 247 
Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 
Orchestras, bands, etc., 65 

P 

Parent-teacher associations, 149, 154, 155-156, 157 
Parochial and private schools, 17, 23, 228-232 
Part-payment of salaries, 222, 239 
Pensions, 9 

Persistence to high school graduation, 45-47 
Physical education and health, 12, 150, 156 
Physical education and recreation 

Appropriation for, 15, 222, 224 

High school enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 62 
Program, 12, 150, 156, 194, 212-217 
Schools offering, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 

Physical examinations (see medical examinations) 
Physically handicapped children, 42, 44 

Services for crippled children, 219 
Post-war planning and construction, 157, 213- 

214, 216 
Pupil-teacher planning, 149, 150 



P- (Continued) 

Pre-induetion courses, 59 
Pre-Kindergarten classes, 32, 157 
Presidents of teachers colleges, 2, 202, 203 
Private and parochial schools (see parochial and 

private schools) 
Private trade schools, 6, 7 
Programs of conferences (see conferences) 
Property, valuation of 

County and City, 142-143 

School, 136-137 
Psychologists, 155 

Public relations, 150, 153, 157, 168-170, 183-184 
Public health agencies, relations with, 216-217 
Pupils 

Non-public schools, 17, 23, 228-232 
One-teacher schools, 94, 95 
Per teacher, 84, 85 
Public school 

Enrollment, 17, 23-25, 226-227 

Number attending, 234 

Number belonging, 233 

Percent of attendance, 236 
Reports on inductees, 150, 182 
Transported, 130, 131, 132 

R 

Radio education, 157, 171-172 
Rank of Maryland, 148, 154 

Ratio of high school to total attendinga nd be- 
longing, 26 
Receipts from 
All sources, 240 
Federal government, 239 

Evening schools, counties, 128 
Federal Works Agency, 134, 239 
Teachers' salaries, coimties, 125-127 
Vocational education, 125-129 
Baltimore City, 129 
Training for war production, 105 
Rosenwald fimd, 211 
State 

Distributed by type of fund, 1944-1945, 222, 
239 

1920-1945, 106, 107 

Teachers colleges, 204-207, 222-223 

Total and percent, 108, 109 
Rehabilitation, vocational, 102-104, 222, 224 
Repair of farm machinery, 104, 105, 151 
Report of high school principal, 150, 182 
Resignations of teachers, 72-73 
Retarded children, classes for, 43, 44 
Retirement system for 

Employees other than teachers, 10 
Teachers 

Finances, 14-15, 222 

Members, 208 

Reciprocity, 157 

Status of members in armed services, 10 
Rosenwald fund, 211 



s 

Safety education, 212 
Salaries 

Adjustment of, 5, 7, 9, 89, 155, 156 
Attendance officers, 242 
Growth in high school, 122, 123 
Percent of school budget, 109, 110 
Superintendents, 7, 148, 242 
Supervisors, 7, 243 
Teachers 

Average per teacher, 85-88 

Cost per pupil, 115-121 
Total 

Colored elementary, 250 
Colored high, 123, 251 
Vocational, 126-129 
White elementary, 246 
White high, 122, 247 
School census, 1944, 16-20 
School lunch program, 151 
Schools, number of, 225 

By size, 94-97 
Science, high school 
Adjustments, 150 
Enrollment 
Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 
White, 54, 59 

Failures and withdrawals.^white high schools. 

In wartime 150^ 

Schools offering, 67 

Teachers, 67 
Session, length of, 21, 236 
Sex of teachers, 77 
Sick leave, 158 
Size of 

Classes, 5, 7, 84-85, 149, 155, 156 
Schools 

Each high, 252-257 

Elementary, 94, 95 

High, 96, 97 
Teaching staff, 94 
Social studies 

Adjustments, 150 
Enrollment in high school 

Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 
mite, 54, 59 
Failures and withdrawals, white high schools, 66 
High schools offering, 67, 258-263 
Teachers, 67 
Special classes for handicapped, 42, 44, 157 
Special high school teachers, 67, 252-257 
State 

Aid to health, 218, 239 
Aid to schools 

Showing various school funds, 222, 239 

1920-1945, 106, 107 

1944-1945, 108, 109 
Board of Education 2, 15, 222, 224 
Department of Education, 2, 15, 222, 224 



Index 269 
S- (Continued) 

state (Cent.) 

Department of Health 
Expenditures, 220 
School activities, 218-219, 220 

Income taxes, 146, 155 

Public school budget, 6, 14-15, 222-224 

School program, 153, 156-157, 182 

Teachers colleges, 2, 47, 51, 52, 197-207, 222, 224 

Teachers Retirement System, 2, 208, 222 
Statistical tables, 225-263 
Stenography, typewriting, bookkeeping, 61 
Subjects studied in high school 

Colored, 55 

Each high school, 258-263 

White, 54, 56-63 
Summer conference at Towson, 185-192 
Summer school attendance 

Pupils, 100 

County teachers, 79, 157, 187 
Superintendents, 3, 6, 7, 14, 242 
Super%'ision, Super \isors 

Acti\-ities 

Colored, 193, 194 

White elementary, 149-150, 173, 179 

White high, 182-192 
Cost per white elementary pupil for, 115 
Cost, salaries, and expenses 

All schools, 243 

Colored, 250, 251 

White, 246, 247 
Curriculum revision, 149-150, 174 
Names of, 2, 3 
Number of, 173, 237 

Percent of current expense budget, 109-110 
Salaries of, 6, 7, 243, 246, 247, 250, 251 
State Aid, 14-15, 239 
Surplus war materials, 13 

T 

Taxable Basis, 141, 143 

Tax dollar, distribution of school, 109-110 

Tax rates, county, 144 

Tests of reading readiness, 149, 174 

Teacher (s') 

Academic, high school, 67, 252-257 
Certification of, 68-71, 77 
Colleges, 5, 10, 14-15, 47, 48, 52, 196-207 
Entering armed ser\ices, status of, 10 
Number of, 237-238 

For each high school subject, 67 
In each high school, 252-257 
In schools of each type 

Colored, 94. 96, 99, 238, 250, 251 

Non-public schools, 228-232 

Junior and junior-senior high, 237, 238, 

248-249 
Public schools,237-238 
White elementary, 94, 95, 237,'246 
White high, 67, 96, 237, 247 
Total public school, 237-238 
Pupils per, 80-85 , 



270 



Index 



T- (Continued) 

Teacher(s) (Cont.) 
Resignations, 72-73 

Salaries of, 5, 7, 85-93, 108, 155, 156, 24S, 246- 
251 

Sex of, 77, 237, 238 
Sick leave, allowance for, 158 
Special high school, 67, 252-257 
Summer school attendance of, 79 
Turnover of, 6, 74-76, 78 
Teachers' Retirement System 
Financial statement, 15, 222 
Staff, 2 

Status of members who enter armed services, 10 
Teachers' contributions, to, 208 
Trade schools, 6, 7 
Trades and industry, courses in 
Enrollment, day schools 
Colored, 55, 127, 129 
Each high school, 258-263 
White, 54, 126, 129 
Evening schools, 100, 101-102 
Federal aid, 125-129 
Schools having, 67, 258-263 
Training for war production, 104-105 
Training centers, teachers colleges, 201, 203 
Training for war production workers, 104-105 
Transportation of pupils, 9, 157, 159-167 
Cost, total and per pupil, 130-131, 244 
Percent of pupils transported, 132 
Regulations re, 159-167 
Tuition charge, teachers colleges, 5, 7, 155, 156, 

204, 205, 206 
Turnover in teaching staff, 6, 74-76, 78 
Twelve-year program, 5, 8, 149, 155, 156, 184-191 



V 

Value of 

Assessable property, 142-143 

School property, 136-137 
Veterans, 10, 149, 157 
Visual education, 156, 171 
Vision, conservation of, 43, 44 
Vocational education, 151, 156, 167 

Enrollment, day schools, 54, 55, 126, 127, 258- 
263 

Evening schools, 100, 101-102, 128 
Federal aid, 125-129, 222, 224, 239 
State aid, 15, 222, 224 

Training for war and food production workeri, 
104-105, 151 
Vocational guidance, 67, 129, 156 
Vocational rehabilitation, 2, 8, 15, 150-151, 152- 

153, 222, 224 



w 

War emergency certificates, 68-71, 157 
Withdrawals of pupils 

Elementary, 29 

High, 183 

Teachers colleges, freshhien, 203 



Y 

Year, length of school, 21, 236 
Youth, census, 19-20 



DO KOT mmm 




50 m GMU^^ 



DO ?0T Cir'^.TTiT?' 




-1 .^;„-- •